Study sets matching "biology 101 metabolism"

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Study sets matching "biology 101 metabolism"

16 terms
Biology 101: Energy & Metabolism
Energy (E)
Forms of E
Energy exists in two states (Two types…
Laws of Energy Conversion (Thermodynam…
Ability to bring about change, do work
Mechanical, sound, electrical, radioactivity, light, heat, ch…
Kinetic energy: Energy of motion... Ex: moving flagellum, electr…
1st Law: total amount of energy in universe is constant, ener…
Energy (E)
Ability to bring about change, do work
Forms of E
Mechanical, sound, electrical, radioactivity, light, heat, ch…
Biology 101 - Chapter 5 metabolism
Fluid Mosaic Model
Selective permeability
Three protein molecules
Enzymes
Describes membrane's structure... - Contains phospholipid bilaye…
Allows some substances to cross than others
Enzymes, Signal transduction, and transport proteins
Help carry/catalyze chemical reactions... - Decreases activation…
Fluid Mosaic Model
Describes membrane's structure... - Contains phospholipid bilaye…
Selective permeability
Allows some substances to cross than others
Biology 101 power of metabolism
Chemical
Metabolism
Food
Energy
Our lives depend on thousands of chemical reactions
The sum of the chemical reactions in our bodies is called our…
When an organism is unable or unwilling to supply itself with…
The body is very smart and does not want to expand energy unn…
Chemical
Our lives depend on thousands of chemical reactions
Metabolism
The sum of the chemical reactions in our bodies is called our…
8 terms
biology 101 chapter 5: Metabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
respiration
the sum of all chemical reactions within the cell
the breakdown of complex molecules into simple molecules
the buildup of simple molecules into complex molecules
The conversion of oxygen by living things into the energy by…
metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions within the cell
catabolism
the breakdown of complex molecules into simple molecules
21 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 8 - energy, enzymes, and metabolism
metabolism
potential energy
kinetic energy
catabolic reactions
the total of all chemical reactions occurring in a biological…
the energy of state or position - stored energy
the energy of movement - type of energy that does work, that…
associated with the breakdown of complex molecules and releas…
metabolism
the total of all chemical reactions occurring in a biological…
potential energy
the energy of state or position - stored energy
29 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7 Cellular Metabolism
Cellular respiration is the ________ o…
Stage _ of cellular respiration is G__…
one molecule of ________ is broke down…
Glycolysis has __ major processes
harvesting, food, 3
1, glycolysis
glucose, 2, pyruvic
2
Cellular respiration is the ________ o…
harvesting, food, 3
Stage _ of cellular respiration is G__…
1, glycolysis
17 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 5: ground metabolism
Liver
Primary source of energy ?
Activation energy
How do cells store free energy
Held neutralize toxins present in the body , stores excess gl…
The sun 🌞🌞
The minimum amount of energy needed to get a reaction started
By running endergonic reactions that build organic compounds…
Liver
Held neutralize toxins present in the body , stores excess gl…
Primary source of energy ?
The sun 🌞🌞
52 terms
Biology 101- Chapter Five Membranes and Metabolism
diffusion
Passive transport
active transport
Osmosis
movement of molecules across the selectively permeable lipid…
does not require energy. Facilitated diffusion occurs
requires energy (ATP) and protein pumps. A solute is moved ag…
diffusion of water across a membrane. Water moves down its co…
diffusion
movement of molecules across the selectively permeable lipid…
Passive transport
does not require energy. Facilitated diffusion occurs
41 terms
Biology 101 chapter 6 Metabolism: Energy and Enzymes
active site
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
allosteric site
ATP synthases
Region of an enzyme where the substrate binds and where the c…
Nucleotide with two phosphate groups that can accept another…
Site on an allosteric enzyme that binds an effector molecule;…
Complex of proteins in the cristae of mitochondria and thylak…
active site
Region of an enzyme where the substrate binds and where the c…
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
Nucleotide with two phosphate groups that can accept another…
27 terms
Biology 101 UPENN Lecture 7: Metabolism and Chemical Reactions
Two types of cells
Making new bonds captures energy from…
Define Metabolism
chemical reactions that break down mol…
prokaryotes and eukaryotes
True
set of chemical reactions that convert molecules into other t…
Catabolic Reactions
Two types of cells
prokaryotes and eukaryotes
Making new bonds captures energy from…
True
59 terms
An Introduction to Metabolism - Chapter 8 - Biology 101
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic
anabolic
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions, manages the…
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
pathways that breakdown complex molecules into simpler molecu…
pathways that consume energy to build complicated molecules
Metabolism
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions, manages the…
Metabolic Pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
35 terms
Biology - metabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
energy
organism's chemical processes
breakdown of complex molecules to simples molecules
build complex molecules from simple molecules
capacity to do work
metabolism
organism's chemical processes
catabolism
breakdown of complex molecules to simples molecules
10 terms
Metabolism 101
Every pound of fat free mass burns 14…
This is FUEL for your Body? __________…
Your body goes into "storage mode" whe…
Unless we perform regular strength tra…
Day
Food
Calories
25
Every pound of fat free mass burns 14…
Day
This is FUEL for your Body? __________…
Food
biology- metabolism
metabolism
metabolic pathways
catabolism
anabolic
The totality of an organisms chemical reactions.
