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Study sets matching "biology 180"

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Study sets matching "biology 180"

20 terms
biology terms 161-180
-lux
-lysis
-mania
-ment
light
breakdown
madness for
means, product
-lux
light
-lysis
breakdown
51 terms
Biology180 Chapters 1-5
DNA is composed of building blocks cal…
In eukaryotic cells DNA has the appear…
An organ, such as the liver, is compos…
Which of these is an organ system?... -s…
nucleotides
double helix
tissues
digestive
DNA is composed of building blocks cal…
nucleotides
In eukaryotic cells DNA has the appear…
double helix
20 terms
Biology Terms 161-180
-lux
-lysis
-mania
-ment
light
breakdown, splitting
madness for
means, product
-lux
light
-lysis
breakdown, splitting
20 terms
161-180 stems biology
-lux
-lysis
-mania
-ment
Light
Breakdown, splitting
Madness for
Means, products, act state
-lux
Light
-lysis
Breakdown, splitting
20 terms
Biology terms 180-200
Hidr-
Hipp-
Hist-
Holo-
Sweat
Horse
Tissue
Entire
Hidr-
Sweat
Hipp-
Horse
20 terms
Biology ROOTS 160-180
-gam-
Gastr-
-gen, -gine
-gene-
Marriage
Stomach
Producer, former
Origin, birth
-gam-
Marriage
Gastr-
Stomach
17 terms
biology words 160-180
sym/syn
tax
telo
terr
together
arrange,put in order
end
earth,land
sym/syn
together
tax
arrange,put in order
20 terms
Biology Prefixes 161 - 180
flu-, fluct-
foli-
fract-
-gam-
flux, flow
leaf
break
marriage
flu-, fluct-
flux, flow
foli-
leaf
104 terms
Biology 180 Midterm 3
Extinction
Ancestral Characteristics
Derived Characteristics
Vestigial Trait
When a species ceases to exist
Characteristic/trait that developed in the past
Characteristic/trait that developed more recently
A trait that has lost its function through time
Extinction
When a species ceases to exist
Ancestral Characteristics
Characteristic/trait that developed in the past
46 terms
Biology 180 Final
competitive exclusion principle
character displacement
niche
niche differentiation
the principle that two species cannot coexist in the same eco…
the evolutionary tendency for the traits of similar species t…
the range of resources a species can use and the range of con…
the evolutionary change in resource use by competing species…
competitive exclusion principle
the principle that two species cannot coexist in the same eco…
character displacement
the evolutionary tendency for the traits of similar species t…
43 terms
Biology 180 Exam 1
Phases of Meiosis/Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase I
Metaphase I
Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase (prophas…
Includes the replication of DNA to create chromosomes with ge…
Homologous chromosomes undergo synapsis, whereby they pair up…
The homologous pairs line up along the equator of the cell.
Phases of Meiosis/Mitosis
Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase (prophas…
Interphase
Includes the replication of DNA to create chromosomes with ge…
Biology stems 161-180
lux
lysis
mania
ment
light
breakdown, splitting
madness for
means, product, act state
lux
light
lysis
breakdown, splitting
21 terms
Biology 180-200
scope
some
spora
stalsis
instrument for seeing
body
seed
constriction, compression
scope
instrument for seeing
some
body
19 terms
Biology 180 Exam 2
For a repressible operon to be transcr…
Using RNA as a template for protein sy…
RNA polymerase moves in which directio…
transcription in eukaryotes requires w…
RNA polymerase must bind to the promoter and repressor must b…
RNA acts expendable, partial copies of the comprehensive, ori…
3 --> 5 along template strand
several transcription factors
For a repressible operon to be transcr…
RNA polymerase must bind to the promoter and repressor must b…
Using RNA as a template for protein sy…
RNA acts expendable, partial copies of the comprehensive, ori…
63 terms
Biology 180 Final
Natural Gas Percentage
Natural Gas Pros
Natural Gas Cons
Natural Gas Characteristics
~28% in US
- Even more abundant than oil... - More clean burning... - Medium n…
- Requires a lot of energy to make
- Mostly methane- some propane and butane... - Typically transpo…
Natural Gas Percentage
~28% in US
Natural Gas Pros
- Even more abundant than oil... - More clean burning... - Medium n…
15 terms
Biology Prefixes 166-180
neuro
nigra
noct
nomen
nerve
black
night
name
neuro
nerve
nigra
black
20 terms
Biology Suffixes 161-180
-lux
-lysis
-mania
-ment
