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Study sets matching "biol 108"

64 terms
Unit 4- Biology 108
What is the process in which ATP molec…
Photon
Photosynthesis
NADPH and ATP
Electron Transport Chain
a unit of light energy
The process by which organisms use light energy to make sugar…
are both produced by light reactions
What is the process in which ATP molec…
Electron Transport Chain
Photon
a unit of light energy
279 terms
Biology 108
Proximate Questions
Ultimate Questions
Observation plus Induction
Natural History
deal with mechanism and do not always require evolutionary th…
concerned with evolutionary origins and functions
before we can make a hypotheses, we first must observe things
documentation of appearance, behavior, distribution, etc. of…
Proximate Questions
deal with mechanism and do not always require evolutionary th…
Ultimate Questions
concerned with evolutionary origins and functions
58 terms
Biology 108 Lab 2
"Kingdom" Protista
Algae
chloroplasts
photosynthetic pigments
Anything that is not an animal, land plant or fungi
photosynthetic protists
photosynthetic organ
chlorophylls
"Kingdom" Protista
Anything that is not an animal, land plant or fungi
Algae
photosynthetic protists
Biology 108- Chapter 10
What is the function of the respirator…
What constitutes the upper respiratory…
What constitutes the lower respiratory…
Follow the flow of the air into the body
To ensure that oxygen enters the body and carbon dioxide leav…
The nasal cavities, pharynx, and larynx
The trachea, the bronchial tree, and the lungs
nasal cavity, pharynx, glottis, larynx, trachea, bronchus, br…
What is the function of the respirator…
To ensure that oxygen enters the body and carbon dioxide leav…
What constitutes the upper respiratory…
The nasal cavities, pharynx, and larynx
46 terms
Biology 108
Anatomy
Physiology
Differentiation
Morphogenesis
Scientific discipline that investigates the body's structure.
scientific investigation of the processes or functions of liv…
change in cell structure and function from generalized to spe…
change in shape of tissues, organs, and the entire organism
Anatomy
Scientific discipline that investigates the body's structure.
Physiology
scientific investigation of the processes or functions of liv…
11 terms
Biology 108
Scientific Method
What is the organization of life (Big…
What is a paradigm shift?
What is the #1 thing your cells need?
1. One makes an observation and asks questions... 2. Formulate a…
Cells - Tissue - Organ - System - Organism ... Atom - molecule -…
When ther is enough data to change the dominant view point of…
Oxygen!
Scientific Method
1. One makes an observation and asks questions... 2. Formulate a…
What is the organization of life (Big…
Cells - Tissue - Organ - System - Organism ... Atom - molecule -…
378 terms
Biology 108 terms
induction
hypotheses
deduction
correlation vs. causation
making generalizations from specific observations
observations are explained by and give raw material for _____…
the process of moving from a general rule to a specific example
having two things associated with each other doesn't mean tha…
induction
making generalizations from specific observations
hypotheses
observations are explained by and give raw material for _____…
331 terms
Biology 108 final
Monohibridos
Dihibridos
Gregorio Mendel
Genética
Mezcla de una característica
Mezcla de dos características
Padre de la Genética; Monje Austriaco
Rama de la biología que que estudia la herencia y los patrone…
Monohibridos
Mezcla de una característica
Dihibridos
Mezcla de dos características
76 terms
Biology 108- Review
*What is biology?
*What are the 3 domains?
*What are the 4 kingdoms in Eukarya?
What are the properties of life?
The scientific study of life.
Eukarya, Bacteria, Archaea
Plantae, Fungi, Animalia, Protists
Order, Regulation, Growth and Development, Energy Processing,…
*What is biology?
The scientific study of life.
*What are the 3 domains?
Eukarya, Bacteria, Archaea
52 terms
Biology 108 Final
What is microevolution?
What is Macroevolution?
What is Species?
What is allopatric specification?
changes in allele frequencies within populations.
