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Study sets matching "biology 120"

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Study sets matching "biology 120"

102 terms
Biology 120
Two types of cells
Cell Theory
Robert Hooke
Robert Brown
Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. cells a…
Called what he saw "cells" in cork because they looked like "…
Coined the word "nucleus"
Two types of cells
Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. cells a…
261 terms
Biology 120
Robert Hooke
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
Cell theory
Scientific method
1635-1703. discovery of the first microscope
1632-1723. father of microbiology, improved lens magnificatio…
organisms consist of one or more cells. cells make up basic s…
1. observation... 2. hypothesis ... 3. predictions ... 4. controlled e…
Robert Hooke
1635-1703. discovery of the first microscope
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
1632-1723. father of microbiology, improved lens magnificatio…
405 terms
Biology 120
Energy, Cells, Information, Replicatio…
Energy
Organism
Cells
- Five fundamental characteristics that organisms share
- what cells need in order to reproduce and stay alive; sunli…
- a living entity made up of one or more cells.
- membrane-bound units which organisms are made up of.
Energy, Cells, Information, Replicatio…
- Five fundamental characteristics that organisms share
Energy
- what cells need in order to reproduce and stay alive; sunli…
11 terms
Biology 120
Primary Structure (Protein)
Secondary Structure (Protein)
Tertiary Structure (Protein)
Quaternary Structure (Protein)
The sequence of amino acids in a poly peptide chain, similar…
The corkscrew-like twists or pleated folds formed by hydrogen…
The complex three-dimensional shape formed by multiple twists…
Two or more polypeptide chains bonded together.
Primary Structure (Protein)
The sequence of amino acids in a poly peptide chain, similar…
Secondary Structure (Protein)
The corkscrew-like twists or pleated folds formed by hydrogen…
145 terms
Biology 120
Genes
Genome
Which is bigger: gene or genome? Why?
Consumer
hereditary units of information consisting of specific sequen…
Sum total of an organism's DNA
Genome, because your genome consist of all your genes
organisms that eat living producers and/or other consumers of…
Genes
hereditary units of information consisting of specific sequen…
Genome
Sum total of an organism's DNA
118 terms
Biology 120
Which groups of macromolecules are use…
Enzymes are usually:
Denaturation:
Which of the following forms branched…
Carbohydrates, lipids and nucleotides
Proteins- provide the complexity needs for enzyme function
Unravels (breaks the bond holding) the 3D protein structure
Carbohydrates
Which groups of macromolecules are use…
Carbohydrates, lipids and nucleotides
Enzymes are usually:
Proteins- provide the complexity needs for enzyme function
20 terms
biology 120 chapter 4
organic chemistry
complex/large molecules
tetrahedron
hydrocarbons
study of organic compounds, which are compounds containing ca…
4 bonds or more
4 single bonds
carbon +hydrogen... they store and release enegry... variations inc…
organic chemistry
study of organic compounds, which are compounds containing ca…
complex/large molecules
4 bonds or more
23 terms
Biology 120 chapter 7
selective permeability
membrane
molecules and ions
passive transport
allows some substances to cross it more easily than others
double layer = phospholipid bilayer ... fluid moves laterally... ha…
move back and forth across the membrane... nonpolar move more qu…
diffusion of a substance across a biological membrane... no ener…
selective permeability
allows some substances to cross it more easily than others
membrane
double layer = phospholipid bilayer ... fluid moves laterally... ha…
47 terms
Biology 120 chapter 5
biological molecules classes
macromolecules
dehydration reaction
hydrolysis
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, proteins
carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and proteins... &... polymer of monom…
2 monomers bonded together with the loss of a water molecule
water breakage... bond between monomers is broken by addition of…
biological molecules classes
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, proteins
macromolecules
carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and proteins... &... polymer of monom…
46 terms
Biology 120 chapter 6
Plasma Membrane
Nuclear Pores
Ribosomes
Rough ER
Controls what enters and leaves the cell
Regulates the entry and exit of Proteins, RNA, and Macromolec…
Site of Protein Synthesis
Produces new membrane, aids in the synthesis of secretory pro…
Plasma Membrane
Controls what enters and leaves the cell
Nuclear Pores
Regulates the entry and exit of Proteins, RNA, and Macromolec…
405 terms
Biology 120
Energy, Cells, Information, Replicatio…
Energy
Organism
Cells
- Five fundamental characteristics that organisms share
- what cells need in order to reproduce and stay alive; sunli…
- a living entity made up of one or more cells.
