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Study sets matching "biological foundations"

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Study sets matching "biological foundations"

36 terms
Biological Foundations
Synapse
Dendrites
Threshold
Temporal Lobes
junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the d…
the busy, branching extensions that receive messages from oth…
level of stimulation that must be exceeded before a neuron ca…
contains auditory areas
Synapse
junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the d…
Dendrites
the busy, branching extensions that receive messages from oth…
36 terms
Biological Foundations
Synapse
Dendrites
Threshold
Temporal Lobes
junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the d…
the busy, branching extensions that receive messages from oth…
level of stimulation that must be exceeded before a neuron ca…
contains auditory areas
Synapse
junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the d…
Dendrites
the busy, branching extensions that receive messages from oth…
20 terms
Biological Foundations
4 aspects
babies prepared first few months
babies prepared visually
babies prepared auditory
biological preparedness, neurological, genetics, temperament
develop biological rhythms = time based nature of social inte…
attracted to social stimuli: faces
fetuses can hear complex sounds prenatally; by four months: c…
4 aspects
biological preparedness, neurological, genetics, temperament
babies prepared first few months
develop biological rhythms = time based nature of social inte…
8 terms
biological foundations
What are the components of the human n…
What are neurons?
What are glial cells?
Label parts of a neuron
-Central Nervous System (Brain, Spinal Cord)... -Peripheral Nerv…
Nerve cells that handle information processing
Cells that provide nutrition, support neurons and keep them r…
Disorder associated with maintainence of myelin sheath - mult…
What are the components of the human n…
-Central Nervous System (Brain, Spinal Cord)... -Peripheral Nerv…
What are neurons?
Nerve cells that handle information processing
10 terms
Biological Foundations
Stem cells
Chromosomes
DNA
Genes
Unique primitive cells that have the capacity to develop into…
In the human cell, threadlike structures that come in23 Paris…
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A complex molecule that carries geneti…
The units of hereditary information, consisting of short segm…
Stem cells
Unique primitive cells that have the capacity to develop into…
Chromosomes
In the human cell, threadlike structures that come in23 Paris…
18 terms
Biological Foundations
Phenotype
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Incomplete Dominance
what you can see
same alleles
different alleles
mix between dominant and recessive, where both traits show
Phenotype
what you can see
Homozygous
same alleles
61 terms
Biological Foundations
Contains (CH2O)n
Function of starch and glycogen
3 Things present in nucleic acids
Contains (-NH2) and -COOH
carbohydrates
energy storage
1.sugar... 2.phosphate group... 3.nitrogenous base
Amino Acids
Contains (CH2O)n
carbohydrates
Function of starch and glycogen
energy storage
18 terms
Biological foundations
Neurons
Glial Cells
Nervous System
Amygdala
...
...
CNS (spinal cord, brain [cerebrum, diencephalon, cerebellum,…
connects regions that regulate ANS and regions involved in me…
Neurons
...
Glial Cells
...
