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Study sets matching "biology 20 alberta components"

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Study sets matching "biology 20 alberta components"

9 terms
Biology 20 - Alberta
Biomes
Bioaccumulation
Pyramid of numbers
Infiltration
Grassland, desert, rainforest, temperate deciduos forest, shr…
Increased concentration of toxins at higher levels of the foo…
Tells you the number of organisms at each trophic level in an…
Water soaking into soil to become part of the water table.
Biomes
Grassland, desert, rainforest, temperate deciduos forest, shr…
Bioaccumulation
Increased concentration of toxins at higher levels of the foo…
33 terms
Alberta Biology 20 - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis converts 1 glucose molecule…
Glycolysis is a process that converts…
How many carbon molecules are in gluco…
What is chemical compound for glucose?
2
glucose
6
C6 H12 O6
Glycolysis converts 1 glucose molecule…
2
Glycolysis is a process that converts…
glucose
294 terms
Biology 20 Final Exam (Alberta)
Neutrophils
Basophils
Eosinophils
Monocytes
White blood Cell (granulocyte), sphirical, multilobed nuceli,…
White Blood Cell (granulocyte), sphirical, lobed nuclei, irre…
White Blood Cell (granulocyte), sphirical, bilobed nuceli, gr…
White Blood Cell, Can leave blood stream, further specialize…
Neutrophils
White blood Cell (granulocyte), sphirical, multilobed nuceli,…
Basophils
White Blood Cell (granulocyte), sphirical, lobed nuclei, irre…
33 terms
Alberta Biology 20 - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis converts 1 glucose molecule…
Glycolysis is a process that converts…
How many carbon molecules are in gluco…
What is chemical compound for glucose?
2
glucose
6
C6 H12 O6
Glycolysis converts 1 glucose molecule…
2
Glycolysis is a process that converts…
glucose
36 terms
Biology 20 Digestive System, Alberta
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Egestion
Intake of food
Breakdown of food
Transportation of nutrients into the bloodstream
Removal of waste
Ingestion
Intake of food
Digestion
Breakdown of food
36 terms
Biology 20 Digestive System Vocab, Alberta
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Egestion
Intake of food
Breakdown of food
Transportation of nutrients into the bloodstream
Removal of waste
Ingestion
Intake of food
Digestion
Breakdown of food
59 terms
Biology 20 Chapter 9: The Excretory System Notes (Alberta, Canada Curriculum)
The Importance of Kidneys
• Many of the simple compounds can be…
• The liver then combines this ammonia…
Excretion of Wastes
• Our body's cells break down complex compounds into simpler…
• The liver removes an amine group from amine, forming ammonia
• The kidneys then filter the urea and uric acid from the blood
• Excretion is the process of separating wastes from the body…
The Importance of Kidneys
• Our body's cells break down complex compounds into simpler…
• Many of the simple compounds can be…
• The liver removes an amine group from amine, forming ammonia
40 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 8
Circulatory System
Atria (Atrium)
Ventricles
Septum
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
one of the two lower chambers of the heart; each ventricle re…
in the heart, the muscular wall that separates the two ventri…
Circulatory System
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
Atria (Atrium)
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
47 terms
Alberta Bio 20 AP Ecosystem terms
Dynamic Equilibrium
Biosphere
Biotic
Abiotic
Any system that constantly changes but, in which, the compone…
The narrow zone around Earth that supports living things
Any component of the atmosphere that is living
Any component of the atmosphere that is non-living
Dynamic Equilibrium
Any system that constantly changes but, in which, the compone…
Biosphere
The narrow zone around Earth that supports living things
40 terms
Biology 20 - Unit 3 - Chapter 8: Circulation and Immunity
Circulatory System
Atria (Atrium)
Ventricles
Septum
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
one of the two lower chambers of the heart; each ventricle re…
in the heart, the muscular wall that separates the two ventri…
Circulatory System
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
Atria (Atrium)
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
15 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 2
Biogeochemical Cycles
Hydrologic Cycles
Polar
Hydrogen Bond
cyclical taken by water and other chemical nutrients through…
cycle of evaporation and condensation of water that determine…
refers to a molecules with uneven charge distribution
weak bond that involves sharing and electron between a slight…
