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Study sets matching "biochemistry water"

4 terms
Biochemistry - Water
Polar molecules
Bonds Hydrogen atoms make
Ionization
Dissolve
neutral molecules with charges distributed unevenly (+ and -…
covalent bonds
when ionic bonds get split apart (usually by water)
When bonds or molecules get separated from each other
Polar molecules
neutral molecules with charges distributed unevenly (+ and -…
Bonds Hydrogen atoms make
covalent bonds
43 terms
Biochemistry (water)
What is the shape of a water molecule?
What is the angle between the hydrogen…
Which is more electronegative, oxygen…
What is the reason for water's bent po…
A water molecule is SP3 hybridized.
The angle is 104.5 degrees, giving water its bent shape.
Oxygen
The lone pairs on the oxygen give water its bent position. Th…
What is the shape of a water molecule?
A water molecule is SP3 hybridized.
What is the angle between the hydrogen…
The angle is 104.5 degrees, giving water its bent shape.
Biochemistry Water
concentration
pH
temperature
adhesion
The measure of the amount or proportion of a substance when c…
measure of acidity or alkalinity (basicity) of a solution sca…
the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of ma…
attraction between different polar molecules
concentration
The measure of the amount or proportion of a substance when c…
pH
measure of acidity or alkalinity (basicity) of a solution sca…
65 terms
Biochemistry and Water
Covalent Bond
Polar Molecule
Cohesion
Adhesion
Sharing of a pair of valence electrons by two atoms
A molecule with an uneven distribution of charge, for example…
The clinging together of "like" substances, for example, the…
The clinging of one substance to another unlike substance, fo…
Covalent Bond
Sharing of a pair of valence electrons by two atoms
Polar Molecule
A molecule with an uneven distribution of charge, for example…
37 terms
Biochemistry & Water
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Disaccharides
Polysaccharides
Supply quick energy, dietary sources include rice, pasta, bre…
Have chemical formula of C6H12O6. Examples: glucose, galactos…
All have the chemical forumla C12H22O11. They consist of 2 mo…
Macromolecules. Chains of four or more monosaccharides.
Carbohydrates
Supply quick energy, dietary sources include rice, pasta, bre…
Monosaccharide
Have chemical formula of C6H12O6. Examples: glucose, galactos…
43 terms
Biochemistry (water)
What is the shape of a water molecule?
What is the angle between the hydrogen…
Which is more electronegative, oxygen…
What is the reason for water's bent po…
A water molecule is SP3 hybridized.
The angle is 104.5 degrees, giving water its bent shape.
Oxygen
The lone pairs on the oxygen give water its bent position. Th…
What is the shape of a water molecule?
A water molecule is SP3 hybridized.
What is the angle between the hydrogen…
The angle is 104.5 degrees, giving water its bent shape.
27 terms
Biochemistry & Water
neutron
proton
electron
Periodic Table of Elements
located in the nucleus; have neutral charge
located in the nucleus;... they have a positive charge
located in energy rings around the nucleus;... they have a negat…
neutron
located in the nucleus; have neutral charge
proton
located in the nucleus;... they have a positive charge
8 terms
Biochemistry: WATER
Water is polar. Illustrate this polari…
What is a hydrogen bond? Using a diagr…
Cohesion
Adhesion
The attraction of a hydrogen atom with an electronegative ato…
The attraction to ones self. this is the reason liquid forms…
The attraction between particles of two different substances.
Water is polar. Illustrate this polari…
What is a hydrogen bond? Using a diagr…
The attraction of a hydrogen atom with an electronegative ato…
105 terms
biochemistry and water
electronegativity
neutral
hydrogen bond
adhesion
affinity an atom has for electrons
total charge on a water molecule
weak bond that forms between hydrogen and oxygen
water sticks to other objects, capillary action, imbibition(s…
electronegativity
affinity an atom has for electrons
neutral
total charge on a water molecule
22 terms
Biochemistry - water
water molecules
what results in all of waters properties
biological properties of water
thermal properties of water
-line in water molecule means one shared pair of electrons... -d…
water's polarity and its ability to form hydrogen bonds
• thermal properties... • solvent properties... • cohesion and adhe…
-high heat capacity... -high specific heat... -high heat of vaporiz…
water molecules
-line in water molecule means one shared pair of electrons... -d…
what results in all of waters properties
water's polarity and its ability to form hydrogen bonds
25 terms
Biochemistry Water
polar molecule/compound
what makes a molecule polar
non-polar compound
Example of a non-polar substance
Uneven distribution of electrons.
