Study sets matching "biology 101 chapter 13"

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34 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13
Inheritance (heredity)
genetics
gene
locus
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation.
hereditary units passed down from one generation to the next
a gene's specific location on the chromosome
Inheritance (heredity)
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
genetics
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation.
34 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13
Inheritance (heredity)
genetics
gene
locus
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation.
hereditary units passed down from one generation to the next
a gene's specific location on the chromosome
Inheritance (heredity)
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
genetics
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation.
Biology 101 Chapter 13
Locus
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Hybrid
Location of a gene on a chromsome
Having identical alleles of gene
Having two different alleles of a gene
A heterozygous individual
Locus
Location of a gene on a chromsome
Homozygous
Having identical alleles of gene
63 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 13
what does food contain and what are th…
how many calories are in a gram of car…
how many calories are in a gram of fat?
food pyramid
carbohydrates - sugars... proteins - amino acids... fats - fatty ac…
4.1 calories
9.3 calories
fats, oils, sugars... milk, yogurt, cheese... meat, poultry, fish,…
what does food contain and what are th…
carbohydrates - sugars... proteins - amino acids... fats - fatty ac…
how many calories are in a gram of car…
4.1 calories
Biology 101, Chapter 13
genetics
heredity
variation
genes
the scientific study of heredity and variation
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
demonstrated by the differences in appearance that offspring…
the units of heredity, made up of segments of DNA, passed to…
genetics
the scientific study of heredity and variation
heredity
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
38 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13
dominant
Mendel
genotype
allele
refers to an allele that masks the effect of a recessive alle…
father of genetics; revolutionized understanding of inheritan…
the particular set of alleles that is carried by an individua…
different molecular forms of a gene (dominant, recessive, hom…
dominant
refers to an allele that masks the effect of a recessive alle…
Mendel
father of genetics; revolutionized understanding of inheritan…
Biology 101 Chapter 13
stem cells
stem cells are important for?
stem cells may hold the key to healing…
tissue
immature cells that divide repeatedly and give rise to more s…
development, growth, and repair of the body
damaged or diseased body parts
organized group of different cell types that work together to…
stem cells
immature cells that divide repeatedly and give rise to more s…
stem cells are important for?
development, growth, and repair of the body
33 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13
dominant allele
recessive allele
heterozygous
homozygous
refers to an allele that masks the effect of a recessive alle…
refers to an allele with an effect that is masked by a domina…
having two different alleles of a gene
having identical alleles of a gene
dominant allele
refers to an allele that masks the effect of a recessive alle…
recessive allele
refers to an allele with an effect that is masked by a domina…
Biology 101: Chapter 13
The scientific study of heredity and v…
The transmission of traits from one ge…
Demonstrated by the differences in app…
The units of heredity, and are made up…
genetics
heredity
variation
genes
The scientific study of heredity and v…
genetics
The transmission of traits from one ge…
heredity
Biology 101: Chapter 13
Cellular Respiration
During cellular metabolism, food molec…
Stage 1 of Metabolism
Stage 2 of Metabolism
Food + O2--> CO2+ H2O+ATP
Broken down into 3 stages
Extracellular in intestinal lumen ... Break down of foods into…
Happens mostly in the cytosol ... Breakdown of simple subunits…
Cellular Respiration
Food + O2--> CO2+ H2O+ATP
During cellular metabolism, food molec…
Broken down into 3 stages
Biology 101 Chapter 13
Stem Cells
Tissues
Organs
Body's Systems
Immature cells that can divide repeatedly and give rise to mo…
are an organized of group of cells that work together to carr…
are composed of groups of tissues
