Study sets matching "biology 106 plants"

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Study sets matching "biology 106 plants"

Biology 106 Chapter 35 Plant Growth and Development
root
lateral root
taproots
stem
organ that anchors a vascular plant
root that arises from the pericycle of an established root
one main vertical root that helps the root from toppling
plant organ bearing leaves and buds
root
organ that anchors a vascular plant
lateral root
root that arises from the pericycle of an established root
Ento 106 - Lesson: 6.2 Plant Biology
These are the 3 plant types.
What is the plant type based on the fo…
What is the plant type based on the fo…
What is the plant type based on the fo…
1.) Grasses... 2.) Broadleaf Plants (forbs)... 3.) Woody Plants
Grass
Grass
Grass
These are the 3 plant types.
1.) Grasses... 2.) Broadleaf Plants (forbs)... 3.) Woody Plants
What is the plant type based on the fo…
Grass
Biology 106 Test #3 (Protists and Land Plants)
eukarya includes
The nuclear envelope is a
Paraphyletic
Most protists are found in ________ en…
algae, plants, fungi, and animals
synapomorphy
represents some, not all descendants of a common ancestor
wet soil and aquatic
eukarya includes
algae, plants, fungi, and animals
The nuclear envelope is a
synapomorphy
Bio 106 plants
Traecheophyta
Spermatophyta
Synapmorphies of spermatophyta
Derived traits seed plants
Vascular plants clade (monophyletic)
Seed plant clade including angiosperms and gymnosperms (monop…
Heterospory, seeds, ovules, pollen
Reduced gametophyte phase, heterospory,
Traecheophyta
Vascular plants clade (monophyletic)
Spermatophyta
Seed plant clade including angiosperms and gymnosperms (monop…
Biology 106
Eukarya
Archaea
Bacteria
Taxonomy
Nucleus, organelles, cytoskeleton, linear chromosomes... Mitocho…
Psuedomurein, circular DNA, nucleiod, generally single-celled…
Peptidoglycan, circular DNA, nucleoid... photosynthetic and non-…
Science of classifying organisms... Binomial Nomenclature (Genus…
Eukarya
Nucleus, organelles, cytoskeleton, linear chromosomes... Mitocho…
Archaea
Psuedomurein, circular DNA, nucleiod, generally single-celled…
59 terms
Bio 106 Plants
photosynthetic pigments in cyanobacteria
chlorophyll a
carotenoids
phycobilins
chlorophyll a, carotenoids, phycobilins; light absorbed by pi…
green photosynthetic pigment - absorbs red
orange photosynthetic pigment
phycocyanin: blue photosynthetic pigment, cyanobacteria name…
photosynthetic pigments in cyanobacteria
chlorophyll a, carotenoids, phycobilins; light absorbed by pi…
chlorophyll a
green photosynthetic pigment - absorbs red
233 terms
Everything Plants (BIO106)
New technologies, phytoremediation, ne…
What's stopping us from using cellulos…
Do algae have lignin?
What is the group of green algae most…
Reasons to study plants
LIGNINS.
No.
Charophytes
New technologies, phytoremediation, ne…
Reasons to study plants
What's stopping us from using cellulos…
LIGNINS.
Biology 106
DNA is
Deoxyribose is a
How many phosphate groups are present…
"Restriction enzymes" are also known as
Hydrophillic
Carbohydrate
2
restriction endonucleases
DNA is
Hydrophillic
Deoxyribose is a
Carbohydrate
14 terms
Bio 106 Green Plants
What species are considered green plan…
What are the ecosystem services?
What can we use green plants for?
