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Study sets matching "biology 223"

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Study sets matching "biology 223"

32 terms
Connective Tissues- Biology 223
Areolar C.T... Composed of; Collagen and…
Adipose C.T... Composed of; closely packe…
Reticular C.T... Composed of; reticular f…
Dense Regular C.T... Composed of; Paralle…
Areolar C.T... Composed of; Collagen and…
Adipose C.T... Composed of; closely packe…
162 terms
Biology 223
Epaxial Muscles
Hypaxial Muscles
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
In class definition: on the dorsal side
In class definition: on the ventral side
This part of the skeleton includes the bones of the limbs and…
This part of the skeleton forms the longitudinal axis of the…
Epaxial Muscles
In class definition: on the dorsal side
Hypaxial Muscles
In class definition: on the ventral side
84 terms
Biology 223- muscles
frontalis
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
buccinator
frontalis
orbicularis oculi
33 terms
Biology 223
Levels of Organization
Homeostasis
Equilibrium
How are Levels of Organization, "atomi…
Atomic -> Molecular -> Cellular -> Tissue -> Organ -> Organ S…
The state of balance within the body, which is the goal of ph…
A dynamic state in which two opposing forces or processes are…
Atoms combine to form molecules with complex shapes. The comp…
Levels of Organization
Atomic -> Molecular -> Cellular -> Tissue -> Organ -> Organ S…
Homeostasis
The state of balance within the body, which is the goal of ph…
268 terms
Biology 223 Final
Visceral Sensory
Somatic Sensory
Special Sensory
Somatic Motor
Convey sensations from viscera (organs)
Touch, temperature, pressure, pain
Senses associated with taste, smell, balance, hearing, and vi…
Innervation of voluntary striated muscles of head (and neck)…
Visceral Sensory
Convey sensations from viscera (organs)
Somatic Sensory
Touch, temperature, pressure, pain
21 terms
BIOLOGY 223 Final Exam
What is the sequence action potential…
Why does inhaling deeply and slowly th…
What should happen in order for a mole…
What is the role of the lateral olfact…
Tract, Bulb, Cortex
Sucking in air and taking in more odorant which absorbs more
Dissolved in fluid covering the olfactory epithelium
Smell
What is the sequence action potential…
Tract, Bulb, Cortex
Why does inhaling deeply and slowly th…
Sucking in air and taking in more odorant which absorbs more
17 terms
Biology 223 Lab 1
Head
Arm
Light switch
Rheostat
Upper part of frame... Supports lenses... Also called body tube
Vertical part of frame... Connects head and base
Turns light source off and on
Adjusts intensity of light ... Also called the light intensity k…
Head
Upper part of frame... Supports lenses... Also called body tube
Arm
Vertical part of frame... Connects head and base
47 terms
Biology 223 Chapter 7
Axial Skeleton
Functions of axial skeleton
Skull functions
Cranial Bones
80 bones... 8 cranial bones... 14 facial bones... 6 auditory ossicles…
supports and protects organs... attaches to muscles of head neck…
Protects the brain and entrances to respiratory and digestive…
enclose cranial cavity which contained the brain, fluids, ves…
Axial Skeleton
80 bones... 8 cranial bones... 14 facial bones... 6 auditory ossicles…
Functions of axial skeleton
supports and protects organs... attaches to muscles of head neck…
Biology 223- Chapter 13
18 inches
1/2 inch
L1 & L2
Posterior Median Sulcus and Anterior m…
Spinal Cord is about how long?
Spinal cord is about how wide?
Spinal cord ends between which Vertebra?
What are the 2 grooves that divide the Spinal Cord between Le…
18 inches
Spinal Cord is about how long?
1/2 inch
Spinal cord is about how wide?
