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Study sets matching "biology 125"

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Study sets matching "biology 125"

64 terms
Biology 125
Human Kidney
Structure of a Nephron
Comparative Aspects of Excretory systems
Various Excretory Organs
renal artery and renal vein... Nephron- Glomerulus ... Proximal tub…
Glomerulus- Bowman's Capsule, Afferent arteriole, Efferent ar…
Anhydrobiosis- dormant, climate triggered state... Nocturnal Act…
Protonephridia- Networks of branching tubules... Metanephridia-…
Human Kidney
renal artery and renal vein... Nephron- Glomerulus ... Proximal tub…
Structure of a Nephron
Glomerulus- Bowman's Capsule, Afferent arteriole, Efferent ar…
110 terms
Biology 125
How do prokaryotes reproduce?
What is fission?
What is conjugation?
Horizontal gene transfer
No meiosis, mitosis, or nucleus... 1. fission... 2. conjugation... 3.…
Duplication and growth, then the cell divides... Genealogical DN…
Link made between related bacterial cells... Sharing DNA through…
Genes are passed not from generation to generation but NOW (o…
How do prokaryotes reproduce?
No meiosis, mitosis, or nucleus... 1. fission... 2. conjugation... 3.…
What is fission?
Duplication and growth, then the cell divides... Genealogical DN…
23 terms
Biology 125
Example of Protein
Process of Peptide Bond Losing water
Dehydration Synthesis
The four Macromolecules
Hemogoblin
It loses two Hydrogen and an Oxygen in an aquous enviroment,…
The loss of water molecule from reacting molecule
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids
Example of Protein
Hemogoblin
Process of Peptide Bond Losing water
It loses two Hydrogen and an Oxygen in an aquous enviroment,…
18 terms
Biology 125: Excretory System
Adaptations That Prevent Water Loss
Keratin
Kangaroo Rats
Osmolarity
-Anhydrobiosis... -Nocturnal activity... -Waxy cuticle... -Reabsorptio…
-Creates a barrier to prevent water loss
-Desert animals... -Reabsorbs water from badder... -Doesn't drink w…
-Concentration of solute in a solution... -Measured in moles per…
Adaptations That Prevent Water Loss
-Anhydrobiosis... -Nocturnal activity... -Waxy cuticle... -Reabsorptio…
Keratin
-Creates a barrier to prevent water loss
32 terms
Biology 125
ab
cyst/o
hydro
supra
away from
bladder
water
above
ab
away from
cyst/o
bladder
21 terms
Biology 125: Digestion
Acrodont
Pleurodont
Thecodont
Homodont
teeth sit in a shallow socket on surface of the jaw
teeth attached on the inner side of jaw
tooth has root embedded in bone
all teeth are the same shape - probably for holding on, all t…
Acrodont
teeth sit in a shallow socket on surface of the jaw
Pleurodont
teeth attached on the inner side of jaw
125 terms
AP BIOLOGY TERMS 125
Active site:
Active transport:
Alternation of generations:
Alveoli:
The specific portion of an enzyme that binds the substrate by…
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
A life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
One of the dead-end, multilobed air sacs where gas exchange o…
Active site:
The specific portion of an enzyme that binds the substrate by…
Active transport:
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
93 terms
Biology 125 pt. 2
telomeres
Why would a trait that can kill a cell…
How do germ cells prevent the shorteni…
induced mutation
ends of chromosomes
Don't want uncontrolled growth (risk of different diseases)
They have telomerase that extends telomeres when they are sho…
a mutation that can be prevented
telomeres
ends of chromosomes
Why would a trait that can kill a cell…
Don't want uncontrolled growth (risk of different diseases)
23 terms
Biology 125: Excretion
why do we have excretory systems
what is the method of filtration?
Invertebrate excretory structures
Malphigian Tubules
evolved for osmoregulation and often developed for release of…
uses either blood, hemolymph or coelomic fluid that gets coll…
Protonephridia in platyhelminthes, rotifers and acanthocephal…
- exist in insects/pan arthropods ... - tips immersed in hemolym…
why do we have excretory systems
evolved for osmoregulation and often developed for release of…
what is the method of filtration?
uses either blood, hemolymph or coelomic fluid that gets coll…
211 terms
General Biology 125 Review
Chapter 32
What are animals?
