Study sets matching "biology 105"

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Study sets matching "biology 105"

Biology 105
Somatic or Diploid cells
Homologous
Alleles
How many chromosomes are in the nucleu…
(2n) 99.9% of body... The two chromosomes making up a pair are s…
Contain essentially the same (not identical) sequences of DNA
Different version of a gene
23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total)... 22 pairs of ordinary chrom…
Somatic or Diploid cells
(2n) 99.9% of body... The two chromosomes making up a pair are s…
Homologous
Contain essentially the same (not identical) sequences of DNA
103 terms
Biology 105
Biology
Why study biology?
Homeostasis
Evolution
Science of knowledge
science is an endeavor that uses observable and objective mea…
the organ systems of humans maintains homeostasis, an interna…
change over time
Biology
Science of knowledge
Why study biology?
science is an endeavor that uses observable and objective mea…
164 terms
Biology 105
Biology
Five Major Groups of Organisms
Bacteria
Paramecium
the scientific study of life.
-Bacteria... -Paramecium... -Morel... -Sunflower... -Octopus
smallest organism with a very simple structure.
a microscopic protist, or a more complex version of bacteria.
Biology
the scientific study of life.
Five Major Groups of Organisms
-Bacteria... -Paramecium... -Morel... -Sunflower... -Octopus
82 terms
Biology 105 chapter 3
metabolism
energy is harvested by breaking apart…
metabolic activities
enzyme
all enzyme mediated chemical reactions by which cells acquire…
how is energy used in metabolism?
mediated by enzymes; help cells stay alive, grow, and reproduce
an organic molecule that speeds up a reaction without being c…
metabolism
all enzyme mediated chemical reactions by which cells acquire…
energy is harvested by breaking apart…
how is energy used in metabolism?
33 terms
Biology 105
Science
Natural Events
Phenomena
List the Five Characteristics of Science
The study of natural events or phenomena
Happen without human intervention
Observable events
Must be observable... Must be measurable... Must be testable ... Must…
Science
The study of natural events or phenomena
Natural Events
Happen without human intervention
Biology 105
Anabolic
Catabolic
Where does energy come from?
Energy available in a molecule(s) is c…
Small molecules are built into large ones. Energy is required.
Large molecules are broken down into smaller ones. Energy is…
Sun-plants-animals-decomposers-heat
Free energy
Anabolic
Small molecules are built into large ones. Energy is required.
Catabolic
Large molecules are broken down into smaller ones. Energy is…
146 terms
Biology 105
Atoms
Molecules
Element
Molecule
Lifes first level of organization
Atoms interact with other atoms to form this
Pure substance that consists of atoms with the same number of…
Group of 2 or more atoms joined by chemical bonds
Atoms
Lifes first level of organization
Molecules
Atoms interact with other atoms to form this
biology 105
scientific method
hypothesis
molecule
atom
part of form of reasoning that involve.
a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
a group of atoms bonded together, representing the smallest f…
the basic unit of a chemical element.
scientific method
part of form of reasoning that involve.
hypothesis
a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
Biology 105
Mitochondria
ATP
Mitochondria Structure
Cytoskeleton
power plant of cell
energy source for chemical reaction.
double membrane (outer,inner) two components
3 main types: intermediate, microtubules, micro filaments.
Mitochondria
power plant of cell
ATP
energy source for chemical reaction.
Biology 105
Activation Energy
Activated complex
Catalyst
Enzyme
minimum energy required to start a chemical reaction
transitional molecule formed in a reaction
lowers activation energy
a protein molecule acting like a catalyst to speed reaction r…
Activation Energy
minimum energy required to start a chemical reaction
Activated complex
transitional molecule formed in a reaction
Biology 105
G1 stage (interphase)
S stage (interphase)
G2 stage (interphase )
M (mitotic stage)
Grows in size, increases organelles (mitochondtia and ribosom…
DNA synthesis or replication occurs
Cell synthesizes proteins needed for cell division
cell division stage
G1 stage (interphase)
Grows in size, increases organelles (mitochondtia and ribosom…
S stage (interphase)
DNA synthesis or replication occurs
228 terms
Biology 105
the basic unit of all living things is…
_____ controls cell structure and func…
a group of cells and intercellular sub…
which is not a kingdom within the euka…
cell
...
...
Archaea
the basic unit of all living things is…
cell
_____ controls cell structure and func…
...
