Study sets matching "biological psyc"

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Study sets matching "biological psyc"

53 terms
Biological Psychology
Central nervous system (CNS)
Neuron
Cell body
Myelin sheath
Consists of the brain and spinal cord. It send messages betwe…
A cell that carries messages throughout the nervous system.
The part of cell which contains the nucleus.
A layer of insulation, which surrounds the axon.
Central nervous system (CNS)
Consists of the brain and spinal cord. It send messages betwe…
Neuron
A cell that carries messages throughout the nervous system.
Biological Psychology
Biological Psychology
Cerebral Hemispheres
Cerebral cortex
Corpus callosum
the study of physiological, genetic, and developmental mechan…
each of the two parts of the cerebrum (left and right) in the…
the outer layer of the cerebrum (the cerebral cortex ), compo…
a broad band of nerve fibres joining the two hemispheres of t…
Biological Psychology
the study of physiological, genetic, and developmental mechan…
Cerebral Hemispheres
each of the two parts of the cerebrum (left and right) in the…
45 terms
Biological Psychology
Axons
Dendrites
Cell Body
Myelin Sheath
Def: a thin tubelike extension from the neuron cell body ... Loc…
Def: thin tubelike extensions that branch extensively near th…
Def: widest part of the neuron... Location: all cells... Function:c…
Def: a casing that tightly wraps around axons... Location: some…
Axons
Def: a thin tubelike extension from the neuron cell body ... Loc…
Dendrites
Def: thin tubelike extensions that branch extensively near th…
119 terms
Biological Psychology
Biological Psychology
Sensory Neurons
Motor Neurons
Interneurons
how psychology is linked to behavior and thoughts
are responsible for bringing information from sensory receptors
responsible for moving
connects our sensation with movement
Biological Psychology
how psychology is linked to behavior and thoughts
Sensory Neurons
are responsible for bringing information from sensory receptors
259 terms
Biological Psychology
Who was Henry Molaison?
What is epilepsy?
What is the biochemical basis of epile…
What is temporal lobe epilepsy? TLE
Epilepsia = 'taking hold of" = being seized/seizures... arise…
recurrent unprovoked seizures originating from medial or late…
Who was Henry Molaison?
What is epilepsy?
Epilepsia = 'taking hold of" = being seized/seizures... arise…
Biological Psychology
Central nervous system (CNS)
Neuron
Cell body
Myelin sheath
Consists of the brain and spinal cord. It send messages betwe…
A cell that carries messages throughout the nervous system.
The part of cell which contains the nucleus.
A layer of insulation, which surrounds the axon.
Central nervous system (CNS)
Consists of the brain and spinal cord. It send messages betwe…
Neuron
A cell that carries messages throughout the nervous system.
71 terms
Biological Psychology
Biological Psychology
Evolutionary Psychology
Behavior Genetics
Genetic Influence on Behavior
Branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology…
Suited of the evolution behavior using the principles natural…
Study of the power and limits of genetic and environmental in…
Genetics predisposes people toward behavioral/psychological t…
Biological Psychology
Branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology…
Evolutionary Psychology
Suited of the evolution behavior using the principles natural…
Biological Psychology
Axon hillock
Synapse
Synaptic vesicles
Basement membrane
The area of attachment of the axon to the cell body.
Represents a point of close contact between the terminal endi…
Transmitter substance from terminal endings are contained here.
Attacheds the presynaptic membrane to the postsynaptic membra…
Axon hillock
The area of attachment of the axon to the cell body.
Synapse
Represents a point of close contact between the terminal endi…
110 terms
Biological Psychology
cerebellum
medulla
the pons
hindbrain
Brain structure responsible for our sense of balance and coor…
Part of the brain stem involved in basic functions such as he…
Part of the brain stem that connects the cortex with the cere…
Region located between the spinal cord and midbrain that cont…
cerebellum
Brain structure responsible for our sense of balance and coor…
medulla
Part of the brain stem involved in basic functions such as he…
209 terms
Biological Psychology
Life experience can affect the number…
Fact of Fiction... Testosterone is only m…
Fact or Fiction... Only humans seek mind-…
What did Hippocrates believe?
