Study sets matching "biology 11 folsom"

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Study sets matching "biology 11 folsom"

30 terms
Vocab Folsom English 11
Tantamount
Virulent
Aesthetic
Beguile
Equivalent in effect of value
Hostile, bitter
Pertaining to art or beauty
Charm, mislead, or delude
Tantamount
Equivalent in effect of value
Virulent
Hostile, bitter
12 terms
Dr. Rowland Chapter 11 Folsom High School
Great Famine
Black Death
flagellants
Hundred Years' war
The result of four years of potato crop failure in the late 1…
Plague that first struck Europe in 1347 and killed perhaps on…
People who believed that the plague was God's punishment for…
A war between England and France from 1337 to 1453 with polit…
Great Famine
The result of four years of potato crop failure in the late 1…
Black Death
Plague that first struck Europe in 1347 and killed perhaps on…
200 terms
Biology 11
DNA
replication
nucleotides
RNA
Deoxyriboneucleic acid found mainly in the nucleus
double the chromosomes
neuclic acid base pairs
receives instructions from DNA
DNA
Deoxyriboneucleic acid found mainly in the nucleus
replication
double the chromosomes
10 terms
Biology 11: Protists
flagellum
decomposer
protist
protozoan
a long, whip-like structure that helps a cell move.
an organism that gets energy by breaking down wastes and dead…
a eukaryotic organism that cannot be classified as an animal,…
a unicellular, animal-like protist.
flagellum
a long, whip-like structure that helps a cell move.
decomposer
an organism that gets energy by breaking down wastes and dead…
28 terms
Biology 11 Conifers and Ferns
Pinus contorta
Abies amabilis
Picea glauca
Picea mariana
Lodgepole pine
Balsam fir
White spruce
Black spruce
Pinus contorta
Lodgepole pine
Abies amabilis
Balsam fir
302 terms
Biology 11
evolution
gene pool
allele
mutation
A change in the gene pool or a species over time
All of the alleles in all the individuals that make up a popu…
An alternative form of a gene.
A change in the order of the bases in an organism's DNA; dele…
evolution
A change in the gene pool or a species over time
gene pool
All of the alleles in all the individuals that make up a popu…
Biology 11
Gene pool
Allele frequency
Normal distribution
Microevolution
Collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a po…
Proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for t…
Distribution in a population in which allele frequency is hig…
Observable change in the alleles frequencies of a population…
Gene pool
Collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a po…
Allele frequency
Proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for t…
17 terms
Biology 11
signal transduction pathway
hormones
ligand
GPCR
A series of steps linking a mechanical or chemical stimulus t…
Chemical messengers that are manufactured by the endocrine gl…
A molecule that binds specifically to a receptor site of anot…
signal receptor protein in the plasma membrane that responds…
signal transduction pathway
A series of steps linking a mechanical or chemical stimulus t…
hormones
Chemical messengers that are manufactured by the endocrine gl…
Chapter 11.1-11.3 Biology Vocabulary
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits (c…
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
35 terms
Cells and Microscopes 11 Biology
cells
micrometre
unicellular
multicellular
Basic living units of all organisms
Units of measurement - one thousandth of a millimetre
Made of a single cell.
Made up of more than one cell.
