How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "biology 20"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biology 20"

11 terms
Biology 20 - Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
Reduction
Oxidation
Chemiosmosis
A process used by plants, and other organisms, that creates s…
A process that involves a complete or partial gain of electro…
The loss of electrons from a substance involved in a redox re…
Process by which a Hydrogen pump pumps protons into the thyla…
Photosynthesis
A process used by plants, and other organisms, that creates s…
Reduction
A process that involves a complete or partial gain of electro…
40 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 8
Circulatory System
Atria (Atrium)
Ventricles
Septum
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
one of the two lower chambers of the heart; each ventricle re…
in the heart, the muscular wall that separates the two ventri…
Circulatory System
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
Atria (Atrium)
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
44 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 6
Macromolecules
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Carbohydrate
a large, complex assembly of organic molecules; 4 categories…
chemical reaction that results in the formation of a covalent…
chemical reaction in which the addition of a water molecule c…
organic macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxy…
Macromolecules
a large, complex assembly of organic molecules; 4 categories…
Dehydration Synthesis
chemical reaction that results in the formation of a covalent…
34 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 7
Respiratory System
Nasal Passages
Pharynx
Epiglottis
in animals, system responsible for gas exchange (bringing oxy…
passage from the nostrils to the back of the throat through w…
structure located just behind the mouth that connects the mou…
in mammals, flap of cartilage located over the entrance of th…
Respiratory System
in animals, system responsible for gas exchange (bringing oxy…
Nasal Passages
passage from the nostrils to the back of the throat through w…
118 terms
Biology Chpater 19-20
Name the 8 levels of classification fr…
How do you correctly write a species n…
Name the three domains of life
What are the main differences between…
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, class, order, family, genus, species.
genus, species. ... so people can understand them in different…
bacteria, eukarya, archaea
prokaryotic cells don't have a nucleus, eukaryotic cells do.…
Name the 8 levels of classification fr…
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, class, order, family, genus, species.
How do you correctly write a species n…
genus, species. ... so people can understand them in different…
7 terms
Biology 20 - Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Kreb's Cycle
Electron Transport Chain
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
A chemical cycle that completes the metabolic breakdown of gl…
A sequence of electron carrier molecules (membrane proteins)…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Glycolysis
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
65 terms
Biology 20: Digestive System
Salivary Glands
Bolus
Peristalsis
Enzyme
Accessory organs near the mouth that produce salivary amylase…
A term to describe the ball of food that is formed in the mou…
The rhythmic muscular contractions that move food throughout…
A protein that performs reactions throughout the body
Salivary Glands
Accessory organs near the mouth that produce salivary amylase…
Bolus
A term to describe the ball of food that is formed in the mou…
55 terms
Biology 20: Circulatory System
Artery
Pulse
Autonomic nervous system
Vasoconstriction
A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart.
A change in the diameter of the arteries due to an increase i…
Part of the nervous system that regulates the diameter of the…
Blood vessel narrows, less blood can flow to tissues.
Artery
A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart.
Pulse
A change in the diameter of the arteries due to an increase i…
48 terms
Biology 20: Respiratory System
Nasal cavity
Pharynx
Cilia
Mucous
A space where air can enter the respiratory tract; warms and…
An air filled chamber at the back of the mouth that is shared…
Tiny hair-like structures that sweep away foreign debris.
A protective, lubricating substance.
