How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "biology 1500"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biology 1500"

121 terms
Biology 1500
Nucleoli are present during _____.
Cytokinesis often, but not always, acc…
Chromosomes become visible during _____.
Centromeres divide and sister chromati…
interphase
telophase
prophase
anaphase
Nucleoli are present during _____.
interphase
Cytokinesis often, but not always, acc…
telophase
80 terms
Biology 1500
Hadean Period
Age of Universe
Age of Earth
First Known Life
4.6-3.8 Billion years ago; no life existed
13.7 Billion years old
4.6 Billion years old
Bacteria
Hadean Period
4.6-3.8 Billion years ago; no life existed
Age of Universe
13.7 Billion years old
267 terms
Biology 1500
gene
allele
population
species
The basic unit of heredity; a sequence of DNA nucleotides on…
One of two or more alternative states of a gene. e.g. eye col…
Any group of individuals, usually of a single species, occupy…
A kind of organism, which is designated by binomial names wri…
gene
The basic unit of heredity; a sequence of DNA nucleotides on…
allele
One of two or more alternative states of a gene. e.g. eye col…
35 terms
BIOLOGY 1500
Cuvier
Lamarck
Darwin
mendel
comparative anatomy 'catastrophism' dissappearence of animals…
Acquired characters type of evolution
characteristics that are the strongest will be acquired
cross- breeding pea plants to see how traits are inherited
Cuvier
comparative anatomy 'catastrophism' dissappearence of animals…
Lamarck
Acquired characters type of evolution
132 terms
Biology 1500
gene
allele
population
species
The basic unit of heredity; a sequence of DNA nucleotides on…
One of two or more alternative states of a gene.
Any group of individuals, usually of a single species, occupy…
A kind of organism, which is designated by binomial names wri…
gene
The basic unit of heredity; a sequence of DNA nucleotides on…
allele
One of two or more alternative states of a gene.
95 terms
Biology 1500
gene
allele
population
species
The basic unit of heredity; a sequence of DNA nucleotides on…
One of two or more alternative states of a gene.
Any group of individuals, usually of a single species, occupy…
A kind of organism, which is designated by binomial names wri…
gene
The basic unit of heredity; a sequence of DNA nucleotides on…
allele
One of two or more alternative states of a gene.
132 terms
Biology 1500
gene
allele
population
species
The basic unit of heredity; a sequence of DNA nucleotides on…
One of two or more alternative states of a gene.
Any group of individuals, usually of a single species, occupy…
A kind of organism, which is designated by binomial names wri…
gene
The basic unit of heredity; a sequence of DNA nucleotides on…
allele
One of two or more alternative states of a gene.
122 terms
Biology 1500
Nephron
Bowman's Capsule
Vasa Recta
Glomerulus
Functional unit of the kidney.... Long, curled, tubular structu…
Saclike first section of kidney where glomerulus is located.
Capillary network surrounding each nephron.
Capillary bed inside Bowman's Capsule.
Nephron
Functional unit of the kidney.... Long, curled, tubular structu…
Bowman's Capsule
Saclike first section of kidney where glomerulus is located.
68 terms
Biology 1500
Hypothesis
Experiments
Prediction
Scientific Theory
...
...
...
...
Hypothesis
...
Experiments
...
262 terms
Biology 1500 - Exam 2
Nucleotides
4 Nucleobases of DNA
4 Nucleobases of RNA
What kind of sugar does RNA use vs DNA?
Made up of Nitrogenous Base, 5-Carbon Sugar, and Phosphate Gr…
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine
Adenine, URACIL, Cytosine, Guanine
DNA uses a deoxyribose, RNA uses Ribose
Nucleotides
Made up of Nitrogenous Base, 5-Carbon Sugar, and Phosphate Gr…
4 Nucleobases of DNA
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine
145 terms
Biology 1500
What ensures that only quality scienti…
What are the human activities that cou…
A genetic mutation that allows lions t…
Why is it trickier to determine LD50 a…
Peer review
Habitat destruction, pollution, and anthropogenic climate cha…
Coevolve to avoid the lions more effectively
They may be more dangerous at low doses than at high doses.
