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Study sets matching "biology 1 meiosis"

9 terms
Meiosis Stages Biology 1
Interphase
Prophase I
Metaphase I
Anaphase I
Resting stage and chromosomes duplicate
Tetrads form and crossing over can occur
Tetrads align along eqauter
Tetrads go to opposite poles
Interphase
Resting stage and chromosomes duplicate
Prophase I
Tetrads form and crossing over can occur
Biology, Chapter 10.1, Meiosis
gene
homologous chromosomes
gamete
haploid
segment of a chromosome containing the DNA; important in dete…
chromosomes that make up a pair, one from each parent
sex cells which have half the number of chromosomes; in human…
cell having 1 copy of each chromosome
gene
segment of a chromosome containing the DNA; important in dete…
homologous chromosomes
chromosomes that make up a pair, one from each parent
8 terms
Biology, Chapter 10.1, Meiosis
gene
homologous chromosomes
gamete
haploid
segment of a chromosome containing the DNA; important in dete…
chromosomes that make up a pair, one from each parent
sex cells which have half the number of chromosomes; in human…
cell having 1 copy of each chromosome
gene
segment of a chromosome containing the DNA; important in dete…
homologous chromosomes
chromosomes that make up a pair, one from each parent
12 terms
Biology Section 5.1: Sexual Reproduction & Meiosis
Sexual reproduction
Fertilization
Zygote
Gamete
the process in which a new individual is produced by the unio…
the union of two sex cells (gametes) during sexual reproduction
the single cell formed from fertilization
a specialized haploid sex cell
Sexual reproduction
the process in which a new individual is produced by the unio…
Fertilization
the union of two sex cells (gametes) during sexual reproduction
8 terms
Biology - Ch 10.1: Meiosis
gene
homologous chromosome
gametes
haploid
functional unit that control inherited trait expression that…
chromosome that make up a pair, one chromosome from each parent
sex cells that have half the number of chromosomes
cell with half the number of chromosomes (n)
gene
functional unit that control inherited trait expression that…
homologous chromosome
chromosome that make up a pair, one chromosome from each parent
21 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary 10.1 Meiosis
Anaphase
Centromere
Chiasma (Chiasmata)
Chromatid
The stage in cell division in which homologous chromosomes (i…
The region where sister chromatids are joined and where the s…
Point of crossing over between homologous chromosomes in Prop…
One of the two copies of a chromosome after it has replicated…
Anaphase
The stage in cell division in which homologous chromosomes (i…
Centromere
The region where sister chromatids are joined and where the s…
27 terms
Chapter 10.1 Meiosis (Glencoe Biology)
Heredity
Genetics
Gene
Gamete
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Branch of biology that studies heredity.
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Male and female sex cells; sperm and eggs.
Heredity
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Genetics
Branch of biology that studies heredity.
24 terms
Biology 6.1; Meiosis
Somatic Cells
Gametes
Homologous Chromosomes
Autosomes
body cells that make up most of the body tissues and organs
sex cells: ova for females, spermatozoa for males. DNA from t…
pairs of chromosomes that have the same length and general sa…
chromosome pairs 1- 22; chromosomes that contain genes for CH…
Somatic Cells
body cells that make up most of the body tissues and organs
Gametes
sex cells: ova for females, spermatozoa for males. DNA from t…
17 terms
BIOLOGY - phases of meiosis (meiosis 1 and 2)
MEIOSIS 1 : Interphase 1 : what happens?
Prophase 1 : Part 1 :
Prophase 1 : Part Tetrad :
Prophase 1 : Part Crossing over :
The cell replicates its chromosomes and centrioles replicate.…
the chromosomes coil up, spindles form, nuclear envelope brea…
The chromatids in a tetrad pair tightly, so tightly that non-…
Crossing over can occur at any location on a chromosome, and…
MEIOSIS 1 : Interphase 1 : what happens?
