Study sets matching "biology 3"

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Study sets matching "biology 3"

16 terms
Biology Chapter 2.3
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
mono-sac-charide
single units - atoms or molecules - that bind together to mak…
a large unit of monomers, linked together like the beads on a…
compounds made up of Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen, usually in…
3 kinds of single sugar molecules:... glucose... galactose (milk)... f…
monomer
single units - atoms or molecules - that bind together to mak…
polymer
a large unit of monomers, linked together like the beads on a…
Biology Ch. 3
flowers
pedicel
receptacle
sepals
produce seeds and fruits; make up the reproductive parts of f…
flower stalk; where a flower usually forms on the enlarged en…
attached to the end of the pedicel; holds the developing seeds
usually green leaflike structures attached to the edge of the…
flowers
produce seeds and fruits; make up the reproductive parts of f…
pedicel
flower stalk; where a flower usually forms on the enlarged en…
503 terms
Biology 3
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport
Facilitated Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
An active movement where an input of energy is required. Part…
A passive movement of particles from high to low concentratio…
Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
Osmosis
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
Biology 3
cristae
sulfur (S)
calcium (Ca)
phosphorus (P)
The inner membrane of a mitochondrion, folded to increase sur…
Inorganic element of living things. Component of two amino ac…
Inorganic element of living things. Co-factor in some enzyme…
Inorganic element in living things. Component of ATP and DNA
cristae
The inner membrane of a mitochondrion, folded to increase sur…
sulfur (S)
Inorganic element of living things. Component of two amino ac…
Advanced Biology Ch. 3
cell
cell membrane
nucleus
nucleoli
the basic structure and functional unit of the all living org…
gives form to the cell and controls passage of materials in a…
the large spherical or oval body usually located near the cen…
within the nucleus, one or more dense bodies; contains the su…
cell
the basic structure and functional unit of the all living org…
cell membrane
gives form to the cell and controls passage of materials in a…
10 terms
Biology 3
Living Thing
quantitative
sub
ject
ALL THINGS THAT CARRY ON LIFE FUNCTIONS, SUCH AS RESPIRATION,…
relating to numbers
under
throw
Living Thing
ALL THINGS THAT CARRY ON LIFE FUNCTIONS, SUCH AS RESPIRATION,…
quantitative
relating to numbers
Biology Chapter 3 - Cells
Cell Theory
Prokayote
Cell membrane
Cell wall
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
The outer boundary of a cell and is selectively permeable
Plant cells and prokayotes have cell walls that surround the…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
Prokayote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
55 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Review
synthesize
Define organic molecules and give four…
Types and number of bonds formed by ca…
What are hydrocarbons?
create, produce
always contain carbon and hydrogen; examples are:... Lipids, Car…
4 single bonds, 2 double bonds, 1 double bond plus 2 single b…
They are compounds/molecules that only contains carbon and hy…
synthesize
create, produce
Define organic molecules and give four…
always contain carbon and hydrogen; examples are:... Lipids, Car…
6 terms
Biology 1-3
Reaction
Activation Energy
Hypothesis
Substrate
When chemical reactants are changed into chemical products
The smallest amount of energy needed for a chemical reaction…
Explanation of observations
A material that an enzyme acts upon
Reaction
When chemical reactants are changed into chemical products
Activation Energy
The smallest amount of energy needed for a chemical reaction…
30 terms
Biology Pearson 3.1-3.3
Biosphere
Ecology
Species
Population
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the earth in w…
is the scientific study of the interactions among organisms a…
a group of similar organisms that can be breed and produce fe…
a group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
Biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the earth in w…
Ecology
is the scientific study of the interactions among organisms a…
37 terms
Biology 3
Transpiration
Osmosis
Active transport
Arteries
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant... Evaporation o…
Diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from…
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart, under hig…
Transpiration
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant... Evaporation o…
Osmosis
Diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from…
9 terms
Biology 3
recombination/ crossing over
mutations ( point, nondisjunction)
cancer
selective breeding
When homologous chromosomes switch certain parts during repli…
problems occuring as DNA replicates
rapid replication of cells
choosing particular organisms to breed
recombination/ crossing over
When homologous chromosomes switch certain parts during repli…
mutations ( point, nondisjunction)
problems occuring as DNA replicates
5 terms
Biology 10.3
Cyclin
Growth Factor
Apoptosis
Cancer
one of a family of closely related proteins that regulate the…
one of a group of external regulatory proteins that stimulate…
Programmed cell death
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
Cyclin
one of a family of closely related proteins that regulate the…
Growth Factor
one of a group of external regulatory proteins that stimulate…
13 terms
Ib Biology Topic 3.3-3.5
3.3.1 Outline DNA nucleotide structure…
3.3.2 State the names of the four base…
3.3.3 Outline how DNA nucleotides are…
3.3.4 Explain how a DNA double helix i…
A nucleotide is the 3 things linked together- not just the ba…
Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine and Thymine
Nucleotides a linked into a single strand via a condensation…
double helix; two chains of nucleotides / composed of nucleot…
3.3.1 Outline DNA nucleotide structure…
A nucleotide is the 3 things linked together- not just the ba…
3.3.2 State the names of the four base…
Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine and Thymine
19 terms
Biology 3
acid
base
buffer
cohesion
substance that increases the H ion conc. of a solution
A substance that decreases the H ion conc. in a solution.