82 terms
Chapter 4 - Biology 105
The _____ is one of the fundamental co…
Four generalization constitute the cel…
All cells have at least three componen…
A cell's outermost membrane; a lipid b…
Cell Theory
1. All organisms consist of one or more cells... 2. A cell is th…
Plasma membrane, Cytoplasm, DNA
Plasma Membrane
The _____ is one of the fundamental co…
Cell Theory
Four generalization constitute the cel…
1. All organisms consist of one or more cells... 2. A cell is th…
Biology 105 (Exam 4)
oncogenes
proto-oncogenese
tumor suppressor genes
apoptosis
cancer causing genes
promote cell cycle in various ways (accelerator)
inhibit cell cycle (inhibitor) & promote apoptosis
"programmed cell death"... -signals protein p53= tumor suppresso…
oncogenes
cancer causing genes
proto-oncogenese
promote cell cycle in various ways (accelerator)
80 terms
Biology 105 Exam 3
nucleotide --> codon --> gene --> chro…
another allele for the same trait, eit…
5-carbon sugar, phosphate group, and a…
codon
What is the order of the structures from smallest to largest?
in a body (somatic) cell, if one copy of a chromosome has the…
the nucleotides that make up nucleic acids are composed of __…
3 DNA/RNA nucleotides that correspond with specific amino aci…
nucleotide --> codon --> gene --> chro…
What is the order of the structures from smallest to largest?
another allele for the same trait, eit…
in a body (somatic) cell, if one copy of a chromosome has the…
Biology 105
Life history
Senescence
Rate-of-Living Hypothesis
Metabolic Rates
is an organisms development, behaviors, and... reproductive stra…
is a decline in an individual's fertility and... probability of…
"Live fast and die young"... • Organisms with a higher metabolic…
• Insects have very low metabolic rates, and they don't live…
Life history
is an organisms development, behaviors, and... reproductive stra…
Senescence
is a decline in an individual's fertility and... probability of…
Biology 105 Test 1
Atom
Protons
Electrons
Ionic Bonding
The smallest unit of an element that still retains the chemic…
Positively charged subatomic particle. In the nucleus.
Negatively charged subatomic particle. Orbits the nucleus.
When atoms give up or take an electron to/from another elemen…
Atom
The smallest unit of an element that still retains the chemic…
Protons
Positively charged subatomic particle. In the nucleus.
Biology 105
Stroma
Thylakoids
Grana
Calvin cycle
Semifluid interior of cell
Flattened sacs in stroma
Stacked thylakoids
1. Co2 is absorbed 2. Reduced to a carbohydrate that can be c…
Stroma
Semifluid interior of cell
Thylakoids
Flattened sacs in stroma
115 terms
Biology 105 chapter 5
Energy
kinetic energy
motion, thermal, sound, electromagneti…
potential energy
capacity to do work
energy of movements
name the types of kinetic energy
stored energy
Energy
capacity to do work
kinetic energy
energy of movements
Biology 105 Test 3
Phenotype
Genotype
Somatic Cells
Diploid Cells
physical traits, what you can see looking on the outside
the allelic makeup of an individual
nonsex cells in the body of plants and animals
contain 2 copies of each type of chromosome
Phenotype
physical traits, what you can see looking on the outside
Genotype
the allelic makeup of an individual
250 terms
Biology 105
Life
Energy
Metabolism
Scientist's Order Ranking
Homeostasis: maintaining stable environment in cell and diffe…
Maintain homeostasis (spend energy)... Earn energy by photosynth…
(spending of energy) chemical reactions break apart and build…
1) Theory... 2) Law... 3) Hypothesis... 4) Fact
Life
Homeostasis: maintaining stable environment in cell and diffe…
Energy
Maintain homeostasis (spend energy)... Earn energy by photosynth…
Biology 105 Chapter 7
ATP
Aerobic pathway... Anaerobic pathway
Cytoplasm with glycolysis
Glycolysis
Most organisms convert chemical energy of carbohydrates to ____
Name the two pathways of carbohydrate breakdown
Carbohydrate breakdown starts in the ____ with ______
Process that converts glucose and other sugars to pyruvate
ATP
Most organisms convert chemical energy of carbohydrates to ____
Aerobic pathway... Anaerobic pathway
Name the two pathways of carbohydrate breakdown
Biology 105
Biology
Five Major Groups of Organisms
Bacteria
Paramecium
the scientific study of life.
-Bacteria... -Paramecium... -Morel... -Sunflower... -Octopus
smallest organism with a very simple structure.
a microscopic protist, or a more complex version of bacteria.
Biology
the scientific study of life.
Five Major Groups of Organisms
-Bacteria... -Paramecium... -Morel... -Sunflower... -Octopus
Biology 105 Chapter 8
James Watson and Francis Crick
DNA
Three phosphate groups, a deoxyribose…
Phoebus Levene
Who's discovery of DNA was based on many years of research by…
A polymer of nucleotides, each with a five carbon sugar, thre…
Each nucleotide has...
