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Study sets matching "biology 1 system"

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Study sets matching "biology 1 system"

25 terms
Biology: Nervous System 1
Nervous System
Functions of Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
-Master controlling and communication system of the body... -In…
1. Monitor Changes (stimuli) ... 2. Processes and Interprets (in…
-Brain and spinal cord ... -Acts as the integrating and command…
-Nerves that extend from the brain and spinal cord... -Serve as…
Nervous System
-Master controlling and communication system of the body... -In…
Functions of Nervous System
1. Monitor Changes (stimuli) ... 2. Processes and Interprets (in…
44 terms
Biology - Nervous System1
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons
Sensory Neurons
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
Nerve cells. They carry electrical messages from one area of…
Detect information form the outside world or internal body co…
Central nervous system
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Peripheral nervous system
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
44 terms
Biology - Nervous System1
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons
Sensory Neurons
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
Nerve cells. They carry electrical messages from one area of…
Detect information form the outside world or internal body co…
Central nervous system
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Peripheral nervous system
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
Biology, Chapter 34.1, Circulatory System
artery
capillary
vein
valve
large blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood away from th…
microscopic blood vessels where the exchange of important sub…
carry oxygen-poor blood back to the heart
flaps of tissue in the larger veins in the body which prevent…
artery
large blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood away from th…
capillary
microscopic blood vessels where the exchange of important sub…
Biology, Chapter 35.1, The Digestive System
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
amylase
esophagus
involves chewing food to break it down into smaller pieces an…
the breakdown of large molecules in food into smaller substan…
an enzyme found in saliva that begins the process of chemical…
a muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach
mechanical digestion
involves chewing food to break it down into smaller pieces an…
chemical digestion
the breakdown of large molecules in food into smaller substan…
20 terms
biology: skeletal system 1
sternum
patella
fibula
tibia
the breastbone right in the center of the chest
the knee cap bone
the smaller bone in the lower leg
the thicker bone in the lower leg
sternum
the breastbone right in the center of the chest
patella
the knee cap bone
Biology, Chapter 33.1, Structure of the Nervous System
neuron
dendrite
cell body
axon
specialized cells that help you gather information about your…
region of a neuron that receives signals called impulses from…
contains the nucleus of the neuron and many of the cell organ…
carries the nerve impulse from the cell body to other neurons…
neuron
specialized cells that help you gather information about your…
dendrite
region of a neuron that receives signals called impulses from…
12 terms
Hong Biology Nervous System part 1
nervous system
neurons
cell body
dendrites
recognizes and coordinates the bodys responses to changes in…
specialized cell that transmits electrical signals arouund th…
area of a cell where the nucleus is found
extend from the cell body of the neuron, "antenna" of a neuron
nervous system
recognizes and coordinates the bodys responses to changes in…
neurons
specialized cell that transmits electrical signals arouund th…
36 terms
Biology 1 - Nervous System
Function of the Nervous System
Life Process of the Nervous System and…
Regulation
2 Divisions of the Nervous System
Collects information about the body's internal and external e…
Regulation
Coordination and control of life activities
Central nervous system; peripheral nervous system
Function of the Nervous System
Collects information about the body's internal and external e…
Life Process of the Nervous System and…
Regulation
23 terms
Biology 1 - Endocrine System
Endocrine System
What is the Endocrine system regulated…
Hormones
Cell Receptors
A system made of ductless glands that produce and secrete hor…
Negative feedback
Specifically shaped protein messengers; act by binding to spe…
Specifically shaped proteins found on the surface of a cell m…
Endocrine System
A system made of ductless glands that produce and secrete hor…
What is the Endocrine system regulated…
Negative feedback
12 terms
Biology 20-1 Respiratory System
What is the function and location of t…
What is the function and location of t…
What is the function and location of t…
What is the function and location of t…
air travels through it, it is a passage was for both air and…
voice box, contains vocal cords.located just below the pharynx.
windpipe. prevents collapse, located just below the larynx.
trachea branches into two bronchi, which then branches into b…
What is the function and location of t…
air travels through it, it is a passage was for both air and…
What is the function and location of t…
voice box, contains vocal cords.located just below the pharynx.