What do sponges lack?
What do cnidarians and ctenophores hav…
An Introduction to animals
Multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes that lack cell walls…
Highly organized tissues other than epithelium
-radial symmetry... -2 embryonic germ layers... -nuerons organized…
Chapter 32
An Introduction to animals
What are animals?
Multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes that lack cell walls…
40 terms
Biology 125: Reproduction
Advantages of asexual reproduction
Budding
Fission
Fragmentation
- no mate necessary... - many offspring in little time... - perpetu…
offspring forms within or on a parent, the process is complet…
an individual splits into two (binary) identical descendants
same thing as fission basically but for larger animals, some…
Advantages of asexual reproduction
- no mate necessary... - many offspring in little time... - perpetu…
Budding
offspring forms within or on a parent, the process is complet…
16 terms
Biology 125: Animalia Morphology
surface area problem
Radial symmetry benefits
Bilateral symmetry benefits
Diploplastic tissue structure
o A uniform shape increases volume more than surface area, so…
good for animals that are sessile because they can easily get…
good for motile organisms; many neurons and sense organs conc…
animals whose embryos have two tissue types:... - Ectoderm: oute…
surface area problem
o A uniform shape increases volume more than surface area, so…
Radial symmetry benefits
good for animals that are sessile because they can easily get…
21 terms
Biology 125: Endocrine
anatomy of the endocrine system
autocrine
paracrine
endocrine
endocrine glands: hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, parathyro…
signals that act on the same cell that secretes them
signals that diffuse locally and act on neighbouring cells
hormones are carried between cells by blood or other body flu…
anatomy of the endocrine system
endocrine glands: hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, parathyro…
autocrine
signals that act on the same cell that secretes them
33 terms
Biology 125: Plant reproduction
What is alternation of generations?
how are patterns of alternation of gen…
what is a gametophyte?
what is a sporophyte?
alternating between one form of adult that's haploid, and one…
- bryophyte has dominant gametophyte generation and sporophyt…
nutritionally independent haploid adult, produce sperm and eg…
nutritionally independent diploid adult, meiosis produces hap…
What is alternation of generations?
alternating between one form of adult that's haploid, and one…
how are patterns of alternation of gen…
- bryophyte has dominant gametophyte generation and sporophyt…
22 terms
Biology 125: Phylogeny
Phonetics
Monophyletic
Paraphyletic
Polyphyletic
take all the characteristics, weight them the same and find o…
group that contains all of the descendants of a common ancest…
missing one thing, in order to fix one group needs to be added
group that contains multiple lineages, multiple things that d…
Phonetics
take all the characteristics, weight them the same and find o…
Monophyletic
group that contains all of the descendants of a common ancest…
19 terms
Biology 125: Circulatory System
Open System
Closed System
Water Vascular System
Cardiovascular System
-Hemolymph... -Exchange is between hemolymph and cells... -Size lim…
-Blood is confined to vessels... -Exchange is between capillarie…
-Fluid is water... -Not many cellular components... -Echinoderms only
-Closed system of vertebrates... -1+ heart(s)... -1 or 2 atria rece…
Open System
-Hemolymph... -Exchange is between hemolymph and cells... -Size lim…
Closed System
-Blood is confined to vessels... -Exchange is between capillarie…
54 terms
Biology 125: Groups of Animals
Phylum Porifera
Porifera body layers
Porifera Body Forms:... Asconoid
Porifera Body Forms: Sycoinoid
-barely multi-cellular ... - "incipient" tissues: not true tissu…
Pinacoderm: prtoective outer layer, sometimes contractile; ha…
- Simplest, usually smallest, have basic structure - ectosome…
- Choanocytes line radial chambers in body wall; makes bigger…
Phylum Porifera
-barely multi-cellular ... - "incipient" tissues: not true tissu…
Porifera body layers
Pinacoderm: prtoective outer layer, sometimes contractile; ha…
46 terms
Biology 125: Tissues and Homeostasis
Epithelial Tissue
Epithelial Tissue Types
Epithelial Tissue Shapes
Connective Tissue
surrounds or lines something, protects and absorbs
Simple: one cell layer... Stratified: more than one cell layer
Cuboidal, columnar, squamous
extensive ECM made of fluid and fibers, relatively few cells
Epithelial Tissue