59 terms
Biology 223 Brain Anatomy
Superior colliculus
Inferior colliculus
Central sulcus
Cerebellum
Superior colliculus
Inferior colliculus
51 terms
Final biology 223
What are the two componants of the ECM…
Four types of tissue an briefly descri…
The two processes of tissue repair
Steps in tissue repair
Ground substance - holds cells in place, provides strength, s…
Epithelial- protection, immune defenses, secretion, transport…
Inflammation ... Regeneration
Cell division and migration ... Chemical signals release ... Regene…
What are the two componants of the ECM…
Ground substance - holds cells in place, provides strength, s…
Four types of tissue an briefly descri…
Epithelial- protection, immune defenses, secretion, transport…
14 terms
Biology 223 Lab 8
Triceps Brachii
Biceps Brachii
Palmaris longus
Extensor digitorum
Origin: Long head at margin of glenoid cavity, lateral head a…
Origin: Short from coranoid process of scapula; long from tub…
Origin: Medial epicondyle of humerus... Insertion: Base of 2nd…
Origin: Lateral epicondyle of humerus ... Insertion: Four tendo…
Triceps Brachii
Origin: Long head at margin of glenoid cavity, lateral head a…
Biceps Brachii
Origin: Short from coranoid process of scapula; long from tub…
61 terms
Biology 223 Chapter 6
Structures Included in Skeletal System
5 Functions of the skeletal system
6 Bone shapes
Sutural Bones
Bones... Cartilage... Ligaments... Connective tissues that stabilize o…
Support... Store minerals and lipids... Blood Cell production... Prote…
Sutural Bones... irregular Bones... Short bones... flat bones... long bon…
small flat bones between flat bones of the skull.
Structures Included in Skeletal System
Bones... Cartilage... Ligaments... Connective tissues that stabilize o…
5 Functions of the skeletal system
Support... Store minerals and lipids... Blood Cell production... Prote…
99 terms
Biology 223- muscles
sternocleidomastoid
sternocleiodomastiod (action)
sternocleidomastoid (origin)
sternocleiodomastiod (insertion)
bilateral contraction: flexion of the neck forward... unilateral…
manubrium and clavicle
mastoid process
sternocleidomastoid
sternocleiodomastiod (action)
bilateral contraction: flexion of the neck forward... unilateral…
53 terms
Plant Biology LC 223
cell wall
primary cell wall
secondary cell wall
Phytoalexins
-helps deal with water by providing pressure in the opposite…
only one layer of growing cells
is created at maturity and stops cell growth
-chemical that warns against bacterial/fungal infections... -wil…
cell wall
-helps deal with water by providing pressure in the opposite…
primary cell wall
only one layer of growing cells
26 terms
Biology 223 Lab 2
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Nucleolus
Chromatin
Contains DNA... Pattern for building all proteins for the cell
Membrane around nucleus... DNA can not pass through it
Area in nucleus... Site of rRNA synthesis
Unwound DNA inside nucleus
Nucleus
Contains DNA... Pattern for building all proteins for the cell
Nuclear envelope
Membrane around nucleus... DNA can not pass through it
19 terms
Biology 223 Lab 6
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis oris
Masseter
Sternocleidomastoid
Origin: Frontal & maxillary bones... Insertion: Inside of eyelid…
Origin: Maxillary bone & mandible... Insertion: Skin & muscle ar…
Origin: Zygomatic arch & maxillary bone... Insertion: Angle & ra…
Origin: Manubrium of sternum & the clavicle... Insertion: Mastoi…
Orbicularis oculi
Origin: Frontal & maxillary bones... Insertion: Inside of eyelid…
Orbicularis oris
Origin: Maxillary bone & mandible... Insertion: Skin & muscle ar…
139 terms
Biology 223 Practical 2
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Masseter
Sternocleidomastoid
Origin: frontal and maxillary bone... Inserts: skin of eyelid... Ac…
Origin: Mandible and Maxillary bone... Inserts: skin of mouth... Ac…
Origin: zygomatic arch; Maxillary bone... Inserts: angle & ramus…
Origin: Manubrium of sternum; clavical... Inserts: Mastoid proce…
Orbicularis Oculi
Origin: frontal and maxillary bone... Inserts: skin of eyelid... Ac…
Orbicularis Oris
Origin: Mandible and Maxillary bone... Inserts: skin of mouth... Ac…
99 terms
Biology 223- muscles Edit
sternocleidomastoid
sternocleiodomastiod (action)
sternocleidomastoid (origin)
sternocleiodomastiod (insertion)
bilateral contraction: flexion of the neck forward... unilateral…
manubrium and clavicle
mastoid process
sternocleidomastoid
sternocleiodomastiod (action)
bilateral contraction: flexion of the neck forward... unilateral…
5 terms
Biology 223 Lab 8
Dendrites
Cell body
Axon hillock
Axon
Branched processes at proximal end extending from cell body... F…
Also called soma ... Contains nucleus & organelles ... Receives imp…
Widened base of axon... Point where axon arises from cell body
Single processes from cell body but may branch into collatera…
Dendrites
Branched processes at proximal end extending from cell body... F…
Cell body
Also called soma ... Contains nucleus & organelles ... Receives imp…
14 terms
Biology 223 Lab 7
Triceps bracii
Biceps brachii
Palmaris longus
Extensor digitorum
Origin- Long Head at inferior margin of the glenoid cavity, L…
Origin-Short head from coracoid process of scapula; long head…
Origin-Medial epicondyle of humerus... Insertion-Fascia & skin…
Origin-Lateral epicondyle of the humerus... Insertion-Four tend…
Triceps bracii
Origin- Long Head at inferior margin of the glenoid cavity, L…
Biceps brachii
Origin-Short head from coracoid process of scapula; long head…
48 terms
Biology 223 Lab 4
Skeletal system consists of what?
