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47 terms
Biology 241 Chapter 7
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
long bone
flat bone
80 bones
126 bones
the humerus is an example of a________
the sternum is an example of a ________ which contains red bo…
Axial skeleton
80 bones
Appendicular skeleton
126 bones
119 terms
Biology241 LAB
Superior
Inferior
Anterior (ventral)
Posterior (Dorsal)
Above
Below
Closer to front of body
Closer to back of body
Superior
Above
Inferior
Below
47 terms
Biology 241 Chapter 7
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
long bone
flat bone
80 bones
126 bones
the humerus is an example of a________
the sternum is an example of a ________ which contains red bo…
Axial skeleton
80 bones
Appendicular skeleton
126 bones
76 terms
Midterm 1 Biology 241
Development of Secondary Sexual Charac…
Sperms path to fertilize an egg
Chance of Pregnancy in "Regular cycled…
Corpus Luteum
Due to increase level of estrogen OR testosterone
Vagina -> Cervix -> Uterus -> Uterine Tube
1-6% of women who have sex on 1st day of period will become p…
What the follicle becomes after it releases its egg, it is lo…
Development of Secondary Sexual Charac…
Due to increase level of estrogen OR testosterone
Sperms path to fertilize an egg
Vagina -> Cervix -> Uterus -> Uterine Tube
19 terms
Biology 241 Chapter 8
clavicle and scapula
Acromioclavicular (AC) - scapula-clavi…
Glenohumeral (GH) - scapula-humerus
carpals
attached together by soft tissue
highest point on shoulder
shoulder joint, the most mobile joint, least stable joint, jo…
blood supply not as good as long bones
clavicle and scapula
attached together by soft tissue
Acromioclavicular (AC) - scapula-clavi…
highest point on shoulder
19 terms
Biology 241 Chapter 8
clavicle and scapula
Acromioclavicular (AC) - scapula-clavi…
Glenohumeral (GH) - scapula-humerus
carpals
attached together by soft tissue
highest point on shoulder
shoulder joint, the most mobile joint, least stable joint, jo…
blood supply not as good as long bones
clavicle and scapula
attached together by soft tissue
Acromioclavicular (AC) - scapula-clavi…
highest point on shoulder
69 terms
Biology 241 Final Exam
List four types of tissues
Epithelial Tissue: Define and function
Connective Tissue: Define and Function
Muscle Tissue: Define and Function
Epithelial... Connective... Muscle... Nervous
Define: covers body surfaces and lines organs, body cavities,…
Define: most abundant and highly distributed. unlike the epit…
Define: composed of cells that can contract to generate force…
List four types of tissues
Epithelial... Connective... Muscle... Nervous
Epithelial Tissue: Define and function
Define: covers body surfaces and lines organs, body cavities,…
100 terms
Biology 241 Chapter 6
What is skeletal cartilage?
What is cartilage made of?
What is the perichondrium?
What is the function of the perichondr…
The bone's cartilage that is made up of multiple types of car…
1. Mainly water and condrocytes in lacunae... 2. PERICHONDRIUM s…
A layer of dense irregular connective tissue that surrounds t…
To resist expansion when the cartilage is being compressed an…
What is skeletal cartilage?
The bone's cartilage that is made up of multiple types of car…
What is cartilage made of?
1. Mainly water and condrocytes in lacunae... 2. PERICHONDRIUM s…
Biology 241 Chapter 1
All living organisms share 5 fundament…
Cell theory
Evolution theory
Phylogenetic tree
Use energy... made of cells ... process information ... can reproduce…
states all organisms are made of cells and all cells come fro…
by natural selection, describes how species change through time
graphical representation of the evolutionary relationships am…
All living organisms share 5 fundament…
Use energy... made of cells ... process information ... can reproduce…
Cell theory
states all organisms are made of cells and all cells come fro…
46 terms
Biology 241 exam #2
Aponeurosis
Myofilaments
Endomysium
Perimysium
(acts as a tendon) attaches muscle to bones.
Actin and myosin proteins
thin connective tissue surrounding each muscle fiber
surrounding bundle of muscle fibers.
Aponeurosis
(acts as a tendon) attaches muscle to bones.
Myofilaments
Actin and myosin proteins
46 terms
Biology 241 ch 1
What is Anatomy and Physiology and the…
What is Gross Anatomy?
What are the two types of microscopic…
What is developmental Anatomy?
