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Study sets matching "biology 2"

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Study sets matching "biology 2"

30 terms
Biology 2
Gene
allele
traits
homologous chromosomes
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
Characteristics that are inherited
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
allele
An alternative form of a gene.
9 terms
Biology 2-2
Replicate
Antiparallel
Complementary
Helicase
Copy / duplicate
Opposite directions and side-by-side
Matching / complete
Enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix
Replicate
Copy / duplicate
Antiparallel
Opposite directions and side-by-side
30 terms
Biology 2
Gene
allele
traits
homologous chromosomes
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
Characteristics that are inherited
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
allele
An alternative form of a gene.
Biology 2.1 & 2.2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
148 terms
BIOLOGY 2
What is the atomic number of an atom t…
How can you find the Atomic number of…
Fluorine's atomic number is 9 and its…
What do you call atoms with the same a…
Carbon. Atomic #-6... Atomic number is the number of protons in…
Atomic # equals # of protons in an atom.
...
Isotopes.
What is the atomic number of an atom t…
Carbon. Atomic #-6... Atomic number is the number of protons in…
How can you find the Atomic number of…
Atomic # equals # of protons in an atom.
30 terms
Biology 2
Gene
allele
traits
homologous chromosomes
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
Characteristics that are inherited
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
allele
An alternative form of a gene.
83 terms
Biology Ch. 2
system in plants
root system
shoot system
organs (roots, stem, & leaves)
a group of structures designed to function together as a unit…
the part of the plant that is ordinarily underground, anchori…
the part of the plant that is usually found above ground, hol…
a structure within a system that has a definite form and perf…
system in plants
a group of structures designed to function together as a unit…
root system
the part of the plant that is ordinarily underground, anchori…
22 terms
Biology Unit 2 - Cell Biology
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
The basic unit of all forms of life
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
A strong layer around the outside of plant cells made of cell…
An organelle that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA)
Cell
The basic unit of all forms of life
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
16 terms
Biology Section 7-2
Organelles
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Envelope
Chromatin
structures in a cell that act as if they are specialized orga…
portion of the cell that is outside of the nucleus
surrounds the nucleus and is composed of two membranes; its p…
granular material consisting of DNA bound to protein and spre…
Organelles
structures in a cell that act as if they are specialized orga…
Cytoplasm
portion of the cell that is outside of the nucleus
Biology Keystone Vocabulary #2
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Endosymbiosis
Eukaryote
Golgi Apparatus
In BOTH types of cells. Carries substances, like proteins, to…
Occurs when one organism is consumed by another organism and…
A type of organism composed of one or more cells containing a…
An organelle found in eukaryotic cells responsible for the fi…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
In BOTH types of cells. Carries substances, like proteins, to…
Endosymbiosis
Occurs when one organism is consumed by another organism and…
38 terms
MVHS Biology IB 2
xylem
transpiration
stomata
photosynthesis
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
Loss of water from a leaf of a plant through stomata that cre…
regulated openings on the bottom of leaves that control the e…
process in which UV light energy is converted into the energy…
xylem
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
transpiration
Loss of water from a leaf of a plant through stomata that cre…
18 terms
Biology 2.1 & 2.2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
487 terms
Biology 2
Scientific question
Biology
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Questions that can be answered by using experiments and factu…
The study of living organisms and how they function.
A method of procedure that has characterized natural science…
1st part of the scientific method
Scientific question
Questions that can be answered by using experiments and factu…
Biology
The study of living organisms and how they function.
29 terms
Biology Standard 2: Cells
cell membrane
cell wall
cell theory
organelles
Controls what comes into and out of a cell; found in plant an…
In a PLANT cell. Helps protect and support the cell. Gives a…
States that all organisms are made up of one or more cells, t…
Tiny structures inside a cell that carry out the processes of…
cell membrane
Controls what comes into and out of a cell; found in plant an…
cell wall
In a PLANT cell. Helps protect and support the cell. Gives a…
40 terms
Strand 2: Cell Biology
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
cell membrane
nucleus
This type of cell lacks a nucleus, but still includes a cell…
This type of cell has a nucleus (which stores DNA), as well a…
A protective barrier made up of proteins and lipids (fats) th…
Organelle in eukaryotic cells which contains the cell's DNA.
prokaryotic cell
This type of cell lacks a nucleus, but still includes a cell…
eukaryotic cell
This type of cell has a nucleus (which stores DNA), as well a…
26 terms
biology2
solute
solvent
what is cellular transport
diffusion
what is being disolved
what is doing the dissolving
moving of solutes or water across the semipermeable membrane…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
solute
what is being disolved
solvent
what is doing the dissolving
22 terms
2.1 Molecular Biology
Molecular Biology
Carbon compounds
A covalent bond if formed?
