Study sets matching "biology 20 alberta capillary"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biology 20 alberta capillary"

9 terms
Biology 20 - Alberta
Biomes
Bioaccumulation
Pyramid of numbers
Infiltration
Grassland, desert, rainforest, temperate deciduos forest, shr…
Increased concentration of toxins at higher levels of the foo…
Tells you the number of organisms at each trophic level in an…
Water soaking into soil to become part of the water table.
Biomes
Grassland, desert, rainforest, temperate deciduos forest, shr…
Bioaccumulation
Increased concentration of toxins at higher levels of the foo…
33 terms
Alberta Biology 20 - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis converts 1 glucose molecule…
Glycolysis is a process that converts…
How many carbon molecules are in gluco…
What is chemical compound for glucose?
2
glucose
6
C6 H12 O6
Glycolysis converts 1 glucose molecule…
2
Glycolysis is a process that converts…
glucose
Biology 20 Final Exam (Alberta)
Neutrophils
Basophils
Eosinophils
Monocytes
White blood Cell (granulocyte), sphirical, multilobed nuceli,…
White Blood Cell (granulocyte), sphirical, lobed nuclei, irre…
White Blood Cell (granulocyte), sphirical, bilobed nuceli, gr…
White Blood Cell, Can leave blood stream, further specialize…
Neutrophils
White blood Cell (granulocyte), sphirical, multilobed nuceli,…
Basophils
White Blood Cell (granulocyte), sphirical, lobed nuclei, irre…
33 terms
Alberta Biology 20 - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis converts 1 glucose molecule…
Glycolysis is a process that converts…
How many carbon molecules are in gluco…
What is chemical compound for glucose?
2
glucose
6
C6 H12 O6
Glycolysis converts 1 glucose molecule…
2
Glycolysis is a process that converts…
glucose
Biology 20 Digestive System, Alberta
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Egestion
Intake of food
Breakdown of food
Transportation of nutrients into the bloodstream
Removal of waste
Ingestion
Intake of food
Digestion
Breakdown of food
Biology 20 Digestive System Vocab, Alberta
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Egestion
Intake of food
Breakdown of food
Transportation of nutrients into the bloodstream
Removal of waste
Ingestion
Intake of food
Digestion
Breakdown of food
13 terms
Biology 20: Capillary Fluid Exchange and Lymph
Precapillary sphincters
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
Filtration
Fluid pressure
Regulate movement of blood from arterioles into capillaries.…
Fluid between the cells and tissues.
Selective movement of material out of a capillary due to pres…
The pressure that forces fluid out of the capillary into the…
Precapillary sphincters
Regulate movement of blood from arterioles into capillaries.…
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
Fluid between the cells and tissues.
Biology 20 Chapter 9: The Excretory System Notes (Alberta, Canada Curriculum)
The Importance of Kidneys
• Many of the simple compounds can be…
• The liver then combines this ammonia…
Excretion of Wastes
• Our body's cells break down complex compounds into simpler…
• The liver removes an amine group from amine, forming ammonia
• The kidneys then filter the urea and uric acid from the blood
• Excretion is the process of separating wastes from the body…
The Importance of Kidneys
• Our body's cells break down complex compounds into simpler…
• Many of the simple compounds can be…
• The liver removes an amine group from amine, forming ammonia
Circulatory System Pt. II Biology20-1 (Capillary Fluid Exchange)
cardiac output
heart rate
stroke volume
heart rate stroke volume
____ _____ is the amount of blood that flows from the heart p…
what is measured in beats per minute
what is the volume of blood forced out of the heart by each m…
cardiac output= _ x _
cardiac output
____ _____ is the amount of blood that flows from the heart p…
heart rate
what is measured in beats per minute
Alberta Bio 20 AP Ecosystem terms
Dynamic Equilibrium
Biosphere
Biotic
Abiotic
Any system that constantly changes but, in which, the compone…
The narrow zone around Earth that supports living things
Any component of the atmosphere that is living
Any component of the atmosphere that is non-living
Dynamic Equilibrium
Any system that constantly changes but, in which, the compone…
Biosphere
The narrow zone around Earth that supports living things
40 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 8
Circulatory System
Atria (Atrium)
Ventricles
Septum
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
one of the two lower chambers of the heart; each ventricle re…
in the heart, the muscular wall that separates the two ventri…
Circulatory System
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
Atria (Atrium)
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
11 terms
Respiratory System [Alberta Bio 20]
Trachea
Epiglottis
Alveoli
Diaphragm
Windpipe
Flap of skin covering the trachea and esophagus
Air sacs in the lungs that are covered in capillaries