Major changes in the history of life.
a gruop of living things that are close enough related that t…
Species evolve in geographic isolation.
What is microevolution?
changes in allele frequencies within populations.
What is Macroevolution?
Major changes in the history of life.
58 terms
Chapter 3 Biology 108
In a single molecule of water, two hyd…
The slight negative charge at one end…
An example of a hydrogen bond is the b…
Water is able to form hydrogen bonds b…
polar covalent bonds
a hydrogen bond
the H of one water molecule and the O of another water molecu…
the bonds that hold together the atoms in a water molecule ar…
In a single molecule of water, two hyd…
polar covalent bonds
The slight negative charge at one end…
a hydrogen bond
88 terms
biology 108 exam 1
what is biology
what are the 3 domains
4 Kingdoms in Eukarya
what are the properties of life
the study of life
1-Eukarya... 2-Bacteria... 3-Arche
1-Animalia(dog)... 2-Fungi(mushroom)... 3-Plantae(flower)... 4-Protist…
living; regulate themselves, have order, grow/develop, use en…
what is biology
the study of life
what are the 3 domains
1-Eukarya... 2-Bacteria... 3-Arche
62 terms
Chapter 2 Biology 108
About 25 of the 92 natural elements ar…
Trace elements are those required by a…
Three or four of the following stateme…
Which of the following statements is f…
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
iodine
Virtually all organisms require the same elements in the same…
Protons and electrons are electrically charged particles. Pro…
About 25 of the 92 natural elements ar…
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
Trace elements are those required by a…
iodine
95 terms
Biology 108 Test 2
What algal subgroup is part of major l…
What algal subgroup is part of major l…
What algal subgroups are part of the m…
What algal subgroups are part of the m…
Euglenids
Dinoflagellates
-Diatoms... -Brown Algae
-Red algae... -Green algae
What algal subgroup is part of major l…
Euglenids
What algal subgroup is part of major l…
Dinoflagellates
55 terms
Biology 108-4
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomer
Enzymes
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer. R…
A macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
Macromolecules
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
76 terms
Biology 108 Exam 2
Cell
Cell Theory
Robert Hooke
Early microscope
smallest living unit
all living hings are composed of cells ... basic unit of life... co…
looked at tree bark/ 1665
1200s Single lens... 1600s double lens
Cell
smallest living unit
Cell Theory
all living hings are composed of cells ... basic unit of life... co…
282 terms
Biology 108 Midterm
population
community
ecosystem
theory
a group of individuals of the same species
several populations
community + physical environment
unifying explanations of the natural world
population
a group of individuals of the same species
community
several populations
30 terms
Biology 108: Ch 2
matter
elements
compound
emergent properties
anything that takes up space and has mass
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
a substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
a compound has characteristics differently from those of its…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
elements
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
16 terms
Biology 108 Chapter 1
Characteristics of living organisms
Organisation of living things
Scientific Theory
Steps of Scientific Method
1. Grow & reproduce... 2. Respond to stimuli... 3. Homeostasis... 4. U…
Atom... Molecule... Cell... Tissue... Organ... Organ System... Organism... Populat…
It is thoroughly tested and scientifically supported explanat…
1. Observation... 2. Hypothesis... 3. Experiment/ Observations ... 4.…
Characteristics of living organisms
1. Grow & reproduce... 2. Respond to stimuli... 3. Homeostasis... 4. U…
Organisation of living things
Atom... Molecule... Cell... Tissue... Organ... Organ System... Organism... Populat…
36 terms
Biology 108 Final Review
A reproductive barrier that prevents h…
Postzygotic barriers
A reproductive barrier in which the of…
Differences among individuals in the c…
Postzygotic barrier
Reduced hybrid viability, reduced hybrid fertility, and hybri…
Reduced hybrid fertility
Genetic variation
A reproductive barrier that prevents h…
Postzygotic barrier
Postzygotic barriers
Reduced hybrid viability, reduced hybrid fertility, and hybri…
83 terms
Biology 108 Test 1