Nasal cavity
A space where air can enter the respiratory tract; warms and…
Pharynx
An air filled chamber at the back of the mouth that is shared…
15 terms
Biology 20: Human systems
Cardiac muscle
Smooth muscle
Skeletal muscle
Striated muscle
found in the walls of the heart
in the walls of internal organs and blood vessels (stomach, i…
attached to tendon/bone and forms the basic machinery for mus…
organized arrangements of contractile proteins that are marke…
Cardiac muscle
found in the walls of the heart
Smooth muscle
in the walls of internal organs and blood vessels (stomach, i…
44 terms
Biology 20 - Unit 3 - Chapter 6: Digestion
Macromolecules
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Carbohydrate
a large, complex assembly of organic molecules; 4 categories…
chemical reaction that results in the formation of a covalent…
chemical reaction in which the addition of a water molecule c…
organic macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxy…
Macromolecules
a large, complex assembly of organic molecules; 4 categories…
Dehydration Synthesis
chemical reaction that results in the formation of a covalent…
88 terms
Biology 20 - Ecology and Evolution
Heterotroph
First law of Thermodynamics
Ecosystem
Cellular respiration
An organism that cannot produce its own food.
Energy can not be created or destroyed, only converted from o…
Made up of all of the organisms that live in an area and the…
The energy required to allow organisms to grow and reproduce…
Heterotroph
An organism that cannot produce its own food.
First law of Thermodynamics
Energy can not be created or destroyed, only converted from o…
34 terms
Biology 20 - Unit 3 - Chapter 7: Respiration
Respiratory System
Nasal Passages
Pharynx
Epiglottis
in animals, system responsible for gas exchange (bringing oxy…
passage from the nostrils to the back of the throat through w…
structure located just behind the mouth that connects the mou…
in mammals, flap of cartilage located over the entrance of th…
Respiratory System
in animals, system responsible for gas exchange (bringing oxy…
Nasal Passages
passage from the nostrils to the back of the throat through w…
41 terms
Biology Ch 19&20 vocab
prokaryote
eubacteria
archaebacteria
bacilli
cell without a nucleus
kingdomof prokaryotes that contains peptidoglycan
kingdom of prokaryotes that lack peptidoglycan
rod shaped prokaryotes
prokaryote
cell without a nucleus
eubacteria
kingdomof prokaryotes that contains peptidoglycan
13 terms
Biology 20
Appendicitis
Appendix
Large intestine
Colon (In the large intestine)
Obstruction of the appendix that causes infections , filling…
Found at the junction of the small and large intestine.... Thoug…
Approx 1.5 m long . 7.6 in diameter. Can be subsided into col…
This is the largest segment of the large intestine) is to res…
Appendicitis
Obstruction of the appendix that causes infections , filling…
Appendix
Found at the junction of the small and large intestine.... Thoug…
17 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 1
Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Producer
Consumer
process in which, mitochondria in the cells of plants, animal…
process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use the Sun'…
organism that synthesizes its own food from inorganic molecul…
organisms that can't synthesize its own food through photosyn…
Cellular Respiration
process in which, mitochondria in the cells of plants, animal…
Photosynthesis
process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use the Sun'…
26 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 9
Excretory System
Excretion
Kidneys
Ureters
in animals, the system that regulates the volume and composit…
process of separating wastes from body fluids and eliminating…
in vertebrates, one of a pair of organs that filters waste fr…
in mammals, a pair of muscular tubes that carry urine from th…
Excretory System
in animals, the system that regulates the volume and composit…
Excretion
process of separating wastes from body fluids and eliminating…
15 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 2
Biogeochemical Cycles
Hydrologic Cycles
Polar
Hydrogen Bond
cyclical taken by water and other chemical nutrients through…
cycle of evaporation and condensation of water that determine…
refers to a molecules with uneven charge distribution
weak bond that involves sharing and electron between a slight…
Biogeochemical Cycles
cyclical taken by water and other chemical nutrients through…
Hydrologic Cycles
cycle of evaporation and condensation of water that determine…
32 terms
