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Study sets matching "biology 1107k"

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Study sets matching "biology 1107k"

34 terms
Chapter 20 Biology 1107K
DNA Technology
Nucleic Acid Hybridization
Genetic Engineering
DNA Sequencing
main techniques for sequencing and manipulating DNA, and anal…
the base pairing of one strand of a nucleic acid to the compl…
the direct manipulation of genes for practical purposes.
researchers can exploit the principle of complementary base p…
DNA Technology
main techniques for sequencing and manipulating DNA, and anal…
Nucleic Acid Hybridization
the base pairing of one strand of a nucleic acid to the compl…
12 terms
biology 1107k
Osmosis
Active Transport
Carrier Protein
...
...
...
Osmosis
...
Active Transport
...
18 terms
Biology 1107K
Morphological Species Concept
Ecological Species Concept
Phylogenetic
Biological Species Concept
based on physical similarities and differences
based on ecological niche
smallest group with a common ancestor
populations can breed and produce fertile offspring
Morphological Species Concept
based on physical similarities and differences
Ecological Species Concept
based on ecological niche
32 terms
Chapter 8 Biology 1107k
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic Pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions.
begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
breakdown pathways. ... ex.) cellular respiration
consume energy to build complicated molecules from simpler on…
Metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions.
Metabolic Pathway
begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
34 terms
Chapter 14 Biology 1107k
Character
Trait
Hybridization
P Generation
a heritable feature that varies among individuals, such as fl…
each variant for a character, such as purple or white for flo…
This mating, or crossing, of two true-breeding varieties.
the true-breeding parents.
Character
a heritable feature that varies among individuals, such as fl…
Trait
each variant for a character, such as purple or white for flo…
23 terms
Chapter 16 Biology 1107k
DNA Replication
Transformation
Virus
Semiconservative Model
the process by which a DNA molecule is copied.
a change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of…
a little more than DNA (sometimes RNA) enclosed by a protecti…
DNA Replication
the process by which a DNA molecule is copied.
Transformation
a change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of…
20 terms
Chapter 13 Biology 1107k
Heredity (Inheritance)
Genetics
Genes
Gametes
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next.
scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation
parents endow their offspring with coded information in the f…
in animals and plants, reproductive cells that are the vehicl…
Heredity (Inheritance)
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next.
Genetics
scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation
38 terms
Chapter 10 Biology 1107K
Photosynthesis
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Mesophyll
photosynthetic organisms capture light energy -> chemical ene…
"self feeders", they sustain themselves without eating anythi…
obtain organic material by the second major mode of nutrition.
the tissue in the interior of the leaf. Chloroplasts are foun…
Photosynthesis
photosynthetic organisms capture light energy -> chemical ene…
Autotrophs
"self feeders", they sustain themselves without eating anythi…
35 terms
Chapter 12 Biology 1107k
Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Genome
Chromosomes
the continuity of life.
the life of the cell from the time it is first formed during…
a cell's endowment of DNA, its genetic information.
structures where DNA molecules are packaged, they take up cer…
Cell Division
the continuity of life.
Cell Cycle
the life of the cell from the time it is first formed during…
26 terms
Chapter 17 Biology 1107k
Gene Expression
Transcription
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Translation
is the process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins…
is the synthesis of RNA using information in the DNA.
i carries a genetic message from the DNA to the protein-synth…
is the synthesis of a polypeptide using the information in th…
Gene Expression
is the process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins…
Transcription
is the synthesis of RNA using information in the DNA.
110 terms
Biology 1107k: test 1
What is the fundamental organizing pro…
___ is the scientific study of life an…
How is something recognized as living?
What are the 7 things that classify so…
Evolution
Biology
By what living things do
Order, adaptation, regulation, energy processing, growth/deve…
What is the fundamental organizing pro…
Evolution
___ is the scientific study of life an…
Biology
25 terms
Chapter 15 Biology 1107K
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
Wild Type
Sex-Linked Gene
Y-Linked Genes
Mendelian genes have specific loci (positions) along chromoso…
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in natur…
a gene located on the either sex chromosome.
those located on Y chromosome.
