Study sets matching "biology 2 evolution"

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Study sets matching "biology 2 evolution"

Biology (Evolution #2)
genotype
Hardy-Weinberg equation
geologic time scale
geology
a set of alleles that determine the expression of a particula…
used to calculate the genetic variation of a population at eq…
a system of chronological measurement that relates stratigrap…
science in which dynamics and physical history of the earth,…
genotype
a set of alleles that determine the expression of a particula…
Hardy-Weinberg equation
used to calculate the genetic variation of a population at eq…
29 terms
Biology 4.2 - Evolution
Allele frequency
Allopatric Speciation
Analagous Structures
Artificial Selection
The number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool, compared…
The formation of new species in populations that are geograph…
Two structures are said to be analogous if they perform the s…
Selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals to prod…
Allele frequency
The number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool, compared…
Allopatric Speciation
The formation of new species in populations that are geograph…
Biology: Evolution Part 2
Evidence for evolution (5)
Diversity exploded during what period?
Homologous
Analogous
- the fossil record... - comparative morphology and anatomy... - em…
Cambrian period
A trait in 2 or more species from a common ancestor
Traits that have the same function, but are not from a common…
Evidence for evolution (5)
- the fossil record... - comparative morphology and anatomy... - em…
Diversity exploded during what period?
Cambrian period
25 terms
Biology evolution Q2
evolution
Charles Darwin
H.M.S. Beagle
Theory of Evolution
process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient…
contributed more to our understanding of evolution than anyon…
crew that Darwin joined as a naturalist to travel the world
Darwin's work became accepted as _________________________
evolution
process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient…
Charles Darwin
contributed more to our understanding of evolution than anyon…
9 terms
Biology 2 Evolution
Why does evolution occur?
Natural Selection
Comparative Anatomy
Comparative Embryology
The environment is constantly changing
When organisms better adapted to the environment, tend to sur…
The study
- Structure of dinosaurs ... - Structure of whales
Why does evolution occur?
The environment is constantly changing
Natural Selection
When organisms better adapted to the environment, tend to sur…
20 terms
Biology-Unit 2 (evolution)
neutral mutation
beneficial mutation
harmful mutation
artificial selection
does not result in any selective advantage or disadvantage
increases reproductive success, favoured by natural selection…
reduces reproductive success, selected against, do not accumu…
directed breeding in which individuals that exhibit a particu…
neutral mutation
does not result in any selective advantage or disadvantage
beneficial mutation
increases reproductive success, favoured by natural selection…
32 terms
CHS Biology Unit 2 Sem 2: Evolution
Evolution
Fitness
Adaptation
Common Descent
change in the heritable traits within a population over gener…
describes how successful an organism is at passing its genes…
A heritable trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Principle that all living things are descended from common an…
Evolution
change in the heritable traits within a population over gener…
Fitness
describes how successful an organism is at passing its genes…
16 terms
Evolution: Biology 2
Fossil
Derived Trait
Ancestral Trait
Homologous Structures
Preserved evidence of an organism, often found in sedimentary…
New feature that had not appeared in common ancestors.
More-primitive characteristic that appeared in common ancesto…
Anatomically similar structure inherited from a common ancest…
Fossil
Preserved evidence of an organism, often found in sedimentary…
Derived Trait
New feature that had not appeared in common ancestors.
5 terms
Biology Tri 2 -- Evolution
Theory of Evolution
Convergent evolution
Divergent evolution
adaptive radiation
states that organisms change and develop over time to adapt a…
The process by which unrelated species become more similar as…
when two or more species sharing a common ancestor become mor…
An evolutionary pattern in which many species evolve from a s…
Theory of Evolution
states that organisms change and develop over time to adapt a…
Convergent evolution
The process by which unrelated species become more similar as…
24 terms
BRVGS AP Biology - Unit 2 - Evolution
evolution
natural selection
mutation
artificial selection
The process by which modern organisms have descended from anc…
Process by which individuals that are better suited to their…
A change in a gene or chromosome.