Sutural Bones (Wormian bones)
Flat Bones
Long Bones
Bones & joints
Small, flat bones found within the skull sutures... High degree…
Thin like a plate... Protect underlying structures... Large surface…
Longer than wide... Most common type of bone... Range from very lar…
Skeletal system consists of what?
Bones & joints
Sutural Bones (Wormian bones)
Small, flat bones found within the skull sutures... High degree…
18 terms
Biology 223 Lab 3
Connective Tissues Function
Mesenchyme (Embryonic Connective Tissue)
Loose Connective Tissue
Areolar Connective Tissue
To bind, support, protect, & fill spaces
A loose, unspecialized tissue that develops in the embryo... Gel…
Areolar Connective Tissue, Adipose Connective Tissue, Reticul…
Gel-like matrix with collagen & elastic fibers... Fibroblasts, m…
Connective Tissues Function
To bind, support, protect, & fill spaces
Mesenchyme (Embryonic Connective Tissue)
A loose, unspecialized tissue that develops in the embryo... Gel…
26 terms
Biology 223 Lab 2
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Nucleolus
Chromatin
Contains DNA... Pattern for building all proteins for the cell
Membrane around nucleus... DNA can not pass through it
Area in nucleus... Site of rRNA synthesis
Unwound DNA inside nucleus
Nucleus
Contains DNA... Pattern for building all proteins for the cell
Nuclear envelope
Membrane around nucleus... DNA can not pass through it
108 terms
Biology 223 test 3
skeletal muscle
What are the five universal characteri…
What is skeletal muscle composed of?
what does the endomysium do?
holds the body erect against the pull of gravity and produces…
Responsiveness... Conductivity... Contractility... Extensibility... Elast…
muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue
surrounds each muscle fiber
skeletal muscle
holds the body erect against the pull of gravity and produces…
What are the five universal characteri…
Responsiveness... Conductivity... Contractility... Extensibility... Elast…
57 terms
Biology 223 Exam 3
The cells that cover the outer surface…
________ line the brain ventricles and…
Extensive damage to oligodendrocytes i…
The thalamus is often called the "air…
astrocytes
Ependymal cells
loss of sensation and motor control
determines the routing of incoming sensory information to the…
The cells that cover the outer surface…
astrocytes
________ line the brain ventricles and…
Ependymal cells
8 terms
Biology 223 Field Trips
Common Raven
American Crow
Rock pigeon
Eurasian Turtle (collared) Dove
Larger than crow... Larger more pronounced bill... Ruffles under ne…
Smaller than raven... Smaller thinner bill... Fanned tail
Larger and plumper than a Mourning Dove, Rock Pigeons are tub…
Large, heavy-bodied dove Black collar visible on sides and ba…
Common Raven
Larger than crow... Larger more pronounced bill... Ruffles under ne…
American Crow
Smaller than raven... Smaller thinner bill... Fanned tail
115 terms
biology 223 final
What is partial pressure?
How do you calculate the partial press…
What would the partial pressure of O2…
When water (at sea level) is exposed t…
Partial pressure is the pressure of a particular gas in a mix…
To calculate partial pressure you need to know the pressure o…
3. The partial pressure of O2 at sea level is about 160 mmHg.
When water at sea level is exposed to air the partial pressur…
What is partial pressure?
Partial pressure is the pressure of a particular gas in a mix…
How do you calculate the partial press…
To calculate partial pressure you need to know the pressure o…
10 terms
Biology 223 Directional References
Proximal
Distal
Lateral
Medial
Toward the point of attachment of a limb to the trunk.
Away from the point of attachment of a limb to the trunk.
Away from the midline
Toward the midline
Proximal
Toward the point of attachment of a limb to the trunk.
Distal
Away from the point of attachment of a limb to the trunk.
