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Study sets matching "biology 101 metabolism"

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Study sets matching "biology 101 metabolism"

52 terms
Biology 101 - Chapter 5 metabolism
Fluid Mosaic Model
Selective permeability
Three protein molecules
Enzymes
Describes membrane's structure... - Contains phospholipid bilaye…
Allows some substances to cross than others
Enzymes, Signal transduction, and transport proteins
Help carry/catalyze chemical reactions... - Decreases activation…
Fluid Mosaic Model
Describes membrane's structure... - Contains phospholipid bilaye…
Selective permeability
Allows some substances to cross than others
16 terms
Biology 101: Energy & Metabolism
Energy (E)
Forms of E
Energy exists in two states (Two types…
Laws of Energy Conversion (Thermodynam…
Ability to bring about change, do work
Mechanical, sound, electrical, radioactivity, light, heat, ch…
Kinetic energy: Energy of motion... Ex: moving flagellum, electr…
1st Law: total amount of energy in universe is constant, ener…
Energy (E)
Ability to bring about change, do work
Forms of E
Mechanical, sound, electrical, radioactivity, light, heat, ch…
21 terms
Biology 101 power of metabolism
Chemical
Metabolism
Food
Energy
Our lives depend on thousands of chemical reactions
The sum of the chemical reactions in our bodies is called our…
When an organism is unable or unwilling to supply itself with…
The body is very smart and does not want to expand energy unn…
Chemical
Our lives depend on thousands of chemical reactions
Metabolism
The sum of the chemical reactions in our bodies is called our…
8 terms
biology 101 chapter 5: Metabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
respiration
the sum of all chemical reactions within the cell
the breakdown of complex molecules into simple molecules
the buildup of simple molecules into complex molecules
The conversion of oxygen by living things into the energy by…
metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions within the cell
catabolism
the breakdown of complex molecules into simple molecules
41 terms
Biology 101 chapter 6 Metabolism: Energy and Enzymes
active site
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
allosteric site
ATP synthases
Region of an enzyme where the substrate binds and where the c…
Nucleotide with two phosphate groups that can accept another…
Site on an allosteric enzyme that binds an effector molecule;…
Complex of proteins in the cristae of mitochondria and thylak…
active site
Region of an enzyme where the substrate binds and where the c…
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
Nucleotide with two phosphate groups that can accept another…
21 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 8 - energy, enzymes, and metabolism
metabolism
potential energy
kinetic energy
catabolic reactions
the total of all chemical reactions occurring in a biological…
the energy of state or position - stored energy
the energy of movement - type of energy that does work, that…
associated with the breakdown of complex molecules and releas…
metabolism
the total of all chemical reactions occurring in a biological…
potential energy
the energy of state or position - stored energy
17 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 5: ground metabolism
Liver
Primary source of energy ?
Activation energy
How do cells store free energy
Held neutralize toxins present in the body , stores excess gl…
The sun 🌞🌞
The minimum amount of energy needed to get a reaction started
By running endergonic reactions that build organic compounds…
Liver
Held neutralize toxins present in the body , stores excess gl…
Primary source of energy ?
The sun 🌞🌞
59 terms
An Introduction to Metabolism - Chapter 8 - Biology 101
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic
anabolic
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions, manages the…
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
pathways that breakdown complex molecules into simpler molecu…
pathways that consume energy to build complicated molecules
Metabolism
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions, manages the…
Metabolic Pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
52 terms
Biology 101- Chapter Five Membranes and Metabolism
diffusion
Passive transport
active transport
Osmosis
movement of molecules across the selectively permeable lipid…
does not require energy. Facilitated diffusion occurs
requires energy (ATP) and protein pumps. A solute is moved ag…
diffusion of water across a membrane. Water moves down its co…
diffusion
movement of molecules across the selectively permeable lipid…
Passive transport
does not require energy. Facilitated diffusion occurs
35 terms
Biology - metabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
energy
organism's chemical processes
breakdown of complex molecules to simples molecules
build complex molecules from simple molecules
capacity to do work
metabolism
organism's chemical processes
catabolism
breakdown of complex molecules to simples molecules
27 terms
Biology 101 UPENN Lecture 7: Metabolism and Chemical Reactions
Two types of cells
Making new bonds captures energy from…