What ensures that only quality scienti…
Peer review
What are the human activities that cou…
Habitat destruction, pollution, and anthropogenic climate cha…
17 terms
Biology 1500 Bacteria
Gram Positive Bacteria
Thermophiles
Spirochetes
Cyanobacteria
Tend to cause human diseases; largely solitary, and produce m…
Thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 41 and 122 °…
Long, coil shaped cells that are commonly found in aquatic en…
Are photosynthetic; and commonly found in freshwater/marine e…
Gram Positive Bacteria
Tend to cause human diseases; largely solitary, and produce m…
Thermophiles
Thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 41 and 122 °…
50 terms
Chapter 5 Biology 1500
selectively permeable
amphipathic molecule
fluid mosaic model
integral proteins
it allows some substances to cross it more easily than others
it has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
the membrane is a mosaic of protein molecules bobbing in a fl…
penetrate the hydrophobic interior of the lipid bilayer
selectively permeable
it allows some substances to cross it more easily than others
amphipathic molecule
it has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
80 terms
Biology 1500 Exam 1
Hypothesis
Prediction
Experiments
Scientific Theory
A testable explanation for a set of observations based on the…
In deductive reasoning, a forecast that follows logically fro…
Test a hypothesis. Analyze data. Repeat experiment 3 or more…
A scientific theory is a well-substantiated explanation of so…
Hypothesis
A testable explanation for a set of observations based on the…
Prediction
In deductive reasoning, a forecast that follows logically fro…
119 terms
Biology 1500 Exam 2
Makes Up DNA and RNA
Makes Up A Nucleotide
Nitrogenous Bases That Make Up DNA
Nitrogenous Bases That Make Up RNA
Linear polymers of nucleotides
A nitrogenous base, a 5 carbon sugar, and a phosphate group
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, and Guanine
Adenine, Uracil, Cytosine, and Guanine
Makes Up DNA and RNA
Linear polymers of nucleotides
Makes Up A Nucleotide
A nitrogenous base, a 5 carbon sugar, and a phosphate group
90 terms
Biology 1500 - Exam 4
Genome
Chromosome number
Chromatid
Sister chromatid
genetic material of an organism
characteristic that is species specific; humans have 23 pairs…
one copy of a newly copied chromosome
two copies of a duplicated chromosome attached by proteins at…
Genome
genetic material of an organism
Chromosome number
characteristic that is species specific; humans have 23 pairs…
80 terms
Biology 1500 Exam 1
Hypothesis
Prediction
Experiments
Scientific Theory
A testable explanation for a set of observations based on the…
In deductive reasoning, a forecast that follows logically fro…
Test a hypothesis. Analyze data. Repeat experiment 3 or more…
A scientific theory is a well-substantiated explanation of so…
Hypothesis
A testable explanation for a set of observations based on the…
Prediction
In deductive reasoning, a forecast that follows logically fro…
392 terms
Biology 1500 Cumulative Quizlet
gene
allele
population
species
The basic unit of heredity; a sequence of DNA nucleotides on…
One of two or more alternative states of a gene.
Any group of individuals, usually of a single species, occupy…
A kind of organism, which is designated by binomial names wri…
gene
The basic unit of heredity; a sequence of DNA nucleotides on…
allele
One of two or more alternative states of a gene.
44 terms
Biology 1500 Chapter 4
Cell Theory
Electron Microscope
Light Microscope
Microscope
a biological concept that states that all organisms are compo…
an instrument that magnifies an object using a beam of electr…
an instrument that magnifies an object using a beam visible l…
an instrument that magnifies an object
Cell Theory
a biological concept that states that all organisms are compo…
Electron Microscope
an instrument that magnifies an object using a beam of electr…
71 terms
Biology 1500 Chapter 2
Anion
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
negative ion that is formed by an atom gaining one or more el…
the smallest unit of matter that retains all of the chemical…
calculated mean of the mass number for an element's isotopes
total number of protons in an atom
Anion
negative ion that is formed by an atom gaining one or more el…
Atom
the smallest unit of matter that retains all of the chemical…
48 terms
Biology 1500 Chapter 3
Biological Macromolecule
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Monomer
large molecule necessary for life that is built from smaller…
(also, condensation) reaction that links monomer molecules to…
reaction causes breakdown of larger molecules into smaller mo…
smallest unit of larger molecules called polymers
Biological Macromolecule
large molecule necessary for life that is built from smaller…
Dehydration Synthesis
(also, condensation) reaction that links monomer molecules to…
56 terms
Biology 1500 Chapter 1
Abstract
Applied Science
Basic science
Biology
opening section of a scientific paper that summarizes the res…
form of science that aims to solve real-world problems
science that seeks to expand knowledge and understanding rega…
the study of living organisms and their interactions with one…
Abstract
opening section of a scientific paper that summarizes the res…
Applied Science
form of science that aims to solve real-world problems
128 terms
Biology 1500 Test 2
Nucleobases DNA uses
Nucleobases RNA uses
Nucleotides
Antiparallel
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine
Adenine, Uracil, Cytosine, Guanine
nitrogenous base, a 5-carbon sugar, and phosphate group
strands run in opposite directions
Nucleobases DNA uses
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine
Nucleobases RNA uses
Adenine, Uracil, Cytosine, Guanine
132 terms
Biology 1500: Exam 1
gene
allele
population
species
The basic unit of heredity; a sequence of DNA nucleotides on…
One of two or more alternative states of a gene.
