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Study sets matching "biology 105"

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Study sets matching "biology 105"

103 terms
Biology 105
Biology
Why study biology?
Homeostasis
Evolution
Science of knowledge
science is an endeavor that uses observable and objective mea…
the organ systems of humans maintains homeostasis, an interna…
change over time
Biology
Science of knowledge
Why study biology?
science is an endeavor that uses observable and objective mea…
164 terms
Biology 105
Biology
Five Major Groups of Organisms
Bacteria
Paramecium
the scientific study of life.
-Bacteria... -Paramecium... -Morel... -Sunflower... -Octopus
smallest organism with a very simple structure.
a microscopic protist, or a more complex version of bacteria.
Biology
the scientific study of life.
Five Major Groups of Organisms
-Bacteria... -Paramecium... -Morel... -Sunflower... -Octopus
82 terms
Biology 105 chapter 3
metabolism
energy is harvested by breaking apart…
metabolic activities
enzyme
all enzyme mediated chemical reactions by which cells acquire…
how is energy used in metabolism?
mediated by enzymes; help cells stay alive, grow, and reproduce
an organic molecule that speeds up a reaction without being c…
metabolism
all enzyme mediated chemical reactions by which cells acquire…
energy is harvested by breaking apart…
how is energy used in metabolism?
134 terms
Biology 105
Somatic or Diploid cells
Homologous
Alleles
How many chromosomes are in the nucleu…
(2n) 99.9% of body... The two chromosomes making up a pair are s…
Contain essentially the same (not identical) sequences of DNA
Different version of a gene
23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total)... 22 pairs of ordinary chrom…
Somatic or Diploid cells
(2n) 99.9% of body... The two chromosomes making up a pair are s…
Homologous
Contain essentially the same (not identical) sequences of DNA
146 terms
Biology 105
Atoms
Molecules
Element
Molecule
Lifes first level of organization
Atoms interact with other atoms to form this
Pure substance that consists of atoms with the same number of…
Group of 2 or more atoms joined by chemical bonds
Atoms
Lifes first level of organization
Molecules
Atoms interact with other atoms to form this
117 terms
Biology 105
Life history
Senescence
Rate-of-Living Hypothesis
Metabolic Rates
is an organisms development, behaviors, and... reproductive stra…
is a decline in an individual's fertility and... probability of…
"Live fast and die young"... • Organisms with a higher metabolic…
• Insects have very low metabolic rates, and they don't live…
Life history
is an organisms development, behaviors, and... reproductive stra…
Senescence
is a decline in an individual's fertility and... probability of…
33 terms
Biology 105
Science
Natural Events
Phenomena
List the Five Characteristics of Science
The study of natural events or phenomena
Happen without human intervention
Observable events
Must be observable... Must be measurable... Must be testable ... Must…
Science
The study of natural events or phenomena
Natural Events
Happen without human intervention
61 terms
Biology 105
Anabolic
Catabolic
Where does energy come from?
Energy available in a molecule(s) is c…
Small molecules are built into large ones. Energy is required.
Large molecules are broken down into smaller ones. Energy is…
Sun-plants-animals-decomposers-heat
Free energy
Anabolic
Small molecules are built into large ones. Energy is required.
Catabolic
Large molecules are broken down into smaller ones. Energy is…
205 terms
Biology 105
Activation Energy
Activated complex
Catalyst
Enzyme
minimum energy required to start a chemical reaction
transitional molecule formed in a reaction
lowers activation energy
a protein molecule acting like a catalyst to speed reaction r…
Activation Energy
minimum energy required to start a chemical reaction
Activated complex
transitional molecule formed in a reaction
38 terms
Biology 105
Mitochondria
ATP
Mitochondria Structure
Cytoskeleton
power plant of cell
energy source for chemical reaction.
double membrane (outer,inner) two components
3 main types: intermediate, microtubules, micro filaments.
Mitochondria
power plant of cell
ATP
energy source for chemical reaction.