Levels of molecular organization
Properties of Life
Homeostasis
The different Domains
Simplest to complex; atoms to biosphere
organized, grow and reproduce, evolution, respond to environm…
keeping internal conditions (temp) constant in an organism
Eukaryotic cells- eukarya... Prokaryotic cells- archaea and bact…
Levels of molecular organization
Simplest to complex; atoms to biosphere
Properties of Life
organized, grow and reproduce, evolution, respond to environm…
200 terms
Biology 108 Final Review
An electron in the outermost electron…
A molecule (water) with an uneven dist…
A strong bond in which two atoms share…
A covalent bond between atoms that dif…
Valence electron
Polar molecule
Covalent bond
Polar covalent bond
An electron in the outermost electron…
Valence electron
A molecule (water) with an uneven dist…
Polar molecule
208 terms
Biology 108 Exam 1
Matter
Element
Compound
Trace Element
Anything that takes up space and has mass. Matter is made up…
Substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
Substance consisting of two or more elements in a fixed ratio
Those required by an organism in minute quantities
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass. Matter is made up…
Element
Substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
Biology 108- Chapter 5
Cardiovascular System
Organ system
Lungs
Kidneys
1. Includes the heart and blood vessels... 2. It brings nutrient…
different tissues that perform different functions, but all w…
get rid of gas waste
Cleaning liquid waste out of blood stream
Cardiovascular System
1. Includes the heart and blood vessels... 2. It brings nutrient…
Organ system
different tissues that perform different functions, but all w…
124 terms
Biology 108 Test 1
What is biology?
What are the three domains/groups of l…
Eukarya Domain
Bacteria Domain
is the study of life
➢ Eukarya... ➢ Baceteria... ➢ Archae
they have membrane-bound organelles, especially the nucleus,…
consists of prokaryotic cells possessing primarily diacyl gly…
What is biology?
is the study of life
What are the three domains/groups of l…
➢ Eukarya... ➢ Baceteria... ➢ Archae
12 terms
Biology Vocabulary (97-108)
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitsos
Prophase
series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
first and longest phase of mitosis in which the genetic mater…
Cell Cycle
series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
Interphase
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
29 terms
Biology 108 Test 1
Four macromolec
Proteins
protein function
primary structure
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic acids
most of bacterial cell 15%... made of polypeptide chain, amino a…
enzymes, support, transports hormones, reeptors, movement, im…
seq of amino acids... atoms present in protein chain backbone h…
Four macromolec
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic acids
Proteins
most of bacterial cell 15%... made of polypeptide chain, amino a…
70 terms
Biology 108 Final Exam
Adaptation
Evolution
Fossils
Rocks that fossils are found in
enables organisms to adjust to changes in their environment
change over time
preserved remnants or impressions left my organisms that live…
sedimentary rocks
Adaptation
enables organisms to adjust to changes in their environment
Evolution
change over time
29 terms
Biology 108 Chapter 3
What is cell theory?
Why are cells small?
What are features of a Prokaryotic cell?
What are features of Eukaryotic cells?
States that all living things are made from cells
1. Efficiency ... 2. Gives them the best volume to surface area…
1. No nucleus ... 2. Have: DNA, RNA, Ribosomes, Cytoplasm, Cell…
Have: DNA, RNA, Ribosomes, Cytoplasm, Cell Membranes
What is cell theory?
States that all living things are made from cells
Why are cells small?
1. Efficiency ... 2. Gives them the best volume to surface area…
38 terms
Introduction to Biology 108
Biology literally means..
Reproduction
Organization
Requiring
the study of life
characteristic of life
characteristic of life
characteristic of life
Biology literally means..
the study of life
Reproduction
characteristic of life
32 terms
Chapter 4 Biology 108
Organic chemistry is a science based o…
Early 19th-century scientists believed…
The experimental approach taken in cur…
One of the following people set up a c…
C) carbon compounds.
vitalism
living organisms can be living organisms can be understood in…
Stanley Miller
Organic chemistry is a science based o…
C) carbon compounds.
