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Study sets matching "biology 100"

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Study sets matching "biology 100"

72 terms
Biology 100
Photosynthesis*
Chemical Equation for photosynthesis
Chloroplasts
Stroma
Transforms solar energy into chemical energy of carbohydrates…
C02 + H20 = C6H12O6 + 6O2
Green portions of plant cell that carry on photosynthesis.…
Surrounded by double membrane.... Filled with fluid.
Photosynthesis*
Transforms solar energy into chemical energy of carbohydrates…
Chemical Equation for photosynthesis
C02 + H20 = C6H12O6 + 6O2
158 terms
Biology 100
A cell is mostly ___________
What does the rest of the cell consist…
What do carbons form?
What are organic compounds?
water
carbon-based molecules
Large, complex, & diverse molecules
carbon-based molecules
A cell is mostly ___________
water
What does the rest of the cell consist…
carbon-based molecules
100 terms
Biology 100
The Function of a science teacher
A researcher thinks that she has the c…
The use of the scientific method has r…
A researcher thinks that she has the c…
Bridge the world between research and the real world.
The patients have not been informed about the drug's nor thei…
In biology, the description of the interaction and dependence…
The patients have not been informed about the drug's nor thei…
The Function of a science teacher
Bridge the world between research and the real world.
A researcher thinks that she has the c…
The patients have not been informed about the drug's nor thei…
88 terms
Biology 100
Cell Structure and Function
Two main stages of cell division
Major stages of cell division
S Phase
Eukaryotic cell has a membrane bound nucleus cytoplasm is wha…
Interphase and Cell division interphase is 90% of the cells l…
The S phase, G2 pahse, Mitosis, Cytokinesis G1 and G0 phase
Synthesis where DNA is Replicated.
Cell Structure and Function
Eukaryotic cell has a membrane bound nucleus cytoplasm is wha…
Two main stages of cell division
Interphase and Cell division interphase is 90% of the cells l…
72 terms
Biology 100
Photosynthesis*
Chemical Equation for photosynthesis
Chloroplasts
Stroma
Transforms solar energy into chemical energy of carbohydrates…
C02 + H20 = C6H12O6 + 6O2
Green portions of plant cell that carry on photosynthesis.…
Surrounded by double membrane.... Filled with fluid.
Photosynthesis*
Transforms solar energy into chemical energy of carbohydrates…
Chemical Equation for photosynthesis
C02 + H20 = C6H12O6 + 6O2
93 terms
Biology 100 BYU-Martin
biology
What characteristics separate living o…
If life is so similar on this planet h…
Explain the relationship between a mut…
The unity and diversity of life.
The different order, sequence, or combination in which the sa…
Life is different in the ways that we get and use resources,…
Same basic building blocks, different order, sequence, or com…
biology
The unity and diversity of life.