Organs work together to form the
Stem Cells
Immature cells that can divide repeatedly and give rise to mo…
Tissues
are an organized of group of cells that work together to carr…
21 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13
Heredity
Genetics
Variation
Gene
Transmission of traits to future generations... Has variation
Scientific study of heredity and variation
The blending of the genes
Specific sequence of DNA that codes for protein production
Heredity
Transmission of traits to future generations... Has variation
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity and variation
Chapter 13 Biology 101
RNA
Ribose
Uracil
mRNA
Single stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
Cell organelle consisting of DNA and protein found throughout…
Takes the place of thymine; helps for enzymes to tell DNA and…
Carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acid…
RNA
Single stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
Ribose
Cell organelle consisting of DNA and protein found throughout…
Biology 101 Chapter 13
Heredity
Variation
Genetics
Genes
transmission of traits from one generation to the next
demonstrated by the differences in appearance that offspring…
scientific study of heredity and variation
units of heredity and are made up of segments of DNA
Heredity
transmission of traits from one generation to the next
Variation
demonstrated by the differences in appearance that offspring…
Biology 101 Chapter 13
karyotype
homologous chromosomes
autosomes
diploid cell
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell arranged in pairs
Pair of chromosomes that are the same size, same appearance a…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome (22 pairs)
A cell containing two sets of chromosomes (2n), one set inher…
karyotype
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell arranged in pairs
homologous chromosomes
Pair of chromosomes that are the same size, same appearance a…
Biology 101 Chapter 13 Review
Adaptation
Natural selection
Darwin... -Details of his trip ... - Alfred…
5 Postulates of Darwin's work
An inherited trait that allows an individual with the trait t…
Species change over generations though a natural process of s…
- Ship he sailed on: Beagle ... -Observed living organisms ... - Ge…
1. Life evolves... 2. Gradualism... 3. Multiplication of species... 4.…
Adaptation
An inherited trait that allows an individual with the trait t…
Natural selection
Species change over generations though a natural process of s…
13 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13 Vocabulary (ashell)
heredity
genetics
gene
gametes
transmission of traits to future generations with variations
scientific study of heredity and variation
specific sequence of DNA that codes for protein production; u…
reproductive cells that contain 23 chromosomes in humans
heredity
transmission of traits to future generations with variations
genetics
scientific study of heredity and variation
Biology 101 - Chapter 13: How Populations Evolve
How are adaptations beneficial to orga…
Why was Darwin's acceptance of an anci…
What statement reflects a possible wea…
If whales evolved from land-dwelling m…
Adaptations help organisms survive and reproduce in a particu…
Darwin hypothesized that species changed gradually, over long…
Many species probably did not die in the right place at the r…
transitional forms
How are adaptations beneficial to orga…
Adaptations help organisms survive and reproduce in a particu…
Why was Darwin's acceptance of an anci…
Darwin hypothesized that species changed gradually, over long…
53 terms
BIO 101 Chapter 13
Evolution
Driving force behind Evolution
Natural Selection
People involved in the theory of Evolu…
The change in the genetic make up of a population over time
Natural Selection
Individuals in a population, may have a genotype that has an…
Anaximander, Jean Lamark, Charles Darwin, Alfred Russel Wallace
Evolution
The change in the genetic make up of a population over time
Driving force behind Evolution
Natural Selection
32 terms
Biology H101 Chapter 13
What is DNA technology?
What is recombinant DNA?
What are plasmids?
What is DNA cloning? (Gene cloning)
Strategies and techniques that scientists use to analyze and…
An artificial assembly of genetic material used by fragments…
Closed loops of DNA in addition to a large chromosome
The introduction of recombinant DNA into a host cell, The DNA…
What is DNA technology?
Strategies and techniques that scientists use to analyze and…
What is recombinant DNA?
