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Study sets matching "biol102"

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Study sets matching "biol102"

107 terms
Biology 102
Biology
Ecology
Biome
Community
Study of living things
Study of ecosystems
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
Biology
Study of living things
Ecology
Study of ecosystems
76 terms
Biology 102
Modern Theory of Evolution
Lamarkism
Charles Darwin
Natural selection
Evolution, also known as descent with modification, is the ch…
the idea that an organism can pass on characteristics that it…
established that all species of life have descended over time…
the gradual process by which heritable biological traits beco…
Modern Theory of Evolution
Evolution, also known as descent with modification, is the ch…
Lamarkism
the idea that an organism can pass on characteristics that it…
132 terms
Biology 102
Structure of life
Definition of Life
Evolution is the outcome of what natur…
Eukaryotic Cells
Ecosystem... Community... Population... Organism... Organ System... Organ... Ti…
*acquire and use materials and energy... *Actively maintain orga…
1) Differences in DNA among a population... 2) Inheritance of th…
Have a "true" membrane enclosed nucleus
Structure of life
Ecosystem... Community... Population... Organism... Organ System... Organ... Ti…
Definition of Life
*acquire and use materials and energy... *Actively maintain orga…
80 terms
Biology 102
bright-field microscopy
phase contrast microscopy
differential interference-contrast mic…
transmission electron microscopy
light passes directly through cells; can be used in unstained…
differences in cells enhanced due to refraction
polarized light makes cells look like a shadow exists
magnets focus beams of electrons on objects; regions of cells…
bright-field microscopy
light passes directly through cells; can be used in unstained…
phase contrast microscopy
differences in cells enhanced due to refraction
150 terms
Biology 102
reproduction
asexual reproduction
budding
fragmentation
the creation of new individuals from existing ones
reproducing without sex is the creation of genetically identi…
splitting off new individuals from outgrowths of existing ones
the breaking of the parent body into several pieces
reproduction
the creation of new individuals from existing ones
asexual reproduction
reproducing without sex is the creation of genetically identi…
10 terms
Biology 102
Father of heredity
When did Mendal study heredity?
What did Mendal experement on?
What is the difference between Dominan…
Mendal
Late 1800
Pea plants
Recesive traits dissapear against Dominant traits
Father of heredity
Mendal
When did Mendal study heredity?
Late 1800
179 terms
Biology 102
What is the difference between a eukar…
What features do ALL cells share? Revi…
What causes mad cow disease?
What is a prion?
Eukaryote is animal cells and plant cells... Prokaryotic cells a…
• Cell membrane... • Contain DNA... • Ribosomes... • Cytoplasm
BSE is an interesting disease from a medical standpoint becau…
It is an infectious protein that is similar to a virus, but n…
What is the difference between a eukar…
Eukaryote is animal cells and plant cells... Prokaryotic cells a…
What features do ALL cells share? Revi…
• Cell membrane... • Contain DNA... • Ribosomes... • Cytoplasm
30 terms
Chapter 2 - Biology 102
Biology definition:
The seven properties of life
--Life's levels
The Three Domains of life:
the science of life or living matter in all its forms and phe…
1-Order: the shape and the structure ... 2-Regulation: the envir…
1-Biosphere, 2-Ecosystem, 3-communities, 4-populations, 5-org…
1-Bacteria: have prokaryotic cells ... 2- Archaea: have prokaryo…
Biology definition:
the science of life or living matter in all its forms and phe…
The seven properties of life
1-Order: the shape and the structure ... 2-Regulation: the envir…
91 terms
Biology 102 Midterm
Domains of LIfe
Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution
Hierarchical Levels of Organization of…
Atoms
#1) Archea - prokaryotes, single-celled, microscopic (e.g. ha…
• all living things descended from a single common ancestor t…
#1) Atoms... #2) Molecules... #3) Organelles... #4) Cells... #5) Tissue... #…
• all matter is made up of _____
Domains of LIfe
#1) Archea - prokaryotes, single-celled, microscopic (e.g. ha…
Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution
• all living things descended from a single common ancestor t…
80 terms
Biology 102 Unit 2
anatomy
physiology
renal
neurophyiology
the study of the structure of body parts and their relationsh…
the study of the function of the body's structural machinery
kidney function
workings of the nervous system
anatomy
the study of the structure of body parts and their relationsh…
physiology
the study of the function of the body's structural machinery
76 terms
Biology 102
Modern Theory of Evolution
Lamarkism
Charles Darwin
Natural selection
Evolution, also known as descent with modification, is the ch…
the idea that an organism can pass on characteristics that it…
established that all species of life have descended over time…
the gradual process by which heritable biological traits beco…
Modern Theory of Evolution
Evolution, also known as descent with modification, is the ch…
Lamarkism
the idea that an organism can pass on characteristics that it…
89 terms
biology 102 lp
P. Basidiomycota; Agaricus
P. Basidiomycota; puffball
P. Basidiomycota; pore fungus
P. Basidiomycota; Bracket Fungus
P. Basidiomycota; Agaricus
P. Basidiomycota; puffball
72 terms
Biology 102
Competitive Inhibition
What do you think of when you think of…
Work
What gives cell membranes fluidity?
