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Study sets matching "biology 2 evolution"

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Study sets matching "biology 2 evolution"

9 terms
Science 2: Evolution (Biology)
Natural Selection
Sexual Selection
Artificial Selection
Fitness
The process where an environmental factor acts on a populatio…
A form of natural selection where individuals with some chara…
A process where people choose to breed certain organisms with…
An organism's ability to survive and reproduce
Natural Selection
The process where an environmental factor acts on a populatio…
Sexual Selection
A form of natural selection where individuals with some chara…
Biology B - Unit 2: Evolution
Adaptation
Evolution
Gene Pool
Genetic Recombination
Structural, behavior, and physiological traits that make an o…
the change in allele frequencies in a population over time. C…
all the genes for all the traits in all the members of a popu…
The movement of genes from one homologous chromosome to anoth…
Adaptation
Structural, behavior, and physiological traits that make an o…
Evolution
the change in allele frequencies in a population over time. C…
Evolution Vocab 2 (Biology)
Co-Evolution
Convergence
Divergence/Adaptive Radiation
Fitness
Process in which two organisms evolve traits or behaviors in…
Process in which unrelated organisms evolve similar features…
Process in which one species gives rise to many, organisms ev…
Combination of physical traits and behaviors that help organi…
Co-Evolution
Process in which two organisms evolve traits or behaviors in…
Convergence
Process in which unrelated organisms evolve similar features…
Biology evolution 2 test
What is the shell game of evolution?
What "changes" and what does not chang…
What was one average increase in beak…
What happens when the rains return?
That because we observe micro-evolution, speciation, and micr…
The population distribution of large-beak finches goes up. Th…
5%
The original pre-drought distribution of beak sizes returns
What is the shell game of evolution?
That because we observe micro-evolution, speciation, and micr…
What "changes" and what does not chang…
The population distribution of large-beak finches goes up. Th…
21 terms
Unit 2 Biology-Evolution
13.9 BYA
4.6 BYA
3.9 BYA
3.8 BYA
The big bang
Rocks, dust, and heat
Water vapor and volcanic compounds
Bacteria (1st life)
13.9 BYA
The big bang
4.6 BYA
Rocks, dust, and heat
30 terms
Biology evolution #2
Divergent evolution
Convergent evolution
Mutation
Evolution
1 species diverges into many species
2 or more species become more similar due to a similar enviro…
Change in DNA code
Change in a population over time
Divergent evolution
1 species diverges into many species
Convergent evolution
2 or more species become more similar due to a similar enviro…
19 terms
Biology Semester 2 Evolution
Evolution
Adaption
Descent with modification
Natural selection
Generation-to-generation change in the proportion of differen…
Inherited characteristic that improves an organism's ability…
Process by which descents of ancestral organisms spread into…
Process by which individuals with inherited characteristics w…
Evolution
Generation-to-generation change in the proportion of differen…
Adaption
Inherited characteristic that improves an organism's ability…
29 terms
Biology 4.2 - Evolution
Allele frequency
Allopatric Speciation
Analagous Structures
Artificial Selection
The number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool, compared…
The formation of new species in populations that are geograph…
Two structures are said to be analogous if they perform the s…
Selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals to prod…
Allele frequency
The number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool, compared…
Allopatric Speciation
The formation of new species in populations that are geograph…
67 terms
Biology Semester 2 Evolution
evolution
fossil
artificial selection
adaptation
change over time; the process by which modern organisms have…
preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms
selective breeding of plants and animals to promote the occur…
heritable characteristic that increases an organism's ability…
evolution
change over time; the process by which modern organisms have…
fossil
preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms
11 terms
Biology CAT 2 Evolution
Class
Order
Family
Species
Taxonomic rank
Grouping of related families
Grouping of similar genre
Organisms that can produce offspring
Class
Taxonomic rank
Order
Grouping of related families
20 terms
Biology (Evolution #2)
genotype
Hardy-Weinberg equation
geologic time scale
geology
a set of alleles that determine the expression of a particula…
used to calculate the genetic variation of a population at eq…
a system of chronological measurement that relates stratigrap…
science in which dynamics and physical history of the earth,…
genotype
a set of alleles that determine the expression of a particula…
Hardy-Weinberg equation
used to calculate the genetic variation of a population at eq…
13 terms
Biology: Evolution Part 2
Evidence for evolution (5)
Diversity exploded during what period?
Homologous
Analogous
- the fossil record... - comparative morphology and anatomy... - em…
Cambrian period
A trait in 2 or more species from a common ancestor
Traits that have the same function, but are not from a common…
Evidence for evolution (5)
- the fossil record... - comparative morphology and anatomy... - em…
Diversity exploded during what period?