solution w/ weak acid and its corresponding baseminimizes cha…
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
acid
substance that increases the H ion conc. of a solution
base
A substance that decreases the H ion conc. in a solution.
50 terms
Biology Ch. 3, Terms
3A cytology
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leewenhoek
protoplasm
the study of cells
Named "cells" after seeing cork under the microscope
First person to observe living organism under a microscope
the entire contents of cells
3A cytology
the study of cells
Robert Hooke
Named "cells" after seeing cork under the microscope
57 terms
Biology #3
What is a lipid and what functions do…
What are glycerolipids?
Why do fats store more energy than car…
Why should you avoid eating fats with…
They are hydrophobic organic molecules with a hydrophilic hea…
fatty acids bounded to glycerol
They are very very reduced
They have double bonds in weird places. ... They don't occur nat…
What is a lipid and what functions do…
They are hydrophobic organic molecules with a hydrophilic hea…
What are glycerolipids?
fatty acids bounded to glycerol
5 terms
Biology: U8L3
capsid
immunity
immunization
vaccination
protein shell of a virus that surrounds its nucleic acid
resistance to disease or poison
vaccination; artificially stimulating antibodies to a disease
the act or practice of introducing a vaccine into the body as…
capsid
protein shell of a virus that surrounds its nucleic acid
immunity
resistance to disease or poison
biology #3
transpiration
cambium
xylem
phloem
the movement of moisture within the plant to the outside of t…
lining between xylem and phloem
found on the inside of vascular bundles.... consists of long nar…
found on the outside of vascular bundles ... consist of sive tub…
transpiration
the movement of moisture within the plant to the outside of t…
cambium
lining between xylem and phloem
10 terms
Biology section 7-3
Lipid Bilayer
Concentration
Diffusion
Selective Permeability
double-layered sheet that forms the core of nearly all cell m…
The mass of solute in a given volume of solution or mass/volu…
Process by which molecules tend to move from an area where th…
Property of membranes that allows only certain substances to…
Lipid Bilayer
double-layered sheet that forms the core of nearly all cell m…
Concentration
The mass of solute in a given volume of solution or mass/volu…
Biology #3
oxygen debt
translocation
excretion
transpiration
amount of oxygen required to oxidise lactic acid produced by…
transport of manufactured food substances like sugars and ami…
removal of metabolic waste products from body
loss of water vapour from aerial parts of plants, especially…
oxygen debt
amount of oxygen required to oxidise lactic acid produced by…
translocation
transport of manufactured food substances like sugars and ami…
56 terms
biology 3
fallopian tubes
ovaries
uterine lining
uterus
fallopian tubes
ovaries
33 terms
Chapter 3 Biology
biosphere
species
population
community
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
All the different populations that live together in an area
biosphere
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
23 terms
Thinkwell Biology 3.3
9 + 0 pattern
9 + 2 microtubule arrangement
9 + 2 pattern
actin
The arrangement of microtubules making up a centriole. There…
Refers to the microtubule structure in cilia and flagella. Th…
The arrangement of microtubules found in cilia and flagella.…
A globular protein that forms chains that make up thin filame…
9 + 0 pattern
The arrangement of microtubules making up a centriole. There…
9 + 2 microtubule arrangement
Refers to the microtubule structure in cilia and flagella. Th…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 2-3
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
A small unit that can join together with other small units to…
Any large compound that is made of a combination of monomers
a compound made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms; majo…
A single sugar molecule
monomer
A small unit that can join together with other small units to…
polymer
Any large compound that is made of a combination of monomers
35 terms
Category 3 STAAR Biology
evidences of common ancestry
fossil record
biogeography
anatomical homology
fossil records, biogeography, embryology and homologies (anat…
preserved remains or traces of organisms; remains found in lo…
similarities due to location and time
similar structures but different functions
evidences of common ancestry
fossil records, biogeography, embryology and homologies (anat…
fossil record
preserved remains or traces of organisms; remains found in lo…
9 terms
2.3 human biology
the process by which the body breaks d…
the process by which nutrient molecule…
the fluid released when the mouth wate…
a protein that speeds up chemical reac…
digestion
absorption
saliva
enzyme
the process by which the body breaks d…
digestion
the process by which nutrient molecule…
absorption
31 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
classify
phylum
genus
species
group things based on the features they share
subdivision of a kingdom with the second largest group of org…
the sixth classification level of living things that includes…
group of organisms that can breed with each other to produce…
classify
group things based on the features they share
phylum
subdivision of a kingdom with the second largest group of org…
83 terms
Bloomer Biology-Ch. 3
Ecology
