Study sets matching "biol228"

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Study sets matching "biol228"

84 terms
Biology 228 - Exam 2
What is a biogeochemical cycle?
Pool
Fluxes
What ranking is carbon in most abundan…
Movement of elements [carbon,nitrogen.phosphorous, sulfur] in…
Element resevoir
rates of movements, movements affect ecosystem function
4th
What is a biogeochemical cycle?
Movement of elements [carbon,nitrogen.phosphorous, sulfur] in…
Pool
Element resevoir
79 terms
Biology 228 - Final
How long ago was Cambrian period?... What…
How long ago was Pleistocene?... What was…
What data is used to reconstruct the h…
How can you tell if a period was reall…
500 million years ago... 22C
50,000 years ago... -6C
Dendrochronology (Tree Ring Analysis) [oldest 11850 BP]... Paleo…
If the trees had wide diameter conducting cells.... Align wood s…
How long ago was Cambrian period?... What…
500 million years ago... 22C
How long ago was Pleistocene?... What was…
50,000 years ago... -6C
59 terms
Biology 228 - Lab Final
Trophic Levels
Periodicity
Species identification... Geological form…
Community Classification
Food chain. Describes source of energy and relationships to o…
Timing, see the weather of different seasons
...
Communities are classified by dominant vegetation... Inwood: Oak…
Trophic Levels
Food chain. Describes source of energy and relationships to o…
Periodicity
Timing, see the weather of different seasons
54 terms
Biology 228 - Lab Exam 1
****Carbon Footprint
****Ways to reduce footprint
Geographic Information System (GIS)
Inputs and Outputs of GIS system
Amount of CO2 released from direct or indirect human activity…
1) Riding a bike... 2) Reduce electricity... 3) Less garbage
A system used to model a species niche and predict potential…
Output: niche and where they can go... Input: Location, localities
****Carbon Footprint
Amount of CO2 released from direct or indirect human activity…
****Ways to reduce footprint
1) Riding a bike... 2) Reduce electricity... 3) Less garbage
92 terms
Biology 228 exam 1
Ecology
How to name organisms
Sub-fields of ecology
2 most important factors that effect s…
the study of the relations between species and their environm…
Genus> specific epithet>the author>the year... the year and the…
Auteology... Population ecology... Community ecology... Landscape ecol…
temperature and humidity
Ecology
the study of the relations between species and their environm…
How to name organisms
Genus> specific epithet>the author>the year... the year and the…
Biology 228 Final
4 basic types of tissues
Nervous Tissue Function & Location
Muscle Tissue Function & Location
Epithelial Tissue Function & Location
Nervous Tissue, Muscle Tissue, Epithelial Tissue & Connective…
Function: ... Internal Communication... Location:... Brain, Spinal co…
Function: ... Contracts to cause movement... Location: ... Muscles att…
Function: ... Forms boundaries between different environments, p…
4 basic types of tissues
Nervous Tissue, Muscle Tissue, Epithelial Tissue & Connective…
Nervous Tissue Function & Location
Function: ... Internal Communication... Location:... Brain, Spinal co…
Biology 228 Final
Abdominal Cavity
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Cranial Cavity
Diaphragm
Location: Abdominal Region... Major organs include: stomach, int…
Location: Trunk, between thoracic and pelvic diaphragms... Conti…
Location: Skull... Description:... Space in skull that contains bra…
Action:... Dome of diaphragm flattens during inspiration... Contrac…
Abdominal Cavity
Location: Abdominal Region... Major organs include: stomach, int…
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Location: Trunk, between thoracic and pelvic diaphragms... Conti…
Biology 228 Lab
What are ice ages?
What are glacial periods?
What are interglacial periods?
What are kettles?
long periods of time (often millions of years) where mean glo…
periods in an ice age where mean global temperature is low en…
periods in an ice age where higher temperatures cause ice she…
abundant temporary and permanent ponds many of which were cre…
What are ice ages?
long periods of time (often millions of years) where mean glo…
What are glacial periods?
periods in an ice age where mean global temperature is low en…
Biology 228 Lab Exam
Coccus
Bacillus
Spirochete
Cyanobacteria
0.5-1.0 micrometers, non-motile, circular shape
0.5x2 micrometers to 5x10 micrometers, rod shaped, many are m…
single, spiral, motile
oxygenic phototrophs, chlorophyll as primary photosynthetic,…
Coccus
0.5-1.0 micrometers, non-motile, circular shape
Bacillus
0.5x2 micrometers to 5x10 micrometers, rod shaped, many are m…
Biology 228 IV Test; Metabolism
= a general term embracing all the myr…
= the biosynthetic building-up phase
= the degradative breaking down phase
Characteristics of Enzymes
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
• speeds up rates of reactions (catalyst), usually in only on…
= a general term embracing all the myr…
Metabolism
= the biosynthetic building-up phase
Anabolism
Biology 228 Test IV; practice review questions
Where does glycolysis occur?
