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Study sets matching "biology 152"

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Study sets matching "biology 152"

30 terms
Biology 152 - Exam 1
Genetic Drift
Gene Flow
Natural Selection
Artificial Selection
A change in the allele frequency of a population as a result…
Movement of alleles into or out of a population due to the mi…
Gradual non-random process by which traits become more or les…
Non-random process by which traits become more or less common…
Genetic Drift
A change in the allele frequency of a population as a result…
Gene Flow
Movement of alleles into or out of a population due to the mi…
20 terms
Biology 152
Evolution
Adaption
Three types of Adaptations
Acclimization
...
trait that allows an individual to survive better than others…
Behavioral:hormones... Physiological: ... Molecular: the ability to…
can occur because of adaptions. They can change, are reversib…
Evolution
...
Adaption
trait that allows an individual to survive better than others…
69 terms
Biology 152
Which of the following is an example o…
The wing of the bat and the fore-limb…
Which of these is an example of metabo…
Members of two different species posse…
B. the transfer of DNA as a result of conjugation ... C. the mov…
C. They are structures that are similar due to common ancestry
C. A biofilm, such as dental plaque... &... D. the hetrocysts and n…
A. The discovery that the two species share many proteins in…
Which of the following is an example o…
B. the transfer of DNA as a result of conjugation ... C. the mov…
The wing of the bat and the fore-limb…
C. They are structures that are similar due to common ancestry
39 terms
Biology 152 Lab Final
Hypothesis
IV:
DV:
Null Hypothesis
A tentative explanation
Change on purpose
Outcome/Response
the IV DOES NOT affect the DV
Hypothesis
A tentative explanation
IV:
Change on purpose
11 terms
biology 152
Chytridiomycota
Zygomycota
Glomeromycetes
Ascomycota
aquatic fungi (unique motile spores with flagella called zoos…
molds on produce/bread (resistant zygosporangium produced und…
mycorrizae (arbuscular mycorrizae).
yeasts truffles, morels (spores in sacs=asci).
Chytridiomycota
aquatic fungi (unique motile spores with flagella called zoos…
Zygomycota
molds on produce/bread (resistant zygosporangium produced und…
16 terms
Biology 152
Paraphyletic
Excavata
Chromalveolata
Rhizaria
Fungi and animal kingdon... Plants with other
Groove on side of cell
Endosymbiosis with red alga
Amoeba-like with silicon or mineral walls
Paraphyletic
Fungi and animal kingdon... Plants with other
Excavata
Groove on side of cell
201 terms
Biology 152
Philosophical/metaphysical naturalism
Methodological naturalism
Young earth creation hypothesis
Old-earth creation hypothesis
Scientific method is the only way of knowing truth and reality
assumes that we can only study natural causes using the scien…
"Days" refers to a 24-hr period of time... God creted everyting…
"Days" in Gen 1 are best understood as indefinite periods of…
Philosophical/metaphysical naturalism
Scientific method is the only way of knowing truth and reality
Methodological naturalism
assumes that we can only study natural causes using the scien…
119 terms
Biology 152
How is the human body cavities are org…
what is coelom
what is in the thoracic cavity?
what's in the abdominal cavity?
coelom
fluid filled cavity completely line with connective tissue
contain heart and lungs
digestive organs
How is the human body cavities are org…
coelom
what is coelom
fluid filled cavity completely line with connective tissue
89 terms
Biology 152
What is Ecology?
Aute Ecology
Physiological Ecology
Population Ecology
Study of the distribution and abundance of organisms. Interac…
Study of individual organisms and how they relate to one anot…
is a biological discipline that studies the adaptation of an…
changes in numbers of individuals over time (generations)
What is Ecology?
Study of the distribution and abundance of organisms. Interac…
Aute Ecology
Study of individual organisms and how they relate to one anot…
36 terms
Biology 152
Evolution
Scala naturae
Lamarck's Hypothesis of Evolution
Adaptations (Darwin)
Descent with modification.
Arrangement of life-forms, on a ladder, where each species ha…
Use and Disuse: Parts of the body that are used extensively a…
Inherited characteristics of organisms that enhance survival…
Evolution
Descent with modification.
