Study sets matching "biology 2"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biology 2"

30 terms
Biology 2
Gene
allele
traits
homologous chromosomes
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
Characteristics that are inherited
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
allele
An alternative form of a gene.
9 terms
Biology 2-2
Replicate
Antiparallel
Complementary
Helicase
Copy / duplicate
Opposite directions and side-by-side
Matching / complete
Enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix
Replicate
Copy / duplicate
Antiparallel
Opposite directions and side-by-side
487 terms
Biology 2
Scientific question
Biology
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Questions that can be answered by using experiments and factu…
The study of living organisms and how they function.
A method of procedure that has characterized natural science…
1st part of the scientific method
Scientific question
Questions that can be answered by using experiments and factu…
Biology
The study of living organisms and how they function.
148 terms
BIOLOGY 2
What is the atomic number of an atom t…
How can you find the Atomic number of…
Fluorine's atomic number is 9 and its…
What do you call atoms with the same a…
Carbon. Atomic #-6... Atomic number is the number of protons in…
Atomic # equals # of protons in an atom.
...
Isotopes.
What is the atomic number of an atom t…
Carbon. Atomic #-6... Atomic number is the number of protons in…
How can you find the Atomic number of…
Atomic # equals # of protons in an atom.
Biology Ch. 2
system in plants
root system
shoot system
organs (roots, stem, & leaves)
a group of structures designed to function together as a unit…
the part of the plant that is ordinarily underground, anchori…
the part of the plant that is usually found above ground, hol…
a structure within a system that has a definite form and perf…
system in plants
a group of structures designed to function together as a unit…
root system
the part of the plant that is ordinarily underground, anchori…
Biology Keystone Vocabulary #2
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Endosymbiosis
Eukaryote
Golgi Apparatus
In BOTH types of cells. Carries substances, like proteins, to…
Occurs when one organism is consumed by another organism and…
A type of organism composed of one or more cells containing a…
An organelle found in eukaryotic cells responsible for the fi…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
In BOTH types of cells. Carries substances, like proteins, to…
Endosymbiosis
Occurs when one organism is consumed by another organism and…
13 terms
Biology Term 2 Reproduction
Replication
Fertilization
Dominant Trait
Recessive Trait
Copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
A genetic factor that is blocked by the presence of a dominan…
Replication
Copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
22 terms
Biology Unit 2 - Cell Biology
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
The basic unit of all forms of life
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
A strong layer around the outside of plant cells made of cell…
An organelle that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA)
Cell
The basic unit of all forms of life
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
20 terms
Biology 2.1 & 2.2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The property of water that allows water molecules to stick to…
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The property of water that allows water molecules to stick to…
5 terms
Biology 2-5
Mitosis
Chromatin
Sister chromatid
Chromosome
Process of a cell dividing, making two identical daughter cells
Loosely coiled DNA
Tightly coiled bundles of DNA, connected to its identical copy
Tightly coiled bundles of DNA, consisting of two sister chrom…
Mitosis
Process of a cell dividing, making two identical daughter cells
Chromatin
Loosely coiled DNA
38 terms
MVHS Biology IB 2
xylem
transpiration
stomata
photosynthesis
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
Loss of water from a leaf of a plant through stomata that cre…
regulated openings on the bottom of leaves that control the e…
process in which UV light energy is converted into the energy…
xylem
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
transpiration
Loss of water from a leaf of a plant through stomata that cre…
6 terms
Biology 2-4
Gene expression
Gene regulation
Inverse
Mutation
The process by which the information encoded in a gene is use…
The ability of an organism to regulate which genes are transc…
Backwards
A change in one or more of the nitrogen bases in DNA
Gene expression
The process by which the information encoded in a gene is use…
Gene regulation
The ability of an organism to regulate which genes are transc…
16 terms
Biology Section 7-2
Organelles
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Envelope
Chromatin
structures in a cell that act as if they are specialized orga…
portion of the cell that is outside of the nucleus
surrounds the nucleus and is composed of two membranes; its p…
granular material consisting of DNA bound to protein and spre…
Organelles
structures in a cell that act as if they are specialized orga…
Cytoplasm
portion of the cell that is outside of the nucleus
26 terms
biology2
solute
solvent
what is cellular transport
diffusion
what is being disolved
what is doing the dissolving
moving of solutes or water across the semipermeable membrane…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
solute
what is being disolved
solvent
what is doing the dissolving
Advanced Biology Ch. 2
elements
oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen
atoms
atomic mass
the simplest chemical substances
What are the four elements that compose over 95% of the body'…
make up each element; contains a nucleus with protons and neu…
the sum of protons and neutrons in a nucleus
elements
the simplest chemical substances
oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen
What are the four elements that compose over 95% of the body'…
30 terms
Biology 2
Gene
allele
traits
homologous chromosomes
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
Characteristics that are inherited
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
allele
An alternative form of a gene.
