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Study sets matching "biology 160 chapter 4 function"

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Study sets matching "biology 160 chapter 4 function"

41 terms
Biology 160, Chapter 4
Cell Theory States:
Prokaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Structures
Cell Envelope
All organisms are composed of cells. Cells are the basic unit…
"Before Nucleus". Bacteria and archaea are this. Single-celle…
Rods (hot dog shaped), Cocci (sphere shaped), and Spirals/Cur…
Outside structure of Prokaryotic cell. Include Cellular Membr…
Cell Theory States:
All organisms are composed of cells. Cells are the basic unit…
Prokaryotic Cell
"Before Nucleus". Bacteria and archaea are this. Single-celle…
21 terms
Biology 160 chapter 4 plasma membrane structure and function
Biology 160 chapter 4 membrane structu…
Channel proteins
Carrier proteins
Cell recognition proteins
...
Channel proteins are involved in the passage of molecules thr…
Also involved in the passage of molecules through the membran…
They are glycoproteins these proteins help the body recognize…
Biology 160 chapter 4 membrane structu…
...
Channel proteins
Channel proteins are involved in the passage of molecules thr…
31 terms
Biology 160 chapter 4
light microscope
cell theory
electron microscope
scanning electron microscope
passes visible light through a specimen. glass bends the ligh…
all living things are composed of cells, all cells come from…
uses a beam of electron=better resolution, hundred fold impro…
uses electron beam to scan the surface of a cell. when the su…
light microscope
passes visible light through a specimen. glass bends the ligh…
cell theory
all living things are composed of cells, all cells come from…
76 terms
Biology 160 Chapter 4
What are the types of microscopes used…
What is a light microscope and what do…
What is a electron microscope and what…
What is a scanning electron microscope…
Light Microscope... Electron Microscopes... -Scanning Electron Micr…
A light microscope is a type of microscope where it bends lig…
A electron microscope is a type of microscope where it bends…
A scanning electron microscope is a type of electron microsco…
What are the types of microscopes used…
Light Microscope... Electron Microscopes... -Scanning Electron Micr…
What is a light microscope and what do…
A light microscope is a type of microscope where it bends lig…
58 terms
Biology 160 Chapter 4, Glossary
Cell envelope
cytoplasm
Appendages
Plasma membrane
covering of the cell
inside of the cell
emanating from the cell
phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins
Cell envelope
covering of the cell
cytoplasm
inside of the cell
Biology 160 (chapter 4 review)
plasma membrane
nucleus
nucleoid
Cytoplasm
outer cell membrane; encloses the cytoplasm
in Eukaryotic Cells
in Prokaryotic Cells
The semifluid matrix between a cell's plasma membrane and its…
plasma membrane
outer cell membrane; encloses the cytoplasm
nucleus
in Eukaryotic Cells
24 terms
Biology 160 chapter 4 cells
plasma membrane
nucleus
nucleoid
Cytoplasm
outer cell membrane; encloses the cytoplasm
in Eukaryotic Cells
in Prokaryotic Cells
The semifluid matrix between a cell's plasma membrane and its…
plasma membrane
outer cell membrane; encloses the cytoplasm
nucleus
in Eukaryotic Cells
20 terms
Functional Groups (from Campbell Biology Chapter 4)
organic chemistry
tetravalent
hydrocarbon
isomer
The study of carbon & hydrogen compounds (organic compounds).
4 electrons in valence shell, Ex. carbon
An organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen.