The cell replicates its chromosomes and centrioles replicate.…
Prophase 1 : Part 1 :
the chromosomes coil up, spindles form, nuclear envelope brea…
53 terms
biology meiosis 1
genes
homologous chromosomes
gametes
haploid
the DNA of chromsomes arranged into segments that controls th…
chromosomes that make up a pair, one chromosome for each parent
sex cells with half the number of chromosomes as a diploid cell
a cell with 23 chromosomes
genes
the DNA of chromsomes arranged into segments that controls th…
homologous chromosomes
chromosomes that make up a pair, one chromosome for each parent
13 terms
biology 1- mitosis & meiosis
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
telophase
-chromosomes condense ... -find sister chromosomes ... -connect... -go…
-line up at the middle ... -spindles attach to the centromere
-spindles pull and the sisters separate and move to the poles
-cell furrows ... -two new cells become visible ... -nuclear membra…
prophase
-chromosomes condense ... -find sister chromosomes ... -connect... -go…
metaphase
-line up at the middle ... -spindles attach to the centromere
39 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis (Biology 1)
Somatic Cells
cell cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
all the cells in the body except the sex cells (gametes); the…
the process that somatic cells go through in order to grow an…
the longest part of a cell cycle when the cell grows and deve…
the part of the cell cycle when the nucleus divides
Somatic Cells
all the cells in the body except the sex cells (gametes); the…
cell cycle
the process that somatic cells go through in order to grow an…
76 terms
Biology: Mitosis & Meiosis 1
Interphase S
Interphase G2
Mitosis prophase
Mitosis Metaphase
Synthesis; DNA copies
Grows; prepares for mitosis
First phase... DNA scrunches ... (chromosome)... Centriole/fibers fo…
Chromosomes line up in the middle
Interphase S
Synthesis; DNA copies
Interphase G2
Grows; prepares for mitosis
54 terms
Biology1: Genetics and Meiosis
Mitosis
Mitosis
4 phases of mitosis
Mitosis
Cell division
All cells go through this process
Prophase... Metaphase ... Telophase ... Anaphase
1 diploid cell splits into 2 identical diploid cells
Mitosis
Cell division
Mitosis
All cells go through this process
11 terms
Biology 7.1 Meiosis
Meiosis
Meiosis Stages
Meiosis vs. Mitosis
Prophase 1
-Cell division used for sexual reproduction​... -Parent cell (di…
-Meiosis is divided into two stages​... ---Meiosis I and Meiosis…
Mitosis​:... -1 parent cell​... -2 daughter cells​... -Identical daugh…
-Chromosomes condense and pair with homologues​... -Crossing ove…
Meiosis
-Cell division used for sexual reproduction​... -Parent cell (di…
Meiosis Stages
-Meiosis is divided into two stages​... ---Meiosis I and Meiosis…
8 terms
Biology Vocab Meiosis 11.1
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrids
scientific study of heredity
sexual reproduction
specific characteristics of an individual
cross between parents with different traits
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
sexual reproduction
17 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 10.1 Meiosis
diploid
gametes
crossing over
fusion of gametes
an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice t…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
occurs when two haploids (an egg and sperm) join to form one…
diploid
an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice t…
gametes
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 7.1: Meiosis
Meiosis
Crossing-Over
Independent Assortment
Spermatogenesis
A process in cell division during which the number of chromos…
The exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosom…
The random distribution of the pairs of genes on different ch…
The process by which male gametes form
Meiosis
A process in cell division during which the number of chromos…
Crossing-Over
The exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosom…
33 terms
Biology 1 Meiosis
Diploid
Gene
Alleles
Gametes
a cell with two of each kind of chromosome... -said to contain 2…
a segment of DNA that controls protein production and the cel…
one member of a pair or series of genes that occupy a specifi…
reproductive cell that contains each kind of chromosome
Diploid
a cell with two of each kind of chromosome... -said to contain 2…
Gene
a segment of DNA that controls protein production and the cel…
biology meiosis 1 review
gamete
chiasmata
prophase 1
metaphase 1
sex cells proper name
where homologous cells connect (prophase 1)
forms bivalents, connects chiasmatas, and cross-over occurs
chromosomes line up in pairs at the cell plate
gamete
sex cells proper name
chiasmata
where homologous cells connect (prophase 1)
10 terms
Meiosis Biology 1
Somatic Cell
Gametes
Homologous Chromosomes
Autosome
Body cells
Sex cells
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Somatic Cell
Body cells
Gametes
Sex cells
13 terms
Biology 1: Meiosis
Somatic cells
Gamete cells (sex cells)
Steps of Meiosis
Interphase
body cells, made in mitosis, diploid, has homologus pairs
made in meiosis, haploid,
interphase, prophase 1, metaphase 1, anaphase 1, telophase 1,…
G1-cell grows, synthesis- dna replicates, g2-organelles grow
Somatic cells
body cells, made in mitosis, diploid, has homologus pairs
Gamete cells (sex cells)
made in meiosis, haploid,
16 terms
Biology- 6.1 meiosis
somatic cells
gametes
genes
alleles
all the cells that make up an organism except for the gametes.