Biogeochemical Cycles
cyclical taken by water and other chemical nutrients through…
Hydrologic Cycles
cycle of evaporation and condensation of water that determine…
15 terms
Biology 20 - Unit 1 - Chapter 2
Biogeochemical Cycles
Hydrologic Cycles
Polar
Hydrogen Bond
cyclical taken by water and other chemical nutrients through…
cycle of evaporation and condensation of water that determine…
refers to a molecules with uneven charge distribution
weak bond that involves sharing and electron between a slight…
Biogeochemical Cycles
cyclical taken by water and other chemical nutrients through…
Hydrologic Cycles
cycle of evaporation and condensation of water that determine…
17 terms
Bio 20 Cell Biology and Mitosis
Active transport
Osmosis
Cytosol
Phagocytosis
movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a region of…
pontaneous net movement of solvent molecules through a semi-p…
the aqueous component of the cytoplasm of a cell, within whic…
process by which a cell—often a phagocyte or a protist—engulf…
Active transport
movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a region of…
Osmosis
pontaneous net movement of solvent molecules through a semi-p…
28 terms
Biology Section 2.2: Biomolecules
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
Carbohydrate
a large molecule composed of smaller molecules joined together
a large molecule composed of similar subunits joined via cova…
a small subunit that composes polymers
a sugar composed of monosaccharides, disaccharides, or polysa…
Macromolecule
a large molecule composed of smaller molecules joined together
Polymer
a large molecule composed of similar subunits joined via cova…
11 terms
Bio 20 Chapter 10
Actin
Atrophy
Calcium
Fatigue
protein that, along with myosin, is the chief component of mu…
:reduction of size, tone, and power of the muscle.
:the active pumping of _____ ions into the sarcoplasmic retic…
:the decline in ability of a muscle to generate force.
Actin
protein that, along with myosin, is the chief component of mu…
Atrophy
:reduction of size, tone, and power of the muscle.
44 terms
Bio 20: B1 - Characteristics of Ecosystems
ecology
abiotic
biotic
ecotones
the study of the interations between living things and the bi…
non-living
living
the area where two ecosystems meet. Shares some of the charac…
ecology
the study of the interations between living things and the bi…
abiotic
non-living
19 terms
Bio 20: A1 The biosphere
biotic
abiotic
Biosphere
dynamic equilibrium
the living components of a system
non-living components of a system
the narrow zone around the earth that harbours life
a constantly changing system that maintains a relative balanc…
biotic
the living components of a system
abiotic
non-living components of a system
20 terms
IGCSE Biology - Chapter 20 Organisms and their Environment
Ecology
Habitat
Population
Community
Study of interactions among living things and their surroundi…
The place where an organism lives
A group of organisms of one species interacting together in a…
All of the populations of different species in an ecosystem.
Ecology
Study of interactions among living things and their surroundi…
Habitat
The place where an organism lives
34 terms
Bio 20 unit 1 - energy and matter exchange in the biosphere
Open system
First law of thermodynamics
Cellular respiration
Photosynthesis
Exchange of both matter and energy
Energy can't be created or destroyed it can only change form
C6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
Energy + 6H2O + 6CO2 -> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Open system
Exchange of both matter and energy
First law of thermodynamics
Energy can't be created or destroyed it can only change form
106 terms
Biology 20 Review
Active site 🏃
Anemia
NADH
NAD+
The area with an enzyme that combines with the substrate
The reduction in blood oxygen due to low levels of hemoglobin…
An electron carrier donates electrons in cellular processes
An electron carrier, accepts electrons in cellular processes
Active site 🏃
The area with an enzyme that combines with the substrate
Anemia
The reduction in blood oxygen due to low levels of hemoglobin…
6 terms
Bio 20 - Section 2.1
biogeochemical cycles
hydrologic cycle
polar
hydrogen bond
the cyclical route taken by water and other chemical nutrient…
cycle of evaporation and condensation of water that determine…
refers to a molecule with uneven charge distribution
weak bond the hydrogen atom that involves sharing an electron…
biogeochemical cycles
the cyclical route taken by water and other chemical nutrient…
hydrologic cycle
cycle of evaporation and condensation of water that determine…
21 terms
Biology 20 Unit D Chapter 11
nutrients, oxygen, water, antibodies,…
Cells, cell fragments and plasma.