An artificial assembly of genetic material used by fragments…
34 terms
Biology 101 Vocab Chapter 13 &31
Virus
Immune System
Pathogens
Innate Immunity
An acellular infectious particle consisting of nucleic acid s…
A system of cells and tissues that acts to defend the body ag…
Infectious agents, including certain viruses, bacteria, fungi…
Nonspecific defenses, such as physical and chemical barriers…
Virus
An acellular infectious particle consisting of nucleic acid s…
Immune System
A system of cells and tissues that acts to defend the body ag…
47 terms
Biology 101 Dhameja chapter 13
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Karyotype
Autosomes
two parents make offspring that have unique combination of ge…
single parent produces genetically identical offspring by mit…
Ordered display of the pairs of chromosomes from a cell
The 22 pairs of chromosomes that do not determine sex
sexual reproduction
two parents make offspring that have unique combination of ge…
asexual reproduction
single parent produces genetically identical offspring by mit…
13 terms
BIOL 101 Chapter 13: Meiosis
Heredity
Genetics
Gene
Gamete
The transmission of traits from one generation to the next.
The scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation.
A discrete unit of hereditary information consisting of a spe…
A haploid reproductive cell, such as an egg or sperm.
Heredity
The transmission of traits from one generation to the next.
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation.
19 terms
Chapter 13 Biology 101 Exam
What are the two major kinds of reprod…
gamete
chromosome
homologous chromosomes/homologs/homolo…
Asexual--- off spring genetically identical ... Sexual—two pare…
eggs and sperm (sex cells)
all cells have a characteristic number of these.
pairs of chromosomes in 2N cells (Diploid), are in a pair sim…
What are the two major kinds of reprod…
Asexual--- off spring genetically identical ... Sexual—two pare…
gamete
eggs and sperm (sex cells)
BIO 101 Chapter 13 Vocab
Bright-Field Microscopy
Cell Theory
Cell Wall
Cilia
shines light through sample and magnifies the image with a se…
theory that all living organisms are made up of one or more c…
rigid, structural all component that is outside the plasma me…
short, mobile projections on the outer surface of a cell that…
Bright-Field Microscopy
shines light through sample and magnifies the image with a se…
Cell Theory
theory that all living organisms are made up of one or more c…
Biology - Chapter 13 Vocabulary
RNA
Messenger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
Transfer RNA
(ribonucleic acid) single stranded and contains ribose
carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acid…
combines with proteins to form ribosomes
transfers amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis
RNA
(ribonucleic acid) single stranded and contains ribose
Messenger RNA
carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acid…
32 terms
BIOL 101 Chapter 13
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Genetics
Heredity
The generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
Occurs when two parents give rise to offspring that have uniq…
The study of heredity and hereditary variation
The transmission of traits from one generation to the next. A…
Asexual Reproduction
The generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
Sexual Reproduction
Occurs when two parents give rise to offspring that have uniq…
35 terms
Biology 101 Ch 13
Who developed a theory of evolution al…
Lyell's book Principles of Geology, wh…
Darwin found that some of the species…
What broad set of ideas was establishe…
Wallace
Earth's surface is shaped by natural forces that act graduall…
more than they resembled animals on ecologically similar but…
Earth and its life are ancient and ever-changing; fossils doc…
Who developed a theory of evolution al…
Wallace
Lyell's book Principles of Geology, wh…
Earth's surface is shaped by natural forces that act graduall…
Chapter 13 Bio 101 Sapling
You shed skin cells every day. How are…
Why does a recipient of a liver transp…
Would it be sufficient to just replace…
Relative to one of your liver cells, o…
by mitotic division and differentiation of tissue stem cells
because transplant recipients have to take drugs that suppres…
No, replacement neurons must also make the correct connection…
has the same genome (that is, the same genetic material) & ha…
You shed skin cells every day. How are…
by mitotic division and differentiation of tissue stem cells
Why does a recipient of a liver transp…
because transplant recipients have to take drugs that suppres…
50 terms
ECON 101: Chapter 13
D
C
C
B
1) When natural or legal forces work to protect a firm from p…