Scala naturae
Arrangement of life-forms, on a ladder, where each species ha…
34 terms
Biology 152 Chapter 28
Character
Ancestral Trait
Derived trait
Any genetic worth a logical physiological or behavioral chara…
A characteristic that existed in an ancestor
One that is a modified form of the ancestral trait found in a…
Character
Any genetic worth a logical physiological or behavioral chara…
Ancestral Trait
A characteristic that existed in an ancestor
101 terms
biology 152 exam 2
synapomorphy
monophyletic
paraphyletic
polyphyletic
a shared, derived trait that evolved in the ancestor of a mon…
all members share a single common ancestor not shared with an…
includes some but not all of the descendants of a common ance…
groupings that do not include the last common ancestor of all…
synapomorphy
a shared, derived trait that evolved in the ancestor of a mon…
monophyletic
all members share a single common ancestor not shared with an…
20 terms
Biology 152
Hypotonic
Hypertonic
Chemical Evolution
Structure effects ____ ?
Water moves into the cell. The solution has a higher concentr…
Water moves out of the cell. The solution has a lower concent…
The leading scientific explanation for the origin of life.
Function
Hypotonic
Water moves into the cell. The solution has a higher concentr…
Hypertonic
Water moves out of the cell. The solution has a lower concent…
Biology 152
What were the 3 proposed types of repl…
How does DNA replicate? How do we know…
How does replication start?
What is involved in DNA replication (e…
Semi-conservative, Conservative, Dispersive
Semi-conservative: parental strands serve as template strands…
DNA unwinds into replication forks and it replicates in oppos…
Helicase, DNA Polymerase, Ligase, Primase
What were the 3 proposed types of repl…
Semi-conservative, Conservative, Dispersive
How does DNA replicate? How do we know…
Semi-conservative: parental strands serve as template strands…
53 terms
Biology 152
What is an amniote?
What is a notochord?
What is bilateral symmetry?
What is radial symmetry?
a tetrapod with amniotic eggs
a flexible, rod-shaped body in the embryos of chordates
symmetry exclusive to one division along a central axis
(n) a body able to be divided into similar halves by passing…
What is an amniote?
a tetrapod with amniotic eggs
What is a notochord?
a flexible, rod-shaped body in the embryos of chordates
23 terms
Biology 152
Agglutination
Neutralization
Where is epinephrine produced?
What effect does it have in the liver?…
Clumping of antigens by antibodies
Coated cells are blocked from touching host cells
Adrenal Medulla
Raises blood-glucose level
Agglutination
Clumping of antigens by antibodies
Neutralization
Coated cells are blocked from touching host cells
183 terms
BIOLOGY 152 Exam 1
What two points did Darwin make in The…
What two key philosophers opposed evol…
What was the dominant philosophy in th…
What is natural theology?
-Today's organisms descended from ancestral species... -Natural…
Plato and Aristotle
Natural theology
Studying nature to understand the mind of God
What two points did Darwin make in The…
-Today's organisms descended from ancestral species... -Natural…
What two key philosophers opposed evol…
Plato and Aristotle
51 terms
Biology 152 Exam III
Evolution
Natural Selection
Artificial Selection
Prerequisites for Natural Selection
Through time, species accumulate differences; as a result des…
Gradual non-random process by which traits become more or les…
Non-random process by which traits become more or less common…
• Variation in traits (phenotypic) must exist in a population…
Evolution
Through time, species accumulate differences; as a result des…
Natural Selection
Gradual non-random process by which traits become more or les…
21 terms
Biology 152 Quiz Review
From an evolutionary perspective, germ…
Which of the following big sagebrush p…
You find that a wild population of ant…
All the alleles present in all individ…
C. Only germ-line mutations will appear in an individual's de…
C. The individual that produces 3% more offspring each year t…
B. No
A. Gene pool
From an evolutionary perspective, germ…
C. Only germ-line mutations will appear in an individual's de…
Which of the following big sagebrush p…
C. The individual that produces 3% more offspring each year t…
72 terms
Biology 152 Test 1
Which structure(s) is/are responsible…
If the axon was at resting potential,…
What if you engineered a neuron with a…
Normally the sodium-potassium pump mov…
~Leak channels(un-gated ion channels)... ~Sodium potassium pump
b) The membrane potential would become more negative.
c) It would have a lower undershoot.
c) It would remain the same.
