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Study sets matching "biology 106"

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Study sets matching "biology 106"

31 terms
biology 106 chapter 39
animal behavior requires a capacity to…
stimulus
behavior can be influenced by what
what is a way to investigate the genet…
stimuli
environmental cue that a sensory receptor responds to
genes that affect the structure and activity of the nervous s…
by examining behavioral and genetic and genetic differences a…
animal behavior requires a capacity to…
stimuli
stimulus
environmental cue that a sensory receptor responds to
30 terms
Biology 106 Chapter 28
Four types of tissues
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
covers body surface and lines internal cavities like the gut
hold body parts together and structural support
moves the body or its parts
Four types of tissues
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
Epithelial tissue
covers body surface and lines internal cavities like the gut
46 terms
biology 106 chapter 41
habitat
community
what are the two components of species…
community structure is what
a place where a species normally lives
all species living in a habitat
-species richness... -species evenness
dynamic
habitat
a place where a species normally lives
community
all species living in a habitat
70 terms
Biology 106 Chapter 19
Virus
In some viruses
Virus
Bacteriophage
a noncellular infectious agent that consists of a protein coa…
the coat is enveloped in a bit of plasma membrane from a prev…
far smaller than any cell, no ribosomes or metabolic machinery
virus that infects bacteria
Virus
a noncellular infectious agent that consists of a protein coa…
In some viruses
the coat is enveloped in a bit of plasma membrane from a prev…
57 terms
Biology 106: Chapter 42
ecosystems
organisms; environment
nutrients
ecosystem
a community of organism together with the nonliving component…
____ and their ___ interact through a one way flow of energy…
___ taken up by producers are returned to the environment by…
a ___ runs on energy captured by primary producers
ecosystems
a community of organism together with the nonliving component…
organisms; environment
____ and their ___ interact through a one way flow of energy…
53 terms
biology 106 chapter 40
population size
plot sampling
when are estimates from plot sampling…
mark recapture sampling
the total number of individuals in a population
estimates the total number of individuals in an area based on…
when the organisms counted or not very mobile
to estimate the population size of mobile animals
population size
the total number of individuals in a population
plot sampling
estimates the total number of individuals in an area based on…
69 terms
Biology 106 Chapter 29
3 types of neurons
Sensory neurons
Interneurons
Interneurons
sensory neurons, interneurons, and motor neurons
detect internal and external stimuli and send signals to moto…
integrate information and send signals to one another or to m…
receives and sends signals to and from other neurons
3 types of neurons
sensory neurons, interneurons, and motor neurons
Sensory neurons
detect internal and external stimuli and send signals to moto…
111 terms
Biology 106 Exam 2
heart
blood vessels
cardiovascular transport
cardiovascular protection
pumps blood
contain and allow passage of blood throughout body
O2, CO2, nutrients, wastes, hormones, etc.
immune system protects cardiovascular
heart
pumps blood
blood vessels
contain and allow passage of blood throughout body
127 terms
Biology 106 Exam 3
Which animals rely on filter feeding?
What two traits allowed the arthropods…
Give some examples of tagma in Arthrop…
What is the arthropod's exoskeleton ma…
Sponges
Jointed legs and tagmentation
Head, thorax, and abdomen
Chitin
Which animals rely on filter feeding?
Sponges
What two traits allowed the arthropods…
Jointed legs and tagmentation
122 terms
Biology 106 Exam 2
Photomorphologenisis
Blue light photoreceptors
Phytochromes (red light) photoreceptors
Photoperiodism
Effects of lights on plant morphology
Control hypocotyl elongation, stomatal opening, and phototrop…
Control seed germination, tell season
Plants detecting the time of year
Photomorphologenisis
Effects of lights on plant morphology
Blue light photoreceptors
Control hypocotyl elongation, stomatal opening, and phototrop…
83 terms
Biology 106: Chapter 36
Ingestion... mechanical and chemical dige…
Ingestion
mechanical and chemical digestion
absorption
What are the four tasks in animal digestion?
taking food into digestive chamber
breaking down food into smaller components
movement of nutrient molecules from digestive chamber to the…
Ingestion... mechanical and chemical dige…
What are the four tasks in animal digestion?
