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Study sets matching "biology 106 plants"

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Study sets matching "biology 106 plants"

19 terms
Biology 106 Chapter 35 Plant Growth and Development
root
lateral root
taproots
stem
organ that anchors a vascular plant
root that arises from the pericycle of an established root
one main vertical root that helps the root from toppling
plant organ bearing leaves and buds
root
organ that anchors a vascular plant
lateral root
root that arises from the pericycle of an established root
85 terms
Biology 106 Test #3 (Protists and Land Plants)
eukarya includes
The nuclear envelope is a
Paraphyletic
Most protists are found in ________ en…
algae, plants, fungi, and animals
synapomorphy
represents some, not all descendants of a common ancestor
wet soil and aquatic
eukarya includes
algae, plants, fungi, and animals
The nuclear envelope is a
synapomorphy
44 terms
Ento 106 - Lesson: 6.2 Plant Biology
These are the 3 plant types.
What is the plant type based on the fo…
What is the plant type based on the fo…
What is the plant type based on the fo…
1.) Grasses... 2.) Broadleaf Plants (forbs)... 3.) Woody Plants
Grass
Grass
Grass
These are the 3 plant types.
1.) Grasses... 2.) Broadleaf Plants (forbs)... 3.) Woody Plants
What is the plant type based on the fo…
Grass
233 terms
Everything Plants (BIO106)
New technologies, phytoremediation, ne…
What's stopping us from using cellulos…
Do algae have lignin?
What is the group of green algae most…
Reasons to study plants
LIGNINS.
No.
Charophytes
New technologies, phytoremediation, ne…
Reasons to study plants
What's stopping us from using cellulos…
LIGNINS.
84 terms
Biology 106
DNA is
Deoxyribose is a
How many phosphate groups are present…
"Restriction enzymes" are also known as
Hydrophillic
Carbohydrate
2
restriction endonucleases
DNA is
Hydrophillic
Deoxyribose is a
Carbohydrate
13 terms
Bio 106 plants
Traecheophyta
Spermatophyta
Synapmorphies of spermatophyta
Derived traits seed plants
Vascular plants clade (monophyletic)
Seed plant clade including angiosperms and gymnosperms (monop…
Heterospory, seeds, ovules, pollen
Reduced gametophyte phase, heterospory,
Traecheophyta
Vascular plants clade (monophyletic)
Spermatophyta
Seed plant clade including angiosperms and gymnosperms (monop…
14 terms
Bio 106 Green Plants
What species are considered green plan…
What are the ecosystem services?
What can we use green plants for?
Plasmodesmata
Green algae and land plants (embryophytes) ... -Double membrane…
generate oxygen, build soil, have soil hold water, prevent so…
food, clothing, fuel, building materials, and medicine
small channels that allow plant cells to communicate and tran…
What species are considered green plan…
Green algae and land plants (embryophytes) ... -Double membrane…
What are the ecosystem services?
generate oxygen, build soil, have soil hold water, prevent so…
15 terms
Bio 106 Plants
Brown Alga
fucoxanthin
laminaria
fucus
Non-vascular. Anchored by holdfasts.
Give brown algae it's pigment
harvested from brown algae to extract algin.
rockweed. used to produce soda-ash.
Brown Alga
Non-vascular. Anchored by holdfasts.
fucoxanthin
Give brown algae it's pigment
59 terms
Bio 106 Plants
photosynthetic pigments in cyanobacteria
chlorophyll a
carotenoids
phycobilins
chlorophyll a, carotenoids, phycobilins; light absorbed by pi…
green photosynthetic pigment - absorbs red
orange photosynthetic pigment
phycocyanin: blue photosynthetic pigment, cyanobacteria name…
photosynthetic pigments in cyanobacteria
chlorophyll a, carotenoids, phycobilins; light absorbed by pi…
chlorophyll a
green photosynthetic pigment - absorbs red
33 terms
Biology Plants
Cuticle
Stomata
Guard Cells
4 Main Groups of Plants
wavy substance that covers the above ground part of a plant;…
enable gas exchange; openings in the outer cell layer of leav…
border the stomata and control size by expanding and contract…
1) Bryophyte (non vascular)... 2) Pterophyte (vascular, but prim…
Cuticle
wavy substance that covers the above ground part of a plant;…
Stomata
enable gas exchange; openings in the outer cell layer of leav…
51 terms
Biology 106 Unit 1
Aristotle
Erasmus Darwin
Jean Baptiste Lamarck
A. Weismann
Species do not change or evolve and are sorted on a ladder
Believed all ancestors arose from a single ancestor, Darwin's…
fossils present a history of life on earth. Species change bu…
Created germ plasm theory which stated that changes in somati…
Aristotle
Species do not change or evolve and are sorted on a ladder
Erasmus Darwin
Believed all ancestors arose from a single ancestor, Darwin's…
143 terms
Biology 106 Exam 2
free energy
change in free energy predicts...