Define Metabolism
chemical reactions that break down mol…
prokaryotes and eukaryotes
True
set of chemical reactions that convert molecules into other t…
Catabolic Reactions
Two types of cells
prokaryotes and eukaryotes
Making new bonds captures energy from…
True
10 terms
Metabolism 101
Every pound of fat free mass burns 14…
This is FUEL for your Body? __________…
Your body goes into "storage mode" whe…
Unless we perform regular strength tra…
Day
Food
Calories
25
Every pound of fat free mass burns 14…
Day
This is FUEL for your Body? __________…
Food
61 terms
Biology - Metabolism
Metabolism
catabolic reactions
anabolic reactions
Ingestion
the sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body... -can…
break down large chemicals and release energy
build up large chemicals and require energy
the acquisition and consumption of food and other raw materials
Metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body... -can…
catabolic reactions
break down large chemicals and release energy
15 terms
Biology Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Condensation
The set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within th…
The set of metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into…
The set of metabolic pathways that construct molecules from s…
The change of water from its gaseous form (water vapor) into…
Metabolism
The set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within th…
Catabolism
The set of metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into…
26 terms
Bio 101, Metabolism
Energy:
Kinetic energy:
Potential energy:
Heat:
the capacity to do work
energy of motion
stored energy
the measure of the random motion of molecules
Energy:
the capacity to do work
Kinetic energy:
energy of motion
61 terms
Biology - Metabolism
Metabolism
catabolic reactions
anabolic reactions
Ingestion
the sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body... -can…
break down large chemicals and release energy
build up large chemicals and require energy
the acquisition and consumption of food and other raw materials
Metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body... -can…
catabolic reactions
break down large chemicals and release energy
41 terms
Biology - metabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
energy
organism's chemical processes
breakdown of complex molecules to simples molecules
build complex molecules from simple molecules
capacity to do work
metabolism
organism's chemical processes
catabolism
breakdown of complex molecules to simples molecules
28 terms
Bio 101: Intro to Metabolism
Energy
Forms of Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
capacity to do work
-potential ... -kinetic... -chemical
capacity to make things happen
motion (includes heat)
Energy
capacity to do work
Forms of Energy
-potential ... -kinetic... -chemical
60 terms
biology- metabolism
metabolism
metabolic pathways
catabolism
anabolic
The totality of an organisms chemical reactions.
the chemistry of life is organized into these
breaking down of substances ex: digestion. releases energy
building up of substances ex: amino acids into protein. Uses…
metabolism
The totality of an organisms chemical reactions.
metabolic pathways
the chemistry of life is organized into these
15 terms
Biology Metabolism
Metabolic Reactions and energy transfo…
Metabolism
Catabolic Reactions
Anabolic Reactions
1. Metabolism... -Catabolic Reactions... -Anabolic Reaction... 2. ATP-…
The sum of all chemical/biochemical rxns in the cell... A+B(reac…
Breakdown... Degration Reactions ... Catabolism... Generally energy re…
Synthesis rxn, anabolism... Generally requires energy... Endergonic…
Metabolic Reactions and energy transfo…
1. Metabolism... -Catabolic Reactions... -Anabolic Reaction... 2. ATP-…
Metabolism
The sum of all chemical/biochemical rxns in the cell... A+B(reac…
50 terms
Biology: Metabolism
Saturated Fat
Saturated Fat
Unsaturated Fat
Unsaturated Fat
Fat in which the fatty acids all have single bonds.
Food Examples: Beef, whole milk, cream, butter, cheese, ice c…
a long-chain hydrocarbon that has one or more than one double…
Food Examples: Peanut Butter, Avocados, olive oil, nuts
Saturated Fat
Fat in which the fatty acids all have single bonds.
Saturated Fat
Food Examples: Beef, whole milk, cream, butter, cheese, ice c…
75 terms
Biology Metabolism
Energy definition
Energy functions
potential energy
kinetic energy
Ability to do work or cause a change
Carry out life functions... energy from photosynthesis is from t…
stored energy... food=bonds
energy in motion... you walking
Energy definition
Ability to do work or cause a change
Energy functions
Carry out life functions... energy from photosynthesis is from t…
37 terms
Metabolism ( Nutrition 101)
Where can metabolism occur in the body?
What is the MEOS system?
Glycolysis
What does glycolysis break down?
Outside of the cell ... -plasma membrane -holds the cell contents
Microsomal Ethanol Oxidizing System ... > used during chronic a…
Glycolysis breaks down glucose ... -location: cytoplasm ... -produc…
Breaks down glucose
Where can metabolism occur in the body?
Outside of the cell ... -plasma membrane -holds the cell contents
What is the MEOS system?
