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Study sets matching "biochemistry nucleic acids"

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Study sets matching "biochemistry nucleic acids"

35 terms
Biochemistry: Nucleic Acids
primary structure
secondary structure
tertiary structure
quaternary structure
-the order of bases on the polynucleotide sequence
-the three-dimensional conformation of the polynucleotide bac…
-supercoiling
-interaction between DNA and proteins
primary structure
-the order of bases on the polynucleotide sequence
secondary structure
-the three-dimensional conformation of the polynucleotide bac…
22 terms
Biochemistry: Nucleic Acids
purine
adenine
guanine
pyrimidine
purine
adenine
Biochemistry II- Nucleic Acids
Nucleic Acids
Nucleotides
C, H, O, N, P
DNA
Found in nuclei of cells
Building blocks (subunits) of nucleic acids
Elements found in nucleic acids
carries hereditary information from one generation to the nex…
Nucleic Acids
Found in nuclei of cells
Nucleotides
Building blocks (subunits) of nucleic acids
19 terms
Biochemistry: Nucleic Acids
What are nucleic acids?
What does DNA do?
What does RNA do?
What three parts comprise a nucleic ac…
polymers that store and translate information.
stores the genetic code (hereditary information)
translates the genetic code into proteins (polypeptides)
1. phosphate functional group... 2. pentose sugar (deoxyribose o…
What are nucleic acids?
polymers that store and translate information.
What does DNA do?
stores the genetic code (hereditary information)
54 terms
Biochemistry: Nucleic Acids
Two principal types of nucleic acids
Ribosomes
Primary structure
Secondary structure
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Polypeptide-generating machinery of the cell... site of protein…
Order of nitrogen bases
Three-dimensional conformation of the backbone... double helix i…
Two principal types of nucleic acids
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Ribosomes
Polypeptide-generating machinery of the cell... site of protein…
57 terms
Biochemistry: Proteins + Nucleic Acids
Proteins help carry out chemical react…
Permeases
Hormones
Antibodies
Enzymes
Serve as these, pump small molecules in/out of cells
Proteins serve as these chemical messengers
Proteins help form these disease-fighting
Proteins help carry out chemical react…
Enzymes
Permeases
Serve as these, pump small molecules in/out of cells
51 terms
Biochemistry Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids
bases (RNA)
ribonucleoside
ribonucleotide
bases (DNA)
adenine, guanine, cytosine, uracil (RNA)
base + D-ribose=... adenosine, guanosine, cytidine, uridine
base + D-ribose + phosphate=... adenosine 5'-phosphate... guanosine…
adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine
bases (RNA)
adenine, guanine, cytosine, uracil (RNA)
ribonucleoside
base + D-ribose=... adenosine, guanosine, cytidine, uridine
9 terms
Biochemistry Nucleic Acid Structure
adenine
guanine
cytosine
uracil
adenine
guanine
54 terms
Biochemistry: Nucleic Acids
Two principal types of nucleic acids
Ribosomes
Primary structure
Secondary structure
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Polypeptide-generating machinery of the cell... site of protein…
Order of nitrogen bases
Three-dimensional conformation of the backbone... double helix i…
Two principal types of nucleic acids
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Ribosomes
Polypeptide-generating machinery of the cell... site of protein…
12 terms
Biochemistry Cont.: Nucleic Acids
Functions
Functional Group
2 Types of Nucleic Acid
What are the building blocks?
Carry/store information
Phosphate
DNA & RNA
Sugar, Phosphate, Nitrogenous Base
Functions
Carry/store information
Functional Group
Phosphate
8 terms
Biochemistry Nucleic Acids
Ribose
Deoxyribose
Adenine
Thymine
Ribose
Deoxyribose
10 terms
Biochemistry Nucleic Acids
master (imformative) molecules
DNA
transfer information
RNA
nucleic acids are the _____ of a cell
type of nucleic acid which is found in nucleus of cells
RNA job
type of nucleic acid which is found in the cells
master (imformative) molecules
nucleic acids are the _____ of a cell
DNA
type of nucleic acid which is found in nucleus of cells
96 terms
Biochemistry-Nucleic Acids
What is the central dogma of biochemis…
What is the order these occur in: tran…
What occurs in transcription?