14 terms
Biology 1 Circulatory System
Unoxygenated blood back from body
1.
2.
3.
...
Superior vena ceva and inferior vena ceva
Right atrium
Through tricuspid valve
Unoxygenated blood back from body
...
1.
Superior vena ceva and inferior vena ceva
8 terms
Biology 1 Endocrine System
Insulin
Glucagon
Parathyroid
Calcitonin
increases sugar uptake in cells, lowering blood sugar levels…
stimulates breakdown of glycogen into glucose and increases b…
releases calcium from bones, increasing calcium levels in blo…
increases uptake of calcium by bones, lowering blood calcium…
Insulin
increases sugar uptake in cells, lowering blood sugar levels…
Glucagon
stimulates breakdown of glycogen into glucose and increases b…
21 terms
Biology 1 Digestive System
function of the digestive system
teeth
saliva
parts of the digestive system
breaks down food into small molecules that can be delivered t…
tear and crush food into paste (physical digestion)
produced by the salivary glands (contains amylase, and an enz…
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large in…
function of the digestive system
breaks down food into small molecules that can be delivered t…
teeth
tear and crush food into paste (physical digestion)
15 terms
Biology - Circulatory System (#1)
1) Circulatory System
2) Key Roles of a circulatory system
3) How blood is separated
4) Components of Blood
- Also referred to as the cardiovascular system... - Functions v…
- Maintains homeostasis... o Body temperature regulation ... o Cont…
- A sample of blood can be spun in a centrifuge (uses high sp…
Non-cellular -> Plasma (55% of total blood volume)... - water ... -…
1) Circulatory System
- Also referred to as the cardiovascular system... - Functions v…
2) Key Roles of a circulatory system
- Maintains homeostasis... o Body temperature regulation ... o Cont…
34 terms
Biology 1 respiratory system
Respiratory system
Order of respiratory system:
Bloodstream
Nose
____________ - allows for the diffusion of gases and works al…
Noes/mouth-Phrynix-glottis-larynx-trachea-bronchi-bronchial t…
The respiratory system brings air from the atmosphere into th…
________________ : also referred to the nasal cavity. The nas…
Respiratory system
____________ - allows for the diffusion of gases and works al…
Order of respiratory system:
Noes/mouth-Phrynix-glottis-larynx-trachea-bronchi-bronchial t…
35 terms
The digestive system biology 1
Ingestion
Digestion
Enzymes
Absorption
Food intake
Breaks down food to use for metabolic purposes
Allows for the breakdown of food into soluble substances
Absorbs soluble food molecules into bloodstream
Ingestion
Food intake
Digestion
Breaks down food to use for metabolic purposes
11 terms
Biology 1 - nervous system
Sense organs?
Basic nervous pathway
6 senses
What are reflexes?
Eyes, nose, ears, skin, tongue
Stimulus - Receptor - sensory neurone - CNS - motor neurone -…
Balance, smell, sight, sound, taste, touch.
There are automatic responses that are very quick.
Sense organs?
Eyes, nose, ears, skin, tongue
Basic nervous pathway
Stimulus - Receptor - sensory neurone - CNS - motor neurone -…
15 terms
Biology 1 Body Systems
Arteri/o
Capill
Cardio
Cerebr
Artery
Hair
Heart
Brain
Arteri/o
Artery
Capill
Hair
17 terms
biology 1: the digestive system
function of oesophagus
function of stomach
function of small intestine
function of large intestine
carries food from mouth
store and digest food, especially proteins. it has glands tha…
to further digest food using enzymes. surface area is increas…
to absorb water
function of oesophagus
carries food from mouth
function of stomach
store and digest food, especially proteins. it has glands tha…
15 terms
Biology 20-1 Excretory System
Nephron
What is the function of the glomerulus?
