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Study sets matching "biology 1 plant"

132 terms
Plant Biology Exam 1
Protoplasm
Protoplast
cytoplasm
cytosol
All living components of a cell
protoplasm of a plant whose cell has been removed
Everything between membrane and nucleus
Fluid in which organelles are dispersed
Protoplasm
All living components of a cell
Protoplast
protoplasm of a plant whose cell has been removed
16 terms
Plant Biology Vocabulary 1 BASIC
Kingdom Plantae
bryophytes
vascular
ferns
A Kingdom of Domain Eukarya; members are photosynthetic, have…
lack vascular tissue and true stems, leaves, and roots; but a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
Any of numerous flowerless, seedless vascular plants having r…
Kingdom Plantae
A Kingdom of Domain Eukarya; members are photosynthetic, have…
bryophytes
lack vascular tissue and true stems, leaves, and roots; but a…
21 terms
1 Introduction to Plant Biology
Hypothesis
Experiment
Data
Variable
A tentative theory about the natural world
The act of conducting a controlled test or investigation
A collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn
Something that is changed in an experiment
Hypothesis
A tentative theory about the natural world
Experiment
The act of conducting a controlled test or investigation
94 terms
Plant Biology Chapter 1
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Eukaryote
Four Groups of Eukaryotes
An organism that cannot manufacture organic compounds and so…
An organism that is able to synthesize the nutritive substanc…
A cell that has a membrane bounded nucleus and membrane bound…
Plants, Animals, Fungi, Protists
Heterotroph
An organism that cannot manufacture organic compounds and so…
Autotroph
An organism that is able to synthesize the nutritive substanc…
56 terms
Plant Biology Chapter 1
Cinnamon
Cinnamon can treat
Fankinsense
Characteristics of Plants
Cinnamomum cassia
- Muscle spasms... - Diarrhea... - Infections... - Vomiting... - Loss of…
Bowellia sacra ... FRANK has a SACRed BOWEL
Green and photosynthetic... - Cell wall composed of cellulose... -…
Cinnamon
Cinnamomum cassia
Cinnamon can treat
- Muscle spasms... - Diarrhea... - Infections... - Vomiting... - Loss of…
10 terms
biology plant names 1
Sweet Gum
flowering dogwood
red maple
scarlet oak
iquidambar styraciflua
Cornus florida
Acer rubrum
Quercus coccinea
Sweet Gum
iquidambar styraciflua
flowering dogwood
Cornus florida
111 terms
Exam 1- Plant Biology
monophyletic
polyphyletic
organic compounds
20
related by descent
organisms that have different/multiple origins
lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
the number of amino acids
monophyletic
related by descent
polyphyletic
organisms that have different/multiple origins
237 terms
plant biology exam 1
no; only higher level plants
yes
yes
both use flagella to swim towards egg
do all plants make seeds
do all plants make spores?
do all plants make sperm?
similarity between plant and human sperm?
no; only higher level plants
do all plants make seeds
yes
do all plants make spores?
26 terms
Plant Biology Chapter 1
Horticulture
Agriculture
agriculture moving towards a more hort…
How have humans impacted the environme…
Science of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers or ornamental…
Science or occupation concerned with cultivating land, raisin…
-disease resistant plants... -adding organic matter back into th…
-erosion... -water pollution... -deforestation... -loss of biodiversit…
Horticulture
Science of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers or ornamental…
Agriculture
Science or occupation concerned with cultivating land, raisin…
140 terms
Plant Biology Unit 1
What is life?
Plant
Plant Structure (2 main parts)
Flowers
1. Organized ... 2. Stable Composition... 3. Take and use energy fr…
1. Multi-cellular... 2. Cellulose Rich Cell Wall... 3. Chlorophyll…
1. Shoot; grows above... 2. Root; below ground + Anchors and abs…
Specialize shoot where reproduction occurs... + Seeds and fruits…
What is life?