Identified the structure of the basis of nucleotides and how…
James Watson and Francis Crick
Who's discovery of DNA was based on many years of research by…
DNA
A polymer of nucleotides, each with a five carbon sugar, thre…
42 terms
Biology 105
Controlled Experiment
Control Group
Double Blind Study
Science Characteristic 1
Comparison of controlled sample and experimental sample
Given placebo
Neither Researchers nor the volunteers know which group is th…
based on empirical data
Controlled Experiment
Comparison of controlled sample and experimental sample
Control Group
Given placebo
biology 105
The receptor reacts to a stimulus
the sensory neuron conducts the affere…
The integration center consists of one…
The motor neuron conducts the efferent…
first step
second step
third step
fourth step
The receptor reacts to a stimulus
first step
the sensory neuron conducts the affere…
second step
6 terms
Biology 105
Evolution
Charles Darwin
Natural Selection
Tenets of Natural Selection
the modification of a species over generations
Proposed that evolution occurs by natural selection
a process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
1. Individuals in a population show variation in their traits…
Evolution
the modification of a species over generations
Charles Darwin
Proposed that evolution occurs by natural selection
33 terms
Biology 105
Evolutionary adaptation
Biology
3 levels of organization
Deductive reasoning
When an organism changes over time
The science of life
Cellular, organismal, population
General to specific
Evolutionary adaptation
When an organism changes over time
Biology
The science of life
67 terms
biology 105
Scientific method
Steps to scientific method
Definition of life
Metabolism
problem solving
question, hypothesis, experiment, data, redo trial , conclusion
Organization starts with atoms then make molecules then big m…
life and death, is all biochemical reactions occurring in the…
Scientific method
problem solving
Steps to scientific method
question, hypothesis, experiment, data, redo trial , conclusion
50 terms
Biology 105
Biology
Living Things
Evolution
Classification
defined as the study of living things... Ecology (relationships)…
ability to acquire energy... ability to reproduce... ability to adapt
Theory that applis to everyone... Charles Darwin... Organisms chang…
Domain,Kingdom,phylum,class,order,family,genus,species
Biology
defined as the study of living things... Ecology (relationships)…
Living Things
ability to acquire energy... ability to reproduce... ability to adapt
267 terms
Biology 105
Hypothesis
Double-Blind Study
Sampling Error
Scientific Method
An educated guess
When both the tester and subject are blinded
When sample data is used rather than testing the population e…
Systematic approach to understanding the complexities of nature
Hypothesis
An educated guess
Double-Blind Study
When both the tester and subject are blinded
Biology 105
Bacillariophyta
Dinophyta
Euglenophyta
Chrysophyta
diatoms
Dinoflagellates
Euglenoids
Golden brown algae
Bacillariophyta
diatoms
Dinophyta
Dinoflagellates
Biology 105
G1 stage (interphase)
S stage (interphase)
G2 stage (interphase )
M (mitotic stage)
Grows in size, increases organelles (mitochondtia and ribosom…
DNA synthesis or replication occurs
Cell synthesizes proteins needed for cell division
cell division stage
G1 stage (interphase)
Grows in size, increases organelles (mitochondtia and ribosom…
S stage (interphase)
DNA synthesis or replication occurs
Biology 105
Fossils
Hutton
Evolution 1.
Evolution 2.
Thought to be bones of Titans
Geologist; late 1700's early 1800's
Change is normal
Earth is older than accepted
Fossils
Thought to be bones of Titans
Hutton
Geologist; late 1700's early 1800's
Biology 105 Chapter 2
Atoms
Molecules
Element
Molecule
Lifes first level of organization
Atoms interact with other atoms to form this
Pure substance that consists of atoms with the same number of…
Group of 2 or more atoms joined by chemical bonds
Atoms
Lifes first level of organization
Molecules
Atoms interact with other atoms to form this
15 terms
Biology 105
Mortality
Natality
Ecological footprint
Community
the state of being subject to death.
the ratio of the number of births to the size of the population
Area of earth's surface required to sustainably support a par…
All species that live in a particular region
Mortality
the state of being subject to death.
Natality
the ratio of the number of births to the size of the population
Biology 105
-centesis
capit/o-
-cide
cephal-
Surgical puncture to remove fluid... amniocentesis (withdrawal…
Head... capitis (head of bone)
Kill... Spermicide (agent that kills sperm)
Head... cephalic (by the head)
-centesis
Surgical puncture to remove fluid... amniocentesis (withdrawal…
capit/o-
Head... capitis (head of bone)
Biology 105
What is science?
Empirical
Open
Repeatable
A method, procedure, asking questions
Information comes from observation and experiment, not revela…
Explanation may change as knowledge grows; not fixed or finite.
Different people will get the same information if they look i…
What is science?