What is the function of the bowman's c…
What is the function of the proximal t…
filtrartion unit in the kidney
tiny blood vessel or capillary, looks like a ball of yarn. Ac…
is the first step of filtering blood to form urine, surrounds…
nearest the glomerulus; have permeable cell membranes that re…
Nephron
filtrartion unit in the kidney
What is the function of the glomerulus?
tiny blood vessel or capillary, looks like a ball of yarn. Ac…
38 terms
Biology 20-1 Digestive System
What is hydrolysis synthesis?
What is dehydration synthesis?
What is used as a primary energy sourc…
What are enzymes an example of?
molecules are broken down through this. H2O is added.
molecules are assembled through this. H2O is removed.
Carbohydrates.
Protein.
What is hydrolysis synthesis?
molecules are broken down through this. H2O is added.
What is dehydration synthesis?
molecules are assembled through this. H2O is removed.
8 terms
1.2 Concept and use of a classification system (IGCSE Biology 0610)
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
The highest taxonomic rank of the biological classification s…
A taxonomic rank below kingdoms, but above classes. One phylu…
A taxonomic rank above order, but below phylum. One class is…
A taxonomic rank above family, but below class. One order is…
Kingdom
The highest taxonomic rank of the biological classification s…
Phylum
A taxonomic rank below kingdoms, but above classes. One phylu…
16 terms
Biology 20-1 Circulatory System
What is the difference between arterie…
What is hemoglobin?
What does the heart look like?
What is the purpose of valves?
veins:one way valve ,toward the heart ... Arteries: thicker musc…
hemoglobin is a protein molecule that transport oxygen from t…
to close and open allowing for blood to go in a cycle and no…
What is the difference between arterie…
veins:one way valve ,toward the heart ... Arteries: thicker musc…
What is hemoglobin?
hemoglobin is a protein molecule that transport oxygen from t…
22 terms
Biology 1 - The nervous system
The nervous system
Receptor
Stimulas
Effector
This is made of the central nervous system or CNS (spinal cor…
An organ which recognises and responds to a stimuli.
An internal or external change.
Organ which has an effect when stimulated. For example, muscl…
The nervous system
This is made of the central nervous system or CNS (spinal cor…
Receptor
An organ which recognises and responds to a stimuli.
57 terms
Biology 1 reproductive system
What is the function of the male repro…
What is the function of the female rep…
What is the pathway of sperm to exit t…
Scrotum
To produce gametes
To produce gametes
Seminiferous tubules, epididymis, vas deferens, ejaculatory d…
External skin sac
What is the function of the male repro…
To produce gametes
What is the function of the female rep…
To produce gametes
35 terms
Biology systems term 1
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Lipids
Single sugar units usually soluble (eg. Glucose and fructose)
Double sugar molecules, made up of glucose and fructose (eg s…
Very long chains of sugar molecules, usually insoluble (eg st…
Made of chains of fatty acids and glycerol, very high energy…
Monosaccharide
Single sugar units usually soluble (eg. Glucose and fructose)
Disaccharide
Double sugar molecules, made up of glucose and fructose (eg s…
105 terms
Biology systems 1
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
nervous tissue
muscle tissue
Type of tissue that lines the interior and exterior body surf…
A body tissue that provides support for the body and connects…
A body tissue that carries electrical messages back and forth…
Tissue that is responsible for involuntary or voluntary movem…
epithelial tissue
Type of tissue that lines the interior and exterior body surf…
connective tissue
A body tissue that provides support for the body and connects…
Biology, Chapter 36.1, Reproductive Systems
seminiferous tublule
epididymis
vas deferens
urethra
produce sperm each day
a structure located on top of each testis where sperm mature…
a duct leading away from the testis
the tube that carries both semen and urine outside of the bod…
seminiferous tublule
produce sperm each day
epididymis
a structure located on top of each testis where sperm mature…
Biology (Systems) - CH. 1 The Cell
Species
Gene Pool
Evolution
Speciation
Is loosely limited to all organisms that can reproduce fertil…
The total of all alleles in a population
Is a change in a population's gene pool
The formation of a new species, which can be a direct result…
Species
Is loosely limited to all organisms that can reproduce fertil…
Gene Pool
The total of all alleles in a population
21 terms
Biology body systems #1
Endocrine system
Gland
Hormones
What transports hormones?