1. Organized ... 2. Stable Composition... 3. Take and use energy fr…
Plant
1. Multi-cellular... 2. Cellulose Rich Cell Wall... 3. Chlorophyll…
8 terms
Plant Biology 1
Plant anatomy
Plant physiology
Plant taxonomy
Plant systematics
A branch of botany concerned with the internal structure of p…
A branch of botany concerned with plant function
A branch of botany involving naming, describing and classifyi…
A branch of botany that involves developing methods for group…
Plant anatomy
A branch of botany concerned with the internal structure of p…
Plant physiology
A branch of botany concerned with plant function
79 terms
Organismal Biology - PLANTS 1
Eudicot
Monocot
Plasmodesmata
Node
Vast majority of angiosperms with two embryonic seed leaves (…
Clade of flowering plants (angiosperms) with one embryonic se…
Pores. Cytoplasmic strands that connect two adjacent plant ce…
Point on the stem where a leaf is attached.
Eudicot
Vast majority of angiosperms with two embryonic seed leaves (…
Monocot
Clade of flowering plants (angiosperms) with one embryonic se…
26 terms
Plant Biology 1
Characteristics of Plants
Cereals/Legumes
Aloe vera
Theobroma cacao
1) Multicellular... 2) Cellulose-rich walls... 3) Photosynthetic... 4)…
~Fertile Crescent... ~Wheat has highest protein content... ~Cereals…
Laxative
~Antioxidants... ~Prevent cell damage by O2... ~Increase artery dia…
Characteristics of Plants
1) Multicellular... 2) Cellulose-rich walls... 3) Photosynthetic... 4)…
Cereals/Legumes
~Fertile Crescent... ~Wheat has highest protein content... ~Cereals…
38 terms
Plant Biology - Lectures 1
Cells
What is the major difference between P…
Where were cells first seen?
Robert Hooke
-fundamental unit of life ... -defined by a plasma membrane
-Eukaryotic cells have the presence of membrane-bound organel…
-in plants
-first saw cell walls in cork
Cells
-fundamental unit of life ... -defined by a plasma membrane
What is the major difference between P…
-Eukaryotic cells have the presence of membrane-bound organel…
166 terms
Plant Biology Exam #1
Botany
Why are plants important?
Autotrophic plants
Photosynthesis
The scientific study of plants and "plant-like" organisms
Plants are absolutely essential, they produce oxygen and can…
Usually self-feeding green plants that create their food thro…
Process through which plants make food (sugar) using light en…
Botany
The scientific study of plants and "plant-like" organisms
Why are plants important?
Plants are absolutely essential, they produce oxygen and can…
38 terms
Plant Biology : Lecture 1
botany
Transgenic Plants
4.6
3.8 to 2.2
Greek for plants but means to feed
genetically engineered plants that have adopted a new functio…
how many billions of years ago did earth form?
how many billion years ago was oxygen first produced
botany
Greek for plants but means to feed
Transgenic Plants
genetically engineered plants that have adopted a new functio…
57 terms
Plant Biology Test 1
A plant was once defined as an organis…
Supergroup Archaeplastida is character…
Latin for Supergroup Archaeplastida
_______is an organelle with a double p…
1) had a cell wall ... 2) made spores ... 3) might carry out photos…
with plastids
old plastid
plastid
A plant was once defined as an organis…
1) had a cell wall ... 2) made spores ... 3) might carry out photos…
Supergroup Archaeplastida is character…
with plastids
5 terms
9.1 Plant biology
Large surface area
Thin
Chlorophyll
Network of Veins
to absorb more light
Short distance for CO2 to diffuse into leaf cells
Absorb sunlight
Support the Leaf transport water and carbohydrates
Large surface area
to absorb more light
Thin
Short distance for CO2 to diffuse into leaf cells
83 terms
Plant Biology Midterm #1
Golgi Apparatus
Vacuoles
Peroxisomes (Microbodies)
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Structure: ... Consists of 5-8 flattened sacs... Function: ... Process…
Structure: ... Single membrane bound by tonoplast ... Contents: cel…
Structure: ... Contain protein body... No internal membranes, no DN…
Structure: ... Comprised of parallel membranes creating and inte…
Golgi Apparatus
Structure: ... Consists of 5-8 flattened sacs... Function: ... Process…
Vacuoles
Structure: ... Single membrane bound by tonoplast ... Contents: cel…
26 terms
Biology 1: Plant Vocabulary
anther
apical meristem
meristem
cotyledon
in flowering plants, the tip of a stamen, which contains the…
the growing region at the tips of stems and roots in plants
a region of undifferentiated plant cells that are capable of…
the embryonic leaf of a seed
anther
in flowering plants, the tip of a stamen, which contains the…
apical meristem
the growing region at the tips of stems and roots in plants
8 terms
Plant Biology Chapter 1
Stomatolites
ability to grow, reproduce, and pass o…
-Primitive heterotrophs competed for l…
Autotrophs
Earliest known fossils
What characterizes life?
