Study sets matching "biology 2"

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Study sets matching "biology 2"

79 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology
What bond holds together two carbon at…
What "bond" is responsible for the att…
What bond holds together the sodium an…
What is a molecule that is produced by…
Covalent
Hydrogen
Ionic
Dimer
What bond holds together two carbon at…
Covalent
What "bond" is responsible for the att…
Hydrogen
7 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology 2 - chapter 1
Enthalpy
Prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells…
What is an Acellular organism?
Central Dogma of Biology
Internal energy + pressure + volume. Total energy of the syst…
Lipid bilayer, ribosomes, DNA, RNA
A virus
DNA--> mRNA --> protein... Transcription. Translation.
Enthalpy
Internal energy + pressure + volume. Total energy of the syst…
Prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells…
Lipid bilayer, ribosomes, DNA, RNA
6 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Tissues, Part 1: Crash Course A&P #2
cardiac muscle
glial
skeletal muscle
smooth muscle
Relating to the heart.
Of or relating to neuroglia
a muscle that is connected to the skeleton to form part of th…
Having an even and regular surface or consistency; free from…
cardiac muscle
Relating to the heart.
glial
Of or relating to neuroglia
9 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Human Biology: Class Lecture - Early Fetal Development
Day 0
Week 1
Week 2
Week 3
- fertilization by sperm, forming a zygote... - takes sperm 8 ho…
- fertilized egg travels to uterus and finishes embedding int…
- bilaminar disc (i.e. epiblast, hypoblast) is a fancy name f…
- trilaminar disc... - composed of the following stem cells that…
Day 0
- fertilization by sperm, forming a zygote... - takes sperm 8 ho…
Week 1
- fertilized egg travels to uterus and finishes embedding int…
44 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology Final exam
What structure contains a hydrophilic…
Which structures allow cells to commun…
Provides Energy
Synthesizes proteins
3 only (circle thing with tail on bottom)
2 only (the one that sticks out above the cell)
Function of Mitochondria
Function of Ribosomes
What structure contains a hydrophilic…
3 only (circle thing with tail on bottom)
Which structures allow cells to commun…
2 only (the one that sticks out above the cell)
12 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Honors Biology Jeppson Chapter 11 Part 2
Allele
Fertilization
Trait
Segregation
One of a number of different forms of a gene
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristics of an individual
Separation o allels during gamete formation
Allele
One of a number of different forms of a gene
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
16 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Week 2 Bio Vocab
Molecule
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bond
Monomer
A group of atoms bonded together
1 or more pairs of electrons shared by 2 atoms
Electrons are removed and attached to another atom
A molecule that bonds to make polymers
Molecule
A group of atoms bonded together
Covalent Bond
1 or more pairs of electrons shared by 2 atoms
41 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Exam 1 - Endocrine
Explain why some cells respond to a pa…
List 2 categories of lipid-soluble hor…
2 categories of water-soluble hormones
Type II diabetes
some tissues lack receptors for hormones and others have targ…
steroids... thyroid hormones... nitric oxide
proteins and peptides... amines... eicosanoids
-non insulin dependent... -produce insulin but target cell recep…
Explain why some cells respond to a pa…
some tissues lack receptors for hormones and others have targ…
List 2 categories of lipid-soluble hor…
steroids... thyroid hormones... nitric oxide
40 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology Accelerated Midterm Review
The 7 Characteristics of Life
Stable (Biochem)
Unstable
Covalent Bond
- organization... - ability to reproduce... - response to stimuli…
charges are balanced
charges are unbalanced
two atoms bond by sharing electrons
The 7 Characteristics of Life
- organization... - ability to reproduce... - response to stimuli…
Stable (Biochem)
charges are balanced
20 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Evolution: Chapter 2 - Biology: From Natural Philosophy to Darwin
Carl Linnaeus
taxa
taxonomy
Nicolaus Steno
Swedish botanist, who organized all living things known at th…
groups of organisms that a taxonomist judges to be a taxonomi…
the science of describing, naming, and classifying species of…
17th century Dutch anatomist; studied shark's teeth, it occur…
Carl Linnaeus
Swedish botanist, who organized all living things known at th…
taxa
groups of organisms that a taxonomist judges to be a taxonomi…
24 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology Unit 3
Does the adult human body roughly prod…
If the body of a multicellular organis…
In growing organisms, new cells help _…
In adult organisms, new cells replace…
yes
no
tissues
damaged
Does the adult human body roughly prod…
yes
If the body of a multicellular organis…
no
30 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Campbell Biology Chapter 24
Speciation
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Biological Species Concept
The origin of new species
Changes in allele frequency in a population over time
Broad patterns of evolutionary change above the species level
A group of populations whose members have the potential to in…
Speciation
The origin of new species
Microevolution
Changes in allele frequency in a population over time
24 termscreated on January 20, 2017
4th Six Weeks Vocabulary Homework Week 2
meiosis
crossing over
independent assortment
gametogenesis
a form of nuclear division that divides a diploid cell into h…
a process that occurs during meiosis that involves the exchan…
from every pair of factors, each of them would assort themsel…
the production of gametes from haploid cells
meiosis
a form of nuclear division that divides a diploid cell into h…
crossing over
a process that occurs during meiosis that involves the exchan…
