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Study sets matching "biology 4 animal"

84 terms
Animal Biology Test 4
Functions of the Urinary System
Osmoregulation
Ammonia
Urea
Osmoregulation... Regulation of pH of body fluids... Removal of nit…
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
nitrogen containing waste product formed when proteins are br…
primary nitrogen containing waste product humans produce
Functions of the Urinary System
Osmoregulation... Regulation of pH of body fluids... Removal of nit…
Osmoregulation
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
84 terms
Animal Biology Test 4
Functions of the Urinary System
Osmoregulation
Ammonia
Urea
Osmoregulation... Regulation of pH of body fluids... Removal of nit…
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
nitrogen containing waste product formed when proteins are br…
primary nitrogen containing waste product humans produce
Functions of the Urinary System
Osmoregulation... Regulation of pH of body fluids... Removal of nit…
Osmoregulation
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
23 terms
chapter 4 #Animal Biology
According to Charles Darwin, evolution…
The idea that the earth is shaped toda…
The idea that the earth is shaped toda…
The discovery of fossils of horses, gi…
A) natural selection
A) uniformitarianism.
C) James Hutton and Charles Lyell
B) the species composition of the earth has changed through g…
According to Charles Darwin, evolution…
A) natural selection
The idea that the earth is shaped toda…
A) uniformitarianism.
58 terms
Animal Biology - Worms (4-5)
3 phylums
Phylum Platyhelminthes means
Platyhelminthes symmetry
What do most members exhibit
flatworms (platyhelminthes), roundworms (nematoda), segmented…
flat woem
bilateral symmetry
cephalization
3 phylums
flatworms (platyhelminthes), roundworms (nematoda), segmented…
Phylum Platyhelminthes means
flat woem
15 terms
Animal Biology Chapter 4
Taxonomy
Binomial Nomenclature
Taxon
Domain
The area of biological sciences devoted to identification, na…
System of naming in which each organism is indicated by two w…
A taxonomic category or group, such as phylum, order, family,…
Any of three primary divisions of living systems, consisting…
Taxonomy
The area of biological sciences devoted to identification, na…
Binomial Nomenclature
System of naming in which each organism is indicated by two w…
39 terms
Animal Biology - Chapter 4
Cell Theory
Surface-area-to-volume ratio
Prokaryotic Cells
2 taxonomic domains prokaryotic cells…
-all organisms are composed of cells... -all cells come only fro…
requires that cells be small
-lack a membrane-bound nucleus... -structurally smaller and simp…
-bacteria... -archaea
Cell Theory
-all organisms are composed of cells... -all cells come only fro…
Surface-area-to-volume ratio
requires that cells be small
73 terms
Animal Biology Test 4
Genes
Alleles
Genotype
Phenotype
Units of instruction for producing or influencing a trait
Different forms of a gene for a specific trait... EX: Eye Color…
The actual genes present
The observable trait
Genes
Units of instruction for producing or influencing a trait
Alleles
Different forms of a gene for a specific trait... EX: Eye Color…
67 terms
Animal Biology Test 4
Richard Owen
Homeothermic
How do we know dinosaurs were homeothe…
Digested food through...
coined the term dinosaur
having a body temp that is constant and largely independent o…
by looking at the amount of prey to predator ratio in fossils…
a gizzard, eating rocks
Richard Owen
coined the term dinosaur
Homeothermic
having a body temp that is constant and largely independent o…
66 terms
Animal Biology Exam 4
Assimilation of carbohydrates
Assimilation of lipids
Assimilation of proteins
Steps of assimilation
salivary amylase breaks down in mouth... in the lumen of the sma…
lingual lipase breaks down in mouth... bile salts and pancreatic…
mechanical transportation takes proteins to the stomach where…
physical processing... luminal digestion... membrane digestion... upta…
Assimilation of carbohydrates
salivary amylase breaks down in mouth... in the lumen of the sma…
Assimilation of lipids
lingual lipase breaks down in mouth... bile salts and pancreatic…
26 terms
Ch 4 Animal Biology
organic carbon always has a hydrogen a…
sulfhydryl group (-SH)
abiotic compounds cycled through the a…
Both -COOH and -NH2
Inorganic carbon such as CO2 differs from organic carbon beca…
The chemical group that helps stabilize protein structure is…
In Miller's 1953 laboratory experiment, __________.