- membrane-bound units which organisms are made up of.
Energy, Cells, Information, Replicatio…
- Five fundamental characteristics that organisms share
Energy
- what cells need in order to reproduce and stay alive; sunli…
132 terms
Biology 120
Diploid
Gametes
Haploid
Zygote
-Body cells that have 46 (2n) paired chromosomes
egg and sperm
Sex cells that have only 23 (n) unpaired chromosomes
Sperm and egg combo during fertilization
Diploid
-Body cells that have 46 (2n) paired chromosomes
Gametes
egg and sperm
405 terms
brcc Biology 120
Energy, Cells, Information, Replicatio…
Energy
Organism
Cells
- Five fundamental characteristics that organisms share
- what cells need in order to reproduce and stay alive; sunli…
- a living entity made up of one or more cells.
- membrane-bound units which organisms are made up of.
Energy, Cells, Information, Replicatio…
- Five fundamental characteristics that organisms share
Energy
- what cells need in order to reproduce and stay alive; sunli…
21 terms
Biology 120
WHAT IS SCIENCE
HYPOTHESIS
THEORY
LAW
-derived from observations
-proven to be correct by:... -supported by exhaustive experiment…
-consistent throughout the universe
WHAT IS SCIENCE
HYPOTHESIS
-derived from observations
97 terms
Biology 120 Cells
Robert Hooke
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Organisms
first person to see a cell; named cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
Bacteria
Robert Hooke
first person to see a cell; named cells
Eukaryotic Cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
58 terms
Biology 120
what is biology
what is life
what are signs of life
organism
the study of life
the condition that distinguishes animals and plants from inor…
growth, reproduction, functional activity, continual change p…
an assembly of molecules functioning as a more or less stable…
what is biology
the study of life
what is life
the condition that distinguishes animals and plants from inor…
35 terms
Biology 120
Character
Trait
Self- Pollination
Cross Pollination
A heritable characteristic
A particular variation in a genetic or phenotypic character
Fertilization in which sperm nuclei in pollen produce by anth…
Fertilization of one plant by a different plant
Character
A heritable characteristic
Trait
A particular variation in a genetic or phenotypic character
Biology 120
Cell wall
Cell membrane
Ribosomes
Flagella
Made a various materials in plants cellulose provide support…
Composed of fats and proteins
The organelle of protein synthesis
Responsible for moving the cell
Cell wall
Made a various materials in plants cellulose provide support…
Cell membrane
Composed of fats and proteins
86 terms
Biology 120
Science is defined as...
Disorganized knowledge is...
What does science do?
Truth is built on ___ based on ____ on…
Organized knowledge
Trivia
Attempt to uncover the facts
Facts; subjective facts; conclusions
Science is defined as...
Organized knowledge
Disorganized knowledge is...