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
organic chemistry
The study of carbon & hydrogen compounds (organic compounds).
tetravalent
4 electrons in valence shell, Ex. carbon
12 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Functions
Smooth ER
Rough ER
Mitochondria
Cytoskeleton
Lipid Synthesis; detoxification of liver cells; calcium ion s…
Synthesis of membrane lipids and proteins, secretory proteins…
Conversion of chemical energy of food to ATP
Maintains cell shape; is an anchorage for organelles; helps w…
Smooth ER
Lipid Synthesis; detoxification of liver cells; calcium ion s…
Rough ER
Synthesis of membrane lipids and proteins, secretory proteins…
30 terms
Biology 160 Final Chapter 4
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Lysosome
Ribosome
Control Center (holds genetic material)
holds organelles in place
Gets rid of bacteria and removes waste from cell
Protein synthesis, transports proteins
Nucleus
Control Center (holds genetic material)
Cytoplasm
holds organelles in place
Chapter 4 Biology - Cell structure and function
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
Does not have skin like a cytoskeleton does. This includes
The membrane bound organelle that contains a cell's DNA. Most…
Plasma membrane
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Cytoplasm
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
18 terms
Functional groups biology chapter 4
amino group
carbonyl group
carboxyl group
Hydroxyl group
amino group
carbonyl group
60 terms
Chapter 4, bio 160
Cell envelope
Cytoplasm
Appendages
Plasma membrane
covering of the cell
inside of the cell
Emanating from the cell
phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins
Cell envelope
covering of the cell
Cytoplasm
inside of the cell
15 terms
Chapter 4 - Bio 160
Organic Molecule
Monomers
Polymers
Proteins
Molecule of life
Building blocks
Made of Monomers; long, complex molecules
Long Polymers; made of repeating monomers called amino acids
Organic Molecule
Molecule of life
Monomers
Building blocks
52 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell Theory
Organelle
Prokaryote
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
one of the small bodies that are found in the cytoplasm of a…
a single-celled organism that does not have a nucleus or memb…
Cell
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
Cell Theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
29 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
27 terms
Biology EOC CHapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
cell
Cell Membrane
cell wall
chloroplast
The basic unit of all living things that is fundamental to th…
The outer layer of a cell composed of phospholipids and prote…
A rigid structure that provides support and surrounds the cel…
An organelle in plant cells and other eukaryotic photosynthet…
cell
The basic unit of all living things that is fundamental to th…
Cell Membrane
The outer layer of a cell composed of phospholipids and prote…
52 terms
chapter 4 bio 160
histology
4 tissue types
epithelium
glands
study of tissues
-epithelia... -connective... -muscular... -neural
avascular collection of cells and extracellular material that…
secretory structures in the epithelia
histology
study of tissues
4 tissue types
-epithelia... -connective... -muscular... -neural
18 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Cells and Functions
chromosomes
nuclear envelope
nucleolus
ribosomes
carry genetic information; chromosomes work with other nuclei…
separates nucleoplasm from cytoplasm; regulates entry and exi…
makes ribosomes, which transcribe information from DNA.
builds proteins
chromosomes
carry genetic information; chromosomes work with other nuclei…
nuclear envelope
separates nucleoplasm from cytoplasm; regulates entry and exi…
9 terms
Functional Groups for Biology (Chapter 4 Campbell)
Hydroxyl Group
Carbonyl group
ketone
aldehyde
polar-- EN oxygen ... forms hydrogen bonds with water to dissolv…
sugars with ketone groups ... compound name: ketone or aldehyde
Hydroxyl Group
polar-- EN oxygen ... forms hydrogen bonds with water to dissolv…
Carbonyl group
sugars with ketone groups ... compound name: ketone or aldehyde
43 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Structure & Function of the Cell
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell theory
Nucleus
Membrane-bound structure that is the basic unit of life
The liquid bilayer that forms the outer boundary of a cell
The theory that all living things are made up of cells, that…
in a eukaryotic, the organelle that contains most of the DNA…
Cell
Membrane-bound structure that is the basic unit of life
Cell membrane
The liquid bilayer that forms the outer boundary of a cell
38 terms
BIO 160 Chapter 4
science
scientific method
communication
pseudoscience
a process used to solve problems or develop an understanding…
a way of gaining info or facts about the world by forming pos…
central characteristic of the scientific method
the deceptive practice that uses the appearance or language o…
science
a process used to solve problems or develop an understanding…
scientific method