the chemistry of life is organized into these
breaking down of substances ex: digestion. releases energy
building up of substances ex: amino acids into protein. Uses…
metabolism
The totality of an organisms chemical reactions.
metabolic pathways
the chemistry of life is organized into these
61 terms
Biology - Metabolism
Metabolism
catabolic reactions
anabolic reactions
Ingestion
the sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body... -can…
break down large chemicals and release energy
build up large chemicals and require energy
the acquisition and consumption of food and other raw materials
Metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body... -can…
catabolic reactions
break down large chemicals and release energy
15 terms
Biology Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Condensation
The set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within th…
The set of metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into…
The set of metabolic pathways that construct molecules from s…
The change of water from its gaseous form (water vapor) into…
Metabolism
The set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within th…
Catabolism
The set of metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into…
61 terms
Biology - Metabolism
Metabolism
catabolic reactions
anabolic reactions
Ingestion
the sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body... -can…
break down large chemicals and release energy
build up large chemicals and require energy
the acquisition and consumption of food and other raw materials
Metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body... -can…
catabolic reactions
break down large chemicals and release energy
26 terms
Bio 101, Metabolism
Energy:
Kinetic energy:
Potential energy:
Heat:
the capacity to do work
energy of motion
stored energy
the measure of the random motion of molecules
Energy:
the capacity to do work
Kinetic energy:
energy of motion
50 terms
Biology: Metabolism
Saturated Fat
Saturated Fat
Unsaturated Fat
Unsaturated Fat
Fat in which the fatty acids all have single bonds.
Food Examples: Beef, whole milk, cream, butter, cheese, ice c…
a long-chain hydrocarbon that has one or more than one double…
Food Examples: Peanut Butter, Avocados, olive oil, nuts
Saturated Fat
Fat in which the fatty acids all have single bonds.
Saturated Fat
Food Examples: Beef, whole milk, cream, butter, cheese, ice c…
48 terms
AP Biology Metabolism
Metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions that result f…
a sequence of chemical reactions undergone by a compound in a…
breaking a complex molecule down into its simpler parts, rele…
using energy to build complex molecules from simpler molecule…
Metabolism
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions that result f…
metabolic pathway
a sequence of chemical reactions undergone by a compound in a…
34 terms
BIOL 101 Chp 8: An Introduction to Metabolism
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions which manage…
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
series of reactions that release energy by breaking down comp…
series of reactions that consume energy to synthesize a compl…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions which manage…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
Biology Metabolism
Energy definition
Energy functions
potential energy
kinetic energy
Ability to do work or cause a change
Carry out life functions... energy from photosynthesis is from t…
stored energy... food=bonds
energy in motion... you walking
Energy definition
Ability to do work or cause a change
Energy functions
Carry out life functions... energy from photosynthesis is from t…
37 terms
Metabolism ( Nutrition 101)
Where can metabolism occur in the body?
What is the MEOS system?
Glycolysis
What does glycolysis break down?
Outside of the cell ... -plasma membrane -holds the cell contents
Microsomal Ethanol Oxidizing System ... > used during chronic a…
Glycolysis breaks down glucose ... -location: cytoplasm ... -produc…
Breaks down glucose
Where can metabolism occur in the body?
Outside of the cell ... -plasma membrane -holds the cell contents
What is the MEOS system?
Microsomal Ethanol Oxidizing System ... > used during chronic a…
14 terms
BIOL 101 Chapter 8: Metabolism
Energy
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Thermodynamics
The capacity to cause change, especially to do work (to move…
The energy associated with the relative motion of objects.
The energy that matter possesses as a result of its location…
The study of energy transformations that occur in a collectio…
Energy
The capacity to cause change, especially to do work (to move…
Kinetic energy
The energy associated with the relative motion of objects.