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
Mendelian genes have specific loci (positions) along chromoso…
Wild Type
the phenotype for a character most commonly observed in natur…
20 terms
Chapter 9 Biology 1107k
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Reducing Agent
is a partial degradation of sugars or other organic fuel that…
most efficient catabolic pathway, in which oxygen is consumed…
includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes.
the electron donor.
Fermentation
is a partial degradation of sugars or other organic fuel that…
Aerobic Respiration
most efficient catabolic pathway, in which oxygen is consumed…
52 terms
Biology 1107K Test 1
Element
Compound
How many elements total?
How many elements are you essential to…
Is a substance that cannot be broken down to other sunstances…
Is a substance consisting of two or more elements in a fixed…
92
25 of the 92
Element
Is a substance that cannot be broken down to other sunstances…
Compound
Is a substance consisting of two or more elements in a fixed…
81 terms
Biology 1107K The Cell
cell
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
basic features of all cells
simplest collection of matter that can exist
domains bacteria and archea
protist, fungi, animals and plants
- plasma membrane... - semifluid substance, cytosol... - chromosome…
cell
simplest collection of matter that can exist
prokaryotic
domains bacteria and archea
61 terms
Biology 1107k Exam 3
Exergonic
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
The breakdown of organic molecules; releases energy; cataboli…
is a partial degradation of sugars without the presence of 02…
Consumes organic molecules and 02 and yields ATP.
Consumes organic molecules w/o 02 and yields ATP.
Exergonic
The breakdown of organic molecules; releases energy; cataboli…
Fermentation
is a partial degradation of sugars without the presence of 02…
167 terms
Biology 1107K Test 2
A plasma membranes functions are as fo…
Who made the fluid mosaic model? When?
What is the fluid mosaic model?
The membrane fabric is composed of a l…
Cells, organelles.... Enters, exits.... External signals, initiatin…
Singer and Nickelson. 1972.
Describes the structure of the plasma membrane as a mosaic of…
Phospholipid.
A plasma membranes functions are as fo…
Cells, organelles.... Enters, exits.... External signals, initiatin…
Who made the fluid mosaic model? When?
Singer and Nickelson. 1972.
115 terms
Biology 1107K Test #3
What structure are DNA molecules packa…
What are the three reasons why cells u…
What are the four phases of cell cycle?
What are there of the four phases cate…
Chromosomes
Development from a zygote... Growth... Repair... (Maintenance)
G1... S... G2... M
Interphase
What structure are DNA molecules packa…
Chromosomes
What are the three reasons why cells u…
Development from a zygote... Growth... Repair... (Maintenance)
58 terms
Biology 1107K Exam 4
DNA
Adenine=Thymine
Guanine=Cytosine
Antiparallel
-Deoxyribosenucleic Acid... -double stranded... -Bases:... Purines=Py…
A and T are linked together by 2 hydrogen bonds.
G and C are linked together by 3 hydrogen bonds.
5th carbon goes in one direction on one strand and the opposi…
DNA
-Deoxyribosenucleic Acid... -double stranded... -Bases:... Purines=Py…
Adenine=Thymine
A and T are linked together by 2 hydrogen bonds.
17 terms
Chapter 8 Biology 1107k
where are chloroplasts found?
what is the green pigment withing chlo…
How do gas exit and enter the cell?
Thylakoid
mesophyll which contains 30-40 chlorplasts
chlorophyll
thru the stomata
internal membrane arranged in flattened sacs which contain cl…
where are chloroplasts found?
mesophyll which contains 30-40 chlorplasts
what is the green pigment withing chlo…
chlorophyll
24 terms
Vocab 2 Biology 1107K
Cell Theory
Magnification
Resolution
Contrast
all made up of cells, structural & functional, pre-exist bc o…
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
the measure of the clarity of the image, or the minimum dista…
visible differences in parts of the sample
Cell Theory
all made up of cells, structural & functional, pre-exist bc o…
Magnification
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
6 terms
Biology 1107K Exam 5
Who published a theory of inheritance…
When was meiosis observed?