One of the atom in a molecule that wants more electrons, pull…
It has positive and negative ends.
Oil or wax
polar molecule/compound
Uneven distribution of electrons.
what makes a molecule polar
One of the atom in a molecule that wants more electrons, pull…
19 terms
Biochemistry and Water
What is a polymer?
What is a functional group?
Hydroxyl
Carbonyl
a chain of monomers
parts of organic molecules involved in chemical reactions
-OH
-C=O
What is a polymer?
a chain of monomers
What is a functional group?
parts of organic molecules involved in chemical reactions
36 terms
Biochemistry (Water)
List the 3 physical states of water
When does water freeze?
When Does water boil?
which is less dense ice or liquid water?
Solid, liquid, and gas
32 degrees F
at 212 degrees F
Ice
List the 3 physical states of water
Solid, liquid, and gas
When does water freeze?
32 degrees F
7 terms
Biochemistry: Water
Polar molecule
Why does a polar molecule occur?
Hydrogen Bond
pH
A molecule with a slight positive charge on one side and a co…
Atoms in a molecule don't share electrons equally
The attraction of a hydrogen atom of a water molecule to an a…
"Potential of Hydrogen"... Determines how acidic or basic a solu…
Polar molecule
A molecule with a slight positive charge on one side and a co…
Why does a polar molecule occur?
Atoms in a molecule don't share electrons equally
29 terms
Biochemistry: Water
what are the monomers that make up pro…
_____ contains all the info necessary…
All life forms... (3)
biochemical reactions are all mediated…
amino acids joined by peptide bonds
DNA genome
-use the same type of biomolecules... -share common metabolic fe…
enzymes
what are the monomers that make up pro…
amino acids joined by peptide bonds
_____ contains all the info necessary…
DNA genome
29 terms
Biochemistry: Water
what are the monomers that make up pro…
_____ contains all the info necessary…
All life forms... (3)
biochemical reactions are all mediated…
amino acids joined by peptide bonds
DNA genome
-use the same type of biomolecules... -share common metabolic fe…
enzymes
what are the monomers that make up pro…
amino acids joined by peptide bonds
_____ contains all the info necessary…
DNA genome
Water & Biochemistry
Characteristics of Life
Homeostasis
Nucleus
Atoms
Growth... Reproduction... Response to external environmental stimul…
Stays the same
Center of something
The smallest units of an element
Characteristics of Life
Growth... Reproduction... Response to external environmental stimul…
Homeostasis
Stays the same
36 terms
Biochemistry (water)
Water
Can be solid liquid and gas
Biochemical cycles
Water cycle
Makes up 70 to 95% of organisms found for all lifeforms on ea…
Water is the only substance on earth
Referred to the cycling of matter
Water vapor is generated by the sun causing evaporation of th…
Water
Makes up 70 to 95% of organisms found for all lifeforms on ea…
Can be solid liquid and gas
Water is the only substance on earth
5 terms
Biochemistry (Water)
Polar Molecules
Electrolytes
Cohesion
Adhesion
have an uneven distribution of charge
dissolved ions in water
occurs between the same kind of particles
occurs between different kinds of particles
Polar Molecules
have an uneven distribution of charge
Electrolytes
dissolved ions in water
45 terms
Biochemistry/Water
Polarity
Hydrogen Bonds
Cohesion
Surface Tension
The unequal distribution of charges on a molecule.
Weak bonds (essentially "attractions") between polar molecule…
The attraction of like molecules, such as the attraction of w…
When molecules at the surface of a body of water cling tightl…
Polarity
The unequal distribution of charges on a molecule.