63 terms
Biology 105 Test 3
Phenotype
Genotype
Somatic Cells
Diploid Cells
physical traits, what you can see looking on the outside
the allelic makeup of an individual
nonsex cells in the body of plants and animals
contain 2 copies of each type of chromosome
Phenotype
physical traits, what you can see looking on the outside
Genotype
the allelic makeup of an individual
59 terms
Biology 105 (Exam 4)
oncogenes
proto-oncogenese
tumor suppressor genes
apoptosis
cancer causing genes
promote cell cycle in various ways (accelerator)
inhibit cell cycle (inhibitor) & promote apoptosis
"programmed cell death"... -signals protein p53= tumor suppresso…
oncogenes
cancer causing genes
proto-oncogenese
promote cell cycle in various ways (accelerator)
19 terms
Biology 105
Knee joint
Knee joint
Ligaments stabilizing knee joint
Intracapsular ligaments
Largest and most complex joint of the body... Allows flexion, ex…
At least 12 associated bursae... Capsule is reinforced by muscle…
Capsule and extracapsular ligaments... Help prevent hyperextens…
Prevent anterior-posterior displacement... Reside outside synov…
Knee joint
Largest and most complex joint of the body... Allows flexion, ex…
Knee joint
At least 12 associated bursae... Capsule is reinforced by muscle…
30 terms
Biology 105
Structural classification of joint... Fib…
Sutures
Synostoses
Syndesmoses
Bones joined by dense fibrous connective tissues. no joint ca…
Shortest joint, located between the cranial bone. Tibia and f…
closed sutures... _____ are the least moveable joints... - non-move…
Highly cartilage in the joint. ... bones are farther apart than…
Structural classification of joint... Fib…
Bones joined by dense fibrous connective tissues. no joint ca…
Sutures
Shortest joint, located between the cranial bone. Tibia and f…
173 terms
Biology 105
cell theory
chemical evolution
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
cytokine
the theory that all organisms are made of cells and that all…
the theory that simple chemical compounds in the early atmosp…
the principle that genes are located on chromosomes and that…
any of a diverse group of signaling proteins, secreted largel…
cell theory
the theory that all organisms are made of cells and that all…
chemical evolution
the theory that simple chemical compounds in the early atmosp…
250 terms
Biology 105
Life
Energy
Metabolism
Scientist's Order Ranking
Homeostasis: maintaining stable environment in cell and diffe…
Maintain homeostasis (spend energy)... Earn energy by photosynth…
(spending of energy) chemical reactions break apart and build…
1) Theory... 2) Law... 3) Hypothesis... 4) Fact
Life
Homeostasis: maintaining stable environment in cell and diffe…
Energy
Maintain homeostasis (spend energy)... Earn energy by photosynth…
10 terms
Biology 105
G1 stage (interphase)
S stage (interphase)
G2 stage (interphase )
M (mitotic stage)
Grows in size, increases organelles (mitochondtia and ribosom…
DNA synthesis or replication occurs
Cell synthesizes proteins needed for cell division
cell division stage
G1 stage (interphase)
Grows in size, increases organelles (mitochondtia and ribosom…
S stage (interphase)
DNA synthesis or replication occurs
29 terms
Biology 105
Pontential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Open energy system
1st law of thermodynamics
Energy of position
Energy of motion
Energy exchange
energy can not be created or destroyed, it can only be conver…
Pontential Energy
Energy of position
Kinetic Energy
Energy of motion
42 terms
Biology 105
Controlled Experiment
Control Group
Double Blind Study
Science Characteristic 1
Comparison of controlled sample and experimental sample
Given placebo
Neither Researchers nor the volunteers know which group is th…
based on empirical data
Controlled Experiment
Comparison of controlled sample and experimental sample
Control Group
Given placebo
33 terms
Biology 105
Evolutionary adaptation
Biology
3 levels of organization
Deductive reasoning
When an organism changes over time
The science of life
Cellular, organismal, population
General to specific
Evolutionary adaptation
When an organism changes over time
Biology
The science of life
67 terms
biology 105
Scientific method
Steps to scientific method
Definition of life
Metabolism
problem solving
question, hypothesis, experiment, data, redo trial , conclusion
Organization starts with atoms then make molecules then big m…
life and death, is all biochemical reactions occurring in the…
Scientific method
problem solving
Steps to scientific method