True
Fiction
Fiction
Hippocrates believed that the brain was the seat of intellige…
Life experience can affect the number…
True
Fact of Fiction... Testosterone is only m…
Fiction
Biological Psychology chapter 4
Channel Protein
Receptor Protein
Pump protein
Resting Membrane Potential
A protein embedded in the cell membrane that provides a chann…
A protein in the cell membrane that recognizes and binds a sp…
A protein in the cell membrane that exchanges one type of ion…
The difference in polarity between the inside and the outside…
Channel Protein
A protein embedded in the cell membrane that provides a chann…
Receptor Protein
A protein in the cell membrane that recognizes and binds a sp…
Biological Psychology
Anatomy
Cellular Anatomy
Physiology
Genetics
The study of different organs and structures
the study of cell organelles and structures
the study of how living systems function
the study of how genes and evolution affect biological proces…
Anatomy
The study of different organs and structures
Cellular Anatomy
the study of cell organelles and structures
Biological Psychology
dendrites
soma (cell body)
axon
myelin sheath
-input fibers that carry electrical signals into a neuron fro…
-control center of neuron... -integrates inputs from all dendrit…
-output fiber carries electrical signal from a neuron to a ne…
-a layer of fatty tissue that covers around the axon... -enables…
dendrites
-input fibers that carry electrical signals into a neuron fro…
soma (cell body)
-control center of neuron... -integrates inputs from all dendrit…
225 terms
Biological psychology
psychology
biological psychology
anatomy
cellular anatomy
study of human mind and how it functions
application of the principles of biology to the study of thou…
structure
cell structure
psychology
study of human mind and how it functions
biological psychology
application of the principles of biology to the study of thou…
121 terms
Biological Psychology Test 2
Which process is responsible for sharp…
According to the trichromatic theory,…
All of the following are types of qual…
Cutting the left optic nerve would res…
lateral inhibition
three
sine-wave grating
the left eye
Which process is responsible for sharp…
lateral inhibition
According to the trichromatic theory,…
three
204 terms
Biological Psychology Test 1
A synaptic vessicle is a packet filled…
A class of neurotransmitters that incl…
A drug that blocks neurotransmitter ef…
a drug that mimics or increases the ef…
transmitter substance; neurotransmitters
monoamine
antagonist
agonist
A synaptic vessicle is a packet filled…
transmitter substance; neurotransmitters
A class of neurotransmitters that incl…
monoamine
70 terms
Biological Psychology
absolute refractory period
action potential
adaptation
adoption studies
The minimum length of time after an action potential during w…
a brief shift in a neuron's electrical charge that travels al…
An inherited characteristic that increased in a population (t…
assess hereditary influence by examining the resemblance betw…
absolute refractory period
The minimum length of time after an action potential during w…
action potential
a brief shift in a neuron's electrical charge that travels al…
60 terms
Biological Psychology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sympathetic Nervous System
Parasympathetic Nervous System
Includes the brain and spinal cord. Interneurons. Controls th…
Motor neurons and sensory neurons. Controls feeling, movement…
Controls fight/flight. If over-dominant, can lead to rapid he…
Calms system down. If over-dominant, can result in slow heart…
Central Nervous System
Includes the brain and spinal cord. Interneurons. Controls th…
Peripheral Nervous System
Motor neurons and sensory neurons. Controls feeling, movement…
Biological Psychology
nerve cells (neurons)
Glial cells
cell body (soma)
dendrites
basic unit of nervous system responsible for relaying informa…
90% of NS cells; support nerve cells by providing nutrients,…
contains biochemical machinery
receive information from other neurons or sensory organs
nerve cells (neurons)
basic unit of nervous system responsible for relaying informa…
Glial cells
90% of NS cells; support nerve cells by providing nutrients,…