How did Mendel force cross pollination?
What did Mendel focus on?
Gregor Mendel
By 1900
by transferring pollen from one plant to the stigma of anothe…
7 characters of pea, each with 2 contrasting traits.
Who published a theory of inheritance…
Gregor Mendel
When was meiosis observed?
By 1900
62 terms
Vocab 1 Biology 1107K
Biology
Hypothesis
Theory
Deductive Reasoning
study of life
tentative answer to a well framed question, lead to predictio…
broader in scope than a hypo, can lead to new testable hypo,…
uses general premises to make specific predictions
Biology
study of life
Hypothesis
tentative answer to a well framed question, lead to predictio…
28 terms
Biology 1107k chapter 13
Fertilization
Zygote
Meiosis
Alternation of generations
The union of gametes, culminating in fusion of their nuclei
The resulting fertilized egg
The process that results in the formation of gametes
includes diploid and haploid stages that are multicellular; e…
Fertilization
The union of gametes, culminating in fusion of their nuclei
Zygote
The resulting fertilized egg
49 terms
Biology 1107k Chapter 6
kinetic energy
potential energy
in biology, most energy is stored ____
heat energy is measured in
energy of motion
stored energy
chemically
kilocalories
kinetic energy
energy of motion
potential energy
stored energy
26 terms
Biology 1107k Chapter 12
Cell division
Cell cycle
Genome
Chromosomes
The process by which cells reproduce
The life of a cell from the time it is first formed from the…
A cell's endowment of DNA
The replication of and distribution of DNA is manageable due…
Cell division
The process by which cells reproduce
Cell cycle
The life of a cell from the time it is first formed from the…
36 terms
Biology 1107k Chapter 14
Blending hypothesis
Particulate hypothesis
Gregor Mendel
Character
During the 1800s, the most widely-accepted explanation for th…
An alternative hypothesis, states that parents pass on discre…
Who documented the particulate mechanism for inheritance usin…
A heritable feature that varies between individuals
Blending hypothesis
During the 1800s, the most widely-accepted explanation for th…
Particulate hypothesis
An alternative hypothesis, states that parents pass on discre…
39 terms
Biology 1107K Test 1
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Essential elements
Trace elements
Cell without a nucleus or other membrane-enclosed organelles
Cell containing membrane enclosed organelles and a nucleus
elements that are essential to life
elements required by organisms in only minute quantities
Prokaryotic cell
Cell without a nucleus or other membrane-enclosed organelles
Eukaryotic cell
Cell containing membrane enclosed organelles and a nucleus
37 terms
Biology 1107k Exam 4
gene
locus
genome
chromosome
basic unit of heredity; codes for a specific trait
the specific location of a gene on a chromosome
the total hereditary endowment of DNA of a cell or organism;…
composed of DNA and Proteins
gene
basic unit of heredity; codes for a specific trait
locus
the specific location of a gene on a chromosome
44 terms
Biology 1107K Exam 1
electrons, neutrons, protons
orbitals
Covalent bond
Ionic bond
The three elements of an atom (in alphabetic order [a, b, c])
The region of space that electrons occupy
A bond wherein the elements share their electrons EQUALLY
A bond wherein one element is so much more electronegative th…
electrons, neutrons, protons
The three elements of an atom (in alphabetic order [a, b, c])
orbitals
The region of space that electrons occupy
103 terms
Biology 1107K Exam 1 Review
Biology
Evolution
Organization
Biosphere
Posing questions about the natural world and using scientific…
The core theme of biology, the idea that organisms change to…
Classifying organisms into gradually more specific groups bas…
Everywhere on earth that life is found
Biology
Posing questions about the natural world and using scientific…
Evolution
The core theme of biology, the idea that organisms change to…
34 terms
Biology 1107K PHOTOSYNTHESIS
Photosynthesis
Autotrophs
Photoautotrophs
Photosynthesis occurs in
Process that converts solar energy into chemical energy
Sustain themselves without eating anything derived from other…
(*almost all plants)... Use energy of sunlight to make organic m…
plants, algae, certain other protists, and some prokaryotes
Photosynthesis
Process that converts solar energy into chemical energy
Autotrophs
Sustain themselves without eating anything derived from other…
20 terms
Vocab 5 Biology 1107K
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic Pathway
...