What characteristics separate living o…
The different order, sequence, or combination in which the sa…
31 terms
Biology 100
Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium conditions
Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
Natural Selection
Genetic Drift
big population, random mating, no selection, no mutation, no…
allele and genotype frequencies in an ideal population do not…
differential survival and reproduction due to the environment
differential survival and reproduction due to chance
Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium conditions
big population, random mating, no selection, no mutation, no…
Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
allele and genotype frequencies in an ideal population do not…
15 terms
Biology 100
atp
adp
heterotroph
autotroph
Adenosine Triphosphate is an organic compound that transfers…
(Adenosine Diphosphate) The compound that remains when a phos…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
atp
Adenosine Triphosphate is an organic compound that transfers…
adp
(Adenosine Diphosphate) The compound that remains when a phos…
47 terms
Biology 100
Amino acid
Protein
Enzyme
Hydrophobic
The building blocks of proteins. Amino acids have a common st…
A functional unit composed of one or more polypeptides. Each…
A protein that acts as a catalyst to speed up a chemical reac…
Refers to molecules that do not have partial charges and ther…
Amino acid
The building blocks of proteins. Amino acids have a common st…
Protein
A functional unit composed of one or more polypeptides. Each…
56 terms
Biology 100
Which of the following kingdom represe…
Which of the following is the largest…
A stable bound formed by sharing of el…
Which of the following is a carbonyl g…
Kingdom Protista
Class
Covalent Bond
CO
Which of the following kingdom represe…
Kingdom Protista
Which of the following is the largest…
Class
283 terms
biology 100
ulcers
inflammation
bacteria (H. pylori)
acid reflux
an open sore on an external or internal surface of the body,…
localized physical condition in which part of the body become…
type of bacteria that can enter your body and live in your di…
a condition in which acidic gastric fluid is regurgitated int…
ulcers
an open sore on an external or internal surface of the body,…
inflammation
localized physical condition in which part of the body become…
Biology 100
What is Anatomy
What is Physiology
Levels of organization
Organ Systems
"Cutting open", study of structure
How living organisms "function"
The chemical... Cellular level... Tissue... Organ... Organ system... Organis…
Integumentary system - protects body from environmental hazar…
What is Anatomy
"Cutting open", study of structure
What is Physiology
How living organisms "function"
110 terms
Biology100
During the process of translation (pol…
The DNA double helix is _____________.
In recombinant DNA experiments, ______…
What type of chemical bond joins the b…
Transfer DNA
made up of two polynucleotide strands
a restriction enzyme; DNA ligase
Hydrogen
During the process of translation (pol…
Transfer DNA
The DNA double helix is _____________.
made up of two polynucleotide strands
22 terms
Biology 100
Pili
Ecosystem
Hydrophobic interior, hydrophilic exte…
RNA
Which cellular structure is unique to prokaryotic organisms?
A college campus - including the student, birds, trees, sidew…
Which combination describes the plasma membrane?
What passes through the nuclear pores?
Pili
Which cellular structure is unique to prokaryotic organisms?
Ecosystem
A college campus - including the student, birds, trees, sidew…
113 terms
Biology 100
Cell Body
Dendrites
Axon
Synapse
The large, central hub of a neuron
Short, numerous fibers that receive incoming messages
Single, long fiber that conducts signals toward other cells
The end of a neuron, a bulb like thing that contains neurotra…
Cell Body
The large, central hub of a neuron
Dendrites
Short, numerous fibers that receive incoming messages
83 terms
Biology 100 Chapter 3
Cytology
Cells
Cell Theory
Cellular Function - Nutrition
The study of cells.
The functional and structural unit of life.
The cell is the basic unit of all living things. Cells perfor…
Includes absorption and digestion.
Cytology
The study of cells.
Cells
The functional and structural unit of life.
21 terms
BYU Biology 100, Chapter 5
Phospholipids
Phagocytosis
Hydrophilic
Permeability
Molecules that make up the majority of the plasma membrane.
Membrane transport process in which amoebas feed themselves b…
The head region of the phospholipids molecule is attracted to…
Refers to the ability of the plasma membrane to permit the pa…
Phospholipids
Molecules that make up the majority of the plasma membrane.
Phagocytosis
Membrane transport process in which amoebas feed themselves b…
16 terms
BYU Biology 100, Chapter 4
Golgi apparatus
Prokaryotic Cell
Microtubules
Centriole
A stack of associated membranes in the cell that package, con…
Has no nucleus and is a simple structure, including bacteria…
The structural support components of the cell associated with…
Microtubules appear to originate from this cell structure.