Proteins Secreting Molecules
Energy is the capacity to do work
Is the transfer of energy to an object causing it to move
Phospholipids
Competitive Inhibition
Proteins Secreting Molecules
What do you think of when you think of…
Energy is the capacity to do work
227 terms
Biology 102
Ligase
Phosphofructokinase
Primase
G1
Joins okazaki fragments on lagging strand in DNA
Allosterically regulated by ATP in glycolysis (feedback regul…
Creates starting point for RNA to begin replication
First growth phase of Interphase
Ligase
Joins okazaki fragments on lagging strand in DNA
Phosphofructokinase
Allosterically regulated by ATP in glycolysis (feedback regul…
183 terms
Biology 102
Unity
Diversity
Biodiversity
Phylogenic Trees
From a common ancestor: common properties and processes found…
From ecological circumstances & accumulated ancestory
Cumulative effects of speciation and extinciton: accumulated…
Used to contruct shared characteristics
Unity
From a common ancestor: common properties and processes found…
Diversity
From ecological circumstances & accumulated ancestory
181 terms
Biology 102
Sporopollenin
Alternation of Generations
Gametophyte
Sporophyte
A durable polymer that covers exposed zygotes of charophyte a…
A life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
In organisms (plants and some algae) that have alternation of…
In organisms (plants and some algae) that have alternation of…
Sporopollenin
A durable polymer that covers exposed zygotes of charophyte a…
Alternation of Generations
A life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
50 terms
Biology 102
Sex Pheromone
Androgens
Pituitary Gland
Seminiferous Tubules
chemical released by one sex that elicits a behavioral respon…
male sex hormones
The endocrine system's most influential gland. Under the infl…
Narrow, coiled tubules that produce sperm in the testes.
Sex Pheromone
chemical released by one sex that elicits a behavioral respon…
Androgens
male sex hormones
104 terms
Biology 102 Test 1
4.5 billion years ago
4.0 to 3.0 billion years ago
3.5 billion years ago
1.5 billion years ago
Earth forms
Origin of life
Oldest prokaryotic organisms
Earliest eukaryotic organisms
4.5 billion years ago
Earth forms
4.0 to 3.0 billion years ago
Origin of life
12 terms
biology 102
plants
alternation of generations
sporophyte
gametophyte
multicellular photosynthetic eukaryotes adapted to life on la…
life cycle for plants in which a multicellular diploid (2n) g…
diploid (2n) generation produces haploid spores
haploid (n) generation that produces gametes
plants
multicellular photosynthetic eukaryotes adapted to life on la…
alternation of generations
life cycle for plants in which a multicellular diploid (2n) g…
20 terms
Biology 102
Reproduction
Heredity
Mitosis
Meiosis
The process of producing a new generation of cells.
The passing of information from one generation to the next.
A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
Reproduction
The process of producing a new generation of cells.
Heredity
The passing of information from one generation to the next.