sex cells (egg, sperm, pollen)
a piece of DNA that provides a set of instructions to a cell…
alternative forms of a gene
somatic cells
all the cells that make up an organism except for the gametes.
gametes
sex cells (egg, sperm, pollen)
16 terms
Biology- 6.1 meiosis
somatic cells
gametes
genes
alleles
all the cells that make up an organism except for the gametes.
sex cells (egg, sperm, pollen)
a piece of DNA that provides a set of instructions to a cell…
alternative forms of a gene
somatic cells
all the cells that make up an organism except for the gametes.
gametes
sex cells (egg, sperm, pollen)
16 terms
Biology- 6.1 meiosis
somatic cells
gametes
genes
alleles
all the cells that make up an organism except for the gametes.
sex cells (egg, sperm, pollen)
a piece of DNA that provides a set of instructions to a cell…
alternative forms of a gene
somatic cells
all the cells that make up an organism except for the gametes.
gametes
sex cells (egg, sperm, pollen)
11 terms
Biology: 6.1 - Chromosomes and Meiosis
germ cells
somatic cells
gametes
homologous chromosomes
the cells in your reproductive organs - ovaries or testes - t…
all the other cells in your body (not germ cells)
egg cells and sperm cells
2 chromosomes - one from the mother and one from the father -…
germ cells
the cells in your reproductive organs - ovaries or testes - t…
somatic cells
all the other cells in your body (not germ cells)
21 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary 10.1 Meiosis
Anaphase
Centromere
Chiasma (Chiasmata)
Chromatid
The stage in cell division in which homologous chromosomes (i…
The region where sister chromatids are joined and where the s…
Point of crossing over between homologous chromosomes in Prop…
One of the two copies of a chromosome after it has replicated…
Anaphase
The stage in cell division in which homologous chromosomes (i…
Centromere
The region where sister chromatids are joined and where the s…
11 terms
Biology Meiosis 1&2
Meiosis 1
Interphase 1
Prophase 1
Metaphase 1
1. Interphase 1... 2. Prophase 1... 3. Metaphase 1... 4. Telophase 1 &…
Cells undergo a round of DNA replication, forming duplicate c…
Each chromosome pairs with its corresponding homologous chrom…
Spindle fibers attach to the chromosomes
Meiosis 1
1. Interphase 1... 2. Prophase 1... 3. Metaphase 1... 4. Telophase 1 &…
Interphase 1
Cells undergo a round of DNA replication, forming duplicate c…
12 terms
biology meiosis 10.1
genes
homologous chromosomes
gamete
haploid
functional unit that controls inherited trait expression that…
one of two paired chromosomes, one from each parent, that car…
haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine wit…
cell with half the number of chromosomes(n) as a diploid(2n)…
genes
functional unit that controls inherited trait expression that…
homologous chromosomes
one of two paired chromosomes, one from each parent, that car…
14 terms
Biology 1 Meiosis Vocab
Autosome
Egg
Haploid
Polar Body
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
The female reproductive cell in animals and plants; an ovum
Having a single set of unpaired chromosomes or a organism or…
Each of the small cells that bud off from an oocyte at the tw…
Autosome
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Egg
The female reproductive cell in animals and plants; an ovum
14 terms
Meiosis - Biology 1
Autosome
Centrioles
Crossing Over
Egg
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
The exchange of corresponding segments of the chromatids of t…
Female sex cell
Autosome
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
Centrioles
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
17 terms
DP Biology Vocabulary - 10.1 Meiosis
diploid
gametes
crossing over
fusion of gametes
(genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
occurs when two haploids (an egg and sperm) join to form one…
diploid
(genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes…
gametes
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
20 terms
Biology 1 Mitosis, Meiosis
The process by which a cell divides in…
One of two distinct strands that make…
The process by which a cells cytoplasm…
Fine threads scattered within the cell…
Cell division
Chromatid
Cytokinesis
Chromatin
The process by which a cell divides in…
Cell division
One of two distinct strands that make…
Chromatid
13 terms
Biology- Mitosis & Meiosis1
Sex cell is ___?