Anatomy- study of the structure of body parts and their relat…
Regional - all structures in one part of the body ( such as t…
Cytology - study of the cell... Histology - study of tissues
It traces the structural changes throughout life.... Embryology…
What is Anatomy and Physiology and the…
Anatomy- study of the structure of body parts and their relat…
What is Gross Anatomy?
Regional - all structures in one part of the body ( such as t…
Biology 241 ch 1
What is Anatomy and Physiology and the…
What is Gross Anatomy?
What are the two types of microscopic…
What is developmental Anatomy?
Anatomy- study of the structure of body parts and their relat…
Regional - all structures in one part of the body ( such as t…
Cytology - study of the cell... Histology - study of tissues
It traces the structural changes throughout life.... Embryology…
What is Anatomy and Physiology and the…
Anatomy- study of the structure of body parts and their relat…
What is Gross Anatomy?
Regional - all structures in one part of the body ( such as t…
57 terms
Biology 241 Chapter 19
transportation
regulation
protection
components of blood
oxygen and nutrition
body temperature and pH
clotting, coagulation, phagocyte function
plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets
transportation
oxygen and nutrition
regulation
body temperature and pH
12 terms
Biology 241 Chapter 11
fasiculi arrangement
parallel
fusiform
convergent
arrangement of bundles
fascicles parallel to longitudinal axis of muscle; terminate…
fascicles nearly parallel to longitudinal axis of muscle; ter…
fascicles spread over brad area and converge at thick central…
fasiculi arrangement
arrangement of bundles
parallel
fascicles parallel to longitudinal axis of muscle; terminate…
114 terms
Biology 241 Chapter 10
stabilizing body positions
storing and moving substances within t…
heat production
electrical excitability
stabilize joints and help maintain body positions
contractions of ringlike bands if smooth muscle called sphinc…
as muscle fiber contracts it produces heat
respond to stimuli by producing electrical signals
stabilizing body positions
stabilize joints and help maintain body positions
storing and moving substances within t…
contractions of ringlike bands if smooth muscle called sphinc…
36 terms
Biology 241 Chapter 9
Fibrous
Cartilaginous
synovial
function of fibrous joint
joint with no synovial cavity, held together be irregular con…
joint with no synovial cavity and held together by cartilage,…
joint with bones that form a synovial cavity, jointed by irre…
sutures, syndesmosis, interosseus membrane
Fibrous
joint with no synovial cavity, held together be irregular con…
Cartilaginous
joint with no synovial cavity and held together by cartilage,…
12 terms
Biology 241 Chapter 11
fasiculi arrangement
parallel
fusiform
convergent
arrangement of bundles
fascicles parallel to longitudinal axis of muscle; terminate…
fascicles nearly parallel to longitudinal axis of muscle; ter…
fascicles spread over brad area and converge at thick central…
fasiculi arrangement
arrangement of bundles
parallel
fascicles parallel to longitudinal axis of muscle; terminate…
Biology 241 chapter 2 lab
Thermodynamics
conservation of matter
Molecules
Atoms
the study of energy transformation, governed by the law of th…
basic principle of physics... *matter can neither be created nor…
*composed of > 2 atoms, bound by chemical bonds... *chemical bon…
are subatomic particles... *atomic mass unit= protons and neutro…
Thermodynamics
the study of energy transformation, governed by the law of th…
conservation of matter
basic principle of physics... *matter can neither be created nor…
57 terms
Biology 241 Chapter 19
transportation
regulation
protection
components of blood
oxygen and nutrition
body temperature and pH
clotting, coagulation, phagocyte function
plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets
transportation
oxygen and nutrition
regulation
body temperature and pH
36 terms
Biology 241 Chapter 9
Fibrous
Cartilaginous
synovial
function of fibrous joint
joint with no synovial cavity, held together be irregular con…
joint with no synovial cavity and held together by cartilage,…
joint with bones that form a synovial cavity, jointed by irre…
sutures, syndesmosis, interosseus membrane
Fibrous
joint with no synovial cavity, held together be irregular con…
Cartilaginous
joint with no synovial cavity and held together by cartilage,…
114 terms
Biology 241 Chapter 10
stabilizing body positions
storing and moving substances within t…
heat production
electrical excitability
stabilize joints and help maintain body positions
contractions of ringlike bands if smooth muscle called sphinc…
as muscle fiber contracts it produces heat
respond to stimuli by producing electrical signals
stabilizing body positions
stabilize joints and help maintain body positions
storing and moving substances within t…
contractions of ringlike bands if smooth muscle called sphinc…
20 terms
Biology Prefixes 241 - 260
lip-
lith-, -lite
loc-
-log-
fat
stone, petrifying
place
word, speech
lip-
fat
lith-, -lite
stone, petrifying
63 terms
Biology 241 ch#4
Tissue
Histology
Biopsy
Autopsy
Collections of cells
The microscopic study of tissues
The process or removing tissue samples from patience for diag…
Examination of the organs of a bead body to determine the cau…
Tissue
Collections of cells
Histology
The microscopic study of tissues
104 terms
Biology 241 Chapter 9
How many types of muscle tissue are th…
What are the 3 types of muscle tissue?