Which structure(s) is/are responsible…
~Leak channels(un-gated ion channels)... ~Sodium potassium pump
If the axon was at resting potential,…
b) The membrane potential would become more negative.
41 terms
Biology 152 Exam 1
Adaptive Structures
Homeostasis
Conformational Homeostasis
Regulatory Homeostasis
helps the individual survive and produce offspring
the maintenance of relatively constant chemical and physical…
conformation to the external environment
adjusts the internal state within a specific value regardless…
Adaptive Structures
helps the individual survive and produce offspring
Homeostasis
the maintenance of relatively constant chemical and physical…
202 terms
Biology 152 - Ecology Exam
ecology
It seems highly likely that rainfall a…
limitations to distribution
examples of abiotic factors that could…
the scientific study of the interactions between organism and…
Put shelters over parts of a forest to create low rain treatm…
dispersal, behavior, biotic factors, abiotic factors
chemical factors such as water, oxygen or pH and physical fac…
ecology
the scientific study of the interactions between organism and…
It seems highly likely that rainfall a…
Put shelters over parts of a forest to create low rain treatm…
191 terms
Biology 152 - Plant Biology
"Green Revolution"
Texas Cytoplasm
Proteome
Basic strategies for studying plants
In the 1960-1970s, grow crops that include more of what is ea…
Corn that had a mutation that made it incredibly susceptible
Collection of proteins in an organism
1. Fossil record (paleobotany)... 2. Characterization of extant…
"Green Revolution"
In the 1960-1970s, grow crops that include more of what is ea…
Texas Cytoplasm
Corn that had a mutation that made it incredibly susceptible
73 terms
Biology 152 - Last Lectures Terms
Population
Ecology
Abiotic
Biotic
A group of organisms of the same species that live in a speci…
The study of relationships of organisms to one another and th…
Of or characterized by the absence of life or living organisms.
Of or relating to living organisms
Population
A group of organisms of the same species that live in a speci…
Ecology
The study of relationships of organisms to one another and th…
58 terms
Biology 152- Midterm
diffusion
concentration gradient
Brownian motion
osmosis
movement of molecules from high concentration to low concentr…
the difference in the concentration of a substance between ar…
random movement of molecules
the movement of water molecules from higher concentration to…
diffusion
movement of molecules from high concentration to low concentr…
concentration gradient
the difference in the concentration of a substance between ar…
54 terms
Biology 152 Exam #1
Adaptation
Natural selection
Artificial selection
Observations of change, fossil record,…
Inherited characteristic of an organism that enhances its sur…
A process in which organisms with certain inherited character…
The selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals to…
4 Supporting Lines of evidence for Evolution
Adaptation
Inherited characteristic of an organism that enhances its sur…
Natural selection
A process in which organisms with certain inherited character…
19 terms
Biology 152 Chapter 1
A scientific theory is
Biology
Physics
Chemistry
a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natura…
Cell theory, Germ theory
Big Bang, Gravity, Relativity, Atomic, Circuit, Heliocentric
Molecular Theory, Valence Bond Theory, acid-base theory
A scientific theory is
a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natura…
Biology
Cell theory, Germ theory
86 terms
Biology 152 Unit 3
Radiation
Evaporation
Conduction
Convection
transfer of heat energy through the atmosphere as electromagn…
goes from liquid to gas using your heat
direct heat transfer from one object to another
conduction to a moving source e.g. water or air
Radiation
transfer of heat energy through the atmosphere as electromagn…
Evaporation
goes from liquid to gas using your heat
145 terms
Biology 152 Final
Which of the following is not an obser…
Name a synapomorphy of angiosperms
Mode of speciation NOT requiring geogr…
A taxon consisting of an ancestor and…
poorly adapted individuals never produce offspring
flowers
sympatric speciation
paraphyletic taxon
Which of the following is not an obser…
poorly adapted individuals never produce offspring
Name a synapomorphy of angiosperms
flowers
47 terms
Biology 152 Quiz 1
Adaptive Structures
Why do the ice fish have no RBC?
How do the ice fish survive?
