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Study sets matching "biology 2"

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Study sets matching "biology 2"

30 terms
Biology 2
Gene
allele
traits
homologous chromosomes
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
Characteristics that are inherited
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
allele
An alternative form of a gene.
9 terms
Biology 2-2
Replicate
Antiparallel
Complementary
Helicase
Copy / duplicate
Opposite directions and side-by-side
Matching / complete
Enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix
Replicate
Copy / duplicate
Antiparallel
Opposite directions and side-by-side
30 terms
Biology 2
Gene
allele
traits
homologous chromosomes
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
Characteristics that are inherited
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
allele
An alternative form of a gene.
Biology 2.1 & 2.2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
148 terms
BIOLOGY 2
What is the atomic number of an atom t…
How can you find the Atomic number of…
Fluorine's atomic number is 9 and its…
What do you call atoms with the same a…
Carbon. Atomic #-6... Atomic number is the number of protons in…
Atomic # equals # of protons in an atom.
...
Isotopes.
What is the atomic number of an atom t…
Carbon. Atomic #-6... Atomic number is the number of protons in…
How can you find the Atomic number of…
Atomic # equals # of protons in an atom.
30 terms
Biology 2
Gene
allele
traits
homologous chromosomes
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
Characteristics that are inherited
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
allele
An alternative form of a gene.
83 terms
Biology Ch. 2
system in plants
root system
shoot system
organs (roots, stem, & leaves)
a group of structures designed to function together as a unit…
the part of the plant that is ordinarily underground, anchori…
the part of the plant that is usually found above ground, hol…
a structure within a system that has a definite form and perf…
system in plants
a group of structures designed to function together as a unit…
root system
the part of the plant that is ordinarily underground, anchori…
22 terms
Biology Unit 2 - Cell Biology
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
The basic unit of all forms of life
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
A strong layer around the outside of plant cells made of cell…
An organelle that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA)
Cell
The basic unit of all forms of life
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
16 terms
Biology Section 7-2
Organelles
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Envelope
Chromatin
structures in a cell that act as if they are specialized orga…
portion of the cell that is outside of the nucleus
surrounds the nucleus and is composed of two membranes; its p…
granular material consisting of DNA bound to protein and spre…
Organelles
structures in a cell that act as if they are specialized orga…
Cytoplasm
portion of the cell that is outside of the nucleus
Biology Keystone Vocabulary #2
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Endosymbiosis
Eukaryote
Golgi Apparatus
In BOTH types of cells. Carries substances, like proteins, to…
Occurs when one organism is consumed by another organism and…
A type of organism composed of one or more cells containing a…
An organelle found in eukaryotic cells responsible for the fi…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
In BOTH types of cells. Carries substances, like proteins, to…
Endosymbiosis
Occurs when one organism is consumed by another organism and…
5 terms
Biology 2-5
Mitosis
Chromatin
Sister chromatid
Chromosome
Process of a cell dividing, making two identical daughter cells
Loosely coiled DNA
Tightly coiled bundles of DNA, connected to its identical copy
Tightly coiled bundles of DNA, consisting of two sister chrom…
Mitosis
Process of a cell dividing, making two identical daughter cells
Chromatin
Loosely coiled DNA
38 terms
MVHS Biology IB 2
xylem
transpiration
stomata
photosynthesis
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
Loss of water from a leaf of a plant through stomata that cre…
regulated openings on the bottom of leaves that control the e…
process in which UV light energy is converted into the energy…
xylem
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
transpiration
Loss of water from a leaf of a plant through stomata that cre…
6 terms
Biology 2-4
Gene expression
Gene regulation
Inverse
Mutation
The process by which the information encoded in a gene is use…
The ability of an organism to regulate which genes are transc…
Backwards
A change in one or more of the nitrogen bases in DNA
Gene expression
The process by which the information encoded in a gene is use…
Gene regulation
The ability of an organism to regulate which genes are transc…
18 terms
Biology 2.1 & 2.2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
487 terms
Biology 2
Scientific question
Biology
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Questions that can be answered by using experiments and factu…
The study of living organisms and how they function.
A method of procedure that has characterized natural science…
1st part of the scientific method
Scientific question
Questions that can be answered by using experiments and factu…
Biology
The study of living organisms and how they function.
90 terms
Advanced Biology Ch. 2
elements
oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen
atoms
atomic mass
the simplest chemical substances
What are the four elements that compose over 95% of the body'…
make up each element; contains a nucleus with protons and neu…
the sum of protons and neutrons in a nucleus
elements
the simplest chemical substances
oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen
What are the four elements that compose over 95% of the body'…
29 terms
Biology Standard 2: Cells
cell membrane
cell wall
cell theory
organelles
Controls what comes into and out of a cell; found in plant an…
In a PLANT cell. Helps protect and support the cell. Gives a…
States that all organisms are made up of one or more cells, t…
Tiny structures inside a cell that carry out the processes of…
cell membrane
Controls what comes into and out of a cell; found in plant an…
cell wall
In a PLANT cell. Helps protect and support the cell. Gives a…
28 terms
Biology Section 2.2: Biomolecules
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
Carbohydrate
a large molecule composed of smaller molecules joined together
a large molecule composed of similar subunits joined via cova…
a small subunit that composes polymers
a sugar composed of monosaccharides, disaccharides, or polysa…
Macromolecule
a large molecule composed of smaller molecules joined together
Polymer
a large molecule composed of similar subunits joined via cova…
40 terms
Strand 2: Cell Biology
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
cell membrane
nucleus
This type of cell lacks a nucleus, but still includes a cell…
This type of cell has a nucleus (which stores DNA), as well a…
A protective barrier made up of proteins and lipids (fats) th…
Organelle in eukaryotic cells which contains the cell's DNA.