Plasmodesmata
Green algae and land plants (embryophytes) ... -Double membrane…
generate oxygen, build soil, have soil hold water, prevent so…
food, clothing, fuel, building materials, and medicine
small channels that allow plant cells to communicate and tran…
What species are considered green plan…
Green algae and land plants (embryophytes) ... -Double membrane…
What are the ecosystem services?
generate oxygen, build soil, have soil hold water, prevent so…
51 terms
Biology 106 Unit 1
Aristotle
Erasmus Darwin
Jean Baptiste Lamarck
A. Weismann
Species do not change or evolve and are sorted on a ladder
Believed all ancestors arose from a single ancestor, Darwin's…
fossils present a history of life on earth. Species change bu…
Created germ plasm theory which stated that changes in somati…
Aristotle
Species do not change or evolve and are sorted on a ladder
Erasmus Darwin
Believed all ancestors arose from a single ancestor, Darwin's…
Biology 106 Exam 2
free energy
change in free energy predicts...
more free energy=
less free energy=
-portion of the system's energy that can perform work... -measur…
if a process is spontaneous
less stable, greater work capacity
more stable, less work capacity
free energy
-portion of the system's energy that can perform work... -measur…
change in free energy predicts...
if a process is spontaneous
41 terms
Biology 106 - Chapter 2
Matter
Elements
NCHOPS
Atoms
Stuff that takes up space and has mass. Can exist in either g…
The most fundamental unit that still has the properties of th…
Nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulfer.
Building blocks. Smallest part of an element that has subatom…
Matter
Stuff that takes up space and has mass. Can exist in either g…
Elements
The most fundamental unit that still has the properties of th…
24 terms
Biology 106
Three main ways plant cells differenti…
Two different angiosperms
Monocot type plants include
Eudicot type plants include
1. Cell wall... 2. Chloroplast... 3. Vacuole
Monocots and eudicot
Grasses and lilies (leaf veins usually parallel)
apples and violets (leaf veins usually net-like)
Three main ways plant cells differenti…
1. Cell wall... 2. Chloroplast... 3. Vacuole
Two different angiosperms
Monocots and eudicot
Biology Plants
Cuticle
Stomata
Guard Cells
4 Main Groups of Plants
wavy substance that covers the above ground part of a plant;…
enable gas exchange; openings in the outer cell layer of leav…
border the stomata and control size by expanding and contract…
1) Bryophyte (non vascular)... 2) Pterophyte (vascular, but prim…
Cuticle
wavy substance that covers the above ground part of a plant;…
Stomata
enable gas exchange; openings in the outer cell layer of leav…
13 terms
Gen Bio 106 (Plants)
Waxy cuticule
Stomata
Guard cells
Xylem and phloem
part of plant on top of the leaf thats function is to stop wa…
considered the plants nose, allows CO2 and O2 in and out the…
The two cells that flank the stomatal pore and regulate the o…
Name the two vascular bundles
Waxy cuticule
part of plant on top of the leaf thats function is to stop wa…
Stomata
considered the plants nose, allows CO2 and O2 in and out the…
15 terms
Bio 106 Plants
Brown Alga
fucoxanthin
laminaria
fucus
Non-vascular. Anchored by holdfasts.
Give brown algae it's pigment
harvested from brown algae to extract algin.
rockweed. used to produce soda-ash.
Brown Alga
Non-vascular. Anchored by holdfasts.
fucoxanthin
Give brown algae it's pigment
141 terms
BIO 106 Plants PPT 1
Uses of plants
The greatest source of available and r…
cellulose
lignen
medicine, clothes, paper, food, phytoremeidation, biofuels
Plants--> harvest suns energy
part of plant we use to make ethanol for fuel
part of plant that makes it hard to use plants for biofuels a…
Uses of plants
medicine, clothes, paper, food, phytoremeidation, biofuels
The greatest source of available and r…
Plants--> harvest suns energy
41 terms
BIO 106 plants PPT 2
chloroplast are
plastid
energy exists in bonds between atoms i…
energy is stored in bonds of
the second distinguishing feature of plant
term for photosynthesis based organelle (chloroplast is the m…
when bonds are broken energy from the bonds can be used for l…
biomolecules
chloroplast are
the second distinguishing feature of plant
plastid
term for photosynthesis based organelle (chloroplast is the m…
50 terms
Ento 106 -Lesson 6.2: Plant Biology CHECK ON LEARNING
Select the letter(s) that apply:... Matc…
Select the letter(s) that apply:... Matc…
Select the letter(s) that apply:... Matc…
Select the letter(s) that apply:... Matc…
A
C
D... (These are grasses)
A
Select the letter(s) that apply:... Matc…
A
Select the letter(s) that apply:... Matc…
C
BIO106: Green Plants
Green plants includes...