When humans, not nature, determine the traits that are most b…
evolution
The process by which modern organisms have descended from anc…
natural selection
Process by which individuals that are better suited to their…
17 terms
2.Biology, Genetics & Evolution
Analogies
Homologies
Law Of Segregation
Law Of Independent Assortment
Structures possessed by two different organisms that are simi…
Structures possessed by two different organisms, but have dif…
Genes for a particular trait retain their separate identities…
Genes controlling different traits are inherited independentl…
Analogies
Structures possessed by two different organisms that are simi…
Homologies
Structures possessed by two different organisms, but have dif…
30 terms
Biology: Ch 2 Evolution
Paleontologist
Evolutionary biologist
Developmental biologist
Physical anthropologist
Studies biological change through fossils and the earth's his…
Studies biological change through origins an relatedness of l…
Studies how the processes of growth and development have chan…
Studies biological evolution of humans
Paleontologist
Studies biological change through fossils and the earth's his…
Evolutionary biologist
Studies biological change through origins an relatedness of l…
17 terms
Biology evolution 2
Evolution
Mutation
Variation
DNA
The theory that species change over time
A change in DNA
A difference in traits
A double helix shaped nucleus acid that gives instructions
Evolution
The theory that species change over time
Mutation
A change in DNA
67 terms
Biology Semester 2 Evolution
evolution
fossil
artificial selection
adaptation
change over time; the process by which modern organisms have…
preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms
selective breeding of plants and animals to promote the occur…
heritable characteristic that increases an organism's ability…
evolution
change over time; the process by which modern organisms have…
fossil
preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms
Ch. 2 Biology and Evolution
Gregor Mendel
Charles Darwin
Carolus Linnaeus
Law of Independent Assortment
Father of genentics who discovered the basic principles of he…
Known for his work as a naturalist & came up with "natural se…
Father of Taxonomy whose ideas on classification have influen…
The Mendelian principle that genes controlling different trai…
Gregor Mendel
Father of genentics who discovered the basic principles of he…
Charles Darwin
Known for his work as a naturalist & came up with "natural se…
Biology evolution 2
Organic evolution
Fossil record
Over reproduction
Lamarck's theory of evolution
Organisms change over a period of time
Evidence that changes have occurred in species
Organisms produce more offspring than can possibly survive
acquired traits are passed to the offspring
Organic evolution
Organisms change over a period of time
Fossil record
Evidence that changes have occurred in species
biology - evolution 2
speciation
species
disruptive selection
adaptive radiation
formation of a new species
a group of organisms that can mate and produce fertile offspr…
divergent evolution that can result in 2 new species
one species adapts to different conditions, becomes 2 species
speciation
formation of a new species
species
a group of organisms that can mate and produce fertile offspr…
15 terms
Biology - Evolution Vocab 2
Gene Pool
Relative Frequency
Single Gene Traits
Polygenic Traits
Combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
Number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool compared with…
Trait controlled by a single gene
Trait controlled by two or more genes
Gene Pool
Combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
Relative Frequency
Number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool compared with…
19 terms
Evolution Biology Week 2
one event
another event
event
event
random killing
forest fire
plant life dies off
ice age
one event
random killing
another event
forest fire
18 terms
Biology Evolution Vocabulary 2
population
gene pool
allele frequency
single-gene trait
populations are groups of individuals belonging to the same s…
The total number of genes of every individual in an interbree…
Allele frequency is a measure of the relative frequency of an…
a phenotypic trait controlled by two homologous alleles.
population
populations are groups of individuals belonging to the same s…
gene pool
The total number of genes of every individual in an interbree…
Biology Vocab 2: Evolution
Gene Pool
Relative Frequency
Single Gene Traits
Polygenic Traits
Combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool compared with…
a trait controlled by only one gene
traits controlled by two or more genes
Gene Pool
Combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
Relative Frequency
number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool compared with…
Biology Evolution Vocab #2
Gene Flow
Genetic drift
Biochemical evidence
Embryological evidence
The movement of alleles from one population to another.