Biology Ch. 20 Bacteria, Viruses
Bacteria Characteristics
Bacilli
Cocci
Spirilla
Prokaryote ( no membrane bound nucleus); most have cell wall
rod shaped
spherical, round
spiral and corkscrew shape
Bacteria Characteristics
Prokaryote ( no membrane bound nucleus); most have cell wall
Bacilli
rod shaped
18 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 5
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Chloroplasts
Thylakoids
the process by which algae, plants and some kinds of bacteria…
process in which, mitochondria in the cells of plants, animal…
organelle with photosynthetic plants, algae, and some bacteri…
interconnected flattened sac within the stroma of a chloropla…
Photosynthesis
the process by which algae, plants and some kinds of bacteria…
Cellular Respiration
process in which, mitochondria in the cells of plants, animal…
14 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 10
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeleton Muscle
Muscle Fibers
un-striated, involuntary muscle tissue found in the walls of…
striated, involuntary muscle found only in the heart
striated, voluntary muscle tissue that is found on bones
skeletal muscle cells
Smooth Muscle
un-striated, involuntary muscle tissue found in the walls of…
Cardiac Muscle
striated, involuntary muscle found only in the heart
23 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 3
Biotic
Abiotic
Species
Population
living; refers to living things in the environment, such as h…
non-living; refers to non-living things in the environment, s…
population of organisms capable of inbreeding and producing f…
any group of individuals of the same species living in the sa…
Biotic
living; refers to living things in the environment, such as h…
Abiotic
non-living; refers to non-living things in the environment, s…
32 terms
Biology 20: Unit C Photosynthesis
photon
chlorophyll
chloroplast
stroma
A packet of light
The light-absorbing green-coloured pigment that begins the pr…
a membrane-bound organelle in green plant and algal cells tha…
the protein-rich semiliquid material in the interior of a chl…
photon
A packet of light
chlorophyll
The light-absorbing green-coloured pigment that begins the pr…
20 terms
Biology 20
Biology
Ecology
3 big questions that ecologists ask
3 Zones of The Biosphere
the study of life
the study of interactions between organisms and their environ…
1. Where do they live?... 2. Why do they live where they do?... 3.…
1. Lithosphere (Land)... 2. Hydrosphere (Water)... 3. Atmosphere (A…
Biology
the study of life
Ecology
the study of interactions between organisms and their environ…
19 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 4
Variation
Mutation
Selective Advantage
Natural Selection
a visible/invisible difference between one individual and oth…
a permanent change in a cell's DNA; includes changes in nucle…
characteristic that improves and organisms chance of survival…
process whereby the characteristics of a population of organi…
Variation
a visible/invisible difference between one individual and oth…
Mutation
a permanent change in a cell's DNA; includes changes in nucle…
29 terms
BIOLOGY 20
asexual reproduction
vegetative reproduction
runners
rhizomes
an individual inherits all of its chromosomes from a single p…
results when new individuals are simple cloned from parts of…
long, slender stems that grow along the surface of the soil
underground horizontal stems that create a network underground
asexual reproduction
an individual inherits all of its chromosomes from a single p…
vegetative reproduction
results when new individuals are simple cloned from parts of…
63 terms
biology 20
biochemical pathway
ATP
Function of ATP
Biosphere
-series of biochemical reactions... -usable energy is produced t…
-Energy used by all cells for metabolic processes... -organic ma…
Stores energy in the bonds between the phosphate groups
Made up of region and planet where life is found
biochemical pathway
-series of biochemical reactions... -usable energy is produced t…
ATP
-Energy used by all cells for metabolic processes... -organic ma…
12 terms
Biology 20: Respiratory System
Nasal Passage.
Pharynx.
Epiglottis.
Larynx.
-Warm, moisten and clean incoming air.... -Lined with cilia to c…
Throat.... -Passage way for food, water and air.
-Flap of cartilage that covers the trachea.... -Prevents food an…
-Made from cartilage and contains vocal cords.... -This is where…
Nasal Passage.
-Warm, moisten and clean incoming air.... -Lined with cilia to c…
Pharynx.
Throat.... -Passage way for food, water and air.