29 terms
Biology Standard 2: Cells
cell membrane
cell wall
cell theory
organelles
Controls what comes into and out of a cell; found in plant an…
In a PLANT cell. Helps protect and support the cell. Gives a…
States that all organisms are made up of one or more cells, t…
Tiny structures inside a cell that carry out the processes of…
cell membrane
Controls what comes into and out of a cell; found in plant an…
cell wall
In a PLANT cell. Helps protect and support the cell. Gives a…
40 terms
Strand 2: Cell Biology
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
cell membrane
nucleus
This type of cell lacks a nucleus, but still includes a cell…
This type of cell has a nucleus (which stores DNA), as well a…
A protective barrier made up of proteins and lipids (fats) th…
Organelle in eukaryotic cells which contains the cell's DNA.
prokaryotic cell
This type of cell lacks a nucleus, but still includes a cell…
eukaryotic cell
This type of cell has a nucleus (which stores DNA), as well a…
9 terms
Biology 1-2
Biomolecule
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Protein
A molecule made by something living
Sugars and starch; quick energy
Fat; energy storage
Amino Acids; control chemical reactions
Biomolecule
A molecule made by something living
Carbohydrate
Sugars and starch; quick energy
Biology #2
polypeptide
atherosclerosis
coronary heart disease
diastole
linear polymer consisting of many amino acids linked up by pe…
deposition of plaque (fatty deposits) on inner walls of arter…
heart disease due to abnormality in blood vessels supplying b…
period of relaxation of heart muscles, allowing chambers to f…
polypeptide
linear polymer consisting of many amino acids linked up by pe…
atherosclerosis
deposition of plaque (fatty deposits) on inner walls of arter…
40 terms
Biology 2
biosphere
ecology
species
poplulation
consists of all life on earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
a group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
biosphere
consists of all life on earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
ecology
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
Biology 2
Diptera
Lepidoptera
Odonata
Dermaptera
Flies & Mosquitoes
Butterflies & Moths
Dragonflies
Earwigs
Diptera
Flies & Mosquitoes
Lepidoptera
Butterflies & Moths
2.1 Molecular Biology
Molecular Biology
Carbon compounds
A covalent bond if formed?
Hydroxyl group
Explains living processes in terms of the chemical substances…
Carbon atoms can form 4 covalent bonds ... *4 Key Carbon compou…
When two adjacent atoms share a pair of electrons, with one e…
-OH
Molecular Biology
Explains living processes in terms of the chemical substances…
Carbon compounds
Carbon atoms can form 4 covalent bonds ... *4 Key Carbon compou…
Biology Lesson 1 and 2
Hypothesis
Theory
Enzyme
Homeostasis
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
A tendency to maintain a BALANCED or constant internal state;…
Hypothesis
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Theory
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
Biology 2.1 & 2.2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
93 terms
Biology ch. 1&2
7 characteristics of all living things
Atom
Molecule
Cell
Organized, need materials and energy, reproduce, respond to s…
Building blocks of all matter and the smallest part of an ele…
An association of 2 or more atoms
Smallest unit of life
7 characteristics of all living things
Organized, need materials and energy, reproduce, respond to s…
Atom
Building blocks of all matter and the smallest part of an ele…
10 terms
Biology 2.1
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
the center of an atom
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
a pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Nucleus
the center of an atom
30 terms
Biology 2
Gene
allele
traits
homologous chromosomes
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
Characteristics that are inherited
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
allele
An alternative form of a gene.
