Study sets matching "biology 160"

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Study sets matching "biology 160"

15 terms
Biology 160
Ribosome
Cell membrane
Lysosome
Cell wall
Create protein. No membrane.... Composed of rRNA and protein
GATEKEEPER - REGULATES WHAT ENTERS AND EXITS CELL
An organelle containing digestive enzymes
-gives shape, structure and protectio
Ribosome
Create protein. No membrane.... Composed of rRNA and protein
Cell membrane
GATEKEEPER - REGULATES WHAT ENTERS AND EXITS CELL
Biology 160
Atom
Biology
Biosphere
Cell
Fundamental building block of all matter
Systematic study of life
All regions of Earth where organisms live
Smallest unit of life
Atom
Fundamental building block of all matter
Biology
Systematic study of life
Biology 160
Chromosome
where is DNA found?
Chromatid
Chromatin
a single DNA molecule
nucleus/nucleoli
each of the two threadlike strands into which a chromosome di…
consists of DNA, RNA, and protein
Chromosome
a single DNA molecule
where is DNA found?
nucleus/nucleoli
28 terms
Biology 160, Chapter 5
Glycolipid
Glycoprotein
Immune Response
Lipids
Carbohydrate chain attached to a phospholipid molecule.
Carbohydrate chain attached to protein.
Activation of the immune system.
There are 2 types important in membrane structure. Phospholip…
Glycolipid
Carbohydrate chain attached to a phospholipid molecule.
Glycoprotein
Carbohydrate chain attached to protein.
41 terms
Biology 160, Chapter 4
Cell Theory States:
Prokaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Structures
Cell Envelope
All organisms are composed of cells. Cells are the basic unit…
"Before Nucleus". Bacteria and archaea are this. Single-celle…
Rods (hot dog shaped), Cocci (sphere shaped), and Spirals/Cur…
Outside structure of Prokaryotic cell. Include Cellular Membr…
Cell Theory States:
All organisms are composed of cells. Cells are the basic unit…
Prokaryotic Cell
"Before Nucleus". Bacteria and archaea are this. Single-celle…
193 terms
Biology 160
This molecule is polar:... A. /\/\/\... B.…
This molecule contains an ionic bond:…
This molecule is non polar:... A. /\/\/\…
This molecule is not organic:... A. /\/\…
B. CH3 - CH2 - OH
C. Na+Cl-
A. /\/\/\
C. Na+Cl-
This molecule is polar:... A. /\/\/\... B.…
B. CH3 - CH2 - OH
This molecule contains an ionic bond:…
C. Na+Cl-
217 terms
Biology 160
organism
organism
theory
theory
a form of life composed of mutually interdependent parts that…
a living entity made up of one or more cells
an explanation for a general class of phenomena or observations
a coherent group of tested general propositions, commonly reg…
organism
a form of life composed of mutually interdependent parts that…
organism
a living entity made up of one or more cells
Biology 160
Transport Protein
Selective Permeability
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Membrane spanning porteins that producce pathways for materia…
Some substances can cross the membrane at any time, some are…
Spontaneous movement of a substance without input of energy
Movement caused by direct input of energy
Transport Protein
Membrane spanning porteins that producce pathways for materia…
Selective Permeability
Some substances can cross the membrane at any time, some are…
25 terms
Biology 160 Exam 1
The R-group, or side chain, of the ami…
If one strand of a DNA molecule has th…
Which of the following are purine nitr…
Refer to the figure above (first three…
D. Leucine would be in the interior, and Serine would be on t…
A. 5'TGCAAT3'
E. guanine and adenine
B. Silicon... (Silicon is directly below carbon on the periodic…
The R-group, or side chain, of the ami…
D. Leucine would be in the interior, and Serine would be on t…
If one strand of a DNA molecule has th…
A. 5'TGCAAT3'
85 terms
Biology 160
Rainbow Trout
Northern Pike
Muskellunge
Walleye
Rainbow Trout
Northern Pike
60 terms
Biology 160 Unit I
Levels of organization of human body
The three planes of section
Anatomic directions of body
human cell structure
Levels of organization of human body
The three planes of section
40 terms
Biology 160
Protein
Function of Protein
Amino acids Structure
Peptide Bond
- Polymers of amino acids... - Contains C, H, O, N, S... - Small to…
- Structural support... - Chemical messengers... - Catalysts (enzym…
-Central C... -H... -NH2... -COOH... R (variable side chain)... 20 amino aci…
Links COOH of one amino acid to the amino group of another am…
Protein
- Polymers of amino acids... - Contains C, H, O, N, S... - Small to…
Function of Protein
- Structural support... - Chemical messengers... - Catalysts (enzym…
86 terms
Biology 160
Chromosome
where is DNA found?
