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Study sets matching "biology 101 chapter 7"

35 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 7
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral membrane proteins
characteristic of plasma membrane, whereby it allows some sub…
molecule that has both hydrophobic & hydrophilic regions
the currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
proteins that penetrate the hydrophobic interior of the lipid…
selective permeability
characteristic of plasma membrane, whereby it allows some sub…
amphipathic
molecule that has both hydrophobic & hydrophilic regions
21 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
Amphipillic
Fluidity
Unsaturated tails
Saturated tails
Both hydrophobic and hydrophilic
When phospholipids flip and trade places it gives this to the…
Kinked tails, prevent packing
Straight tails, packed together
Amphipillic
Both hydrophobic and hydrophilic
Fluidity
When phospholipids flip and trade places it gives this to the…
140 terms
Sc 101 chapter 7 biology
skeletal system
muscular system
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
framework of the human body, approximately 206 bones that sup…
makes body movements possible
the "backbone" of the skeletal system, made up of 80 bones; h…
to the bones of the appendages: arms, legs, shoulders, hips
skeletal system
framework of the human body, approximately 206 bones that sup…
muscular system
makes body movements possible
30 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 7
cellular respiration
where does cellular respiration occur…
where does cellular respiration occur…
equation for cellular respiration
a process of breaking down food molecules and generating ATP…
mitochondria
chloroplast
C6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
cellular respiration
a process of breaking down food molecules and generating ATP…
where does cellular respiration occur…
mitochondria
23 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
Gene
Gene Expression
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transcription
Part of a DNA base sequence. Specifies an RNA or protein prod…
Process of information becomes converted to an RNA or protein…
Type of RNA that has a protein building message
Process of RNA being assembled from nucleotides using the bas…
Gene
Part of a DNA base sequence. Specifies an RNA or protein prod…
Gene Expression
Process of information becomes converted to an RNA or protein…
10 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Aerobic respiration
Fermentation
Involving or occuring in the presence of oxygen
Occurring in the absence of oxygen
Oxygen requiring metabolic pathway that breaks down sugars to…
A metabolic pathway the breakdown sugars to produce ATP and d…
Aerobic
Involving or occuring in the presence of oxygen
Anaerobic
Occurring in the absence of oxygen
35 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 7
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral membrane proteins
characteristic of plasma membrane, whereby it allows some sub…
molecule that has both hydrophobic & hydrophilic regions
the currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
proteins that penetrate the hydrophobic interior of the lipid…
selective permeability
characteristic of plasma membrane, whereby it allows some sub…
amphipathic
molecule that has both hydrophobic & hydrophilic regions
33 terms
Biology 101-Chapter 7
phospholipid bilayer
transport proteins
selectively permeable membrane
passive transport
double layer of lipids that provides the structural framework…
membrane spanning proteins that provide pathways by which mat…
sophisticated filter created by phospholipid bilayer that con…
spontaneous movement of a substance--no energy input needed
phospholipid bilayer
double layer of lipids that provides the structural framework…
transport proteins
membrane spanning proteins that provide pathways by which mat…
42 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
Selectively Permeable
Fluid mosaic model
Amphipathic molecules
Phospholipid bilayer
-plasma membrane is this... -allows some substances to cross but…
-fluid structure with a "mosaic" of various proteins embedded…
-have both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions... -ex-phospholip…
Acts as a stableboundary between two aqueous compartments... - E…
Selectively Permeable
-plasma membrane is this... -allows some substances to cross but…
Fluid mosaic model
-fluid structure with a "mosaic" of various proteins embedded…
23 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
aerobic respiration
fermentation
aerobic
anaerobic
most efficient oxygen requiring mechanism that breaks down su…
less efficient mechanism that breaks down sugars to produce A…
involving or occurring in the presence of oxygen
occurring in the absence of oxygen
aerobic respiration
most efficient oxygen requiring mechanism that breaks down su…
fermentation
less efficient mechanism that breaks down sugars to produce A…
25 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
nucleus
chromosome
23
hereditary molecule that is passed from parents to offspring…
DNA is found in the _____ of eukaryotic cells
single DNA molecule wrapped around proteins
Humans have __ pairs of chromosomes
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
hereditary molecule that is passed from parents to offspring…
nucleus
DNA is found in the _____ of eukaryotic cells
140 terms
Sc 101 chapter 7 biology
skeletal system
muscular system
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
framework of the human body, approximately 206 bones that sup…
makes body movements possible
the "backbone" of the skeletal system, made up of 80 bones; h…
to the bones of the appendages: arms, legs, shoulders, hips
skeletal system
framework of the human body, approximately 206 bones that sup…
muscular system
makes body movements possible
42 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 7
True.