prokaryotic cell
This type of cell lacks a nucleus, but still includes a cell…
eukaryotic cell
This type of cell has a nucleus (which stores DNA), as well a…
96 terms
IB Biology 2016 - Topic 2 - Molecular Biology
Outline what molecular biology is and…
Explain how the synthesis of urea fals…
Explain how carbon can lead to diversi…
State the most frequently occurring ch…
explains living processes in terms of the molecules involved;…
vitalism stated that living molecules cannot be made artifici…
carbon can form 4 covalent bonds;... therefore can become the ba…
Most common in living organisms are Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxyg…
Outline what molecular biology is and…
explains living processes in terms of the molecules involved;…
Explain how the synthesis of urea fals…
vitalism stated that living molecules cannot be made artifici…
26 terms
biology2
solute
solvent
what is cellular transport
diffusion
what is being disolved
what is doing the dissolving
moving of solutes or water across the semipermeable membrane…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
solute
what is being disolved
solvent
what is doing the dissolving
52 terms
Biology Semester 2 Final
macromolecule
carbohydrate
protein
lipid
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
A simple or complex compound composed of carbon, oxygen and h…
A molecule that is made up of amino acids and that is needed…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
macromolecule
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
carbohydrate
A simple or complex compound composed of carbon, oxygen and h…
22 terms
2.1 Molecular Biology
Molecular Biology
Carbon compounds
A covalent bond if formed?
Hydroxyl group
Explains living processes in terms of the chemical substances…
Carbon atoms can form 4 covalent bonds ... *4 Key Carbon compou…
When two adjacent atoms share a pair of electrons, with one e…
-OH
Molecular Biology
Explains living processes in terms of the chemical substances…
Carbon compounds
Carbon atoms can form 4 covalent bonds ... *4 Key Carbon compou…
38 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
9 terms
Biology 1-2
Biomolecule
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Protein
A molecule made by something living
Sugars and starch; quick energy
Fat; energy storage
Amino Acids; control chemical reactions
Biomolecule
A molecule made by something living
Carbohydrate
Sugars and starch; quick energy
93 terms
Biology ch. 1&2
7 characteristics of all living things
Atom
Molecule
Cell
Organized, need materials and energy, reproduce, respond to s…
Building blocks of all matter and the smallest part of an ele…
An association of 2 or more atoms
Smallest unit of life
7 characteristics of all living things
Organized, need materials and energy, reproduce, respond to s…
Atom
Building blocks of all matter and the smallest part of an ele…
41 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
Basic unit of matter.
The center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons.
Negatively charged particle, located outside the atomic nucle…
Substance consisting entirely of one type of atom.
Atom
Basic unit of matter.
Nucleus
The center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons.
10 terms
Biology 2.1
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
the center of an atom
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
a pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Nucleus
the center of an atom
56 terms
Biology 2 - Naming Bones
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
Temporal bone
Occipital bone
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
23 terms
Biology Lesson 1 and 2
Hypothesis
Theory
Enzyme
Homeostasis
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
A tendency to maintain a BALANCED or constant internal state;…
Hypothesis
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Theory
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
77 terms
Sem 2 Biology Review
Somatic cell
Gamete
Homologous chromosome
Autosome
Also called "body cells" and make up most of the body tissues…
A haploid reproductive cell, such as an egg or sperm. Gametes…
Chromosomes that are similar in size, shape, and kinds of gen…
A chromosomes that doesn't have a gene that determines sex
Somatic cell
Also called "body cells" and make up most of the body tissues…
Gamete
A haploid reproductive cell, such as an egg or sperm. Gametes…
8 terms
Biology 2 Week 1-2
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Homeostasis
Reproduction
This is a single-celled organism. These don't have a nucleus.…
This has multiple cells. These cells have a nucleus. These ce…
This is a regulation of internal systems based on stimuli. Re…
This is when an organism produces offspring. This is a charac…
Prokaryote
This is a single-celled organism. These don't have a nucleus.…
Eukaryote
This has multiple cells. These cells have a nucleus. These ce…
12 terms
Biology: U8L2
antibiotic
carotenoid pigments
conjugation
cyanobacteria
A chemical that can destroy bacteria and other microorganisms.