Cambrian period
13 terms
Biology Honors Evolution 11.2
normal distribution of traits
shape of a normal distribution curve
Phenotypes with an equal chance of sur…
when an environmental change favors a…
when the frequency is highest near he mean value and decrease…
bell-shaped
phenotypes near the middle range tend to be most common
these individuals survive and reproduce at higher rates, chan…
normal distribution of traits
when the frequency is highest near he mean value and decrease…
shape of a normal distribution curve
bell-shaped
46 terms
Biology: Evolution Terms (Unit 2)
Natural Theology
Natural Theology
Taxonomy (Linnaeus)
Gradualism (Hutton)
understadning the order of the natural world
idea that understanding order in the natural world explains a…
nested classification system based on observed characteristic…
slow processes can lead to big changes over time
Natural Theology
understadning the order of the natural world
Natural Theology
idea that understanding order in the natural world explains a…
16 terms
Evolution: Biology 2
Fossil
Derived Trait
Ancestral Trait
Homologous Structures
Preserved evidence of an organism, often found in sedimentary…
New feature that had not appeared in common ancestors.
More-primitive characteristic that appeared in common ancesto…
Anatomically similar structure inherited from a common ancest…
Fossil
Preserved evidence of an organism, often found in sedimentary…
Derived Trait
New feature that had not appeared in common ancestors.
29 terms
Evolution Raven Biology 2
Evolution
Natural Selection
Darwin's Theory of Evolution
Fossils
process of change over time
Darwin's Theory of Evolution
Nature will dictate who survives based on adaptations
usually found in sedimentary rock, leave a record of extinct…
Evolution
process of change over time
Natural Selection
Darwin's Theory of Evolution
20 terms
Biology-Unit 2 (evolution)
neutral mutation
beneficial mutation
harmful mutation
artificial selection
does not result in any selective advantage or disadvantage
increases reproductive success, favoured by natural selection…
reduces reproductive success, selected against, do not accumu…
directed breeding in which individuals that exhibit a particu…
neutral mutation
does not result in any selective advantage or disadvantage
beneficial mutation
increases reproductive success, favoured by natural selection…
31 terms
Biology: Evolution Quiz #2 Review
gene pool
allele frequency
genetic equilibrium
hardy weinberg principle
members of a population share a common group of genes
a measure of how common an allele is in a population
if allele frequencies in a population do NOT change the popul…
state the allele frequencies should remain constant unless on…
gene pool
members of a population share a common group of genes
allele frequency
a measure of how common an allele is in a population
23 terms
Biology evolution 2
Organic evolution
Fossil record
Over reproduction
Lamarck's theory of evolution
Organisms change over a period of time
Evidence that changes have occurred in species
Organisms produce more offspring than can possibly survive
acquired traits are passed to the offspring
Organic evolution
Organisms change over a period of time
Fossil record
Evidence that changes have occurred in species
22 terms
biology - evolution 2
speciation
species
disruptive selection
adaptive radiation
formation of a new species
a group of organisms that can mate and produce fertile offspr…
divergent evolution that can result in 2 new species
one species adapts to different conditions, becomes 2 species
speciation
formation of a new species
species
a group of organisms that can mate and produce fertile offspr…
19 terms
Evolution Biology Week 2
one event
another event
event
event
random killing
forest fire
plant life dies off
ice age
one event
random killing
another event
forest fire
59 terms
Biology Evolution 2
Sedimentary rock
USA and China
Impressions
Imprints
Fossils are mainly found in
Most of the major fossils found in
The imprints of once living organisms in sedimentary rock
Made by ancient organisms in mud or sediments which hardened
Sedimentary rock
Fossils are mainly found in
USA and China
Most of the major fossils found in
17 terms
2.Biology, Genetics & Evolution
Analogies
Homologies
Law Of Segregation
Law Of Independent Assortment
Structures possessed by two different organisms that are simi…
Structures possessed by two different organisms, but have dif…
Genes for a particular trait retain their separate identities…
Genes controlling different traits are inherited independentl…
Analogies
Structures possessed by two different organisms that are simi…
Homologies
Structures possessed by two different organisms, but have dif…
67 terms
Biology Semester 2 Evolution
evolution
fossil
artificial selection
adaptation
change over time; the process by which modern organisms have…
preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms
selective breeding of plants and animals to promote the occur…
heritable characteristic that increases an organism's ability…
evolution
change over time; the process by which modern organisms have…
fossil
preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms
30 terms
Biology: Ch 2 Evolution
Paleontologist
Evolutionary biologist
Developmental biologist
Physical anthropologist
Studies biological change through fossils and the earth's his…
Studies biological change through origins an relatedness of l…
Studies how the processes of growth and development have chan…
Studies biological evolution of humans
Paleontologist
Studies biological change through fossils and the earth's his…
Evolutionary biologist
Studies biological change through origins an relatedness of l…
44 terms
AP Biology Evolution Vocabulary version 2
Homology
Homologous Structures
Vestigial Structures
Evolutionary Tree
similarity in characteristics resulting from a shared ancestry.
structures in different species that are similar because of c…
remnant of a structure that may have had an important functio…
A branching diagram that reflects a hypothesis about evolutio…
Homology
similarity in characteristics resulting from a shared ancestry.