True.
True.
True.
True or False: Each of the two copies of a gene is called an…
True or False: Offspring resemble their parents because they…
True or False: Traits that are determined by the instructions…
True or False: Some traits are determined by instructions tha…
True.
True or False: Each of the two copies of a gene is called an…
True.
True or False: Offspring resemble their parents because they…
13 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
Photosynthesis
Endosymbiotic Hypothesis for Origin of…
Light-dependent Reactions
Light-independent reactions
When sunlight is turned to chemical energy, stored in glucose…
Thought to have been bacteria that infected ancestral cells,…
Chlorophyll turns sunlight to chemical energy, releasing oxyg…
(Dark Reactions) stroma enzymes use chemical energy from LDR…
Photosynthesis
When sunlight is turned to chemical energy, stored in glucose…
Endosymbiotic Hypothesis for Origin of…
Thought to have been bacteria that infected ancestral cells,…
22 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
bilayer
membrane
fluid mosaic model
fatty acid composition and cholesterol
formed of phospholipids
where proteins are embedded in and associated with the surface
describes how the phospholipids shift laterally in the bilaye…
What compositions influence membrane fluidity?
bilayer
formed of phospholipids
membrane
where proteins are embedded in and associated with the surface
31 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
Starch
Photosynthetic pigments
Photon
C3 photosynthesis
Made of glucose... Stored for later use
Molecules that absorb energy from light
A packet of radiant energy
Fix CO2 directly to RuBP... Most types of plants
Starch
Made of glucose... Stored for later use
Photosynthetic pigments
Molecules that absorb energy from light
35 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 7
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral membrane proteins
characteristic of plasma membrane, whereby it allows some sub…
molecule that has both hydrophobic & hydrophilic regions
the currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
proteins that penetrate the hydrophobic interior of the lipid…
selective permeability
characteristic of plasma membrane, whereby it allows some sub…
amphipathic
molecule that has both hydrophobic & hydrophilic regions
38 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
Fluid Mosaic Model
Amphipatic
Cholesterol
Integral Proteins
Sturcture of the plasma membrane
Containing both hydrophilic and hydeophobic regions
Acts as a buffer for the fluidity of the plasma membrane
Penetrate hydrophobic interior of the lipid bilayer
Fluid Mosaic Model
Sturcture of the plasma membrane
Amphipatic
Containing both hydrophilic and hydeophobic regions
30 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
Phospholipids
Fluid Mosaic Model
Membrane Fluidity
Cholesterol
-The most abundant lipid in the plasma membrane... -Amphipathic…
-Describes the structure of the plasma membrane and the vario…
-Phospholipids move and exchange places within one side of th…
-buffers the plasma membrane ... -Restrains movement of phosphol…
Phospholipids
-The most abundant lipid in the plasma membrane... -Amphipathic…
Fluid Mosaic Model
-Describes the structure of the plasma membrane and the vario…
27 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
aerobic
anerobic
aerobic respiration
glycolysis
involving or occurring in the presence of oxygen
occurring in the absence of oxygen
oxygen-requiring metabolic pathway that breaks down sugars to…
set of reactions in which a six-carbon sugar (such as glucose…
aerobic
involving or occurring in the presence of oxygen
anerobic
occurring in the absence of oxygen
24 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
Amphipathic
Peripheral proteins
Integral Proteins
What are the 6 major functions of memb…
Molecules that contain hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
bound to the surface of the membrane of the fluid mosaic model
Penetrate the hydrophobic core of the fluid mosaic model
Transport, Enzyme activity, signal transduction, cell-cell re…
Amphipathic
Molecules that contain hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
Peripheral proteins
