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Study sets matching "biology 1408"

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Study sets matching "biology 1408"

197 terms
Biology 1408
Pilot Studies
Clinical Trials
Longitudinal Studies
Discovery Based Studies
-Small scale studies... - Done to test an idea or experimental d…
-Human test subjects... -Common w medical and behavioral researc…
-$$$; ... -Longterm studies... -Following the same individuals for…
-Need baseline information... -Collect as much data as we can... -o…
Pilot Studies
-Small scale studies... - Done to test an idea or experimental d…
Clinical Trials
-Human test subjects... -Common w medical and behavioral researc…
28 terms
Biology 1408 3: Biomolecules
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
Carbohydrate
a large molecule composed of smaller molecules joined together
a large molecule composed of similar subunits joined via cova…
a small subunit that composes polymers
a sugar composed of monosaccharides, disaccharides, or polysa…
Macromolecule
a large molecule composed of smaller molecules joined together
Polymer
a large molecule composed of similar subunits joined via cova…
148 terms
Biology 1408
Cellulose
thymine, guanine, adenine, and cytosine
Starch
RNA contains uracil; DNA contains thym…
Which polysaccharide consists of many long straight chains of…
DNA nucleotides include ______.
Which polysaccharide consists of individual long, twisted, un…
How does RNA differ from DNA?
Cellulose
Which polysaccharide consists of many long straight chains of…
thymine, guanine, adenine, and cytosine
DNA nucleotides include ______.
36 terms
BIOLOGY 1408
applied science
atom
basic science
biology
a from of science that solves real-world problems
a basic unit of matter that cannot be broken down by normal c…
science that seeks to expand knowledge regardless of the shor…
the study of living organisms and their interactions with one…
applied science
a from of science that solves real-world problems
atom
a basic unit of matter that cannot be broken down by normal c…
123 terms
Biology 1408 Final
What is cellular respiration
What is the equation for cellular resp…
What types of organisms perform cellul…
What is photosynthesis?
Cellular respiration is the process of oxidizing food molecul…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H2O → 12H2O + 6 CO2
All organisms
the process by which green plants and some other organisms us…
What is cellular respiration
Cellular respiration is the process of oxidizing food molecul…
What is the equation for cellular resp…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H2O → 12H2O + 6 CO2
16 terms
Biology 1408
Malnutrition
Nutrients
Energy
Macronutrients
The medical condition resulting from the lack of any essentia…
Components in food that the body needs to grow, develop, and…
The ability to do work, including building complex molecules.
Nutrients, including carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, that…
Malnutrition
The medical condition resulting from the lack of any essentia…
Nutrients
Components in food that the body needs to grow, develop, and…
109 terms
Biology 1408
Living Things
Archaea (Prokaryotes)
Bacteria (Prokaryotes)
Eukarya (Eukaryotes)
Are organized; Acquire materials and energy; Reproduce Respon…
Primitive cells, no cell nuclei living in extreme environments.
Primitive, no cell nuclei and are found in most environments.
Cells with nuclei and includes protista, fungi, plantae and a…
Living Things
Are organized; Acquire materials and energy; Reproduce Respon…
Archaea (Prokaryotes)
Primitive cells, no cell nuclei living in extreme environments.
148 terms
Biology 1408
Cellulose
thymine, guanine, adenine, and cytosine
Starch
RNA contains uracil; DNA contains thym…
Which polysaccharide consists of many long straight chains of…
DNA nucleotides include ______.
Which polysaccharide consists of individual long, twisted, un…
How does RNA differ from DNA?
Cellulose
Which polysaccharide consists of many long straight chains of…
thymine, guanine, adenine, and cytosine
DNA nucleotides include ______.
75 terms
Biology 1408
1. Which of the following statements a…
2. Life is organized in a hierarchical…
3. What is the difference between a ti…
4. The tree in your backyard is home t…
Organisms have an unchanging, constant internal environment
Molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organ…
An organ system includes tissues.
Community
1. Which of the following statements a…
Organisms have an unchanging, constant internal environment
2. Life is organized in a hierarchical…
Molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organ…
75 terms
Biology 1408
1. Which of the following statements a…
2. Life is organized in a hierarchical…
3. What is the difference between a ti…
4. The tree in your backyard is home t…
Organisms have an unchanging, constant internal environment
Molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organ…
An organ system includes tissues.