Which of the following is found in all amino acids?
organic carbon always has a hydrogen a…
Inorganic carbon such as CO2 differs from organic carbon beca…
sulfhydryl group (-SH)
The chemical group that helps stabilize protein structure is…
19 terms
animal biology test 4
phylum echinodermata characteristics
phylum echinodermata class asteroidea…
class asteroidea pedicellariae
madreporite
- triploblastic coelomates... - deuterostomes... - calcareous endos…
- sea stars... - 5 or more arms... - mouth downward on oral surface…
aboral surface usually rough and spiny and have pincher like…
calcareous sieve leading to the water vascular system - coelo…
phylum echinodermata characteristics
- triploblastic coelomates... - deuterostomes... - calcareous endos…
phylum echinodermata class asteroidea…
- sea stars... - 5 or more arms... - mouth downward on oral surface…
Animal Biology Ch. 4
Taxonomy
Binomial Nomenclature
Taxon
Domain
the area of biological sciences devoted to the identification…
system of naming organisms in which each organism is indicate…
a taxonomic category such as phylum, order, family, species
3 primary divisions of living systems, eukaryotes, bacteria,…
Taxonomy
the area of biological sciences devoted to the identification…
Binomial Nomenclature
system of naming organisms in which each organism is indicate…
73 terms
Animal Biology Test 4
Genes
Alleles
Genotype
Phenotype
Units of instruction for producing or influencing a trait
Different forms of a gene for a specific trait... EX: Eye Color…
The actual genes present
The observable trait
Genes
Units of instruction for producing or influencing a trait
Alleles
Different forms of a gene for a specific trait... EX: Eye Color…
62 terms
Chapter 4 Animal Biology
Cell theory
Prokaryotic Cell
2 domains of prokaryotic cells
basic shapes of prokaryotic cells
1. All cells come only from preexisting cells... 2. all organism…
Lack a membrane bound nucleus, structurally smaller and simpl…
bacteria, archea
bacillius, coccus, spirilla, spirochetes
Cell theory
1. All cells come only from preexisting cells... 2. all organism…
Prokaryotic Cell
Lack a membrane bound nucleus, structurally smaller and simpl…
Animal Biology Chapter 4
The Cell
The Cell Theory
Surface-Area-To-Volume ratio
2 different types of cells that occurs…
The smallest unit of living matter- basic unit of life
All organisms are composed of cells- cells are the basic unit…
Higher ratio=Smaller cell= increasing efficiency of transport…
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic
The Cell
The smallest unit of living matter- basic unit of life
The Cell Theory
All organisms are composed of cells- cells are the basic unit…
41 terms
Animal Biology Chapter 4
Cell theory
prokaryotes
Bacillus
Coccus
1.All organisms are composed of cells... 2.Cells are the basic u…
Are prokaryotes or eukaryotes more abundant?
rod-shaped bacterium
Spherical-shaped bacterium, can occur in clusters
Cell theory
1.All organisms are composed of cells... 2.Cells are the basic u…
prokaryotes
Are prokaryotes or eukaryotes more abundant?