The system that keeps homeostasis
Secretes hormones
Chemicals that change cells
Circulatory system
Endocrine system
The system that keeps homeostasis
Gland
Secretes hormones
19 terms
Biology | Chapter 37 - Section 1: The Circulatory System
respiratory
closed
circulatory
pericardium
interrelationships between the circulatory and _________ syst…
humans and other vertebrates have _______ circulatory systems…
the human __________ system consists of the heart, a series o…
the heart is enclosed in a protective sac of tissue called th…
respiratory
interrelationships between the circulatory and _________ syst…
closed
humans and other vertebrates have _______ circulatory systems…
55 terms
Biology Systems 1 (Transcription)
Transcription
rRNA
tRNA
mRNA
Process by which RNA is manufactured from a DNA template
Ribosomal RNA: makes up the ribosomes, and will translate the…
Transfer RNA, brings amino acids to ribosomes during translat…
Messenger RNA: encodes amino acid sequence of a polypeptide
Transcription
Process by which RNA is manufactured from a DNA template
rRNA
Ribosomal RNA: makes up the ribosomes, and will translate the…
63 terms
Biology Unit 1 Nervous System
Nervous System
Homeostasis
Central Nervous Sysytem
Brain
It's main role is communication that coordinates and controls…
Means to maintain a constant internal state
Composed of the brain and spinal cord
It revives impulses interprets and responds
Nervous System
It's main role is communication that coordinates and controls…
Homeostasis
Means to maintain a constant internal state
18 terms
Immune System Biology 1 NDS
1st line of defense
2nd line of defense
Histamine
Phagocytosis by phagocytes or macropha…
skin and mucus, non-specific treats all pathogens the same
non-specific
Redness, Swelling,Warmth, and pain= inflammation
white blood cells
1st line of defense
skin and mucus, non-specific treats all pathogens the same
2nd line of defense
non-specific
56 terms
Biology Systems chapter 1
domains
species
polymorphism
gene pool
bacteria, archaea, eukarya
all organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
A gene that has multiple alleles, corresponding to distinct f…
the total of all alleles in a population
domains
bacteria, archaea, eukarya
species
all organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
19 terms
Biology : Systems Lecture 1
Glycosylation
Constitutive secretion
Regulated secretion
pH 5
...
...
Release of secretory vesicles in response to certain chemical…
Interior pH of lysosomes
Glycosylation
...
Constitutive secretion
...
19 terms
Biology | Chapter 37 - Section 1: The Circulatory System
respiratory
closed
circulatory
pericardium
interrelationships between the circulatory and _________ syst…
humans and other vertebrates have _______ circulatory systems…
the human __________ system consists of the heart, a series o…
the heart is enclosed in a protective sac of tissue called th…
respiratory
interrelationships between the circulatory and _________ syst…
closed
humans and other vertebrates have _______ circulatory systems…
16 terms
Biology Ch. 1 Organ system
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross anatomy
Microscopic anatomy
The study of the shape and structure of the body and its parts
The study of how the parts in the body work together
Large structures... Easily observable
Very small ... Only observable with a microscope
Anatomy
The study of the shape and structure of the body and its parts
Physiology
The study of how the parts in the body work together
12 terms
Biology Wk 1 (Respiratory system)
Nasal Passage
Nostril
Mouth
Epiglottis
A channel for airflow through the nose
Either of two external openings of the nasal cavity in ... verte…
the opening in the lower part of the human face, ... surrounded…
A flap of cartilage at the root of the tongue, which is depre…
Nasal Passage
A channel for airflow through the nose
Nostril
Either of two external openings of the nasal cavity in ... verte…
13 terms
Challenge A Biology Respiratory System Week 1
Lung
Nostrils
Nasal Passage
Mouth
Expands to suck air in and shrinks to squeeze air out.