How did plants evolve?
Those that could make make their own energy-rich molecules ou…
Stomatolites
Earliest known fossils
ability to grow, reproduce, and pass o…
What characterizes life?
11 terms
UWCSEA - IGCSE Biology - Plant Transport Answers 1
What are the functions of xylem and ph…
Where would you find xylem and phloem?…
What is path (naming each part in orde…
How does red dye and celery show the m…
Xylem transports water;... and mineral ions;... such as nitrates an…
In vascular bundles;
water around roots-->root hair cells--> xylem in roots --> xy…
Dye is taken up the xylem;... travels up the length of the plant…
What are the functions of xylem and ph…
Xylem transports water;... and mineral ions;... such as nitrates an…
Where would you find xylem and phloem?…
In vascular bundles;
176 terms
Plant Biology Exam 1
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Cell Wall
Growth
Fluid bounded by membrane, consists of all cellular component…
Houses DNA and is a small spherical structure suspended in cy…
Bounds the cytoplasm and helps the cell with support and rigi…
Increase in mass accompanied by an increase in volume
Cytoplasm
Fluid bounded by membrane, consists of all cellular component…
Nucleus
Houses DNA and is a small spherical structure suspended in cy…
17 terms
Plant Biology Chapter 1
Plant Anatomy
Plant Physiology
Taxonomy
Plant Geography
Internal structure of plants
Plant function
Systems of classifications and naming
Plant distrubutions
Plant Anatomy
Internal structure of plants
Plant Physiology
Plant function
225 terms
Plant Biology Exam 1
Botany
food, spices, energy, clothing, medici…
chlorophyll pigments
plants, algae, some bacteria
The study of plants
The 8 uses people have for plants:
What allows organisms to make oxygen?
What organisms can make oxygen?
Botany
The study of plants
food, spices, energy, clothing, medici…
The 8 uses people have for plants:
32 terms
Plant biology quiz 1
Animal -like protists
Protists
Diplomonadida
Parabasalids
Diplomonadida ... Parabasalids
Euk. Organisms having nuclei, organielles, 9+2, cilia ... Most n…
Giardia lambia... Lacks plastics... No mitochondria, DNA, or chloro…
Trichonomas vanginalis... Harmless until change in ph... Acquired f…
Animal -like protists
Diplomonadida ... Parabasalids
Protists
Euk. Organisms having nuclei, organielles, 9+2, cilia ... Most n…
11 terms
Plant Biology Chapter 1
Genetics
Plant Geography
Plant Morphology
Hypothesis
the biological discipline involving the study of heredity
the space relations of plant and their distribution over the…
plant form and development
observed facts that must be tested experimentally before it c…
Genetics
the biological discipline involving the study of heredity
Plant Geography
the space relations of plant and their distribution over the…
52 terms
Plant Biology Test 1
All plants can/are:
Bacteria
Protist
Fungi
-Photosynthesis... -Multicellular... -Cell walls made of cellulose
-Some can photosynthesis (ie: cyanobacteria)... -Unicellular... -Ce…
-Some can photosynthesis (ie: algae)... -Mostly unicellular (som…
-No photosynthesis... -Multicellular... -Has cell wall made of cell…
All plants can/are:
-Photosynthesis... -Multicellular... -Cell walls made of cellulose
Bacteria
-Some can photosynthesis (ie: cyanobacteria)... -Unicellular... -Ce…
56 terms
Plant Biology Test 1
What are the 4 categories of plant tis…
What is Meristemic Tissue?
What is Dermal Tissue?
What is Ground Tissue?
- Meristemic... - Dermal... - Ground... - Vascular
It is the active part of the plant tissue that grows new cell…
*Think of the skin... It regulates transmission of things in/out…
It occupies most of the space inside the plant... It is undiffer…
What are the 4 categories of plant tis…
- Meristemic... - Dermal... - Ground... - Vascular
What is Meristemic Tissue?