What are muscle fibers?
Why are cardiac muscle cells not consi…
3 types of muscle tissue.
1. Skeletal muscle tissue... 2. Cardiac muscle tissue... 3. Smooth…
They are the cells of skeletal and smooth cells that are long…
Because they do not have the same shape as skeletal and smoot…
How many types of muscle tissue are th…
3 types of muscle tissue.
What are the 3 types of muscle tissue?
1. Skeletal muscle tissue... 2. Cardiac muscle tissue... 3. Smooth…
53 terms
BIOLOGY 241 TEST 2
POTENTIAL ENERGY
KINETIC ENERGY
CHEMICAL REACTIONS - 2 FACTORS GOVERN…
WHAT TWO TYPES OF ACTIVITIES IS METABO…
IS ENERGY OF STATE OR POSITION - IT IS STORED ENERGY.
IS THE ENERGY OF MOVEMENT - IT DOES THE WORK THAT ALTERS THE…
DIRECTION - MANY CELLS USE ATP TO DRIVE REACTIONS IN ONE DIRE…
1. ANABOLIC REACTIONS... 2. CATABOLIC REACTIONS
POTENTIAL ENERGY
IS ENERGY OF STATE OR POSITION - IT IS STORED ENERGY.
KINETIC ENERGY
IS THE ENERGY OF MOVEMENT - IT DOES THE WORK THAT ALTERS THE…
39 terms
Biology 241 lab 4
Epithelium
Simple
Stratified
Squamous
-Free space ... -Outside of skin... -visible ... -non vascular(no bloo…
One layer
Two layers
-Flat ... -Egg like
Epithelium
-Free space ... -Outside of skin... -visible ... -non vascular(no bloo…
Simple
One layer
148 terms
Biology 241 Chapter 1
What is the definition of anatomy?
What is the definition of physiology?
What are the main topics of anatomy?
What is macroscopic anatomy?
The study of the structure of body parts and their relationsh…
The study of how the body works and how they keep a self-sust…
1. Macroscopic/gross anatomy... 2. Microscopic anatomy... 3. Develo…
The study of body structures that are big enough to see with…
What is the definition of anatomy?
The study of the structure of body parts and their relationsh…
What is the definition of physiology?
The study of how the body works and how they keep a self-sust…
76 terms
BIOLOGY 241 TEST 3
MEIOSIS
FERTILIZATION
SEX CHROMOSOMES
AUTOSOMES
IS A TYPE OF NUCLEAR DIVISION. IT RESULTS IN CELLS THAT HAVE…
DURING SEXUAL REPRODUCTION, A SPERM AND AN EGG UNITE TO FORM…
DETERMINE THE SEX (GENDER) OF THE INDIVIDUAL XX - FEMALE, XY…
ALL THE CHROMOSOMES EXCEPT FOR THE SEX CHROMOSOMES.
MEIOSIS
IS A TYPE OF NUCLEAR DIVISION. IT RESULTS IN CELLS THAT HAVE…
FERTILIZATION
DURING SEXUAL REPRODUCTION, A SPERM AND AN EGG UNITE TO FORM…
14 terms
Body Cavities and Membranes Biology 241
Dorsal Body Cavity
Cranial Cavity
Vertebral or Spinal Cavity
Ventral body cavity
Protects fragile nervous system organs. Has two subdivisions:…
In the skull, encases the brain.
Runs within bony vertebral column, encloses delicate spinal c…
Houses internal organs called viscera, or visceral organs. Ha…
Dorsal Body Cavity
Protects fragile nervous system organs. Has two subdivisions:…
Cranial Cavity
In the skull, encases the brain.
10 terms
Biology 241-250
Period
ecology
community
Ecosystem
Unit of geologic time that lats tens of millions of years and…
Study of the interaction among living things and their surrou…
Collection of all the different populations that live in one…
Collection of organisms and nonliving things, such as climate…
Period
Unit of geologic time that lats tens of millions of years and…
ecology
Study of the interaction among living things and their surrou…
66 terms
Biology 241 Placement Exam
Covalent Bonding
Compound
Hydrogen bonding
Ionic Bonding
When atoms share one or more pairs of electrons.