Polyandrous
helps the individual survive and produce offspring
- they have become anaerobic... - lost/eroded genes to make hemo…
Absorption: larger gills and scaleless skin with unusually la…
Behavioral and physiological adaptation... Ex: Spotted Sandpiper…
Adaptive Structures
helps the individual survive and produce offspring
Why do the ice fish have no RBC?
- they have become anaerobic... - lost/eroded genes to make hemo…
35 terms
Biology 152, Exam 2
Evolution
Proximate Question
Ultimate Question
Charles Darwin
A change in the frequency of traits in a population of a spec…
A "how" question about function
A "what" question about history or use
Wrote "On the Origin of Species", studied evolution on the HM…
Evolution
A change in the frequency of traits in a population of a spec…
Proximate Question
A "how" question about function
76 terms
Biology 152 Test 1
Evolution
Aristotle
Carolus Linnaeus
Natural Selection
Descent with modification; change in gene frequency over time
Studied scala naturae
Founder of taxonomy
Process in which individuals with favorable inherited traits…
Evolution
Descent with modification; change in gene frequency over time
Aristotle
Studied scala naturae
29 terms
Biology 152 Test 1
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Theory
Occam's Razor
consisting in systematic observation, measurement, and experi…
a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
a contemplative and rational type of abstract or generalizing…
a principle from philosophy. Suppose there exist two explanat…
Scientific Method
consisting in systematic observation, measurement, and experi…
Hypothesis
a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
106 terms
Biology 152 Final Review
Order of evolutionary traits that all…
Only group without tissues
Class with Bilateral symmetry and comp…
Phylum with Radial symmetry
Multicellularity, gastrulation, collagen, tissues, bilateral…
sponges
bilaterians
cnidarians
Order of evolutionary traits that all…
Multicellularity, gastrulation, collagen, tissues, bilateral…
Only group without tissues
sponges
49 terms
Biology 152 Terms
Natural Selection
Environmental Variation
Genetic Variation
Species
when there is variation among a population, and that variatio…
variation due to differences in the environment
differences in genes that are passed on
individuals that can exchange genetic material through interb…
Natural Selection
when there is variation among a population, and that variatio…
Environmental Variation
variation due to differences in the environment
28 terms
Biology 152 Test 1
Genetic Drift vs. Gene Flow
Natural Selection
Mutations
Genetic Variation
Genetic drift is random, genetics has nothing to do with it.…
Survival of the "fittest". This only has to do with reproduct…
Alteration in the make up of DNA. ... New genetic information.... L…
...
Genetic Drift vs. Gene Flow
Genetic drift is random, genetics has nothing to do with it.…
Natural Selection
Survival of the "fittest". This only has to do with reproduct…
119 terms
Biology 152 Xu,Lu
biology
evolution
biosphere
population
the scientific study of life
the process of change that has transformed life on Earth from…
consists of all the environments on earth that are inhabited…
consists of all individuals of a species living within the bo…
biology
the scientific study of life
evolution
the process of change that has transformed life on Earth from…
23 terms
Biology 152 Unit 1
What is the difference between saturat…
Be able to describe and recognize the…
Describe the types of lipids that are…
Describe why the lipid bilayer is stru…
In saturated fatty acids there is only single bonds between t…
1. Phospholipids- consist of two fatty acid chains, a phospha…
Membrane forming lipids are considered to be amphipathic, con…
Bilayers tend to form phospholipids that contain two hydrocar…
What is the difference between saturat…
In saturated fatty acids there is only single bonds between t…
Be able to describe and recognize the…
1. Phospholipids- consist of two fatty acid chains, a phospha…
101 terms
Biology 152 Chapter 8
An organism's metabolism transfers..
Sum of all chemical reactions in an or…
Metabolism consists of ________ and __…
Degradative processes (break down); re…
Matter and energy
Metabolism
Catabolic, anabolic
Catabolic processes
An organism's metabolism transfers..
Matter and energy
Sum of all chemical reactions in an or…
Metabolism
26 terms
Biology 152: UNIT 1
all living organisms are made of
a cell is defined by its
intracellular
extracellular
cells
plasma membrane
inside the cell
outside of the cell
all living organisms are made of
cells
a cell is defined by its
plasma membrane
70 terms
Biology 152 Exam 3
Allele
genotype
phenotype
What can affect the phenotype?