What occurs in mRNA transport?
DNA transcribed into RNA translated into Protein
1. transcription... 2. mRNA transport... 3. translation
nuclear DNA programs protein synthesis in the cytoplasm by di…
mRNA molecules leave the nucleus via nuclear pores and bind t…
What is the central dogma of biochemis…
DNA transcribed into RNA translated into Protein
What is the order these occur in: tran…
1. transcription... 2. mRNA transport... 3. translation
24 terms
Biochemistry - Amino & Nucleic Acids
lysine (K)
alanine (A)
glycine (G)
isoleucine (I)
lysine (K)
alanine (A)
15 terms
Biochemistry-NUCLEIC ACIDS
What are the functions of a nucleic ac…
What is the building block (monomer) f…
What are the 3 parts of a nucleic acid…
Simple diagram of the nucleic acid bui…
1) Stores information... 2) Transfers infromation
Nucleotides
Phosphate, sugar, nitrogenous base
What are the functions of a nucleic ac…
1) Stores information... 2) Transfers infromation
What is the building block (monomer) f…
Nucleotides
9 terms
Biochemistry: nucleic acids
What are the two types of nucleic acid…
Why are they considered nucleic?
What is the basic function of the DNA?
What is the basic function of RNA?
DNA and RNA are two types of nucleic acids. They are polymers…
They are nucleic bc they are in the nucleus of eukaryotes
DNA gives instruction to cell about how to make proteins
Tell DNA's instructions from the nucleus to the cell.... Helping…
What are the two types of nucleic acid…
DNA and RNA are two types of nucleic acids. They are polymers…
Why are they considered nucleic?
They are nucleic bc they are in the nucleus of eukaryotes
13 terms
Nucleic Acids - Biochemistry unit
Nucleic acids are composed of:
The monomer of a nucleic acid
3 parts of a nucleotide
Polymers of Nucleic Acid
Hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus
Nucleotide
5 carbon sugar (charm bracelet), phosphate group, nitrogenous…
DNA and RNA
Nucleic acids are composed of:
Hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus
The monomer of a nucleic acid
Nucleotide
43 terms
Biochemistry - Proteins and Nucleic Acids
the most abundant organic component of…
amino acids
structure of amino acid
what chemical reaction links amino aci…
proteins
long chains of organic molecules
amino group attached to a central carbon attached to a carbox…
dehydration synthesis
the most abundant organic component of…
proteins
amino acids
long chains of organic molecules
24 terms
Biochemistry - Nucleic Acids
Nucleic Acids
DNA carries what?
Ribonucleic Acid, RNA is needed to what?
Nucleic acids are polymers made up of...
The biochemical polymer that stores and transmits genetic inf…
The instructions for making a specific protein
Translate and copy DNA
Nucleotides
Nucleic Acids
The biochemical polymer that stores and transmits genetic inf…
DNA carries what?
The instructions for making a specific protein
5 terms
Biochemistry: Macromolecules: Nucleic Acids
What is a nucleotide?
What is the difference between a nucle…
Why is NTP called "nucleoside triphosp…
What are the functions of nucleic acids?
A nucleotide is one of the structural components, or building…
A nucleotide contains a sugar, nitrogenous base and phosphate…
Nucleoside indicates that there is no phosphates already atta…
Nucleic acids have two main functions:... 1) Storing hereditary…
What is a nucleotide?
A nucleotide is one of the structural components, or building…
What is the difference between a nucle…
A nucleotide contains a sugar, nitrogenous base and phosphate…
7 terms
Biochemistry nucleic acids
They organize genetic information
DNA and RNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Ribonucleic acid
What do nucleic acids do?
What are two types of nucleic acids?
What is DNA?
What is RNA?
They organize genetic information
What do nucleic acids do?
DNA and RNA
What are two types of nucleic acids?
Biochemistry- Nucleic Acids
What is a nucleic acid?
What is the monomer unit of a nucleic…
What does a nucleotide look like?
What are the nucleic acids?
A complex organic substance present in living cells, especial…
The monomer units of nucleic acids are nucleotides.
A nucleotide contains three parts: 1. A five carbon sugar (ri…
The functions of nucleotides are DNA, RNA, and ATP.
What is a nucleic acid?