11 terms
Biological Psychology
Biological Psychology
Principles of Biological Psychology
Neurons: The Messengers
Neurons
-branch of psychology that studies how the body influences be…
-everything psychological is simultaneously biological... -the n…
-about 100 billion neurons (brain cells) in the human brain,…
-about 100 billion: Sensory neurons, motor neurons, inter-neu…
Biological Psychology
-branch of psychology that studies how the body influences be…
Principles of Biological Psychology
-everything psychological is simultaneously biological... -the n…
Biological Psychology
Temporal Lobe
parietal lobe
occipital lobe
frontal lobe
lower part of the cerebral cortex that plays roles in hearing…
upper middle part of the cerebral cortex that is specialized…
back part of the cerebral cortex specialized for vision
forward part of the cerebral cortext responsible for motor fu…
Temporal Lobe
lower part of the cerebral cortex that plays roles in hearing…
parietal lobe
upper middle part of the cerebral cortex that is specialized…
53 terms
Biological psychology
neuron
dendrite
axon
neurotransmitter
nerve cell specialized for communciation
portion of the neuron that receives signals (many per neuron,…
portion of neuron that sends off signals (1 per neuron,long)
chemical messengers specialized for communication from neuron…
neuron
nerve cell specialized for communciation
dendrite
portion of the neuron that receives signals (many per neuron,…
37 terms
Psychology - Biological
high
low
Factors that Influence circadian rhythm
Suprachiasmatic nuclei
Stress has ____ level of awareness
Sleep has ____ level of awareness
-body temp... -hormone... - heart rate... - blood pressure ... -pain thre…
A pace maker in the brain that regulates the firing of nerve…
high
Stress has ____ level of awareness
low
Sleep has ____ level of awareness
61 terms
Biological Psychology
genes
dna
genotype
phenotype
The basic units of heredity.
A molecule formed in a double-helix shape that contains four…
The genetic makeup of an organism.
The physical traits or behavioural characteristics that show…
genes
The basic units of heredity.
dna
A molecule formed in a double-helix shape that contains four…
23 terms
Biological Psychology
Be able to identify lobes of cerebral…
Function of the cerebral cortex.
Function of Wernicke's and Broca's are…
Function of the cerebellum.
highest level of brain/complex thoughts
Broca's area: speech production, language processing... -damage…
regulates motor movements, fine motor skills like balance and…
Be able to identify lobes of cerebral…
Function of the cerebral cortex.
highest level of brain/complex thoughts
73 terms
Biological Psychology
Soma
Myelin sheat
Terminal Button
Synapse
Where proteins are manufacture and integrate information then…
fatty tissue layer encasing the axons; enables a greater tran…
Release neurotransmitters from one cell to the nect
the space between neurons
Soma
Where proteins are manufacture and integrate information then…
Myelin sheat
fatty tissue layer encasing the axons; enables a greater tran…
Biological Psychology
biological psychologists
phrenology
Phineas Gage
neurons
study the links between biological activity and psychological…
studying bumps on the skull; Franz Gall thought this could re…
personality fundamentally changed after a pole went through h…
interconnected nerve cells; the basic building block of the n…
biological psychologists
study the links between biological activity and psychological…
phrenology
studying bumps on the skull; Franz Gall thought this could re…
78 terms
Biological Psychology
neuron
dendrite
axon
synaptic vesicles
nerve cell specialized for communication
portion of neuron that receives signals
portion of neuron that sends signals
spherical sac containing neurotransmitters
neuron
nerve cell specialized for communication
dendrite
portion of neuron that receives signals
22 terms
Biological Psychology Test 3
A change in biological and behavioral…
A 25-hour (or more) sleep-wake cycle t…
A small branch of the optic nerve whic…
After damage to the suprachiasmatic nu…
circadian cycle
free-running rhythm.
retinohypothalamic path.
still has rhythms, but they are less consistent.