Hydrogen Bonds
Weak bonds (essentially "attractions") between polar molecule…
10 terms
Biochemistry: Water
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bond
Hydrogen Bond
Polar Molecules
A chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs b…
The electrostatic force of attraction between two oppositely…
A weak interaction involving a hydrogen atom and a fluorine,…
A molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed
Covalent Bond
A chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs b…
Ionic Bond
The electrostatic force of attraction between two oppositely…
12 terms
Biochemistry- water
Hydrolysis reaction
Dehydration synthesis reaction
Surface tension
Cohesion
Water is added to a large molecule to separate it into two sm…
Two small molecules are joined to form a larger molecule rele…
Caused by the cohesive forces between liquid molecules,... Also…
An attractive force between particles of the same kind
Hydrolysis reaction
Water is added to a large molecule to separate it into two sm…
Dehydration synthesis reaction
Two small molecules are joined to form a larger molecule rele…
78 terms
Biochemistry&Water
protons
neutrons
electron
atomic number
has mass
has mass
no mass
number of protons
protons
has mass
neutrons
has mass
C2 Water Biochemistry
What is the shape of a water molecule?
What is the angle between the hydrogen…
Which is more electronegative, oxygen…
What is the reason for water's bent po…
A water molecule is SP3 hybridized.
The angle is 104.5 degrees, giving water its bent shape.
Oxygen
The lone pairs on the oxygen give water its bent position. Th…
What is the shape of a water molecule?
A water molecule is SP3 hybridized.
What is the angle between the hydrogen…
The angle is 104.5 degrees, giving water its bent shape.
37 terms
Biochemistry & Water
37 degrees Celsius
Active Site
Adhesion
Amino Acids
>The point at which the efficiency of enzymes in the human bo…
>The shape of the enzymes that binds with the reactant or sub…
>The clinging of one substance to another substance; very imp…
>The building blocks of proteins
37 degrees Celsius
>The point at which the efficiency of enzymes in the human bo…
Active Site
>The shape of the enzymes that binds with the reactant or sub…
10 terms
Biochemistry - Water
Transparent
Medium for...
Polar molecule
Cohesion
Allows light to pass through enabling aquatic plants to photo…
... metabolic reactions. Important constituent of cells.
The oxygen end is slightly negative and the hydrogen is sligh…
Tall columns of water can be drawn up xylem vessels.
Transparent
Allows light to pass through enabling aquatic plants to photo…
Medium for...
... metabolic reactions. Important constituent of cells.
20 terms
Biochemistry Water
Solvent
Solute
Solution
Suspension
Liquid that is doing the dissolving of another substance.
Substance being dissolved in the solute.
Substance possessing equal distribution of material.
Temporary suspension of material
Solvent
Liquid that is doing the dissolving of another substance.
Solute
Substance being dissolved in the solute.
12 terms
Water and biochemistry
Matter
Elements
Proton
Electrons
Is anything that occupies space and has mass
Pure substance cannot be broken down
Positively charged
High energy particles that travel around the nucleus have a n…
Matter
Is anything that occupies space and has mass
Elements
Pure substance cannot be broken down
10 terms
Biochemistry: Water
Water
Biogeochemical Cycles
Water Cycle
Water is a Polar Molecule
-Supports life on Earth , is mainly found in cells, and makes…
These refer to the cycling of matter (ex. Water Cycle)
1. Water vapor is generated by the sun causing evaporation of…
- Water's polarity allows for it to makes Hydrogen Bonds easi…
Water
-Supports life on Earth , is mainly found in cells, and makes…
Biogeochemical Cycles
These refer to the cycling of matter (ex. Water Cycle)
29 terms
Biochemistry:Water
water
cohesion
adhesion
surface tension
important to life, covers 3/4 of earth, & exists in 3 states
water molecules have a strong tendency to stick to each other
water molecules stick to hydrophilic substances
measure of how difficult it is to stretch or break the surfac…
water
important to life, covers 3/4 of earth, & exists in 3 states
cohesion
water molecules have a strong tendency to stick to each other
27 terms
Biochemistry: Water
Water
Evaporation, water vapor condenses, pr…
Evapotranspiration
Electricity, four
This makes up 70-95% of all organisms, and is the only substa…
List the biogeochemical cycle in chronological order.