A muscle below the lungs that facilitates breathing
Trachea
Windpipe
Epiglottis
Flap of skin covering the trachea and esophagus
20.3 --> capillary exchange
capillary exchange
chemicals given off by capillary blood
chemicals taken up by capillary blood
3 routes for chemicals to pass through…
2-way flow of blood between capillary walls and surrounding t…
oxygen... glucose / nutreints... antibodies... hormones... water
CO2... waste ... nutrients, antibodies, hormones ... water
endothelial cell cytoplasm... intercellular clefts b/w endothel…
capillary exchange
2-way flow of blood between capillary walls and surrounding t…
chemicals given off by capillary blood
oxygen... glucose / nutreints... antibodies... hormones... water
40 terms
Biology 20 - Unit 3 - Chapter 8: Circulation and Immunity
Circulatory System
Atria (Atrium)
Ventricles
Septum
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
one of the two lower chambers of the heart; each ventricle re…
in the heart, the muscular wall that separates the two ventri…
Circulatory System
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
Atria (Atrium)
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
55 terms
Biology 20: Circulatory System
Artery
Pulse
Autonomic nervous system
Vasoconstriction
A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart.
A change in the diameter of the arteries due to an increase i…
Part of the nervous system that regulates the diameter of the…
Blood vessel narrows, less blood can flow to tissues.
Artery
A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart.
Pulse
A change in the diameter of the arteries due to an increase i…
Biology
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
X) cell wall
W) wing of a bat and the arm of a human
What type of cell is this?
What type of cell is this?
Which of the following is NOT a structure found in human cell…
Which of the following are homologous structures: ... W) wing of…
Plant Cell
What type of cell is this?
Animal Cell
What type of cell is this?
44 terms
Bio 20: B1 - Characteristics of Ecosystems
ecology
abiotic
biotic
ecotones
the study of the interations between living things and the bi…
non-living
living
the area where two ecosystems meet. Shares some of the charac…
ecology
the study of the interations between living things and the bi…
abiotic
non-living
45 terms
Unit B - Biology 20
Biomes
What are the four terrestrial biomes?
What are the two aquatic biomes in Can…
Taiga
A large geographical area... - temperature & precipitation range…
Tundra, Taiga, Grassland & Decidous forest
Freshwater (lake & pond)... Marine (salt water oceans)
- along the rockies... - adapted to warm moist summer & cold dry…
Biomes
A large geographical area... - temperature & precipitation range…
What are the four terrestrial biomes?
Tundra, Taiga, Grassland & Decidous forest
14 terms
Ch 20 Capillary Exchange
capillary exchange
blood hydrostatic pressure
colloid osmotic pressure
onotopic pressure
2 way movement of fluid across capillary walls
drives fluid out of capillary. high on arterial end, low on v…
draws fluid out of the capillary
net COP (Blood COP - Tissue COP)
capillary exchange
2 way movement of fluid across capillary walls
blood hydrostatic pressure
drives fluid out of capillary. high on arterial end, low on v…
10.4 Capillary Fluid Exchange
Fluid Pressure / Osmotic Pressure
1) Glucose... 2) Oxygen... 3) Ions
1) Carbon Dioxide ... 2) Waste products o…
1) Higher... 2) Water
Forces that regulates movement of water between blood in capi…
Diffusion gradient (capillaries to tissue fluids) includes, _…
Diffusion gradient ( tissue to capillaries) includes ________…
Due to the ________ blood pressure, __________ is forced out…
Fluid Pressure / Osmotic Pressure
Forces that regulates movement of water between blood in capi…
1) Glucose... 2) Oxygen... 3) Ions
Diffusion gradient (capillaries to tissue fluids) includes, _…
40 terms
Biology 20: Excretory System
Deamination
Urea
Uric Acid
Ureter
Removal of an amino group transforming a protein into a carbo…
Nitrogen waste that is less toxic to us in comparison to ammo…
Waste product formed from the breakdown of nucleic acids
A tube that conducts urine from the kidney to the bladder
Deamination
Removal of an amino group transforming a protein into a carbo…
Urea
Nitrogen waste that is less toxic to us in comparison to ammo…
40 terms
Biology 20 Unit D Chapter 10
Transports, carries, defend, heat
Arteries, arterioles, veins and capill…
Arteries
Arteriole
3 Main Function:... 1) _____________ gases, food, wastes and hor…
All blood vessels include:
This blood vessel carries blood away from the heart, and can…
This blood vessel is branched off from arteries and connects…
Transports, carries, defend, heat
3 Main Function:... 1) _____________ gases, food, wastes and hor…
Arteries, arterioles, veins and capill…
All blood vessels include:
31 terms
Biology 20: Circulatory system
Main functions of the circulatory syst…
The heart.