10 terms
Bio 101 Metabolism
Lactic acid fermentation
Alcohol fermentation
Obligate anaerobes
Facultative anaerobes
Can Build up in human muscle cells and is also used in the pr…
The backing and winemaking industries have used this for thou…
Require anaerobic condition, poisoned by oxygen, live in stag…
Can make ATP by fermentation or oxidative phosphorylation, in…
Lactic acid fermentation
Can Build up in human muscle cells and is also used in the pr…
Alcohol fermentation
The backing and winemaking industries have used this for thou…
Biology: Metabolism
Metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
Forms of energy
the sum of all chemical reactions carried out be a cell or la…
building molecules, EX amino acids to proteins
breaking down molecules, EX protein to amino acids
potential energy, kinetic energy, chemical energy
Metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions carried out be a cell or la…
anabolism
building molecules, EX amino acids to proteins
Bio 101: Intro to Metabolism
Energy
Forms of Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
capacity to do work
-potential ... -kinetic... -chemical
capacity to make things happen
motion (includes heat)
Energy
capacity to do work
Forms of Energy
-potential ... -kinetic... -chemical
16 terms
Biology - Metabolism
glycolysis
where does glycolysis occur?
substrate level phosphorylation
fermentation
breakdown of glucose to pyruvate
cytoplasm
transfer of phosphate molecule from a molecule to ADP
metabolism in the absence of oxygen
glycolysis
breakdown of glucose to pyruvate
where does glycolysis occur?
cytoplasm
146 terms
Biology 101
Intermolecular attractions
Polar molecule
Properties of water
Nonpolar molecules
Attraction between molecules
Asymmetric molecule hydrophilic
Very polar... Adhesion... Cohesion... High specific heat... High heat of…
Symmetrical or balanced molecule... Hydrophobic
Intermolecular attractions
Attraction between molecules
Polar molecule
Asymmetric molecule hydrophilic
chapter 6, bio 101- metabolism
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
two laws of thermodynamics
capacity to do work
energy in motion
stored energy
1) energy can not be created or destroyed but can be changed…
energy
capacity to do work
kinetic energy
energy in motion
BIO101: Metabolism
metabolism
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
energy
all of an organism's chemical reactions
break down complex molecules; release energy
use energy; build new complex molecules from simpler ones
capacity of a system to do work
metabolism
all of an organism's chemical reactions
catabolic pathways
break down complex molecules; release energy
Metabolism (biology)
metabolism
biomolecules
carbohydrates
lipids
all the set of chemical reactions that take place in your bod…
molecules that are involved in the maintenance and metabolic…
(cellulose, starches, sugars, glucose...)
(milk, oils, pork, fats, waxes...)
metabolism
all the set of chemical reactions that take place in your bod…
biomolecules
molecules that are involved in the maintenance and metabolic…
45 terms
Biology Metabolism
Cellular Metabolism
Autotrophic
Heterotrophic
Net reaction of photosynthesis
- the sum total of all chemical reactions that take place in…
- green plants... - convert sunlight into bond energy stored in…
- obtain energy catabolically... - break down organic nutrients…
6CO₂ + 2H₂O + energy --> C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂
Cellular Metabolism
- the sum total of all chemical reactions that take place in…
Autotrophic
- green plants... - convert sunlight into bond energy stored in…
AP Biology Metabolism
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
59 terms
Biology 101
Inheritance
Genetics
Allele
Phenotype
Passage of traits
Studies Inheritance
Alternate form of a single trait
traits that are observable ex: flower color
Inheritance
Passage of traits
Genetics
Studies Inheritance
52 terms
AP Biology Metabolism
Metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions that result f…
a sequence of chemical reactions undergone by a compound in a…
breaking a complex molecule down into its simpler parts, rele…
using energy to build complex molecules from simpler molecule…
Metabolism
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions that result f…
metabolic pathway
a sequence of chemical reactions undergone by a compound in a…
29 terms
Biology 101
H
Hydrogen
He
Helium
Hydrogen
Helium
H
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Biology Metabolism
this is defined as the sum of all cata…
we need to break down energy-rich comp…
this is defined as the ability to do w…
this is defined as the energy possesse…
metabolism
convert the energy into a form that the cell can use
energy
kinetic energy
this is defined as the sum of all cata…
metabolism
we need to break down energy-rich comp…
convert the energy into a form that the cell can use
41 terms
Biology - metabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
energy
organism's chemical processes
breakdown of complex molecules to simples molecules
build complex molecules from simple molecules
capacity to do work
metabolism
organism's chemical processes
catabolism
breakdown of complex molecules to simples molecules
Biology Metabolism
Metabolic Reactions and energy transfo…
Metabolism
Catabolic Reactions
Anabolic Reactions
1. Metabolism... -Catabolic Reactions... -Anabolic Reaction... 2. ATP-…
The sum of all chemical/biochemical rxns in the cell... A+B(reac…
Breakdown... Degration Reactions ... Catabolism... Generally energy re…
Synthesis rxn, anabolism... Generally requires energy... Endergonic…
Metabolic Reactions and energy transfo…
1. Metabolism... -Catabolic Reactions... -Anabolic Reaction... 2. ATP-…
Metabolism
The sum of all chemical/biochemical rxns in the cell... A+B(reac…
153 terms
Biology 101 Review
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
X) cell wall
Cell
What type of cell is this?