Chromatid
Chromatin
a single DNA molecule
nucleus/nucleoli
each of the two threadlike strands into which a chromosome di…
consists of DNA, RNA, and protein
Chromosome
a single DNA molecule
where is DNA found?
nucleus/nucleoli
28 terms
Biology160
Bacteria
Archaea
Protists
Fungi
Pathogenic "bad"... Probiotic "good"
Similar to bacteria but live in extreme environments
"Pond life" aquatic single celled organisms
Mushrooms, mold, mildew, yeasts
Bacteria
Pathogenic "bad"... Probiotic "good"
Archaea
Similar to bacteria but live in extreme environments
33 terms
Biology 160
The overall three-dimensional shape of…
The names of carbohydrates generally e…
Cellular metabolism is ______
How does DNA differ from RNA?
Tertiary structure
-ose
The chemical activity of a cell
DNA: larger, contains deoxyribose, contains thymine, consists…
The overall three-dimensional shape of…
Tertiary structure
The names of carbohydrates generally e…
-ose
23 terms
Biology 160, Chapter 2
Buffer
Alkalosis
Acidosis
pH Scale
Molecules that keep pH stable by reacting with H+ or OH-
A blood pH higher than 7.45
A blood pH lower than 7.35
Range of 0-14. pH of 7 is neutral, water is 7 pH. Blood/Body…
Buffer
Molecules that keep pH stable by reacting with H+ or OH-
Alkalosis
A blood pH higher than 7.45
Biology 160
atom
basic science
biology
biosphere
a basic unit of matter that cannot be broken down by normal c…
science that seeks to expand knowledge regardless of the shor…
the study of living organisms and their interactions with one…
a collection of all ecosystems on Earth
atom
a basic unit of matter that cannot be broken down by normal c…
basic science
science that seeks to expand knowledge regardless of the shor…
16 terms
Biology 160, Chapter 1
Biology
Atoms
Molecules
Multicellular
the study of life.
the smallest component of an atom.
the smallest physical unit of an element, made of atoms.
Composed of several or many cells.
Biology
the study of life.
Atoms
the smallest component of an atom.
74 terms
Biology 160
Ribose
Adenine
Thymine
Guanine
...
...
...
...
Ribose
...
Adenine
...