Community
1. Which of the following statements a…
Organisms have an unchanging, constant internal environment
2. Life is organized in a hierarchical…
Molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organ…
9 terms
Biology 1408
Organization
Taxa
metric system
meter
chemical,organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, multi-…
domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
kilo,hecto,deka,base,deci,centi,milli,--,micro,--,nano,--,pico
length
Organization
chemical,organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, multi-…
Taxa
domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
12 terms
Biology 1408
1. Atom
2. Molecule
3.Organelle
4. Cell
Smallest chemical unit type substance
Group joined atoms
Membrane bound structure has specific function in cell
Fundamental unit of life
1. Atom
Smallest chemical unit type substance
2. Molecule
Group joined atoms
147 terms
Biology 1408
Which is not a property of enzymes?
The proteins that catalyze (accelerate…
How does ATP provide energy to a cell?
The minimal amout of energy required f…
Enzymes lower activation energy, but are destroyed during the…
Enzymes
It loses a phosphate group, releasing energy in the process.
Basal metabolic rate
Which is not a property of enzymes?
Enzymes lower activation energy, but are destroyed during the…
The proteins that catalyze (accelerate…
Enzymes
53 terms
Biology 1408
5 Theories of Life
The Cell Theory
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
1) The Cell Theory... 2) The Gene Theory... 3) The Theory of Homeos…
is the basic unit of live. All living organisms are made up o…
chemical reactions that occur in the cell.
when plants use the sun to get energy.
5 Theories of Life
1) The Cell Theory... 2) The Gene Theory... 3) The Theory of Homeos…
The Cell Theory
is the basic unit of live. All living organisms are made up o…
255 terms
Biology 1408
Biology
7 Properties of life
Biosphere
Ecosystem
The scientific study of life
Order, reproduction, growth & development, energy processing,…
All of earth's environments that support life
All living organisms in a particular area
Biology
The scientific study of life
7 Properties of life
Order, reproduction, growth & development, energy processing,…
33 terms
biology 1408
what is heredity?
genetics
what has the same gene sequence
same locus on homologous chroromosomes
passing of traits from parent to offspring
the study of genes and heredity
homologous chromosomes
alleles
what is heredity?
passing of traits from parent to offspring
genetics
the study of genes and heredity
97 terms
Biology 1408
What is DNA Technology, List several f…
What is recombinant DNA ?
What is transgenic organism ?
List 5 characteristics that have been…
manipulation of genes for some practical purpose, Fields: res…
genetic material that has been spliced together from multiple…
individual that receives recombinant DNA
...
What is DNA Technology, List several f…
manipulation of genes for some practical purpose, Fields: res…
What is recombinant DNA ?
genetic material that has been spliced together from multiple…
87 terms
BIOLOGY 1408--Test 3
Characteristics of RNA are....
Who came up with base parings and what…
Semiconservative model
Conservative model
phosphate, sugar, nitrogenous base (a, g, c, U), single stran…
Chargoff... amount of A = amount of T... amoung of G = amount of C
both dna strands contains one parental strand and one new str…
1 DNA strand contains all parental DNA and the other contains…
Characteristics of RNA are....
phosphate, sugar, nitrogenous base (a, g, c, U), single stran…
Who came up with base parings and what…
Chargoff... amount of A = amount of T... amoung of G = amount of C
91 terms
Biology 1408 Chapter 2
Characteristics of living organisms
Define Biology
How do atoms relate to elements?