It is the active part of the plant tissue that grows new cell…
32 terms
Plant biology quiz 1
Genome
Gene
The three plant genomes
Variation of nuclear genome size is pa…
total genetic information (usually DNA) carried by a cell or…
the entire DNA sequence that is necessary for the synthesis o…
1) Plastid ... 2) Nucleus... 3) Mitochondria
repetitive DNA
Genome
total genetic information (usually DNA) carried by a cell or…
Gene
the entire DNA sequence that is necessary for the synthesis o…
109 terms
Plant Biology Test 1
stromatolites
microspheres
proteinoid
life
Life came from _______, fossilized prokaryotic mats that are…
_______: organic molecules that aggregate in groups; contribu…
_____ is an example of a microsphere that grows slowly by acc…
characteristics of _______ includes: grow, reproduce and pass…
stromatolites
Life came from _______, fossilized prokaryotic mats that are…
microspheres
_______: organic molecules that aggregate in groups; contribu…
100 terms
Plant Biology Exam 1
Principle
Theory
Anatomy
Physiology
useful generalization derived from experimental data
Grouping of Related Principles
Study of the internal structure of a plant
Study of a plant's functions
Principle
useful generalization derived from experimental data
Theory
Grouping of Related Principles
132 terms
Plant Biology Test 1
What is Botany?
Uses people have for plants
How long ago did non photosynthetic ma…
How long ago did photosynthetic materi…
Study of plants
Food... Spices... Energy... Clothing ... Medicine ... Wood (Furniture/housin…
3.5 bya
3.4 bya
What is Botany?
Study of plants
Uses people have for plants
Food... Spices... Energy... Clothing ... Medicine ... Wood (Furniture/housin…
78 terms
PLANT BIOLOGY
sporopollenin
alternation of generations
gametophyte
sporophyte
a layer of durable polymer in charophytes that prevents expos…
a life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
the multicellular haploid in alternation of generations; name…
the multicellular diploid in alternation of generations; name…
sporopollenin
a layer of durable polymer in charophytes that prevents expos…
alternation of generations
a life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
9 terms
Biology Plant Definitions 1
Cuticle
EndoSperm
Herbaceous
Phloem
waxy, waterproof layer that coats the parts of a plant expose…
tissue within the seed that provides nourishment for the deve…
non-woody plants that have soft, usually green, flexible stems
carries organic compounds (carbs) in ANY direction, depending…
Cuticle
waxy, waterproof layer that coats the parts of a plant expose…
EndoSperm
tissue within the seed that provides nourishment for the deve…
79 terms
Organismal Biology - PLANTS 1
Eudicot
Monocot
Plasmodesmata
Node
Vast majority of angiosperms with two embryonic seed leaves (…
Clade of flowering plants (angiosperms) with one embryonic se…
Pores. Cytoplasmic strands that connect two adjacent plant ce…
Point on the stem where a leaf is attached.
Eudicot
Vast majority of angiosperms with two embryonic seed leaves (…
Monocot
Clade of flowering plants (angiosperms) with one embryonic se…
161 terms
Plant Biology Exam 1
theory
empirical, experimental, error capacity
empirical
experiment
broad explanation (not a guess) based on significant evidence
3 characteristics of science
research or evidenced based
a test of an idea
theory
broad explanation (not a guess) based on significant evidence
empirical, experimental, error capacity
3 characteristics of science
32 terms
Plant Biology Exam 1
first split of the green plant lineage
splitting of the Embryophytes
Non-vascular plants
Vascular plants
separation based on EMBRYO-PRODUCING. Green Algae (such as sp…
separation based on VASCULAR SYSTEMS.
Liverworts, Hornworts, and Mosses. (these tend to be smaller…
club mosses, horsetails, ferns, cycads, conifers, ginkos, mag…
first split of the green plant lineage
separation based on EMBRYO-PRODUCING. Green Algae (such as sp…
splitting of the Embryophytes
separation based on VASCULAR SYSTEMS.
17 terms
CHAPTER 1: PLANT BIOLOGY
Why do we study plants?
Mimosa
Venus Flytrap
List a few types of poisonous plants
They're pretty!!; They are cool; Mimosa (sensitive plant; lea…
(sensitive plant; leaves fold inwards)
eats stuff; heterotrophic
deadly nightshade; poison hemlock
Why do we study plants?