Homologous Structures
structures in different species that are similar because of c…
18 terms
Biology Evolution Vocabulary 2
population
gene pool
allele frequency
single-gene trait
populations are groups of individuals belonging to the same s…
The total number of genes of every individual in an interbree…
Allele frequency is a measure of the relative frequency of an…
a phenotypic trait controlled by two homologous alleles.
population
populations are groups of individuals belonging to the same s…
gene pool
The total number of genes of every individual in an interbree…
32 terms
CHS Biology Unit 2 Sem 2: Evolution
Evolution
Fitness
Adaptation
Common Descent
change in the heritable traits within a population over gener…
describes how successful an organism is at passing its genes…
A heritable trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Principle that all living things are descended from common an…
Evolution
change in the heritable traits within a population over gener…
Fitness
describes how successful an organism is at passing its genes…
17 terms
Biology evolution 2
Evolution
Mutation
Variation
DNA
The theory that species change over time
A change in DNA
A difference in traits
A double helix shaped nucleus acid that gives instructions
Evolution
The theory that species change over time
Mutation
A change in DNA
9 terms
Ch. 2 Biology and Evolution
Gregor Mendel
Charles Darwin
Carolus Linnaeus
Law of Independent Assortment
Father of genentics who discovered the basic principles of he…
Known for his work as a naturalist & came up with "natural se…
Father of Taxonomy whose ideas on classification have influen…
The Mendelian principle that genes controlling different trai…
Gregor Mendel
Father of genentics who discovered the basic principles of he…
Charles Darwin
Known for his work as a naturalist & came up with "natural se…
15 terms
Biology - Evolution Vocab 2
Gene Pool
Relative Frequency
Single Gene Traits
Polygenic Traits
Combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
Number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool compared with…
Trait controlled by a single gene
Trait controlled by two or more genes
Gene Pool
Combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
Relative Frequency
Number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool compared with…
15 terms
Biology Vocab 2: Evolution
Gene Pool
Relative Frequency
Single Gene Traits
Polygenic Traits
Combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool compared with…
a trait controlled by only one gene
traits controlled by two or more genes
Gene Pool
Combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
Relative Frequency
number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool compared with…
9 terms
Biology Evolution Vocab #2
Gene Flow
Genetic drift
Biochemical evidence
Embryological evidence
The movement of alleles from one population to another.
Changes in allele frequency; these changes can cause a loss o…
This shows that all living things share the same components o…
Observing the fetus formation and early growth of various liv…
Gene Flow
The movement of alleles from one population to another.
Genetic drift
Changes in allele frequency; these changes can cause a loss o…
19 terms
Biology-Evolution 2
Reproductive Barriers
Prezygotic
Postzygotic
Allopatric Speciation
Serve to isolate a species gene pool and prevent interbreeding
Before the egg and sperm join
After the Zygote is created
Population of the same species are geographically seperated
Reproductive Barriers
Serve to isolate a species gene pool and prevent interbreeding
Prezygotic
Before the egg and sperm join
57 terms
Biology Final 2: Evolution
Evolution
What were Darwin's contributions to th…
Habitat
Niche
all the changes that have transformed life over time
natural selection, traits are heritable, adaptation, survival…
location in an environment where an organism lives
what makes an organism unique
Evolution
all the changes that have transformed life over time
What were Darwin's contributions to th…
natural selection, traits are heritable, adaptation, survival…
33 terms
Biology Evolution part 2
1. Speciation is when a group of organ…
2.What is needed from a gene pool to f…
3. What is a group that can but rarely…
5.What are the 3 main mechanisms of is…
look; interbreed; fertile
Isolation
Subspecies
-Geographic... -Behavioral... -Temporal
1. Speciation is when a group of organ…
look; interbreed; fertile
2.What is needed from a gene pool to f…
Isolation
56 terms
WJEC Biology BY2 - Biodiversity and Evolution
Classification
Taxonomy
Animalia
Plantae
The organisation of living organisms into groups according to…
The study of principles behind classification.
One of the five kingdoms, eukaryotic and multicellular, with…
One of the five kingdoms, eukaryotic, multicellular, with mem…
Classification
The organisation of living organisms into groups according to…
Taxonomy
The study of principles behind classification.