...
...
...
Metabolism
...
Metabolic Pathway
...
65 terms
Biology 1107k chapter 3
_____ are the building blocks of life
chains of molecules create _____ which…
biological molecules consist mostly of…
carbon has _____ valence electrons, so…
molecules
macromolecules
carbon
four
_____ are the building blocks of life
molecules
chains of molecules create _____ which…
macromolecules
62 terms
Vocab 1 Biology 1107K
Biology
Hypothesis
Theory
Deductive Reasoning
study of life
tentative answer to a well framed question, lead to predictio…
broader in scope than a hypo, can lead to new testable hypo,…
uses general premises to make specific predictions
Biology
study of life
Hypothesis
tentative answer to a well framed question, lead to predictio…
32 terms
Biology 1107K Chapter 2
Transcription
RNA Polymerase
Gel Electrophoresis
Synergy
The enzymatic production of RNA using DNA as the template.
The enzyme that produces RNA using DNA as the template.
A technique for separating molecules based on their size.
Happens when two or more objects cooperate to produce more th…
Transcription
The enzymatic production of RNA using DNA as the template.
RNA Polymerase
The enzyme that produces RNA using DNA as the template.
33 terms
Biology 1107k chapter 8
photosynthesis formula
photosynthesis is divided into
light-dependent reactions:
carbon fixation reactions
6co2+12h20=c6h1206+gh20+602
light dependent reactions and carbon fixation reactions
capture energy from sunlight and make ATP and reduce NADP to…
use atp and nadph to synthesize organic molecules from c02
photosynthesis formula
6co2+12h20=c6h1206+gh20+602
photosynthesis is divided into
light dependent reactions and carbon fixation reactions
65 terms
Chapter 8 Biology 1107K
photosynthesis
6CO2+12H2O=C6H12O6+O2+6H2O
photosystems
The carbohydrates in photosynthesis ar…
The biochemical process in which carbohydrates are built from…
photosynthesis equation
photosynthesis begins with absorption of light by protein pig…
starting points for the synthesis of other molecules and as a…
photosynthesis
The biochemical process in which carbohydrates are built from…
6CO2+12H2O=C6H12O6+O2+6H2O
photosynthesis equation
43 terms
Biology 1107k chapter 2
How old is the universe
How old is Earth
How old is life
all matter is composed of
14 billion years old
4.5 billion years old
3.5 billion years old
atoms
How old is the universe
14 billion years old
How old is Earth
4.5 billion years old
32 terms
Biology 1107K Exam 3
Anabolic Pathway
Catabolic Reaction
Redox Reaction
Reduction
A pathway that builds larger molecules out of smaller ones. E…
A pathway that breaks down larger molecules into smaller ones…
A reaction where there is a transfer of electrons between two…
O2 -> H20 || CO2 -> Glucose
Anabolic Pathway
A pathway that builds larger molecules out of smaller ones. E…
Catabolic Reaction
A pathway that breaks down larger molecules into smaller ones…
31 terms
BIology 1107k quiz 8
Alfred Hershey and Barbara Chase
Transformation
Chargaff's rule
Frederick Griffith
Alfred Hershey and Chase study reproduction in bacteriophages…
a change in genotype and phenotype due to assimilation of for…
there is an equal number of A and T bases, and an equal numbe…
worked with two strains of a bacterium attempting to develop…
Alfred Hershey and Barbara Chase
Alfred Hershey and Chase study reproduction in bacteriophages…
Transformation
a change in genotype and phenotype due to assimilation of for…
67 terms
Biology1107k Chapter 5
the plasma membrane, along with the me…
the plasma membrane also contains
the model that describes the arrangeme…
cellular membranes have four parts, th…
hydrophobic exclusion
sugars, proteins, and other lipids
fluid mosaic model
phospholipid bilayer, transmembrane proteins, interior protei…