bound to the surface of the membrane of the fluid mosaic model
33 terms
Biology 101-Chapter 7
phospholipid bilayer
transport proteins
selectively permeable membrane
passive transport
double layer of lipids that provides the structural framework…
membrane spanning proteins that provide pathways by which mat…
sophisticated filter created by phospholipid bilayer that con…
spontaneous movement of a substance--no energy input needed
phospholipid bilayer
double layer of lipids that provides the structural framework…
transport proteins
membrane spanning proteins that provide pathways by which mat…
19 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7 Vocabulary (ashell)
selectively permeable
amphipathic
integral proteins
transmembrane proteins
membrane that regulates the entering and exiting of certain m…
a molecule (especially a protein) having both hydrophilic and…
proteins that protrude into the membrane
proteins that not only protrude into the membrane, but also c…
selectively permeable
membrane that regulates the entering and exiting of certain m…
amphipathic
a molecule (especially a protein) having both hydrophilic and…
24 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
autotroph
C3 plant
c4 plant
Calvin cycle/reactions
An organism that makes its own food (often by photosynthesis)…
A plant that uses the Calvin cycle for the initial steps that…
A plant that prefaces the Calvin cycle with reactions that in…
The second of two stages of photosynthesis; a cyclic series o…
autotroph
An organism that makes its own food (often by photosynthesis)…
C3 plant
A plant that uses the Calvin cycle for the initial steps that…
47 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
Genome
Human Genome Project
DNA
Bacterial Transfer
all of the genetic material in the cells of an organism
sequenced the nucleotides found in human DNA, also know detai…
____ is the information molecule that directs the production…
the transfer of DNA from one bacteria to another
Genome
all of the genetic material in the cells of an organism
Human Genome Project
sequenced the nucleotides found in human DNA, also know detai…
24 terms
Biology 101 Gilbert Chapter 7
Hans Driesch (1892)
Hans Spemann (1918)
enucleate egg
1950s
separated four sea urchin blastomeres, each blastomere became…
showed equivalence and totipotency by constricting salamander…
an egg without the nucleus
basic cloning procedures were developed in the
Hans Driesch (1892)
separated four sea urchin blastomeres, each blastomere became…
Hans Spemann (1918)
showed equivalence and totipotency by constricting salamander…
87 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
Plasma Membrane
Selective Permeability
Phospholipids
Amphipathic Molecules
boundary that separates the living cell from its surroundings
Allow some substances to cross the membrane more easily than…
Most abundant lipid in plasma membrane
Contain hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
Plasma Membrane
boundary that separates the living cell from its surroundings
Selective Permeability
Allow some substances to cross the membrane more easily than…
64 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
peripheral proteins
exists in plasma membranes, allows some substances through bu…
phospholipids are these, contain hydrophobic and hydrophilic…
states that a membrane is a fluid structure with a "mosaic" o…
bound to the surface of the membrane
selective permeability
exists in plasma membranes, allows some substances through bu…
amphipathic
phospholipids are these, contain hydrophobic and hydrophilic…
24 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
amphipathic molecules
Peripheral proteins
Integral proteins
What are the six major functions of me…
containing hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
bound to the surface of the membrane
penetrate the hydrophobic core
1. Transport... 2. Enzymatic activity... 3. Signal transductions... 4.…
amphipathic molecules
containing hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
Peripheral proteins
bound to the surface of the membrane
43 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
what has selective permeability, which…
What makes up the plasma membrane?
what is the most abundant lipid in the…
Phospholipids are what kind of molecule?