Green plants synthesize...
Green plants are...
What do green plants contribute to eco…
Green algae and land plants
Starch (storage of energy/glucose)
Primary producers.... Photoautotrophs! They conduct photosynthes…
Green plants generate O2, build soil, hold water in soil, pre…
Green plants includes...
Green algae and land plants
Green plants synthesize...
Starch (storage of energy/glucose)
Biology 106
What are the 3 main functions of a Root?
What are the three basic organs of a p…
What are stems?
What are leaves?
To anchor, absorb, and store
Stem, root, and leaves
An organ consisting of an alternating system of nodes (the po…
The main photosynthetic organ of most vascular plants.
What are the 3 main functions of a Root?
To anchor, absorb, and store
What are the three basic organs of a p…
Stem, root, and leaves
76 terms
bio 106 The Plant Body
What group do angiosperms belong to?
When did angiosperms first appear?
Name the three type of vegetative orga…
Name the two systems angiosperm vegeta…
flowering plants
140 million years ago
roots, stems, leaves
root and shoot systems
What group do angiosperms belong to?
flowering plants
When did angiosperms first appear?
140 million years ago
43 terms
bio 106 Plant Nutrition
Define nutrients.
Plants are autotrophs, meaning...?
Nitrogen enters plants mostly through…
Where are mineral nutrients mostly obt…
the major ingredients for macromolecules-carbon, hydrogen, ox…
they obtain carbon from CO2 in the atmosphere through fixatio…
Bacterial activity
the soil
Define nutrients.
the major ingredients for macromolecules-carbon, hydrogen, ox…
Plants are autotrophs, meaning...?
they obtain carbon from CO2 in the atmosphere through fixatio…
36 terms
Biology plants
What is the Stamen?
Anther
Filament
What is the pistil?
its the male part of the flower, its made up of the filament…
anther is the part of the stamen that contains and produces p…
its the thin hair like stalk that sits on top of the anther
the female part of the plant,its made up of the stigma, style…
What is the Stamen?
its the male part of the flower, its made up of the filament…
Anther
anther is the part of the stamen that contains and produces p…
34 terms
Biology 106
Which feature is shared by all monosac…
The bond that joins two monosaccharide…
Which statement most accurately descri…
Which of these is not a lipid?... phosph…
In their linear forms, they all contain a carbonyl and severa…
glycosidic bond
They are storing chemical energy, indicating cell identity, a…
RNA
Which feature is shared by all monosac…
In their linear forms, they all contain a carbonyl and severa…
The bond that joins two monosaccharide…
glycosidic bond
53 terms
biology 106
ingestion of food,digestion of food,ad…
exocrine glands
alimentary canal
peristalsis
the process performed by the digestive system include
digestive glands are
a passageway through which food moves
a wavelike motion of the digestive system which moves food th…
ingestion of food,digestion of food,ad…
the process performed by the digestive system include
exocrine glands
digestive glands are
65 terms
Biology 106 - Chapter 3
Organic macromolecules
Hydro-carbon
Functional group
Influences
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. Primarily…
Non polar which is it's structure which will influence functi…
Specific cluster or group of atoms that influences the functi…
Reactivity, polarity.