Ingestion
taking food into digestive chamber
99 terms
Biology 106 Exam 1
What is a likely reason that tropical…
what are the three main tissues in a p…
which of the following roots is develo…
which statement is true...
they provide the trees with additional stability support
dermal, vascular, and ground tissue
pneumatophores
... roots gain length primarily through elongation growth
What is a likely reason that tropical…
they provide the trees with additional stability support
what are the three main tissues in a p…
dermal, vascular, and ground tissue
153 terms
Biology 106.2
protosome v. deuterostomes example
protostomes
blastopore
Deuterostomes
phylogenetic distinction
early embryonic cell division ... characteristic: spiral (not li…
the opening of the central cavity of an embryo in the early s…
found in vertebrates... early embryonic cell division... characteri…
protosome v. deuterostomes example
phylogenetic distinction
protostomes
early embryonic cell division ... characteristic: spiral (not li…
65 terms
Biology 106- Chapter 4
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Louis Pasteur
Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann
-Coined the term cell while looking at a thin slice of cork... -…
-Used lenses to look at the quality of clothing that was impo…
-Disproved spontaneous generation... -Described alcoholic fermen…
-All plants are made of cells-All animals tisses are composed…
Robert Hooke
-Coined the term cell while looking at a thin slice of cork... -…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
-Used lenses to look at the quality of clothing that was impo…
45 terms
Biology 106 exam 3
DNA
Nucleotide
Nitrogen base
Krebs cycle
Is a nucleic acid composed of nucleotides (monomers of DNA)
Nucleic acid
Sugar, phosphate group,& nitrogen base (4)
Always follows Glycolysis is oxygen is present ... 1st reaction…
DNA
Is a nucleic acid composed of nucleotides (monomers of DNA)
Nucleotide
Nucleic acid
105 terms
Biology 106 Exam 1
matter
element
atom
molecule
anything that takes up space and has mass
basic building block of matter
smallest unit of an element composed of protons
atoms of same type bonded together
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
basic building block of matter
147 terms
Biology 106- Exam 3
cell division in prokaryotes is called?
what do prokaryotes have in place of a…
difference between nucleus and nucleoid
what is mitosis
binary fission
nucleoid
nucleoid has no membrane around it
visible part of nuclear division
cell division in prokaryotes is called?
binary fission
what do prokaryotes have in place of a…
nucleoid
201 terms
Biology 106 Exam 2 14.3 - 16
Like plants, fungi have_______________…
Gametophytes are ________; sporophytes…
Flagellated sperm and a sporophyte tha…
Why are ferns considered incompletely…
cell walls... cellulose... chitin
haploid, diploid
bryophytes
Their sperm are flagellated
Like plants, fungi have_______________…
cell walls... cellulose... chitin
Gametophytes are ________; sporophytes…
haploid, diploid
249 terms
Biology 106 Midterm Terms
Analogy (Chapter 23: Evolutionary Patt…
Archeopteryx
Character
Character state
...Similarity of organisms due to reasons ... other than common…
...demonstrating close ... relationship b/n dinosaurs & ... birds
...anatomical, physiological, molecular feature... similar chara…
...variation in character
Analogy (Chapter 23: Evolutionary Patt…
...Similarity of organisms due to reasons ... other than common…
Archeopteryx
...demonstrating close ... relationship b/n dinosaurs & ... birds
131 terms
Biology 106 Lecture - Robertson CSUN
What is Evolution?
The requirements for natural selection
natural selection acts on the _______;…
(T/F) Evolution occurs in individuals
Evolution is the change in allele frequencies over time.
1. Individuals within a species are VARIABLE... 2. Variation in…
Phenotype, Genotype
FALSE.... It occurs in populations.
What is Evolution?
Evolution is the change in allele frequencies over time.