Plasma membrane
lipids & proteins
phospholipids
amphiphilic
what has selective permeability, which…
Plasma membrane
What makes up the plasma membrane?
lipids & proteins
31 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
Photosynthesis
Autotrophs
Producers
Photoautotrophs
a process that converts solar energy to chemical energy. (cel…
"self feeders" living things that make their own food and thu…
produce food supply
all organisms that produce organic molecules form inorganic m…
Photosynthesis
a process that converts solar energy to chemical energy. (cel…
Autotrophs
"self feeders" living things that make their own food and thu…
Biology 101 - Chapter 7
What is the name given to organisms th…
Photoautotrophs
Which of the following is an example o…
Autotrophs that utilize light as their…
autotrophs
produce organic molecules from inorganic molecules.
cyanobacteria in freshwater and marine ecosystems
photoautotrophs.
What is the name given to organisms th…
autotrophs
Photoautotrophs
produce organic molecules from inorganic molecules.
25 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7
Define abiotic
Define biotic
Define population
Define community
non living
living
a group of organisms of the same species living together in t…
a collections of different types of organisms that live in a…
Define abiotic
non living
Define biotic
living
64 terms
Biology 101 - Chapter 7
What is the name given to organisms th…
Photoautotrophs..
Which of the following is an example o…
Autotrophs that utilize light as their…
autotrophs
produce organic molecules from inorganic molecules.
cyanobacteria in freshwater and marine ecosystems
photoautotrophs.
What is the name given to organisms th…
autotrophs
Photoautotrophs..
produce organic molecules from inorganic molecules.
69 terms
Biology 101 (smith) Chapter 7 cell division
Chromosome
Chromatin
___________ usually have one set of ch…
(n)
a full linear (string) double-stranded DNA molecule
-fully condensed chromosome... -DNA + structural proteins
Animals
represents the haploid number
Chromosome
a full linear (string) double-stranded DNA molecule
Chromatin
-fully condensed chromosome... -DNA + structural proteins
47 terms
Biology H101 Chapter 7
What is asexual reproduction?
What is sexual reproduction?
What is binary fission?
What is mitotic division?
Clones that are genetically identical to the parent
Genetic information from 2 individuals of opposite mating typ…
Genetic material taking the form of a single loop of DNA, DNA…
The process of generating 2 genetically identical daughter ce…
What is asexual reproduction?
Clones that are genetically identical to the parent
What is sexual reproduction?
Genetic information from 2 individuals of opposite mating typ…
45 terms
BIO 101 Chapter 7 Photosynthesis
What is Photosynthesis?
What is Autotrophs?
Why is Photosynthesis the most importa…
In plants, where are chloroplasts foun…
Using light energy from the sun to mke food molecules using C…
They make their own food.
This process provides food for nearly all life on Earth and i…
All green plant parts.
What is Photosynthesis?
Using light energy from the sun to mke food molecules using C…
What is Autotrophs?
They make their own food.
Biology 101: Chapter 7 Photosynthesis
Epidermis
Mesophyll
Stomata
Vein
Single layer of cells on upper and lower
Middle layer
Openings
Delivers water and nutrients
Epidermis
Single layer of cells on upper and lower
Mesophyll
Middle layer
25 terms
Biology 101 chapter 7 Photosynthesis
absorption spectrum
ATP synthase
autotroph
C3 plant
Complex of proteins in the cristae of mitochondria and thylak…
Complex of proteins in the cristae of mitochondria and thylak…
Organism that can capture energy and synthesize organic molec…
Plant that fixes carbon dioxide via the Calvin cycle; the fir…
absorption spectrum
Complex of proteins in the cristae of mitochondria and thylak…
ATP synthase
Complex of proteins in the cristae of mitochondria and thylak…
70 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7-12
aerobic
anaerobic
aerobic respiration
fermentation
involving or occurring in the presence of oxygen
occurring in the absence of oxygen
oxygen-requiring metabolic pathway that breaks down sugar to…
a metabolic pathway that breaks down sugars to produce ATP an…
aerobic
involving or occurring in the presence of oxygen
anaerobic
occurring in the absence of oxygen
50 terms
Plasma Membranes - Chapter 7 - Biology 101