more free energy=
less free energy=
-portion of the system's energy that can perform work... -measur…
if a process is spontaneous
less stable, greater work capacity
more stable, less work capacity
free energy
-portion of the system's energy that can perform work... -measur…
change in free energy predicts...
if a process is spontaneous
41 terms
Biology 106 - Chapter 2
Matter
Elements
NCHOPS
Atoms
Stuff that takes up space and has mass. Can exist in either g…
The most fundamental unit that still has the properties of th…
Nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulfer.
Building blocks. Smallest part of an element that has subatom…
Matter
Stuff that takes up space and has mass. Can exist in either g…
Elements
The most fundamental unit that still has the properties of th…
90 terms
Biology 106
Eukarya
Archaea
Bacteria
Taxonomy
Nucleus, organelles, cytoskeleton, linear chromosomes... Mitocho…
Psuedomurein, circular DNA, nucleiod, generally single-celled…
Peptidoglycan, circular DNA, nucleoid... photosynthetic and non-…
Science of classifying organisms... Binomial Nomenclature (Genus…
Eukarya
Nucleus, organelles, cytoskeleton, linear chromosomes... Mitocho…
Archaea
Psuedomurein, circular DNA, nucleiod, generally single-celled…
50 terms
Ento 106 -Lesson 6.2: Plant Biology CHECK ON LEARNING
Select the letter(s) that apply:... Matc…
Select the letter(s) that apply:... Matc…
Select the letter(s) that apply:... Matc…
Select the letter(s) that apply:... Matc…
A
C
D... (These are grasses)
A
Select the letter(s) that apply:... Matc…
A
Select the letter(s) that apply:... Matc…
C
24 terms
Biology 106
Three main ways plant cells differenti…
Two different angiosperms
Monocot type plants include
Eudicot type plants include
1. Cell wall... 2. Chloroplast... 3. Vacuole
Monocots and eudicot
Grasses and lilies (leaf veins usually parallel)
apples and violets (leaf veins usually net-like)
Three main ways plant cells differenti…
1. Cell wall... 2. Chloroplast... 3. Vacuole
Two different angiosperms
Monocots and eudicot
51 terms
Biosci 106 Plants Biochemistry
Beta carotene
Vit A Transcription factor
BT corn
Xerophthalmia
Beta carotene dioxygenase
Retinoic acid
Corn bore/Root Worm
Dry cornea
Beta carotene
Beta carotene dioxygenase
Vit A Transcription factor
Retinoic acid
13 terms
Gen Bio 106 (Plants)
Waxy cuticule
Stomata
Guard cells
Xylem and phloem
part of plant on top of the leaf thats function is to stop wa…
considered the plants nose, allows CO2 and O2 in and out the…
The two cells that flank the stomatal pore and regulate the o…
Name the two vascular bundles
Waxy cuticule
part of plant on top of the leaf thats function is to stop wa…
Stomata
considered the plants nose, allows CO2 and O2 in and out the…
100 terms
biosci 106 plants
how many essential vitamins are there?
vitamin C functions
free radicals are
mutation in what enzyme in humans prev…
13
atioxidant, regenerates other antioxidants and used for synth…
any species with one or more unpaired electrons
L-gulonolactone oxidase
how many essential vitamins are there?
13
vitamin C functions
atioxidant, regenerates other antioxidants and used for synth…
23 terms
BIO106: Green Plants
Green plants includes...
Green plants synthesize...
Green plants are...