18 terms
biology - evolution pt. 2
gene pool
disruptive selcetion
stabilizing selection
directional selection
combined genetic info of all the members of a particular popu…
form of natural selection in which a single curve splints int…
form of natural selection by which the center of the curve re…
form of natural selection in which the entire curve moves; oc…
gene pool
combined genetic info of all the members of a particular popu…
disruptive selcetion
form of natural selection in which a single curve splints int…
31 terms
IL Biology - Evolution (week12) #2
Speciation
Parasitoid
Natural Selection on the Polygenic Tra…
Stablizing Selection
Formation of new species
Insects lay their eggs in hosts (often paralyzed), young hatc…
Natural selection can affect the distribution of phenotypes i…
Favors average individuals in a population.... Intermediate char…
Speciation
Formation of new species
Parasitoid
Insects lay their eggs in hosts (often paralyzed), young hatc…
18 terms
BIOLOGY evolution pt.2
Which of the following characteristics…
The miller urey experiment demonstrated?
The evolution of sexual reproduction r…
what group of animals include modern h…
very common, easy to identify, existed for brief time, widesp…
Energy from lightning might of helped create first organic mo…
increased genetic variation
primates
Which of the following characteristics…
very common, easy to identify, existed for brief time, widesp…
The miller urey experiment demonstrated?
Energy from lightning might of helped create first organic mo…
8 terms
Evolution - Biology Semester 2
All organisms have to do is
Strive for perfection or don't?
darwin- mechanism
natural selection is
survive and reproduce
don't
evolution works by natural selection
nature
All organisms have to do is
survive and reproduce
Strive for perfection or don't?
don't
17 terms
Biology-Evolution:Unit 2
Science
Scientific Process
Scientific Theory
Scientific Fact
an explanation of how the world works
series of steps that are used to answer questions about the w…
an explanation tested and confirmed through observation and e…
observations about the world around us ... ex: that leaf if green
Science
an explanation of how the world works
Scientific Process
series of steps that are used to answer questions about the w…
24 terms
Biology Unit 2: Evolution
natural selection
artificial selection
genetic drift
gene flow
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
A change in the gene pool of a population due to chance
exchange of genes between populations
natural selection
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
artificial selection
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
8 terms
Biology evolution part 2
Homologous structure
Analogous structure
Coevolution
Artificial selection
Organ or bone that apear different but have the same function
Body part that is similar is structure and function but have…
Influence of closely associated species on eachother in their…
Intentional breeding of plants or animals
Homologous structure
Organ or bone that apear different but have the same function
Analogous structure
Body part that is similar is structure and function but have…
27 terms
Biology Evolution Part 2
Allele Frequency
Allopatric Speciation
Behavioral Isolation
Bell Curve
a measurement that determines how frequent the allele express…
is speciation that occurs when biological populations of the…
is a reproductive barrier based on behavior, usually in the f…
on a graph of the frequency of some variable, a curve that fi…
Allele Frequency
a measurement that determines how frequent the allele express…
Allopatric Speciation
is speciation that occurs when biological populations of the…
26 terms
Biology evolution part 2
gene pool
macroevolution
microevolution
Convergent evolution
the stock of different genes in an interbreeding population.
A major evolutionary change mainly in a taxonomic group over…
Evolutionary change within a species or small group of organi…
process by which unrelated or distantly related organisms evo…
gene pool
the stock of different genes in an interbreeding population.
macroevolution
A major evolutionary change mainly in a taxonomic group over…
50 terms
Vanderhook Biology Evolution part 2
1. Speciation is when a group of organ…
2.What is needed from a gene pool to f…
3. What is a group that can but rarely…
4. What are the 3 things that are need…
look; interbreed; fertile
Isolation
Subspecies
-produce fertile offspring... -Offspring develop completely... -Off…
1. Speciation is when a group of organ…
look; interbreed; fertile
2.What is needed from a gene pool to f…
Isolation
41 terms
Chapter 2; Biology & Evolution
Primates
Mammals
Species
Genus
The group of mammals that includes lemurs, lorises, tarsiers,…
The class of vertebrate animcals distinguished by bodies cove…
The smallest working units in biolocial classificatory system…
In the system of plant and animal classification, a group of…
Primates
The group of mammals that includes lemurs, lorises, tarsiers,…
Mammals
The class of vertebrate animcals distinguished by bodies cove…
24 terms
Biology Unit 2 Evolution
Variation
Speciation
Malthus
LaMarc
to fill ecological niches in certain environment
process in which a new species emerges
scientist who discovered population curves growth vs. resourc…
evolution towards perfection, use and disuse
Variation
to fill ecological niches in certain environment
Speciation
process in which a new species emerges
75 terms
Biology Unit 2: Evolution
All life forms share the same ______ _…
There is ________ and ________ in all…
Theory
Unity of life
four nucleotides
unity and diversity
tested over and over with data
shared characteristics due to common ancestry
All life forms share the same ______ _…
four nucleotides
There is ________ and ________ in all…
unity and diversity
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