9 terms
Biology 20
Phylogeny
Systematics
Taxonomy
Homology
Evolutionary history of a species or group of related species
Classifies organisms and determines their evolutionary relati…
Ordered division and naming of organisms
Similarity due to shared ancestry
Phylogeny
Evolutionary history of a species or group of related species
Systematics
Classifies organisms and determines their evolutionary relati…
16 terms
Biology 20: Digestive System Organs
Salivary Glands
Esophagus
Stomach
Cardiac Sphincter
Accessory organs near the mouth that produce salivary amylase…
A long muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach
A large, J-Shaped organ that contains hydrochloric acid and p…
The sphincter located at the top of the stomach where the eso…
Salivary Glands
Accessory organs near the mouth that produce salivary amylase…
Esophagus
A long muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach
17 terms
Biology 20
Alveolus
Bronchiole
Bronchus
Cilium
tiny indentations within the lung tissue
a tube that connects a bronchus with an alveolus in the lung
a tube that connects the trachea with the bronchioles
a short projection from a cell that creates movement
Alveolus
tiny indentations within the lung tissue
Bronchiole
a tube that connects a bronchus with an alveolus in the lung
18 terms
Biology 20
virus
capsid
bacteriophage
lytic infection
a nonliving particle made of proteins, nucleic acids, and som…
protein coat surrounding a virus
viruses that infect bacteria
type of viral infection in which a virus enters a cell, makes…
virus
a nonliving particle made of proteins, nucleic acids, and som…
capsid
protein coat surrounding a virus
106 terms
Biology 20 Review
Active site 🏃
Anemia
NADH
NAD+
The area with an enzyme that combines with the substrate
The reduction in blood oxygen due to low levels of hemoglobin…
An electron carrier donates electrons in cellular processes
An electron carrier, accepts electrons in cellular processes
Active site 🏃
The area with an enzyme that combines with the substrate
Anemia
The reduction in blood oxygen due to low levels of hemoglobin…
10 terms
biology 20
met, meta
meter
micro
milli
between
measurement
small
thousandth
met, meta
between
meter
measurement
8 terms
Biology 20
Potential energy
Kinetic energy
1st law of thermodynamics
endothermic reaction
stored energy
energy in motion
relates to conservation of energy and states that energy is n…
chemical reaction that gains energy from the environment.
Potential energy
stored energy
Kinetic energy
energy in motion
10 terms
Biology-20
Trans
Troph
Ular
Un
Across
Eat
Relating to
Not
Trans
Across
Troph
Eat
35 terms
Biology 20 Chapter 6
Photon
Chlorophyll
Chloroplast
Stroma
A packet of light
The light-absorbing green-colored pigment that begins the pro…
A membrane-bound organelle in green plant and algal cells tha…
The protein-rich semi liquid material in the interior of a ch…
Photon
A packet of light
Chlorophyll
The light-absorbing green-colored pigment that begins the pro…
21 terms
biology 20-20.1
invertebrates
arthripods
exoskeleton
chitin
animals without backbones
invertebrates with pointed appendages that make up more that…
external skeleton
a substance that is chemically similar to cellulose or starch…
invertebrates
animals without backbones
arthripods
invertebrates with pointed appendages that make up more that…
19 terms
Biology 20 - Unit 4 - Chapter 4
Variation
Mutation
Selective Advantage
Natural Selection
a visible/invisible difference between one individual and oth…
a permanent change in a cell's DNA; includes changes in nucle…
characteristic that improves and organisms chance of survival…
process whereby the characteristics of a population of organi…
Variation
a visible/invisible difference between one individual and oth…
Mutation
a permanent change in a cell's DNA; includes changes in nucle…
21 terms
Biology - 20 Amino Acids
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
Glycine (Gly,G)
Alanine (Ala, A)
Valine (Val, V)
Polar, can add a phosphate to make a kinase.
Optically inactive
Hydrophobic
Hydrophobic
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
Polar, can add a phosphate to make a kinase.