50 terms
Biological Foundations
biological foundations
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
it is the interaction of your genes and the environment that…
many of our genes involved in directing function of our nervo…
brain/spinal chord
relaying info between limbs, skin, organs, glands and CNS... -2…
biological foundations
it is the interaction of your genes and the environment that…
nervous system
many of our genes involved in directing function of our nervo…
38 terms
Biological Foundations
Axon
Axon Hillock
Dendrites
Schwann Cells
Carries the cell's impulse to the terminal
Joins the soma and axon to collect the impulses before sendin…
Receives impulses from other nerve cells
Surrounds some neurons to increase how efficiently it can car…
Axon
Carries the cell's impulse to the terminal
Axon Hillock
Joins the soma and axon to collect the impulses before sendin…
185 terms
Biological Foundations
Heider and Simmel social attribution t…
Right Temporal Parietal Junction
TMS
Williams Syndrome Genetic Basis
experiment of apparent behavior, watching geometric shapes an…
used for understanding other human minds
Transcranial magnetic stimulation- sending magnetic signals t…
Gene deletion on chromosome 7 that includes elastin gene and…
Heider and Simmel social attribution t…
experiment of apparent behavior, watching geometric shapes an…
Right Temporal Parietal Junction
used for understanding other human minds
31 terms
Biological Foundations
genetic material
# of chromosomes
genes
path from genes to the human body
passed on as chromosomes
46 (23 pairs)
sections of chromosomes that are the basic units of heredity…
genes code for proteins --> proteins can combine to form tiss…
genetic material
passed on as chromosomes
# of chromosomes
46 (23 pairs)
Biological Foundations
Axon
Axon Hillock
Dendrites
Schwann Cells
The long threadlike part of the nerve cell along which impuls…
Last site in the soma where membrane potentials propagated fr…
A short, branched extension of a nerve cell, along which impu…
Myelin sheath around the axon
Axon
The long threadlike part of the nerve cell along which impuls…
Axon Hillock
Last site in the soma where membrane potentials propagated fr…
16 terms
Biological Foundations
Chromosomes
Genes
DNA
Phenotypes
Store and transit genetic information
Segments of DNA located along the chromosomes
Substance of which genes and chromosomes are made
Observable characteristics
Chromosomes
Store and transit genetic information
Genes
Segments of DNA located along the chromosomes
40 terms
biological foundations
Stress
Stressors
Stress Response
S.R.R.Sarm
phenomenon in which some factors in the environment cause a p…
a situation or event that leads to stress
a reaction to some kind of stressor, involving internal and e…
Social... Readjustment... Rating... Scale
Stress
phenomenon in which some factors in the environment cause a p…
Stressors
a situation or event that leads to stress
16 terms
Biological Foundations
Hippocrates
Immanuel Kant
Franz Joseph Gall
Charles Darwin- Expression of Emotions
variations in psychological characteristics reflect variation…
Four types of temperament are based on bodily fluids
Phrenology, tried to locate areas of brain for emotional and…
documented relations between emotional expression in humans a…
Hippocrates
variations in psychological characteristics reflect variation…
Immanuel Kant
Four types of temperament are based on bodily fluids
42 terms
Biological Foundations
neurons
cell body
dendrites
axons
nerve cells that carry and integrate information, basic build…
central part, holds the nucleus (gene)
extensions of the cell body that receive messages from other…
neuron branches that transmit messages to other neurons
neurons
nerve cells that carry and integrate information, basic build…
cell body
central part, holds the nucleus (gene)
10 terms
Biological Foundations
Stem Cells
Chromosomes
DNA
Genes
Unique primitive cells that have the capacity to give rise to…
Threadlike structures that come in 23 pairs, one of each pair…
A complex molecule in the cell's chromosomes that carries gen…
Units of hereditary info, consisting of short segments of chr…
Stem Cells
Unique primitive cells that have the capacity to give rise to…
Chromosomes
Threadlike structures that come in 23 pairs, one of each pair…
41 terms
Biological Foundations
Biological psychology
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
—the study of the link between biology and behavior
—a nerve cell and basic building block of nervous system
- the busy, branching extensions that receive messages from o…
- the extension that sends messages
Biological psychology
—the study of the link between biology and behavior
Neuron
—a nerve cell and basic building block of nervous system
31 terms
Biological Foundations
nervous system
plasticity
afferent nerves
efferent nerves
the body's electrochemical communication circuitry
brain's special capacity for change
sensory memory nerves, carries info about external environmen…
motor nerves, nerves that carry out info of the brain and spi…
nervous system
the body's electrochemical communication circuitry