Hydroxyl group
Explains living processes in terms of the chemical substances…
Carbon atoms can form 4 covalent bonds ... *4 Key Carbon compou…
When two adjacent atoms share a pair of electrons, with one e…
-OH
Molecular Biology
Explains living processes in terms of the chemical substances…
Carbon compounds
Carbon atoms can form 4 covalent bonds ... *4 Key Carbon compou…
38 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
10 terms
Biology 2.1
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
the center of an atom
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
a pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Nucleus
the center of an atom
56 terms
Biology 2 - Naming Bones
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
Temporal bone
Occipital bone
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
77 terms
Sem 2 Biology Review
Somatic cell
Gamete
Homologous chromosome
Autosome
Also called "body cells" and make up most of the body tissues…
A haploid reproductive cell, such as an egg or sperm. Gametes…
Chromosomes that are similar in size, shape, and kinds of gen…
A chromosomes that doesn't have a gene that determines sex
Somatic cell
Also called "body cells" and make up most of the body tissues…
Gamete
A haploid reproductive cell, such as an egg or sperm. Gametes…
23 terms
Biology Lesson 1 and 2
Hypothesis
Theory
Enzyme
Homeostasis
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
A tendency to maintain a BALANCED or constant internal state;…
Hypothesis
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Theory
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
12 terms
Biology: U8L2
antibiotic
carotenoid pigments
conjugation
cyanobacteria
A chemical that can destroy bacteria and other microorganisms.
A pigment ranging in color from yellow to red; helpful in cap…
An act of fertilization involving the transfer of cell conten…
Single-celled photosynthetic bacteria.
antibiotic
A chemical that can destroy bacteria and other microorganisms.
carotenoid pigments
A pigment ranging in color from yellow to red; helpful in cap…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Chemical Bond
Chemical Reaction
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
Force that holds molecules together
Process that changes some chemical substances into others
Amino Acid
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Carbohydrate
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
10 terms
Biology chapter 2-2
Life depends on what?
cohesion
hydrogen bond
adhesion
hydrogen bonds in water
the attraction among molecules of a substance
attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen atom and a sl…
the attraction among molecules of different substances
Life depends on what?
hydrogen bonds in water
cohesion
the attraction among molecules of a substance
Biology Chapter 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
21 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Chemical Bond
Chemical Reaction
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
Force that holds molecules together
Process that changes some chemical substances into others
Amino Acid
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Carbohydrate
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
9 terms
1.2 Connections in Biology
energy
function
matter
phytoplankton
The ability to work
A job
Anything that has mass and takes up space
population of algae and other small, photosynthetic organisms…
energy
The ability to work
function
A job
40 terms
Biology - Unit 2
Homeostasis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
ATP
The maintenance of a constant internal environment of an orga…
An organism that creates organic food molecules (energy) usin…
An organism that cannot make its own food and gets food by co…
Main energy source that cells use for their work (adenosine t…
Homeostasis
The maintenance of a constant internal environment of an orga…
Autotroph
An organism that creates organic food molecules (energy) usin…
18 terms
Biology 2: Biochemistry
polar
ion
hydrogen bond
cohesion
describes a molecule in which the positive and negative charg…
a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative)
weak chemical bond formed by the attraction of positively cha…
an attraction between molecules of the same substance
polar
describes a molecule in which the positive and negative charg…
ion
a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative)
10 terms
Biology #2
polypeptide
atherosclerosis
coronary heart disease
diastole
linear polymer consisting of many amino acids linked up by pe…
deposition of plaque (fatty deposits) on inner walls of arter…
heart disease due to abnormality in blood vessels supplying b…
period of relaxation of heart muscles, allowing chambers to f…
polypeptide
linear polymer consisting of many amino acids linked up by pe…
atherosclerosis
deposition of plaque (fatty deposits) on inner walls of arter…
32 terms
Biology 2 list #2
Douglas-fir... Pseudotsuga mensiesii... Oreg…
Bald eagle... American Bird
Black-billed Magpie
Stellar's Jay
Douglas-fir... Pseudotsuga mensiesii... Oreg…
Bald eagle... American Bird
39 terms
Apologia Biology Module 2
pathogen
saprophyte
parasite
aerobic organism
an organism that causes disease
an organism that feeds on dead matter
an organism that feeds on a living host
an organism that requires oxygen
pathogen
an organism that causes disease
saprophyte
an organism that feeds on dead matter
17 terms
Biology - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Kingdom
Biology
Taxonomy
Property
One of the five groups into which living things are classified.
The study of living things.
The science of classifying organisms based on the features th…
A quality that describes an object.
Kingdom
One of the five groups into which living things are classified.
Biology
The study of living things.