cells
Basic living units of all organisms
micrometre
Units of measurement - one thousandth of a millimetre
37 terms
Biology chapters 10 & 11
Beneficial uses of bacteria
The difference between Archaebacteria…
Structuresof bacterium
In industry Bacteria are used when making cheese, yogurt, Sil…
The structure of the cell wall. The Archaebacteria cell walls…
Flagellum, capsule, ribosomes in cytoplasm, nucleotide region…
Beneficial uses of bacteria
In industry Bacteria are used when making cheese, yogurt, Sil…
The difference between Archaebacteria…
The structure of the cell wall. The Archaebacteria cell walls…
54 terms
Plants - Grade 11 Biology
Vascular Plants
Angiospermae
Monocot
Dicot
- contain conducting tissues to transport materials... - can gro…
Division (or phylum) of plants that produce flowers as part o…
- vascular bundles are scattered throughout the stem... - produc…
- vascular bundles in a ring pattern in the stem... - produce tw…
Vascular Plants
- contain conducting tissues to transport materials... - can gro…
Angiospermae
Division (or phylum) of plants that produce flowers as part o…
7 terms
Biology 11.4
Homologous
Diploid
Haploid
Meiosis
features that are similar in structure but appear in differen…
an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice t…
an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
Homologous
features that are similar in structure but appear in differen…
Diploid
an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice t…
58 terms
Biology 11 Evolution
Evolution
Theory
Fossil
Artificial selection
1. All species share a common ancestor... 2. Species have change…
A well supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
The preserved remains of ancient organisms
selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
Evolution
1. All species share a common ancestor... 2. Species have change…
Theory
A well supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
44 terms
Biology 11 Bacteria and Viruses
prokaryote
eubacteria
archaebacteria
bacillus
->unicellular organisms that lack a nucleus... ->most are hetero…
->larger of the two kingdoms of prokaryotes... ->variety of orga…
->small, lack nuclei, have cell walls... ->chemically different…
rod-shaped prokaryotes
prokaryote
->unicellular organisms that lack a nucleus... ->most are hetero…
eubacteria
->larger of the two kingdoms of prokaryotes... ->variety of orga…
Biology 11 Evolution
Evolution
Theory
Fossil
Artificial selection
1. All species share a common ancestor... 2. Species have change…
A well supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
The preserved remains of ancient organisms
selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
Evolution
1. All species share a common ancestor... 2. Species have change…
Theory
A well supported testable explanation of phenomena that have…
10 terms
Year 11 Biology
photosynthesis
Diffusion
Cellulose cell wall
Nucleus
Green plants making food using light energy
Particles moving from a region of high concentration to a reg…
Surrounds plant cells and makes them rigid
Controls cell functions and contains genetic information
photosynthesis
Green plants making food using light energy
Diffusion
Particles moving from a region of high concentration to a reg…
Biology 11.11.15
Chromosome
Gene
Gene Locus
Alleles
The stacking of histones; DNA + associated protein
Segment of DNA that codes for proteins
Location of a gene on the chromosome
Genes that have alternative states
Chromosome
The stacking of histones; DNA + associated protein
Gene
Segment of DNA that codes for proteins
Biology 11
Genetics
Fertilization
Hybrids
Alleles
the scientific study of heredity
produces a new cell
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
the different forms of a gene
Genetics
the scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
produces a new cell
19 terms
Biology Week 11 Chapter 14
motility
pseudopod
cilia
Protist
ability to move
false feet, used for movement
used for movement, similar to flagella except they are shorte…
simplest eukaryotes, not animals, plants or fungi
motility
ability to move
pseudopod
false feet, used for movement
27 terms
Biology 11: Taxonomy & Classification
Archaea
Bacteria
Binomial nomenclature
Cladistics
being genetically distinct from bacteria and often living in…
microscopic living organisms, usually one-celled, that can be…
a system of nomenclature in which each species of animal or p…
a system of biological taxonomy that defines taxa uniquely by…
Archaea
being genetically distinct from bacteria and often living in…
Bacteria
microscopic living organisms, usually one-celled, that can be…
Chapter 11.1-11.3 Biology Vocabulary
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits (c…
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
82 terms
Biology 11
spontaneous generation
Aboigensis
conducted the first experiment that di…
the independent variable in Francesco…
the hypothesis that life arises from non-life
the idea that life on earth arose from inorganic compounds th…
Francesco Redi
the cheese cloth
spontaneous generation
the hypothesis that life arises from non-life
Aboigensis
the idea that life on earth arose from inorganic compounds th…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 11
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristic of an individual
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
5 terms
Biology 11
Niche
Nitrogen cycle
Nutrients
Organism
The position of a species or population in its ecosystem. A s…
The biogeochemical cycle that describes the transformations o…
A food or chemicals that an organism needs to live and grow,…
A living thing such as an animal, plant, fungus, or microorga…
Niche
The position of a species or population in its ecosystem. A s…
Nitrogen cycle
The biogeochemical cycle that describes the transformations o…
115 terms
Biology 11
evolution
gene pool
allele
mutation
A change in the gene pool or a species over time
All of the alleles in all the individuals that make up a popu…
An alternative form of a gene.