Early 19th-century scientists believed…
vitalism
79 terms
Biology 108 Test 1
heredity
genetics
eugenics
unfit traits (deemed by eugenics)
the process by which parents pass their qualities to their ch…
the study of heredity
the study and belief that humans can improve the human species
- promiscuity... - feeble mindedness... - alcoholism
heredity
the process by which parents pass their qualities to their ch…
genetics
the study of heredity
19 terms
Biology 108- Microscope quiz
Morphology
Whole Mount
cross sections
longitudinal sections
structure. Term used in studying structure of organisms throu…
If small enough, entire organisms are placed on the slide.
When cut perpendicular to the main axis of the... specimen
when cut parallel to the main axis
Morphology
structure. Term used in studying structure of organisms throu…
Whole Mount
If small enough, entire organisms are placed on the slide.
24 terms
Biology 108 Chapter 2
Building blocks of matter (small to la…
What is an Atom?
What are Elements?
What is Matter?
Atoms... Elements... Matter
The smallest unit of an element, atom has to retain all prope…
Basic building blocks of all matter (can't be broken down)
Anything that takes up space
Building blocks of matter (small to la…
Atoms... Elements... Matter
What is an Atom?
The smallest unit of an element, atom has to retain all prope…
335 terms
Biology 108 Exam 2
All of the following occur as a result…
Assume a thylakoid is somehow puncture…
Glucose diffuses slowly through artifi…
Organisms that exist on light and can…
E. Electrons and protons add to O2 to form water
D. The synthesis of ATP
E. Facilitated diffusion
A. autotrophs........heterotrophs
All of the following occur as a result…
E. Electrons and protons add to O2 to form water
Assume a thylakoid is somehow puncture…
D. The synthesis of ATP
34 terms
UMKC Biology 108 Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
a metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
a metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
168 terms
Biology 108 - Unit 2
Is the catabolism of glucose endergoni…
Is the catabolism of glucose spontaneo…
Done the catabolism of glucose have a…
What type of cell division does an ani…
Exergonic
Spontaneous
Negative delta G
Mitosis
Is the catabolism of glucose endergoni…
Exergonic
Is the catabolism of glucose spontaneo…
Spontaneous
27 terms
Biology 108 Chapter 5 UMKC
Carbohydrate
Protein
Nucleic Acid
Lipid ( triglyceride)
Composed of monosaccharides; glycosidic bond
Composed of amino acids; Peptide bond
Composed of nucleotides; phosphodiester bond
Composed of glycerol and 3 fatty acids; ester bond
Carbohydrate
Composed of monosaccharides; glycosidic bond
Protein
Composed of amino acids; Peptide bond
60 terms
Biology 108 lab 6
An organism that cannot synthesize its…
The type of movement that amoebae's us…
A membrane bound organelle where food…
Organelles that help to regulate cellu…
Heterotrophic
Pseudopodia
Food Vacuole
Contractile Vacuoles
An organism that cannot synthesize its…
Heterotrophic
The type of movement that amoebae's us…
Pseudopodia
112 terms
Biology 108 Final Exam
What is microevolution
What is macroevolution
What is a species
What is allopatric speciation
The change in allele frequencies that occur over time within…
evolution on a scale of separated gene pools. Macroevolutiona…
A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals…
geographic speciation, Speciation that occurs when biological…
What is microevolution
The change in allele frequencies that occur over time within…
What is macroevolution
evolution on a scale of separated gene pools. Macroevolutiona…
51 terms
Unit IIB Biology 108
If a chemical reaction in a cell is en…
Which of the following terms belongs w…
A cell containing 92 chromatids at met…
Consider the energy diagram at the rig…
B
B
D
E
If a chemical reaction in a cell is en…
B
Which of the following terms belongs w…
B
50 terms
Unit IIA Biology 108
All of the following occur as a result…
Assume a thylakoid is somehow puncture…
Glucose diffuses slowly through artifi…
Organisms that exist on light and can…
E
D
E
A
All of the following occur as a result…
E
Assume a thylakoid is somehow puncture…
D
30 terms
Biology 108 Chapter 15
What are sensory receptors?
