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Study sets matching "biology 1406"

112 terms
Biology 1406
Biology
7 criteria of life
The Biology
Reductionism
the study of life
order... regulation... energy processing... growth & development... repro…
ecosystems... communities... populations... organisms... organs & systems…
studying lower level of hierarchy to better understand (going…
Biology
the study of life
7 criteria of life
order... regulation... energy processing... growth & development... repro…
112 terms
Biology 1406
Biology
7 criteria of life
The Biosphere
Reductionism
the study of life
order... regulation... energy processing... growth & development... repro…
ecosystems... communities... populations... organisms... organs & systems…
studying lower level of hierarchy to better understand (going…
Biology
the study of life
7 criteria of life
order... regulation... energy processing... growth & development... repro…
56 terms
Biology 1406 Chapter 2
Matter
Weight
Mass
Element
anything that occupies space and has mass or weight.
is a measure of gravitational attraction and can vary
the amount of matter and is constant
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass or weight.
Weight
is a measure of gravitational attraction and can vary
141 terms
Biology 1406 Exam 4
Heterotrophs (consumers)
Cyclic Photophosphorylation
phosphorylation
Stroma
organisms that feed on plants and other animals
photosystem in which electrons return to the system
addition of phosphate molecuel to another molecule
where the calvin cycle takes place in the chloroplast
Heterotrophs (consumers)
organisms that feed on plants and other animals
Cyclic Photophosphorylation
photosystem in which electrons return to the system
18 terms
Chapter 4 Biology 1406
When a double bond joins two carbon at…
Enantiomers are __________.
Biologically important chemical groups…
Carbon's atomic number is 6. This mean…
cis-trans isomers
mirror-image isomers of a molecule
*water (H2O)... phosphate group (-PO3-2)... YOU WERE SURE AND INC…
6; 4; 4
When a double bond joins two carbon at…
cis-trans isomers
Enantiomers are __________.
mirror-image isomers of a molecule
106 terms
Biology 1406
Cell
Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukaryotes
Atoms
C, H, O, N
The smallest unit that has all of the characteristics of life…
The Three Major domains of life are
Organisms are composed of molecules, which are collections of…
The four most common elemnts in living organisms are
Cell
The smallest unit that has all of the characteristics of life…
Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukaryotes
The Three Major domains of life are
107 terms
Biology 1406 Exam #1
Biology
Hypothesis
Theory
Levels of Organization
the scientific study of life
a suggested explanation for an observation which can be tested
a tested observation with an explanation
Small --to--> Big ... Atom - molecule - macromolecules - organel…
Biology
the scientific study of life
Hypothesis
a suggested explanation for an observation which can be tested
204 terms
Biology 1406 Final
Every cell uses DNA as its genetic inf…
Energy from sunlight is converted to c…
Genetic information is encoded in the…
The cell is an organism's basic unit o…
Theme #1: The cell is an organism's basic unit of structure a…
Theme #2: Life requires energy transfer and transformation. W…
Theme #3: The continuity of life is based on heritable inform…
What is Theme #1?