plasticity
brain's special capacity for change
12 terms
biological foundations
temporal lobe
parietal lobe
occipital lobe
frontal lobe
memory and emotion
perception
vision
thinking, planning, movement
temporal lobe
memory and emotion
parietal lobe
perception
48 terms
Biological Foundations
Describe the balance of sodium and pot…
Describe the movement of sodium and po…
Describe the absolute refractory period
Describe the relative refractory period
-At rest, potassium ions can cross through the membrane easil…
-AP is caused when different ions cross the neuron membrane.…
-The period from the initiation of the AP to immediately afte…
-The period during which a stronger than normal stimulus is n…
Describe the balance of sodium and pot…
-At rest, potassium ions can cross through the membrane easil…
Describe the movement of sodium and po…
-AP is caused when different ions cross the neuron membrane.…
25 terms
Biological Foundations
medulla
pons
thalamus
reticular formation
breathing, heart rate, blood flow, automatic functions
basic body movements (movement of eye)
relays signals to cerebral cortex
arousal, sleep, and pain perception
medulla
breathing, heart rate, blood flow, automatic functions
pons
basic body movements (movement of eye)
128 terms
Biological foundations
Brain's 3 subdivisions
Spinal cord
Hindbrain
Midbrain
Hindbrain... Midbrain... Forebrain
Also a site for info integration/processing... --simple spinal r…
Rhombecephalon... --medulla, pons, cerebellum
Mesencephalon... --visual/auditory info and reticular activating…
Brain's 3 subdivisions
Hindbrain... Midbrain... Forebrain
Spinal cord
Also a site for info integration/processing... --simple spinal r…
22 terms
Biological foundations
Aphasia
Broca's Aphasia
Wernicke's aphasia
Conduction aphasia
A disturbance or loss of language function as a result of bra…
Lesion site: left frontal lobe • Symptoms:... - laborious speech…
• Lesion site: left temporal lobe... • Symptoms:... - fluent and ra…
lesion in arcuate fasciculus and/or other connections between…
Aphasia
A disturbance or loss of language function as a result of bra…
Broca's Aphasia
Lesion site: left frontal lobe • Symptoms:... - laborious speech…
31 terms
Biological Foundations
Alleles
Allostatic Load
Central Nervous System
Cerebral Cortex
Pairs of corresponding genes located at specific positions on…
The physiological cost of chronic stress.
The part of the nervous system which consists of the brain an…
the thin layer of grey matter (neuronal cell bodies) that cov…
Alleles
Pairs of corresponding genes located at specific positions on…
Allostatic Load
The physiological cost of chronic stress.
102 terms
Biological foundations
Two kinds of cells in the nervous system
Three parts of the neuron
Myelin sheath
Two types of communication used by neu…
1. Neurons (nerve cells): transmits information in the form o…
•Cell body (aka soma): collects and sums incoming signals to…
-Wrapped around the axon... -Breaks in myelin: nodes of Ranvier…
1. Electrical: causes neural signal to travel from dendrites…
Two kinds of cells in the nervous system
1. Neurons (nerve cells): transmits information in the form o…
Three parts of the neuron
•Cell body (aka soma): collects and sums incoming signals to…
10 terms
Biological Foundations
Buss and Plomin
Kagan
Evolutionary Psychology
proximate cause
emotionality: easy of arousal ... reactivity: tempo and vigor of…
inhibited: high reactivity ... uninhibited low reactivity
human nature is the product of evolutionary process via natur…
biological processes operating in the organism at the time be…
Buss and Plomin
emotionality: easy of arousal ... reactivity: tempo and vigor of…
Kagan
inhibited: high reactivity ... uninhibited low reactivity
15 terms
Biological Foundations
Why biology?
Agent
Ethology
Animal Behaviors
- Simple creatures have low processing power... - Exoskeletal st…
self contained and independent... - has it's own "brains" and c…
study of animal behavior
mapping of sensory inputs to a pattern of motor actions which…
Why biology?
- Simple creatures have low processing power... - Exoskeletal st…
Agent
self contained and independent... - has it's own "brains" and c…
36 terms
Biological Foundations
genetic material
# of chromosomes
genes
path from genes to the human body
passed on as chromosomes
46 (23 pairs)
sections of chromosomes that are the basic units of heredity…
genes code for proteins --> proteins can combine to form tiss…
genetic material
passed on as chromosomes
# of chromosomes
46 (23 pairs)
105 terms
Biological Foundations
neuron
soma
dendrites
schwann cells/ myelin sheath
a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses
the body of a neuron; pulls all the information for the cell
bring info. to the cell
insulate nerve fibers necessary for sending appropriate elect…
neuron
a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses
soma
the body of a neuron; pulls all the information for the cell
20 terms
Biological Foundations
How many pairs of chromosomes do we ha…
Meiosis
Genes call for the production of which…
What do amino acids do?