Organic macromolecules
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. Primarily…
Hydro-carbon
Non polar which is it's structure which will influence functi…
Biology 106
Macromolecule
Molecule
pH scale
Buffer
A molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
Atoms of same type bonded together (Chemical Reaction)
Measures amount of hydrogen ions. 7 is neutral, above 7 base,…
Substance that tend to resist changes in pH and help maintain…
Macromolecule
A molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
Molecule
Atoms of same type bonded together (Chemical Reaction)
38 terms
Biology 106
Septate hypha
Coenocytic hypha
Pheromones
Plasmogamy:
with septa
without septa
sex signals
union of cytoplasm of two genetically different hypha
Septate hypha
with septa
Coenocytic hypha
without septa
Biology 106
Blastula
Gastrula
Larva
Metamorphosis
an animal embryo at the early stage of development when it is…
an embryo at the stage following the blastula, when it is a h…
the active immature form of an insect, especially one that di…
the transformation of larva into an adult
Blastula
an animal embryo at the early stage of development when it is…
Gastrula
an embryo at the stage following the blastula, when it is a h…
Biology 106
community
interspecific interactions
interspecific competition
ecological niche
a group of populations of different species living close enou…
relationships between species in a community
occurs when species compete for a resource in short supply
the sum of a species' use of biotic and abiotic resources
community
a group of populations of different species living close enou…
interspecific interactions
relationships between species in a community
Biology 106
manipulated... response ... IV, DV
Respiration
Secretion
Excretion
Be able to identify all the variables within an experiment. B…
All living things respire
The secretion of useful substances from a cell, either into t…
the process by which waste products of metabolism and other n…
manipulated... response ... IV, DV
Be able to identify all the variables within an experiment. B…
Respiration
All living things respire
51 terms
Biology 106
Excavata (lineage)
Alveolata (lineage)
Stramenopila (lineage)
Amoebozoa (lineage)
Common/Class or Phylum names: ... (Euglenoids & Kinetoplastids)…
Common/Class or Phylum names:... (apicomplexans & ciliates (cili…
Common/Class or Phylum names:... (brown algae (Phaeophayta) & di…
Common/Class or Phylum names:... (slime molds and amoeba)... Exampl…
Excavata (lineage)
Common/Class or Phylum names: ... (Euglenoids & Kinetoplastids)…
Alveolata (lineage)
Common/Class or Phylum names:... (apicomplexans & ciliates (cili…
71 terms
Biology 106
Characteristics of life
Cells
Atom
Molecules/compounds
Air,water, reproduction, energy, adaptation
Basic unit of life
Smallest nonliving unit
Grouped of joined atoms
Characteristics of life
Air,water, reproduction, energy, adaptation
Cells
Basic unit of life
Biology 106
Species
Gene pool
populations
Somatic
Individuals that can exchange genetic material through interb…
all the alleles present in all individuals in a species
interbreeding groups of organisms of the same species living…
occurring in body tissues
Species
Individuals that can exchange genetic material through interb…
Gene pool
all the alleles present in all individuals in a species
83 terms
Biology 106
What came first? Prokaryotes or Eukary…
List two organisms that are classified…
Viruses infect ____
What are viruses made of?
Prokaryotes
Bacteria and Archaea
everything
protein and DNA
What came first? Prokaryotes or Eukary…
Prokaryotes
List two organisms that are classified…
Bacteria and Archaea
100 terms
biosci 106 plants
how many essential vitamins are there?
vitamin C functions
free radicals are
mutation in what enzyme in humans prev…
13
atioxidant, regenerates other antioxidants and used for synth…
any species with one or more unpaired electrons
L-gulonolactone oxidase
how many essential vitamins are there?
13
vitamin C functions
atioxidant, regenerates other antioxidants and used for synth…
Biology 106
What are the four characteristics of c…
Humerous
Radius
Ulna
Gill Slits, Dosal chord, Postanal tail, and Notochord
The upper arm
lower arm
lower arm
What are the four characteristics of c…
Gill Slits, Dosal chord, Postanal tail, and Notochord
Humerous
The upper arm
59 terms
Biology 106
Tree of Life
Model Organisms
How many species exist today.