Formed when a substance is composed of two or more different…
When a positively charged hydrogen is attached to an negative…
Complete transfer of electrons between two atoms.. Example is…
Covalent Bonding
When atoms share one or more pairs of electrons.
Compound
Formed when a substance is composed of two or more different…
38 terms
Biology 241 Final Exam
The four primary tissue types
Six characteristics of all epithelial…
Epithelial tissue
Simple epithelial tissue
Muscle tissue, nervous tissue, epithelial tissue, connective…
polarity, cellularity, avascular but innervated, specialized…
sheet of cells that cover/lines a body surface/cavity (simple…
single cell layer found where absorption, secretion, and filt…
The four primary tissue types
Muscle tissue, nervous tissue, epithelial tissue, connective…
Six characteristics of all epithelial…
polarity, cellularity, avascular but innervated, specialized…
41 terms
Biology 241 chapter 4 tissue types
simple squamous epithelium
stratified squamous epithelium
stratified squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
simple squamous epithelium
stratified squamous epithelium
11 terms
Biology 241- Lecture Two
Scala Naturae
5 Kingdom Classification System
5 Kingdom Names
3 Domain Classification System
Aristotle's ordered organisms, bottom was smallest and simple…
Based on similarities and differences (only things we can SEE…
Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
Based on similarities and differences in molecular characteri…
Scala Naturae
Aristotle's ordered organisms, bottom was smallest and simple…
5 Kingdom Classification System
Based on similarities and differences (only things we can SEE…
32 terms
Biology 241 Lab Muscles
tensor fasciae latae
rectus femoris
vastus lateralis
vastus medialis
origin: Iliac crest... insertion: iliotibial tract... function: abd…
origin: anterior inferior iliac spine... insertion: patella and…
origin: greater trochanter and linea aspera of femur... insertio…
origin: linea aspera of femur... insertion: patella and tibial t…
tensor fasciae latae
origin: Iliac crest... insertion: iliotibial tract... function: abd…
rectus femoris
origin: anterior inferior iliac spine... insertion: patella and…
20 terms
Biology 241 Tissue Identification Test
Simple Cuboidal Epithelial Tissue
Simple Columnar Epithelial Tissue
Simple Squamous Epithelial Tissue
Stratified Squamous Keratinized
Found in kidneys tubules thyroid gland, glands and ducts; act…
May have cilia; Found in intestines and stomach; passive and…
Lines blood vessels, body cavities, prevents abrasion, found…
Found in skin, lips. Maintains moisture, water resistant, pro…
Simple Cuboidal Epithelial Tissue
Found in kidneys tubules thyroid gland, glands and ducts; act…
Simple Columnar Epithelial Tissue
May have cilia; Found in intestines and stomach; passive and…
7 terms
Biology 241 Midterm
Cofactor
C3H4O6
C3H6O3
C2H6O
...
Pyruvic Acid
Lactic Acid
Ethanol
Cofactor
...
C3H4O6
Pyruvic Acid
28 terms
Biology 241 Mitosis/Meiosis
MPF... •what does it regulate... •what does…
Cdk... •what does it regulate
PDGF
Are XX homologous
M-phase promoting factor... -triggers passage from g2 > M phase…
Controls G1 phase whether it goes to S or G0
Platelet derived growth factor ... -Binding allows G1 > S
Yes
MPF... •what does it regulate... •what does…
M-phase promoting factor... -triggers passage from g2 > M phase…
Cdk... •what does it regulate
Controls G1 phase whether it goes to S or G0
33 terms
GHC - Biology 241 Lab 1 Integumentary System
integumentary system
epidermis
dermis
stratum germinativum
Cutaneous membrane containing epidermis, dermis, underlying c…
made of stratified squamous cells, with 6 layers
made of loose connective tissues, with 2 layers
integumentary system
Cutaneous membrane containing epidermis, dermis, underlying c…
epidermis
made of stratified squamous cells, with 6 layers
21 terms
Biology A & P 241
Bones
Skeletal Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Articular
are organs consisting of osseous tissue, nervous tissue, cart…
Contains no blood vessels or nerves... Surrounded by the peric…
Provides support, flexibility, and resilience... Is the most a…
covers the ends of long bones
Bones
are organs consisting of osseous tissue, nervous tissue, cart…
Skeletal Cartilage
Contains no blood vessels or nerves... Surrounded by the peric…
107 terms
Biology 241- Test 1
cytology
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
plasma membrane
the study of cell structure
bacteria and archaea. DNA is concentrated in a region that is…
protists, fungi, animals, plants. most of the DNA is in an or…
membrane enclosing cytoplasm. barrier made up of phospholipid…
cytology
the study of cell structure
prokaryotic
bacteria and archaea. DNA is concentrated in a region that is…
Biology 241 Lab Exam
What is step 1 of the scientific method?