Where does the Kreb's cycle occur?
What is the NET production of ATP in a…
How many ATP's are produced outright/d…
cytoplasm
matrix of the mitochondrion
4
2
Where does glycolysis occur?
cytoplasm
Where does the Kreb's cycle occur?
matrix of the mitochondrion
28 terms
Locomotion(pg 227-228) index cards - Biology
Ball and socket joints
Biceps
bones
cardiac muscle
located at the hip and shoulder ; permit circular movement
forearm to make arm bend
type of connective tissue
causes heart to beat
Ball and socket joints
located at the hip and shoulder ; permit circular movement
Biceps
forearm to make arm bend
90 terms
Biology 228 Test 1 NIC sp2015
Physiology of Vision
Basics of vision
Photoreception
Light and Dark Adaptation
Basics: Visible Light - 400-700 nm part of the electromagneti…
Visible light: the 400-700 nm part of the electromagnetic spe…
Functional Anatomy: modified neurons built like inverted colu…
Light - photoreceptor bleaching: even a tiny amount of light…
Physiology of Vision
Basics: Visible Light - 400-700 nm part of the electromagneti…
Basics of vision
Visible light: the 400-700 nm part of the electromagnetic spe…
24 terms
Blood Pressure Review Questions for Exam #1: Biology 228 Lecture
the force exerted on the wall of a blo…
blood flow
blood pressure
resistance
what exactly is measured when one measures "blood pressure"?
what is the term used to describe the volume of blood flowing…
what is a term used to describe the force per unit area exert…
what is the term used to describe the opposition to blood flo…
the force exerted on the wall of a blo…
what exactly is measured when one measures "blood pressure"?
blood flow
what is the term used to describe the volume of blood flowing…
Biology 228 Lab Week 6 (quiz for week 7)
Cellular Respiration
Respiratory System
Respiration has how many phases?
Respiration - 4 Phases-- what are they?
Body cells require a constant supply of oxygen... As cells use o…
Major role is to supply the body with oxygen and dispose of c…
4
Pulmonary ventilation, external respiration, transport of res…
Cellular Respiration
Body cells require a constant supply of oxygen... As cells use o…
Respiratory System
Major role is to supply the body with oxygen and dispose of c…
56 terms
BHSD228 2015 Honors Biology S2 Final Review
Surface area of a cell
Volume of a cell
You can see chromosomes during the G1…
You can see chromosomes when they are…
l x w x 6
L x w x h
False
False
Surface area of a cell
l x w x 6
Volume of a cell
L x w x h
BIOL228 - Fish 2016
Myxiniformes
Cephalasidomorphi (Petromyzontiformes)
Anadromous
Chondrichthyes
Hagfishes... -Superclass Agnatha, Subphylum Vertebrata... - single…
Lampreys... - superclass Agnatha, subphylum vertebrata... -single g…
Move between fresh and salt water
Sharks, skates, rays and chimaeras (class)... - superclass Gnath…
Myxiniformes
Hagfishes... -Superclass Agnatha, Subphylum Vertebrata... - single…
Cephalasidomorphi (Petromyzontiformes)
Lampreys... - superclass Agnatha, subphylum vertebrata... -single g…
University of Saskatchewan Bio 228 Midterm Lec 3
Marine System
Freshwater systems
Phosphate
Ferrous Iron
N, P, Fe, and Si are potential limiting nutrients
N, P, and Si are potential limiting nutrients
For energy transfer (ATP), nucleic acid synthesis and cell me…
Used to fix nitrogen (N2) and other functions in bacteria and…
Marine System
N, P, Fe, and Si are potential limiting nutrients
Freshwater systems
N, P, and Si are potential limiting nutrients
BIOL228 Mammals
What three subclasses are within the M…
Only two species of monotremes?