31 terms
Biology 160
Organelle
Cell
Tissue
Organ
membrane bound packages in eukaryotic cells that have functio…
membrane bound smallest unit of life that can function indepe…
group of similar cells that have similar function that functi…
made of tissues that function as a unit
Organelle
membrane bound packages in eukaryotic cells that have functio…
Cell
membrane bound smallest unit of life that can function indepe…
biology 160: chapter 1
order
regulation
metabolism
responsiveness
the smallest bit of life is the cell; all living things have…
of internal environment in order to sustain life (homeostasis)
synthesis and break down of molecules, producing energy to po…
perceive and act to their environment
order
the smallest bit of life is the cell; all living things have…
regulation
of internal environment in order to sustain life (homeostasis)
31 terms
Biology 160, Chapter 6
Energy
Coupled Reactions
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
The capacity/potential to do cellular work, cells get energy…
Chemical reactions that happen in the same location at the sa…
Sum of all the chemical reactions occurring in a cell. Made u…
Series of linked chemical reactions where the product of one…
Energy
The capacity/potential to do cellular work, cells get energy…
Coupled Reactions
Chemical reactions that happen in the same location at the sa…
7 terms
Biology 160
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Enzyme
Substrate
Attracted to water
Repelled by water (water fearing)
A protein that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction in a…
A molecule that the enzyme acts on
Hydrophilic
Attracted to water
Hydrophobic
Repelled by water (water fearing)
12 terms
Biology 160
Atom
Molecule
Macromolecule
Cell
The basic unit of a chemical element ... Atoms are in oxygen, he…
A group of atoms bonded together representing the smallest fu…
A molecule containing a very large number of atoms such as a…
The smallest structural and functional unit of an organism ty…
Atom
The basic unit of a chemical element ... Atoms are in oxygen, he…
Molecule
A group of atoms bonded together representing the smallest fu…
biology 160
isotopes
molecule
hemoglobin
ions
atoms that have the same number of protons but different numb…
a group of atoms held together by energy
carries oxygen in your blood to every part of your body
atoms that have gain or lost one or more electrons
isotopes
atoms that have the same number of protons but different numb…
molecule
a group of atoms held together by energy
11 terms
Biology 160
Thoracic cavity-everything deep to the…
Membranes
Feedback loop
Abdominopelvic cavity-everything deep to abdominal and pelvic…
Thoracic cavity: pleura, covers outer surface of lung ... Abdom…
Positive feedback: stimulus produces response that reinforces…
Thoracic cavity-everything deep to the…
Abdominopelvic cavity-everything deep to abdominal and pelvic…
Membranes
Thoracic cavity: pleura, covers outer surface of lung ... Abdom…
18 terms
biology 160
interphase
G1
S phase
G2
takes in nutrients and manufactures proteins
cells are grown, ready to divide
cells replicates
end of interphase. check point see if cell is ready for cell…
interphase
takes in nutrients and manufactures proteins
G1
cells are grown, ready to divide
113 terms
Biology 160 Section 1
matter
protons
electrons
neutrons
anything that has mass and occupies space
positively charged, located in the nucleus
negatively charged, orbit around nucleus
no charge, located in the nucleus
matter
anything that has mass and occupies space
protons
positively charged, located in the nucleus
Biology 160
Porifera (sponges)
Cnidarian (hydras, jellies, sea anemon…
Platyhelminthes (flatworms)
Rotifera (rotifers)
lack true tissues; have choanocytes(collar cells-flagellated…
unique stinging structures housed in specialized cells; diplo…
dorsoventrically flattened acoelomates; gastrovascular cavity…
Pseudocoelomates with alimentary canal; jaws; and head with c…
Porifera (sponges)
lack true tissues; have choanocytes(collar cells-flagellated…
Cnidarian (hydras, jellies, sea anemon…
unique stinging structures housed in specialized cells; diplo…
Biology 160
Biology
What is life? (What are the characteri…
homeostasis
Biophilia
the scientific study of life
-exchange with the environment(food,gasses)... -Adapt to environ…
regulation of internal environment