Trivia
33 terms
Biology 120
Water is the __________ of earth
Cells themselves are ____% water
Water molecule is a ______molecule
An example of cohesion using water is
Biological Medium
Cells themselves are 70-95% water
Polar molecule
Hydrogen bolds hold water molecules together
Water is the __________ of earth
Biological Medium
Cells themselves are ____% water
Cells themselves are 70-95% water
16 terms
Biology 120
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathways
Metabolism
Anabolic Pathways
Specific molecule, which is then altered in series of defined…
A degradative process that some metabolic pathways release en…
totality of an organism's chemical reaction
consume energy to build complicated molecules from simper one…
Metabolic Pathway
Specific molecule, which is then altered in series of defined…
Catabolic Pathways
A degradative process that some metabolic pathways release en…
36 terms
Biology 120
Properties of life
Cell theory
3 types of microscopy
Fermentation
1. display order... 2. harness and utilize energy... 3. reproduce... 4…
-all organisms are made up of one or more cells... -cells are th…
1. optical... 2. electron... 3. scanning
a metabolic process that converts sugars into acids, gases, a…
Properties of life
1. display order... 2. harness and utilize energy... 3. reproduce... 4…
Cell theory
-all organisms are made up of one or more cells... -cells are th…
BIOLOGY 120
Consist of gases,liquid, or solids pre…
Eye irritations, nausea, headaches, re…
Is the measure of how difficult it is…
Is the fresh water found on Earth's su…
Air pollution
Sick building syndrome
Surface tension
Surface water
Consist of gases,liquid, or solids pre…
Air pollution
Eye irritations, nausea, headaches, re…
Sick building syndrome
65 terms
Biology 120
Scanning Electron Microscopy
Transmission Electron Microscopy
Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy
Bright Field Microscopy
Scans across a whole cell or organism and makes it appear in 3D
Focuses on a thin specimen in a vacuum, commonly used to view…
Laser scan across a fluorescent stained specimen. Provides a…
Light passes directly through the specimen, has insufficient…
Scanning Electron Microscopy
Scans across a whole cell or organism and makes it appear in 3D
Transmission Electron Microscopy
Focuses on a thin specimen in a vacuum, commonly used to view…
74 terms
Biology 120
Polymers
Enzymes
Dehydration reaction
Hydrolysis
Long chains of similar building blocks (monomers; amino acids…
Specialized molecules used for speeding up the reactions
The reaction that causes 2 molecules to covalently bond thru…
"Water break" (Greek) water molecule is the reactant that cau…
Polymers
Long chains of similar building blocks (monomers; amino acids…
Enzymes
Specialized molecules used for speeding up the reactions
56 terms
Biology 120
Biology
Science
scientific method
hypothesis
The study of living organisms and how they interact with one…
can be defined as... knowledge that covers general truths or the…
The ____________ is a method of research with defined steps... t…
is a suggested explanation for an event, which can be tested.
Biology
The study of living organisms and how they interact with one…
Science
can be defined as... knowledge that covers general truths or the…
104 terms
Biology 120
induction
gastrulation
cleavage
oogenesis
1 group of cells influencing the development of an adjacent g…
9 days after conception
series of rapid cell divisions that produces a multicellular…
development of mature egg cells
induction
1 group of cells influencing the development of an adjacent g…
gastrulation
9 days after conception
70 terms
Biology 120
Gene Mapping
Genomics
Bioinformatics
RFLPs
determining order and distances of loci/ genetic markers on a…
study of whole sets of genes and their interactions between s…
interface of mathematics and biology; computers
variation in homologous genomes' locations
Gene Mapping
determining order and distances of loci/ genetic markers on a…
Genomics
study of whole sets of genes and their interactions between s…
19 terms
Biology 120
Energy
Energy types
Forms of kinetic energy
Potential energy form
Measured in calories and joules , capacity to do work.
Stored energy is potential energy and energy of motion is kin…
Heat and light energy
Chemical energy which is stored in chemical bonds
Energy
Measured in calories and joules , capacity to do work.
Energy types
Stored energy is potential energy and energy of motion is kin…
63 terms
Biology 120
Empirical
Creative
Subjective
Objective
Originated in Observation. Can be observed
Beyond Traditional Ideas
How you experience things
Simply the facts
Empirical
Originated in Observation. Can be observed
Creative
Beyond Traditional Ideas
28 terms
Biology 120
Five characteristics of life
Cell theory
Food Web
Primary consumers
1. Life is organized ... 2. Life rquires energy ... 3. Life maintai…
All living things are made up of cells.
A diagram showing the flow of energy from organisms at lower…
Herbivores that feed on primary producers.
Five characteristics of life
1. Life is organized ... 2. Life rquires energy ... 3. Life maintai…
Cell theory
All living things are made up of cells.
Biology 120
Phylogeny
Taxonomy
sister taxa
Clades
the evolutionary history of a species or group of species
organisms are named an classified
group of organisms that share an immediate common ancestor an…
...