A complex organic substance present in living cells, especial…
What is the monomer unit of a nucleic…
The monomer units of nucleic acids are nucleotides.
25 terms
Biochemistry: Nucleic Acids
What are nucleic acids?
What do they do?
What do they do?
Pentose sugar part
- every body cell uses DNA as instruction manual for making p…
- in strands of DNA are segments that are individual genes... -…
- nucleic acids made of polymers of nucleotides( a nucleosi…
- pentose sugars are: ... DEOXYRIBOSE(DNA)... RIBOSE (RNA)... (fo…
What are nucleic acids?
- every body cell uses DNA as instruction manual for making p…
What do they do?
- in strands of DNA are segments that are individual genes... -…
13 terms
Biochemistry (proteins + nucleic acids)
Protein
Amino acid
Peptide bond
Polypeptide
A polymer constructed from amino acid monomers
An organic molecule containing a carboxyl group, an amino gro…
The bond between adjacent amino acids
Long chain of amino acids
Protein
A polymer constructed from amino acid monomers
Amino acid
An organic molecule containing a carboxyl group, an amino gro…
99 terms
Fundamentals Biochemistry: Nucleic Acids
Nucleoside
Purines
Pyrimidine
Bases in RNA
Base + sugar
Adenine and guanine, both two rings
Cytosine, Thymine, Uracil, both single rings
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, uracil
Nucleoside
Base + sugar
Purines
Adenine and guanine, both two rings
15 terms
Biochemistry - Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids
Components of a nucleotide
What is a nucleoside?
What is a nucleic acid?
Why are nucleotides and nucleic acids…
1.) Pentose Ring... 2.) Purine or Pyrimidine base... 3.) One to thr…
A nucleotide with no phosphate!
Nucleotides connected by phosphodiester bonds.
Nucleotides are the foundational molecule of all life.
Components of a nucleotide
1.) Pentose Ring... 2.) Purine or Pyrimidine base... 3.) One to thr…
What is a nucleoside?
A nucleotide with no phosphate!
39 terms
Biochemistry I - Nucleic Acids
Purines
Pyrimidines
Nucleoside
Nucleotide
Adenine (A)... Guanine (G)
Thymine (T)... Cytosine (C)
- Nitrogenous base... - 5 carbon sugar... - DNA - deoxyribose... - RNA…
- Nucleoside plus phosphate (1, 2, 0r 3)... Phosphate (at eithe…
Purines
Adenine (A)... Guanine (G)
Pyrimidines
Thymine (T)... Cytosine (C)
62 terms
Biochemistry: Nucleic Acids and Proteins
Bases are?
Purine v pyrimidine
Thymine is found in?
Base modification
Planar, aromatic heterocycles
MAKE FLASHCARDS
DNA, tRNA
A in proks, C in euks gets methylated. Absorb UV at 260 nm wh…
Bases are?
Planar, aromatic heterocycles
Purine v pyrimidine
MAKE FLASHCARDS
Biochemistry--nucleic acids and heredity
heredity of an organism is determined by
genes
chromosomes
nucleoprotein
genes found in its chromosomes
segments of DNA that direct synthesis of a specific protein
nucleoproteins
is a complex that has a protein bound to a nucleic acid
heredity of an organism is determined by
genes found in its chromosomes
genes
segments of DNA that direct synthesis of a specific protein
31 terms
Biochemistry: Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids
2 types of nucleic acids?
3 components of all nucleic acids?
A molecule without a phosphate group i…
What distinguishes DNA from RNA?
DNA & RNA
1. Base... 2. Phosphate Group... 3. Pentose
nucleoside
the sugar:... RNA: ribose: OH on 2' C... DNA: deoxyribose: H on 2' C
2 types of nucleic acids?
DNA & RNA
3 components of all nucleic acids?
1. Base... 2. Phosphate Group... 3. Pentose
34 terms
Biochemistry - Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids
bases in ribonucleotides
ribonucleosides
ribonucleotides
bases in deoxyribonucleotides
A: adenine. C: cytosine. G: guanine. U: uracil.