a way of gaining info or facts about the world by forming pos…
52 terms
BISC 160 Chapter 4
light microscope
magnification
resolving power
Who were cells first described by and…
microscope used to view living cells; light is projected thro…
an increase in the object's image size compared with its actu…
the ability of an optical instruments to show two objects as…
Robert Hooke; 1665
light microscope
microscope used to view living cells; light is projected thro…
magnification
an increase in the object's image size compared with its actu…
73 terms
Biology~ Chapter 4 Notes "Structure and Function of the Cell"
cell
the light microscope
magnification
resolution
smallest unit of matter that can carry on all life processes
light passes through one or more lenses to produce an enlarge…
quality of making an image appear larger than its actual size
measure of clarity of an image
cell
smallest unit of matter that can carry on all life processes
the light microscope
light passes through one or more lenses to produce an enlarge…
30 terms
Chapter 4 Biology - Cell structure and function
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
Does not have skin like a cytoskeleton does. This includes
The membrane bound organelle that contains a cell's DNA. Most…
Plasma membrane
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Cytoplasm
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
30 terms
Chapter 4 Biology - Cell structure and function
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
Does not have skin like a cytoskeleton does. This includes
The membrane bound organelle that contains a cell's DNA. Most…
Plasma membrane
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Cytoplasm
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
29 terms
Biol 160 - Chapter 4
What are the 2 laws of thermodynamics?
What is energy, kinetic energy, and po…
What is entropy?
What are endergonic and exergonic reac…
1) energy can neither be created nor destroyed, and it can be…
-energy: the ability to do work... -kinetic energy: energy assoc…
Randomness, disorder, LESS useful energy... (when energy is conv…
Endergonic:... -energy is put INTO a reaction... -potential energy…
What are the 2 laws of thermodynamics?
1) energy can neither be created nor destroyed, and it can be…
What is energy, kinetic energy, and po…
-energy: the ability to do work... -kinetic energy: energy assoc…
64 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Actin Filament
Archaean
Bacillus
Basal Body
Component of the cytoskeleton that plays a role in the moveme…
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the Archaea domain
A rod-shaped bacterium
A cytoplasmic structure that is located at the base of cilia…
Actin Filament
Component of the cytoskeleton that plays a role in the moveme…
Archaean
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the Archaea domain
46 terms
bio 160 chapter 4
robert hooke
schleiden, schwann
small, surface, concentration
volume, smaller
Cells were discovered in 1665 by __
The two men who studied cells were __ (plants) and __ (animals)
Most cells are relatively __ due reliance on diffusion of sub…
As a cell's size increases, its __ increases much more rapidl…
robert hooke
Cells were discovered in 1665 by __
schleiden, schwann
The two men who studied cells were __ (plants) and __ (animals)
41 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Structure and Function of Cells
Robert Hooke
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Sehleiden
Theodor Schwann
British scientist - described cork "cells"
Dutch merchant- ground lenses looked at pond water ... -scum: de…
German botanist- 1838- all plants composed of cells
german zoologist- 1839- all animals composed of cells
Robert Hooke
British scientist - described cork "cells"
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
Dutch merchant- ground lenses looked at pond water ... -scum: de…
32 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Actin Filament
Archaean
Cell Theory
Cell Wall
Component of the cytoskeleton that plays a role in the moveme…
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the Archaea domain
States that all organisms are made of cells, cells are capabl…
Cellular structure that surrounds a plant, protisan, fungal,…
Actin Filament
Component of the cytoskeleton that plays a role in the moveme…
Archaean
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the Archaea domain
19 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
cytoplasm
cytosol
nucleus
The cell's outer boundary. Covers a cell's surface and acts l…
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
The part of the cytoplasm that includes molecules and small p…
The control center of the cell, it contains DNA. Most functio…
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
The cell's outer boundary. Covers a cell's surface and acts l…
cytoplasm
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
26 terms
Gamble - Biology - chapter 4 - Structure and Function of the Cell
Hooke
Van Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden
Schwann
First to see dead cells from a cork plant.