question, hypothesis, experiment, data, redo trial , conclusion
34 terms
Biology 105
Morphology species
Ecological species
Phylogenetic species
Natural selection
classification based on phenotype--the observable trait
related because they live in the same habitats
related based on how we classify organisms
hypothesis that organisms adapt to their environment to survi…
Morphology species
classification based on phenotype--the observable trait
Ecological species
related because they live in the same habitats
32 terms
Biology 105
Bacillariophyta
Dinophyta
Euglenophyta
Chrysophyta
diatoms
Dinoflagellates
Euglenoids
Golden brown algae
Bacillariophyta
diatoms
Dinophyta
Dinoflagellates
Biology 105
G1 stage (interphase)
S stage (interphase)
G2 stage (interphase )
M (mitotic stage)
Grows in size, increases organelles (mitochondtia and ribosom…
DNA synthesis or replication occurs
Cell synthesizes proteins needed for cell division
cell division stage
G1 stage (interphase)
Grows in size, increases organelles (mitochondtia and ribosom…
S stage (interphase)
DNA synthesis or replication occurs
20 terms
Biology 105
Fossils
Hutton
Evolution 1.
Evolution 2.
Thought to be bones of Titans
Geologist; late 1700's early 1800's
Change is normal
Earth is older than accepted
Fossils
Thought to be bones of Titans
Hutton
Geologist; late 1700's early 1800's
50 terms
Biology 105
Biology
Living Things
Evolution
Classification
defined as the study of living things... Ecology (relationships)…
ability to acquire energy... ability to reproduce... ability to adapt
Theory that applis to everyone... Charles Darwin... Organisms chang…
Domain,Kingdom,phylum,class,order,family,genus,species
Biology
defined as the study of living things... Ecology (relationships)…
Living Things
ability to acquire energy... ability to reproduce... ability to adapt
46 terms
Biology 105
-centesis
capit/o-
-cide
cephal-
Surgical puncture to remove fluid... amniocentesis (withdrawal…
Head... capitis (head of bone)
Kill... Spermicide (agent that kills sperm)
Head... cephalic (by the head)
-centesis
Surgical puncture to remove fluid... amniocentesis (withdrawal…
capit/o-
Head... capitis (head of bone)
15 terms
Biology 105
Mortality
Natality
Ecological footprint
Community
the state of being subject to death.
the ratio of the number of births to the size of the population
Area of earth's surface required to sustainably support a par…
All species that live in a particular region
Mortality
the state of being subject to death.
Natality
the ratio of the number of births to the size of the population
267 terms
Biology 105
Hypothesis
Double-Blind Study
Sampling Error
Scientific Method
An educated guess
When both the tester and subject are blinded
When sample data is used rather than testing the population e…
Systematic approach to understanding the complexities of nature
Hypothesis
An educated guess
Double-Blind Study
When both the tester and subject are blinded
92 terms
Biology 105
What is science?
Empirical
Open
Repeatable
A method, procedure, asking questions
Information comes from observation and experiment, not revela…
Explanation may change as knowledge grows; not fixed or finite.
Different people will get the same information if they look i…
What is science?
A method, procedure, asking questions
Empirical
Information comes from observation and experiment, not revela…
597 terms
Biology 105
biology
life
order
regulation
the scientific study of life
seven properties and processes associated with this
all living things exhibit complex but ordered organization
the environment outside an organism can change drastically, b…
biology
the scientific study of life
life
seven properties and processes associated with this
16 terms
Biology 105
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic AND Eukaryotic Cells
-all living things are made up of cells... -cell is the most bas…
-small... -bacteria... -less complex... -single cell... -one circle of DNA
-larger... -have a nucleus... -multi-cell... -more structures... -compart…
-cell membrane... -ribosomes
Cell Theory
-all living things are made up of cells... -cell is the most bas…
Prokaryotic Cells
-small... -bacteria... -less complex... -single cell... -one circle of DNA
108 terms
Biology 105
Hypothesis
Null Hypothesis
Alternative Hypothesis
Biology
An explanation for an observation
No difference or no effect
Researched hypothesis
The science of life
Hypothesis
An explanation for an observation
Null Hypothesis
No difference or no effect
15 terms
BIOLOGY 105
Biology Levels
Science?