A change in the order of the bases in an organism's DNA; dele…
evolution
A change in the gene pool or a species over time
gene pool
All of the alleles in all the individuals that make up a popu…
17 terms
Biology 11: Evolution
DNA - Deoxyribonucleic Acid
evolutionary change
mutation
natural selection
A nucleic acid composed of four nitrogenous bases--adenine, t…
A theory where organisms undergo gradual change over time to…
A permanent change in the DNA
The process nature determines those individuals that are bett…
DNA - Deoxyribonucleic Acid
A nucleic acid composed of four nitrogenous bases--adenine, t…
evolutionary change
A theory where organisms undergo gradual change over time to…
16 terms
Biology 11
Skeletal/Cardiac/Smooth... Striated or n…
There are three main types of muscle:…
The sarcomere is the basic contractile…
Sarcomeres attach end-to-end to become…
○ Skeletal muscle is involved in support and movement, propul…
○ Sarcomeres are made of thick (myosin) and thin (actin) lame…
○ Myofibrils are surrounded by the sarcoplasmic reticulum, a…
Skeletal/Cardiac/Smooth... Striated or n…
There are three main types of muscle:…
○ Skeletal muscle is involved in support and movement, propul…
33 terms
Biology 11
Haploid
Diploid
Gamete
Zygote
A cell with half the chromosomes (DNA) eg. a sperm or egg
A cell with the full amount of chromosomes eg. a body cell
The cell containing only half the DNA (in plants gametophytes…
To gametes fused together. (sperm and egg fuse)
Haploid
A cell with half the chromosomes (DNA) eg. a sperm or egg
Diploid
A cell with the full amount of chromosomes eg. a body cell
Biology 11
grow, food, reproduce, dormant
Protects, hosts, sticking
host, replicate, lysis
mitosis, burst
What makes a virus non-living?... - They can't _____, make _____…
The components of a virus are:... Capsid, DNA, Sheath (neck), Ta…
Explain the process of the lytic infections: ... - A Virus attac…
Explain the process of the lysogenic infections:... - A virus in…
grow, food, reproduce, dormant
What makes a virus non-living?... - They can't _____, make _____…
Protects, hosts, sticking
The components of a virus are:... Capsid, DNA, Sheath (neck), Ta…
7 terms
Biology 11
Melan
Mening
mesa
meta
Black
membrane
middle
after, behind
Melan
Black
Mening
membrane
35 terms
Biology 11: Animal Kingdom
characteristics of animals
sessile
tissue
radial symmetry
eat other organisms, move, multicellular
organisms that are fastened into place
a group of cells that preform the same function
cut an organism into equal pieces that all go through the cen…
characteristics of animals
eat other organisms, move, multicellular
sessile
organisms that are fastened into place
21 terms
Biology 11.1-11.3
phenotype
genotype
probability
genetics
physical characteristic of an organism (traits)
genetic makeup of an organism
the likelihood that a particular even will occur
the scientific study of heredity
phenotype
physical characteristic of an organism (traits)
genotype
genetic makeup of an organism
40 terms
Biology 11
Fertilization
True- breeding
Trait
Hybrids
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Pure or containing the same alleles and will produce identica…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different pure bree…
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
True- breeding
Pure or containing the same alleles and will produce identica…
63 terms
biology 11
if an organism has two parents that un…
what are chromosomes made up of?
what are the carries of genes?
where are the genes located?
-first an organism with two parents must inherit a single cop…
strands of DNA and protein
chromosomes
in specific posistions on chromosomes
if an organism has two parents that un…
-first an organism with two parents must inherit a single cop…
what are chromosomes made up of?