What is an egg tooth and which subclas…
Key features of Monotremes
Eutheria (placental)... Metatheria (marsupials)... Prototheria (mon…
Echidna... Platypus
Structure used to break open the egg once the young is mature…
Lay eggs... Highly modified beaks... No teeth as adults... Legs on the…
What three subclasses are within the M…
Eutheria (placental)... Metatheria (marsupials)... Prototheria (mon…
Only two species of monotremes?
Echidna... Platypus
BIOL228 Reptiles
What are amniotes
What are anamniotes
In what period did Reptiles arise?
What's an anapsid skull and which orde…
Adapted to laying eggs on land or retention of eggs in the fe…
Lay eggs in water... Fish and Amphibians
Carboniferous (~300mya)
-Lacking a fenestrae... -Testustines (turtles and tortoises)
What are amniotes
Adapted to laying eggs on land or retention of eggs in the fe…
What are anamniotes
Lay eggs in water... Fish and Amphibians
Univserity of Saskatchewan BIO 228 Post Midterm Lecture 4
Trophic structure
Food chain
Trophic level
Producers
determines the route that energy flows through the ecosystem
the sequence of food transfers from trophic level to trophic…
A link in the food chain.
organisms that make organic food molecules from CO2, H2O and…
Trophic structure
determines the route that energy flows through the ecosystem
Food chain
the sequence of food transfers from trophic level to trophic…
University of Saskatchewan Bio 228 Post midterm
Ecosystems
Ecosystem ecology
Energy flow
Chemical cycling
all the organisms in a given area, along with the nonliving (…
studies the flow of energy and chemical cycling in habitats,…
passage of energy through the components of an ecosystem
unlike energy flow, chemical cycling involves the cellular (r…
Ecosystems
all the organisms in a given area, along with the nonliving (…
Ecosystem ecology
studies the flow of energy and chemical cycling in habitats,…
University of Saskatchewan Bio 228 Midterm
Ecology
Environment
Relationships
Resources
The scientific study of the relationships between organisms a…
- External factors that influence survival, growth... and/or rep…
- Interactions with physical aspects of... environment... - Interac…
Can be consumed thus making them less available for others (e…
Ecology
The scientific study of the relationships between organisms a…
Environment
- External factors that influence survival, growth... and/or rep…
Bio 228 Test1 chapter 18
what is the ph of blood?
What is the temperature of blood?
What contains over 100 solutes includi…
biconcave, have no nuclei or organelle…
7.35-7.45
38 degrees celsius, slightly higher than "normal" temperature
Blood plasma
Erythrocytes
what is the ph of blood?
7.35-7.45
What is the temperature of blood?
38 degrees celsius, slightly higher than "normal" temperature
63 terms
Biol228 Fish
Friction drag
Pressure drag
undulatory movement and oscillatory mo…
neoteny. the retention of larval featu…
This is the stickiness of water along side, caused by H2O mol…
This is caused by distortions of flow around the fish's body.…
Forms in which thrust is created by ...
How did fish evolve?
Friction drag
This is the stickiness of water along side, caused by H2O mol…
Pressure drag
This is caused by distortions of flow around the fish's body.…
25 terms
BIOL228: Insect Orders
Collembola
Protura
Ephemeroptera
Coleoptera
Springtails... • Sucker-like ventral tube and forked jumping org…
Proturans... -Class Entognatha... • Small Hexapoda, without antenna…
Mayflies... • Three caudal filaments in adults... • Triangular fore…
Beetles & Weevils... • Fore wings modified as rigid elytra cover…
Collembola
Springtails... • Sucker-like ventral tube and forked jumping org…
Protura
Proturans... -Class Entognatha... • Small Hexapoda, without antenna…
75 terms
BIOL228 - Fish 2016
Myxiniformes
Cephalasidomorphi (Petromyzontiformes)
Chondrichthyes
Elasmobranchii
Hagfishes... -Superclass Agnatha, Subphylum Vertebrata... - single…
Lampreys... - superclass Agnatha, subphylum vertebrata... -single g…
Sharks, skates, rays and chimaeras (class)... - superclass Gnath…
Sharks, rays, skates
Myxiniformes
Hagfishes... -Superclass Agnatha, Subphylum Vertebrata... - single…
Cephalasidomorphi (Petromyzontiformes)
Lampreys... - superclass Agnatha, subphylum vertebrata... -single g…
Bio 228 Lecture Test 5
It is necessary for the testes to be k…
The male urethra serves only the urina…
Males do not go through menopause but…
In fetal circulation, one way the the…
True
False
True
True
It is necessary for the testes to be k…
True
The male urethra serves only the urina…
False
161 terms
BIOL228: Fish
What are the 5 major extant clades of…
What is Myxiniformes?