41 terms
Animal Biology Chapter 4
plasma membrane
cell wall
glycocalyx
nuclear pores
lipid bilayer with embedded and peripheral proteins
maintains the shape of the cell and is strengthened by peptid…
layer of polysaccharides on the outside of the cell wall
permit exchange between nucleoplasm and cytoplasm
plasma membrane
lipid bilayer with embedded and peripheral proteins
cell wall
maintains the shape of the cell and is strengthened by peptid…
123 terms
Unit 4 biology- Animals
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Basal metabolic rate
Set of chemical reactions, creates energy by breaking down fo…
Forming smaller subunits from larger ones
Forming larger units from small subunits (eg. Plants: glucose…
Minimum amount of Energy required to keep you alive
Metabolism
Set of chemical reactions, creates energy by breaking down fo…
Catabolism
Forming smaller subunits from larger ones
85 terms
Animal Biology test 4
Kidneys account for ___ of body weight
Functions of the Urinary System
Ammonia
urea
1%
Excretion of Nitrogen-Containing Wastes... Maintain salt and wat…
product of protein metabolism... highly toxic... immediately conver…
Primary nitrogen containing waste... much less toxic
Kidneys account for ___ of body weight
1%
Functions of the Urinary System
Excretion of Nitrogen-Containing Wastes... Maintain salt and wat…
14 terms
Biology Animals (Unit 4)
Animal Phylum and Common Names
Porifera Phylum and Distinguishing fea…
What makes an animal an animal?
Classifying an animal within kingdom
1. Porifera- Sponges... 2. Cnidaria- jellyfish ... 3. Mollusca- mol…
Sponges... No gut ... no true tissue... sessile ... lack embryonic tissue…
Multicellular, no cell wall, cells not capable of independent…
Embryonic cell layers- Mesoderm= muscle tissue and bone; Ecto…
Animal Phylum and Common Names
1. Porifera- Sponges... 2. Cnidaria- jellyfish ... 3. Mollusca- mol…
Porifera Phylum and Distinguishing fea…
Sponges... No gut ... no true tissue... sessile ... lack embryonic tissue…
84 terms
Animal Biology Test 4
Functions of the Urinary System
Osmoregulation
Ammonia
Urea
Osmoregulation... Regulation of pH of body fluids... Removal of nit…
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
nitrogen containing waste product formed when proteins are br…
primary nitrogen containing waste product humans produce
Functions of the Urinary System
Osmoregulation... Regulation of pH of body fluids... Removal of nit…
Osmoregulation
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
66 terms
animal biology test 4
osmoregulation
regulation of pH of body fluids, remov…
ammonia
urea
regulation of salt and water balance of body fluids
functions of urinary system
formed by broken down proteins, extremely toxic, forms urea
nitrogen containing waste humans produce
osmoregulation
regulation of salt and water balance of body fluids
regulation of pH of body fluids, remov…
functions of urinary system
94 terms
Animal Biology Test 4
1 percent
1/4
Ammonia
Urea
Kidneys account for ... of body weight
... of cardiac output is delivered to kidneys each minute
product of protein metabolism; highly toxic; immediately conv…
primary nitrogen-containing waste produced in humans; much le…
1 percent
Kidneys account for ... of body weight
1/4
... of cardiac output is delivered to kidneys each minute
35 terms
Domestic Animal Biology- Lecture 4
Botulism
Curare
Insecticides
Tetanus
No muscle tone... Flaccid paralysis... -ACh is prevented from relea…
Blocks the ACh receptor
Anti-Cholinesterase... Causes spastic paralysis... -Makes muscles m…
Spastic Paralysis... -Toxin inhibits the release of inhibitory n…
Botulism
No muscle tone... Flaccid paralysis... -ACh is prevented from relea…
Curare
Blocks the ACh receptor
84 terms
Animal Biology Test 4
Functions of the Urinary System
Osmoregulation
Ammonia
Urea
Osmoregulation... Regulation of pH of body fluids... Removal of nit…
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
nitrogen containing waste product formed when proteins are br…
primary nitrogen containing waste product humans produce
Functions of the Urinary System
Osmoregulation... Regulation of pH of body fluids... Removal of nit…