(base + D-ribose)... adenosine, guanosine, cytidine, uridine
(base + D-ribose + phosphate)... adenosine 5'-phosphate... guanosi…
A: adenine. C: cytosine. G: guanine. T: thymine.
bases in ribonucleotides
A: adenine. C: cytosine. G: guanine. U: uracil.
ribonucleosides
(base + D-ribose)... adenosine, guanosine, cytidine, uridine
36 terms
Biochemistry Nucleic acids
What is a Gene
Function of DNA
Types of RNAs
General structure of a Nucleotide
Segment of DNA that codes for synthesis of a biological product
Storage and transmission of information
mRNA... rRNA... tRNA
Phosphate group, pentose sugar, and N containing base
What is a Gene
Segment of DNA that codes for synthesis of a biological product
Function of DNA
Storage and transmission of information
33 terms
Biochemistry of Nucleic Acids
Name the sugar in RNA.
Name the sugar in DNA.
Of what two types of compound does a n…
Give the names for the two forms of ba…
Ribose
Deoxyribose
Nucleoside and phosphate group
Purines and pyrimidines
Name the sugar in RNA.
Ribose
Name the sugar in DNA.
Deoxyribose
20 terms
Biochemistry- Nucleic acids
What are 4 functions of nucleotides?
What are the 3 parts to a nucleotides?
What are the 2 categories of aromatic…
What are the 2 carbohydrates used for…
1) Building blocks of nucleic acids... 2) Energy sources- ATP an…
1) Aromatic base... 2) Carbohydrate... 3) Phosphate group
1) Purines- Adenine and Guanine... 2) Pyrimidines- Cytosine, Thy…
1) Ribose (RNA)- pentose... 2) Deoxyribose (DNA)- pentose, lacki…
What are 4 functions of nucleotides?
1) Building blocks of nucleic acids... 2) Energy sources- ATP an…
What are the 3 parts to a nucleotides?
1) Aromatic base... 2) Carbohydrate... 3) Phosphate group
17 terms
Biochemistry of Nucleic acids
Nucleoside
Nucleotide
Adenosine
Cytidine
Base and sugar
Nucleoside and phosphate
Nucleoside complementary to adenine
Nucleoside complementary to cytosine
Nucleoside
Base and sugar
Nucleotide
Nucleoside and phosphate
10 terms
Biochemistry: Nucleic Acids
Major Elements
Monomers
Nucleotides are composed of
Nucleotides are composed of (nitrogeno…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus
Nucleotides
- a nitrogenous base... - a simple (pentose) sugar... - a phosphate…
- Cytosine (C)... - Guanine (G)... - Adenine (A)... - Thymine (T) (DNA…
Major Elements
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus
Monomers
Nucleotides
24 terms
Nucleic acids biochemistry terms
The function of nucleic acids
The elements found in nucleic acids
The monomer of nucleic acids
Two types of nucleic acids
To store genetic information
C, H, N, O, P
Nucleotide
DNA and RNA
The function of nucleic acids
To store genetic information
The elements found in nucleic acids
C, H, N, O, P
11 terms
Biochemistry nucleotides and nucleic acids
purine
purine
pyrimidine
pyrimidine
Adenine
Guanine
Cytosine
Thymine
purine
Adenine
purine
Guanine
13 terms
Nucleic Acids - Biochemistry unit
Nucleic acids are composed of:
The monomer of a nucleic acid
3 parts of a nucleotide
Polymers of Nucleic Acid
Hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus
Nucleotide
5 carbon sugar (charm bracelet), phosphate group, nitrogenous…
DNA and RNA
Nucleic acids are composed of:
Hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus
The monomer of a nucleic acid
Nucleotide
132 terms
Biochemistry Ch. 4-Nucleic Acids
mRNA molecules
gene expression
Erwin Chargaff
Tm
The information-carrying intermediates of translation
The flow of genetic information from DNA to protein is called…
Scientist who noted the A:T and G:C ratios in DNA are approxi…
The temperature at which half the DNA helical character is lo…
mRNA molecules
The information-carrying intermediates of translation
gene expression
The flow of genetic information from DNA to protein is called…
16 terms
Principles of Biochemistry: Nucleic Acids
Watson and Crick
Nucleic Acid
DNA
Nucleoside
-suggested the first accurate model of DNA structure in 1953…
-acid due to phosphate group... -found in nuclei of all living c…
-controls heredity... -self-replicating molecule (one generation…
-sugar and base... -sugar is deoxyribose or ribose... -base is puri…
Watson and Crick
-suggested the first accurate model of DNA structure in 1953…
Nucleic Acid
-acid due to phosphate group... -found in nuclei of all living c…
47 terms
Biochemistry - Nucleic acids
Phosphate group, pentose and purine or…
Phosphate group
phosphodiester bond
pentose (five carbon) sugar
What a general nucleotide is composed with?