atomic number
1. cell organization... 2. Energy use and metabolism... 3. Response…
the study of life and living organisms
each atom is a specific chemical element, it cannot be broken…
-provides elemental ID... -same as the number of protons (and sa…
Characteristics of living organisms
1. cell organization... 2. Energy use and metabolism... 3. Response…
Define Biology
the study of life and living organisms
82 terms
Biology 1408 Exam 3
Mutation
Point Mutation
Allele
Locus
Change in a cells DNA Sequence
Changes 1 or a few base pairs in a gene
Alternate version of a gene
Genes location on a chromosome
Mutation
Change in a cells DNA Sequence
Point Mutation
Changes 1 or a few base pairs in a gene
54 terms
Test 4 Biology 1408 Review
1. What is the scientific study of her…
2. Who was the father of genetics?
3. What is the difference between a ch…
4. What are hybrids?
Genetics is the scientific study of heredity. Heredity is the…
Gregor Mendel
Character - Heritable feature among individuals... - Flower Col…
Offspring of two different purebred varieties
1. What is the scientific study of her…
Genetics is the scientific study of heredity. Heredity is the…
2. Who was the father of genetics?
Gregor Mendel
55 terms
Mid Term Biology 1408 Lab
Magnification
Contrast
Field of view
Parfocal
The amount the image of an object is enlarged. Ex: 100x
The degree to which image details stand out against their bac…
The area visible through the microscope eyepiece
The lens (or objective) stays in focus although the magnifica…
Magnification
The amount the image of an object is enlarged. Ex: 100x
Contrast
The degree to which image details stand out against their bac…
71 terms
Biology 1408 Midterm
MSDS - what does it stand for and what…
What are the 8 taxa of the modern taxo…
What are the domains of life?
List characteristics associated with o…
Material Safety Data Sheet... Identification - what is it?... Hazar…
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order... Family... Genus... Species
Domain Archaea... Domain Bacteria... Domain Eukarya
Prokaryotic (no nucleus)... Single celled organism... Microscopic... L…
MSDS - what does it stand for and what…
Material Safety Data Sheet... Identification - what is it?... Hazar…
What are the 8 taxa of the modern taxo…
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order... Family... Genus... Species
126 terms
1408 BIOLOGY LAB - Midterm
Define magnification
Define resolution
Define contrast
Define field of view
The amount that an object's image is enlarged
The extent to which detail in an image is preserved during th…
The degree to which image details stand out against their bac…
Circle of light that is visible through the lens
Define magnification
The amount that an object's image is enlarged
Define resolution
The extent to which detail in an image is preserved during th…
126 terms
1408 BIOLOGY LAB - Midterm
Define magnification
Define resolution
Define contrast
Define field of view
The amount that an object's image is enlarged
The extent to which detail in an image is preserved during th…
The degree to which image details stand out against their bac…
Circle of light that is visible through the lens
Define magnification
The amount that an object's image is enlarged
Define resolution
The extent to which detail in an image is preserved during th…
74 terms
Biology 1408 Exam 1
Deductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
Controlled Experiment
Three Domains of Life
The process of:... - Generating hypotheses about the results of…
-A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a larg…
_A test of the effect of a single variable by changing it whi…
1.Bacteria: Bacteria (one- celled) ... 2.Archaea: (one-celled pr…
Deductive Reasoning
The process of:... - Generating hypotheses about the results of…
Inductive Reasoning
-A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a larg…
33 terms
Biology 1408 Chapter 9
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Conjugation
Chromosome
Form of reproduction where a single organism copies it's DNA…
Reproduction that requires two parents and produces genetical…
Bacterial reproduction where the bacterium uses an outgrowth…
A single molecule of DNA and its associated proteins in a con…
Asexual Reproduction
Form of reproduction where a single organism copies it's DNA…
Sexual Reproduction
Reproduction that requires two parents and produces genetical…
15 terms
Biology 1408 Ch 1.1 Invitation to Biology
Atom
Biology
Biosphere
Cell
Fundamental building block of all matter.
The scientific study of life.
All regions of earth where organisms live.
Smallest unit of life
Atom
Fundamental building block of all matter.
Biology
The scientific study of life.
66 terms
Biology 1408 Exam 4
Which of the following is the best def…
When a human gene is inserted into a y…
Which of these is a transgenic organis…
Which of the following best defines th…
C) DNA that carries genes from different organisms
A) All life on Earth is genetically related.
A) An organism carrying a gene that was acquired by artificia…
C) An animal containing a gene from a third "parent," which m…
Which of the following is the best def…
C) DNA that carries genes from different organisms
When a human gene is inserted into a y…
A) All life on Earth is genetically related.
41 terms
Biology 1408 Chapter 10
Gene
Allele
Chromosome
Diploid Cell
Portion of DNA sequence that encodes for a protein.
Alternate version the same gene can take.
A molecule that is composed of long strands of DNA and its as…
Contains two sets of each chromosome, one from each parent.
Gene
Portion of DNA sequence that encodes for a protein.
Allele
Alternate version the same gene can take.
30 terms
Biology 1408 Ch. 1
Characteristics of Life
Photosynthesis
Metabolism
Autotroph
-Is organized... -Requires energy... -Maintains internal constancy…
Biochemical reaction that allows organisms to convert the ene…
Collective number of chemical reactions that maintain life.