A change in biological and behavioral…
circadian cycle
A 25-hour (or more) sleep-wake cycle t…
free-running rhythm.
Biological Psychology
neuron
dendrite
axon
synaptic vesicle
nerve cell specialized for communication
portion of neuron that receives signals
portion of neuron that sends signals
spherical sac containing neurotransmitters
neuron
nerve cell specialized for communication
dendrite
portion of neuron that receives signals
Biological Psychology
Humans have a total of __________ chro…
Genes are located on:
Which of the following describes the r…
adoption studies have:
46
chromosomes
Genes and experience can affect each other.
confirmed what twin studies have shown about genetic influenc…
Humans have a total of __________ chro…
46
Genes are located on:
chromosomes
Biological psychology
Explain the roles of glial cells in th…
Draw a neuron and indicate the princip…
How are the terms neural and synaptic…
Describe the two major nervous systems…
...
...
...
...
Explain the roles of glial cells in th…
...
Draw a neuron and indicate the princip…
...
9 terms
biological psychology
biological psychology
neuron
sensory neurons
motor neurons
study of links between biology and behavior
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
neurons that carry outgoing information from the brain and sp…
biological psychology
study of links between biology and behavior
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
39 terms
Biological Psychology
Mind Body Problem
All or None Law
Occipital Lobe
Holism
Physical versus mental
The characteristics of an action potential, amplitude, veloci…
Processing, integration, (primary) interpretation of visual i…
"All sensation, percept and volition is then essentially one…
Mind Body Problem
Physical versus mental
All or None Law
The characteristics of an action potential, amplitude, veloci…
82 terms
AP Psychology Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Synaptic vesicles
Nerve cell specialized for communication
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
Tiny pouches or sacs in the axon terminals that contain chemi…
Neuron
Nerve cell specialized for communication
Dendrite
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
351 terms
Biological Psychology
Neuron
biological psychology
neuroscience
conserved
nerve cell, basic unit of the nervous system
behavioural neuroscience, the study of biological bases of ps…
the study of the nervous system
in the context of evolution, refferring to a trait that is pa…
Neuron
nerve cell, basic unit of the nervous system
biological psychology
behavioural neuroscience, the study of biological bases of ps…
Biological psychology
glial cell
neural plasticity
cerebrum
basal ganglia
any cell that is non neural
when something causes the structure of the brain to change sh…
Area of the brain responsible for all voluntary activities of…
A portion of the forebrain that coordinates muscle movement a…
glial cell
any cell that is non neural
neural plasticity
when something causes the structure of the brain to change sh…
51 terms
Biological Psychology
Hindbrain
Medulla
Cerebellum
Pons
the back part of brain
vital organs
movement and balance
sleep and arousal
Hindbrain
the back part of brain
Medulla
vital organs
Biological Psychology
Somatic intervention
Behavioral Intervention
Correlation
Bio Psychology / Behavioral Neuroscience
Alter a structure or function of the brain or body to see how…
The scientist intervenes in the bx of an organism and looks f…
covarriation of two measures; finding the extent to which a g…
Study and understand the biology underlying behavior and expe…
Somatic intervention
Alter a structure or function of the brain or body to see how…
Behavioral Intervention
The scientist intervenes in the bx of an organism and looks f…
103 terms
biological psychology
what disease is caused by a faulty cop…
give an example of a link between beha…
TELOMERES
SOMATIC INTERVENTION
Rett Syndrome
ostracism and physical pain: (Eisenberger, Liberman, Williams…
parts of 'fake' DNA at the end of real strands of DNA - these…
measure changes in behaviours after the administration of int…
what disease is caused by a faulty cop…
Rett Syndrome
give an example of a link between beha…
ostracism and physical pain: (Eisenberger, Liberman, Williams…
144 terms
biological psychology
action potential
amygdala
autonomic nervous system
axon
the electrical signal arising in a neuron's axon