178 terms
Biology 102
Life
Smallest to Largest
Homestasis
Emergent Properties
Organized, Energy, Homeostasis, Evolution, Development, Repro…
Atoms, Molecules, Organelles, Cells, Tissues, Organs
Maintaining Internal Consistency
Collection of successively smaller parts that interact to cre…
Life
Organized, Energy, Homeostasis, Evolution, Development, Repro…
Smallest to Largest
Atoms, Molecules, Organelles, Cells, Tissues, Organs
78 terms
Biology 102
"Nothing in biology makes sense except…
Fixity of species
Linnaeus
Cuvier
T. Dobzhansky
organisms never change.. Aristole and Plato
Nested Classification 1700s
Paleontologist found strata and catastrophism
"Nothing in biology makes sense except…
T. Dobzhansky
Fixity of species
organisms never change.. Aristole and Plato
73 terms
BIOLOGY 102
LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION
COMPOUND
4 MAJOR ELEMENTS FOR LIFE
ATOMS ARE MADE UP OF SUBATOMIC PARTICL…
ATOM, MOLECULES, CELL, TISSUE, ORGAN, BODY SYSTEM, ORGANISM,…
SUBSTANCE CONSISTING OF 2 OR MORE ELEMENTS.
CARBON, HYDROGEN, OXYGEN, NITROGEN.
PROTONS, NEUTRONS, ELECTRONS.
LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION
ATOM, MOLECULES, CELL, TISSUE, ORGAN, BODY SYSTEM, ORGANISM,…
COMPOUND
SUBSTANCE CONSISTING OF 2 OR MORE ELEMENTS.
Biology 102
What are the 5 characteristics of life?
The hierarchy of life
Cell
DNA
1. Organized, 2. Develops, grows, and reproduces, 3. Evolves,…
atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system,…
The fundamental unit at which all of life's activities are pe…
Molecule that directs growth and development, and ultimately…
What are the 5 characteristics of life?
1. Organized, 2. Develops, grows, and reproduces, 3. Evolves,…
The hierarchy of life
atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system,…
57 terms
Biology 102
Very small time lag (rT)
Medium time lag (rT)
Tragedy of the commons
Maximum yield
No change in standard growth
Cyclical
Short term gain undercuts long term yield
When N=K/2
Very small time lag (rT)
No change in standard growth
Medium time lag (rT)
Cyclical
128 terms
Biology 102 Test 3
All animals are
Fungi digest their food
Many animals have what kind of life cy…
Within the animal lineage there are tw…
Multicellular and Neterotrophic
Externally and absorb nutrients
Diploid
Invertebrates and vertebrates
All animals are
Multicellular and Neterotrophic
Fungi digest their food
Externally and absorb nutrients
97 terms
Biology 102
What are the 3 types of Sub-atomic Par…
What are the components of a multicell…
Atoms:
Molecules:
Protons, Neutrons and Electrons
Subatomic particles, Atoms, Molecule, Organelles, Cells, Tiss…
Smallest unit of matter; it has both mass and space
Specific arrangements of atoms, two or more chemically joined…
What are the 3 types of Sub-atomic Par…
Protons, Neutrons and Electrons
What are the components of a multicell…
Subatomic particles, Atoms, Molecule, Organelles, Cells, Tiss…
Biology 102: Exam 3
Cell
DNA
The Central Dogma
Atom
-the fundamental unit of life... -every living thing has it... -cel…
-Polymer of a nucleotide.... -consists of a phosphate group, a d…
DNA -> RNA -> Protein
-the fundamental unit of matter... -made of protons(+), neutrons…
Cell
-the fundamental unit of life... -every living thing has it... -cel…
DNA
-Polymer of a nucleotide.... -consists of a phosphate group, a d…
56 terms
Biology 102 Exam 2
how DNA is replicated
names associated with the discovery of…
DNA double-helix structure
differences between DNA and RNA
The double helix is unwound and each strand acts as a templat…
James Watson... Francis Crick... Maurice Wilkins... Rosalind Franklin
A DNA molecule consists of two strands that wind around each…
-Function: information in DNA determines which traits are to…
how DNA is replicated
The double helix is unwound and each strand acts as a templat…
names associated with the discovery of…
James Watson... Francis Crick... Maurice Wilkins... Rosalind Franklin
96 terms
Biology 102 Unit 1
Cells
Central dogma
change from DNA to RNA
Change from RNA to protein
basic units of life
genetic flow of cells
Transcription
translation
Cells
basic units of life
Central dogma
genetic flow of cells
11 terms
Biology 102
Biosphere
Biome
Ecosystem
Community
Zone of life on earth
A major category of ecosystem
A community interacting with its abiotic environment
Population of different species inhabiting a local area
Biosphere
Zone of life on earth
Biome
A major category of ecosystem
Biology 102: Exam 1
Phylogenetic tree and its uses
Descent with modification
Relatedness (as understood by evolutio…
Taxonomic rank
-A branching diagram that represents a hypothesis about the e…
-evolution that is represented on the phylogenetic tree.