bone marrow
Plasma
Functions of blood:... - ___________ digested and absorbed by sm…
What is blood made of?
All types of blood cells originate from stem cells in _______…
This component of blood makes up 55% of blood volume and is t…
nutrients, oxygen, water, antibodies,…
Functions of blood:... - ___________ digested and absorbed by sm…
Cells, cell fragments and plasma.
What is blood made of?
157 terms
Biology 20 Unit 2 Exam
Ecology
Biotic
Abiotic
Limiting Factor
the study of interactions between organisms and their environ…
Living or biological components. Examples: trees, people, ani…
Nonliving components such as rocks, water, and minerals. Or p…
Any resource or condition that limits the success, distributi…
Ecology
the study of interactions between organisms and their environ…
Biotic
Living or biological components. Examples: trees, people, ani…
22 terms
Biological Molecules
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Monomer
Polymer
Attracts water molecules
Avoids water molecules
A chemical part that serves as a building block of a polymer
A compound consisting of repeated linked monomers.
Hydrophilic
Attracts water molecules
Hydrophobic
Avoids water molecules
48 terms
IB Bio: Option A.1 Components of the human diet
Nutrient
Essential nutrients in the diet
Essential nutrients
What do proteins do?
A chemical substance found in foods that is used by the human…
amino acids, fatty acids, minerals, vitamins, water.
those that cannot be synthesised by the body.
supply the amino acids required to build proteins.
Nutrient
A chemical substance found in foods that is used by the human…
Essential nutrients in the diet
amino acids, fatty acids, minerals, vitamins, water.
25 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Atom
Cohesion
Element
Adhesion
Is the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by…
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Atom
Is the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by…
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
19 terms
Biology 20 Chapter 8.4
Duodenum
Villi
Microvilli
Capillary
The first segment of the small intestine
Small, fingerlike projections that extend into the small inte…
Microscopic, fingerlike projections of the cell membrane
A blood vessel that connects arteries and veins; the site of…
Duodenum
The first segment of the small intestine
Villi
Small, fingerlike projections that extend into the small inte…
99 terms
Final Biology 20
Erythrocytes
Plasma
Makes up about 55% of human blood
Makes up about 44% of human blood
Another name for red blood cells (RBC)
Fluid portion of blood
Plasma
Erythrocytes/RBC
Erythrocytes
Another name for red blood cells (RBC)
Plasma
Fluid portion of blood
196 terms
Bio 20 terminology
Organic molecules
Inorganic molecules
Polarity
Hydrogen bond
Carbon based molecules
Not carbon based molecules
Has a negative and positive end
Bond formed between a hydrogen cation and oxygen anion of two…
Organic molecules
Carbon based molecules
Inorganic molecules
Not carbon based molecules
34 terms
Alberta Biology 30: Nervous System
What are the two divisions of the nerv…
What are the two components of the cen…
What two pathways can the peripheral n…
What is the difference between the som…
central & peripheral
brain & spinal cord
sensory & motor
somatic = voluntary control ... autonomic = involuntary control…
What are the two divisions of the nerv…
central & peripheral
What are the two components of the cen…
brain & spinal cord
14 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
Carbon molecules combined with water.