Producer photosynthetic organism that creates its own energy…
Characteristics of Life
-Is organized... -Requires energy... -Maintains internal constancy…
Photosynthesis
Biochemical reaction that allows organisms to convert the ene…
45 terms
Biology 1408 ch. 8
Define Genes
Gene structure
Regulatory Sequence
Promoter
-segments of DNA that code for a protein or RNA molecule... -may…
regulatory sequence, promoter, transcriptional unit, terminator
-"gas/break pedal"... -acts as a binding point for regulatory pr…
-starting point for transcription... -RNA polymerase binds to a…
Define Genes
-segments of DNA that code for a protein or RNA molecule... -may…
Gene structure
regulatory sequence, promoter, transcriptional unit, terminator
11 terms
Biology 1408 chapter 2
Living organisms are subject to basic…
Give one demonstration of chemistry in…
Organisms are composed of
__________ is anything that takes up s…
physics and chemistry
is the use of formic acid by ants "devils garden"
matter
matter
Living organisms are subject to basic…
physics and chemistry
Give one demonstration of chemistry in…
is the use of formic acid by ants "devils garden"
111 terms
Lab Midterm, Biology 1408, Eamma
Meter
Tools of measuring length
Liter
Tools of measuring volume
the international unit of length
-meter stick... -yardstick... -ruler
the international unit of volume
-beaker... -graduated cylinders... -graduated pipettes (with pipett…
Meter
the international unit of length
Tools of measuring length
-meter stick... -yardstick... -ruler
42 terms
Biology 1408 Photosynthesis
Autotroph
What is the most common autotroph?
Heterotroph
Herbivores
Organisms that are able to synthesize organic molecules. (als…
Photosynthetic autotroph
Organisms that must take in performed organic molecules. (als…
animals that feed directly on plants or algae
Autotroph
Organisms that are able to synthesize organic molecules. (als…
What is the most common autotroph?
Photosynthetic autotroph
21 terms
Biology 1408 Chapter 2
What subatomic particles make up the n…
When an atom loses an electron, what h…
Glucose (a monosaccharide) has the mol…
Why are lipids unique when compared to…
within the nucleus - protons and neutrons; surround the nucle…
It becomes positively charged
6
Lipids do not contain monomers, which repeat to make polymers…
What subatomic particles make up the n…
within the nucleus - protons and neutrons; surround the nucle…
When an atom loses an electron, what h…
It becomes positively charged
49 terms
Biology 1408 Chapter 8
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Meiosis
Gamete
The method of replicating genetic information and splitting t…
The method of producing offspring of two parents that is gene…
Specialized cell division that produces sex cells.
Sex cells. Either eggs or sperm.
Asexual Reproduction
The method of replicating genetic information and splitting t…
Sexual Reproduction
The method of producing offspring of two parents that is gene…
242 terms
Biology 1408: Final Exam
Which one of the following is true abo…
A good hypothesis must:
Choose the answer that best describes…
The role of a control in an experiment…
Scientific knowledge is not absolute, because the possibility…
be falsifiable.
observation, hypothesis, experiment, conclusion
provide a basis of comparison to an experimental group.
Which one of the following is true abo…
Scientific knowledge is not absolute, because the possibility…
A good hypothesis must:
be falsifiable.
Biology 1408 - Exam #4
Which of the following parts of the fl…
In a mendelian monohybrid cross, the _…
In which kind of cross would you expec…
Mendel's law of segregation implies th…
The carpel
F1
Monohybrid cross
Are distributed to separate gametes
Which of the following parts of the fl…
The carpel
In a mendelian monohybrid cross, the _…
F1
44 terms
Biology 1408 : Exam 1
What is the difference between Prokary…
Organisation in an organism.... AMOCTOOO
Name some prokaryotes.
Name the Archae that make methane gas.