surrounds or lines something, protects and absorbs
Epithelial Tissue Types
Simple: one cell layer... Stratified: more than one cell layer
36 terms
Biology 125: Parts of Digestive Tract
A
C
D
F
Mouth
Salivary Glands
Esophagus
Liver
A
Mouth
C
Salivary Glands
10 terms
Biology 125: Respiratory System
Dalton's Law
Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS)
Swim Bladder
Pleural Cavity
-Total pressure of a gas = sum individual partial pressures
-Symptoms: dehydration, increased heart rate... -Fluid leaks int…
-Modified lung... -eg. fish
-Surrounds lungs... -Contains fixed amount of fluid
Dalton's Law
-Total pressure of a gas = sum individual partial pressures
Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS)
-Symptoms: dehydration, increased heart rate... -Fluid leaks int…
22 terms
Biology 125: Digestive Enzymes
Salivary amylase
Produced by salivary glands
Lingual lipase
Produced by tongue
Carbohydrates -> Disaccharides eg. Maltose
Salivary amylase
Triglycerides -> Fatty acids, monoglycerides
Lingual Lipase
Salivary amylase
Carbohydrates -> Disaccharides eg. Maltose
Produced by salivary glands
Salivary amylase
60 terms
Biology 125 Vocabulary
Allele
Genotypes
Phenotypes
Incomplete dominance
Variant of a gene
Genetic makeup of an individual; combination of genes... underly…
Physical, physiological, or behavioral traits of an... organism;…
Neither allele is masked; heterozygotes are intermediate betw…
Allele
Variant of a gene
Genotypes
Genetic makeup of an individual; combination of genes... underly…
54 terms
Biology 125 (Part 1)
gene
choromosome
genome
How many undescribed species are there?
a slice of DNA that has a specific function
where genes are found, contain DNA, a continuous piece of DNA
a complete set of genes... genetic information that makes up org…
2-8 million
gene
a slice of DNA that has a specific function
choromosome
where genes are found, contain DNA, a continuous piece of DNA
12 terms
Biology 125: Lab 4
Types of Animal Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Epidermal Epithelium
Connective Tissue
-Epithelial... -Connective... -Muscle... -Nervous
-Function is dependant on location... -Tightly packed cells... -Reg…
-Prevents desiccation... -Keeps pathogens out of body
-Scattered through an ECM containing various fibres... -Secretes…
Types of Animal Tissue
-Epithelial... -Connective... -Muscle... -Nervous
Epithelial Tissue
-Function is dependant on location... -Tightly packed cells... -Reg…
142 terms
Biology 125 Final Review
What type of organisms does the Kingdo…
What type of cells do animals contain?…
What are the six kingdoms of classific…
What are some examples of common names?
Autotroph
Eukaryotic
Eubacteria, Archaebacteria, Protista, Fungi, Animalia, and Pl…
Badger, Dolphin
What type of organisms does the Kingdo…
Autotroph
What type of cells do animals contain?…
Eukaryotic
32 terms
Biology 125 List 1
acr/o
cyan/o
penia
cyto
extremity
blue
lack of
cell
acr/o
extremity
cyan/o
blue
32 terms
List 2 Biology 125
ab
cyst/o
hydr/o
supra
away from
bladder
water
above
ab
away from
cyst/o
bladder
122 terms
Biology 125 Exam 2
geological record
stromatolites
endosymbiont theory
serial endosymbiosis
a standard time scale that divides earths history into four e…
layered rocks that form when certain prokaryotes bind thin fi…
posits that mitochondria and plastids (a general term for chl…
supposes that mitochondria evolved before plastids through a…
geological record
a standard time scale that divides earths history into four e…
stromatolites
layered rocks that form when certain prokaryotes bind thin fi…
11 terms
Biology 125 - Lymphatic System
Lymph nodes
Blood
Plasma
Erythrocytes
o Where lymphatic vessels come together... o Lots by crotch, dig…
Made of plasma and blood cells
Made of water, nutrients/waste, respiratory gases, electrolyt…
Cells that transport O2 and CO2... -production is negative feedb…
Lymph nodes
o Where lymphatic vessels come together... o Lots by crotch, dig…
Blood
Made of plasma and blood cells
114 terms
Biology 125 Final
innate immune response
acquired immune response
sponge immune system uses ___________
cndiarian immune system uses ___________
non-specific
specific
archaeocytes
amoebocytes
innate immune response
non-specific
acquired immune response
specific
44 terms
Biology 125 Elements - Powless
Hydrogen
Lithium
Sodium
Potassium
H
Li
Na
K
Hydrogen
H
Lithium
Li
32 terms
Biology 125 List 2
Ab
Ad
Cyst/o
Plast/o, Plasty
away from
toward, to
bladder
repair
Ab
away from
Ad
toward, to
104 terms
Biology125 final
What type of organisms does the Kingdo…
What type of cells do animals contain?