A pigment ranging in color from yellow to red; helpful in cap…
An act of fertilization involving the transfer of cell conten…
Single-celled photosynthetic bacteria.
antibiotic
A chemical that can destroy bacteria and other microorganisms.
carotenoid pigments
A pigment ranging in color from yellow to red; helpful in cap…
26 terms
Biology 2 - Skeletal System
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Osteoblast
Osteoclast
shaft of a long bone
ends of a long bone
Cell that creates bone tissue
Cell that dissolves bone tissue
Diaphysis
shaft of a long bone
Epiphysis
ends of a long bone
17 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Chemical Bond
Chemical Reaction
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
Force that holds molecules together
Process that changes some chemical substances into others
Amino Acid
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Carbohydrate
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
14 terms
Biology I: 2.2 - Water
covalent bond
hydrogen bond
hydrogen bond
covalent bond
What type of bond is circled in blue in the picture?
What type of bond is circled in blue in the picture?
A bond between a partial positive charge on a hydrogen atom a…
The type of bond that holds together the atoms of a molecule.
covalent bond
What type of bond is circled in blue in the picture?
hydrogen bond
What type of bond is circled in blue in the picture?
10 terms
Biology chapter 2-2
Life depends on what?
cohesion
hydrogen bond
adhesion
hydrogen bonds in water
the attraction among molecules of a substance
attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen atom and a sl…
the attraction among molecules of different substances
Life depends on what?
hydrogen bonds in water
cohesion
the attraction among molecules of a substance
Biology Chapter 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
93 terms
Topic 2: Molecular Biology
Anabolism
Catabolism
Carbohydrates
Covalent bonds
is the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules…
is the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules…
any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods…
a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs b…
Anabolism
is the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules…
Catabolism
is the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Chemical Bond
Chemical Reaction
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
Force that holds molecules together
Process that changes some chemical substances into others
Amino Acid
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Carbohydrate
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
40 terms
Biology - Unit 2
Homeostasis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
ATP
The maintenance of a constant internal environment of an orga…
An organism that creates organic food molecules (energy) usin…
An organism that cannot make its own food and gets food by co…
Main energy source that cells use for their work (adenosine t…
Homeostasis
The maintenance of a constant internal environment of an orga…
Autotroph
An organism that creates organic food molecules (energy) usin…
9 terms
1.2 Connections in Biology
energy
function
matter
phytoplankton
The ability to work
A job
Anything that has mass and takes up space
population of algae and other small, photosynthetic organisms…
energy
The ability to work
function
A job
18 terms
Biology 2: Biochemistry
polar
ion
hydrogen bond
cohesion
describes a molecule in which the positive and negative charg…
a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative)
weak chemical bond formed by the attraction of positively cha…
an attraction between molecules of the same substance
polar
describes a molecule in which the positive and negative charg…
ion
a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative)
32 terms
Biology 2 list #2
Douglas-fir... Pseudotsuga mensiesii... Oreg…
Bald eagle... American Bird
Black-billed Magpie
Stellar's Jay
Douglas-fir... Pseudotsuga mensiesii... Oreg…
Bald eagle... American Bird
39 terms
Apologia Biology Module 2
pathogen
saprophyte
parasite
aerobic organism
an organism that causes disease
an organism that feeds on dead matter
an organism that feeds on a living host
an organism that requires oxygen
pathogen
an organism that causes disease
saprophyte
an organism that feeds on dead matter
25 terms
2.1 Cell Biology - Organelles
Centriole
Plasma membrane
Mitochondria
Lysosome
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in "animal cells on…
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
"Powerhouse of cell" that converts energy in food molecules t…
It is the "garbage disposal" of cell. It contains digestive e…
Centriole
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in "animal cells on…
Plasma membrane
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
17 terms
Biology - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Kingdom
Biology
Taxonomy
Property
One of the five groups into which living things are classified.
The study of living things.
The science of classifying organisms based on the features th…
A quality that describes an object.
Kingdom
One of the five groups into which living things are classified.
Biology
The study of living things.
14 terms
Biology Module 2
Pathogen
saprophyte
parasite
aerobic organism
organism that causes disease
organism that feeds on dead matter
organism that feeds on a living host
organism that requires oxygen
Pathogen
organism that causes disease
saprophyte
organism that feeds on dead matter
10 terms
Biology 2
Diptera
Lepidoptera
Odonata
Dermaptera
Flies & Mosquitoes
Butterflies & Moths
Dragonflies
Earwigs
Diptera
Flies & Mosquitoes
Lepidoptera
Butterflies & Moths
39 terms
2.1 IB Biology Vocabulary
Carbohydrates
lipids
glucose
Proteins
Contain carbon, oxygen, hydrogen (CHO). Organic compounds con…
Contain C, H, O. A group of non-polar organic molecules that…
Monosaccharide, (6 carbon ring), C6H12O6. Can be alpha or bet…
Contain Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and additionally…
Carbohydrates
Contain carbon, oxygen, hydrogen (CHO). Organic compounds con…
lipids
Contain C, H, O. A group of non-polar organic molecules that…
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