Every cell uses DNA as its genetic inf…
Theme #1: The cell is an organism's basic unit of structure a…
Energy from sunlight is converted to c…
Theme #2: Life requires energy transfer and transformation. W…
46 terms
Biology 1406
Mechanistic and a belief in absolute t…
A vitalist
Observation
First Four steps of scientific method
The natural philosophy of Aristotle and his colleagues
A person who believe that the universe is at least partially…
The first step of the scientific method
Observe carefully, ask a question, construct a hypothesis, fo…
Mechanistic and a belief in absolute t…
The natural philosophy of Aristotle and his colleagues
A vitalist
A person who believe that the universe is at least partially…
38 terms
Biology 1406
Carotenes
Xanthophyll
Chlorophyll a
Chlorophyll b
yellow-orange pigments it is a Accessory Pigment found in man…
Accessory Pigment.yellow pigments form one of two major divis…
Light to medium green. Main photosynthetic pigment. absorbs l…
Accessory Pigment. absorbs light in the blue and red regions…
Carotenes
yellow-orange pigments it is a Accessory Pigment found in man…
Xanthophyll
Accessory Pigment.yellow pigments form one of two major divis…
23 terms
Biology 1406
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Atomic Number
Positively charged particles, located in the nucleus
Neutral particles, located in the nucleus
Negatively charges particles, located in the orbitals around…
Numbers of protons also equals the number of electrons
Protons
Positively charged particles, located in the nucleus
Neutrons
Neutral particles, located in the nucleus
26 terms
Biology 1406 Chapter 17
Sex Chromosomes:
X and Y chromosomes:
Anaphase I of meiosis:
Random Fertilization:
X and Y chromosomes determine the sex of an individual
-Carry different genes... -Differ in length... -Contain small regio…
Sex chromosomes segregate
1:1 ratio of female:male at time of fertilization
Sex Chromosomes:
X and Y chromosomes determine the sex of an individual
X and Y chromosomes:
-Carry different genes... -Differ in length... -Contain small regio…
25 terms
BIOLOGY 1406
Condensation
Hydrolisis
Function of Disaccharides
Oligosaccharides
A type of reaction in which a H is removed from one molecule…
The opposite of condensation, ... occurs during the digestion (b…
Food storage in many plants.... Example - Sucrose
"Name tag cell" Cell identity, cell to cell interactions
Condensation
A type of reaction in which a H is removed from one molecule…
Hydrolisis
The opposite of condensation, ... occurs during the digestion (b…
34 terms
biology 1406
1. The process referred to as ________…
2. Which of the following statements d…
3. Where does glycolysis take place in…
4. The oxygen consumed during cellular…
A) fermentation
A) C6H12O6 is oxidized and O2 is reduced
E) cytosol
B) accepting electrons at the end of the electron transport c…
1. The process referred to as ________…
A) fermentation
2. Which of the following statements d…
A) C6H12O6 is oxidized and O2 is reduced
59 terms
Biology 1406
Structural Isomers
Geometric Isomers
Optical Isomers or Enantiomers
Monomer
Same chemical formula but a completely different arrangement…
Same chemical and structural formula but a different orientat…
Same chemical and structural formula, but the arrangement of…
An organic compound composed of a single simple organic molec…
Structural Isomers
Same chemical formula but a completely different arrangement…
Geometric Isomers
Same chemical and structural formula but a different orientat…
85 terms
Biology 1406
Haploid
Diploid
What does it mean to be haploid?
What does it mean to be diploid?
Half the diploid or normal number of chromosomes in a somatic…
The normal number of chromosomes in a somatic cell; in humans…
Only having a single set of unpaired chromosomes.
Containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each pa…
Haploid
Half the diploid or normal number of chromosomes in a somatic…
Diploid
The normal number of chromosomes in a somatic cell; in humans…
68 terms
WCJC Biology 1406 Final
Biology
Negative Feedback
Positive Feedback
Genes
The study of life
as more product accumulates, the process that creates it slow…
as more product accumulates, the process that creates it spee…
the unit of inheritance that transmit information from parent…
Biology
The study of life
Negative Feedback
as more product accumulates, the process that creates it slow…
43 terms
Biology 1406
About 25 of the 92 natural elements ar…
Why is each element unique and differe…
An atom has 6 electrons in its outer s…
Oxygen has an atomic number of 8. What…
D) carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
C) Each element has a unique number of protons in its nucleus
B) 2
oxygen has 8 proton
About 25 of the 92 natural elements ar…
D) carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
Why is each element unique and differe…
C) Each element has a unique number of protons in its nucleus
36 terms
Biology 1406
Which of the functions (1 or more) lis…
2. True or False. All polypeptides are…
. The bonding of two amino acid molecu…
4. Which bonds are created during the…
A) structural support... B) transport... C) cellular communication…
true
D) the release of a water molecule
A) peptide bonds
Which of the functions (1 or more) lis…
A) structural support... B) transport... C) cellular communication…
2. True or False. All polypeptides are…
true
14 terms
Biology 1406
Define Biology
living things
non-living things
8 characteristics of life
study of life
characterized by eight characteristics of life; represent a h…
do not exhibit the same characteristics as living things,
1. specific organization 2. metabolism 3. homeostasis 4. grow…
Define Biology
study of life
living things
characterized by eight characteristics of life; represent a h…
15 terms
Biology 1406
DNA
catalyst
beta pleated sheet
X-ray crystallography
breakdown of secondary and tertiary structure of a protein by…
a structure that speeds up a chemical reaction
a secondary level of protein structure formed when one or mor…
technique that can determine the structure of molecules, incl…
DNA
breakdown of secondary and tertiary structure of a protein by…
catalyst
a structure that speeds up a chemical reaction
20 terms
Biology 1406
Cellulose
Phospholipids
Protein
Nitrogenous Bases
A structural polysaccharide in plants.