Phylogeny
the evolutionary history of a species or group of species
Taxonomy
organisms are named an classified
80 terms
Biology 120 - Craig Milgrim - Final
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Obligate Anaerobe
Obligate Aerobe
Organism that makes its own food using carbon from inorganic…
Organism that obtains energy and carbon from organic compound…
Occurring in the absence of oxygen.... Prokaryotes
Involving or occurring in the presence of oxygen.... Prokaryote…
Autotroph
Organism that makes its own food using carbon from inorganic…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy and carbon from organic compound…
73 terms
Biology 120
Systematics
Phylogeny
Cladogram
Cladistics
the branch of biology that deals with classification and nome…
study of the evolutionary development and diversification of…
a branching diagram showing the cladistic relationship betwee…
a method of classification of animals and plants according to…
Systematics
the branch of biology that deals with classification and nome…
Phylogeny
study of the evolutionary development and diversification of…
12 terms
Biology 120
Principle 1
Principle 2
Principle 3
Principle 4
Cells are the simplest unit of life
Living organisms use energy
Living organisms interact with their environment.
Living organisms maintain homeostasis.
Principle 1
Cells are the simplest unit of life
Principle 2
Living organisms use energy
78 terms
Biology 120
Scientific Method
Primary Journal Articles
Secondary Journal Article
Hypothesis
1. Observation ... 2. Question ... 3. Preliminary Research ... 4. Hypo…
Research conducted by the authors, usually has a materials an…
when the researcher did not conduct their own experiment but…
A tentative explanation for a scientific observation
Scientific Method
1. Observation ... 2. Question ... 3. Preliminary Research ... 4. Hypo…
Primary Journal Articles
Research conducted by the authors, usually has a materials an…
13 terms
Biology 120 Chapter 8
Describe the roles of cell division in…
Describe the basic structure of a chro…
Explain what limits cell size (and rel…
Describe the key events of each phase…
Meiosis for reproduction and mitosis for growth and maintenan…
Chromosomes are made up of DNA and protein molecules. The pro…
-Diffusion is slow over long distances... -Larger cells cant tra…
Mitotic (M) phase includes mitosis and cytokinesis, and inter…
Describe the roles of cell division in…
Meiosis for reproduction and mitosis for growth and maintenan…
Describe the basic structure of a chro…
Chromosomes are made up of DNA and protein molecules. The pro…
13 terms
Biology 120:
Four classes of macromolecules we lear…
Biological Macromolecules
Carbohydrate
Lipids
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acid.
Molecules that contain carbon covalently bonded with hydrogen…
Subunit is sugars. This macromolecule stores energy and cellu…
Subunit is fatty acids. provides long term energy and is a st…
Four classes of macromolecules we lear…
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acid.
Biological Macromolecules
Molecules that contain carbon covalently bonded with hydrogen…
21 terms
Biology 120
Energy
2 States of energy and forms
First law of Thermodynamics
Second law of thermodynamics
Capacity to cause change or to perform work.
KINETIC and POTENTIAL energy. Forms of energy are heat, therm…
Energy in the universe is constant. Energy can be transferred…
Energy conversions increase the entropy (disorder) of the uni…
Energy
Capacity to cause change or to perform work.
2 States of energy and forms
KINETIC and POTENTIAL energy. Forms of energy are heat, therm…
139 terms
Biology 120 Exam 1
Steroids
Phospholipids V Fats
Unsaturated Fat
Ester Linkage
4 Rings with different R-groups
Phospholipids- two tails with one head and tail is nonpolar w…
-Double Bonds between Carbon-less hydrogen-kinked-helps build…
bond between head and tails in Fats
Steroids
4 Rings with different R-groups
Phospholipids V Fats
Phospholipids- two tails with one head and tail is nonpolar w…
110 terms
Biology 120.3- Lecture 2
what are the 4 steps to the origin of…
Nucleotides
Amino Acids
Sugars
1. In order for life to work and exist we have to be able to…
- are the building blocks for DNA
- are the proteins
- starches (found in chips and apples.)
what are the 4 steps to the origin of…
1. In order for life to work and exist we have to be able to…
Nucleotides
- are the building blocks for DNA
79 terms
Lab Biology 120
cheek cells
onion cell
bacteria
protist
The side of the face forming the lateral wall of the mouth.