Osmoregulation
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
84 terms
Animal Biology Test 4
Functions of the Urinary System
Osmoregulation
Ammonia
Urea
Osmoregulation... Regulation of pH of body fluids... Removal of nit…
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
nitrogen containing waste product formed when proteins are br…
primary nitrogen containing waste product humans produce
Functions of the Urinary System
Osmoregulation... Regulation of pH of body fluids... Removal of nit…
Osmoregulation
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
59 terms
Test 4 Animal Biology
Kidneys account for how much of body w…
1/4 of the cardiac output is delivered…
Osmoregulation
Ammonia
1%
minute
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
formed when proteins are broken down; extremely toxic; immedi…
Kidneys account for how much of body w…
1%
1/4 of the cardiac output is delivered…
minute
154 terms
Animal Biology Test 4
Kidneys account for what percent of bo…
How much of the cardiac output is deli…
Osmoregulation
Ammonia
1%
1/4
Regulation of the salt & water balance of body fluids
Formed when proteins are broken down, extremely toxic, & conv…
Kidneys account for what percent of bo…
1%
How much of the cardiac output is deli…
1/4
76 terms
Animal Biology Exam 4
What are monotrines
What are an example of monotrines
What is Darwinism, or what are the law…
Parts of a jellyfish
mammals that lay eggs
platypus or echidna
...
statocyst, which are for equilibrium... ocelli, which are light-…
What are monotrines
mammals that lay eggs
What are an example of monotrines
platypus or echidna
56 terms
Animal biology chapter 3&4
Taxon
Binomial nomenclature
Taxonomy
Phylogeny
Any taxonomic group or entity. ... Homology... Similarity of struct…
Each species has unique two word Latin name.... Created by Carou…
Science of naming and classifying organisms uses hierarchical…
Evolutionary history of a species or group related species.
Taxon
Any taxonomic group or entity. ... Homology... Similarity of struct…
Binomial nomenclature
Each species has unique two word Latin name.... Created by Carou…
78 terms
Animal Biology Test 4
Viral Diseases
Bacterial Diseases
STDs: HIV/Aids
STDs: Genital Warts
- CAN NOT be treated with antibiotics... - HIV... - Genital Warts... -…
- CAN be treated with antibiotics... - Chlamydia... - Gonorrhea... - S…
- HIV causes AIDS... - Last stage of an HIV infection... - Helper T…
- Caused by Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs)... - Transmission: Ski…
Viral Diseases
- CAN NOT be treated with antibiotics... - HIV... - Genital Warts... -…
Bacterial Diseases
- CAN be treated with antibiotics... - Chlamydia... - Gonorrhea... - S…
84 terms
Animal Biology Test 4
Fertilization
Zona Pellucida
Cleavage
Growth
union of the egg and sperm; forms a single cell called the zy…
the egg plasma membrane is surrounded by an acellular material
Early cell divisions resulting in an increase in the number o…
cells undergo division as well as increase in size
Fertilization
union of the egg and sperm; forms a single cell called the zy…
Zona Pellucida
the egg plasma membrane is surrounded by an acellular material
91 terms
Animal Biology Test 4
Functions of the Urinary System
Osmoregulation
Ammonia
Urea
Osmoregulation... Regulation of pH of body fluids... Removal of nit…
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
nitrogen containing waste product... formed when proteins are br…
primary nitrogen containing waste humans produce very little…
Functions of the Urinary System
Osmoregulation... Regulation of pH of body fluids... Removal of nit…
Osmoregulation
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
52 terms
Animal Biology Test 4
Cerebellum
Cerebrum
2 types of frontal lobes
Posterior frontal lobe
Muscle coordination (e.g. posture, balance)... Skilled sports, p…
Dominant structure in human brain... Outer layer = cortex --> 1/…
1. Posterior... 2. Anterior
Primary motor cortex... Axons to skeletal muscles... Fine control:…
Cerebellum
Muscle coordination (e.g. posture, balance)... Skilled sports, p…
Cerebrum