oikos
Levels of Organization (largest to sma…
Biosphere
the study of interactions among organisms and the interaction…
greek word meaning "house"
Biosphere, Biome, Ecosystem, Community, Population, Organism
portion of the earth that supports life ("ball of life")
Ecology
the study of interactions among organisms and the interaction…
oikos
greek word meaning "house"
32 terms
Biology Standard 3 Vocabulary
CELL
TISSUE
ORGAN
ORGAN SYSTEM
The basic unit of life.
A collection of cells, all of the same type, completing a sin…
This is a collection of multiple tissues; working together to…
A collection of multiple organs working together to complete…
CELL
The basic unit of life.
TISSUE
A collection of cells, all of the same type, completing a sin…
13 terms
Lugo Biology 13.3 Mutations
mutation
point mutation
frameshift mutation
mutagen
A change in a gene or chromosome.
Gene mutation involving changes in one or a few nucleotides.
mutation that shifts the "reading" frame of the genetic messa…
A chemical or physical agent that interacts with DNA and caus…
mutation
A change in a gene or chromosome.
point mutation
Gene mutation involving changes in one or a few nucleotides.
Biology Ch. 3.3
cell membrane
phospholipid
fluid mosaic model
selective permeability
forms a boundary between the cell and the outside environment…
a molecule composed of:... -a charged phosphate group... -gylcerol…
describes the arrangement of the molecules that make up the c…
allows some, but not all, materials to pass through
cell membrane
forms a boundary between the cell and the outside environment…
phospholipid
a molecule composed of:... -a charged phosphate group... -gylcerol…
15 terms
biology 3
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
ATP
ATP synthesis
the process of converting light energy to chemical energy and…
the process of turning food molecules, like glucose, to carbo…
a nucleoside triphosphate used in cells as a coenzyme often c…
an important enzyme that provides energy for the cell to use…
Photosynthesis
the process of converting light energy to chemical energy and…
Cellular Respiration
the process of turning food molecules, like glucose, to carbo…
41 terms
Biology Chapter 3
cell theory
cytoplasm
eukaryotic cell
Microscope
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jelly like substances inside cells that contains molecules an…
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane- bound organelles.
A tool used for viewing very small objects, such as animal or…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jelly like substances inside cells that contains molecules an…
biology.3
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
States that all organisms are made up of one or more cells, t…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
cell theory
States that all organisms are made up of one or more cells, t…
cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
29 terms
Biology Unit 3 - Definitions
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Concentration Gradient
Diffusion
The movement of substances across a cell membrane without usi…
The movement of substances through a cell membrane using ener…
More concentration of molecules on one side of the membrane t…
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration
Passive Transport
The movement of substances across a cell membrane without usi…
Active Transport
The movement of substances through a cell membrane using ener…
44 terms
Biology Ch. 3
community
Limiting factors
abiotic
biotic
a groupd of interacting populations that occupy the same area…
any biotic or abiotic factor that restricts (death) the numbe…
nonliving- sunlight, climate, temperature, water, nutrients,…
(living) plants, animals, bacteria
community
a groupd of interacting populations that occupy the same area…
Limiting factors
any biotic or abiotic factor that restricts (death) the numbe…
22 terms
Biology 3
organic compound
functional group
monomer
polymer
A covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
The portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
A simple molecule that can combine with other like or unlike…
A large molecule that is formed by more than five monomers, o…
organic compound
A covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
functional group
The portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
Biology Vocabulary 12-3
Complementary
DNA replication
Interphase
Telomere
order of bases on one strand determines the order of bases on…
process of copying DNA
time in-between cell divisions when a cell grows, does metabo…
DNA at the ends of chromosomes
Complementary
order of bases on one strand determines the order of bases on…
DNA replication
process of copying DNA
14 terms
Biology 3.2 Cell Organelles
cytoskeleton
nucleus
endoplasmic reticulum
ribosome
network of proteins, such as microtubules and microfilaments,…
organelle composed of a double membrane that acts as the stor…
interconnected network of thin, folded membranes that... produce…
organelle that links amino acids... together to form proteins. (…
cytoskeleton
network of proteins, such as microtubules and microfilaments,…
nucleus
organelle composed of a double membrane that acts as the stor…
8 terms
Biology: cells KS3
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Cell Wall
A selective barrier which holds the cell together and only le…
A jelly like substance where the chemical reactions take place.