light
breakdown, splitting
madness for
means, product, act state
-lux
light
-lysis
breakdown, splitting
39 terms
Biology 180 Series
Binomial Names
Levels of organizations
Emergent properties
Physiological response
Genus epithet
Atoms, Molecules, Organelles, Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organis…
Each level merely a sum of its parts and results from interac…
When an organism is able to respond to the environment
Binomial Names
Genus epithet
Levels of organizations
Atoms, Molecules, Organelles, Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organis…
10 terms
Biology #171-180
-oid
oligo-
-ology
-oma
resembling
little, few
the study of
swelling
-oid
resembling
oligo-
little, few
10 terms
Biology 171-180
phage
phase
phore
phyll
eater
stage
bearing or carrying
leaf
phage
eater
phase
stage
10 terms
Biology vocabulary 171-180
Protein
Pulmonary Circulation
Renewable Resource
Replication
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nit…
path of circulation between the heart and lungs
resource that can be produced or replaced by healthy ecosyste…
process of copying DNA prior to cell division
Protein
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nit…
Pulmonary Circulation
path of circulation between the heart and lungs
14 terms
Biology pages 180-190
Making multiple copies of a gene invol…
2 sources to make recombinant dna
1. cloning ........ or ....... gets in…
2.cloning gene of interest is inserted…
joining dna from 2 sources to make recombinant DNA
bacteria and human cell
Bacteria (ecoli is common) or Human cell (insulin)
plasma - recombinant dna
Making multiple copies of a gene invol…
joining dna from 2 sources to make recombinant DNA
2 sources to make recombinant dna
bacteria and human cell
10 terms
Biology Prefixes #171-180
-phage
-phase
-phore
-phyll
eater
stage
bearing or carrying
leaf
-phage
eater
-phase
stage
18 terms
Biology 180 #4
Self-Pollination
Cross-pollination
Autosomal chromosomes (autosomes)
Sex chromosomes
Female organ (receives pollen), Male (produce pollen gains)
Collect pollen from one individual and transfer it to the fem…
non-sex determining chromosomes in humans (1-22)
information/genes in them determine sex of an individual, in…
Self-Pollination
Female organ (receives pollen), Male (produce pollen gains)
Cross-pollination
Collect pollen from one individual and transfer it to the fem…
45 terms
Biology 180 MidTerms
Environmental science
Ecology
Ecosystem
Resource
is a interdisciplinary study of how the earth works,how we in…
is a component of environmental science and is a study of how…
a set of organisms with in a defined area or volume interacti…
anything that is obtained from the environment to meet our ne…
Environmental science
is a interdisciplinary study of how the earth works,how we in…
Ecology
is a component of environmental science and is a study of how…
39 terms
Biology 180 Chapter 6
How does surface area to volume ratio…
What allowed eukaryotic cells to evolv…
What is a Nucleoid
Ribosomes
Surface area increase while volume remain constant.
The increased amount of membrane.
region that contains the bacterial chromosome. Consist of sin…
Protein/RNA complexes that synthesize cellular proteins
How does surface area to volume ratio…
Surface area increase while volume remain constant.
What allowed eukaryotic cells to evolv…
The increased amount of membrane.
20 terms
Biology Vocabulary 161-180
Retic
Rhizo
Rhodo
Sapien
Smal
Root
Red
Wise
Retic
Smal
Rhizo
Root
10 terms
Biology vocab 171-180
Karyotype
Bacteriophase
Nucleotide
Double helix
Image of all the chromosomes in a cell.
Virus that infects bacteria.
Monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
Model that compares the structure of a DNA molecule, in which…
Karyotype
Image of all the chromosomes in a cell.
Bacteriophase
Virus that infects bacteria.
Biology 180 exam 1
Genetics
Heredity
Trait
Self-Fertilization
Branch of biology that focuses on heredity
Transmission of traits from parents to offspring
Any characteristic of an individual
Pea plant pollinates itself
Genetics
Branch of biology that focuses on heredity
Heredity
Transmission of traits from parents to offspring
20 terms
Biology Vocabulary 161-180
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O + light ---> C6H12O6 + 6O2
ATP
Using energy to carry out necessary life processes.
Light energy is captured and converted to chemical energy.