30 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology 10.2-The Process of Cell Division
Chromosomes make is possible to separa…
the genetic info that is passed on fro…
Every cell must copy its genetic info…
Each daughter cell gets its own copy o…
What is the role of chromosomes in cell division?(anser 1/5)
answer 2/5
answer 3/5
answer 4/5
Chromosomes make is possible to separa…
What is the role of chromosomes in cell division?(anser 1/5)
the genetic info that is passed on fro…
answer 2/5
163 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology Midterm Review
Atom
Molecule
Compound
Element
simplest complete unit of matter, no charge
2+ atoms chemically combined
2+ different atoms chemically combined
simplest substance made of one type of atom
Atom
simplest complete unit of matter, no charge
Molecule
2+ atoms chemically combined
12 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Meiosis II
interphase ... prophae
Metaphase II
homologues (tetrads)
chromatids
During Meiosis II, ______________ & ______________ are short…
During ______________ of Meiosis II, chromosomes align at met…
During Metaphase I ______________ are moved to metaphase plate.
During Metaphase II ______________ are moved to metaphase pla…
interphase ... prophae
During Meiosis II, ______________ & ______________ are short…
Metaphase II
During ______________ of Meiosis II, chromosomes align at met…
6 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Trinity Biology Root Words 2 ~ Greek root first and Latin root last in definition.~
Ear
Eye
Face
Gland
...
...
...
...
Ear
...
Eye
...
42 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology ch 1 & 2
Define Matter
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Matter is composed of elements, substances that cannot be bro…
have + charge and mass of 1
No charge and mass of 1
- charge minimal mass
Define Matter
Matter is composed of elements, substances that cannot be bro…
Protons
have + charge and mass of 1
22 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Directional terms
Superior
Inferior
Cranial
Cephalic
Top section
Bottom section
In Direction of the skull
In Direction of the head
Superior
Top section
Inferior
Bottom section
13 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Second Benchmark Review
Define Biology
Describe an experiment to test a certa…
Define controlled experiment
In a controlled experiment how many va…
Scientific study of life
Controlled experiment
experiment in which only one variable is tested
1
Define Biology
Scientific study of life
Describe an experiment to test a certa…
Controlled experiment
41 termscreated on January 20, 2017
biology fall final chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
Basic unit of matter
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom
Basic unit of matter
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
21 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Animal Architecture
4 common architectural themes
Types of symmetry
Radial symmetry
Bilateral symmetry
Body symmetry, cellularity, body cavity, embryonic development
Radial, bilateral, asymmetrical
Low mobility... Confront stimuli from any direction... Less complex…
Cephalization:... Development of a head region... Controlled moveme…
4 common architectural themes
Body symmetry, cellularity, body cavity, embryonic development
Types of symmetry
Radial, bilateral, asymmetrical
18 termscreated on January 20, 2017
biology terms Pt2
active transport
cell membrane
diffusion
endocytosis
movement of a substance from lower ti higher concentration th…
a semipermeable biological membrane that provides a barrier b…
to move, or the movement of substances down a concentration g…
the process by which a cell membrane engulfs particle or mole…
active transport
movement of a substance from lower ti higher concentration th…
cell membrane
a semipermeable biological membrane that provides a barrier b…
84 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology Midterm
Hypothesis
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Experimental group
Relationship between cause and effect
The variable that is being changed
The variable being measured
The group that is being tested (containing independent variab…
Hypothesis
Relationship between cause and effect
Independent Variable
The variable that is being changed
23 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 6
Where does energy come from in almost…
Cellular Respiration
Where does cellular respiration take p…
True or False? Chemicals make a one-wa…
the sun
O2 is consumed as sugar and is broken down to CO2 and H2O
the Mitochondria
False; Energy makes a one-way trip through an ecosystem, whil…
Where does energy come from in almost…
the sun
Cellular Respiration
O2 is consumed as sugar and is broken down to CO2 and H2O
88 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Unit 1: All Topics
evaporation
precipitation
transpiration
condensation
is the process of liquid turning into a gas
is the process of water falling from the sky (rain, snow, hai…
is the process of plants giving off water vapor... (evaporation…
water vapor cools and becomes a liquid
evaporation
is the process of liquid turning into a gas
precipitation
is the process of water falling from the sky (rain, snow, hai…
35 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Summer assignment review
Covalent bond
Ionic bomd
Polar covalent bomd
Non-polar covalent bond
Sharing electrons
Taking/giving electrons
Uneven sharing
Evenly shared electrons
Covalent bond
Sharing electrons
Ionic bomd
Taking/giving electrons
57 termscreated on January 20, 2017
CB lecture 4
The types of interactions made by epit…
There are ________ _________ of epithe…
Epithelial tissue covers _____________…
Adhesion between cells (lateral) can b…
Cell to cell... Cell to matrix
Many types... The same basic structure
The surfaces of many internal and external organs
Tight junctions... Adherents junctions... Desmosomes... Gap junctions…
The types of interactions made by epit…
Cell to cell... Cell to matrix
There are ________ _________ of epithe…
Many types... The same basic structure
13 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Mitosis
somatic
two
G1
S... Chromatids
Mitosis leads to the growth of ______________ cells.