What are exteroceptors?
What are Interoceptors?
What are the four types of sensory rec…
Dendrites specialized to detect certain types of stimuli
They detect stimuli from outside the body
They receive stimuli from inside the body
1. Chemoreceptors - taste & smell... 2. Photoreceptors - Rod Cel…
What are sensory receptors?
Dendrites specialized to detect certain types of stimuli
What are exteroceptors?
They detect stimuli from outside the body
23 terms
Biology 108 Exam 3
What are the differences between RNA a…
How do the bases pair in a DNA strand?
What is a mutation? What can cause a m…
What are the four nucleotide bases for…
DNA: Deoxyribonucleic acid, an organisms genetic information.…
Adenine and thymine, guanine and cytosine.
Mutation: Any change in the nucleotide sequence of DNA... Mutati…
DNA: Adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine... RNA: Adenine, cy…
What are the differences between RNA a…
DNA: Deoxyribonucleic acid, an organisms genetic information.…
How do the bases pair in a DNA strand?
Adenine and thymine, guanine and cytosine.
107 terms
Biology 108 / Mader
Cardiovascular System
Functions of Cardiovascular System
Lymphatic System
Artery
- Consists of the heart, pumps blood. ... - The blood vessels, b…
- Contractions of heart generate blood pressure, moves blood…
Assists collecting excess tissue fluid to return to CvS. Also…
transports blood away from heart
Cardiovascular System
- Consists of the heart, pumps blood. ... - The blood vessels, b…
Functions of Cardiovascular System
- Contractions of heart generate blood pressure, moves blood…
49 terms
Unit IIC Biology 108
1. A yeast sample is characterized in…
2. Which of the following statements a…
4. When a muscle cell has a shortage o…
5. The mechanism of action for an enzy…
C
E
B
D
1. A yeast sample is characterized in…
C
2. Which of the following statements a…
E
81 terms
Biology 108: Endocrine Hormones
GH is secreted by what gland/cell?
GH target cells?
GH effects at the target site?
What begins the synthesis of GH?
Somatroph, anterior pituitary
muscle, bone, liver
synthesis/secretion of insulin-like growth factors (IGF)., in…
GHRH (growth hormone releasing hormone) from the hypothalamus
GH is secreted by what gland/cell?
Somatroph, anterior pituitary
GH target cells?
muscle, bone, liver
Biology 108: Exam 1
Defining Life
Characteristics of Life
Order & Organization
Homeostasis
Evolution of all organisms from a single living ancestor, com…
1) Order/organization... 2) Regulation... 3) Growth and Development…
Complex, nonrandom, disorganization = death, directed by DNA
Maintenance of internal conditions within a narrow range
Defining Life
Evolution of all organisms from a single living ancestor, com…
Characteristics of Life
1) Order/organization... 2) Regulation... 3) Growth and Development…
57 terms
Biology BI108
What maintains interactions between li…
What determines how macro molecules' i…
What are the worlds for proteins?
How do optimal isomers occur?
Hydrophobic Forces
Functional Groups
Peptide, Protein, Polypeptide, Dipeptide
When a central atom has 4 different atoms on it.
What maintains interactions between li…
Hydrophobic Forces
What determines how macro molecules' i…
Functional Groups
20 terms
Biology 108 Lab 10 Taxonomy
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Echinodermata
Class Asteroidea
Class Ophiuroidea
Echinoderms
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Echinodermata
Echinoderms
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