An element of the general structure of nucleotides... Negativel…
What bond link the phosphate group and the ribose (pentose) r…
An element of the general structure of nucleotides... deoxyribo…
Phosphate group, pentose and purine or…
What a general nucleotide is composed with?
Phosphate group
An element of the general structure of nucleotides... Negativel…
9 terms
Biochemistry: Nucleic Acids
Nucleic Acid Elements
Nucleic Acids
Nucleic Acid Composition
DNA
Hydrogen... Oxygen... Carbon... Nitrogen... Phosphorus
Long chains of nucleotides
One 5 ring carbon sugar... Phosphate... Nitrogenous Base
If the sugar in the nucleotide is deoxyribose
Nucleic Acid Elements
Hydrogen... Oxygen... Carbon... Nitrogen... Phosphorus
Nucleic Acids
Long chains of nucleotides
9 terms
Biochemistry- Nucleic Acids
What is the structure of a nucleotide?
What is a nucleic acid?
Describe the 4 structural levels of DNA.
Why are nucleotides so important?
A compound consisting of a pentose ring, either a purine or p…
Many nucleotides connected by a phosphodiester bond.
The primary structure is the nucleic acid chain. The secondar…
They are the foundational molecule of all life!
What is the structure of a nucleotide?
A compound consisting of a pentose ring, either a purine or p…
What is a nucleic acid?
Many nucleotides connected by a phosphodiester bond.
24 terms
Biochemistry (nucleic acids)
Nucleic Acids (2)
Name the four nitrogen Bases found in…
Name the four nitrogen bases found in…
Sugar found in DNA
DNA, RNA
Adenine - Thymine... Guanine - Cytosine
Adenine - Uracil... Guanine - cytosine
Deoxyribose
Nucleic Acids (2)
DNA, RNA
Name the four nitrogen Bases found in…
Adenine - Thymine... Guanine - Cytosine
12 terms
biochemistry nucleic acids
information storage
nucleotides
sugar and phosphate group (backbone),…
adenine, cytosine, guanine, thymine
functions of nucleic acids
Make up nucleic acids
components of nucleotide
types of nitrogenous bases (DNA)
information storage
functions of nucleic acids
nucleotides
Make up nucleic acids
10 terms
Biochemistry (nucleic acids)
examples of nucleic acids
elements
RNA nitrogen bases
DNA nitrogen bases
RNA, DNA
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus
adenine, guanine, uracil, cytosine
adenine, guanine, thymine, cytosine
examples of nucleic acids
RNA, DNA
elements
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus
34 terms
Biochemistry - Nucleic Acids
Backbone of DNA and RNA
Sugar phosphate backbone is created by?
what bond holds the DNA duplex together?
Which nucleic acid have two rings
Composed of a sugar phosphate backbone
phosphodiester bonds... 3'-5' linkage
Hydrogen bonding between nitrogen bases
adenine and guanine
Backbone of DNA and RNA
Composed of a sugar phosphate backbone
Sugar phosphate backbone is created by?
phosphodiester bonds... 3'-5' linkage
10 terms
Biochemistry: Nucleic Acids
Nucleic acids function
Nucleic acids give
Nucleic acids elements
Nucleic acids monomer
Store and transmit genetic information
A blueprint for how to build an organism
Phosphorus, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen,
Nucleotide
Nucleic acids function
Store and transmit genetic information
Nucleic acids give
A blueprint for how to build an organism
54 terms
Biochemistry: Nucleic Acids
Two principal types of nucleic acids
Ribosomes
Primary structure
Secondary structure
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Polypeptide-generating machinery of the cell... site of protein…
Order of nitrogen bases
Three-dimensional conformation of the backbone... double helix i…
Two principal types of nucleic acids
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Ribosomes
Polypeptide-generating machinery of the cell... site of protein…
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