10 terms
Biology 2
Diptera
Lepidoptera
Odonata
Dermaptera
Flies & Mosquitoes
Butterflies & Moths
Dragonflies
Earwigs
Diptera
Flies & Mosquitoes
Lepidoptera
Butterflies & Moths
40 terms
Biology 2
biosphere
ecology
species
poplulation
consists of all life on earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
a group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
biosphere
consists of all life on earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
ecology
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
37 terms
Category 2 STAAR Biology
Nucleotide
Nitrogenous bases found in DNA
Nitrogenous bases found in RNA
Hydrogen bond
the monomer of DNA and RNA; it has 3 parts: Phosphate group,…
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, and Guanine
Adenine, Uracil, Cytosine, and Guanine
bond that hold nitrogenous bases together
Nucleotide
the monomer of DNA and RNA; it has 3 parts: Phosphate group,…
Nitrogenous bases found in DNA
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, and Guanine
13 terms
Biology Term 2 Reproduction
Replication
Fertilization
Dominant Trait
Recessive Trait
Copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
A genetic factor that is blocked by the presence of a dominan…
Replication
Copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
95 terms
Biology 2
Cell Theory
electron microscopes
1-10um
10-100um
1. All organisms are comprised of cells... 2. The cell is the ba…
only looking at dead organisms... TEM - thin sections of individ…
prokaryotic cell size (bacteria and cyanobacteria)
eukaryotic cell size
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are comprised of cells... 2. The cell is the ba…
electron microscopes
only looking at dead organisms... TEM - thin sections of individ…
35 terms
Biology.2
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Is the smallest basic unit of matter
Is one particular type of atom, and it cannot be broken down…
Is a substance made of atoms of different elements bonded tog…
Is an atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons
Atom
Is the smallest basic unit of matter
Element
Is one particular type of atom, and it cannot be broken down…
21 terms
Biology chapter 6-2
signs of physical changes
signs of a chemical reaction
atoms
proton +... neutron (neutral)... electron -
water evaporation, ice melting, sugar dissolving in water, wh…
color change, production of heat or light, formation of a new…
building blocks of matter
the three particles of an atom and their charges
signs of physical changes
water evaporation, ice melting, sugar dissolving in water, wh…
signs of a chemical reaction
color change, production of heat or light, formation of a new…
35 terms
Chapter 2 Biology
atom
element
compound
ion
Basic unit of matter
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A charged atom
atom
Basic unit of matter
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
9 terms
1.2 human biology
the inner framework made up of all the…
the 26 small bones that make up the ba…
a place in the body where two bones co…
strong connective tissue that holds bo…
skeleton
vertebrae
joint
ligament
the inner framework made up of all the…
skeleton
the 26 small bones that make up the ba…
vertebrae
16 terms
Biology 2
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Lipid bilayer
Concentration
Thin, flexible barrier
support layer around membrane
double-layered sheet of lipids
mass of a solute in a given volume of solution or mass/volume
Cell membrane
Thin, flexible barrier
Cell wall
support layer around membrane
9 terms
Biology #2
Eukaryote
Golgi bodies
Interphase
Chromatid
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
This is the packaging center of the cell.
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
one half of a duplicated chromosome
Eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Golgi bodies
This is the packaging center of the cell.
43 terms
AQA Biology B2
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell membrane
Mitochondria
--> Controls the cell's activities... --> Contains DNA
--> Where reactions controlled by enzymes take place
--> Controls what goes in and out of cell... --> Holds cell toge…
--> Use glucose in respiration and release energy for cell
Nucleus
--> Controls the cell's activities... --> Contains DNA
Cytoplasm
--> Where reactions controlled by enzymes take place
62 terms
Biology 2
Cell organelle
Nucleus (2)
Cell membrane
Ribosomes
Different part of a cell
Controls activities of cell, contains chromosomes
Controls substances leaving and entering cell
Protein synthesis (making proteins) takes place
Cell organelle
Different part of a cell
Nucleus (2)
Controls activities of cell, contains chromosomes
12 terms
Thinkwell Biology 2.2
atom
covalent bond
electron
electronegativity
The smallest unit of an element.
A type of chemical bond in which electrons are shared between…
A negatively charged subatomic particle.
An index of the ability of an atom to attract electrons.
atom
The smallest unit of an element.
covalent bond
A type of chemical bond in which electrons are shared between…
77 terms
Sem 2 Biology Review
Somatic cell
Gamete
Homologous chromosome
Autosome
Also called "body cells" and make up most of the body tissues…
A haploid reproductive cell, such as an egg or sperm. Gametes…
Chromosomes that are similar in size, shape, and kinds of gen…
A chromosomes that doesn't have a gene that determines sex
Somatic cell
Also called "body cells" and make up most of the body tissues…
Gamete
A haploid reproductive cell, such as an egg or sperm. Gametes…
15 terms
Biology 2
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
starch
protein
one sugar
many surgars
Starch or amylum is a carbohydrate consisting of a large numb…
Proteins are large biological molecules, or macromolecules, c…
monosaccharide
one sugar
polysaccharide
many surgars
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