What are Petromyzontiformes
What are Chondrichthyes?
Myxiniformes... Petromyzontiformes... Chondrichthyes... Sarcoptergii... A…
Hagfishes
Lampreys
Sharks, rays and chimaeras
What are the 5 major extant clades of…
Myxiniformes... Petromyzontiformes... Chondrichthyes... Sarcoptergii... A…
What is Myxiniformes?
Hagfishes
42 terms
BIO 228 Chapter 1 (LAB)
Anatomical Position
Sagittal Plane ... (Body Planes)
Midsagittal Plane (Median)... (Body Planes)
Frontal Plane (Coronal)... (Body Planes)
human body is erect, with the feet only slightly apart, head…
runs longitudinally & divides the body into right and left pa…
divides the body into equal parts, right down the midline o…
a longitudinal plane that divides the body (or an organ) into…
Anatomical Position
human body is erect, with the feet only slightly apart, head…
Sagittal Plane ... (Body Planes)
runs longitudinally & divides the body into right and left pa…
31 terms
BIOL228: Birds
What characterises birds?
What is the bird class?
What is the subclass for modern birds?
What are the two superorders?
Large cerebrum... Beak - no teeth... unique breathing system... lightw…
Aves
Neornithes
Palaeognathae (Ratites and Tinamous) - Gondwanan... Neognathae -…
What characterises birds?
Large cerebrum... Beak - no teeth... unique breathing system... lightw…
What is the bird class?
Aves
BIOL228 Invertebrates
Porifera, Hexactinellida
Porifera, Calcarea
Porifera, Demospongiae
Cnidaria, Hydrozoa
Phylum and Class
Phylum and Class
Phylum and Class
Phylum and Class
Porifera, Hexactinellida
Phylum and Class
Porifera, Calcarea
Phylum and Class
87 terms
BIO 228 Ch. 7 & Ch. 8 (LAB)
cranium ... (skull)
Facial Bones ... (skull)
Clavicle ... (Thoracic Cage)
Scapula ... (Thoracic Cage)
"collar bone"
"shoulder blade"
cranium ... (skull)
Facial Bones ... (skull)
28 terms
Bio 228 ch. 18 terms
Blood functions
hematocrit
erythrocytes
leukocytes
Transportation, Regulation, Protection
the percentage of the volume of all formed elements in the bl…
transport respiratory gasses in the blood
defend the body against pathogens
Blood functions
Transportation, Regulation, Protection
hematocrit
the percentage of the volume of all formed elements in the bl…
bio 228 review
Factors that increase stroke volume
Factors that increase heart rate
Vasoconstrictors:
Vasodilators:
-decreased peripheral resistance... -increased venous return... -in…
-autonomic nervous system's sympathetic system... -low blood pre…
-angiotensin II... -ADH... -epinephrine/norepinephrine... -nicotine
-atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)... -alcohol... -nitric oxide... -his…
Factors that increase stroke volume
-decreased peripheral resistance... -increased venous return... -in…
Factors that increase heart rate
-autonomic nervous system's sympathetic system... -low blood pre…
29 terms
BIO 228 Ch. 5 Histology (LAB)
tissues
organs
histology
Epithelial Tissue (epithelium) : simpl…
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function... 4…
to perform specific body functions, the tissues are organized…
study of tissues, complements a study of gross anatomy and pr…
a sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a body c…
tissues
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function... 4…
organs
to perform specific body functions, the tissues are organized…
210 terms
BIO 228 EXAM 4
Gonads
Gametes
Sex Hormones
Puberty
primary reproductive reproductive organs for both sexes. ... Ova…
sex cells which unite at fertilization to initiate the format…
affect maturation, development, and changes in the activity o…
external characterisitcs become more prominent, such as breas…
Gonads
primary reproductive reproductive organs for both sexes. ... Ova…
Gametes
sex cells which unite at fertilization to initiate the format…
University of Saskatchewan Bio 228 Post Midterm Lecture 5,6, and 7
top consumer
Detritus
75%
70%
must be mobile and search for prey over large areas to obtain…
fresh to partly decomposed plant and animal... matter
What percentage of the world's agricultural lands are devoted…
What percent of water withdrawals are for agriculture.