Microsomal Ethanol Oxidizing System ... > used during chronic a…
34 terms
BIOL 101 Chp 8: An Introduction to Metabolism
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions which manage…
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
series of reactions that release energy by breaking down comp…
series of reactions that consume energy to synthesize a compl…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions which manage…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
45 terms
Biology Metabolism
Cellular Metabolism
Autotrophic
Heterotrophic
Net reaction of photosynthesis
- the sum total of all chemical reactions that take place in…
- green plants... - convert sunlight into bond energy stored in…
- obtain energy catabolically... - break down organic nutrients…
6CO₂ + 2H₂O + energy --> C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂
Cellular Metabolism
- the sum total of all chemical reactions that take place in…
Autotrophic
- green plants... - convert sunlight into bond energy stored in…
52 terms
AP Biology Metabolism
Metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions that result f…
a sequence of chemical reactions undergone by a compound in a…
breaking a complex molecule down into its simpler parts, rele…
using energy to build complex molecules from simpler molecule…
Metabolism
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions that result f…
metabolic pathway
a sequence of chemical reactions undergone by a compound in a…
29 terms
Biology 101
H
Hydrogen
He
Helium
Hydrogen
Helium
H
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
12 terms
Metabolism, biology
simple organic compound, forms the bas…
appendix
cellulose-digestion function, large in…
carbohydrate
amino acid
in humans no function, in some herbivores a cellulose-digesti…
ceacum
large group of organic compounds, in food and living tissue,…
simple organic compound, forms the bas…
amino acid
appendix
in humans no function, in some herbivores a cellulose-digesti…
49 terms
Biology- Metabolism
allosteric regulation
cooperativity
feedback inhibition
metabolism
-may either inhibit or stimulate an enzyme's activity... -occurs…
-a form of allosteric regulation that can amplify enzyme acti…
-the end product of a metabolic pathway shuts down the pathwa…
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
allosteric regulation
-may either inhibit or stimulate an enzyme's activity... -occurs…
cooperativity
-a form of allosteric regulation that can amplify enzyme acti…
28 terms
Biology: Metabolism
metabolism
kinetic energy
energy
potential energy
the sum of all chemical reactions in a cell or organism
the energy of motion
the ability to do work
the stored energy that an object possesses as a result of its…
metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions in a cell or organism
kinetic energy
the energy of motion
50 terms
Biology (Metabolism)
Photosynthesis
What is the equation for photosynthesis?
Chloroplast
Pigments
Conversion of light energy into glucose, using carbon dioxide…
6CO2+6H2O=light=C6H12O6+6O2
organelle that performs photosynthesis
protein molecules in all organisms that absorb specific color…
Photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy into glucose, using carbon dioxide…
What is the equation for photosynthesis?
6CO2+6H2O=light=C6H12O6+6O2
146 terms
Biology 101
Intermolecular attractions
Polar molecule
Properties of water
Nonpolar molecules
Attraction between molecules
Asymmetric molecule hydrophilic
Very polar... Adhesion... Cohesion... High specific heat... High heat of…
Symmetrical or balanced molecule... Hydrophobic
Intermolecular attractions
Attraction between molecules
Polar molecule
Asymmetric molecule hydrophilic
Biology: Metabolism
Metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
Forms of energy
the sum of all chemical reactions carried out be a cell or la…
building molecules, EX amino acids to proteins
breaking down molecules, EX protein to amino acids
potential energy, kinetic energy, chemical energy
Metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions carried out be a cell or la…
anabolism
building molecules, EX amino acids to proteins
16 terms
Biology - Metabolism
glycolysis
where does glycolysis occur?
substrate level phosphorylation
fermentation
breakdown of glucose to pyruvate
cytoplasm
transfer of phosphate molecule from a molecule to ADP
metabolism in the absence of oxygen
glycolysis
breakdown of glucose to pyruvate
where does glycolysis occur?
cytoplasm
10 terms
Bio 101 Metabolism
Lactic acid fermentation
Alcohol fermentation
Obligate anaerobes
Facultative anaerobes
Can Build up in human muscle cells and is also used in the pr…
The backing and winemaking industries have used this for thou…
Require anaerobic condition, poisoned by oxygen, live in stag…
Can make ATP by fermentation or oxidative phosphorylation, in…
Lactic acid fermentation
Can Build up in human muscle cells and is also used in the pr…
Alcohol fermentation
The backing and winemaking industries have used this for thou…
41 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 3
Eukaryotic cells
Prokaryotic cells
Archaean cells
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Have a nucleus (membrane enclosed DNA organelle)... are structur…
Have a nucleoid (no membrane around DNA)... structurally simple;…
have qualities of both prokaryotes and eukaryotes and exist i…
recognized for inventing one of the earliest microscopes and…
Eukaryotic cells
Have a nucleus (membrane enclosed DNA organelle)... are structur…
Prokaryotic cells
Have a nucleoid (no membrane around DNA)... structurally simple;…
8 terms
Metabolism (biology)
metabolism
biomolecules
carbohydrates
lipids
all the set of chemical reactions that take place in your bod…
molecules that are involved in the maintenance and metabolic…
(cellulose, starches, sugars, glucose...)