Blood vessels
The blood.
1. transport gases.... 2. regulate body temperature.... 3. protect…
Organ that pumps blood though out the body.
Serves as the road ways though which the blood moves.
Carries nutrients, O2, CO2, water, wastes and other materials…
Main functions of the circulatory syst…
1. transport gases.... 2. regulate body temperature.... 3. protect…
The heart.
Organ that pumps blood though out the body.
Bio20 UD Excretory System
Nephron
Glomerulus
Bowman's capsule
Kidney
The unit in the kidney that filters blood.
A ball of capillaries surrounded by Bowman's capsule in the n…
Cup-shaped structure of the nephron of a kidney which enclose…
One of the pair of organs that filter water and wastes from t…
Nephron
The unit in the kidney that filters blood.
Glomerulus
A ball of capillaries surrounded by Bowman's capsule in the n…
72 terms
Bio 20: Circulatory System
Circulatory System
Two Major Pathways of the Heart
Pulmonary System
Systemic System
Composed of the heart, blood vessels, and blood
Pulmonary System and Systemic System
The right side of the heart pumps blood out to the lungs and…
The left side of the heart pumps blood out to all parts of th…
Circulatory System
Composed of the heart, blood vessels, and blood
Two Major Pathways of the Heart
Pulmonary System and Systemic System
19 terms
Biology 20 Chapter 8.4
Duodenum
Villi
Microvilli
Capillary
The first segment of the small intestine
Small, fingerlike projections that extend into the small inte…
Microscopic, fingerlike projections of the cell membrane
A blood vessel that connects arteries and veins; the site of…
Duodenum
The first segment of the small intestine
Villi
Small, fingerlike projections that extend into the small inte…
25 terms
Capillary Exchange
diffusion of substances between capill…
routes of capillary exchange across en…
mechanisms of capillary exchange
characteristics of diffusion capillary…
capillary exchange
-intercellular clefts... -fenestrations (kidneys only)... -through…
-diffusion... -transcytosis... -filtration and reabsorption
-most important mechanism... -based on concentration gradients... -…
diffusion of substances between capill…
capillary exchange
routes of capillary exchange across en…
-intercellular clefts... -fenestrations (kidneys only)... -through…
6 terms
BIO2 Kidney 20
Kidney
I.Kidney's info
II.Kidney's structure... - each region ha…
III.Structure of Nephron... A. Bowman's c…
I.General information... II.Kidney's structure... III.Structure of…
A.Bean-shaped ... B.Nephrons... 1.Tubules... 2.Producing urine... C.Fun…
A.Renal cortex 15%... 1.a granular region that contains most reg…
A.Glomerulus -inside capsule (Glomerular capsule)... 1.Glomerula…
Kidney
I.General information... II.Kidney's structure... III.Structure of…
I.Kidney's info
A.Bean-shaped ... B.Nephrons... 1.Tubules... 2.Producing urine... C.Fun…
55 terms
Biology 20: Circulatory System
Artery
Pulse
Autonomic nervous system
Vasoconstriction
A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart.
A change in the diameter of the arteries due to an increase i…
Part of the nervous system that regulates the diameter of the…
Blood vessel narrows, less blood can flow to tissues.
Artery
A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart.