Golgi apparatus
A stack of associated membranes in the cell that package, con…
Prokaryotic Cell
Has no nucleus and is a simple structure, including bacteria…
115 terms
Biology 100 Exam 1
Covalent bond
polar covalent bond
Water
Oxygen
sharing of electrons ... -can be polar (unequal sharing) or nonp…
dipole moment/ charge differential ... -sharing of electrons... -ex…
H20... -2 partially positive hydrogens covalently bonded to 1 pa…
highly electronegative (greedy); electrons orbit around oxyge…
Covalent bond
sharing of electrons ... -can be polar (unequal sharing) or nonp…
polar covalent bond
dipole moment/ charge differential ... -sharing of electrons... -ex…
401 terms
Biology 100 final
joint
liver
vein
bone
arthr/o
hepat/o
ven/o
oste/o
joint
arthr/o
liver
hepat/o
115 terms
Biology 100
What is an Atom?
What is a Molecule?
What is an Organelle?
What is a cell?
The smallest chemical unit of a type of pure substance(elemen…
A group of joined atoms.
A membrane-bounded structure that has a specific function wit…
The fundamental unit of life. (Multiple organelles)
What is an Atom?
The smallest chemical unit of a type of pure substance(elemen…
What is a Molecule?
A group of joined atoms.
21 terms
BYU Biology 100, Chapter 6
Induced fit model
Exergonic Reaction
Anabolic Reaction
Competitive Inhibition
Model that states that the enzyme changes its physical shape…
A chemical reaction in which energy is RELEASED.
Reactions that build more complex products from smaller react…
Molecules that attach themselves to active sites on the enzym…
Induced fit model
Model that states that the enzyme changes its physical shape…
Exergonic Reaction
A chemical reaction in which energy is RELEASED.
21 terms
BYU Biology 100, Chapter 8
Lactate and Alcohol
Glucose molecule
Anaerobic
Aerobic
by-products of fermentation
Stages in breakdown of the _____ _____... 1. Glycolysis... 2. Trans…
Fermentation and Glycolysis are this type of process
Requires oxygen to be present. Includes Transition Reaction/D…
Lactate and Alcohol
by-products of fermentation
Glucose molecule
Stages in breakdown of the _____ _____... 1. Glycolysis... 2. Trans…
48 terms
Biology 100 Chapter 1
Hypothesis
Sample Size
Controlled experiments
Theory
Tentative explanation based on previous knowledge. Is in a fo…
Number of individuals. Larger number gives more meaningful re…
Changing only one variable allowing for comparison. In which…
Is an explanation for natural phenomenon. Reflects broader ag…
Hypothesis
Tentative explanation based on previous knowledge. Is in a fo…
Sample Size
Number of individuals. Larger number gives more meaningful re…
144 terms
Biology 100 final
Cytoplasm is
To be scientifically valid, a hypothes…
biologically important properties of w…
Which of the fallowing statements is f…
the fluid environment inside a cell.
testable
a. it has a high specific heat capacity... b. it has a high heat…
(FALSE) d. The inner membrane of the mitochondria encloses a…
Cytoplasm is
the fluid environment inside a cell.
To be scientifically valid, a hypothes…
testable
15 terms
Biology 100
Cell
Homeostasis
Eukarya
Archaea & bacteria
Smallest unit of life the demo states all the properties of l…
Maintenance of a relatively stable internal environment is ca…
The domain in which humans belong
Unicellular organisms that lack nuclei
Cell
Smallest unit of life the demo states all the properties of l…
Homeostasis
Maintenance of a relatively stable internal environment is ca…
134 terms
Biology 100
What is biology?
Treatment
Experimental Group
Control Group
The study of life
Any experimental condition applied to research subjects
People receiving treatment
People not getting the treatment (placebo)
What is biology?