Any group of individuals, usually of a single species, occupy…
A kind of organism, which is designated by binomial names wri…
gene
The basic unit of heredity; a sequence of DNA nucleotides on…
allele
One of two or more alternative states of a gene.
73 terms
Biology 1500 Ch. 52
Population Dynamics
Geographical Range
Habitat
Population Size
How the characteristics of populations change through time an…
The overall spatial boundaries within which a population lives.
The specific environment in which it lives, as characterized…
Number of individuals in a population at a specified time.
Population Dynamics
How the characteristics of populations change through time an…
Geographical Range
The overall spatial boundaries within which a population lives.
174 terms
Biology 1500: Exam 2
root system
shoot system
apices
node
One of the two components of a vascular plant. This system an…
One of the two components of the vascular plant. This system…
The tips of root and shoot systems where the the roots and sh…
One of the four parts of vegetative shoot. This part of the p…
root system
One of the two components of a vascular plant. This system an…
shoot system
One of the two components of the vascular plant. This system…
67 terms
Exam II Biology 1500
plasma membranes are made of what kind…
membranes contain what kind of lipid m…
what characteristic separates life fro…
Define lipids
phospholipid bilayers
amphipathic lipid molecules; hydrophobic/hydrophilic
A plasma or cell membrane
carbon-containing compounds that are found in organisms and t…
plasma membranes are made of what kind…
phospholipid bilayers
membranes contain what kind of lipid m…
amphipathic lipid molecules; hydrophobic/hydrophilic
90 terms
Biology 1500: Exam 3
eukaryotic cells
compartmentalization
endosymbiosis
endo-
Cells which have a cytoskeleton and show compartmentalization.
The term describing cells which contain a nuclear envelope an…
A theory in biology which posits that certain organelles were…
The Latin root meaning "within."
eukaryotic cells
Cells which have a cytoskeleton and show compartmentalization.
compartmentalization
The term describing cells which contain a nuclear envelope an…
31 terms
Biology 1500 Chapter 5
What are the four types of molecules t…
How are monomers linked to make polyme…
What does a dehydration reaction do?
What does a Hydrolysis reaction do?
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids
Covalent Bonding
"makes em" or joins the monomers together; H2O is released
"breaks em" or breaks polymers apart; adds H2O
What are the four types of molecules t…
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids
How are monomers linked to make polyme…
Covalent Bonding
37 terms
Biology 1500 Exam 3
Eukaryotic cells are distinguished fro…
Cytoskeleton
Compartmentalization
"Endo" "Sym" "Bio"
1. Cytoskeleton... 2. Compartmentalization
Proteins in cell that give shape
The cell membrane keeps an individual cell separate from othe…
endo- within... sym-together... bio- life
Eukaryotic cells are distinguished fro…
1. Cytoskeleton... 2. Compartmentalization
Cytoskeleton
Proteins in cell that give shape
86 terms
Biology 1500: Exam 3
eukaryotic cells
compartmentalization
endosymbiosis
endo-
Cells which have a cytoskeleton and show compartmentalization.
The term describing cells which contain a nuclear envelope an…
A theory in biology which posits that certain organelles were…
The Latin root meaning "within."
eukaryotic cells
Cells which have a cytoskeleton and show compartmentalization.