What is step 2 of the scientific method?
What is step 3 of the scientific method?
What is step 4 of the scientific method?
Observation leading to a question
Formulate a hypothesis
Design an experiment
Collect and interpret results
What is step 1 of the scientific method?
Observation leading to a question
What is step 2 of the scientific method?
Formulate a hypothesis
36 terms
Biology 241 Cells7
vacuole
lysosome
cytoplasm
Golgi body
storage for food and water
breaks down nutrients and old cell parts
jelly-like substance inside the cell
sorts, packages, and transports molecules
vacuole
storage for food and water
lysosome
breaks down nutrients and old cell parts
16 terms
Biology Vocab 241-250
Period
Ecology
Community
Ecosystem
a unit of geologic time that lasts millions of years
study of interactions among living things
collection of all different populations in one area
collection of organisms and non living things such as climate
Period
a unit of geologic time that lasts millions of years
Ecology
study of interactions among living things
149 terms
biology 241 midterm 3
26
dna polymerases
MMR
mut S, mut H, mut L
...
have proofreading activities (3'-5' exonuclease), dna poly 3
corrects errors that remain after proofreading, parental stra…
mut S recognizes initial mismatch, mut H and mut L make the n…
26
...
dna polymerases
have proofreading activities (3'-5' exonuclease), dna poly 3
25 terms
BIOLOGY 241 TEST 3
HOW DOES DEOXYRIBOSE AND RIBOSE SUGAR…
WHAT DO YOU NOTICE ABOUT TWO NEW DNA M…
WHAT FIVE ENZYMES ARE INVOLVED IN DNA…
HELICASE
AN EXTRA OXYGEN IN RIBOSE PREVENTS FORMATION OF STABLE DOUBLE…
* IDENTICAL TO PARENT... * COMPLIMENTARY... * ANTIPARALLEL... * SEMICO…
* HELICASE... * TOPOISOMERASE... * PRIMASE... * DNA POLYMERASE... * LIGASE
OPENS DNA STRANDS (LIKE A ZIPPER).
HOW DOES DEOXYRIBOSE AND RIBOSE SUGAR…
AN EXTRA OXYGEN IN RIBOSE PREVENTS FORMATION OF STABLE DOUBLE…
WHAT DO YOU NOTICE ABOUT TWO NEW DNA M…
* IDENTICAL TO PARENT... * COMPLIMENTARY... * ANTIPARALLEL... * SEMICO…
246 terms
Biology 241/242 #3
What is photosynthesis?
What does photosynthesis consist of?
What happens in the light capturing re…
What does the process of photosynthesi…
It is the process of using sunlight to produce carbohydrates.
It consists of a set of two linked reactions.
The excited electrons are used to produce the electron carrie…
It requires sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water.
What is photosynthesis?
It is the process of using sunlight to produce carbohydrates.
What does photosynthesis consist of?
It consists of a set of two linked reactions.
75 terms
Midterm two Biology 241
Last in Fetal Development
Test performed on women during 2nd tri…
First in fetal development
Maternal stress affects fetus by
Lanugo hair covers fetal body completly. Testes of male fetus…
Measuring weight, check blood pressure, and measuring her abd…
sockets for all twenty teeth are formed, fingernail developme…
Alteration of maternal behavior, transport of stress- related…
Last in Fetal Development
Lanugo hair covers fetal body completly. Testes of male fetus…
Test performed on women during 2nd tri…
Measuring weight, check blood pressure, and measuring her abd…
73 terms
biology 241 -- test IV
Thomas Hunt Morgan
Frederick Griffith
Alfred Hersey & Martha Chase
Erwin Chargaff
...
...
...
...
Thomas Hunt Morgan
...
Frederick Griffith
...
25 terms
GHC - Biology 241 Lab 3 Clavicle and Scapula
Acromial End of Clavicle
Sternal End of Clavicle
Spine of Scapula
Acromion Process of Scapula
Acromial End of Clavicle
Sternal End of Clavicle
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