The requirements for natural selection
1. Individuals within a species are VARIABLE... 2. Variation in…
244 terms
Biology 106 Exam 2
Analogy (=Homoplasy)
Ancestor
Archeopteryx
Branch (on a phylogenetic tree)
similarity of organisms due to reasons other than common ance…
a species that gives rise to other species
demonstrating close relationship between dinosaurs and birds
when there is speciation occurring, the species "branches" of…
Analogy (=Homoplasy)
similarity of organisms due to reasons other than common ance…
Ancestor
a species that gives rise to other species
61 terms
Biology 106: Chapter 40
population
demographics
demographics
biologists
Ecological factors affect the size, density, distribution, an…
studying population ecology often involves the use of ____, w…
statistics that describe a population
___ frequently use sampling techniques to estimate population…
population
Ecological factors affect the size, density, distribution, an…
demographics
studying population ecology often involves the use of ____, w…
106 terms
Biology 106 Exam 3
Physiology
Integrative
Mechanism
Origin
The study of biological function
Looking from different levels of organization
How animal function is accomplished
How animal function resulted from evolutionary processes; sig…
Physiology
The study of biological function
Integrative
Looking from different levels of organization
143 terms
Biology 106 Exam 2
free energy
change in free energy predicts...
more free energy=
less free energy=
-portion of the system's energy that can perform work... -measur…
if a process is spontaneous
less stable, greater work capacity
more stable, less work capacity
free energy
-portion of the system's energy that can perform work... -measur…
change in free energy predicts...
if a process is spontaneous
180 terms
Biology 106 Exam 2
free energy
change in free energy predicts...
more free energy=
less free energy=
-portion of the system's energy that can perform work... -measur…
if a process is spontaneous
less stable, greater work capacity
more stable, less work capacity
free energy
-portion of the system's energy that can perform work... -measur…
change in free energy predicts...
if a process is spontaneous
94 terms
Biology 106 Final
characteristics common to animals
introduction to animal diversity
advantages of life in the ocean
disadvantages of life in the oceans
heterotrophic, multicellular, specialized cells for specific…
first appeared in fossil record ~ 540 million years ago (prec…
relatively stable temperatures- regulates homeostasis, provid…
water movements e.g. currents- takes you to different environ…
characteristics common to animals
heterotrophic, multicellular, specialized cells for specific…
introduction to animal diversity
first appeared in fossil record ~ 540 million years ago (prec…
86 terms
Biology 106 ch. 18
Animals are diverse and characterized…
Evolution of animals is marked by 5 ke…
Coelom
Porifera phylum
- heterotrophs... -multicellular and lack of cell walls... - move f…
- evolution of tissue... - evolution of bilateral symmetry ... - ev…
Fluid filled cavity between intestines and body wall of some…
Parazoan; no symmetry
Animals are diverse and characterized…
- heterotrophs... -multicellular and lack of cell walls... - move f…
Evolution of animals is marked by 5 ke…
- evolution of tissue... - evolution of bilateral symmetry ... - ev…
27 terms
Biology 106 Exam 1
Flower structure
Diploid
Haploid
Life cycle
Receptacle, sepal, petals, stamen, anther, carpel, style, ovary
Two copies of genetic info
One copy of genetic info
Haploid fuse together form diploid zygote, develop into embry…
Flower structure
Receptacle, sepal, petals, stamen, anther, carpel, style, ovary
Diploid
Two copies of genetic info
78 terms
Biology 106 - Exam 2
Decreasing the saturation of the fatty…
You have just discovered an organism t…
Importance of nuclear pore... What canno…
Which molecules do NOT normally cross…
more fluid bilayers... Satur - as many H+ as possible... Degrees o…
more unsaturated hydrocarbon tails... more double bonding or cy…
restrict the passage of some proteins/compounds but allow som…
DNA! it stays in the nucleus
Decreasing the saturation of the fatty…
more fluid bilayers... Satur - as many H+ as possible... Degrees o…
You have just discovered an organism t…
more unsaturated hydrocarbon tails... more double bonding or cy…
22 terms
Biology 106: Animal Diversity.
White sharks
Body symmetry
Phylum Porifera
Choanocytes
jaws-->Evolved from jawless fishes like Lamprey... White shark j…
radial- 4 ways ... bilateral - 2way
Sponges; colony of flagella cells (choanocytes), porocytes on…
...