Changes in allele frequency; these changes can cause a loss o…
This shows that all living things share the same components o…
Observing the fetus formation and early growth of various liv…
Gene Flow
The movement of alleles from one population to another.
Genetic drift
Changes in allele frequency; these changes can cause a loss o…
Biology Evolution 2
Sedimentary rock
USA and China
Impressions
Imprints
Fossils are mainly found in
Most of the major fossils found in
The imprints of once living organisms in sedimentary rock
Made by ancient organisms in mud or sediments which hardened
Sedimentary rock
Fossils are mainly found in
USA and China
Most of the major fossils found in
10 terms
Biology Evolution 2
Speciation
Mimicry
Taxonomy
Binomial Nomenclature
The formation of a new species
One species favors another because of natural selection
Science of naming life
Two part scientific name
Speciation
The formation of a new species
Mimicry
One species favors another because of natural selection
33 terms
Biology Evolution part 2
1. Speciation is when a group of organ…
2.What is needed from a gene pool to f…
3. What is a group that can but rarely…
5.What are the 3 main mechanisms of is…
look; interbreed; fertile
Isolation
Subspecies
-Geographic... -Behavioral... -Temporal
1. Speciation is when a group of organ…
look; interbreed; fertile
2.What is needed from a gene pool to f…
Isolation
Biology-Evolution 2
Reproductive Barriers
Prezygotic
Postzygotic
Allopatric Speciation
Serve to isolate a species gene pool and prevent interbreeding
Before the egg and sperm join
After the Zygote is created
Population of the same species are geographically seperated
Reproductive Barriers
Serve to isolate a species gene pool and prevent interbreeding
Prezygotic
Before the egg and sperm join
46 terms
Biology: Evolution Terms (Unit 2)
Natural Theology
Natural Theology
Taxonomy (Linnaeus)
Gradualism (Hutton)
understadning the order of the natural world
idea that understanding order in the natural world explains a…
nested classification system based on observed characteristic…
slow processes can lead to big changes over time
Natural Theology
understadning the order of the natural world
Natural Theology
idea that understanding order in the natural world explains a…
13 terms
Biology Honors Evolution 11.2
normal distribution of traits
shape of a normal distribution curve
Phenotypes with an equal chance of sur…
when an environmental change favors a…
when the frequency is highest near he mean value and decrease…
bell-shaped
phenotypes near the middle range tend to be most common
these individuals survive and reproduce at higher rates, chan…
normal distribution of traits
when the frequency is highest near he mean value and decrease…
shape of a normal distribution curve
bell-shaped
42 terms
Biology Evolution
Evolution definition
Theory definition
Species definition
Population definition
Gradual change over time in a group of organisms... (Modern orga…
A well supported explanation of phenomena that occur in the n…
A group of organisms that produce fertile offspring
A group of organisms of the same species in a given area
Evolution definition
Gradual change over time in a group of organisms... (Modern orga…
Theory definition
A well supported explanation of phenomena that occur in the n…
Biology Final 2: Evolution
Evolution
What were Darwin's contributions to th…
Habitat
Niche
all the changes that have transformed life over time
natural selection, traits are heritable, adaptation, survival…
location in an environment where an organism lives
what makes an organism unique
Evolution
all the changes that have transformed life over time
What were Darwin's contributions to th…
natural selection, traits are heritable, adaptation, survival…
37 terms
Evolution AP Biology Vocabulary Part 2
speciation
biological species concept
reproductive isolation
prezygotic barriers
Origin of new species and the source of biological diversity.