top consumer
must be mobile and search for prey over large areas to obtain…
Detritus
fresh to partly decomposed plant and animal... matter
37 terms
Ch. 9 Appendicular Skeleton BIO 228 (LAB)
clavicle
sternal end of clavicle
acromial end of clavicle
scapula
upper limb
upper limb
upper limb
upper limb
clavicle
upper limb
sternal end of clavicle
upper limb
100 terms
Bio 228 Ch18 Cardiovascular System:Blood
Arteries
Veins
Capillaries
Skeletal muscle; skin
_______ transports blood away from the heart.
_______ transports blood toward the heart.
_________ are permeable, microscopic vessels between arteries…
Blood helps regulate body temperature by absorbing heat from…
Arteries
_______ transports blood away from the heart.
Veins
_______ transports blood toward the heart.
Bio 228 Lecture Test 2
Lymphoid tissue is mainly connective t…
If even a small part of spleen is left…
Monoclonal antibodies can be specific…
The directional movement of cells in r…
true
true
false
true
Lymphoid tissue is mainly connective t…
true
If even a small part of spleen is left…
true
40 terms
Chapter 8, The Axial Skeleton BIO 228 (LAB)
Cervical curvature
Thoracic curvature
Lumbar curvature
Sacral curvature
concave; 7 vertebrae, C1-C7
convex; 12 vertebrae, T1-T12
concave; 5 vertebrae, L1-L5
convex; 5 fused vertebrae
Cervical curvature
concave; 7 vertebrae, C1-C7
Thoracic curvature
convex; 12 vertebrae, T1-T12
Biol 228 part 1
phylum Porifera
class Hexactinellida
class Calcarea
class Demospongiae
sponges
glass sponges - made of SiO₂ (silicate), 6-rayed spicules. Sy…
calcareous sponges - spicules made of calcium carbonate CaCO₃…
most sponges, bath sponge. All leuconoid. Have silicate spicu…
phylum Porifera
sponges
class Hexactinellida
glass sponges - made of SiO₂ (silicate), 6-rayed spicules. Sy…
Bio 228 Lecture Test 3
the alveolar ventilation rate is the b…
increased temperature results in decre…
the lungs are perfumed by 2 circulatio…
changes in arterial pH can modify resp…
true
false
true
true
the alveolar ventilation rate is the b…
true
increased temperature results in decre…
false
BIOL 228 lecture 3
Age pyramid
Non-overlapping generation
Overlapping generation
Pre-reproductive class
Divides females and male, help in preicting population growth…
First type of generation structure, it means that a populatio…
Second type of generation structure, they have age structure,…
An age class where they a re not able to reproduce. Key to pr…
Age pyramid
Divides females and male, help in preicting population growth…
Non-overlapping generation
First type of generation structure, it means that a populatio…
BIO 228 lecture 2
Unitary organisms
Modular organisms
Population
Distribution
Mist fertilization in these organisms leads to a zygote which…
The zygote develops into a basic unit, and have various modes…
A group of individuals of the same species that inhabit a giv…
Defines where and how of an organisms in space
Unitary organisms
Mist fertilization in these organisms leads to a zygote which…
Modular organisms
The zygote develops into a basic unit, and have various modes…
Bio 228 Lecture Test 4
Urine is 95% water by volume
In the absence of hormones, the distal…
The proximal convoluted tubule is the…
Sodium is pivotal to fluid and electro…
True
True
False
True
Urine is 95% water by volume
True
In the absence of hormones, the distal…
True
28 terms
Bio 228 Test 1 Review Questions
Decreased amount of fluid in the blood…
Which is a hormone that increases the…
What type of leukocyte may increase in…
What surface antigens are present on a…
increased blood viscosity
erythropoietin
neutrophils
A-antigen, Rh factor (surface antigen D)
Decreased amount of fluid in the blood…
increased blood viscosity
Which is a hormone that increases the…
erythropoietin
Chapter 19 Bio 228 Test
The heart is about the size of your fi…
Job is to drop off oxygen and pick up…
double walled sac around the heart com…
visceral layer of the serous pericardium
true
heart
pericardium
epicardium
The heart is about the size of your fi…
true
Job is to drop off oxygen and pick up…
heart
Key Terms Biol 228
Porifera
Choanocyte
Collar cell
Mesohyl
Phylum containing the sponges. Means "Pore-bearing".
Flagellated cell lining the inside of a sponge. Draws water i…
Alternate name for choanocyte.
Supportive material making up the body wall of a sponge. Cont…
Porifera
Phylum containing the sponges. Means "Pore-bearing".
Choanocyte
Flagellated cell lining the inside of a sponge. Draws water i…
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