strands of DNA and protein
Biology 11
Anticodon
DNA
RNA
Translation
a sequence of three nucleotides forming a unit of genetic cod…
Deoxyribonucleic acid. Carries genetic material. Double helix…
Ribonucleic acid. It's role is to act as a messenger carrying…
A step in protein biosynthesis wherein the genetic code carri…
Anticodon
a sequence of three nucleotides forming a unit of genetic cod…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. Carries genetic material. Double helix…
13 terms
Biology 11
Carrier
Pedigree
Incomplete Dominance
Codominance
A person whose genotype includes a gene that is not expressed…
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in sev…
A pattern of inheritance in which two alleles, inherited from…
A condition in which neither of two alleles of a gene is domi…
Carrier
A person whose genotype includes a gene that is not expressed…
Pedigree
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in sev…
27 terms
Biology 11/11/16
allele
Autosome
codominance
dominant
alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
complex inheritance pattern that occurs when neither allele i…
Mendel's name for a specific trait that appears in the F1 Gen…
allele
alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Autosome
chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
13 terms
Evolution - Biology May 11
mutation
adaptation
Charles Darwin
vestigial structures
change in DNA that can cause variations
inherited trait that becomes common because it gives a surviv…
his theory of natural selection is supported by evidence
structures that are reduced in size and no longer functional;…
mutation
change in DNA that can cause variations
adaptation
inherited trait that becomes common because it gives a surviv…
165 terms
Biology 11
Allele
Anaphase
Asexual reproduction
Autosome
One of several alternative forms of a particular gene
In mitosis, the stage in which the sister chromotids of each…
Reproduction that does not involve the fusion of haploid sex…
Chromosome that occurs in homologous pairs in both males and…
Allele
One of several alternative forms of a particular gene
Anaphase
In mitosis, the stage in which the sister chromotids of each…
biology 11
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
the scientific study of heredity
During sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
meaning that if they were allowed to self-pollinate, they wou…
a specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height…
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
fertilization
During sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
Biology #11
Facilitated Diffusion
Osmosis
Dynamic Equilibrium
Exocytosis
Passive transport of ions and small molecules across the plas…
Diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane.
Condition of continuous, random movement of particles but no…
Energy-requiring process by which a cell expels wastes and se…
Facilitated Diffusion
Passive transport of ions and small molecules across the plas…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane.
Biology 11: Viruses & Bacteria
Why isn't a virus considered a living…
What are viruses named after?
Who invented gram staining and worked…
lysis
-they don't grow or respond to stimuli... -cannot carry out resp…
-organ they infect... -disease they cause... -named as T1 T2 to sho…
Hans Christian Gram
Cell bursting.
Why isn't a virus considered a living…
-they don't grow or respond to stimuli... -cannot carry out resp…
What are viruses named after?
-organ they infect... -disease they cause... -named as T1 T2 to sho…
55 terms
Biology 11
How did Watson/ Crick propose that DNA…
How did Meselson and Stahl prove that…
What does it mean to say DNA replicati…
You have identified a new virus with a…
Semi conservative model... each "old" strand used as a template…
They grew bacteria on a heavy Nitrogen Isotope (15N)to differ…
DNA strands split when being replicated, and each gets a new…
the first strand... equivalent amounts means that it is double s…
How did Watson/ Crick propose that DNA…
Semi conservative model... each "old" strand used as a template…
How did Meselson and Stahl prove that…
They grew bacteria on a heavy Nitrogen Isotope (15N)to differ…
43 terms
Biology 11
Genetics
Trait
Hybrid
Fertilization
Scienitific study of heredity
Specific characteristic of an individual
Offspring that crosses between parents with different traits
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Genetics
Scienitific study of heredity
Trait
Specific characteristic of an individual
13 terms
Biology 11: The Musculoskeletal System
Skeletal muscle
Smooth muscle
Cardiac muscle
Types of muscle summary
Voluntary movement... Arranged into sarcomeres consisting of ac…
Involuntary... Myogenic activity
Involuntary... Appears striated... Cardiac cells connected via in…
Skeletal muscle
Voluntary movement... Arranged into sarcomeres consisting of ac…
Smooth muscle
Involuntary... Myogenic activity
Biology 11
Gamates
Zygote
Diploid
Haploid
Organisims reproduction cell sperms egg cells
Fusion of gamates
Two sets of chromosomes
Ome set of chromosomes
Gamates
Organisims reproduction cell sperms egg cells
Zygote
Fusion of gamates
16 terms
Lugo Biology 11.1-11.2
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
20 terms
Biology 11
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
virus that infects bacteria
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
90 terms
Biology 11
trisomy
non-disjunction
autosomes
turner syndrome
A genetic condition of having three chromosomes instead of tw…
failure of chromosomes to separate during mitosis
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
only one x chromosome and no y
trisomy
A genetic condition of having three chromosomes instead of tw…
non-disjunction
failure of chromosomes to separate during mitosis
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