What do green plants contribute to eco…
Green algae and land plants
Starch (storage of energy/glucose)
Primary producers.... Photoautotrophs! They conduct photosynthes…
Green plants generate O2, build soil, hold water in soil, pre…
Green plants includes...
Green algae and land plants
Green plants synthesize...
Starch (storage of energy/glucose)
12 terms
Plant ID 95-106
Yankee weed: Eupatorium compositifolium
Alfalfa: Medicago sativa
Bur-clover: Medicago polymorpha var. v…
Crimson clover: Trifolium incarnatum
Perennial ... Warm... Native ... Wildlife: Poor... Wildlife: Poor
Perennial... Warm... Introduced... Wildlife: Good... Grazing: Good
Annual... Cool... Introduced... Wildlife: Fair... Grazing: Good
Annual... Cool... Introduced... Wildlife: Fair... Grazing: Good
Yankee weed: Eupatorium compositifolium
Perennial ... Warm... Native ... Wildlife: Poor... Wildlife: Poor
Alfalfa: Medicago sativa
Perennial... Warm... Introduced... Wildlife: Good... Grazing: Good
55 terms
Plant Nutrition - Bio 106
Open systems
Main requirements for energy
Inorganic chemicals
Mineral nutrients
Energy flows... Chemicals cycle
Light energy... CO2... Water
Plants can synthesize all the amino acids and vitamins
essential chemical elements absorbed... from soil in the form of…
Open systems
Energy flows... Chemicals cycle
Main requirements for energy
Light energy... CO2... Water
34 terms
Biology 106
Which feature is shared by all monosac…
The bond that joins two monosaccharide…
Which statement most accurately descri…
Which of these is not a lipid?... phosph…
In their linear forms, they all contain a carbonyl and severa…
glycosidic bond
They are storing chemical energy, indicating cell identity, a…
RNA
Which feature is shared by all monosac…
In their linear forms, they all contain a carbonyl and severa…
The bond that joins two monosaccharide…
glycosidic bond
76 terms
bio 106 The Plant Body
What group do angiosperms belong to?
When did angiosperms first appear?
Name the three type of vegetative orga…
Name the two systems angiosperm vegeta…
flowering plants
140 million years ago
roots, stems, leaves
root and shoot systems
What group do angiosperms belong to?
flowering plants
When did angiosperms first appear?
140 million years ago
141 terms
BIO 106 Plants PPT 1
Uses of plants
The greatest source of available and r…
cellulose
lignen
medicine, clothes, paper, food, phytoremeidation, biofuels
Plants--> harvest suns energy
part of plant we use to make ethanol for fuel
part of plant that makes it hard to use plants for biofuels a…
Uses of plants
medicine, clothes, paper, food, phytoremeidation, biofuels
The greatest source of available and r…
Plants--> harvest suns energy
68 terms
Biology 106
Macromolecule
Molecule
pH scale
Buffer
A molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
Atoms of same type bonded together (Chemical Reaction)
Measures amount of hydrogen ions. 7 is neutral, above 7 base,…
Substance that tend to resist changes in pH and help maintain…
Macromolecule
A molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
Molecule
Atoms of same type bonded together (Chemical Reaction)
43 terms
bio 106 Plant Nutrition
Define nutrients.
Plants are autotrophs, meaning...?
Nitrogen enters plants mostly through…
Where are mineral nutrients mostly obt…
the major ingredients for macromolecules-carbon, hydrogen, ox…
they obtain carbon from CO2 in the atmosphere through fixatio…
Bacterial activity
the soil
Define nutrients.
the major ingredients for macromolecules-carbon, hydrogen, ox…
Plants are autotrophs, meaning...?