2) A copyright creates a monopoly by restricting ________. ... A…
3) This type of firm would likely operate as a monopoly ... A) o…
4) Firms that can price discriminate between customers do so…
D
1) When natural or legal forces work to protect a firm from p…
C
2) A copyright creates a monopoly by restricting ________. ... A…
12 terms
Astronomy 101 Chapter 13
Define the terms parallax and parsec
Draw a diagram showing how stellar (tr…
Describe the inverse square law of ele…
Define the terms: apparent and absolut…
Parallax: the apparent displacement or the difference in appa…
In physics, an inverse-square law is any physical law stating…
Apparent and absolute Magnitude: If the star was at 10 parsec…
Define the terms parallax and parsec
Parallax: the apparent displacement or the difference in appa…
Draw a diagram showing how stellar (tr…
31 terms
biology 101 Chapter 13- How Populations Evolve Vocabulary
Charles Darwin
JB Lamarack
T. Malthus
Natural Selection
said that natural selection isn't acquired characteristics, b…
believed in the false idea that evolution was the passing on…
said that limited supplies (population grows faster than the…
environmental pressures filter variations, only the fittest f…
Charles Darwin
said that natural selection isn't acquired characteristics, b…
JB Lamarack
believed in the false idea that evolution was the passing on…
46 terms
BIO101 Chapter 13
Thomas Morgan
Frederick Griffith
Oswald Avery
Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase
his lab showed genes are located on chromosomes; knew that ch…
discovered transformation; worked with 2 strains of bacterium…
identified the transforming substance as DNA
worked with T2 bacteriphage virus; radioactively tagged DNA a…
Thomas Morgan
his lab showed genes are located on chromosomes; knew that ch…
Frederick Griffith
discovered transformation; worked with 2 strains of bacterium…
30 terms
Biology: Chapter 13 (Hower)
RNA
mRNA
tRNA
transcription
a nucleic acid that (like DNA), consists of a long chain of n…
the molecules that carry information from DNA to other parts…
the molecules that bring amino acids to the ribosome
synthesis of a RNA molecule from a DNA template
RNA
a nucleic acid that (like DNA), consists of a long chain of n…
mRNA
the molecules that carry information from DNA to other parts…
Michael Johnson Biology 101 Chapter 13
Hormones
Target Cells
Steroid Hormones
Non Steroid Hormones
chemical messenger molecules
cells in hormones that can bind to receptors
hormones that are lipids & lipid soluble & can cross the cell…
hormones that are related to proteins & lipid insoluble & can…
Hormones
chemical messenger molecules
Target Cells
cells in hormones that can bind to receptors
28 terms
Biology chapter 13
Moss life cycle
Feen life cycle
Alternation of generations. Spores germinate into gametophyte…
Alternation of Generation. Sporophyte produces spores via mei…
Moss life cycle
Alternation of generations. Spores germinate into gametophyte…
Feen life cycle
Alternation of Generation. Sporophyte produces spores via mei…
18 terms
Chapter 13 AGS Biology
Territorial Behvior
Chemical Signal
Trial-and-error learning
Instinct
Claims and defends an area... Ex. Fighting, Bird songs,
ODOR used to send information... Ex. Cat or dog urine, ant alarm…
A way of learning that involves connecting a behavior with a…
an innate behavior that follows a pattern... Ex. Nest building
Territorial Behvior
Claims and defends an area... Ex. Fighting, Bird songs,
Chemical Signal
ODOR used to send information... Ex. Cat or dog urine, ant alarm…
PSY 101 Chapter 13
agression
approach-approach
approach-avoidance
avoidance-avoidance
behavior that is intended to harm another living being who do…
type of conflict in which two options are equally attractive
type of conflict in which single desirable option also comes…
type of conflict in which both options are unappealing
agression
behavior that is intended to harm another living being who do…
approach-approach
type of conflict in which two options are equally attractive
Biology Chapter 13 Vocab
Population
Natural selection
Adaptation
Reproductive isolation
Consist of all the individuals of a species that live in a sp…
A process by which individuals that have favorable variations…
Is an inherited trait that has become common in a population…
Is the condition in which two populations of the same species…
Population
Consist of all the individuals of a species that live in a sp…
Natural selection
A process by which individuals that have favorable variations…
16 terms
Bio 101: Chapter 13
stem cells
tissues
organs
body systems
-immature cells that can divide repeatedly and give rise to m…
are an organized group of cells that work together to carry o…