White sharks
jaws-->Evolved from jawless fishes like Lamprey... White shark j…
Body symmetry
radial- 4 ways ... bilateral - 2way
50 terms
Biology 106: Chapter 41
community
diversity
species richness... species evenness
species richness
the type of place a species normally live is its habitat, and…
communities differ in their species ____
what are two components of species diversity?
number of species
community
the type of place a species normally live is its habitat, and…
diversity
communities differ in their species ____
143 terms
Biology 106 Exam 2
free energy
change in free energy predicts...
more free energy=
less free energy=
-portion of the system's energy that can perform work... -measur…
if a process is spontaneous
less stable, greater work capacity
more stable, less work capacity
free energy
-portion of the system's energy that can perform work... -measur…
change in free energy predicts...
if a process is spontaneous
38 terms
Biology 106 Exam 4
annelid
animals ingest food
lancelet
molluscs
The segmented body of the worm below suggests that it is an
which of these defining characteristics of animals distinguis…
a __________ is an example of a chordate that is not a verteb…
annelids are most closely related to ___________
annelid
The segmented body of the worm below suggests that it is an
animals ingest food
which of these defining characteristics of animals distinguis…
63 terms
Biology 106: Chapter 35
Respiration
Respiratory Surface
Plasma Membrane
Respiratory Organs
physiological process by which an animal body supplies cells…
Gases enter and leave an animal body by diffusing across a th…
a second exchange of gases occurs internally at the ______ __…
are typically large to allow more molecules to cross; branche…
Respiration
physiological process by which an animal body supplies cells…
Respiratory Surface
Gases enter and leave an animal body by diffusing across a th…
94 terms
Biology 106 Test 3
same as coronal plane
H +
the outermost electrons of the reactants
the nucleus
frontal plane
this ion is the same thing as a protein
chemical reactions only involve
usually the largest and most dense organelle in a cell is
same as coronal plane
frontal plane
H +
this ion is the same thing as a protein
64 terms
Biology 106 Final
scientific theory
biological principle
five steps of the scientific method
two characteristics of lipids
hypothesis validated by different investigations
repeatedly verified and has wide applications in biology
1.observe phenomenon... 2.state hypothesis... 3.collect data... 4.anal…
1.not soluble in water... 2.lighter than water --floats
scientific theory
hypothesis validated by different investigations
biological principle
repeatedly verified and has wide applications in biology
141 terms
Biology 106 Final Exam
Chemical signals
Pheromone
Periplanone
Vomeronasal organ
involves highly specific receptor/signal binding
-signal outside of an organism... -small/often volatile chemical…
emitted by female American cockroaches
used for chemical sensing in animals (present in humans)
Chemical signals
involves highly specific receptor/signal binding
Pheromone
-signal outside of an organism... -small/often volatile chemical…
229 terms
Biology 106: Membranes
Membrane Structure
Why is the bilayer important?
Fluid Mosaic Model
4 Components of Cellular Membrane
- Phospholipids arranged in a bilayer... - Globular proteins ins…
- It tells what type of things will go in and out of cell... - 2…
- Mosaic of proteins floats in or on the fluid lipid bilayer…
1) Phospholipid bilayer... 2) Transmembrane... 3) Interior protein…
Membrane Structure
- Phospholipids arranged in a bilayer... - Globular proteins ins…
Why is the bilayer important?
- It tells what type of things will go in and out of cell... - 2…
76 terms
Biology 106 Exam 3
What is Moore's Law?
What are examples of things that have…
What is the Challenger Expedition?
What is Neptune Canada?
The processor power will double every two years; such as memo…
-Manual VS automated DNA sequencing... - GridiON human genome in…
It was the brith of oceanography
Internet based marine observatory
What is Moore's Law?