Eukaryotrs
Prokaryotes
Biosphere-Ecosystems-Communities-Populations-Organism-Organs…
Way of knowing about the natural world should be objective, c…
Membrane bound organelles, nucleus
No membrane organelles, no nucleus
Biology Levels
Biosphere-Ecosystems-Communities-Populations-Organism-Organs…
Science?
Way of knowing about the natural world should be objective, c…
9 terms
biology 105
Basal angiosperms
Monocots
No monocots produce
Adaptive radiations
Many floral parts at each whorl ... -petals and sepals undiffere…
-approx 60,000 species... -largest inflorescence (Cluster of flo…
trees they never produce secondary xylem or wood
Cyperaceae- 5500 species, seges, orchids, or orchidaceae- 22,…
Basal angiosperms
Many floral parts at each whorl ... -petals and sepals undiffere…
Monocots
-approx 60,000 species... -largest inflorescence (Cluster of flo…
95 terms
Biology 105
How does information flow?
Flow of transcription
Flow of translation
Archibold Garrod
DNA > RNA > Protein
DNA > RNA
RNA > Protein
Connected genes to enzymes.
How does information flow?
DNA > RNA > Protein
Flow of transcription
DNA > RNA
28 terms
Biology 105
characteristics of sacropterygii (3)
Goups of sacropterygii (3)
Lung fish
Crossopteygian
Fleshy-fish: ... 1. paired fins: pectoral and pelvic... 2. primitiv…
1. Rhiphidistian: extinct (Amphibian Ancestors)... 2. Lung fish…
made cocoon of saliva and dirt to burrow under ground
notochord and rostal gland for electrical signals
characteristics of sacropterygii (3)
Fleshy-fish: ... 1. paired fins: pectoral and pelvic... 2. primitiv…
Goups of sacropterygii (3)
1. Rhiphidistian: extinct (Amphibian Ancestors)... 2. Lung fish…
103 terms
Biology 105- Exam 1
What is science?
4 characteristics of science
empirical(characteristics of science)
open(characteristics of science)
a way of knowing and understanding the world we see around us
empirical, open, repeatable, natural
information comes from observation and experiment
explanations may change as knowledge grows
What is science?
a way of knowing and understanding the world we see around us
4 characteristics of science
empirical, open, repeatable, natural
Biology 105
Animals evolved from a _______ ancestor
Groups of similar cells organized into…
Outer ectoderm, Inner endoderm, middle…
What kind of nervous system does radia…
Colonial Choanoflagellate
Tissues
Germ layers
Nerve Net
Animals evolved from a _______ ancestor
Colonial Choanoflagellate
Groups of similar cells organized into…
Tissues
130 terms
Biology 105- Exam 4
cell theory
cell division functions in two aspects…
growth and development
two types of reproduction
all cells come from preexisting cells
1. growth and development... 2. reproduction
an individual increases in size and complexity by adding new…
1. sexual... 2. asexual
cell theory
all cells come from preexisting cells
cell division functions in two aspects…
1. growth and development... 2. reproduction
82 terms
Chapter 4 - Biology 105
The _____ is one of the fundamental co…
Four generalization constitute the cel…
All cells have at least three componen…
A cell's outermost membrane; a lipid b…
Cell Theory
1. All organisms consist of one or more cells... 2. A cell is th…
Plasma membrane, Cytoplasm, DNA
Plasma Membrane
The _____ is one of the fundamental co…
Cell Theory
Four generalization constitute the cel…
1. All organisms consist of one or more cells... 2. A cell is th…
80 terms
Biology 105 Exam 3
nucleotide --> codon --> gene --> chro…
another allele for the same trait, eit…
5-carbon sugar, phosphate group, and a…
codon
What is the order of the structures from smallest to largest?