Dominant structure in human brain... Outer layer = cortex --> 1/…
114 terms
Animal Biology Exam 4
53.All sharks are ovoviviparous? True…
The pincer-like structures on the abor…
The term "tetrapod" refers to amphibia…
The term "amniote" refers to reptiles,…
False
True
False
True
53.All sharks are ovoviviparous? True…
False
The pincer-like structures on the abor…
True
38 terms
Biology Exam 4 Animals
Supergroup Unikonta... Clade Metazoan
Supergroup Unikonta... Clade Metazoan... Phy…
Supergroup Unikonta... Clade Metazoan... Spo…
Supergroup Unikonta... Clade Eumetazoan
Animals... -heterotrophic... -cells lack cell walls... -multicellular…
Sponges... -all aquatic and mostly marine... -only animals that lac…
-ephermal habitats (water only certain times of year)... -zooxan…
-all have tissues... -Radiate Animals... -aquatic, radial symmetry…
Supergroup Unikonta... Clade Metazoan
Animals... -heterotrophic... -cells lack cell walls... -multicellular…
Supergroup Unikonta... Clade Metazoan... Phy…
Sponges... -all aquatic and mostly marine... -only animals that lac…
16 terms
Animal Biology Exam 4
What is the apical membrane of enteroc…
How is lactose assimilated?
How does a baby iguana express lactase…
The pH of the lumen is...
Basolateral membrane
Broken into glucose and galactose by lactase, and then diffus…
It doesn't
neutral
What is the apical membrane of enteroc…
Basolateral membrane
How is lactose assimilated?
Broken into glucose and galactose by lactase, and then diffus…
65 terms
Biology Exam 4 Animals
Hormone
Nervous System
Endocrine System
Endocrine Signaling
Secreted into extracellular fluid, circulates in the blood an…
1) Very quick response... 2) Short duration... 3) localized effect
1) Slower response... 2) Longer duration... 3) spread throughout bo…
Diffuse into blood stream and trigger responses in target cel…
Hormone
Secreted into extracellular fluid, circulates in the blood an…
Nervous System
1) Very quick response... 2) Short duration... 3) localized effect
75 terms
Test 4: Animal Biology
About how many genes do humans have?
Each somatic cells contains about how…
Total DNA in human body...
What are genes?
25,000 genes
2
100 trillion meters of DNA... Enough DNA to go from Earth to the…
Units of instruction for producing or influencing a trait
About how many genes do humans have?
25,000 genes
Each somatic cells contains about how…
2
11 terms
BIOLOGY - INTRO TO THE ANIMAL - PART 4
INDIRECT DEVELOPMENT
DIRECT DEVELOPMENT
COMPLEX ANIMALS TEND TO HAVE:
ANIMALS THAT REPRODUCE SEXUALLY BEGIN…
some animals have immature intermediate stages (such as larva…
young animal is born with same appearance and way of life as…
- high levels of cell specialization and internal body organi…
zygote or fertilized egg
INDIRECT DEVELOPMENT
some animals have immature intermediate stages (such as larva…
DIRECT DEVELOPMENT
young animal is born with same appearance and way of life as…
52 terms
Biology of animals week 4
Phylum Mollusca
Phylum Mollusca characteristics (5)
cephalization
mantle
Molluscs, octopus, chitons, snails, ect
-true coelom... -complete organ system... -cephalization... -mantle... -f…
concentration of nerve tissue to one end of the body
folds of skin
Phylum Mollusca
Molluscs, octopus, chitons, snails, ect
Phylum Mollusca characteristics (5)
-true coelom... -complete organ system... -cephalization... -mantle... -f…
21 terms
Biology Exam 4 Animals
what are animals most closely related…
metabolism
movement
how do animals respond to stimuli?
fungi
heterotrophic always, with internal digestion/absorption
must be motile at some point in life cycle (even larval stage)
rapidly due to most animals having muscle cells and nerve cells
what are animals most closely related…
fungi
metabolism
heterotrophic always, with internal digestion/absorption
56 terms
Animal biology chapter 3&4
Taxon
Binomial nomenclature
Taxonomy
Phylogeny
Any taxonomic group or entity. ... Homology... Similarity of struct…
Each species has unique two word Latin name.... Created by Carou…
Science of naming and classifying organisms uses hierarchical…
Evolutionary history of a species or group related species.