to love life (E.O. Wilson)
Biology
the scientific study of life
What is life? (What are the characteri…
-exchange with the environment(food,gasses)... -Adapt to environ…
49 terms
biology 160
1. Name and describe the general funct…
2. Who were the major players in the d…
3. Which are the major molecules found…
4. What characteristics of membrane mo…
1. It is the boundary, which separates the living cell from t…
-E. Gorter & F. Grendel 1925: reasoned that cell membranes mu…
-With few exceptions, cellular membranes — including plasma m…
1. The plasma membrane (cell membrane) is made of two layers…
1. Name and describe the general funct…
1. It is the boundary, which separates the living cell from t…
2. Who were the major players in the d…
-E. Gorter & F. Grendel 1925: reasoned that cell membranes mu…
25 terms
Biology 160 Exam 2
You have isolated a previously unstudi…
In an experiment involving planar bila…
You make a phospholipid bilayer with s…
Which of the following statements abou…
A. It is probably an enzyme that works through allosteric reg…
A. Ions cannot cross planar bilayers
A. Decreasing at a constant rate
C. NAD+ is reduced to NADH during glycolysis, pyruvate oxidat…
You have isolated a previously unstudi…
A. It is probably an enzyme that works through allosteric reg…
In an experiment involving planar bila…
A. Ions cannot cross planar bilayers
31 terms
UWSP Biology 160: Invertebrates
Phylum Porifera
Class Calcarea
Class Demospongia
Class Hexactinellida
Sponges
Phylum: Porifera, Leucosolena
Phylum: Porifera, Spongilla, Bath Sponges
Phylum: Porifera, Venus' flower basket
Phylum Porifera
Sponges
Class Calcarea
Phylum: Porifera, Leucosolena
89 terms
Biology 160, week 1
Valence
Matter
Element
Atom
Outermost shell of an atom's electrons
Anything that occupies space; a general descriptor for a phys…
Substance that cannot be broken down into other substances; a…
Smallest unit of an element that retains the element's proper…
Valence
Outermost shell of an atom's electrons
Matter
Anything that occupies space; a general descriptor for a phys…
174 terms
Biology 160 Final review
hypothesis
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Controlled Variables
- Tentative, but untested explanations... - Make predictions tha…
The thing studied, manipulated, or tested
the thing(s) affected by the independent variable
All other things that stay the same in an experiment
hypothesis
- Tentative, but untested explanations... - Make predictions tha…
Independent Variable
The thing studied, manipulated, or tested
Biology 160- Debra Lancaster
ABO Blood group antigens
ABO Blood group antibodies
Rh Blood group antigens
Rh Blood group antibodies
A- A Antigen... B- B Antigen... AB- A Antigen & B Antigen... O- No Ant…
A- Anti B... B- Anti A... AB-No antibodies... O- Anti A & Anti B
Rh+: Rh+ Antigens... Rh-: Rh- Antigens
Rh+: Rh- antibodies... Rh-: Rh+ antibodies
ABO Blood group antigens
A- A Antigen... B- B Antigen... AB- A Antigen & B Antigen... O- No Ant…
ABO Blood group antibodies
A- Anti B... B- Anti A... AB-No antibodies... O- Anti A & Anti B
41 terms
biology 160 ch 1
cells
biology is made up of
cells are the
biology is a common set of chemical co…
individual structures enclosed by membranes
cells
building blocks
carbohydrates, fatty acids, nucleic acids, and amino acids
cells
individual structures enclosed by membranes
biology is made up of
cells
Biology 160
Digestive system
Respiratory system
Circulatory system
Urinary system
Breaks down food materials, absorbs nutrients, and expels waste
Responsible for the exchange of gases within the body between…
Pumps blood to distribute hormones, nutrients, and gases
Filters the blood and removes waste from it, concentrates was…
Digestive system
Breaks down food materials, absorbs nutrients, and expels waste
Respiratory system
Responsible for the exchange of gases within the body between…
73 terms
Biology 160 Chapter 11
What is gene regulation?
What is gene expression?
Why is gene regulation important?
What are the the two control sequences…
Gene regulation is the turning off and on of genes that can h…
Gene expression is when genetic information moves from gene t…
Gene regulation is important because it helps control the pro…
1. The promoter... 2. The operator
What is gene regulation?
Gene regulation is the turning off and on of genes that can h…
What is gene expression?