Either of the two openings in the nose
Has odor receptors; channels air from nostrils to the throat
Has a tongue that helps to shape sounds produced in the larynx.
Lung
Expands to suck air in and shrinks to squeeze air out.
Nostrils
Either of the two openings in the nose
Digestive System Biology20-1
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Egestion
taking food in through the mouth (step 1)
the breakdown of food molecules into smaller ones (step 2)
the taking of digested food to body cells (step 3)
removal of faeces (step 4)
Ingestion
taking food in through the mouth (step 1)
Digestion
the breakdown of food molecules into smaller ones (step 2)
13 terms
Biology 34.1 Reproductive systems
Reproductive system
Ovum
Ovaries
Uterus
A system that includes the organs, glands, and hormones that…
One egg cell
Organs on either side of the uterus
A muscular organ that protects and nourishes a developing egg…
Reproductive system
A system that includes the organs, glands, and hormones that…
Ovum
One egg cell
15 terms
human biology 1-circulatory system
human circulatory system
pulmonary circuit
systemic circuit
cardiac cycle
double circulation... -four chambers, two atria, two ventricles
blood is pumped out to lungs to pick up oxygen
blood pumped to rest of body to deliver oxygen and pick up nu…
-systole- contraction phase... -diastole-relaxation phase
human circulatory system
double circulation... -four chambers, two atria, two ventricles
pulmonary circuit
blood is pumped out to lungs to pick up oxygen
23 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 2 Body Systems
Gas exchange
Lungs
Ribcage
Respiratory system
the process of obtaining oxygen from the environment and rele…
The main organs of the respiratory system that exchange oxyge…
Bones that protect lungs; muscles are attached to it
Brings oxygen into the body and removes CO2, includes nose, t…
Gas exchange
the process of obtaining oxygen from the environment and rele…
Lungs
The main organs of the respiratory system that exchange oxyge…
10 terms
Biology Test: Circulatory System 1
Right Atrium
Right Ventricle
Pulmonary Artery
Lungs
1, 11
2
3
4
Right Atrium
1, 11
Right Ventricle
2
12 terms
Challenge A Biology Respiratory System Week 1
Lung
Nostrils
Nasal Passage
Mouth
Lung
Nostrils
55 terms
Biology 10.1 The Excretory System
Excretory system
Kidney
The kidney contains a ______ and a ___…
Each kidney has a ________, which cont…
serves many functions, including the regulation of blood pres…
produces urine, which dumps into the ureter at the renal pelv…
cortex and a medulla.
hilum
Excretory system
serves many functions, including the regulation of blood pres…
Kidney
produces urine, which dumps into the ureter at the renal pelv…
15 terms
Biology 1: Systems Test
respiratory
integumentary
special organs
nervous
supply blood with oxygen to deliver nutrients to the rest of…
act as a barrier to protect the body from the outside world
assist other systems
control body and communication between other parts of the body
respiratory
supply blood with oxygen to deliver nutrients to the rest of…
integumentary
act as a barrier to protect the body from the outside world
Biology 20-1 Excretory System
This part of the nephron only works un…
The tubes connect the distal tube and…
Its all about water reabsorption here
These capillaries wrap themselves arou…
the glomerus
the collecting ducts
the descending loop of henle
the peritubular capillaries
This part of the nephron only works un…
the glomerus
The tubes connect the distal tube and…
the collecting ducts
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