Species is a group of populations whose members have the pote…
Barriers that impede members of two different species fro pro…
Barriers that impede mating or hinder fertilization.
speciation
Origin of new species and the source of biological diversity.
biological species concept
Species is a group of populations whose members have the pote…
biology 2 evolution vocab
passive immunity
convergent evolution
genetic equilibrium
cladogram
antibodies are passed from one source to another
organisms that are different evolve similar traits
occurs when the frequency of alleles in a population is stable
a diagram beginning with an outgrip organism, shows relations…
passive immunity
antibodies are passed from one source to another
convergent evolution
organisms that are different evolve similar traits
31 terms
Biology: Evolution Quiz #2 Review
gene pool
allele frequency
genetic equilibrium
hardy weinberg principle
members of a population share a common group of genes
a measure of how common an allele is in a population
if allele frequencies in a population do NOT change the popul…
state the allele frequencies should remain constant unless on…
gene pool
members of a population share a common group of genes
allele frequency
a measure of how common an allele is in a population
Biology - Evolution Intro 2
Phenomena that Contribute to Natural S…
Natural Variation
Artificial Selection
Natural Selection
Mutuations, sexual reprodcution, and bacterial conjugation (b…
Difference among individuals in a species that occur due to i…
Humans select traits they desire for breeding purposes in oth…
Some organisms are more fit for a particular environment than…
Phenomena that Contribute to Natural S…
Mutuations, sexual reprodcution, and bacterial conjugation (b…
Natural Variation
Difference among individuals in a species that occur due to i…
18 terms
biology - evolution pt. 2
gene pool
disruptive selcetion
stabilizing selection
directional selection
combined genetic info of all the members of a particular popu…
form of natural selection in which a single curve splints int…
form of natural selection by which the center of the curve re…
form of natural selection in which the entire curve moves; oc…
gene pool
combined genetic info of all the members of a particular popu…
disruptive selcetion
form of natural selection in which a single curve splints int…
9 terms
Biology Evolution Quiz 2
adaptation
common ancestor
extinction
fitness (biological)
A change in an organism to fit new conditions within an envir…
The shared ancestor of new, different species that arose from…
A term that typically describes a species that no longer has…
Ability of an organism to survive and reproduce in its enviro…
adaptation
A change in an organism to fit new conditions within an envir…
common ancestor
The shared ancestor of new, different species that arose from…
Biology Unit 2: Evolution
Charles Bonnet (1720-1793)
Lamarck (1744-1829)
Darwin (1802-1882)
Charles Lyell
- a lawyer... -Swiss naturalist... -studied the fossils of living t…
- proposed the "use and disuse principle": organisms will try…
- studies medicine but ends up getting a degree in Theology... -…
Published many books on geology, stated that the Earth s olde…
Charles Bonnet (1720-1793)
- a lawyer... -Swiss naturalist... -studied the fossils of living t…
Lamarck (1744-1829)
- proposed the "use and disuse principle": organisms will try…
Section #2 (Evolution) Biology Final
Earth
Oxygen
Species
Natural Selection
4.6 billion years old
The chemical that was not present when Earth was first discov…
A group of organisms capable of exchanging genes or interbree…
Only organisms can adapt and live in certain habitats
Earth
4.6 billion years old
Oxygen
The chemical that was not present when Earth was first discov…
18 terms
BIOLOGY evolution pt.2
Which of the following characteristics…
The miller urey experiment demonstrated?
The evolution of sexual reproduction r…
what group of animals include modern h…
very common, easy to identify, existed for brief time, widesp…
Energy from lightning might of helped create first organic mo…
increased genetic variation
primates
Which of the following characteristics…
very common, easy to identify, existed for brief time, widesp…
The miller urey experiment demonstrated?