A liliaceous plant of the genus allium
self replicating metabolizing cells
unicellular organism and is a Eukaryota
cheek cells
The side of the face forming the lateral wall of the mouth.
onion cell
A liliaceous plant of the genus allium
118 terms
Biology 120
Which groups of macromolecules are use…
Enzymes are usually:
Denaturation:
Which of the following forms branched…
Carbohydrates, lipids and nucleotides
Proteins- provide the complexity needs for enzyme function
Unravels (breaks the bond holding) the 3D protein structure
Carbohydrates
Which groups of macromolecules are use…
Carbohydrates, lipids and nucleotides
Enzymes are usually:
Proteins- provide the complexity needs for enzyme function
37 terms
Biology 120
1. What is the level of biological org…
2. What level of biological organizati…
3. Once labor begins in childbirth, co…
Buffers are
a. organ... b organelle... c. organ system... d. epithelial... e. organism
a. community... b. organism... c. water... d ecosystem
a. a bioinformatic system... b positive feedback... c. negative fee…
a. substances that minimize changes in concentrations of H+ a…
1. What is the level of biological org…
a. organ... b organelle... c. organ system... d. epithelial... e. organism
2. What level of biological organizati…
a. community... b. organism... c. water... d ecosystem
39 terms
Photosynthesis- Biology 120
Autotroph(s)
2
Chemoautotroph(s)
Photoautotroph(s)
Organisms that synthesize all the organic molecules they need…
How many types of autotrophs are there?
Organisms which obtain energy from the oxidation of electron…
Autotrophs which use light as their energy source
Autotroph(s)
Organisms that synthesize all the organic molecules they need…
2
How many types of autotrophs are there?
biology 120
What is the overall equation for photo…
What is the name of the pigment that c…
In what compartment do the light ("pho…
Why is water split and O2 produced in…
6CO2 + 6HO2-> C6H1206+602
chlorophyll A
Thylakoid Membrane
To replace electrons sent to the ETC
What is the overall equation for photo…
6CO2 + 6HO2-> C6H1206+602
What is the name of the pigment that c…
chlorophyll A
305 terms
BIOLOGY 120 EXAM 3
Cell Division
Meiosis
Gamete
Mitosis, Somatic
The cell theory states that new cells arise from preexisting…
In animals , _____________ leads to the production of sperm a…
The term for sex cells is ____________ and refers to sperm an…
________ leads to the production of all other cell types call…
Cell Division
The cell theory states that new cells arise from preexisting…
Meiosis
In animals , _____________ leads to the production of sperm a…
300 terms
Biology 120 Midterm 1
Organic Molecules
Characteristics of Organic Molecules
Modularity
Non-Polar Functional Group
Glucose, Methane, DNA, Protein and Fat
(C-H) bond, connected by covalent bond, large molecules consi…
Monomers can be connected to form polymers in basically a lim…
Only contain carbon and hydrogen, hydrophobic, found in the a…
Organic Molecules
Glucose, Methane, DNA, Protein and Fat
Characteristics of Organic Molecules
(C-H) bond, connected by covalent bond, large molecules consi…
70 terms
Biology 120 Chapter 10
Genome
Chromosomes
Somatic Cells
Gametes
All the DNA in a cell
-What DNA molecules are packaged into... -Composed of chromatin…
Non-reproductive, body cells which have two sets of chromosomes
Reproductive cells: Sperm and egg which have one set of chrom…
Genome
All the DNA in a cell
Chromosomes
-What DNA molecules are packaged into... -Composed of chromatin…
39 terms
Biology 120 Chapter 11
Genetics
Heredity
Variation
What is inherited
Scientific study of heredity and variation
Passing on of traits from one generation to the next
Demonstrated by the differences in appearance that offspring…
Genes are inherited, not physical traits
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity and variation
Heredity
Passing on of traits from one generation to the next
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