compartmentalization
The term describing cells which contain a nuclear envelope an…
13 terms
Biology 1500 Viruses
What are three components of a viral g…
RNA Viruses
DNA Viruses
Retroviruses
1)DNA or RNA... 2)Must be circular or linear DNA... 3)Must be singu…
3 types;of dsDNA, (+)ssRNA, or (-)ssRNA
2 types;dsDNA or ssDNA
2 types;ssRNA-RT viruses or dsDNA-RT viruses
What are three components of a viral g…
1)DNA or RNA... 2)Must be circular or linear DNA... 3)Must be singu…
RNA Viruses
3 types;of dsDNA, (+)ssRNA, or (-)ssRNA
171 terms
Biology 1500 Exam 2
Fungi help start ecosystems- True or f…
Heterotrophs
Hyphae
Septa
true
absorb nutrients
long branching filamentous structure of fungi
cross walls of hyphae
Fungi help start ecosystems- True or f…
true
Heterotrophs
absorb nutrients
10 terms
Biology 1500 Archaea
Euryarchaeota
Crenarchaeota
Nanoarchaeota
Lokiarchaeota
Methanogens, which produce methane and are often found in int…
Distinguished by lack of histones in many species... Includes:... S…
Only one representative: Nanoarchaeum equitans
More closely related to eukaryotes than other Archaea:... Indica…
Euryarchaeota
Methanogens, which produce methane and are often found in int…
Crenarchaeota
Distinguished by lack of histones in many species... Includes:... S…
23 terms
Biology 1500 Immune System
Pathogen
immune system
Antigen
Epitope
A bacterium, fungus, virus, or other disease causing agent.
Enables avoiding or limiting infections
Any substance eliciting a response to a T or a B cell.
a small, accessible part of an antigen, which binds to a rece…
Pathogen
A bacterium, fungus, virus, or other disease causing agent.
immune system
Enables avoiding or limiting infections
21 terms
Biology 1500 Protists
What are the six supergroups of protis…
Chromalveolata
Dinoflagellates
Ciliates
Chromalveolata, Rhizaria, Archaeplastida, Excavata, Amoebozoa…
Includes the Dinoflagellates, Apicomplexans, Ciliates, Oomyce…
Have distinctive flagella, protective coats/biochemistry, and…
Features; Macro/Micronucleus, cilia are arranged in rows or s…
What are the six supergroups of protis…
Chromalveolata, Rhizaria, Archaeplastida, Excavata, Amoebozoa…
Chromalveolata
Includes the Dinoflagellates, Apicomplexans, Ciliates, Oomyce…
159 terms
Biology 1500 Exam 2
Leaves
Microphylls
Megaphyll
Parallel venation
-Initiated as primordia by the shoot apical meristem... -Expand…
Leaves with a single, unbranched vein that doesn't extend the…
-leaf with several to many veins... -most plants
monocots
Leaves
-Initiated as primordia by the shoot apical meristem... -Expand…
Microphylls
Leaves with a single, unbranched vein that doesn't extend the…
24 terms
Biology 1500 Chapter 7
Hypotonic Solution- Movement of water…
Hypertonic solution- Whats the movemen…
Isotonic solution- Whats the net movem…
Whats the plasma membrane made of?
Less solute outside of the cell than inside the cell. Theres…
Mose solute outside the cell than inside the cell; causes a n…
Isotonic means that the environment is the same inside and ou…
Phospholipid bilayer (each one contains a phosphate, a glycer…
Hypotonic Solution- Movement of water…
Less solute outside of the cell than inside the cell. Theres…
Hypertonic solution- Whats the movemen…
Mose solute outside the cell than inside the cell; causes a n…
86 terms
Biology 1500: Exam 3
eukaryotic cells
compartmentalization
endosymbiosis
endo-
Cells which have a cytoskeleton and show compartmentalization.
The term describing cells which contain a nuclear envelope an…
A theory in biology which posits that certain organelles were…
The Latin root meaning "within."
eukaryotic cells
Cells which have a cytoskeleton and show compartmentalization.
compartmentalization
The term describing cells which contain a nuclear envelope an…
75 terms
Biology 1500 Exam 3
Protists
How do Protists reproduce?
Are protists autotrophs, heteroptrophs…
The cell surface of protists have_____…
Eukaryotes that are not fungi, plants, or animals.
Asexual and sexual
Both, and they move by flagella, cilia, or pseudopodia.
cysts
Protists
Eukaryotes that are not fungi, plants, or animals.
How do Protists reproduce?
Asexual and sexual
29 terms
Biology 1500 Chapter 6
How are prokaryotic cells characterize…
How are eukaryotic cells characterized…
What is the function of the plasma mem…
Function of nuclear envelope.