9 terms
Biology #2
Eukaryote
Golgi bodies
Interphase
Chromatid
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
This is the packaging center of the cell.
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
one half of a duplicated chromosome
Eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Golgi bodies
This is the packaging center of the cell.
41 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
Basic unit of matter.
The center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons.
Negatively charged particle, located outside the atomic nucle…
Substance consisting entirely of one type of atom.
Atom
Basic unit of matter.
Nucleus
The center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons.
77 terms
Sem 2 Biology Review
Somatic cell
Gamete
Homologous chromosome
Autosome
Also called "body cells" and make up most of the body tissues…
A haploid reproductive cell, such as an egg or sperm. Gametes…
Chromosomes that are similar in size, shape, and kinds of gen…
A chromosomes that doesn't have a gene that determines sex
Somatic cell
Also called "body cells" and make up most of the body tissues…
Gamete
A haploid reproductive cell, such as an egg or sperm. Gametes…
95 terms
Biology 2
Cell Theory
electron microscopes
1-10um
10-100um
1. All organisms are comprised of cells... 2. The cell is the ba…
only looking at dead organisms... TEM - thin sections of individ…
prokaryotic cell size (bacteria and cyanobacteria)
eukaryotic cell size
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are comprised of cells... 2. The cell is the ba…
electron microscopes
only looking at dead organisms... TEM - thin sections of individ…
Biology.2
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Is the smallest basic unit of matter
Is one particular type of atom, and it cannot be broken down…
Is a substance made of atoms of different elements bonded tog…
Is an atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons
Atom
Is the smallest basic unit of matter
Element
Is one particular type of atom, and it cannot be broken down…
12 terms
Biology: U8L2
antibiotic
carotenoid pigments
conjugation
cyanobacteria
A chemical that can destroy bacteria and other microorganisms.
A pigment ranging in color from yellow to red; helpful in cap…
An act of fertilization involving the transfer of cell conten…
Single-celled photosynthetic bacteria.
antibiotic
A chemical that can destroy bacteria and other microorganisms.
carotenoid pigments
A pigment ranging in color from yellow to red; helpful in cap…
26 terms
Biology 2 Birds
Crop
Gizzard
Proventriculus
Esophagus
Stores a large amount of food prior to digestion
Contains stones. Site of chemical and mechanical breakdown
First portion of the bird "stomach." Site of chemical breakdown
Tube leading from mouth to proventriculus
Crop
Stores a large amount of food prior to digestion
Gizzard
Contains stones. Site of chemical and mechanical breakdown
Biology - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Kingdom
Biology
Taxonomy
Property
One of the five groups into which living things are classified.
The study of living things.
The science of classifying organisms based on the features th…
A quality that describes an object.
Kingdom
One of the five groups into which living things are classified.
Biology
The study of living things.
12 terms
Thinkwell Biology 2.2
atom
covalent bond
electron
electronegativity
The smallest unit of an element.
A type of chemical bond in which electrons are shared between…
A negatively charged subatomic particle.