Pulse
A change in the diameter of the arteries due to an increase i…
59 terms
Alberta AP Bio 20 Unit D Circulatory
Functions of the circulatory system
Superior
Inferior
Artery
Transportation of nutrients/oxygen, immunity, heat
Above
Below
Away from heart, thick and stretchy, under high pressure
Functions of the circulatory system
Transportation of nutrients/oxygen, immunity, heat
Superior
Above
47 terms
Bio 20 Heart Stuff
artery
pulse
autonomic
atherosclerosis
blood pumped away from heart
change in artery diameter
controls the nervous system, not conscious controls
degeneration of the vessels by fat accumulation
artery
blood pumped away from heart
pulse
change in artery diameter
Biology 20 - circulation
arteries
veins
arterioles
venules
vessels that carry blood away from the heart
vessels that carry blood toward the heart
smaller branched arteries
smaller branched veins
arteries
vessels that carry blood away from the heart
veins
vessels that carry blood toward the heart
Capillary Filtration
Blood Pressure (Hydrostatic Pressure)
Colloid Osmotic Pressure (COP)
albumin
Oncotic Pressure (draws water back INT…
drives fluid out of capillaries/higher at arterial end & lowe…
draws some fluid back INTO the capillary
COP results from concentration in the blood of large plasma p…
the net osmotic pressure and is the between COP of the blood…
Blood Pressure (Hydrostatic Pressure)
drives fluid out of capillaries/higher at arterial end & lowe…
Colloid Osmotic Pressure (COP)
draws some fluid back INTO the capillary
68 terms
Biology 20 unit 2
Ecosystem
Ecotones
Ecosystems and biodiversity
Ecological niche
Is a community including its physical and chemical environmen…
Organisms can move back and forth from one ecosystem to anoth…
Ecosystems with greater biodiversity tend to be less fragile.…
Each organism has its own place within an ecosystem. An ecolo…
Ecosystem
Is a community including its physical and chemical environmen…
Ecotones
Organisms can move back and forth from one ecosystem to anoth…
28 terms
Biology Respiratory System Review
pulmonary ventilation
alveoli
external exchange of gases
hemoglobin
exchange of air between the atmosphere and alveoli
tiny air sacs in the lungs that exchange gases within the lun…
carbon dioxide will diffuse out of blood during the phase of...
most oxygen in the blood is carried bound to _____________
pulmonary ventilation
exchange of air between the atmosphere and alveoli
alveoli
tiny air sacs in the lungs that exchange gases within the lun…
15 terms
Blood Flow
arteries
arterioles
capillaries
venules
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Blood vessels that are smaller branches off of arteries.
Microscopic vessel through which exchanges take place between…
small veins that connect capillaries to the larger veins
arteries
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
arterioles
Blood vessels that are smaller branches off of arteries.
59 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 42
Closed circulatory system
Capillary beds
Cardiac cycle
Sytole
Blood is confined to vessels and separate from interstitial f…
Networks of capilaries where chemical exchange between the bl…
Rhythmic contraction and relaxation of the heart
contraction of the heart
Closed circulatory system
Blood is confined to vessels and separate from interstitial f…
Capillary beds
Networks of capilaries where chemical exchange between the bl…
21 terms
IB Biology Topic 6.2 The blood system
Ventricle
Atria
Pulmonary Circuit
Systemic Circuit
thick walled muscular pump that builds up enough pressure to…
each side of heart has collection chamber for blood that is m…
From right side of heart, pumps along route to lung
from left side of heart, pumps blood around body
Ventricle
thick walled muscular pump that builds up enough pressure to…
Atria
each side of heart has collection chamber for blood that is m…
88 terms
Bio 20: Respiration and Motor System
Breathing
Diaphragm and Intercostals Muscles
Supplies the body with O2 so ATP can b…
Respiration
The process that brings O2 into the lungs and expels CO2
What structures does breathing use in order to function?
What does breathing supply the body with? Why?
The process by which O2 is obtained from the environment and…
Breathing
The process that brings O2 into the lungs and expels CO2
Diaphragm and Intercostals Muscles
What structures does breathing use in order to function?