the plasma membrane, along with the me…
hydrophobic exclusion
the plasma membrane also contains
sugars, proteins, and other lipids
23 terms
Vocab 3 Biology 1107K
Cristae
Phospholipid
Saturated/Unsaturated Lipid
Carrier Protein
folds of the inner membrane where reactions take place
abundant lipid in plasma membrane
No double bonds/ at least one double bond
bind to molecules and undergo a subtle change in shape that t…
Cristae
folds of the inner membrane where reactions take place
Phospholipid
abundant lipid in plasma membrane
55 terms
Biology 1107k Exam 1 Review
Put in order of their importance(from…
Confirmed observations
Testable statement
Tests the relationship between two var…
Fact, hypothesis, law, theory
Facts
Hypothesis
Hypothesis
Put in order of their importance(from…
Fact, hypothesis, law, theory
Confirmed observations
Facts
24 terms
Biology 1107K Quiz 2 Terms
Cell Theory
Maginfication
Resolution
Contrast
All living things are made of cells. The cell is the smallest…
The act or process of enlarging the physical appearance or im…
Measure of the sharpness of an image.
the difference in light intensity between the image and the a…
Cell Theory
All living things are made of cells. The cell is the smallest…
Maginfication
The act or process of enlarging the physical appearance or im…
29 terms
Biology 1107k chapter one
What are the basic characteristics of…
The correct order of the Hierarchical…
The correct order of the Hierarchical…
The correct order of the Hierarchical…
cellular organization, order, sensitivity, growth, developmen…
atoms, molecules, macromolecules, organelles, cell.
cell, tissues, organs, organ systems.
species, population, community, ecosystem, biosphere.
What are the basic characteristics of…
cellular organization, order, sensitivity, growth, developmen…
The correct order of the Hierarchical…
atoms, molecules, macromolecules, organelles, cell.
60 terms
Chapter 6 &7 Biology 1107k
What is metabolism?
What are the two branches of metabolism?
What does catabolic mean?
What does anabolic mean?
The chemical processes that occur within a living organism in…
Catabolism and anabolism
The breakdown of molecules into smaller units, producing ATP…
the building of molecules from smaller units, requiring an in…
What is metabolism?
The chemical processes that occur within a living organism in…
What are the two branches of metabolism?
Catabolism and anabolism
75 terms
Biology1107k chapter 7
organisms can be classified based on h…
autotrophs
heterotrophs
all organisms use ____ to extract ener…
obtain energy
are able to produce their own organic molecules through photo…
live on organic compounds produced by other organisms
cellular respiration
organisms can be classified based on h…
obtain energy
autotrophs
are able to produce their own organic molecules through photo…
58 terms
ch 1-3 biology1107k
science
What is the difference between a hypot…
. List the characteristics of all livi…
Atom
he intellectual and practical activity encompassing the syste…
A hypothesis is an attempt to explain phenomena. It is a prop…
grow and develop... reproduce... respond and adapt to the environme…
fundamental unit of matter
science
he intellectual and practical activity encompassing the syste…
What is the difference between a hypot…
A hypothesis is an attempt to explain phenomena. It is a prop…
63 terms
Biology 1107k quiz 1 terms
Biology
Hypothesis
Theory
Deductive Reasoning
The scientific study of life
A testable explanation for a set of observations
Explanation that is broader in scope than a hypothesis; suppo…
A type of logic in which specific results are predicted from…
Biology
The scientific study of life
Hypothesis
A testable explanation for a set of observations
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