What are the six kingdom of classifica…
What are some examples of common names?
autotroph
eukaryotic
Animalia, Plantae, Fungi, Archaebacteria, Eubacteria, Protista
turtle, monkey, kangaroo
What type of organisms does the Kingdo…
autotroph
What type of cells do animals contain?
eukaryotic
32 terms
Biology 125 List 3
Angi/o
Hem/o, Hemat/o
Audi/o
Bar/o
Vessel
Blood
Hear, Hearing
Heavy
Angi/o
Vessel
Hem/o, Hemat/o
Blood
101 terms
Biology 125 Final Review
What type of organisms does the Kingdo…
What type of cells do animals contain?…
What are the six kingdoms of classific…
What are some examples of common names?
Autotroph
Eukaryotic
Eubacteria, Archaebacteria, Protista, Fungi, Animalia, and Pl…
Badger, Dolphin, Green Ash, Cougar
What type of organisms does the Kingdo…
Autotroph
What type of cells do animals contain?…
Eukaryotic
59 terms
Biology 125 Final
what aids in "big brain" (learning) de…
energy cost to maintain a big brian
advantages of big brains
eutharian
- Placenta ... - Milk
20%
- greater capacity for learning ... - instinctive behaviors (ner…
- placental mammals... - ex) Elephant and Shrews
what aids in "big brain" (learning) de…
- Placenta ... - Milk
energy cost to maintain a big brian
20%
22 terms
Biology 125- Chapter 18
Human Classification
Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
...
Animalia
Chordate
Vertebrata
Human Classification
...
Kingdom
Animalia
101 terms
Biology 125 Final Review
What type of organisms does the Kingdo…
What type of cells do animals contain?…
What are the six kingdoms of classific…
What are some examples of common names?
Autotroph
Eukaryotic
Eubacteria, Archaebacteria, Protista, Fungi, Animalia, and Pl…
Badger, Dolphin, Green Ash, Cougar
What type of organisms does the Kingdo…
Autotroph
What type of cells do animals contain?…
Eukaryotic
14 terms
Biology 125 Plant taxonomy
review taxonomy sheet #2
major clades of the eukarya
Amoebozoa
Opisthokonta
- Domain archaea: 3 clades... - Domain bacteria: 6 clades: Firmi…
amoebozoa, opisthokonta, excavata, rhizaria, alveolata, stram…
- domain eukarya... - amoeba, slime molds... - wide pseudopodia
- domain eukarya ... - choanoflagellates, animals, fungi... - flat…
review taxonomy sheet #2
- Domain archaea: 3 clades... - Domain bacteria: 6 clades: Firmi…
major clades of the eukarya
amoebozoa, opisthokonta, excavata, rhizaria, alveolata, stram…
14 terms
Biology #106-125
nucleic acids
nucleotides
a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphorus group,…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
___ ___ are macromolecules containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitro…
nucleic acids are polymers assembled from individual monomers…
what are the 3 parts of a nucleotide?