Evaporation of water within leaves
Water's polarity makes it a good conductor of ____________and…
Water
This makes up 70-95% of all organisms, and is the only substa…
Evaporation, water vapor condenses, pr…
List the biogeochemical cycle in chronological order.
32 terms
Biochemistry Water
Importance of water
Four properties of water that facilita…
Cohesion
Capillary action
1.) supports all life... 2.) cells are about 70-95% water... 3.) wi…
1.) cohesive behavior ... 2.) ability to moderate temperature ... 3…
Hydrogen bonds holding a substance together
An interaction between contacting surfaces that allow a liqui…
Importance of water
1.) supports all life... 2.) cells are about 70-95% water... 3.) wi…
Four properties of water that facilita…
1.) cohesive behavior ... 2.) ability to moderate temperature ... 3…
13 terms
Biochemistry - Water
Hydrogen Bond
Hydrophobic
Covalent Bond
Hydrophilic
A chemical bond in which a hydrogen atom of one molecule is a…
Tending to repel or fail to mix with water.
A chemical bond formed by the sharing of one or more electron…
Having a tendency to mix with, dissolve in, or be wetted by w…
Hydrogen Bond
A chemical bond in which a hydrogen atom of one molecule is a…
Hydrophobic
Tending to repel or fail to mix with water.
38 terms
water and biochemistry
Cohesion
Adhesion
hydrophilic
hydrophobic
water sticks to water
water stick to other things
water loving
water fearing
Cohesion
water sticks to water
Adhesion
water stick to other things
13 terms
Water and Biochemistry
Cohesion
Adhesion
Specific heat
Universal solvent
Water sticking to water
Water sticking to other molecules
The amount of heat needed to be absorbed or lost for 1 g of s…
Water is capable of dissolving a wide range of substances
Cohesion
Water sticking to water
Adhesion
Water sticking to other molecules
38 terms
Biochemistry + Water
All living organisms require water.... Ce…
element
compound
compound example
75% water.
a substance that cannot be... broken down to other substances by…
a substance consisting... of two or more different elements in a…
sodium chloride... compound of sodium (Na) and chlorine (Cl)
All living organisms require water.... Ce…
75% water.
element
a substance that cannot be... broken down to other substances by…
78 terms
Biochemistry and Water
Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
Carbohydrates (sugars&starches), fats…
to make more of us (cells), for growth…
65%
96% of all living organisms are made up of what? (4)
What are bodies made up of?
Why do we eat?
How much of your body is water?
Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
96% of all living organisms are made up of what? (4)
Carbohydrates (sugars&starches), fats…
What are bodies made up of?
12 terms
Biochemistry/Water
Compound
Organic
Inorganic
Polar Molecule
...
carbon and hydrogen link with a hydrogen bonds.
...
water molecule (water)
Compound
...
Organic
carbon and hydrogen link with a hydrogen bonds.
Biochemistry - water vocabulary
polar molecule
Non-polar molecule
Cohesion
Adhesion
a polar molecule has a slightly positive charge on one side o…
Non polar molecules are symmetrical and the charge is even al…
Like molecules stick to each other... Example: water likes to s…
One kind of molecule is attracted to another kind of molecule…
polar molecule
a polar molecule has a slightly positive charge on one side o…
Non-polar molecule
Non polar molecules are symmetrical and the charge is even al…
15 terms
Water and Biochemistry
matter
elements
atoms
compounds
-is anything that occupies space and has a mass... -how much mat…
-pure substances cannot be broken down
-the simplest part of an element which still retains the prop…
-elements bonding to become stable... -must be at least 2 atoms…
matter
-is anything that occupies space and has a mass... -how much mat…
elements
-pure substances cannot be broken down
9 terms
biochemistry and water
covalent bonds
ionic bonds
hydrolysis reaction
dehydration reaction
Electrons are not shared equally... One atom is more electronega…
when one or more electrons are transferred from one atom to a…
adding water breaks bonds in the polymers, polymers break apa…
monomers link to make polymers, water is released, take away…
covalent bonds
Electrons are not shared equally... One atom is more electronega…
ionic bonds
when one or more electrons are transferred from one atom to a…
10 terms
Biochemistry and Water
Adhesion
Cohesion
Surface tension
Capillary Action
the action or process of adhering to a surface or object
the action or fact of forming a united whole
...