In mitosis, one diploid cell forms ______________ haploid cel…
Cell Cycle ... During ______________ the cell is growing & pref…
Cell Cycle ... During ______________ DNA is synthesized, & ____…
somatic
Mitosis leads to the growth of ______________ cells.
two
In mitosis, one diploid cell forms ______________ haploid cel…
20 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Water is the "matrix of life"
Dehydration
Camel adaptation
What are a tardigrades' adaptations to…
Biodiversity on 3 levels:
loss of body fluids (water) below normal range.
-pads on feet for walking on hot sand... -thick eyelids with dou…
-dormant for > 10 years... -can lose up to 95% of its body water…
1. ecosystem... 2. species... 3. genetic
Dehydration
loss of body fluids (water) below normal range.
Camel adaptation
-pads on feet for walking on hot sand... -thick eyelids with dou…
27 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Hesi A2 Biology - Basics, Water, and Molecules
Hierarchic System of Organization?
Core theme of biology?
Most significant aspect of water?
What allows for hydrogen bonding betwe…
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Evolution
The polarity of its bonds
Polar nature of water
Hierarchic System of Organization?
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Core theme of biology?
Evolution
41 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 2 - Chemistry & Macromolecules
Covalent bond
Polar bond
Ionic bond
Amine
...
...
...
...
Covalent bond
...
Polar bond
...
17 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Energy and Life PHOTOSYNTHESIS Notes
Where does energy come from?
Autotroph= (Auto= self)
Heterotroph
Why do we need energy?
Energy for most living things comes from food. However, the e…
Organisms that use light energy from the sun to produce food.…
Organisms that CANNOT use the sun's energy to make food. Ex…
Cells use energy for ACTIVE TRANSPORT: Endocytosis and Exoc…
Where does energy come from?
Energy for most living things comes from food. However, the e…
Autotroph= (Auto= self)
Organisms that use light energy from the sun to produce food.…
74 termscreated on January 20, 2017
BIOL 2110 Chapter 2 - Chemistry
What's matter?
What's the difference between mass and…
What's energy?
Types of energy:
It has mass and occupies space
Mass has to do with how many molecules are present, weight ha…
The capacity to do work/ put matter into motion
-Kinetic: breaking chemical bonds... -Potential: In chemical bonds
What's matter?
It has mass and occupies space
What's the difference between mass and…
Mass has to do with how many molecules are present, weight ha…
34 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology Benchmark 2 Study Guide
goals of science
control
independent variable
dependent variable
provide natural explanations and use explanations to understa…
exposed to same conditions
deliberately changed
changes in response
goals of science
provide natural explanations and use explanations to understa…
control
exposed to same conditions
24 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Unit 5 Biology Vocab 2
Telomere
Autosome
Histone
Apoptosis
repetitive nucleotide sequences at each end of a chromosome,…
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
alkaline proteins found in eukaryotic cell nuclei that packag…
"falling off" is a process of programmed cell death that occu…
Telomere
repetitive nucleotide sequences at each end of a chromosome,…
Autosome
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
28 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Atoms and Elements
atomic number
atomic mass
finding number of neutrons
protons and electrons
number of protons
number of protons + nuetrons
atomic mass - atomic number
usually protons and electrons are equal because they are oppo…
atomic number
number of protons
atomic mass
number of protons + nuetrons
8 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Bio Midterm prt 4
ATP
Cellular Respiration
a. Glycolysis
b. Krebs Cycle
The energy used to power everything in the cell
The process by which glucose is broken down into ATP for ener…
Glucose broken down into pyruvate in cytoplasm; 2ATP, 2H2O, 2…
Pyuvate is oxidized, enters Krebs cycle in mitochondria; 2 tu…
ATP
The energy used to power everything in the cell
Cellular Respiration
The process by which glucose is broken down into ATP for ener…
45 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Things on the Study Guide
Independent variable (def)
dependent variable (def)
(how is an) experiment fair
4 types of macromolecules
the thing being changed or manipulated X axis
responds to independent variable Y axis
same conditions, equal amounts of anything
proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids
Independent variable (def)
the thing being changed or manipulated X axis
dependent variable (def)
responds to independent variable Y axis
43 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 6- Leaves | IRSC PLANT BIOLOGY BOT2015 |
leaf blade (or lamina)
dorsal (or abaxial) surface
ventral (or adaxial) surface
Leaves should be flat and thin for ...