50 terms
Biology 223 Exam 1: Tissues
Tissue
Epithelial, connective, muscular, nerv…
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
A group of cells attached together by cellular junctions... •for…
4 types of tissues
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities a…
Protects and supports the body and it's organs... •various types…
Tissue
A group of cells attached together by cellular junctions... •for…
Epithelial, connective, muscular, nerv…
4 types of tissues
23 terms
Biology 223 Exam 1: Continued
Homeostasis
Set point
Autoregulation
Extrinsic regulation
The condition of equilibrum or balance in the body's internal…
Many conditions within the body have a specific level or ____…
General mechanism involved in homeostatic regulation when the…
Homeostatic regulation which results from the activities of t…
Homeostasis
The condition of equilibrum or balance in the body's internal…
Set point
Many conditions within the body have a specific level or ____…
83 terms
BIOLOGY 223 QUIZ 1
What makes up the the axial skeleton?
What is the function of the axial skel…
How many bones are in the skull?
What are the functions of the cranial…
The skull, bony thorax, and vertebral column.
Support the head, neck, and trunk. Protects the brain, spinal…
22
Aka cranium: enclose and protect the brain and the organs of…
What makes up the the axial skeleton?
The skull, bony thorax, and vertebral column.
What is the function of the axial skel…
Support the head, neck, and trunk. Protects the brain, spinal…
11 terms
Biology 223 Lab Anatomy-Neuron
Cell Body (soma)
Dendrites
Axon
Axon Hillock
G
Cell Body (soma)
Dendrites
59 terms
Biology 223 Chapter 4
4 types of Tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, Neural
Covers exposed surfaces,... Lines internal Passageways... Forms Gla…
Fills internal spaces... Supports other tissues... Transports Mater…
Specialized for contraction
4 types of Tissues
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, Neural
Epithelial Tissue
Covers exposed surfaces,... Lines internal Passageways... Forms Gla…
22 terms
Biology 223 Chapter 8
Appendicular Skeleton
Pectoral Girdle
Pectoral girdle parts
Calvicles
126 bones... Includes all bones besides axial skeleton... Allows us…
Also called shoulder girdle... Connects arms to body... positions s…
two clavicle ... two scapulae
long s-shaped... Articulate with manubrium... articulate with scapu…
Appendicular Skeleton
126 bones... Includes all bones besides axial skeleton... Allows us…
Pectoral Girdle
Also called shoulder girdle... Connects arms to body... positions s…
132 terms
biology 223 test 3
The rates of exchange for nutrients, w…
amount of material that must be exchan…
What do the terms regulator and confor…
Are animals either regulators or confo…
to the membrane surface area involved in the exchange
to the body volume
The term regulator stands for an animal that controls interna…
No animals can regulate and conform in different parts of the…
The rates of exchange for nutrients, w…
to the membrane surface area involved in the exchange
amount of material that must be exchan…
to the body volume
85 terms
Chapter 1 223 Biology review
• Anatomy -
• Physiology
• Embryology
• Developmental Biology
Study of structure. "What are the parts?"
Study of function. "How does it work?"
- first 8 weeks of development after fertilization of a human…
- complete development of an individual from fertilization to…
• Anatomy -
Study of structure. "What are the parts?"
• Physiology
Study of function. "How does it work?"
17 terms
Biology 223 (Chapter 5) "Integumentary System"
Two parts of the integumentary system
Whats the largest system in the body?
Two components of the *cutaneous membr…
Outer epidermis
Cutaneous membrane:... Accessory structures:
Integumentary system
Outer epidermis and Inner dermis
The epithelial layer, stratified squamous tissue
Two parts of the integumentary system
Cutaneous membrane:... Accessory structures:
Whats the largest system in the body?
Integumentary system
40 terms
Biology 223 test #1
Cell Wall
Alternation of Generations
Sporophyte
Gametophyte
Made of Cellulose
One stage that is haploid (n) and one stage that is diploid (…
Stage that produces the spores
Stage that produces the male and female gametes
Cell Wall
Made of Cellulose
Alternation of Generations
One stage that is haploid (n) and one stage that is diploid (…
139 terms
Biology 223 Practical 2 Prep
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Masseter
Sternocleidomastoid
Origin: frontal and maxillary bone... Inserts: skin of eyelid... Ac…
Origin: Mandible and Maxillary bone... Inserts: skin of mouth... Ac…
Origin: zygomatic arch; Maxillary bone... Inserts: angle & ramus…
Origin: Manubrium of sternum; clavical... Inserts: Mastoid proce…
Orbicularis Oculi
Origin: frontal and maxillary bone... Inserts: skin of eyelid... Ac…
Orbicularis Oris
Origin: Mandible and Maxillary bone... Inserts: skin of mouth... Ac…
38 terms
Biology 223 Joints (chapter 9)
joint
synostosis
synarthrosis
sutures
any point where two bones meet
(bony joint) immovable joint formed when the gap between two…
(fibrous joint) a point at which adjacent bones are bound by…
(fibrous joints) immobile or only slightly movable that close…
joint
any point where two bones meet
synostosis
(bony joint) immovable joint formed when the gap between two…
127 terms
Biology 223 Exam 2 Study Guide
What are functions of the skeletal sys…
What do ligaments attach?