35 terms
bio1040 | Ch. 20
anatomy
physiology
tissue
organ
the study of the form of an organism's structure
the study of the functions of an organisms structures
an integrated group of similar cells that perform a common fu…
made up of two or more types of tissues that together perform…
anatomy
the study of the form of an organism's structure
physiology
the study of the functions of an organisms structures
Biology Ch 20
Physiology
Histology
connective tissue
epithelial tissue
The science dealing with the processes and activities that oc…
The study of tissue
Tissue that supports, connects and protects other structures…
Tissue composed of layers of cells that line external surface…
Physiology
The science dealing with the processes and activities that oc…
Histology
The study of tissue
53 terms
Biology 20: Chapter 8
Aorta
Atria
Artery
Atrioventricular Node
Major artery that carries oxygenated blood away from the hear…
One of 2 upper chambers of the heart that collect's blood flo…
Blood vessel that carries oxygen rich blood away from the heart
Bundle of specialized muscle located in the wall of the right…
Aorta
Major artery that carries oxygenated blood away from the hear…
Atria
One of 2 upper chambers of the heart that collect's blood flo…
58 terms
Bio 20: Excretory System
Why must the body get rid of waste pro…
3 methods in which the body removes wa…
What does skin dispose of?
What do the lungs dispose of?
It will poison itself
Skin, Lungs, Kidneys
Water, Salt, Minerals, Heat
CO2
Why must the body get rid of waste pro…
It will poison itself
3 methods in which the body removes wa…
Skin, Lungs, Kidneys
The Circulatory System
Superior Vena Cava
Inferior Vena Cava
Tricuspid (Right AV) Valve
Right Ventricle
On the right side of the heart what is letter "A" ?
On the right side of the heart what is letter "G" ?
On the right side of the heart what is letter "E" ?
On the right side of the heart what is letter "F" ?
Superior Vena Cava
On the right side of the heart what is letter "A" ?
Inferior Vena Cava
On the right side of the heart what is letter "G" ?
68 terms
Digestive System - Bio 133
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
5 steps of digestion
lumen
Part of digestion that uses movement and muscles to break dow…
Enzymes break down macromolecules into smaller molecules that…
ingestion, digestion, movement, absorption, elimination
A cavity or passage in a tubular organ
mechanical digestion
Part of digestion that uses movement and muscles to break dow…
chemical digestion
Enzymes break down macromolecules into smaller molecules that…
52 terms
Biology 20 - Chapter 8.4 - Digestive system
small intestines
7m, 2.5cm
herbivores, plants
Three parts
Most chemical digestion happens in the _____________ ________…
The small intestine is up to ______ long but only _____ in di…
_____________ have longer intestine because _____________ are…
The small intestine is divided into ______ _______.
small intestines
Most chemical digestion happens in the _____________ ________…
7m, 2.5cm
The small intestine is up to ______ long but only _____ in di…
136 terms
BIO 7, 8, 20
lymphatic system
pathogens
lymph
lymphatic organs
works in the production, maintenance, and distribution of lym…
agent that can cause a disease
fluid inside lymphatic vessels
divided into two categories: primary & secondary
lymphatic system
works in the production, maintenance, and distribution of lym…
pathogens
agent that can cause a disease
Unit C:Ecosystems and population change Part 1
what limits aquatic ecosystems?
ecotone
biome
problems with Exotic species ( Invasiv…
1.chemical-nutrients, gases, pollutants... 2. temperature & sunl…
A transition area between ecosystems.
A large geographical area with a specific range of temperatur…
-no natural predators... -often do better in the region where th…
what limits aquatic ecosystems?
1.chemical-nutrients, gases, pollutants... 2. temperature & sunl…
ecotone
A transition area between ecosystems.
Bio 20-1 Unit C: Ecosystem and Population Change
Ecology
Biodiversity
Ecotones
Niche
The study of interaction between organism and their living an…
The number of different species in an area
A transition area between ecosystems
An organisms role in an ecosystem
Ecology
The study of interaction between organism and their living an…
Biodiversity
The number of different species in an area
6 terms
Excretory System Bio 20
Factors of glomerular filtration (2)
Composition of filtrate
ADH (antidiuretic hormone)
Aldosterone
4x higher blood pressure ... Permeability of capillaries in glom…
Water, glucose, Na+, Cl-, urea
Hormone that causes:... •Increase in permeability of distal tubu…
Hormone that causes tubules to retain Na+ and H2O... Increases b…
Factors of glomerular filtration (2)
4x higher blood pressure ... Permeability of capillaries in glom…
Composition of filtrate
Water, glucose, Na+, Cl-, urea
1 of 10