First to see living cells
Stated all plants are composed of cells
Stated all animals are composed of cells
Hooke
First to see dead cells from a cork plant.
Van Leeuwenhoek
First to see living cells
49 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Function
cell theory
surface area to volume ratio
compound light microscope
transmission electron microscope
that all organisms are composed of cells and that cells are t…
requires that cells be small
use light rays focused by glass lenses
use electrons passing through a specimen and focused by elect…
cell theory
that all organisms are composed of cells and that cells are t…
surface area to volume ratio
requires that cells be small
26 terms
Chapter 4: The Energy of Life (Bio 160)
Exocytosis
Entropy
Coenzymes
Hypotonic
Material inside cell, packaged into vesicles, is excreted int…
Loss of orderliness and usefulness and useful energy resultin…
-organic molecules are cofactors ... -carry chemical groups, ato…
lower solute concentration
Exocytosis
Material inside cell, packaged into vesicles, is excreted int…
Entropy
Loss of orderliness and usefulness and useful energy resultin…
23 terms
Functional Biology Chapter 4
The energy for the polymerization of n…
The four bases found in DNA are groupe…
Nucleotides are joined by a __________…
Experiments in Bartel's laboratory hav…
the hydrolysis of phosphate groups from nucleoside triphospha…
adenine and guanine have the number nine in their names and a…
sugar-phosphate linkage
RNA replication and ribonucleotide production
The energy for the polymerization of n…
the hydrolysis of phosphate groups from nucleoside triphospha…
The four bases found in DNA are groupe…
adenine and guanine have the number nine in their names and a…
32 terms
Biology 160 Chapter 3 & 4
Solvent
Solute
Cohesion
Adhesion
A liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances
A substance that is dissolved in a solution.
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Solvent
A liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances
Solute
A substance that is dissolved in a solution.
16 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Structure and Function of the Cell Review
What is a cell?
Who discovered cells and coined the na…
Who was the first person to observe li…
What is the first part of the cell the…
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all of the proc…
English scientist Robert Hooke in 1665 but he only saw dead c…
Dutch microscope maker Anton van Leeuwenhoek in 1673
All living things are made of cells
What is a cell?
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all of the proc…
Who discovered cells and coined the na…
English scientist Robert Hooke in 1665 but he only saw dead c…
19 terms
Biology chapter4 Cell Structure and Function
1. ATP
2. ADP
3. Chemosynthesis
4. Photosynthesis
(Adenosine triphosphats) high energy molecule that contains,…
(Adenosine diphosphate) low energy molecule that can be conve…
Process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
Process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
1. ATP
(Adenosine triphosphats) high energy molecule that contains,…
2. ADP
(Adenosine diphosphate) low energy molecule that can be conve…
12 terms
lib 160 chapter 4
articles in a wide range of subject ar…
What is the main purpose of an index a…
Usually include lengthy bibliographies…
As you learned in Chapter 4, it's impo…
Quick Search... Periodical Index... Periodical Index... Quick Search
To help you find articles on your subject.
Scholarly journals... Popular magazines... Popular magazines... Schola…
a book chapter
articles in a wide range of subject ar…
Quick Search... Periodical Index... Periodical Index... Quick Search
What is the main purpose of an index a…
To help you find articles on your subject.
162 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Structure and Function of the Cell
What is a cell?
What do all cells need?
What did Robert Hooke do?