What do tendons attach?
What do aponeurosis attach?
Support... Protection... Movement... Mineral Homeostasis... Blood Cell Pr…
Bone to Bone
Muscle to Bone
Muscle to Tissue
What are functions of the skeletal sys…
Support... Protection... Movement... Mineral Homeostasis... Blood Cell Pr…
What do ligaments attach?
Bone to Bone
17 terms
Biology 223 Lab 2.5
Tissue
Types of Tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Epithelial Tissue Function
A collection of similar cells grouped together to function as…
Epithelial Tissue, Connective Tissue, Muscular Tissue, Nervou…
Covers the body surface, covers & lines internal organs, and…
Protection, absorption, and secretion.
Tissue
A collection of similar cells grouped together to function as…
Types of Tissues
Epithelial Tissue, Connective Tissue, Muscular Tissue, Nervou…
186 terms
Biology 223 Study Guide Final Spring 2016
The thumb is ________ to the little fi…
While performing a dissection, the stu…
The sternum or breastbone
A broken hallux refers specifically to…
lateral
superficial
is anterior to the heart
big toe
The thumb is ________ to the little fi…
lateral
While performing a dissection, the stu…
superficial
37 terms
Biology 223 histology and body membranes
Simple Squamous E.T... Movement of molecu…
Simple Cuboidal E.T... Secretion and abso…
Simple Columnar E.T... Absorption, secret…
Stratified Squamous E.T Keratinized... up…
Located; Kidney glomeruli, Alveoli of the lungs, lining of th…
Located; kidney tubules, thyroid gland, and covering the ovary
Simple Squamous E.T... Movement of molecu…
Located; Kidney glomeruli, Alveoli of the lungs, lining of th…
Simple Cuboidal E.T... Secretion and abso…
Located; kidney tubules, thyroid gland, and covering the ovary
85 terms
Biology 223 Zoology Exam 1
Natural History
Evolution
What did Darwin note? (3 important obs…
Each gene has two copies:... 1. Where do…
recording and explaining the biological events in nature
Change through time... Changes in pattern of nucleic acids in DNA
1. Variation exists among individuals in a population... 2. Vari…
1. Parents... 2. Chromosomes... 3. Expression of protiens
Natural History
recording and explaining the biological events in nature
Evolution
Change through time... Changes in pattern of nucleic acids in DNA
53 terms
Biology 223 muscles of the appendicular skeleton
biceps brachii
biceps brachii, long head
biceps brachii, short head
triceps brachii
biceps brachii
biceps brachii, long head
Biology 223 Lab #2 Tissues
Areolar Connective Tissue
Areolar Connective Tissue
Areolar Connective Tissue
Adipose Connective Tissue
What tissue is this?
What tissue is this?
What tissue is this?
What tissue is this?
Areolar Connective Tissue
What tissue is this?
Areolar Connective Tissue
What tissue is this?
24 terms
BSCI223 Synthetic Biology Lecture
What is synthetic biology?
synthetic circuits
biological parts
Abstraction of biological parts
- an emerging field of biology that aims to design and build…
- assembled from biological parts can execute quantifiable lo…
-sequences of DNA that encode for a biological function (prom…
DNA --> Parts --> devices --> circuits --> systems --> multic…
What is synthetic biology?
- an emerging field of biology that aims to design and build…
synthetic circuits
- assembled from biological parts can execute quantifiable lo…
106 terms
Biology 223 (Chapter 2) "The Chemical Level and Organization"
Atom
Neutrons
Electrons
Polar covalent bond
Smallest unit of an element
the particles of the nucleus that have no charge
Tiny, negatively charged, high-energy particles that move aro…
unequal sharing; form polar molecules (H20)
Atom
Smallest unit of an element
Neutrons
the particles of the nucleus that have no charge
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