The processor power will double every two years; such as memo…
What are examples of things that have…
-Manual VS automated DNA sequencing... - GridiON human genome in…
82 terms
Biology 106 EXAM
Cell Cycle
Interphase and Mitosis
Interphase
G1, S, and G2
alternating growth and reproduction of cells
The cell cycle is divided into two parts:
the first and longest phase of the cell cycle
Interphase is divided into three stages:
Cell Cycle
alternating growth and reproduction of cells
Interphase and Mitosis
The cell cycle is divided into two parts:
60 terms
Biology 106, Ch.1
cells
tissues
organs
organ systems
The smallest unit of life, contained in a membrane or cell wa…
A cohesive group of similar cells performing a specific funct…
A structure composed of more than one tissue having one or mo…
A group of organs that per form a broad biological function,…
cells
The smallest unit of life, contained in a membrane or cell wa…
tissues
A cohesive group of similar cells performing a specific funct…
43 terms
Biology 106 Chapter 5
cholesterol
extracellular matrix (ECM)
extracellular matrix (ECM)
fluid mosaic model
the plasma membrane is a phospholipid bilayer with embedded p…
integral proteins are usually found in the membrane and are h…
only found in animals... supports the plasma membrane and commun…
describes the plasma membrane ... fluid component refers to the…
cholesterol
the plasma membrane is a phospholipid bilayer with embedded p…
extracellular matrix (ECM)
integral proteins are usually found in the membrane and are h…
60 terms
Biology 106: Test Two
What does the plasma membrane consist…
What are the functions of the plasma m…
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
A phospholipid bilayer and proteins.
Isolation, regulation, and communication.
The inside space of the cell and where organelles are located.
The protein makers.
What does the plasma membrane consist…
A phospholipid bilayer and proteins.
What are the functions of the plasma m…
Isolation, regulation, and communication.
49 terms
Biology 106 Exam 1
The BEST method to report the weight o…
Independent Variable
A control group of an experiment is im…
Function of plant roots
Average of all weight recorded
what the investigator varies in the experiment
it prevents the dependent variable from being altered by othe…
water uptake, mineral uptake, anchoring the plant and storage
The BEST method to report the weight o…
Average of all weight recorded
Independent Variable
what the investigator varies in the experiment
150 terms
Biology 106 exam 1
Plant cells differ from animal cells i…
What is a monocot
Eudicots
Three basic organs evolved in plants
Cell wall... Chloroplasts ... Vacuole
Grasses, lillies (one blade)
Apples, violets (more than one blade)
Roots... Leaves ... Stems
Plant cells differ from animal cells i…
Cell wall... Chloroplasts ... Vacuole
What is a monocot
Grasses, lillies (one blade)
103 terms
WSU Biology 106 Exam One
The Biological Species Concept
Morphological Species Concept
Ecological Species Concept
Phylogenetic Species Concept
Ernst Mayr-... Group of populations that have the ability to int…
Characterizes a species by body shape and structural features.
Sum of how members interact with the living and non-living en…
The smallest group of individuals that share common ancestry
The Biological Species Concept
Ernst Mayr-... Group of populations that have the ability to int…
Morphological Species Concept
Characterizes a species by body shape and structural features.
15 terms
Prefix 106-120 Biology
Oma
Ophth
Phenol
Pino
Tumor of swelling
Eye
To show
To drink
Oma
Tumor of swelling
Ophth
Eye
28 terms
Biology 106: Chapters 42, 31
Homeostasis:
Tissues, Organs, and Organ System
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Maintaining the internal environment... The internal environment…
Cells with a similar structure and function make up a tissue…
Lining, transport, secretion, absorption... Epithelial tissues a…
Connective tissues support and reinforce other tissues... They g…
Homeostasis:
Maintaining the internal environment... The internal environment…
Tissues, Organs, and Organ System
Cells with a similar structure and function make up a tissue…
5 terms
Biology 106 - Robertson
What is Model Organism ?
What is linnaean Classification ?
Why not linnaean Classification ?
What is a clade ? ( In Taxonomy)
A model organism is a non-human species that is extensively s…
A hierarchical way to organize living things. In biology, pla…
Although linnaean Classification is hierarchical, it doesn't…
a monophyletic group; a group of organisms (usually species)…
What is Model Organism ?
A model organism is a non-human species that is extensively s…
What is linnaean Classification ?
A hierarchical way to organize living things. In biology, pla…
53 terms
Biology 106 Exam #2
Byrophytes
Antheridia
Archegonia
microphylls
non-vascular plants
Male gametophyte
Female gametophyte
leaves with a single vein
Byrophytes
non-vascular plants
Antheridia
Male gametophyte
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