some nucleotides, including the compound known as ___ ___ (__…
nucleic acids
___ ___ are macromolecules containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitro…
nucleotides
nucleic acids are polymers assembled from individual monomers…
32 terms
Biology 125 Vocab 1
acr/o
megal/o
cyan/o
derm/o
extremity
enlargement
blue
skin
acr/o
extremity
megal/o
enlargement
25 terms
Biology 125: Plant transport
movement of water and solutes into the…
movement of water and solutes from epi…
Apoplastic route
Symplastic route
epidermis (single layer) --> cortex (ground tissue - parenchy…
- Apoplastic: 'away from particle' outside the plasma membran…
'away from particle' outside the plasma membrane, consists of…
'with particle' consists of the continuous connection through…
movement of water and solutes into the…
epidermis (single layer) --> cortex (ground tissue - parenchy…
movement of water and solutes from epi…
- Apoplastic: 'away from particle' outside the plasma membran…
Biology #125-133
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Budding
Vegetative Propagation
requires only one parent... all offspring are identical... mitosis,…
requires two parents... offspring look different... meiosis is an e…
asexual reproduction... a piece of the organism pinches off and…
a plant sends out a "runner" and a new plant forms, like a st…
Asexual Reproduction
requires only one parent... all offspring are identical... mitosis,…
Sexual Reproduction
requires two parents... offspring look different... meiosis is an e…
39 terms
Biology 125 - 2.3
polymerization
condensation reaction
dehydration synthesis
what forms proteins (what is the monom…
the build up of macromolecules
the reaction involved releases a water molecule
each time a monomer is added to a chain, a water molecule is…
Macromolecules that contain nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, and o…
polymerization
the build up of macromolecules
condensation reaction
the reaction involved releases a water molecule
25 terms
Biology Roots 101-125
Ex
Fac, Fact, Fic, Fect
Fall, Fals
Fer
Out
Do, Make
Deceive
Bear, Carry
Ex
Out
Fac, Fact, Fic, Fect
Do, Make
9 terms
biology vocab 125-133
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
budding
vegetative propogation
requires only one parent... all offspring are identical... mitosis,…
requires two parents... offspring look different... meiosis is an e…
asexual reproduction... a piece of the organism pinches off and…
a plant sends out a "runner" and a new plant forms, like a st…
asexual reproduction
requires only one parent... all offspring are identical... mitosis,…
sexual reproduction
requires two parents... offspring look different... meiosis is an e…
23 terms
Midterm 1 Biology 125
Phylum Porifera
Monoecious
Body forms of Porifera
Radiata include how many phyla?
Has no true tissues
Having both male and female reproductive organsa
Asconoid, Syconoid, Leuconoid
Three (Cnidaria, Ctenophora, and Acoelomorpha)
Phylum Porifera
Has no true tissues
Monoecious
Having both male and female reproductive organsa
52 terms
Biology 125 Immunity
Innate Immunity
Adaptive immunity
Antigen
Phagocytosis
immune system cells are ready to respond at all times, nonspe…
cells are selectively activated to eliminate a specific patho…
any foreign molecule that can initiate an immune system respo…
involves the ingestion of bacteria
Innate Immunity
immune system cells are ready to respond at all times, nonspe…
Adaptive immunity
cells are selectively activated to eliminate a specific patho…
33 terms
Biology 125: circulation and gas exchange
Partial Pressure
Partial Pressure of O2
Partial Pressure of CO2
Fick's Law of Diffusion
pressure of a particular gas in a mixture of gases... compositio…
160 mmHg
53 mmHg
the rate of diffusion of gas depends on:... - the solubility of…
Partial Pressure
pressure of a particular gas in a mixture of gases... compositio…
Partial Pressure of O2
160 mmHg
65 terms
Biology 125 midterm
key synapomorphy of Ecdysozoa
niches of nematodes
cause of frog deformities
challenges of living on land
ecdysis (molting)
most aquatic habitats, soil, moist plant tissues, body fluids…
trematodes/vinegar eels (nematodes)
retaining moisture, gravity, sex, movement
key synapomorphy of Ecdysozoa
ecdysis (molting)
niches of nematodes
most aquatic habitats, soil, moist plant tissues, body fluids…
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