Fluid Mosaic Model
Amphipatic
Proteins in the plasma membrane are
Freeze Fracture
describes the structure of the plasma membrane. Fluid part is…
Containing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions
Amphipatic
reveals mosaic nature of proteins in plasma membrane. freezin…
Fluid Mosaic Model
describes the structure of the plasma membrane. Fluid part is…
Amphipatic
Containing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions
20 terms
Chapter 7 Success 101
alma mater
automatic
issue
logical
the school, college, or university someone attended
something done without the need for thought; unconscious
to put out or deliver, usually officially
capable of reason
alma mater
the school, college, or university someone attended
automatic
something done without the need for thought; unconscious
38 terms
CHAPTER 7 (101)
BUILD
TO BUILD
TO BE
TO GO UP
בוֹנֶה/בוֹנַה/בוֹנִים/בוֹנוֹת
לִבְנוֹת
לִהְיוֹת
לַעַלוֹת
BUILD
בוֹנֶה/בוֹנַה/בוֹנִים/בוֹנוֹת
TO BUILD
לִבְנוֹת
38 terms
Bio 101 Chapter 7
photosynthesis
autotroph
photoautotroph
heterotroph
the process by which plants, algae, and some protists and pro…
an organism that makes its own food (often by photosynthesis)…
an organism that obtains energy from sunlight and carbon from…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
photosynthesis
the process by which plants, algae, and some protists and pro…
autotroph
an organism that makes its own food (often by photosynthesis)…
16 terms
bio 101 chapter 7
functions of membrane
components of membrane
structure of membrane
fluid mosaic model
-protection... -isolation (physical barrier)... -communication... -reg…
lipids... -phospholipids... -cholesterol (steroids)... proteins... carb…
phospholipid bilayer... -hydrophobic center/ hydrophilic exteri…
fluid makes components move laterally/ fluidity can be affect…
functions of membrane
-protection... -isolation (physical barrier)... -communication... -reg…
components of membrane
lipids... -phospholipids... -cholesterol (steroids)... proteins... carb…
34 terms
CHAPTER 7 for BIOLOGY 101 EXAM
plasma membrane
what is an example of something that i…
what are the chemicals of the plasma m…
phospholipid
SELECTIVELY PERMEABLE outer boundary of a cell (controls what…
water
1) phospholipid ... 2) proteins ... 3) glycolipids and glycoprotein…
has a POLAR head and a NON POLAR tail... they are arranged into…
plasma membrane
SELECTIVELY PERMEABLE outer boundary of a cell (controls what…
what is an example of something that i…
water
64 terms
Biology 101. Ch 7
Photosynthesis is the primary means by…
What conclusion did Jan Baptista Van H…
Why did the mouse live in Joseph Pries…
Gamma rays,x-rays ,ultraviolet radiati…
Carbon and energy
That the plants weight came from the water that gets into the…
The light shining on the mint plant provided energy to the pl…
They all absorb light and are all electromagnetic radiation f…
Photosynthesis is the primary means by…
Carbon and energy
What conclusion did Jan Baptista Van H…
That the plants weight came from the water that gets into the…
16 terms
Bio 101 - Chapter 7
Equation for Photosynthesis
Chloroplasts
Wavelength
Chlorophyll
See picture.
Outer and inner membrane system with fluid filled space. The…
Length between two waves of light. Sunshine is called white l…
Consists of A and B. It is a green pigment.
Equation for Photosynthesis
See picture.
Chloroplasts
Outer and inner membrane system with fluid filled space. The…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 7
cell wall
cell membrane
chloroplasts
chromatin
found in plant but not animal cells, a thick, rigid, mesh of…
found in both plant and animal cells and consisting of a phos…
found in plant but not animal cells, they contain pigments th…
a complex mass of DNA attached to protein that is found in th…
cell wall
found in plant but not animal cells, a thick, rigid, mesh of…
cell membrane
found in both plant and animal cells and consisting of a phos…
BIO101 Chapter 7
ATP
phosphorylation
the major molecule for the extraction…
food molicules
Adenosine triphosphate.... the energy carrier in cells that powe…
ATP becomes ADP (Adenosine diphosphate) after use, and return…
Glucose
starch, proteins, and lipids
ATP
Adenosine triphosphate.... the energy carrier in cells that powe…
phosphorylation
ATP becomes ADP (Adenosine diphosphate) after use, and return…
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