Gene expression is when genetic information moves from gene t…
Biology 160 unit 1
Evolution
Natural selection
Adaption
Biology
the process of change in allele frequencies of a gene in a po…
individuals with superior physical or behavioral traits are m…
process of change by natural selection that results in better…
the scientific study of life
Evolution
the process of change in allele frequencies of a gene in a po…
Natural selection
individuals with superior physical or behavioral traits are m…
23 terms
Biology 160 Terms-Chapter 2
Proton
Electron
Atomic Number
Mass Number
Positively charged subatomic particle that occurs in the nucl…
Negatively charged subatomic particle that occupies orbitals…
Number of protons in the atomic nucleus; determines the element
Total number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an ele…
Proton
Positively charged subatomic particle that occurs in the nucl…
Electron
Negatively charged subatomic particle that occupies orbitals…
8 terms
Biology 160
Matter
Element
A compound
Atom
Anything that occupies space and has masa
Substance that cannot be broken dơn to other substances by or…
A substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
Smallest unit of an elemet that still has the properties of t…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has masa
Element
Substance that cannot be broken dơn to other substances by or…
48 terms
Midterm 2 Biology 160
Membrane Protein Functions
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Osmosis
1. Connect Cytoskeleton to EMC... 2. Cell Identification (glycop…
- Movement of a substance across a membrane that does not req…
particles move from an area of high to low concentration due…
passive transport of water across a selective membrane
Membrane Protein Functions
1. Connect Cytoskeleton to EMC... 2. Cell Identification (glycop…
Passive Transport
- Movement of a substance across a membrane that does not req…
Biology 160 endoskeleton
Endo Skeleton
Axial skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Osteon
Skeleton on the inside of the body.
Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, ri…
Bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the…
A structural unit of compact bone consisting of a central can…
Endo Skeleton
Skeleton on the inside of the body.
Axial skeleton
Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, ri…
90 terms
Biology 160 Exam 3
First Law of Thermodynamics
Cellular Respiration
Reduction (Reduced)
Light Independent Reaction
Energy is not created or destroyed. It just changes forms.
The catabolic pathways of of aerobic and anerobic respiration…
The complete or partial addition of electrons to a substance…
Chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and other comp…
First Law of Thermodynamics
Energy is not created or destroyed. It just changes forms.
Cellular Respiration
The catabolic pathways of of aerobic and anerobic respiration…
Biology 160
What is the difference between potenti…
What are the different possible source…
What is metabolism? What is the differ…
What are the first and second laws of…
Kinetic is the energy for motion and Potential energy is stor…
...
Metabolism is the sum of an organisms chemical reactions. Cat…
1st=the principle conservation of energy, energy can change f…
What is the difference between potenti…
Kinetic is the energy for motion and Potential energy is stor…
What are the different possible source…
...
26 terms
Biology 160 chapter 2
Compound
Atomic number
Mass number
Isotopes
A substance consisting of two or more different elements in a…
The unique number of protons an atom originally has
Sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus
This variation of an element have the same amount of protons,…
Compound
A substance consisting of two or more different elements in a…
Atomic number
The unique number of protons an atom originally has
23 terms
Lesson 4 Biology160
Support
Protection
Movement
Storage
by providing the internal framework for our body. "steel grid…
of the soft body organs Ex. vertebrae, surround the spinal cord
Muscles being attaced to bones and tendons Result: walking, s…
The red marrow
Support
by providing the internal framework for our body. "steel grid…
Protection
of the soft body organs Ex. vertebrae, surround the spinal cord
31 terms
Chapter 1 Biology&160
5 Characteristics of Life
Life is Organized -Characteristic of L…
Emergent Property
Describe the Flow of Energy and Cyclin…
1.Life is Organized 2.Life Require Energy 3.Life Maintains In…
1.Atoms 2.Molecules 3.Organelles 4.Tissues 5.Organs 6.Organ S…
Components interacting creating new and complex function. Eme…
With producers extracting energy, consumers and decomposers o…
5 Characteristics of Life
1.Life is Organized 2.Life Require Energy 3.Life Maintains In…
Life is Organized -Characteristic of L…
1.Atoms 2.Molecules 3.Organelles 4.Tissues 5.Organs 6.Organ S…
Biology 160 Unit 2
Osmosis
Actin
Nucleus
Nucleolus
The diffusion of water across a semi-permeable membrane.
A protein in microfilaments (cytoskeletons) that helps you mo…
A double membrane bound organelle that protects chromosomes.
This is located in the nucleus and makes ribosomes.
Osmosis
The diffusion of water across a semi-permeable membrane.
Actin
A protein in microfilaments (cytoskeletons) that helps you mo…
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