The study of life
Treatment
Any experimental condition applied to research subjects
113 terms
Biology 100
Occams Razor
Negative control
Positive control
Ions
Simplest should be considered the most likely
Experiments where there is no treatment done
Experiment where there is a known effect
Atoms or molecules in which the number of protons do not equa…
Occams Razor
Simplest should be considered the most likely
Negative control
Experiments where there is no treatment done
65 terms
Biology 100
Science ... CH1
Biology ... CH1
Scientific Literacy ... CH1
elements of biological literacy ... CH1
mental activity, surrounding observation, description, experi…
study of living things
a general fact-bsed understanding of the basics of biology an…
-the ability to use the process of scientific inquiry to thin…
Science ... CH1
mental activity, surrounding observation, description, experi…
Biology ... CH1
study of living things
Biology 100
genome
chromosome
gene
allele
1 set of genetic encode in DNA organisms
DNA molecule wrapped around protein located in most eukaryoti…
sequence of DNA contains information to make one protein
alternative version of same gene different nucleotide sequence
genome
1 set of genetic encode in DNA organisms
chromosome
DNA molecule wrapped around protein located in most eukaryoti…
199 terms
100% biology
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Biological Evolution
Zoology
Organisms who cells do not have membrane-bound organelles, me…
Organisms who cells have membrane-bound organelles, membrane-…
A slow change in a species or population over many generation…
The scientific study of animals
Prokaryotes
Organisms who cells do not have membrane-bound organelles, me…
Eukaryotes
Organisms who cells have membrane-bound organelles, membrane-…
46 terms
biology 100
mitosis
meiosis
independent assortment
zygote
cell replication, identical daughter cell 1 division
cell replication single cell divide twice and product 4 cells…
alleles combined randomly
sperm and egg
mitosis
cell replication, identical daughter cell 1 division
meiosis
cell replication single cell divide twice and product 4 cells…
18 terms
Biology: 100 Greatest Discoveries
mitosis
chromosomes
tadpole
meiosis
type of cell division that results in 2 IDENTICAL "daughter"…
strands of genetic material (DNA) in the nucleus of cells
stage of frog metamorphosis during which gills and tail are p…
type of cell division that results in "daughter" cells with H…
mitosis
type of cell division that results in 2 IDENTICAL "daughter"…
chromosomes
strands of genetic material (DNA) in the nucleus of cells
15 terms
Biology 100
Objective
Subjective
Qualitative
Quantitative
Fact
Opinion
Data observed but not measured
Date measured by quantity
Objective
Fact
Subjective
Opinion
10 terms
Biology 100
Theory
Hypothesis
Law
IF
An explanation of something
Based on theories, supports a law
An observation that happens every time
they hypothesis
Theory
An explanation of something
Hypothesis
Based on theories, supports a law
27 terms
Biology 100
First scientist to describe cells?
Compound light microscope
Chloroplast
Nuclear envelope
Robert Hooke
Microscopes that magnify in stages using several lenses
Photosynthesis in plants and algae takes place within a bacte…
Double membrane of the nucleus
First scientist to describe cells?
Robert Hooke
Compound light microscope
Microscopes that magnify in stages using several lenses
146 terms
Biology 100
Exam 1
Define anatomy
Define Physiology
Define Organ
...
The study of internal and external structures of the body and…
It is the study of how living organisms function
It is a functional unit composed of more than one tissue type
Exam 1
...
Define anatomy
The study of internal and external structures of the body and…
60 terms
Biology 100
Hypothesis
Homeostasis
Metabolism
Hydrophilic
proposed explanation that has yet to be tested.
a relatively stable equilibrium between interdependent elements
chemical processes that occur within a living organism in ord…
having a tendency to mix with, dissolve in, or be wetted by w…
Hypothesis
proposed explanation that has yet to be tested.