23 pairs of chromosomes, 2 alleles for each gene
Process by which a germ cell divides, producing gametes that…
Amino acids
They form enzymes and other proteins necessary for formation…
How many pairs of chromosomes do we ha…
23 pairs of chromosomes, 2 alleles for each gene
Meiosis
Process by which a germ cell divides, producing gametes that…
13 terms
Biological Foundations
Neurons
How do neurons communicate?
DEndrites
Depolarization
-specialized cells in our nervous system... -receive, integrate,…
-both electronically and chemically... -resting membrane potenti…
-receive chemical signals from other neurons--all the time, b…
-causes a change in the permeability of the cell membrane, ca…
Neurons
-specialized cells in our nervous system... -receive, integrate,…
How do neurons communicate?
-both electronically and chemically... -resting membrane potenti…
10 terms
Biological Foundations
the mind is in the heart
the mind is in the brain
Broca's area
neurobiology
aristotle
hippocrates
portion o the cerebral cortex on the left side of the brain i…
focused on brain circuits and cellular mechanisms
the mind is in the heart
aristotle
the mind is in the brain
hippocrates
18 terms
Biological foundations
Phago
Endosytosis
Hyper
Hypo
Means to eat or to engulf
How things exit the cell
Means to access
Means less
Phago
Means to eat or to engulf
Endosytosis
How things exit the cell
18 terms
Biological Foundations
genotype
alleles
phenotype
canalization
the genetic material we inherit from our parents
versions of the same gene on a pair of chromosomes
the observable expression of the genotype, including bodily c…
the suppression of phenotypic variation in a population
genotype
the genetic material we inherit from our parents
alleles
versions of the same gene on a pair of chromosomes
28 terms
Chapter 2: Biological Foundations
Chromosomes
Sperm Cells
Autosomes
DNA's 4 nitrogenous bases
The threadlike structures in the nucleus of a cell that conta…
23 Chromosomes
is any chromosome that is not a sex-determining chromosome, s…
guanine, adenine, thymine and cytosine. They are abbreviated…
Chromosomes
The threadlike structures in the nucleus of a cell that conta…
Sperm Cells
23 Chromosomes
32 terms
Biological Foundations Exam 4
Adrenal Cortex
Adrenal Medulla
Pancreas
Insulin
makes cortisol, and aldosterone
makes epinephrine and norepinephrine
makes insulin and glucagon
produced by beta cells of islets, encourages cells to absorb…
Adrenal Cortex
makes cortisol, and aldosterone
Adrenal Medulla
makes epinephrine and norepinephrine
119 terms
Biological Foundations - Exam 3
Chromosome
Chromatin
Chromatid
Sister chromatids
a structure containing genetic information in the form of genes
the material the makes up eukaryotic chromosomes; consists of…
One double-stranded DNA copy of a replicated chromosome with…
the two attached, double-stranded DNA copies of a replicated…
Chromosome
a structure containing genetic information in the form of genes
Chromatin
the material the makes up eukaryotic chromosomes; consists of…
13 terms
Biological Foundation
Chromosomes
Genes
DNA
Phenotype
Store and transit genetic imformation
Segments of DNA located along the chromosomes
Substance of which genes and chromosomes are made
Observable characteristics
Chromosomes
Store and transit genetic imformation
Genes
Segments of DNA located along the chromosomes
46 terms
Biological Foundation
Axon
Axon Hillock
Schwann Cells
Soma
Carries cell's impulse to the terminal
Joins the soma and axon to collect the impulses before sendin…
Surrounds some neurons with myelin to increase how efficientl…
Cell body... Contains genetic information for cell function
Axon
Carries cell's impulse to the terminal
Axon Hillock
Joins the soma and axon to collect the impulses before sendin…
21 terms
Biological foundation
Renshaw cell
Size Principle
Rate Coding
Huntington's disease
_____ - inhibits the motor neuron that stimulates it. ... This…
___________ - Recruitment control depends on the size of the…
___________... Muscle force depends not only on the number of a…
__________ - Uncontrolled ballistic movements; Inability to r…
Renshaw cell
_____ - inhibits the motor neuron that stimulates it. ... This…
Size Principle
___________ - Recruitment control depends on the size of the…
29 terms