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
Large molecule made up of repeating smaller molecules (monome…
The monomer unit of carbohydrates.
carbohydrate
Carbon molecules combined with water.
monomer
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
25 terms
Unit A - Biology 20 KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
biogeochemical cycles
hydrologic cycle
polar
hydrogen bond
the cyclical route taken by water and other chemical nutrient…
cycle of evaporation and condensation of water that determine…
refers to a molecule with uneven charge distribution
a weak bond that involves sharing an electron bond between a…
biogeochemical cycles
the cyclical route taken by water and other chemical nutrient…
hydrologic cycle
cycle of evaporation and condensation of water that determine…
49 terms
Alberta Biology 30: Reproduction & Development
What is the difference between primary…
What is the process of creating a zygo…
What kinds of sex chromosomes can a sp…
What is the function of the scrotum?
primary = direct role in reproduction (gonads)... secondary = fe…
fertilization; 46 chromosomes
sperm = X or Y... egg = only X
highly elastic skin; holds testes outside of body for optimal…
What is the difference between primary…
primary = direct role in reproduction (gonads)... secondary = fe…
What is the process of creating a zygo…
fertilization; 46 chromosomes
5 terms
Human Systems
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Respiratory system
Nervous system
Transports blood, nutrients, gases, and metabolic wastes.
Breaks down food into chemical components that are small enou…
Delivers oxygen to blood and removes carbon dioxide from cells
detects, interprets and responds to stimuli from outside and…
Circulatory system
Transports blood, nutrients, gases, and metabolic wastes.
Digestive system
Breaks down food into chemical components that are small enou…
25 terms
Biology 20: Immune System
Plasma
Erythrocyte
Hemoglobin
Anemia
The fluid portion of the blood.
A red blood cell that contains hemoglobin and carries oxygen.…
A protein containing four heme subunits that can bind oxygen.
The reduction in blood oxygen due to low levels of hemoglobin…
Plasma
The fluid portion of the blood.
Erythrocyte
A red blood cell that contains hemoglobin and carries oxygen.…
25 terms
AP Biology 20 - Biotechnology
Bacterial Artificial Chromosome (BAC)
Biotechnology
cDNA Library
Cloning Vector
A large plasmid that acts as a bacterial chromosome and can c…
The manipulation of organisms or their components to produce…
A gene library containing clones that carry complementary DNA…
In genetic engineering, a DNA molecule that can carry foreign…
Bacterial Artificial Chromosome (BAC)
A large plasmid that acts as a bacterial chromosome and can c…
Biotechnology
The manipulation of organisms or their components to produce…
34 terms
5 - Photosynthesis / Cellular Respiration / Transport
Selective Permeability
Lipid Bilayer
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
Movement of molecules through cell membrane that does NOT req…
Movement of molecules that requires ENERGY
Selective Permeability
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Lipid Bilayer
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
61 terms
Bio 20 Ecology
Ecology
Ecosystem
Biotic components
Abiotic components
Relationships and interactions between various organisms an t…
A community and its physical and chemical environment.
The biological or living components of the biosphere.
The nonlivingcomponents of the biosphere.... They include chemic…
Ecology
Relationships and interactions between various organisms an t…
Ecosystem
A community and its physical and chemical environment.