Energy from lightning might of helped create first organic mo…
Biology 3.2 Evolution
Life on Earth began
Life on Earth
Variation
Mutated genes
3,500 million years ago
Including species that are now extinct have evolved from very…
Differences between the same species, some of this variation…
Genetic variation is the result of changes that occur in gene…
Life on Earth began
3,500 million years ago
Life on Earth
Including species that are now extinct have evolved from very…
8 terms
Biology evolution part 2
Homologous structure
Analogous structure
Coevolution
Artificial selection
Organ or bone that apear different but have the same function
Body part that is similar is structure and function but have…
Influence of closely associated species on eachother in their…
Intentional breeding of plants or animals
Homologous structure
Organ or bone that apear different but have the same function
Analogous structure
Body part that is similar is structure and function but have…
11 terms
Biology Evolution Part 2
The table below shows adaptation in tw…
The diversity within the wild bird spe…
Organisms with favorable variations re…
A hydra ingests a Daphnia, digests it,…
natural selection
natural selection
survival of the fittest
nutrition
The table below shows adaptation in tw…
natural selection
The diversity within the wild bird spe…
natural selection
27 terms
Biology Evolution Part 2
Allele Frequency
Allopatric Speciation
Behavioral Isolation
Bell Curve
a measurement that determines how frequent the allele express…
is speciation that occurs when biological populations of the…
is a reproductive barrier based on behavior, usually in the f…
on a graph of the frequency of some variable, a curve that fi…
Allele Frequency
a measurement that determines how frequent the allele express…
Allopatric Speciation
is speciation that occurs when biological populations of the…
Biology evolution part 2
gene pool
macroevolution
microevolution
Convergent evolution
the stock of different genes in an interbreeding population.
A major evolutionary change mainly in a taxonomic group over…
Evolutionary change within a species or small group of organi…
process by which unrelated or distantly related organisms evo…
gene pool
the stock of different genes in an interbreeding population.
macroevolution
A major evolutionary change mainly in a taxonomic group over…
Biology Unit 2 Evolution
Variation
Speciation
Malthus
LaMarc
to fill ecological niches in certain environment
process in which a new species emerges
scientist who discovered population curves growth vs. resourc…
evolution towards perfection, use and disuse
Variation
to fill ecological niches in certain environment
Speciation
process in which a new species emerges
75 terms
Biology Unit 2: Evolution
All life forms share the same ______ _…
There is ________ and ________ in all…
Theory
Unity of life
four nucleotides
unity and diversity
tested over and over with data
shared characteristics due to common ancestry
All life forms share the same ______ _…
four nucleotides
There is ________ and ________ in all…
unity and diversity
17 terms
Biology- Evolution (Part 2)
Microevolution
Natural Selection
Genetic Drift
Bottleneck Effect
Generation-to-generation change in the allele frequencies in…
Individuals with inherited traits better suited to their envi…
Chance events can cause allele frequencies to fluctuate unpre…
A large reduction in the size of a population as a result of…
Microevolution
Generation-to-generation change in the allele frequencies in…
Natural Selection
Individuals with inherited traits better suited to their envi…
20 terms
Biology Evolution pt2
Convergent evolution
Speciation
Divergent evolution
Adaptive radiation
2 or more species that evolved independently due to selective…
New species arise from preexisting ones (takes millions of ye…
2 or more closely related species populations become increasi…
A single population splits into several groups each of which…
Convergent evolution
2 or more species that evolved independently due to selective…
Speciation
New species arise from preexisting ones (takes millions of ye…
50 terms
Vanderhook Biology Evolution part 2
1. Speciation is when a group of organ…
2.What is needed from a gene pool to f…
3. What is a group that can but rarely…
4. What are the 3 things that are need…
look; interbreed; fertile
Isolation
Subspecies
-produce fertile offspring... -Offspring develop completely... -Off…
1. Speciation is when a group of organ…
look; interbreed; fertile
2.What is needed from a gene pool to f…
Isolation
Biology B - Unit 2: Evolution
Adaptation
Evolution
Gene Pool
Genetic Recombination
Structural, behavior, and physiological traits that make an o…
the change in allele frequencies in a population over time. C…
all the genes for all the traits in all the members of a popu…
The movement of genes from one homologous chromosome to anoth…
Adaptation
Structural, behavior, and physiological traits that make an o…
Evolution
the change in allele frequencies in a population over time. C…
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