in a body (somatic) cell, if one copy of a chromosome has the…
the nucleotides that make up nucleic acids are composed of __…
3 DNA/RNA nucleotides that correspond with specific amino aci…
nucleotide --> codon --> gene --> chro…
What is the order of the structures from smallest to largest?
another allele for the same trait, eit…
in a body (somatic) cell, if one copy of a chromosome has the…
26 terms
Biology 105
Observation, Question, Hypothesis, Pre…
If a tree falls in a forest does it ma…
Biosphere, Ecosystem, Community, Popul…
Ecology, Anatomy, Cytology, Genetics,…
What is the process of the scientific method?
Independent Variable
what are the 10 levels of hierarchy of observation
Areas of biology
Observation, Question, Hypothesis, Pre…
What is the process of the scientific method?
If a tree falls in a forest does it ma…
Independent Variable
41 terms
Biology 105 Exam 3
Photosynthesis Summary Equation
Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respirations Summary Equation
Summary for aerobic cellular respiration
6CO2+12H2O---Sunlight-->C6H12O6+6H2O+6O2
The aerobic harvesting of energy from food molecules at the c…
C6H12O6+6O2 ADP -ATP-->6CO2+6H2O... Glucose energy rich due…
Energy:... Glycolysis: 2ATP... Citric Acid Cycle: 2ATP... Oxidative…
Photosynthesis Summary Equation
6CO2+12H2O---Sunlight-->C6H12O6+6H2O+6O2
Cellular Respiration
The aerobic harvesting of energy from food molecules at the c…
16 terms
Biology 105
Centrioles
Spindle fibers
Nuclear envelope
PROPHASE
Move apart ... Not found in plants
Form and attach from centrioles to centromeres
Fragments and dissapears
PAIRED up chromosomes
Centrioles
Move apart ... Not found in plants
Spindle fibers
Form and attach from centrioles to centromeres
19 terms
Biology 105 Proteins
Monomer
Polymer
Proteins
Chains are written from ____ to ____ -…
a small molecule that binds with other similar molecules to f…
any long molecule made of monomers bonded together
long chains of amino acids
N,C
Monomer
a small molecule that binds with other similar molecules to f…
Polymer
any long molecule made of monomers bonded together
55 terms
Biology 105
Paleozoic Era
Mesozoic Era
Cenozoic Era
What was the range for the Paleozoic Era
Cambrian explosion (all major life forms showed up) ... fish app…
Permian Exctiction started this era... Dinosaurs rule... Mammals ap…
Mammals become big... birds take off (fly)... Humans show up (100,0…
570-240 mya
Paleozoic Era
Cambrian explosion (all major life forms showed up) ... fish app…
Mesozoic Era
Permian Exctiction started this era... Dinosaurs rule... Mammals ap…
55 terms
Biology 105
What does glycogen do?
What does cellulose do?
What does chitin do?
What does amphipathic mean?
energy storage for animals
Forms the structure for cell wall in plants
Forms the shell of animals
Regions of Polar and Non-polar on the body
What does glycogen do?
energy storage for animals
What does cellulose do?
Forms the structure for cell wall in plants
22 terms
Biology 105 Chemistry
Non-polar
Polar
Solution
Energy
equal sharing of electrons... hydrophobic
unequal sharing of electrons... hydrophilic
A liquid containing one or more dissolved solids or gases in…
Potential: stored energy ... Kinetic: motion energy
Non-polar
equal sharing of electrons... hydrophobic
Polar
unequal sharing of electrons... hydrophilic
50 terms
Bio-105: Molecular Biology
Incomplete Dominance
Co-Dominance
Type A
Type B
Phenotype of heterozygote is mix of two homozygotes... (Red+Whit…
Having more than one dominant allele that is expressed simult…
Blood type that adds galactosomine
Blood type that adds galactose
Incomplete Dominance
Phenotype of heterozygote is mix of two homozygotes... (Red+Whit…
Co-Dominance
Having more than one dominant allele that is expressed simult…
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