Glycine (Gly,G)
Optically inactive
11 terms
Biology 20 - Respiratory Structures
Nasal passage
Pharynx
Epiglottis
Trachea
The hollow spaces in the nose through which air flows from th…
A common passageway for solid food, liquids and air
A flap of tissue that seals off the windpipe and prevents foo…
Air passageway; has cartilage rings to help keep the air pass…
Nasal passage
The hollow spaces in the nose through which air flows from th…
Pharynx
A common passageway for solid food, liquids and air
40 terms
Biology 20 - Unit 3 - Chapter 8: Circulation and Immunity
Circulatory System
Atria (Atrium)
Ventricles
Septum
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
one of the two lower chambers of the heart; each ventricle re…
in the heart, the muscular wall that separates the two ventri…
Circulatory System
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
Atria (Atrium)
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
10 terms
Biology 20
biodiversity crisis
conservation biology
biodiversity
current threats to biodiversity
a rapid decrease in Earth's great variety of organisms
a goal-driven science that seeks to counter the biodiversity…
genetic diversity... species diversity... ecosystem diversity... provi…
habitat destruction (single greatest currents threat to biodi…
biodiversity crisis
a rapid decrease in Earth's great variety of organisms
conservation biology
a goal-driven science that seeks to counter the biodiversity…
17 terms
Bio 20 Cell Biology and Mitosis
Active transport
Osmosis
Cytosol
Phagocytosis
movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a region of…
pontaneous net movement of solvent molecules through a semi-p…
the aqueous component of the cytoplasm of a cell, within whic…
process by which a cell—often a phagocyte or a protist—engulf…
Active transport
movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a region of…
Osmosis
pontaneous net movement of solvent molecules through a semi-p…
18 terms
Biology 20 - Unit 2 - Chapter 5
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Chloroplasts
Thylakoids
the process by which algae, plants and some kinds of bacteria…
process in which, mitochondria in the cells of plants, animal…
organelle with photosynthetic plants, algae, and some bacteri…
interconnected flattened sac within the stroma of a chloropla…
Photosynthesis
the process by which algae, plants and some kinds of bacteria…
Cellular Respiration
process in which, mitochondria in the cells of plants, animal…
99 terms
Final Biology 20
Erythrocytes
Plasma
Makes up about 55% of human blood
Makes up about 44% of human blood
Another name for red blood cells (RBC)
Fluid portion of blood
Plasma
Erythrocytes/RBC
Erythrocytes
Another name for red blood cells (RBC)
Plasma
Fluid portion of blood
33 terms
Alberta Biology 20 - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis converts 1 glucose molecule…
Glycolysis is a process that converts…
How many carbon molecules are in gluco…
What is chemical compound for glucose?
2
glucose
6
C6 H12 O6
Glycolysis converts 1 glucose molecule…
2
Glycolysis is a process that converts…
glucose
31 terms
biology 20
the instructions for making new copies…
What is the basic structure of a virus?
A lytic infection concludes with the
Bacteriophages infect
coded in either RNA or DNA
DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat.
bursting of the host cell
bacteria
the instructions for making new copies…
coded in either RNA or DNA
What is the basic structure of a virus?
DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat.
95 terms
Biology 20: Chapter 9
Muscle that makes the heart beat, and…
Muscle found in the lining of the orga…
Muscles that are attached to the bones…
A band of connective tissue that joins…
What is cardiac muscle?
What is smooth muscle?
What is skeletal muscle?
What are tendons?
Muscle that makes the heart beat, and…
What is cardiac muscle?
Muscle found in the lining of the orga…
What is smooth muscle?
15 terms
Biology 20 - Unit 1 - Chapter 2
Biogeochemical Cycles
Hydrologic Cycles
Polar
Hydrogen Bond
cyclical taken by water and other chemical nutrients through…
cycle of evaporation and condensation of water that determine…
refers to a molecules with uneven charge distribution
weak bond that involves sharing and electron between a slight…
Biogeochemical Cycles
cyclical taken by water and other chemical nutrients through…
Hydrologic Cycles
cycle of evaporation and condensation of water that determine…
1 of 10