The flat, light harvesting portion
The blade's lower side
The upper side of the leaf
maximum absorption of light and CO2
leaf blade (or lamina)
The flat, light harvesting portion
dorsal (or abaxial) surface
The blade's lower side
51 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology Midterm (1/2 done)
problem/question
background information
hypothesis
experiment
what we are going to find out, how something is going to be s…
need to learn about/research important topics relating to the…
an educated guess based on the background information and kno…
test the hypothesis and collect data
problem/question
what we are going to find out, how something is going to be s…
background information
need to learn about/research important topics relating to the…
28 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Review
asexually ... haploid ... cytoplasm
sexually
nonhomologous ... 3... haploid (N)
homologous ... 3 ... diploid (2N)
Prokaryotes reproduce ______________, are ______________ and…
eukaryotes reproduce ______________ and are diploid.
These are three ______________ chromosomes. The haploid numbe…
These are three pairs of ______________ chromosomes. The hapl…
asexually ... haploid ... cytoplasm
Prokaryotes reproduce ______________, are ______________ and…
sexually
eukaryotes reproduce ______________ and are diploid.
37 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 18: Heart Notes
Cardiac Muscle Cells
Desmosomes
Gap Junctions
Number of nuclei in a cardiomyocyte
Cardiomyocytes
Anchoring Junctions
Passing of ions; allows transmission of electrical currents s…
1 or 2; centrally located
Cardiac Muscle Cells
Cardiomyocytes
Desmosomes
Anchoring Junctions
5 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology First Semester Final Exam Flash Cards
Prophase
Metaphase... (Middle)
Anaphase... (Apart)
Telophase... (Two)
Chromosomes coil up.... Nuclear (envlope) membrane disappears.... S…
Chromosomes line-up in the middle of the cell. Spindle fibers…
Chromosomes copies divide. Spindle fibers pull chromosomes to…
Chromosomes uncoil. Nuclear (envelopes) membrane from. 2 new…
Prophase
Chromosomes coil up.... Nuclear (envlope) membrane disappears.... S…
Metaphase... (Middle)
Chromosomes line-up in the middle of the cell. Spindle fibers…
21 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction Vocabulary Nneka Iyegbu
Gamete
Somatic Cell
Sperm
Egg
Reproductive cells, such as eggs and sperm.
A type of body cell that contains a full set of chromosomes.…
A male reproductive cell.
A female reproductive cell.
Gamete
Reproductive cells, such as eggs and sperm.
Somatic Cell
A type of body cell that contains a full set of chromosomes.…
36 termscreated on January 20, 2017
biology ch 2
prototherians (monotremes)
metatherians (marsupials)
autosomal cells
germ cells
encase their developing embryos within hard shelled amniotic…
undergoes some development in the mothers uterus and then cli…
diploid (2n) which means that they contain two copies of each…
are haploid (n); containing only one copy of each chromosome
prototherians (monotremes)
encase their developing embryos within hard shelled amniotic…
metatherians (marsupials)
undergoes some development in the mothers uterus and then cli…
14 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Hierarchy of Life +
1
2
3
4
electron
atom
molecule
macromolecule
1
electron
2
atom
28 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Final S.1
Characteristics of Living Things
Proks Vs. Euks
Monomer
Polymer
- Obtain and use materials and energy... - respond to environmen…
Euk- has a nucleus... Prok- has no nucleus
One
Many
Characteristics of Living Things
- Obtain and use materials and energy... - respond to environmen…
Proks Vs. Euks
Euk- has a nucleus... Prok- has no nucleus
31 termscreated on January 20, 2017
biology 12.1 and 12.2
Fredrick Griffith
streptococcus pneumonia
s strain
polysaccaride
studied streptococcus pneumoniae to try and develop a vaccine
bacteria that causes pneumonia
smooth colonies, covered with a capsule
what is the capsule around the s strain made of?
Fredrick Griffith
studied streptococcus pneumoniae to try and develop a vaccine
streptococcus pneumonia
bacteria that causes pneumonia
15 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology Chapter 10
Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatids
The process of which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
Division of the cell nucleus. Makes 2 identical daughter cell…
Second stage, division of cytoplasm
Each chromosome is replicated, making 2 sister identical chro…
Cell Division
The process of which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
Mitosis
Division of the cell nucleus. Makes 2 identical daughter cell…
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