they obtain carbon from CO2 in the atmosphere through fixatio…
41 terms
BIO 106 plants PPT 2
chloroplast are
plastid
energy exists in bonds between atoms i…
energy is stored in bonds of
the second distinguishing feature of plant
term for photosynthesis based organelle (chloroplast is the m…
when bonds are broken energy from the bonds can be used for l…
biomolecules
chloroplast are
the second distinguishing feature of plant
plastid
term for photosynthesis based organelle (chloroplast is the m…
19 terms
Biology 106
Roots
Shoot system
Xylem and phloem
Cuticle
anchor plant into ground, absorption of minerals and water an…
stems and leaves for absorbing light and CO2 for photosynthes…
function in long-distance transport of water and minerals (xy…
a waxy covering that prevents water loss
Roots
anchor plant into ground, absorption of minerals and water an…
Shoot system
stems and leaves for absorbing light and CO2 for photosynthes…
86 terms
Biology 106
In a carboniferous forest dominant pla…
What is a key trait in land plants tha…
What is not a bryophyte
A key adaption common to all seed plan…
Pterophytes
Rose-shaped complexes for cellulose synthesis
Lycophyta
Naked Seeds
In a carboniferous forest dominant pla…
Pterophytes
What is a key trait in land plants tha…
Rose-shaped complexes for cellulose synthesis
22 terms
Biology 106
Summarize evolution
appropriate evidence for evolution
define science as a specific type of s…
hypothesis and theory
-descent with modification... -organisms inherent traits through…
-similar traits in unrelated species... -vestigial traits... -conve…
the use of evidence to construct testable explanations and pr…
-theory = overarching set of mechanisms or principles that ex…
Summarize evolution
-descent with modification... -organisms inherent traits through…
appropriate evidence for evolution
-similar traits in unrelated species... -vestigial traits... -conve…
36 terms
Biology plants
What is the Stamen?
Anther
Filament
What is the pistil?
its the male part of the flower, its made up of the filament…
anther is the part of the stamen that contains and produces p…
its the thin hair like stalk that sits on top of the anther
the female part of the plant,its made up of the stigma, style…
What is the Stamen?
its the male part of the flower, its made up of the filament…
Anther
anther is the part of the stamen that contains and produces p…
8 terms
Biology 106
Levels of organization
Symmetry
Germ layer
Body cavities
Organ system
Bilateral
Tripoblastic
N: Psuedocelom A: larve coelem
Levels of organization
Organ system
Symmetry
Bilateral
10 terms
Plant Nutrition Bio 106
What organic minerals are required for…
What are the micronutrients that are r…
What are the micronutrients that are r…
What are the nutrients that plants usu…
CHO... Acquired from Carbon and H2O... Plants mostly mad of CH2O
Nitrate... Phosphate... Sulfate ... K
Iron ... Zinc... Copper
NPK
What organic minerals are required for…
CHO... Acquired from Carbon and H2O... Plants mostly mad of CH2O
What are the micronutrients that are r…
Nitrate... Phosphate... Sulfate ... K
13 terms
Biology 106
Speciation
Biological species concept
Reproductive isolation
Pre-zygotic barriers
the process by which one species splits into two or more spec…
a species is a group of populations whose members have the po…
the existence of biological factors (barriers) that impede me…
block fertilization from occurring
Speciation
the process by which one species splits into two or more spec…
Biological species concept
a species is a group of populations whose members have the po…
24 terms
Biology 106
Oogenesis
Reproductive Cycles
Hormonal messages
GnRH
When the egg is actually developed, produces gametes, made av…
Ovarian cycle controls the growth... Menstrual cycle the uterus…
Coordinates the 2 cycles
Releases hormones
Oogenesis
When the egg is actually developed, produces gametes, made av…
Reproductive Cycles
Ovarian cycle controls the growth... Menstrual cycle the uterus…
83 terms
Biology 106
What came first? Prokaryotes or Eukary…
List two organisms that are classified…
Viruses infect ____
What are viruses made of?
Prokaryotes
Bacteria and Archaea
everything
protein and DNA
What came first? Prokaryotes or Eukary…
Prokaryotes
List two organisms that are classified…
Bacteria and Archaea
35 terms
Biology 106
Blastula
Gastrula
Larva
Metamorphosis
an animal embryo at the early stage of development when it is…
an embryo at the stage following the blastula, when it is a h…
the active immature form of an insect, especially one that di…
the transformation of larva into an adult
Blastula
an animal embryo at the early stage of development when it is…
Gastrula
an embryo at the stage following the blastula, when it is a h…
38 terms
Biology 106
Septate hypha
Coenocytic hypha
Pheromones
Plasmogamy:
with septa
without septa
sex signals
union of cytoplasm of two genetically different hypha
Septate hypha
with septa
Coenocytic hypha
without septa
65 terms
Biology 106 - Chapter 3
Organic macromolecules
Hydro-carbon
Functional group
Influences
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. Primarily…
Non polar which is it's structure which will influence functi…
Specific cluster or group of atoms that influences the functi…
Reactivity, polarity.