142 terms
Endocrine System ch. 20
endocrine system
pancreas
what are the endocrine organs
endocrine glands
help your body achieve homeostasis... uses hormones as chemical…
secreted the hormone insulin into the bloodstream to stimulat…
glands
ductless organs... secrete their molecular products directly int…
endocrine system
help your body achieve homeostasis... uses hormones as chemical…
pancreas
secreted the hormone insulin into the bloodstream to stimulat…
51 terms
Praxis Biology
Polypeptide
Codons
Covalent Bonds
Ionic Bond
From Greek: Digested. Short polymers of amino acid momomers l…
A three-nucleotide sequence of DNA or mRNA that specifies a p…
a type of strong chemical bond in which two atoms share one p…
a chemical bond in which one atom loses an electron to form a…
Polypeptide
From Greek: Digested. Short polymers of amino acid momomers l…
Codons
A three-nucleotide sequence of DNA or mRNA that specifies a p…
16 terms
Ecology: Biogeochemical Cycles
evaporation
transpiration
condensation
precipitation
(water cycle) the process by which water changes from a liqui…
(water cycle) evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
(water cycle) the process by which water changes from a gas t…
(water cycle) any form of water that falls from clouds and re…
evaporation
(water cycle) the process by which water changes from a liqui…
transpiration
(water cycle) evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
47 terms
Chapter 18 & 20 (AP Bio)
Operon
Promotor
Regulatory Gene
Repressor
A stretch of DNA consisting of an operator, a promoter, and g…
A specific nucleotide sequence in DNA that binds RNA polymera…
Codes for a protein, such as a repressor, that controls the t…
A protein that inhibits gene transcription. In prokaryotes, t…
Operon
A stretch of DNA consisting of an operator, a promoter, and g…
Promotor
A specific nucleotide sequence in DNA that binds RNA polymera…
61 terms
Biochemistry
acid
base
ADP
ATP
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
A substance that decreases the hydrogen ion concentration in…
(Adenosine Diphosphate) The compound that remains when a phos…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
acid
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
base
A substance that decreases the hydrogen ion concentration in…
36 terms
KHS Biomolecules Unit 2
Low pH
High pH
Buffer
Organic
High concentration of H+ ions (low OH-). Acid
High concentration of OH- ions (low H+). Base
A solution that resists large changes in pH.
Describes molecules containing carbon.
Low pH
High concentration of H+ ions (low OH-). Acid
High pH
High concentration of OH- ions (low H+). Base
24 terms
Bio 20 - 8.1 Terms
Nutrient
Carbohydrate
Polymer
Monosaccharide
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, repair itsel…
Macromolecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a…
A molecule composed of three or more subunits.
A single sugar unit.
Nutrient
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, repair itsel…
Carbohydrate
Macromolecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a…
29 terms
Bio20 UB Ch. 3
Littoral zone
Limnetic zone
Benthic zone
Profundal zone
A shallow zone in a freshwater habitat where light reaches th…
Area in a freshwater habitat away from the shore but still cl…
Bottom of an aquatic ecosystem; consists of sand and sediment…
The deep, open water where it is too dark for photosynthesis…
Littoral zone
A shallow zone in a freshwater habitat where light reaches th…
Limnetic zone
Area in a freshwater habitat away from the shore but still cl…
28 terms
Ecosystems and population change Part 1
what limits aquatic ecosystems?
ecotone
biome
problems with Exotic species ( Invasiv…
1.chemical-nutrients, gases, pollutants... 2. temperature & sunl…
A transition area between ecosystems.
A large geographical area with a specific range of temperatur…
-no natural predators... -often do better in the region where th…
what limits aquatic ecosystems?
1.chemical-nutrients, gases, pollutants... 2. temperature & sunl…
ecotone
A transition area between ecosystems.
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
12 terms
Edexcel B2: Topic 1d: The building blocks of cells, Protein Manufacture
Genetic Code
Amino acid
Protein Synthesis
Transcription
The order of bases on a DNA strand.
The component of protein. There are 20 different types in hum…
When amino acids are brought together to form chains of prote…
The first process in making a protein. DNA unzips and one sid…
Genetic Code
The order of bases on a DNA strand.
Amino acid
The component of protein. There are 20 different types in hum…
102 terms
Biology EOC vocabulary
Abiotic factor
Activation energy
Active transport
Aerobic respiration
"Any nonliving component of an ecosystem (e.g., sunlight, air…
The kinetic energy required to initiate a chemical reaction
The movement of a substance across a plasma (cell) membrane a…
Growing or metabolizing only in the presence of molecular oxy…
Abiotic factor
"Any nonliving component of an ecosystem (e.g., sunlight, air…
Activation energy
The kinetic energy required to initiate a chemical reaction
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