Photosynthesis equation
Molecule found in all cells that temporarily stores energy.
Metabolism
Using energy to carry out necessary life processes.
Photosynthesis
Light energy is captured and converted to chemical energy.
20 terms
biology 161-180 vocab
Karyotype
Bacteriophase
Nucleotide
Double helix
Image of all the chromosomes in a cell.
Virus that infects bacteria.
Monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
Model that compares the structure of a DNA molecule, in which…
Karyotype
Image of all the chromosomes in a cell.
Bacteriophase
Virus that infects bacteria.
10 terms
Biology Vocab 171-180
protein
pulmonary circulation
renewable resource
replication
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nit…
path of circulation between the heart and lungs
resource that can be produced or replaced by healthy ecosyste…
process of copying DNA prior to cell division
protein
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nit…
pulmonary circulation
path of circulation between the heart and lungs
49 terms
Biology 180 Exam 5
Kingdom Plante
4 major adaptations that allow ocean t…
plants consist of what organized parts?
How do plants exchange energy with the…
the green plants
roots, cuticle, stomata, vascular system (xylem and phloemn)
roots, stems, leaves, flowers
photosynthesis, cellular metabolism, being eaten
Kingdom Plante
the green plants
4 major adaptations that allow ocean t…
roots, cuticle, stomata, vascular system (xylem and phloemn)
Biology 180 Exam 3
Cell Membranes
S.J. Singer and G. Nicolson
Freeze Fracture
The Fluid- Mosaic Model of Membrane St…
-Membranes have been chemically analyzed and found to be made…
-Proposed that the membrane is a mosaic of proteins dispersed…
A specialized preparation technique that splits a membrane al…
-Plasma membranes contain as much protein as phospholipids... -T…
Cell Membranes
-Membranes have been chemically analyzed and found to be made…
S.J. Singer and G. Nicolson
-Proposed that the membrane is a mosaic of proteins dispersed…
43 terms
Nematodes to Insects Biology 180
Ecdysis
Cuticle
Nematodes characterisitcs
Trichinella spiralis
molting
Ecdysozoa includes animals that shed a tough external coat as…
Alimentary canal, lack a circulatory system, longitudinal bod…
the worm that causes trichinosis from raw meat
Ecdysis
molting
Cuticle
Ecdysozoa includes animals that shed a tough external coat as…
66 terms
Biology 180 Final
species richness
species diversity
productivity
ecosystem
simple count of how many species are present in a given commu…
weighted measure that incorporates species' relative abundanc…
total amount of photosynthesis per unit area per year
species present in a region, along with abiotic components- s…
species richness
simple count of how many species are present in a given commu…
species diversity
weighted measure that incorporates species' relative abundanc…
38 terms
Biology 180 Exam 3
Pathogenic Bacteria (Kingdom Monera)
The Bacteria (Sub-kingdom Proteobacter…
The Bacteria (Sub-kingdom Cyanobacteria
The Bacteria (Sub-kingdom Chlamydias
Endotoxin producing:... Salmonella sp.... Escherichia coli... Exotoxi…
Rhizobium sp.... Escherichia coli... Yersinia pestis... Vibrio cholera…
Anabaena sp.... Arthrospiria platensis
Chlamydia trachomatis... Chlamydia pneumonia
Pathogenic Bacteria (Kingdom Monera)
Endotoxin producing:... Salmonella sp.... Escherichia coli... Exotoxi…
The Bacteria (Sub-kingdom Proteobacter…
Rhizobium sp.... Escherichia coli... Yersinia pestis... Vibrio cholera…
23 terms
Biology 180 Exam 1
Pattern component
Process component
what is the process component of natur…
What is the pattern component of evolu…
the "what" the evidence
the "how"
...
...