Meiosis 2 ____ the # of chromosomes of…
___, the resulting cells have 23 pairs…
___, the resulting cells of 23 chromos…
Haploid
Reduces
Mitosis
Meiosis
Sex cell is ___?
Haploid
Meiosis 2 ____ the # of chromosomes of…
Reduces
15 terms
Biology LT1 meiosis
Number of cells through meiosis vs mit…
How do the genetic contents of cells r…
What does mitosis do
what is the purpose of meiosis
mitosis creates 2 diploid... meiosis creates 4 haploid cells
Because DNA crossing allows for the cells to look different f…
grow and repair
sexual reproduction and genetic diversity
Number of cells through meiosis vs mit…
mitosis creates 2 diploid... meiosis creates 4 haploid cells
How do the genetic contents of cells r…
Because DNA crossing allows for the cells to look different f…
10 terms
Biology 6.1 Chromosomes and Meiosis
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
Body cells, make up most of your body tissues and organs
Sex cells; A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes un…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome; there are 22 aut…
somatic cell
Body cells, make up most of your body tissues and organs
gamete
Sex cells; A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes un…
19 terms
Rosenthal Biology 1 Meiosis
An organism's reproductive cells, such…
A form of asexual reproduction in bact…
A segment of DNA that codes for a prot…
At the beginning of cell division, DNA…
Gametes
Binary Fission
Gene
Chromosome
An organism's reproductive cells, such…
Gametes
A form of asexual reproduction in bact…
Binary Fission
19 terms
Biology Meiosis
Prophase I
Metaphase I
Anaphase I
Telophase I
Each chromosome comes near its replicated chromosome pair. Nu…
The pairs of homologous chromosomes line up in the center of…
Homologous chromosomes are pulled to opposite ends of the cel…
The cytoplasm divides and two new cells form. Each new cell h…
Prophase I
Each chromosome comes near its replicated chromosome pair. Nu…
Metaphase I
The pairs of homologous chromosomes line up in the center of…
20 terms
Biology section 1 meiosis
Traits
Chromosomes
Genes
Gene
Characteristics passed on by parents
Where The instructions for traits are located
DNA segments that are located on chromosomes and contain the…
A sequence of DNA that codes for a single protein
Traits
Characteristics passed on by parents
Chromosomes
Where The instructions for traits are located
36 terms
Biology 1 Final- Mitosis and Meiosis
Fertilization
Diploid
Chromosome
Egg
the process of joining a egg and a sperm together
a cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes
a structure that is made of tightly coiled DNA
female reproductive sex cell
Fertilization
the process of joining a egg and a sperm together
Diploid
a cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes
14 terms
Biology 1 Mitosis and Meiosis
cell replicates it's DNA which is stor…
-cell packages it's DNA into chromosom…
-spindle apparatus formed... -paired-up h…
-homologous chromosomes become randoml…
interphase
prophase 1
metaphase 1
anaphase 1
cell replicates it's DNA which is stor…
interphase
-cell packages it's DNA into chromosom…
prophase 1
8 terms
Biology, Chapter 10.1, Meiosis
gene
homologous chromosomes
gamete
haploid
segment of a chromosome containing the DNA; important in dete…
chromosomes that make up a pair, one from each parent
sex cells which have half the number of chromosomes; in human…
cell having 1 copy of each chromosome
gene
segment of a chromosome containing the DNA; important in dete…
homologous chromosomes
chromosomes that make up a pair, one from each parent
Biology 1 Chapter 13: Meiosis
Sperm
Gamete
Meiosis
Sex Chromosome
A mature male gamete; smaller and more mobile than the female…
A haploid reproductive cell that can fuse with another haploi…
In sexually reproducing organisms, a special two-stage type o…
Chromosomes that differ in shape or in number in males and fe…
Sperm
A mature male gamete; smaller and more mobile than the female…
Gamete
A haploid reproductive cell that can fuse with another haploi…
8 terms
IB Biology Unit 10.1: Meiosis
When do chromosomes replicate?