Different versions of a gene
genetic makeup
expression of the genotype
-dominance of a trait... -environmental factors
Allele
Different versions of a gene
genotype
genetic makeup
90 terms
Biology 152 Chapter 7
The plasma membrane is _________ perme…
Cellular membranes are fluid mosaics o…
Most lipids in membranes are...
Membranes are ________ (they move).
Selectively
Lipids, proteins
Phospholipids
Dynamic
The plasma membrane is _________ perme…
Selectively
Cellular membranes are fluid mosaics o…
Lipids, proteins
24 terms
Biology 152 Final Exam
predation
parasitism
mutualism
commensalism
...
...
...
...
predation
...
parasitism
...
50 terms
Biology 152 Plant Phsyiology
Plant invasion of land
Green algae
Preadaptation's of Charophytes
Zygotic meiosis
- Began ca. 475 Ma (first multicellular fossils)... - Fossils fo…
- Cellulose cell wall... - Chlorophyll a and b... - Two anterior fl…
- Preadaptation = a trait that was already present and allowe…
- mitosis occurs during the n phase in zygotic meiosis and du…
Plant invasion of land
- Began ca. 475 Ma (first multicellular fossils)... - Fossils fo…
Green algae
- Cellulose cell wall... - Chlorophyll a and b... - Two anterior fl…
20 terms
Biology 152 Final
Climate
Weather
Microclimate
Climate change requires long terms cha…
the long-term prevailing weather patterns in a given area
the state of the atmosphere in an area at a specific time
climate for a very small habitat
1. Precipitation... 2. Temp... 3. Humibidy
Climate
the long-term prevailing weather patterns in a given area
Weather
the state of the atmosphere in an area at a specific time
46 terms
Biology 152 Final
Timbergen's 4 questions
What is each of Tinbergen's questions…
proximate vs. ultimate questions
fixed action patterns
1) causation... 2) adaptive... 3) development... 4) evolutionary
1)causation: what physiological mechanisms cause this behavio…
proximate is immediate and asks how the behavior occurs (inte…
a sequence of behaviors that is followed through to completio…
Timbergen's 4 questions
1) causation... 2) adaptive... 3) development... 4) evolutionary
What is each of Tinbergen's questions…
1)causation: what physiological mechanisms cause this behavio…
91 terms
Biology 152 Midterm 1
Evolution
Aristotle
William Paley
Carolus Linneaus
*Descent with modification... *A change in the genetic compositi…
*Species are fixed and unchanging... *Arranged species on scala…
*Author of Natural Theology... *Watch implies watchmaker
*Author of Systema Naturae... *Creator of binomial nomenclature…
Evolution
*Descent with modification... *A change in the genetic compositi…
Aristotle
*Species are fixed and unchanging... *Arranged species on scala…
233 terms
Biology 152 Final Exam
Phenotype
Genotype
Types of variation
Environmental Variation
A set of observable characteristic of an individual, resultin…
Genetic constitution of an ind.
-environmental... -genetic... -phenotypic
-variation within individuals resulting from environmental in…
Phenotype
A set of observable characteristic of an individual, resultin…
Genotype
Genetic constitution of an ind.
95 terms
Biology 152 Chapter 34
notochord
nerve cord
pharyngeal slits
muscular tissue
flexible, study rod along length of animal between nerve cord…
nervous tissue (spinal cord)
the pharynx portion of the gut opens to the outside
the body extends beyond anus
notochord
flexible, study rod along length of animal between nerve cord…
nerve cord
nervous tissue (spinal cord)
29 terms
Biology 152 Chapter 27
Biological Species Concept
What are the disadvantages to the biol…
What are the two mechanisms that stop…
What is pre-zygotic isolation?
Considers populations to be evolutionary independent if they…
The criteria of reproductive isolation cannot be evaluated in…
Pre-zygotic isolation and post-zygote can isolation
Occurs when individuals of different species are prevented fr…
Biological Species Concept
Considers populations to be evolutionary independent if they…
What are the disadvantages to the biol…
The criteria of reproductive isolation cannot be evaluated in…
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