Foundations: Biological Membranes
What is the function of biological mem…
What are the three major categories of…
Chemical structure of phospholipid. Ba…
Which FA are most commonly found in C1…
1. define external boundaries of the cell... 2. regulate molecul…
1. phospholipids... 2. sphingolipids... 3. cholesterol... (all are amp…
Glycerol-3-phosphate... C 1 esterified with saturated FA... C2 este…
palmitic (16:0) and stearic (18:0)
What is the function of biological mem…
1. define external boundaries of the cell... 2. regulate molecul…
What are the three major categories of…
1. phospholipids... 2. sphingolipids... 3. cholesterol... (all are amp…
100 terms
Chapter 3 - Biological Foundations
Chromosomes
Gene
Dominant gene
Recessive gene
Structures within the cell body that are made up of genes. Hu…
The unit of heredity that determines a particular characteris…
A gene that is expressed in the offspring whenever it is pres…
A gene that is expressed only when it is matched with a simil…
Chromosomes
Structures within the cell body that are made up of genes. Hu…
Gene
The unit of heredity that determines a particular characteris…
141 terms
Exam 2 Biological Foundations
Traumatic Brain Injury
Causes of TBI
Mild symptoms of TBI
Moderate to Severe symptoms of TBI
occurs when an external mechanical force causes brain dysfunc…
falls, vehicle accidents, blunt forces from being struck by o…
headache, confusion, dizziness, blurred vision, trouble with…
severe headache, nausea or vomiting, seizures, inability to w…
Traumatic Brain Injury
occurs when an external mechanical force causes brain dysfunc…
Causes of TBI
falls, vehicle accidents, blunt forces from being struck by o…
148 terms
Test 3 Biological Foundations
Orbitofrontal Cortex Injury
Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex
Psychopathy
Brain area involved with psychopathy
Behavioral disinhibition - emotional outbursts, profanity, ru…
-bottom middle of prefrontal cortex... -damage results in lack o…
Personality disorder characterized by...... - callousness (unemo…
seems to involve disruptions of orbitofrontal cortex and amyg…
Orbitofrontal Cortex Injury
Behavioral disinhibition - emotional outbursts, profanity, ru…
Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex
-bottom middle of prefrontal cortex... -damage results in lack o…
107 terms
Biological Foundations Quiz 1
action potential
neuron
glia
organelle
the nerve impulse arising in an axon, beings when neuron reac…
a cell of the nervous system that is specialized for informat…
cells in the nervous system that support the activities of ne…
a small structure within a cell that carries out a specific f…
action potential
the nerve impulse arising in an axon, beings when neuron reac…
neuron
a cell of the nervous system that is specialized for informat…
116 terms
Biological Foundations of Behavior
nervous system
neuroscience
complexity
integration
- the body's electrochemical communication circuitry... - p. 58
- the field that studies the nervous system- p. 58
- carrying out multiple functions at once... - application: mult…
- the brain pulling information together (Each neuron on aver…
nervous system
- the body's electrochemical communication circuitry... - p. 58
neuroscience
- the field that studies the nervous system- p. 58
60 terms
Biological Foundations of Behavior
Soma
Bipolar/Multipolar
Myelin
Schwann cells
-Central body of the neuron... -Contains the nucleus ... -Where mos…
One dendrite/Many dendrites
-Insulating sheath that wraps many neurons... -Dramatically spee…
-Form myelin in PNS
Soma
-Central body of the neuron... -Contains the nucleus ... -Where mos…
Bipolar/Multipolar
One dendrite/Many dendrites
153 terms
Biological Foundations Quiz 2
rostral (anterior)
caudal (posterior)
ventral (inferior)
neuraxis
a directional term meaning toward the head of a four-legged a…
a directional term meaning-toward the tail of a four legged a…
a directional term meaning toward the belly of a four-legged…
an imaginary line that runs the length of the spinal cord to…
rostral (anterior)
a directional term meaning toward the head of a four-legged a…
caudal (posterior)
a directional term meaning-toward the tail of a four legged a…
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