They're pretty!!; They are cool; Mimosa (sensitive plant; lea…
Mimosa
(sensitive plant; leaves fold inwards)
Plant Biology Quiz 1
What does the lack self-mobility mean…
Are plants or are animals the better i…
Are all cells of a plant autotrophic?…
Learn the levels of structure for a pl…
- A plant is tied intimately to its environment. Since it can…
Plants are better indicators of their environments than are a…
No, not all plant cells are autotrophic! Cells in the roots o…
atoms, compounds, cell components, cells, tissues, organs, pl…
What does the lack self-mobility mean…
- A plant is tied intimately to its environment. Since it can…
Are plants or are animals the better i…
Plants are better indicators of their environments than are a…
283 terms
Plant Biology 1
What effects do humans have on the env…
How should we reduce our environmental…
How are living organisms dependent on…
What products do humans get from plants?
Drained Wetlands, Cleared Natural Vegetation, we use pesticid…
Change Ag practices... Reduce pollution... Recycle... Replace pesticid…
Plants convert energy into energy that is usable for plants a…
-Food... -spices... -Perfumes ... - Dyes ... - Beverages ... - Lumber ... - Pap…
What effects do humans have on the env…
Drained Wetlands, Cleared Natural Vegetation, we use pesticid…
How should we reduce our environmental…
Change Ag practices... Reduce pollution... Recycle... Replace pesticid…
15 terms
Plant Vocabulary #1 - Biology
frond
angiosperm
herbaceous plant
gymnosperm
the leaf of a fern or palm
a flowering plant that produces seeds within a fruit
a plant that is soft and green instead of woody
a woody vascular seed plant whose seeds are not enclosed by a…
frond
the leaf of a fern or palm
angiosperm
a flowering plant that produces seeds within a fruit
12 terms
Plant Biology 1
Producer
Vascular Tissue
Cuticle
Cellulose
An organism that can make its own food.
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
A waxy covering on the surface of stems and leaves that acts…
A substance (made of sugars) that is common in the cell walls…
Producer
An organism that can make its own food.
Vascular Tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
12 terms
Plant Biology 1
Producer
Vascular Tissue
Cuticle
Cellulose
An organism that can make its own food.
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
A waxy covering on the surface of stems and leaves that acts…
A substance (made of sugars) that is common in the cell walls…
Producer
An organism that can make its own food.
Vascular Tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
79 terms
Organismal Biology - PLANTS 1
Eudicot
Monocot
Plasmodesmata
Node
Vast majority of angiosperms with two embryonic seed leaves (…
Clade of flowering plants (angiosperms) with one embryonic se…
Pores. Cytoplasmic strands that connect two adjacent plant ce…
Point on the stem where a leaf is attached.
Eudicot
Vast majority of angiosperms with two embryonic seed leaves (…
Monocot
Clade of flowering plants (angiosperms) with one embryonic se…
154 terms
Plant Biology
Seed germination and development
1. Eudicot (garden bean)
Radicle
Hypocotyl
1. Eudicot (garden bean) ... 2. Monocot (corn)
Seed germination and development
1. Eudicot (garden bean) ... 2. Monocot (corn)
1. Eudicot (garden bean)
80 terms
Plant Biology 1
Autotrophic
Photosynthesis
Heterotrophic
Primary Producers
self - feeding
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
other - feeding. Dependent on plants and other feeders
Plants are the base of the food chain
Autotrophic
self - feeding
Photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
Biology, Chapter 22.1, Plant Cells and Tissues
parenchyma cell
collenchyma cell
sclerenchyma cell
meristem
flexible, thin-walled cells found throughout a plant; basis f…
plant cells that often are elongated and occur in long strand…
thick rigid walls, lack living components when they mature, p…
regions of rapidly dividing cells; have large nuclei
parenchyma cell
flexible, thin-walled cells found throughout a plant; basis f…
collenchyma cell
plant cells that often are elongated and occur in long strand…
Biology, Chapter 23.1, Introduction to Plant Reproduction
vegetative reproduction
chemotaxis
protonema
prothallus
a form of asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from…
movement of cell or organism in response to a particular chem…
a small, threadlike structure that can develop into the gamet…
heart-shaped, tiny fern gametophyte
vegetative reproduction
a form of asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from…
chemotaxis
movement of cell or organism in response to a particular chem…
53 terms
Plant Biology Exam 1
Apical meristem
Lateral meristem
Chloroplast genes
Green algae
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
Growth region of a plant that provides secondary growth, incr…
Genes passed down along plant lineages; used to characterize…
Common ancestor of all land plants
Apical meristem
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
Lateral meristem
Growth region of a plant that provides secondary growth, incr…
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