An index of the ability of an atom to attract electrons.
atom
The smallest unit of an element.
covalent bond
A type of chemical bond in which electrons are shared between…
Biology Chapter 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
10 terms
Biology chapter 2-2
Life depends on what?
cohesion
hydrogen bond
adhesion
hydrogen bonds in water
the attraction among molecules of a substance
attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen atom and a sl…
the attraction among molecules of different substances
Life depends on what?
hydrogen bonds in water
cohesion
the attraction among molecules of a substance
26 terms
Unit 1 Biology 2
prokaryote
eukaryote
ribosomes
endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
cell that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus and membrane-bound o…
cell containing a nuclear membrane and a membrane-bound nucleus
where proteins are made and can be found in prokaryotes and e…
network of interconnected structures found in all eukaryotes;…
prokaryote
cell that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus and membrane-bound o…
eukaryote
cell containing a nuclear membrane and a membrane-bound nucleus
Biology Ch. 2
Atoms
Protons and neutrons are located
Electrons are located
Protons
made up of protons and neutrons
in the nucleus (the core)
around the nucleus
positively charged particle
Atoms
made up of protons and neutrons
Protons and neutrons are located
in the nucleus (the core)
34 terms
Biology #2
Multiple allele traits
Sex linked traits
Everyone starts out as a _____
Polygenic traits
More than two alleles exist for a trait (ex- blood type, hair…
Carried on sex-chromosomes
Female
Traits controlled by genes at more than one location (at leas…
Multiple allele traits
More than two alleles exist for a trait (ex- blood type, hair…
Sex linked traits
Carried on sex-chromosomes
Biology 2
Early scientists believed that life ar…
They called this process
In 1688, the Italian physician
Experimented with flies to
non living matter
spontaneous generation
Francesco Redi
disprove the theory
Early scientists believed that life ar…
non living matter
They called this process
spontaneous generation
14 terms
Biology Module 2
Pathogen
saprophyte
parasite
aerobic organism
organism that causes disease
organism that feeds on dead matter
organism that feeds on a living host
organism that requires oxygen
Pathogen
organism that causes disease
saprophyte
organism that feeds on dead matter
45 terms
Biology Unit 2 Biochemistry
carbohydrate, lipids, proteins, nuclei…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
a building block
monosaccharide
What are the four Biomolecules?
What elements are found in carbohydrates?
What is a monomer?
What is the monomer for carbohydrates?
carbohydrate, lipids, proteins, nuclei…
What are the four Biomolecules?
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
What elements are found in carbohydrates?
37 terms
Category 2 STAAR Biology
Nucleotide
Nitrogenous bases found in DNA
Nitrogenous bases found in RNA
Hydrogen bond
the monomer of DNA and RNA; it has 3 parts: Phosphate group,…
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, and Guanine
Adenine, Uracil, Cytosine, and Guanine
bond that hold nitrogenous bases together
Nucleotide
the monomer of DNA and RNA; it has 3 parts: Phosphate group,…
Nitrogenous bases found in DNA
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, and Guanine
15 terms
Biology 2
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
starch
protein
one sugar
many surgars
Starch or amylum is a carbohydrate consisting of a large numb…
Proteins are large biological molecules, or macromolecules, c…
monosaccharide
one sugar
polysaccharide
many surgars
Biology #2
Cell membrane
Job of Cell membrane
how many sections of cell membrane
What kind of molecule is a phospholid
outer boundary of cell
regulates what passes into or out of the cell
3
lipid
Cell membrane
outer boundary of cell
Job of Cell membrane
regulates what passes into or out of the cell
25 terms
Molecular Biology 2.2
Starch
Amylose
Amylopectin
Water structure
Built up by L-glucose units. Joined by a 1,4 linkage. Two com…
Unbalanced. Polymer. Only L-glucose units, joined by 1,4 link…
Soluble polysaccharide. Highly branched polymer, 1,6 linkage.…
H20. H-bonds bind them together - intermolecular force.
Starch
Built up by L-glucose units. Joined by a 1,4 linkage. Two com…
Amylose
Unbalanced. Polymer. Only L-glucose units, joined by 1,4 link…
28 terms
Biology 2
Ecology
Biosphere
Biotic Factor
Abiotic Factor
scientific study of all the interrelationships between organi…
relatively thin layer of Earth and its atmosphere that suppor…
any living factor in an organisms environment
any nonliving factor in an organisms environment
Ecology
scientific study of all the interrelationships between organi…
Biosphere
relatively thin layer of Earth and its atmosphere that suppor…
1 of 10