a subcortical structure located in the temporal lobe believed…
the division of the peripheral nervous system that directs th…
the branch of a neuron that is usually responsible for transm…
action potential
the electrical signal arising in a neuron's axon
amygdala
a subcortical structure located in the temporal lobe believed…
25 terms
Biological Psychology
Neurons
Neurotransmitters
Cells
Myelin sheath
Nerve cells specialized for communication
Chemical messengers that neurons use to communicate with each…
Brains most basic unit
Glial cell wrapped around axons that act as insulators of the…
Neurons
Nerve cells specialized for communication
Neurotransmitters
Chemical messengers that neurons use to communicate with each…
53 terms
AP Unit 3- Biological Psychology
lesion
electroencephalogram (EEG)
CT (computed tomography) scan
PET (positron emission tomography) scan
tissue destruction. A naturally or experimentally caused dest…
an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
a series of X-ray photographs taken from different angles and…
a visual display of brain activity that detects where a radio…
lesion
tissue destruction. A naturally or experimentally caused dest…
electroencephalogram (EEG)
an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
71 terms
Biological Psychology
Biological Psychology
Evolutionary Psychology
Behavior Genetics
Genetic Influence on Behavior
Branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology…
Suited of the evolution behavior using the principles natural…
Study of the power and limits of genetic and environmental in…
Genetics predisposes people toward behavioral/psychological t…
Biological Psychology
Branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology…
Evolutionary Psychology
Suited of the evolution behavior using the principles natural…
Biological Psychology
dorsal column- medial lemniscal system
dorsal column nucleus
medial lemniscus
ventral posterolateral thalamic nucleus
a somatosensory pathway that begins in the spinal cord and tr…
a group of neurons in the medulla that receives neural messag…
a ribbon like band of fibers in the dorsal column- medial lem…
a group of neurons that receives information about touch and…
dorsal column- medial lemniscal system
a somatosensory pathway that begins in the spinal cord and tr…
dorsal column nucleus
a group of neurons in the medulla that receives neural messag…
Biological Psychology
aphasia
nonfluent aphasia
fluent aphasia
brocas aphasia
an acquired impairment in the use of language
a difficulty producing fluent, well articulated, and self ini…
an inability to understand the language of others and the pro…
a communicative disorder caused by damage to the left cerebra…
aphasia
an acquired impairment in the use of language
nonfluent aphasia
a difficulty producing fluent, well articulated, and self ini…
Biological Psychology
williams syndrome
arcuate fasciculus
wernicke- geschwind model
angular gyrus
a rare genetic disorder in which relatively intact language a…
a bundle of nerve fibers in the brain that connects wernickes…
a model language processing in which language is comprehended…
an area of the parietal lobe with connections to wenickes are…
williams syndrome
a rare genetic disorder in which relatively intact language a…
arcuate fasciculus
a bundle of nerve fibers in the brain that connects wernickes…
Biological Psychology
sound
pitch
loudness
timbre
vibrations in a material medium, such as air, water or metal
the perception of the frequency of a sound wave, measured in…
the perception of the amplitude of a sound wave, measured in…
the purity of a sound; the combination of frequencies that gi…
sound
vibrations in a material medium, such as air, water or metal
pitch
the perception of the frequency of a sound wave, measured in…
Biological Psychology
photo receptor
cornea
aqueous humor
iris
receptor cell located in the back of the eye that transduces…
transparent outer layer of the eyeball
a clear fluid that fills the anterior chamber of the eye
bands of muscles covered by the colored tissue of the eye
photo receptor
receptor cell located in the back of the eye that transduces…
cornea
transparent outer layer of the eyeball
37 terms
Psychology - biological
dendrites
broca's area
aphasia
alexia
receive incoming messages
production of speech
impaired language ability
can't read
dendrites
receive incoming messages
broca's area
production of speech
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