-are composed of groups of tissues... -layers of tissues... -often…
organs working together
stem cells
-immature cells that can divide repeatedly and give rise to m…
tissues
are an organized group of cells that work together to carry o…
Biology Chapter 13 vocab
Population
Natural selection
Adaptation
Reproductive isolation
Consist of all the individuals of a species that live in a sp…
A process by which individuals that have favorable variations…
Is an inherited trait that has become common in a population…
Is the condition in which two populations of the same species…
Population
Consist of all the individuals of a species that live in a sp…
Natural selection
A process by which individuals that have favorable variations…
32 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 13
gametes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
homologous chromosomes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
the generation of offspring from two parents that have unique…
a pair of chromosomes that have the same length, centromere p…
gametes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
asexual reproduction
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
30 terms
Biology: Chapter 13
RNA
mRNA
tRNA
transcription
a nucleic acid that (like DNA), consists of a long chain of n…
the molecules that carry information from DNA to other parts…
the molecules that bring amino acids to the ribosome
synthesis of a RNA molecule from a DNA template
RNA
a nucleic acid that (like DNA), consists of a long chain of n…
mRNA
the molecules that carry information from DNA to other parts…
Business 101- Chapter 13
marketing mix
product
test marketing
brand name
the ingredients that go into a marketing program: product, pr…
any physical good, service, or idea that satisfies a want or…
the process of testing products among potential users
a word, letter, or a group of words and letters that differen…
marketing mix
the ingredients that go into a marketing program: product, pr…
product
any physical good, service, or idea that satisfies a want or…
35 terms
Biology 101 Ch 13
Who developed a theory of evolution al…
Lyell's book Principles of Geology, wh…
Darwin found that some of the species…
What broad set of ideas was establishe…
Wallace
Earth's surface is shaped by natural forces that act graduall…
more than they resembled animals on ecologically similar but…
Earth and its life are ancient and ever-changing; fossils doc…
Who developed a theory of evolution al…
Wallace
Lyell's book Principles of Geology, wh…
Earth's surface is shaped by natural forces that act graduall…
59 terms
Biology - Chapter 13 and 14
ecology
organism
population
community
study of interactions among living things and their surroundi…
individual
members of same species in same are
multiple populations
ecology
study of interactions among living things and their surroundi…
organism
individual
18 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13 - Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles
Two major kinds of reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Sexual reproduction occurs in two majo…
Asexual and Sexual Repoduction
one parent... genetically identical offspring... occurs by cell div…
two parents... unique offspring... offspring differ genetically fro…
Meiosis and Fertilization
Two major kinds of reproduction
Asexual and Sexual Repoduction
Asexual Reproduction
one parent... genetically identical offspring... occurs by cell div…
13 terms
Chapter 13 BUS 101
e- business
digital media
digital marketing
Characteristics of Digital marketing
carrying out the goals of business through use of the internet
electronic media that function using digital codes via comput…
the use of all digital media, including the internet and mobi…
1. addressability example: Amazon using cookies... 2. interactiv…
e- business
carrying out the goals of business through use of the internet
digital media
electronic media that function using digital codes via comput…
7 terms
BIO 101- Chapter 13
DNA polymerase
Germ-line cell
Molecular biology
Mutation
X
X
...
...
DNA polymerase
X
Germ-line cell
X
Bio 101 Chapter 13
biotechnology
uses for biotechnology
Natural DNA recombination
Bacterial transformation
an industrial or commercial use or alteration of organisms, c…
treat diseases, diagnose inherited diseases, learn about the…
occurs through sexual reproduction and bacterial transformati…
bacteria acquire DNA from plasmids or other bacteria
biotechnology
an industrial or commercial use or alteration of organisms, c…
uses for biotechnology
treat diseases, diagnose inherited diseases, learn about the…
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