-the recency of ancestry. It is not the same as similarity
-Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species... -taxa=…
Phylogenetic tree and its uses
-A branching diagram that represents a hypothesis about the e…
Descent with modification
-evolution that is represented on the phylogenetic tree.
104 terms
Biology 102 Test 1
4.5 billion years ago
4.0 to 3.0 billion years ago
3.5 billion years ago
1.5 billion years ago
Earth forms
Origin of life
Oldest prokaryotic organisms
Earliest eukaryotic organisms
4.5 billion years ago
Earth forms
4.0 to 3.0 billion years ago
Origin of life
18 terms
Biology 102
Morals
Ethics
Concept of enlightened self interest
For views on environmental issues
Reflect the predominant feelings of a culture about ethical i…
Seeks to define fundamentally what is right and what is wrong…
Do what's right because it will benefit you not because you w…
1. Some people believe there is a situation and it is serious…
Morals
Reflect the predominant feelings of a culture about ethical i…
Ethics
Seeks to define fundamentally what is right and what is wrong…
83 terms
Biology 102
Adaptation
Four Scientific Evidence Topics
Evolution
Convergent Evolution
Inherited characteristic of an organism that enhances its sur…
Drug Resistance, Fossil Record, Homology, and Biogeography
Descent with modification; the idea that living species are d…
The evolution of similar features in independent evolutionary…
Adaptation
Inherited characteristic of an organism that enhances its sur…
Four Scientific Evidence Topics
Drug Resistance, Fossil Record, Homology, and Biogeography
Classification of Animals (Biology 102)
Lobed-finned fish
Spider
Planaria
Snail
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Animalia... Subkingdom: Eumatozoa... Phylu…
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Animalia... Subkingdom: Eumatozoa... Phylu…
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Animalia... Subkingdom: Eumatozoa... Phylu…
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Animalia... Subkingdom: Eumatozoa... Phylu…
Lobed-finned fish
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Animalia... Subkingdom: Eumatozoa... Phylu…
Spider
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Animalia... Subkingdom: Eumatozoa... Phylu…
43 terms
Biology 102
structural organization, need for ener…
how we get info in bio
Observation... Question... Hypothesis... Predic…
tested many time and found to be true
Characteristic of living organisms
Importance of scientific process
Scientific Process Steps
Theory
structural organization, need for ener…
Characteristic of living organisms
how we get info in bio
Importance of scientific process
32 terms
Biology 102
Complete Dominance
incomplete dominance
codominance
polygenic traits
only the dominant alleles protein is produced
a little of each alleles protein is produced
a lot of each alleles protein is produced
multiple genes determine a single trait
Complete Dominance
only the dominant alleles protein is produced
incomplete dominance
a little of each alleles protein is produced
6 terms
Biology 102
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
The cell grows and replicates its DNA and centrioles
The chromatin condenses into chromosomes. The centrioles sepa…
The chromosomes line up across the center of the cell. Each c…
The sister chromatids separate into individual chromosomes an…
Interphase
The cell grows and replicates its DNA and centrioles
Prophase
The chromatin condenses into chromosomes. The centrioles sepa…
54 terms
Biology 102
Animal
Embryogenesis
Animal Phylogeny based on body features
Body cavity
Eukaryotic multicellular heterotrophic organisms that obtain…
Zygote,- sperm and egg fuse... blastula,-Hollow ball of cells th…
Radial symmetry-Identical all around a central axis... Bilateral…
fluid filled space separating the digestive tract from the ou…
Animal
Eukaryotic multicellular heterotrophic organisms that obtain…
Embryogenesis
Zygote,- sperm and egg fuse... blastula,-Hollow ball of cells th…
44 terms
biology 102
archaebacteria
eubacteria
Protista
Plantae