Form cell membranes
Some of these are enzymes.
In DNA, form H-bonds to keep the two strands together; Contai…
Cellulose
A structural polysaccharide in plants.
Phospholipids
Form cell membranes
116 terms
Biology 1406
During a study session about evolution…
Charles Darwin _____.
An adaptation is _____.
From his observations of organisms in…
Characteristics acquired during an organism's life are genera…
Proposed natural selection as the mechanism of evolution
A trait that gives an organism a reproductive advantage in th…
organisms had adapted to new environments, giving rise to new…
During a study session about evolution…
Characteristics acquired during an organism's life are genera…
Charles Darwin _____.
Proposed natural selection as the mechanism of evolution
13 terms
Biology 1406
Science
What are the 6 steps of the Scientific…
Hypothesis
Scientific Theory
derived from Latin origin meaning "knowledge"
1. Observation... 2 Question... 3. Hypothesis- statement... 4. Predict…
a testable explanation for a set of observations based on the…
a widely accepted explanatory idea that is broader in scope t…
Science
derived from Latin origin meaning "knowledge"
What are the 6 steps of the Scientific…
1. Observation... 2 Question... 3. Hypothesis- statement... 4. Predict…
236 terms
Biology 1406: Exam 1
bio-
eu-
homeo
karyo
life or relating to living or organisms
good; well
likeness, resemblance; similarity
nucleus of a cell
bio-
life or relating to living or organisms
eu-
good; well
189 terms
Biology 1406: Exam 2
alkal(i)-
allo-
ana-
-ase
basic or alkaline; a substance that can neutralize an acid to…
divergence; difference from; other
up; back
enzyme
alkal(i)-
basic or alkaline; a substance that can neutralize an acid to…
allo-
divergence; difference from; other
39 terms
biology 1406
ATP-(ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE)
ENZYMES
PROJECT GNOME
MINERALS (COFACTORS) AND VITAMINS (COE…
AN ORGANIC COMPOUND THAT SUPPLIES ENERGY TO LIVING CELLS
LARGE QUARTENARY PROTEINS THAT ACT AS A CATALYST FOR CHEMICAL…
SCIENTIFIC STUDY MAPPED THE LOCATION OF THE GENES ON THE 46 H…
MANY ARE EITHER INCORPORATED INTO THE STRUCTURE OF THE ENZYME…
ATP-(ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE)
AN ORGANIC COMPOUND THAT SUPPLIES ENERGY TO LIVING CELLS
ENZYMES
LARGE QUARTENARY PROTEINS THAT ACT AS A CATALYST FOR CHEMICAL…
14 terms
Biology 1406
The seven characteristics of life incl…
What are the five steps of scientific…
All living organisms are largely compo…
What are the physical and chemical pro…
responsiveness to the environment; growth and change; ability…
1. Observation ... 2. Hypothesis ... 3. Experimentation ... 4. The dat…
The elements oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen account f…
Chemical and Physical Properties. Chemically, water is a comp…
The seven characteristics of life incl…
responsiveness to the environment; growth and change; ability…
What are the five steps of scientific…
1. Observation ... 2. Hypothesis ... 3. Experimentation ... 4. The dat…
76 terms
Biology 1406 Exam 3
functions of cells that require energy
photosynthesis
three pathways of cellular respiration
catabolic pathways
assembling polymers, pumping substances across membranes, mov…
generates oxygen and organic molecules, used by the mitochond…
glycolysis, citric acid cycle, oxidation phosphorylation.