(milk, oils, pork, fats, waxes...)
metabolism
all the set of chemical reactions that take place in your bod…
biomolecules
molecules that are involved in the maintenance and metabolic…
48 terms
Biology: Metabolism
Number of ATP produced by Glycolysis
Number of ATP produced by Kreb's Cycle
Number of ATP produced Electron Transp…
Number of ATP produced by Light Reacti…
4
2
32
4
Number of ATP produced by Glycolysis
4
Number of ATP produced by Kreb's Cycle
2
101 terms
Biology 101 chapter 2
Matter
Elements
Elements That Make up 95% of Organisms
Atom
Anything that takes up space and has mass
All matter, living or nonliving, is made up of this, substanc…
C Carbon... H Hydrogen... N Nitrogen... O Oxygen... P Phosphorus... S Sulfur
The smallest part of an element that displays the properties…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Elements
All matter, living or nonliving, is made up of this, substanc…
47 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Metabolism
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
-totality of an organism's chemical reactions... -emergent prope…
begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
(berakdown pathways and "downhill") a metabolic pathway that…
(biosynthetic pathways and "uphill") consume energy to build…
metabolism
-totality of an organism's chemical reactions... -emergent prope…
metabolic pathway
begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
Biology Metabolism
this is defined as the sum of all cata…
we need to break down energy-rich comp…
this is defined as the ability to do w…
this is defined as the energy possesse…
metabolism
convert the energy into a form that the cell can use
energy
kinetic energy
this is defined as the sum of all cata…
metabolism
we need to break down energy-rich comp…
convert the energy into a form that the cell can use
38 terms
AP Biology Metabolism
Metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions that result f…
a sequence of chemical reactions undergone by a compound in a…
breaking a complex molecule down into its simpler parts, rele…
using energy to build complex molecules from simpler molecule…
Metabolism
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions that result f…
metabolic pathway
a sequence of chemical reactions undergone by a compound in a…
BIO101: Metabolism
metabolism
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
energy
all of an organism's chemical reactions
break down complex molecules; release energy
use energy; build new complex molecules from simpler ones
capacity of a system to do work
metabolism
all of an organism's chemical reactions
catabolic pathways
break down complex molecules; release energy
29 terms
Biology (Metabolism)
Metabolism
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
Entropy
all of the chemical reactions that occur in cells
energy may change forms, but is neither created nor destroyed
energy changes always occur in the direction in which the ene…
amount of disorder of randomness in the universe
Metabolism
all of the chemical reactions that occur in cells
First Law of Thermodynamics
energy may change forms, but is neither created nor destroyed
9 terms
Metabolism (biology)
Metabolism
Anabolic reactions
Catabolic reactions
First Law of Thermodynamics
Sum of all chemical reactions in the body
Used to build molecules
Used to break down molecules
Energy in the universe is constant ... Energy not created or des…
Metabolism
Sum of all chemical reactions in the body
Anabolic reactions
Used to build molecules
9 terms
Biology: Metabolism
Absorb
Growth
Reproduce
Responding
Taking in substances
Adding new parts
Dividing to make new cells
Make changes
Absorb
Taking in substances
Growth
Adding new parts
22 terms
Biology [metabolism]
Potential Energy
Metabolism makes up what?
Exergonic Energy and Chemical Reactions
Endergonic Energy and Chemical Reactions
(This is stored energy that can be used later.) ex: objects p…
The sum of all chemical reactions taking place in the living…
These reactions release energy when they occur. ... Related to e…
These reactions require an input of energy. Related to endoth…
Potential Energy
(This is stored energy that can be used later.) ex: objects p…
Metabolism makes up what?
The sum of all chemical reactions taking place in the living…
18 terms
Biology Metabolism
metabolism
autotrophs
photoautotrophs
chemoautotrophs
is the sum of all the chemical reactions within a living orga…
organisms that make up their own energy ... 1. photoautotrophs... 2…
perform photosynthesis to convert sunlight into glucose... 1. pl…
perform chemosynthesis to convert chemicals into glucose... 1. s…
metabolism
is the sum of all the chemical reactions within a living orga…
autotrophs
organisms that make up their own energy ... 1. photoautotrophs... 2…
10 terms
Biology metabolism
Anabolic
Catablic
Exergonic reactions
Endergonic reactions
Building - requires input of energy tp synthesize complex mol…
Break down - degradation of complex molecules into simpler on…
Negative delta G - release free energy. Also called spontaneo…
Positive delta G - more free energy than reactants. Energy st…
Anabolic
Building - requires input of energy tp synthesize complex mol…
Catablic
Break down - degradation of complex molecules into simpler on…
Biology -- Metabolism
What does it mean to be organic?
What is a hydrocarbon? What is the rel…
Why are the molecules that make up lif…
Describe characteristics of hydrocarbo…
contains Carbon
chains of Carbon and Hydrogen --> basis of all macromolecules
Carbon is versatile because it has 4 valence electrons.
stores energy in bonds
What does it mean to be organic?
contains Carbon
What is a hydrocarbon? What is the rel…
chains of Carbon and Hydrogen --> basis of all macromolecules
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