Pattern component
the "what" the evidence
Process component
the "how"
75 terms
Biology 180 Midterm 3
Instantaneous Rate of Increase(r)
intrinsic rate of increase (rmax)
Exponential population growth
Density dependent
the difference between the birth rate and death rate per indi…
The rate at which a population will grow under optimal condit…
The accelerating increase in the size of a population that oc…
In population ecology, referring to any characteristic that v…
Instantaneous Rate of Increase(r)
the difference between the birth rate and death rate per indi…
intrinsic rate of increase (rmax)
The rate at which a population will grow under optimal condit…
195 terms
Biology 180 Exam 3
Bacteria and Archea
Phyla
pathogenic
Koch's Postulate
unicellular and are all prokaryotic (lack a membrane bound nu…
names given to major lineages within each domain
bacteria that cause disease... pathogenic bacteria tend to affec…
a causative link between a specific microbe and a specific di…
Bacteria and Archea
unicellular and are all prokaryotic (lack a membrane bound nu…
Phyla
names given to major lineages within each domain
30 terms
Biology 180 Midterm 3
biological species concept
morphological species concept
phylogenetic species concept
homoplasy
test reproductive isolation by seeing if hybrid mating are en…
if a population evolves independently, then it should have un…
determine if each population have enough unique, shared, deri…
species not closely related... evolve independently ... result from…
biological species concept
test reproductive isolation by seeing if hybrid mating are en…
morphological species concept
if a population evolves independently, then it should have un…
84 terms
Biology 180 Final
Climax Community
Plankton
Keystone Species
Food Web
The stable, final community that develops from ecological suc…
Drifting organisms in aquatic environments
A species that has an exceptionally great impact on the other…
The complex network of interactions among species in an ecosy…
Climax Community
The stable, final community that develops from ecological suc…
Plankton
Drifting organisms in aquatic environments
70 terms
Biology 180 Final
Key Attributes of Community Structure
Are communities predictable?
+/0
-/-
total number of species, relative abundance, sum of interacti…
communities are a product of chance and history
commensalism
competition
Key Attributes of Community Structure
total number of species, relative abundance, sum of interacti…
Are communities predictable?
communities are a product of chance and history
21 terms
Biology pages 170-180
Mutations
Cause of mutations
mutagens
Point mutation
Changes in DNA
spontaneous, occurs during dna replication or recombination
due to radiation, uv light, chemicals
changes in one nucleotide pair (substitution)
Mutations
Changes in DNA
Cause of mutations
spontaneous, occurs during dna replication or recombination
10 terms
Biology 171-180
-phage
-phase
-phore
-phyll
eater
stage
bearing or carrying
leaf
-phage
eater
-phase
stage
18 terms
Biology 180 2nd Test
Mutation
Hardy Weinberg
Natural Selection
Directional selection
-change in DNA that creates new alleles... -random with respect…
-no mutation, NS, Flow, or Drift. Random mating... -Is the null…
-alleles that have higher fitness will increase in frequency…
-average phenotype changes in one direction... -lower genetic va…
Mutation
-change in DNA that creates new alleles... -random with respect…
Hardy Weinberg
-no mutation, NS, Flow, or Drift. Random mating... -Is the null…
46 terms
Biology 180: Exam #3
Processes that Affect Population Size…
r = ?
N = ?
r(max) = ?
birth, immigration, emigration, death
birth rate - death rate
number of individuals in a population
intrinsic rate of increase (maximum growth rate)
Processes that Affect Population Size…
birth, immigration, emigration, death
r = ?
birth rate - death rate
11 terms
Biology 180; Mendel and the Gene
What does the science of genetics expl…
The blending Concept of Inheritance
Particulate Theory of Inheritance
Cross pollination by hand
the stability of inheritance
that plant and animal breeders believed that traits were inhe…
aka particles theory; inheritance involves shuffling the same…
Transferring pollen from a plant and putting it into a stigma
What does the science of genetics expl…
the stability of inheritance
The blending Concept of Inheritance
that plant and animal breeders believed that traits were inhe…
80 terms
PCAT Biology Terms (101-180)
kinetochore
metaphase
anaphase
telophase
specialized protein structure that associates with specific s…
centrosomes at opposite sides of cell, chromosomes lined up a…
sister chromatids in each pair separate, spindle fibers begin…
daughter chromosomes reach centrosomes at opposite poles of t…
kinetochore
specialized protein structure that associates with specific s…
metaphase
centrosomes at opposite sides of cell, chromosomes lined up a…
81 terms
Biology 180 Exam Four (Final)
coevolutionary arms race
consumption
consumption: herbivory
consumption: parasitism
occurs when predators/prey or herbivores/plants interact over…
+/- interaction that occurs when one organism eats another
when herbivores consume plant tissues
when a parasite consumes small amounts of tissue/nutrients fr…
coevolutionary arms race
occurs when predators/prey or herbivores/plants interact over…
consumption
+/- interaction that occurs when one organism eats another
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