Taxon
Any taxonomic group or entity. ... Homology... Similarity of struct…
Binomial nomenclature
Each species has unique two word Latin name.... Created by Carou…
30 terms
Animal Biology (lecture pack #4)
1st eukaryotes
1st multicellular organisms
stages in early animal evolution, prot…
sponges
2-1.5 bya
~1 bya (Choanoflagellate-aggregation of unicellular)
1. hollow sphere of cells (aggregation of identical cells)... 2.…
-best living analog to early animals... -simplest are loose asso…
1st eukaryotes
2-1.5 bya
1st multicellular organisms
~1 bya (Choanoflagellate-aggregation of unicellular)
22 terms
Animals: Biology Exam #4
blastula
sponges
cnidarians
molluscs
zygotes that divides by mitosis to form a hollow ball of cells
have no true tissue, usually lack body symmetry, and usually…
radial symmetry, (cnidocysts-stinging cells), and examples ar…
muscular foot,visceral mass, mantle, and circulatory system
blastula
zygotes that divides by mitosis to form a hollow ball of cells
sponges
have no true tissue, usually lack body symmetry, and usually…
61 terms
Biology 1215 lab 4: Invertebrate Animal Diversity
Characteristics all animals have in co…
Animal Evolution
Relationships between Animal Phyla
Protostomes
1. Animals are multicellular eukaryotes.... 2. They are heterotr…
Animals are thought to have evolved from a protist ancestor.…
The relationships between the animal phyla were roughed out i…
During embryonic development, the mouth is the first opening…
Characteristics all animals have in co…
1. Animals are multicellular eukaryotes.... 2. They are heterotr…
Animal Evolution
Animals are thought to have evolved from a protist ancestor.…
21 terms
biology chapter 4 animal cell
true nucleus
animal and plant
double layer made of phospholipids
-separates the inside from the outside…
the main difference between prokariotic and eukaryotic cells…
2 main types of eukaryotic cells
cell membrane structure
function of cell membrane
true nucleus
the main difference between prokariotic and eukaryotic cells…
animal and plant
2 main types of eukaryotic cells
46 terms
Biology Exam #4 Animal Evolution
What classifies an animal?
What are animals?
What branch are animals a part of?
Hierarchy of Organization
-Heterotroph... -Movement... -Multicellular
-Multicellular heterotrophs that ingest food... -Sexual reproduc…
Eukarya
Larger body size requires more complex systems
What classifies an animal?
-Heterotroph... -Movement... -Multicellular
What are animals?
-Multicellular heterotrophs that ingest food... -Sexual reproduc…
8 terms
Biology Animal Behavior Chapter 4
Behavioral Genetics
Mendel's Laws
Singel Locus effect
Quantitative Trait Loci
Is a field in which variation among individuals is separated…
Principle of segregation... Independent assortment
One gene might be responsible for the presence or lack of one…
Is a section of DNA that correlates with variation in a pheno…
Behavioral Genetics
Is a field in which variation among individuals is separated…
Mendel's Laws
Principle of segregation... Independent assortment
21 terms
Animal Biology Ch. 1-4
Dead Skin accounts for
Your Skin sheds
An average adult's skin
The skin releases up to
a billion tons of dust in the atmosphere
50,000 every minute
span's 21 square feet, weighs 9 pounds, contains greater than…
3 gallons of sweat a day in hot weather
Dead Skin accounts for
a billion tons of dust in the atmosphere
Your Skin sheds
50,000 every minute
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