Organic macromolecules
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. Primarily…
Hydro-carbon
Non polar which is it's structure which will influence functi…
39 terms
Biology 106
community
interspecific interactions
interspecific competition
ecological niche
a group of populations of different species living close enou…
relationships between species in a community
occurs when species compete for a resource in short supply
the sum of a species' use of biotic and abiotic resources
community
a group of populations of different species living close enou…
interspecific interactions
relationships between species in a community
52 terms
Plants p.106-107
a plant
to plant
a seed
a leaf, leaves
une plante
planter
une graine
une feuille
a plant
une plante
to plant
planter
51 terms
Biology 106
Excavata (lineage)
Alveolata (lineage)
Stramenopila (lineage)
Amoebozoa (lineage)
Common/Class or Phylum names: ... (Euglenoids & Kinetoplastids)…
Common/Class or Phylum names:... (apicomplexans & ciliates (cili…
Common/Class or Phylum names:... (brown algae (Phaeophayta) & di…
Common/Class or Phylum names:... (slime molds and amoeba)... Exampl…
Excavata (lineage)
Common/Class or Phylum names: ... (Euglenoids & Kinetoplastids)…
Alveolata (lineage)
Common/Class or Phylum names:... (apicomplexans & ciliates (cili…
96 terms
Biology 106
manipulated... response ... IV, DV
Respiration
Secretion
Excretion
Be able to identify all the variables within an experiment. B…
All living things respire
The secretion of useful substances from a cell, either into t…
the process by which waste products of metabolism and other n…
manipulated... response ... IV, DV
Be able to identify all the variables within an experiment. B…
Respiration
All living things respire
71 terms
Biology 106
Characteristics of life
Cells
Atom
Molecules/compounds
Air,water, reproduction, energy, adaptation
Basic unit of life
Smallest nonliving unit
Grouped of joined atoms
Characteristics of life
Air,water, reproduction, energy, adaptation
Cells
Basic unit of life
30 terms
Biology 106
Species
Gene pool
populations
Somatic
Individuals that can exchange genetic material through interb…
all the alleles present in all individuals in a species
interbreeding groups of organisms of the same species living…
occurring in body tissues
Species
Individuals that can exchange genetic material through interb…
Gene pool
all the alleles present in all individuals in a species
53 terms
Biology 106
Deuterostome animals
What are the 2 phylum's of deuterostom…
What is a water vascular system?
What are examples of Phylum Echinoderm…
Anus is first opening; Mouth is second
Chordata & Echinodermata
Water goes through; Used to move
Starfish, sea urchins, sea cucumbers
Deuterostome animals
Anus is first opening; Mouth is second
What are the 2 phylum's of deuterostom…
Chordata & Echinodermata
BIOLOGY 106
How many people die in the US from smo…
1950 Doll and Hill (UK) and Hammond an…
2010 Report to the Public said what?
What are the effects of second hand sm…
1 out of every 5
- Linked smoking to lung disease... - Dose dependent (the more y…
- No risk free level of exposure to tobacco smoke... - Can cause…
- Ear infections... - More frequent and severe asthma ... - Respira…
How many people die in the US from smo…
1 out of every 5
1950 Doll and Hill (UK) and Hammond an…
- Linked smoking to lung disease... - Dose dependent (the more y…
59 terms
Biology 106
Tree of Life
Model Organisms
How many species exist today.
Common Descent
Nuts and bolts of biodiversity, the... phenomenal complexity wit…
Used extensively for scientific research to study genetics. F…
8 million species on earth. Estimated over 10 million through…
All of the living organisms you see today, no matter how diff…
Tree of Life
Nuts and bolts of biodiversity, the... phenomenal complexity wit…
Model Organisms
Used extensively for scientific research to study genetics. F…
Biology 106
Gene pool
Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium
Microevolution
Bottleneck effect
The total collection of alleles in a population at any one ti…
A non evolving population
A change in a population's gene pool over a succession of gen…
Genetic drift resulting from a drastic reduction in populatio…
Gene pool
The total collection of alleles in a population at any one ti…
Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium
A non evolving population
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