Common Descent
Nuts and bolts of biodiversity, the... phenomenal complexity wit…
Used extensively for scientific research to study genetics. F…
8 million species on earth. Estimated over 10 million through…
All of the living organisms you see today, no matter how diff…
Tree of Life
Nuts and bolts of biodiversity, the... phenomenal complexity wit…
Model Organisms
Used extensively for scientific research to study genetics. F…
10 terms
Plant Nutrition Bio 106
What organic minerals are required for…
What are the micronutrients that are r…
What are the micronutrients that are r…
What are the nutrients that plants usu…
CHO... Acquired from Carbon and H2O... Plants mostly mad of CH2O
Nitrate... Phosphate... Sulfate ... K
Iron ... Zinc... Copper
NPK
What organic minerals are required for…
CHO... Acquired from Carbon and H2O... Plants mostly mad of CH2O
What are the micronutrients that are r…
Nitrate... Phosphate... Sulfate ... K
Biology 106
Gene pool
Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium
Microevolution
Bottleneck effect
The total collection of alleles in a population at any one ti…
A non evolving population
A change in a population's gene pool over a succession of gen…
Genetic drift resulting from a drastic reduction in populatio…
Gene pool
The total collection of alleles in a population at any one ti…
Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium
A non evolving population
Biology Plants
palmate vennation
pinnate vennation
parallel vennation
alternate arrangement
palmate vennation
pinnate vennation
Plant ID 95-106
Yankee weed: Eupatorium compositifolium
Alfalfa: Medicago sativa
Bur-clover: Medicago polymorpha var. v…
Crimson clover: Trifolium incarnatum
Perennial ... Warm... Native ... Wildlife: Poor... Wildlife: Poor
Perennial... Warm... Introduced... Wildlife: Good... Grazing: Good
Annual... Cool... Introduced... Wildlife: Fair... Grazing: Good
Annual... Cool... Introduced... Wildlife: Fair... Grazing: Good
Yankee weed: Eupatorium compositifolium
Perennial ... Warm... Native ... Wildlife: Poor... Wildlife: Poor
Alfalfa: Medicago sativa
Perennial... Warm... Introduced... Wildlife: Good... Grazing: Good
BIOLOGY 106
How many people die in the US from smo…
1950 Doll and Hill (UK) and Hammond an…
2010 Report to the Public said what?
What are the effects of second hand sm…
1 out of every 5
- Linked smoking to lung disease... - Dose dependent (the more y…
- No risk free level of exposure to tobacco smoke... - Can cause…
- Ear infections... - More frequent and severe asthma ... - Respira…
How many people die in the US from smo…
1 out of every 5
1950 Doll and Hill (UK) and Hammond an…
- Linked smoking to lung disease... - Dose dependent (the more y…
Plant Reproduction - Bio 106
Floral Structure
Sepals
Petals
Stamens
A flower is a modified shoot with 4 whorls
Usually green
Colored attractants
The male part that has filaments and anthers
Floral Structure
A flower is a modified shoot with 4 whorls
Sepals
Usually green
Plant Nutrition - Bio 106
Open systems
Main requirements for energy
Inorganic chemicals
Mineral nutrients
Energy flows... Chemicals cycle
Light energy... CO2... Water
Plants can synthesize all the amino acids and vitamins
essential chemical elements absorbed... from soil in the form of…
Open systems
Energy flows... Chemicals cycle
Main requirements for energy
Light energy... CO2... Water
36 terms
Biology 106
Evolution
Biosphere
Ecosystems
communities
the process of change that has transformed life on earth from…
All signs of life on earth
Consists of all living things in a particular area, along wit…
organisms inhabiting a particular ecosystem
Evolution
the process of change that has transformed life on earth from…
Biosphere
All signs of life on earth
53 terms
Biology 106 Lab Final
Brown Algea
Planaria
Chalk Sponge
Hydra
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Protista... Phylum: Phaeophyta
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum:Platyhelminthes... Free…
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Porifera... Tissues: P…
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Cnidaria... Tissues: E…
Brown Algea
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Protista... Phylum: Phaeophyta
Planaria
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum:Platyhelminthes... Free…
BIOSCI 106: Plant Biochemistry
Medicinal Use for Willow Tree:
Medicinal Use for Foxglove:
Medicinal Use for Artemisia Annua:
13 Essential Vitamins:
Salicylic Acid
Atrial Fibrillation Medication
Malaria treatment
A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, B12, C, D, E, K
Medicinal Use for Willow Tree:
Salicylic Acid
Medicinal Use for Foxglove:
Atrial Fibrillation Medication
133 terms
Biology 106 Exam 2
are fungi photosynthetic
heterotrophs
what do fungi do on surroundings
decomposers, parasites, and mutualists?
no, they are heterotrophs
organisms get food/energy from environment
secrete enzymes and absorb the broken down products
everything that fungi can be
are fungi photosynthetic
no, they are heterotrophs
heterotrophs
organisms get food/energy from environment
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