What is crossing over and when does it…
Draw and annotate a diagram of crossin…
How does the formation of chiasmata le…
during S phase;... of interphase;
exchange of genetic material (DNA) between non-sister chromat…
Chiasmata formation between non-sister chromatids... in a bivale…
When do chromosomes replicate?
during S phase;... of interphase;
What is crossing over and when does it…
exchange of genetic material (DNA) between non-sister chromat…
Biology 1 Mitosis and Meiosis
cell cycle
synthesis
mitosis
cytokinesis
a regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divisi…
combining of parts to make a whole
division of cell nucleus and its contents
division of cell cytoplasm
cell cycle
a regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divisi…
synthesis
combining of parts to make a whole
18 terms
Biology - Ch 10.1: Meiosis
gene
homologous chromosome
gametes
haploid
functional unit that control inherited trait expression that…
chromosome that make up a pair, one chromosome from each parent
sex cells that have half the number of chromosomes
cell with half the number of chromosomes (n)
gene
functional unit that control inherited trait expression that…
homologous chromosome
chromosome that make up a pair, one chromosome from each parent
8 terms
Biology Ch 10 Section 10-1 Meiosis
gene
homologous chromosome
gametes
haploid
functional unit that control inherited trait expression that…
one of two paired chromosomes, one from each parent, that car…
a haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
cell with half the number of chromosomes (n) as a diploid (2n…
gene
functional unit that control inherited trait expression that…
homologous chromosome
one of two paired chromosomes, one from each parent, that car…
8 terms
Biology Ch. 7: Meiosis 1 and Meiosis 2
prophase 1
metaphase 1
anaphase 1
telephone 1
begins win a 2N cell... -genetic material condenses into chromos…
homologous pairs line up in the center of the cell
-microtubules retract... -homologous pairs are separated... -move t…
-results in the formation of 2 haploid cells... -the genetic mat…
prophase 1
begins win a 2N cell... -genetic material condenses into chromos…
metaphase 1
homologous pairs line up in the center of the cell
27 terms
J. Tate Biology 1 GCHS Mitosis/Meiosis
Anaphase
cancer
cell cycle
Centriole
A phase of mitosis and meiosis in which the chromosomes separ…
The uncontrolled growth of cells.
The events of cell division; includes interphase, mitosis, an…
A structure that appears during mitosis in animal cells.
Anaphase
A phase of mitosis and meiosis in which the chromosomes separ…
cancer
The uncontrolled growth of cells.
20 terms
Biology 6.1 Review (Meiosis terms)
somatic cells
gametes
spermatozoa
chromosome
Body cells, make up the tissues & organs
Sex cells, the egg & sperm
male gamete
a long, continuous strand of DNA
somatic cells
Body cells, make up the tissues & organs
gametes
Sex cells, the egg & sperm
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