pathways that release stored energy by breaking down complex…
functions of cells that require energy
assembling polymers, pumping substances across membranes, mov…
photosynthesis
generates oxygen and organic molecules, used by the mitochond…
71 terms
Biology 1406 Exam 2
Why is it more beneficial for cells to…
Organelles
Prokayotic Cells
Bacteria and Archaea.
able to diffuse through materials easily, easier to replicate…
enclosed structures in Eukaryotic cells.
DNA is not enclosed ; inside Nucleoid
Prokaryotic Cells
Why is it more beneficial for cells to…
able to diffuse through materials easily, easier to replicate…
Organelles
enclosed structures in Eukaryotic cells.
41 terms
Biology Chapter 2 1406
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
Basic unit of matter.
The center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons.
Negatively charged particle, located outside the atomic nucle…
Substance consisting entirely of one type of atom.
Atom
Basic unit of matter.
Nucleus
The center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons.
30 terms
Biology 1406 chapter 5
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomers
Enzymes
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and proteins.
Long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
Repeating units that serve as a building block of a polymer a…
...proteins
Macromolecules
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and proteins.
Polymer
Long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
48 terms
Biology 1406 - Chapter 14
Character
Trait
Crosspollination
True-breeding
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
Each variant for a character, such as color etc.
Fertilization between different plants.
Self-pollination - Varieties producing only the same varity a…
Character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
Trait
Each variant for a character, such as color etc.
74 terms
Biology 1406 Test 2
allosteric site
active form
factors the influence enzyme action
atp
2nd site, non-competitive to the active site, the way enzymes…
The shape an enzyme is in when it can bind substrate
Temperature and pH: if it is different, the product is denatu…
high energy molecule (adenosine triphosphate) main energy sou…
allosteric site
2nd site, non-competitive to the active site, the way enzymes…
active form
The shape an enzyme is in when it can bind substrate
34 terms
Biology 1406 Ch.6
Cell Theory
What determines cell size?
Light Microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope
All living things composed of cells
Ration of cell surface area to cell volume.
Light is the source of illumination, thus the maximal practic…
Electrons serve as the source of illumination, with a magnifi…
Cell Theory
All living things composed of cells
What determines cell size?
Ration of cell surface area to cell volume.
56 terms
Biology 1406 Ch 1
Biology
Hierarchy of Life
Biosphere
Ecosystems
Investigation of life ranging from the molecular level to the…
biosphere, ecosystem, community, population, organism, organ…
Consists of all life on Earth and all the places where life e…
Consists of all the living things in a particular area, along…
Biology
Investigation of life ranging from the molecular level to the…
Hierarchy of Life
biosphere, ecosystem, community, population, organism, organ…
33 terms
Biology 1406 - Chapter 11
Signal trunsduction pathway
Cell-cell Recognition
Local regulator
Paracrine signalling
Series of steps that converts received signal to specific cel…
Communication via direct contact between membrane-bound cell-…
Short distance messenger molecules that invluence cells in th…
Local signally where a secreting cell acts on nearby target c…
Signal trunsduction pathway
Series of steps that converts received signal to specific cel…
Cell-cell Recognition
Communication via direct contact between membrane-bound cell-…
73 terms
Biology 1406 Exam 5
The pairing of homologous chromosomes…
These are the fibers, of the spindle a…
This is the phase of meiosis when the…
This is the phase at the end of Meiosi…
Synapsis
Kinetochore microtubules
Anaphase I
Interkinesis
The pairing of homologous chromosomes…
Synapsis
These are the fibers, of the spindle a…
Kinetochore microtubules
88 terms
Biology 1406 Lab Exam 3
autotrophs
photosynthetic reaction equation
What are the Products of photosynthesis?