What type of cell is this?
Which of the following is NOT a structure found in human cell…
What is the basic unit of life?
Plant Cell
What type of cell is this?
Animal Cell
What type of cell is this?
71 terms
Biology 101
digestive system
mouth
pharynx
esophagus
organ system that receives food and digests it into nutrient…
oral cavity; location where mechanical and chemical digestion…
portion of the digestive system tract between the mouth and t…
muscular tube for moving swallowed food from the pharynx to t…
digestive system
organ system that receives food and digests it into nutrient…
mouth
oral cavity; location where mechanical and chemical digestion…
38 terms
AP Biology Metabolism
Metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions that result f…
a sequence of chemical reactions undergone by a compound in a…
breaking a complex molecule down into its simpler parts, rele…
using energy to build complex molecules from simpler molecule…
Metabolism
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions that result f…
metabolic pathway
a sequence of chemical reactions undergone by a compound in a…
48 terms
Biology 101
Define Prokaryotic (cells, feature, ex…
Define Eukaryotic (Cell, features)
Define Nucleus
Define Cell
always unicellular, no nucleus : bacteria
can be unicellular or multicellular
where the DNA is stored. Brain of the cell
basic/smallest unit of living organism
Define Prokaryotic (cells, feature, ex…
always unicellular, no nucleus : bacteria
Define Eukaryotic (Cell, features)
can be unicellular or multicellular
42 terms
metabolism biology
3 components of ATP
lock
key
metabolism
adenine, ribose, 3 phosphate groups
enzyme
substrate
all of chemical reactions in our body
3 components of ATP
adenine, ribose, 3 phosphate groups
lock
enzyme
Biology [metabolism]
Potential Energy
Metabolism makes up what?
Exergonic Energy and Chemical Reactions
Endergonic Energy and Chemical Reactions
(This is stored energy that can be used later.) ex: objects p…
The sum of all chemical reactions taking place in the living…
These reactions release energy when they occur. ... Related to e…
These reactions require an input of energy. Related to endoth…
Potential Energy
(This is stored energy that can be used later.) ex: objects p…
Metabolism makes up what?
The sum of all chemical reactions taking place in the living…
41 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 3
Eukaryotic cells
Prokaryotic cells
Archaean cells
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Have a nucleus (membrane enclosed DNA organelle)... are structur…
Have a nucleoid (no membrane around DNA)... structurally simple;…
have qualities of both prokaryotes and eukaryotes and exist i…
recognized for inventing one of the earliest microscopes and…
Eukaryotic cells
Have a nucleus (membrane enclosed DNA organelle)... are structur…
Prokaryotic cells
Have a nucleoid (no membrane around DNA)... structurally simple;…
101 terms
Biology 101 chapter 2
Matter
Elements
Elements That Make up 95% of Organisms
Atom
Anything that takes up space and has mass
All matter, living or nonliving, is made up of this, substanc…
C Carbon... H Hydrogen... N Nitrogen... O Oxygen... P Phosphorus... S Sulfur
The smallest part of an element that displays the properties…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Elements
All matter, living or nonliving, is made up of this, substanc…
Biology metabolism
Anabolic
Catablic
Exergonic reactions
Endergonic reactions
Building - requires input of energy tp synthesize complex mol…
Break down - degradation of complex molecules into simpler on…
Negative delta G - release free energy. Also called spontaneo…
Positive delta G - more free energy than reactants. Energy st…
Anabolic
Building - requires input of energy tp synthesize complex mol…
Catablic
Break down - degradation of complex molecules into simpler on…
Biology-Metabolism
List the laws of thermodynamics
What is ATP?
What is ADP?
Chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b do what?
1. Can't be created nor destroyed... 2. Cannot be transferred w/…
Adenosine triphosphate, basic source of energy for life. Nitr…
Adenosine Di-phosphate, same as ATP but only 2 phosphates. Ne…
A- mainly red orange light... b- mainly in the blue light
List the laws of thermodynamics
1. Can't be created nor destroyed... 2. Cannot be transferred w/…
What is ATP?
Adenosine triphosphate, basic source of energy for life. Nitr…
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