1. No nucleus... 2. DNA is unbound in a region called the nucleo…
1. DNA in a nucleus that is bound by a nuclear envelope (doub…
It's a selective barrier that allows sufficient passage of O2…
Encloses the nucleus and separates it from the cytoplasm
How are prokaryotic cells characterize…
1. No nucleus... 2. DNA is unbound in a region called the nucleo…
How are eukaryotic cells characterized…
1. DNA in a nucleus that is bound by a nuclear envelope (doub…
49 terms
biology 1500 unit 1
Age of Universe
Age of Earth
Hadean Period
First Form of Life
13.7 billion years old
4.6 billion years old
4.6-3.8 bya... -no life existed... -asteroids and geologic subducti…
bacteria/archea (prokaryotes) occurred 3.8 bya
Age of Universe
13.7 billion years old
Age of Earth
4.6 billion years old
174 terms
Biology 1500: Exam 2
root system
shoot system
apices
node
One of the two components of a vascular plant. This system an…
One of the two components of the vascular plant. This system…
The tips of root and shoot systems where the the roots and sh…
One of the four parts of vegetative shoot. This part of the p…
root system
One of the two components of a vascular plant. This system an…
shoot system
One of the two components of the vascular plant. This system…
148 terms
Biology 1500 Final
1. Bases
2. Which of the following best describ…
3. Potassium has an atomic number of 1…
4. The dynamics of an ecosystem includ…
A. Donate H+ Ions to Solutions... B. Accept H+ Ions from Solutio…
A. Ionic Compounds Dissolve Easily in Water... B. The Volume of…
A. 1 ... B. 2 ... C. 3 ... D. 4... E. 5
A. The flow of energy from sunlight to producers... B. The flow…
1. Bases
A. Donate H+ Ions to Solutions... B. Accept H+ Ions from Solutio…
2. Which of the following best describ…
A. Ionic Compounds Dissolve Easily in Water... B. The Volume of…
165 terms
Biology 1500 Exam 2 (Maruniak)
Sequence in telomeres
Main body of a neuron
1st phylum to evolve
Polymerase that binds to promoter
TTAGGG
Soma
Prorifera
RNA Polymerase
Sequence in telomeres
TTAGGG
Main body of a neuron
Soma
90 terms
Biology 1500: Angiosperms
Calyx (sepals)
Corolla (petals)
Androecium (stamen)
Gynoecium (carpel)
What do class A genes code for?
What does a combination of A and B genes code for?
What does a combination of B and C genes code for?
What do class C genes code for?
Calyx (sepals)
What do class A genes code for?
Corolla (petals)
What does a combination of A and B genes code for?
328 terms
Biology 1500 Exam 4
What is the functional unit of the kid…
What are the physical characteristics…
What are the physical characteristics…
What do the nephrons consist of?
Nephron
Paired, kidney-bean shaped, and about the size of a fist.
Long, curled, tubular structures.
Bowman's Capsule, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle,…
What is the functional unit of the kid…
Nephron
What are the physical characteristics…
Paired, kidney-bean shaped, and about the size of a fist.
57 terms
Biology 1500 Gibson Exam 4
mitosis vs meiosis
chromosome number
genome
chromatid
-Mitosis conserves the number of chromosome sets, producing c…
the characteristic number of chromosomes found in the cell nu…
all genetic material present in an organism
each of the two threadlike strands into which a chromosome di…
mitosis vs meiosis
-Mitosis conserves the number of chromosome sets, producing c…
chromosome number
the characteristic number of chromosomes found in the cell nu…
12 terms
Biology 1500: Life
All life:
When life first evolved, atmosphere be…
What provided the energy for early ear…
The ozone layer existed how many miles…
-consists of 1 or more cells that grow, develop and reproduce…
-N2, CO2, CH4 (Methane) & NH4 (ammonia) ... - O2
heat, lightning, and radiation
20-25 miles
All life:
-consists of 1 or more cells that grow, develop and reproduce…
When life first evolved, atmosphere be…
-N2, CO2, CH4 (Methane) & NH4 (ammonia) ... - O2
135 terms
Biology 1500 Final- Maruniak
Aquaporins
Aldosterone's Function in Kidneys
Incomplete Dominance
Locus
H2O channels through membrane caused by ADH
Stims Na+ reabsorption and K+ secretion in the DCT adn cortic…
phenotype of offspring differs from both parents... ex: the snap…
where alleles are located at a specific place on each chrom
Aquaporins
H2O channels through membrane caused by ADH
Aldosterone's Function in Kidneys
Stims Na+ reabsorption and K+ secretion in the DCT adn cortic…
1 of 10