Prokaryotes- single celled organism without a nucleus.... Eukar…
A - atom... M - molecule... O - organelle... C - Cell... T - tissue... O - o…
bacteria; spirillum; extreme condition bacteria
methanogens
What is the difference between Prokary…
Prokaryotes- single celled organism without a nucleus.... Eukar…
Organisation in an organism.... AMOCTOOO
A - atom... M - molecule... O - organelle... C - Cell... T - tissue... O - o…
18 terms
Biology 1408 : Lab(Diffusion)
Simple diffusion is defined as the mov…
When sugar is mixed with water, equili…
The rate of diffusion is affected by w…
The molecules in a solid lump of sugar…
molecules from areas of higher concentration to areas of lowe…
the dissolved sugar molecules are evenly distributed througho…
temperature, concentration gradient, and size/weight of molec…
false
Simple diffusion is defined as the mov…
molecules from areas of higher concentration to areas of lowe…
When sugar is mixed with water, equili…
the dissolved sugar molecules are evenly distributed througho…
60 terms
Biology 1408 Exam 3
Genes are carried on ______. ... A) Ce…
A(n) ______ is an example of an organi…
The chromosomes of eukaryotic cells ar…
Chromatin consists of ______. ... A) R…
D) Chromosomes
C) Amoeba
B) Nucleus
B) DNA and Protein
Genes are carried on ______. ... A) Ce…
D) Chromosomes
A(n) ______ is an example of an organi…
C) Amoeba
96 terms
Biology 1408 FInal
One compound that is a product of the…
The first step of the Calvin Cycle is…
the last stage of one complete turn of…
If an herbicide blocked the Calvin cyc…
B) G3P
C) CO2...RuBP
D) regeneration of RuBP
D) No sugar would be made by the plant.
One compound that is a product of the…
B) G3P
The first step of the Calvin Cycle is…
C) CO2...RuBP
5 terms
Biology 1408 Ch. 1.7-1.8
Probability
Sampling Error
Statistically Significant
Law of Nature
The chance that a particular outcome of an event will occur;…
Difference between results derived from testing an entire gro…
Refers to a result that is statistically unlikely to have occ…
Generalization that describes a consistent natural phenomenon…
Probability
The chance that a particular outcome of an event will occur;…
Sampling Error
Difference between results derived from testing an entire gro…
19 terms
Biology 1408 Chapter 5
Photosynthesis
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Electromagnetic Spectrum
The process of converting solar energy into chemical energy.
Organism that obtains carbon by consuming preexisting organic…
Organism that uses inorganic substances to make organic compo…
Range of possible frequencies of radiation. Longer wavelength…
Photosynthesis
The process of converting solar energy into chemical energy.
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains carbon by consuming preexisting organic…
41 terms
Biology 1408 Chapter 10
Gene
Allele
Chromosome
Diploid Cell
Portion of DNA sequence that encodes for a protein.
Alternate version the same gene can take.
A molecule that is composed of long strands of DNA and its as…
Contains two sets of each chromosome, one from each parent.
Gene
Portion of DNA sequence that encodes for a protein.
Allele
Alternate version the same gene can take.
86 terms
Biology 1408 Chapter 1
Anecdotal Evidence
Peer Review
Hypothesis
Falsifiable
an informal observation that has not yet been systematically…
review of scientific work by professionals in that field of s…
a tentative explanation for a scientific observation or quest…
can be proven or disproven through scientific data
Anecdotal Evidence
an informal observation that has not yet been systematically…
Peer Review
review of scientific work by professionals in that field of s…
55 terms
Mid Term Biology 1408 Lab
Magnification
Contrast
Field of view
Parfocal
The amount the image of an object is enlarged. Ex: 100x
The degree to which image details stand out against their bac…
The area visible through the microscope eyepiece
The lens (or objective) stays in focus although the magnifica…
Magnification
The amount the image of an object is enlarged. Ex: 100x
Contrast
The degree to which image details stand out against their bac…
49 terms
Biology 1408 Chapter 8
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Meiosis
Gamete
The method of replicating genetic information and splitting t…
The method of producing offspring of two parents that is gene…
Specialized cell division that produces sex cells.
Sex cells. Either eggs or sperm.
Asexual Reproduction
The method of replicating genetic information and splitting t…
Sexual Reproduction
The method of producing offspring of two parents that is gene…
28 terms
Biology 1408 LAB
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
Carbohydrate
a large molecule composed of smaller molecules joined together
a large molecule composed of similar subunits joined via cova…
a small subunit that composes polymers
a sugar composed of monosaccharides, disaccharides, or polysa…
Macromolecule
a large molecule composed of smaller molecules joined together
Polymer
a large molecule composed of similar subunits joined via cova…
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