What did Robert Hooke name cells after?
the basic, smallest unit that can carry on all processes of l…
protein
(England 1665) - observed cells in a thin slice of cork, then…
the rooms in a monastery
What is a cell?
the basic, smallest unit that can carry on all processes of l…
What do all cells need?
protein
32 terms
MISY160 Chapter 4
Application Software
System Software
Proprietary Software
Open source software
Used to help perform tasks at home, school, or work
Helps run the computer and coordinate instructions between ap…
Software you must buy because it is owned by an individual or…
Free software that is available with few licensing and copyri…
Application Software
Used to help perform tasks at home, school, or work
System Software
Helps run the computer and coordinate instructions between ap…
10 terms
ECON 160- Chapter 4 Equilibrium
Market Equilibrium
Equilibrium Price
Equilibrium Quantity
Market Surplus vs Shortage
A situation in which opposing forces balance each other ... -occ…
Price at which quantity demanded = quantity supplied... -neither…
Quantity bought and sold at the equilibrium price... -price regu…
Market Equilibrium
A situation in which opposing forces balance each other ... -occ…
Equilibrium Price
Price at which quantity demanded = quantity supplied... -neither…
18 terms
Bio 160 CHAPTER 4
Energy
Types of Energy
Potential energy
Examples of potential energy in Biology
Requirement to move matter (ex: eating to acquire energy to e…
Kinetic energy and potential energy
Stored energy available to use in order to do work (ex: An en…
-Chemical energy (stored in bonds) like food... -concentration g…
Energy
Requirement to move matter (ex: eating to acquire energy to e…
Types of Energy
Kinetic energy and potential energy
18 terms
Economics 160 CSUN Chapter4
Market
Competitive market
Quantity demanded
Law of demand
A group of buyers and sellers of a particular goods or service.
The market in which there are many buyers and many sellers so…
The amount of a good that buys are willing and able to purcha…
The claim that, other things equal, the quantity demanded of…
Market
A group of buyers and sellers of a particular goods or service.
Competitive market
The market in which there are many buyers and many sellers so…
14 terms
Biology Chapter 4-Organelle Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Chloroplast
Chromoplast
The thin covering of a cell that allows some things in and ot…
Supports and protects cells (Plant)
Use light energy to make carbohydrates from carbon dioxide an…
Gives color (Plant)
Cell Membrane
The thin covering of a cell that allows some things in and ot…
Cell Wall
Supports and protects cells (Plant)
Biology Chapter 4 (Cell structure and function)
cell theory
Diffusion
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
In 1855, the German physician Rudolf Virchow completed the __…
is the process by which molecules dissolved in fluids dispers…
each cell is surrounded by an extremely thin, rather fluid me…
consists of all the fluid and structures that lie inside the…
cell theory
In 1855, the German physician Rudolf Virchow completed the __…
Diffusion
is the process by which molecules dissolved in fluids dispers…
169 terms
Biology 160 Chapters 1 - 4
biosphere
ecosystem
community
population
the entire portion of earth inhabited by life; sum of all pla…
all the organisms in a given area
an assemblage of all the organisms living together and potent…
a group of the same species living in the same area
biosphere
the entire portion of earth inhabited by life; sum of all pla…
ecosystem
all the organisms in a given area
27 terms
ECON 160- Chapter 4 Demand
Competitive Markets
Market
Quantity Demanded
Law of Demand
Have so many buyers and so many sellers that no individual bu…
-Any arrangement that brings buyers and sellers together... -May…
The amount of a good, service, or resource that people are wi…
Other things remaining the same... -If a price of a good rises,…
Competitive Markets
Have so many buyers and so many sellers that no individual bu…
Market
-Any arrangement that brings buyers and sellers together... -May…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Functions
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Forms the boundary of the cell; acts as a selective barrier a…
The entire region between the nucleus and the cell membrane;…
Contains most of the genes that control the eukaryotic cell;…
Where the components of the ribosomes are synthesized and ass…
Cell membrane
Forms the boundary of the cell; acts as a selective barrier a…
Cytoplasm
The entire region between the nucleus and the cell membrane;…
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