What is the source of light energy for…
"self feeders", photosynthetic plants, protozoans and bacteri…
oxygen,glucose and water
the sun
autotrophs
"self feeders", photosynthetic plants, protozoans and bacteri…
photosynthetic reaction equation
123 terms
Biology 1406 exam 3
sun
producers
consumer
autotrophs
what is the ultimate source of energy
plants, algae, some bacteria, use energy from the sun to gene…
organic molecules can be utilized by the producer or ingested…
produce their own organic molecules
sun
what is the ultimate source of energy
producers
plants, algae, some bacteria, use energy from the sun to gene…
Biology 1406 Ch 13
Heredity
Variation
Genetics
Genes
The transmission of traits from one generation to the next
The differences in appearance that offspring show from parent…
The scientific study of heredity and variation
The units of heredity and variation are made up of segments o…
Heredity
The transmission of traits from one generation to the next
Variation
The differences in appearance that offspring show from parent…
155 terms
Biology 1406 Lecture Final
Properties of Life
Levels of Biological Organization
Systems Biology
Classifying Organisms (Life)
Energy Processing, Order, Growth and Development, Evolutionar…
The Biosphere, Ecosystems, Communities, Populations, Organism…
The exploration of a biological system by analyzing the inter…
Taxonomy is the branch of biology that names and classifies s…
Properties of Life
Energy Processing, Order, Growth and Development, Evolutionar…
Levels of Biological Organization
The Biosphere, Ecosystems, Communities, Populations, Organism…
47 terms
1406 Ch. 6 Biology openstax
thermodynamics
energy
kinetic
potential
energy changes
capacity to do work
energy in motion
stored energy
thermodynamics
energy changes
energy
capacity to do work
72 terms
Biology 1406 Chapter 6
Light Microscope
Parameters In Microscopy
Organelles
Electron Microscope
(microscope) where visible light is passed through the specim…
Magnification is the ratio of an object's image size to its r…
the membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells
(microscope) a beam of electrons is focused through the speci…
Light Microscope
(microscope) where visible light is passed through the specim…
Parameters In Microscopy
Magnification is the ratio of an object's image size to its r…
90 terms
Biology 1406 Exam 2
What are tissues?
What are some examples of tissues?
What are the issues faced with multice…
What are some structures that enhance…
Groups of cells working collectively.
1) Plasma Membranes ... 2) Cell Walls
1) Cell-to-cell adhesion... 2) Communication between cells of an…
1) Between plant cells it is the middle Amelia.... 2) Between an…
What are tissues?
Groups of cells working collectively.
What are some examples of tissues?
1) Plasma Membranes ... 2) Cell Walls
85 terms
Biology 1406 Exam 1
Hierarchy of Biological Organization (…
Hypothesis
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system,…
A tentative explanation or educated guess to explain the obse…
the experimental factor that is being manipulated
Shows a response to manipulation of the independent variable
Hierarchy of Biological Organization (…
atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system,…
Hypothesis
A tentative explanation or educated guess to explain the obse…
42 terms
Biology 1406 Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Atom
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
A substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
The smallest unit of matter that still retains the properties…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
35 terms
BIOLOGY 1406 Exam 1
Using the standard terminology to desc…
Mating a true-breeding pink rose plant…
The physical appearance of an organism…
The term for "dominant" means that:... (A…
A
B
E
C
Using the standard terminology to desc…
A
Mating a true-breeding pink rose plant…
B
32 terms
BIOLOGY 1406 Exam 2
Which of the following statements abou…
________________ determined the struct…
The two molecules that alternate to fo…
Chargaff determined that DNA from any…
D
B
C
E
Which of the following statements abou…
D
________________ determined the struct…
B
25 terms
Biology 1406 Chapter 6
Potential energy
Kinetic Energy
First law of thermodynamics
Often called the law of conservation o…
stored energy
energy in motion
Energy cannot be created or destroyed
First law of thermodynamics
Potential energy
stored energy
Kinetic Energy
energy in motion
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