Homeostasis
a relatively stable equilibrium between interdependent elements
15 terms
Biology 100
a larger amount of rough endoplasmic r…
lysosomes
track the location of amino acids as a…
in the rough endoplasmic reticulum, in…
A cell whose main function is to produce lots of the hormones…
Asbestos is a material that was once used extensively in cons…
Autoradiography can be used to
A high concentration of a radioactive amino acid is added to…
a larger amount of rough endoplasmic r…
A cell whose main function is to produce lots of the hormones…
lysosomes
Asbestos is a material that was once used extensively in cons…
10 terms
100% vocabulary, biology 2
chromosomes
clone
dominant trait
gene
structures in the center of a cell that carry genes
an identical copy of something grown from a single cell of it…
a trait that is visible or rules over other traits
a tiny part of a chromosome that contains genetic information…
chromosomes
structures in the center of a cell that carry genes
clone
an identical copy of something grown from a single cell of it…
80 terms
biology 100 test 2
What is the heredity macromolecule
RNA
DNA
Phosphate
nucleic acids
Uracil, 5 carbon sugar, messenger, transfer, ribosomes
double stranded, thymine
sugar-phosphate bond; bonds things
What is the heredity macromolecule
nucleic acids
RNA
Uracil, 5 carbon sugar, messenger, transfer, ribosomes
10 terms
100% Curriculum Vocabulary, Biology
aorta
colon
cornea
esophagus
the largest blood vessel in the body
the lower part of the large intestine that absorbs water and…
the clear, outer layer of the eye that lets in light
a tube that pushes food to the stomach
aorta
the largest blood vessel in the body
colon
the lower part of the large intestine that absorbs water and…
58 terms
Biology 100
All chemical pathways on earth come fr…
Products from __ changed earth's atmos…
Capable of performing photosynthesis w…
Prokaryote cells will always be ___ th…
prokaryote cells
prokaryote meta.
Cyanobacteria
smaller
All chemical pathways on earth come fr…
prokaryote cells
Products from __ changed earth's atmos…
prokaryote meta.
43 terms
Biology 100
The smallest organizational level that…
A proton is a subatomic particle that…
The chemical bond that contains the mo…
Both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells…
A cell
Is always positively charged
A covalent bond
A plasma membrane, Cytoplasm, DNA
The smallest organizational level that…
A cell
A proton is a subatomic particle that…
Is always positively charged
14 terms
biology 100
biology
cytokinesis
crossing over
chloraplast
the science that studies living organisms
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
Chloraplast uses the suns energy for photosynthises to occur…
biology
the science that studies living organisms
cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
124 terms
Biology 100
define life
who funds most biology research
what does the national science foundat…
scientific method steps
the ability to reproduce, and to capture and utilize energy
the national institutes of health
non biomedical research
observe, pose hypothesis, investigate necessary conditions,fo…
define life
the ability to reproduce, and to capture and utilize energy
who funds most biology research
the national institutes of health
122 terms
Biology 100 Survey of Biology
Theory
Science
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Is a general set of principles supported by evidence that exp…
Body of Knowledge about the natural world.
Process by which scientist investigate the natural world... i…
Tentative, testable explanation for an observed phenomenon.
Theory
Is a general set of principles supported by evidence that exp…
Science
Body of Knowledge about the natural world.
36 terms
Biology 100
3 types of bacteria
Good things from bacteria
Kingdom Protista
list the 5 kingdoms.
Archae bacteria, Eubacteria, Cyanobacteria
Buttermilk, cheese, vinegar, oil spill clean ups
are Eucaryotes (most are singled celled), It has 3 major grou…
1) Monera 2) Protists 3) Fungi 4)Plantae 5) Animalie
3 types of bacteria
Archae bacteria, Eubacteria, Cyanobacteria
Good things from bacteria
Buttermilk, cheese, vinegar, oil spill clean ups
35 terms
biology 100
science
scientific method
hard science
soft science
a method of investigating empirical data
observation, hypothesis, experiment (Procedure, results ), da…
considered more rigorous and scientific. Based on carefully c…
considered less rigorous and scientific. Experiments include…
science
a method of investigating empirical data
scientific method
observation, hypothesis, experiment (Procedure, results ), da…
79 terms
Biology 100
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
Units of matter that cannot be broken down into simpler subst…
Center of atom containing protons and neutrons
+ ion. 1 atomic mass unit
Neutral ion. 1 atomic mass unit
Atom
Units of matter that cannot be broken down into simpler subst…
Nucleus
Center of atom containing protons and neutrons
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