...
Adhesion
the action or process of adhering to a surface or object
Cohesion
the action or fact of forming a united whole
9 terms
Biochemistry: Water
Compound
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
Hydrogen bonds
a substance formed by the combination of two or more elements
when electrons are donated/accepted
when electrons are shared
weak bonds between the (+) and (-) ends of a water molecule
Compound
a substance formed by the combination of two or more elements
Ionic Bond
when electrons are donated/accepted
9 terms
Biochemistry of Water
Cohesion
Adhesion
Solubility
Specific Heat
The ability of water molecules to stick together (i.e. hydrog…
The ability to stick easily stick to other molecules, stickin…
Water is a solvent: polar molecules dissolve in water.
Water = Specific Heat. It takes a lot of energy to heat water.
Cohesion
The ability of water molecules to stick together (i.e. hydrog…
Adhesion
The ability to stick easily stick to other molecules, stickin…
17 terms
Water and Biochemistry
Uses of water in our body
Life supporting properties of water
Cohesion
Adhesion
- homeostasis... - metabolism... - reproduction... - excretion... - trans…
-polar molecule (hydrogens are slightly positive and oxygen i…
-ability of water molecules to stick to other molecules
- the ability of water to stick to other matierals
Uses of water in our body
- homeostasis... - metabolism... - reproduction... - excretion... - trans…
Life supporting properties of water
-polar molecule (hydrogens are slightly positive and oxygen i…
11 terms
Biochemistry and water
Cohesion
Adhesion
Suspension
Isotopes
Between like molecules; polar creates surface tension
Between unlike molecules because of hydrogen bonds
Polar with non-polar does not mix forms layers
Atoms of same elements but diff. amount of neutrons
Cohesion
Between like molecules; polar creates surface tension
Adhesion
Between unlike molecules because of hydrogen bonds
16 terms
Biochemistry - Water
What is biochemistry?
What is the difference between macromo…
What type of bonds do molecules have?
What is the significance of the confor…
the study of the molecular basis of life; extension of organi…
Molecules - collection of atoms; used as cofactor, nutrient e…
Covalent bonds
geometry or shape of the molecule; determines how it will int…
What is biochemistry?
the study of the molecular basis of life; extension of organi…
What is the difference between macromo…
Molecules - collection of atoms; used as cofactor, nutrient e…
Biochemistry- Water
Hydrogen and Water atoms share electro…
Oxygen has how many protons?
How many protons does hydrogen atom ha…
With its greater positive charge, the…
Covalent Bonds
8
1
Electrical charge unevenly distributed.
Hydrogen and Water atoms share electro…
Covalent Bonds
Oxygen has how many protons?
8
Biochemistry- Water
What brings it's unique properties?
What are the properties of water?
How is water a universal solvent?
How is water adhesive?
Water is a polar molecule, which allows to hydrogen bond.
The properties of water are that it is a universal solvent, a…
Water can dissolve most polar and ionic substances.
Water sticks to other surfaces.
What brings it's unique properties?
Water is a polar molecule, which allows to hydrogen bond.
What are the properties of water?
The properties of water are that it is a universal solvent, a…
14 terms
Biochemistry (Water Vocab)
polarity
inorganic
cohesion
adhesion
a molecule that has a slight positive charge on one end and a…
a compound that does not contain Carbon
water sticking to itself b/c of hydrogen bonds
water sticking to other molecules
polarity
a molecule that has a slight positive charge on one end and a…
inorganic
a compound that does not contain Carbon
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