A method, procedure, asking questions
Empirical
Information comes from observation and experiment, not revela…
597 terms
Biology 105
biology
life
order
regulation
the scientific study of life
seven properties and processes associated with this
all living things exhibit complex but ordered organization
the environment outside an organism can change drastically, b…
biology
the scientific study of life
life
seven properties and processes associated with this
16 terms
Biology 105
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic AND Eukaryotic Cells
-all living things are made up of cells... -cell is the most bas…
-small... -bacteria... -less complex... -single cell... -one circle of DNA
-larger... -have a nucleus... -multi-cell... -more structures... -compart…
-cell membrane... -ribosomes
Cell Theory
-all living things are made up of cells... -cell is the most bas…
Prokaryotic Cells
-small... -bacteria... -less complex... -single cell... -one circle of DNA
15 terms
BIOLOGY 105
Biology Levels
Science?
Eukaryotrs
Prokaryotes
Biosphere-Ecosystems-Communities-Populations-Organism-Organs…
Way of knowing about the natural world should be objective, c…
Membrane bound organelles, nucleus
No membrane organelles, no nucleus
Biology Levels
Biosphere-Ecosystems-Communities-Populations-Organism-Organs…
Science?
Way of knowing about the natural world should be objective, c…
Chapter 2 Biology 105
Isotopes
Ions
Orbitals
Molecules
atoms of the same element that have different number of neutr…
Electrically charged atoms
A region of space, relative to the nucleus, where an electron…
groups of two or more atoms attached together
Isotopes
atoms of the same element that have different number of neutr…
Ions
Electrically charged atoms
43 terms
Biology 105 Exam 1
A Hypothesis MUST BE...
What is a Hypothesis
What is the role of a control group in…
What is a control group?
....Testable
systematic way of solving problems or a possible explanation;…
a test system where all variables are identical to the experi…
base study off of untested group
A Hypothesis MUST BE...
....Testable
What is a Hypothesis
systematic way of solving problems or a possible explanation;…
28 terms
Biology 105
characteristics of sacropterygii (3)
Goups of sacropterygii (3)
Lung fish
Crossopteygian
Fleshy-fish: ... 1. paired fins: pectoral and pelvic... 2. primitiv…
1. Rhiphidistian: extinct (Amphibian Ancestors)... 2. Lung fish…
made cocoon of saliva and dirt to burrow under ground
notochord and rostal gland for electrical signals
characteristics of sacropterygii (3)
Fleshy-fish: ... 1. paired fins: pectoral and pelvic... 2. primitiv…
Goups of sacropterygii (3)
1. Rhiphidistian: extinct (Amphibian Ancestors)... 2. Lung fish…
Biology 105
Animals evolved from a _______ ancestor
Groups of similar cells organized into…
Outer ectoderm, Inner endoderm, middle…
What kind of nervous system does radia…
Colonial Choanoflagellate
Tissues
Germ layers
Nerve Net
Animals evolved from a _______ ancestor
Colonial Choanoflagellate
Groups of similar cells organized into…
Tissues
103 terms
Biology 105- Exam 1
What is science?
4 characteristics of science
empirical(characteristics of science)
open(characteristics of science)
a way of knowing and understanding the world we see around us
empirical, open, repeatable, natural
information comes from observation and experiment
explanations may change as knowledge grows
What is science?
a way of knowing and understanding the world we see around us
4 characteristics of science
empirical, open, repeatable, natural
130 terms
Biology 105- Exam 4
cell theory
cell division functions in two aspects…
growth and development
two types of reproduction
all cells come from preexisting cells
1. growth and development... 2. reproduction
an individual increases in size and complexity by adding new…
1. sexual... 2. asexual
cell theory
all cells come from preexisting cells
cell division functions in two aspects…
1. growth and development... 2. reproduction
16 terms
Biology 105
Centrioles
Spindle fibers
Nuclear envelope
PROPHASE
Move apart ... Not found in plants
Form and attach from centrioles to centromeres
Fragments and dissapears
PAIRED up chromosomes
Centrioles
Move apart ... Not found in plants
Spindle fibers
Form and attach from centrioles to centromeres
Biology 105
Observation, Question, Hypothesis, Pre…
If a tree falls in a forest does it ma…
Biosphere, Ecosystem, Community, Popul…
Ecology, Anatomy, Cytology, Genetics,…
What is the process of the scientific method?
Independent Variable
what are the 10 levels of hierarchy of observation
Areas of biology
Observation, Question, Hypothesis, Pre…
What is the process of the scientific method?
If a tree falls in a forest does it ma…
Independent Variable
Biology 105
Knee joint
Knee joint
Ligaments stabilizing knee joint
Intracapsular ligaments
Largest and most complex joint of the body... Allows flexion, ex…
At least 12 associated bursae... Capsule is reinforced by muscle…
Capsule and extracapsular ligaments... Help prevent hyperextens…
Prevent anterior-posterior displacement... Reside outside synov…
Knee joint
Largest and most complex joint of the body... Allows flexion, ex…
Knee joint
At least 12 associated bursae... Capsule is reinforced by muscle…
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