Controls the cell's activity and contains the heredity materi…
A strong, rigid structure made of cellulose that suppots the…
Cell membrane
A selective barrier which holds the cell together and only le…
Cytoplasm
A jelly like substance where the chemical reactions take place.
31 terms
Biology EOC obj. 3
fossil record
biogeography
anatomical homology
molecular homology
using evidence from rocks, youngest on top layer of soil, old…
organisms living in same area are closely related;
structural similarities
DNA for organisms is similar
fossil record
using evidence from rocks, youngest on top layer of soil, old…
biogeography
organisms living in same area are closely related;
18 terms
Biology Chapter 5.3
fragmentation
budding
binary fission
gametes
asexual reproduction in which parent organism breaks into pie…
asexual reproduction in which parent cell forms a bubble-like…
asexual reproduction in which the fully grown parent cell spl…
haploid reproductive cells
fragmentation
asexual reproduction in which parent organism breaks into pie…
budding
asexual reproduction in which parent cell forms a bubble-like…
12 terms
Evolution 3 Hong Biology
gene pool
relative frequency
stabilizing selection
directional selection
consists of all genes, including the different alleles that a…
(allele frequency) number of times that an allele appears in…
individuals near the center of the curve have the highest fit…
individuals at one end of the curve have a higher fitness
gene pool
consists of all genes, including the different alleles that a…
relative frequency
(allele frequency) number of times that an allele appears in…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 2.3
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
mono-sac-charide
single units - atoms or molecules - that bind together to mak…
a large unit of monomers, linked together like the beads on a…
compounds made up of Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen, usually in…
3 kinds of single sugar molecules:... glucose... galactose (milk)... f…
monomer
single units - atoms or molecules - that bind together to mak…
polymer
a large unit of monomers, linked together like the beads on a…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 3.3-3.5
cell membrane
Phospholipid Bilayer
Phospholipid
Cholesterol
barrier that separates a cell from the external environment
Two layers of phospholipids that make up the cell membrane
A polar (likes water) head made out of glycerol and a phospha…
Inside the phospholipid bilayer, strengthens the membrane
cell membrane
barrier that separates a cell from the external environment
Phospholipid Bilayer
Two layers of phospholipids that make up the cell membrane
10 terms
Biology 3
Basic body chem... Oxygen
Basic body chem... Carbon
Basic body chem... Hydrogen
Basic body chem... Nitrogen
65%
18.5%
9.5%
3.3%
Basic body chem... Oxygen
65%
Basic body chem... Carbon
18.5%
5 terms
Biology chapter 3.3
Cell membrane
Phospholipid
fluid mosaic model
selective permeability
-forms boundary between inside and outside of a cell... -control…
composed of 3 parts... -charged phosphate group... -two fatty acid…
describes arrangement of molecules that make up a cell membrane
allows some materials but not all into the cell from the outs…
Cell membrane
-forms boundary between inside and outside of a cell... -control…
Phospholipid
composed of 3 parts... -charged phosphate group... -two fatty acid…
10 terms
Biology 3.3 Vocabulary
Biology 3.3 Vocabulary
process in which elements, chemical co…
process by which water changes from a…
loss of water from a plant through its…
Biology 3.3 Vocabulary
biogeochemical cycle
evaporation
transpiration
Biology 3.3 Vocabulary
Biology 3.3 Vocabulary
process in which elements, chemical co…
biogeochemical cycle
27 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 3
light microscope
electron microscope
magnification
resolution
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons to magnify obje…
the increase of an object's apparent size by using lenses or…
in microscopes, the ability to form images with fine detail
light microscope
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
electron microscope
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons to magnify obje…
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