prokaryotic, no cell nucleus, no membrane organism
simplc cells true bacteria
single celled organism, animal and plant like characteristics
multicellular eukaryotic
archaebacteria
prokaryotic, no cell nucleus, no membrane organism
eubacteria
simplc cells true bacteria
22 terms
Biology 102
Herbivore
Carnivore
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Organism that eats only producers... Sheep, redpoll
An organism that eats only animals... Lions, wolf, golden eagles
Use photosynthesis... Algae, diatom
organism that eat autotrophs... ALL ANIMALS
Herbivore
Organism that eats only producers... Sheep, redpoll
Carnivore
An organism that eats only animals... Lions, wolf, golden eagles
76 terms
WSU Biology 102 3rd Exam
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Ribonucleic acid
Nucleotide
Rule of Base Pairing
DNA = deoxyribonucleic acid... - Deoxyribose - sugar... - Nucleic -…
Ribonucleic Acid ... - Ribose-sugar... - Moves from Nucleus, to Rib…
Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, Cytosine (Uracil replaces Thymine…
"Rule of base pairing":... • A always pairs with T (A is "comple…
Deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA = deoxyribonucleic acid... - Deoxyribose - sugar... - Nucleic -…
Ribonucleic acid
Ribonucleic Acid ... - Ribose-sugar... - Moves from Nucleus, to Rib…
Biology 102
The stem has scattered vascular bundles
There would be a fibrous root system
There are 4 sepals on the flower
There are 6 petals on the flower
monocots
momocots
dicots
monocots
The stem has scattered vascular bundles
monocots
There would be a fibrous root system
momocots
19 terms
Biology 102
violet
pink
binary fission
capsid
When treated with Gram stain, Gram-positive eubacteria appear
When treated with Gram stain, Gram- negative eubacteria appear
bacteria reproduce asexually by using
the outer protein coat of a virus
violet
When treated with Gram stain, Gram-positive eubacteria appear
pink
When treated with Gram stain, Gram- negative eubacteria appear
89 terms
Biology 102 test 2
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons
Dendrite
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
Nerve cells. They carry electrical messages from one area of…
The branched part of the neuron that receives incoming messag…
Central nervous system
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Peripheral nervous system
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
Biology 102
Fitness
Evolution
Population
Natural selection
The ability to survive and reproduce in a particular environm…
An alleles frequency to change over time
A group of organisms of the same species living together in t…
Differential survival and reproduction of individuals within…
Fitness
The ability to survive and reproduce in a particular environm…
Evolution
An alleles frequency to change over time
Biology 102
Central dogma
3 reason central dogma works well for…
( MRNA)
Ribosome
DNA. Nucleic acid... |. Transcription... RNA... |. Translation... pro…
1. Get information on gene out of the nucleus into cytoplasm…
Messenger rna leaves nucleus throught a pore in nuclear membr…
Found on rought ER or in cytoplasm.
Central dogma
DNA. Nucleic acid... |. Transcription... RNA... |. Translation... pro…
3 reason central dogma works well for…
1. Get information on gene out of the nucleus into cytoplasm…
7 terms
Biology 102
homozygous
heterozygous
genotype
phenotype
matching pair (same) of genes
unmatching pairs (different) of genes
genetic makeup of an organism
physical appearance of an organism
homozygous
matching pair (same) of genes
heterozygous
unmatching pairs (different) of genes
17 terms
Biology 102
Jean Baptist de Lamarck
Charles Darwin
Charles Lyell
Homologies
Believed in gradual changes in organisms over long perdiods o…
Beagle!... Finches: beaks shapes reflected diets
Author of principle of geology ... Concluded that slow steady o…
Evidence of descent from common ancestor
Jean Baptist de Lamarck
Believed in gradual changes in organisms over long perdiods o…
Charles Darwin
Beagle!... Finches: beaks shapes reflected diets
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