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Study sets matching "biology 4 pre ap"

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Study sets matching "biology 4 pre ap"

24 terms
Biology Pre-AP Root Words List 4
mensis
mesos
meta
micro
month
middle
between, change
small
mensis
month
mesos
middle
20 terms
pre-ap biology chapter 4
cellular respiration
photosynthesis
glycolysis
autotroph
process of producing ATP by breaking down carbon based molecu…
process by which plants use the sun's energy to convert water…
the break down of glucose by enzymes
organisms capable of synthesizing its own food from simple or…
cellular respiration
process of producing ATP by breaking down carbon based molecu…
photosynthesis
process by which plants use the sun's energy to convert water…
Pre-AP Biology 4
Protein synthesis begins when a strand…
What is the job of all cells?
Explain Griffith's experiment. What di…
Importance of Rosalind Franklin in det…
DNA, bases, triplet, mRNA, transcription, nucleus, cytoplasm,…
To make proteins
Frederick Griffith studied bacteria cause pneumonia. Smooth s…
Discovered that DNA is like 2 strand of twisted rope, and tha…
Protein synthesis begins when a strand…
DNA, bases, triplet, mRNA, transcription, nucleus, cytoplasm,…
What is the job of all cells?
To make proteins
19 terms
biology pre ap photosynthesis quiz 10/4
photosynthesis
chloroplast structure
stroma
chlorophyll
the process by which the energy from the sun is converted to…
outer membrane, inner membrane, granum (grana), thylakoid, st…
jelly like fluid surrounding grana
main energy absorbing pigments in chloroplast, absorbs mostly…
photosynthesis
the process by which the energy from the sun is converted to…
chloroplast structure
outer membrane, inner membrane, granum (grana), thylakoid, st…
12 terms
Pre-Ap Biology Vocab #4
diffusion
active transport
passive transport
osmosis
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
The transportation of materials across a plasma membrane with…
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
active transport
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
15 terms
Pre-Ap Biology terms 4
Patho
peri
phago
phyto
disease
around, near
to eat
plant
Patho
disease
peri
around, near
25 terms
AP Biology Pre-Assessment
Hydrophobic compounds
Organic compounds
Adenosine triphosphate
Carbohydrates
substances that do not have an affinity for water and are oft…
Compounds containing carbon
molecule storing potential "free energy" for the cell
compounds that serve as fuel and building material for the cell
Hydrophobic compounds
substances that do not have an affinity for water and are oft…
Organic compounds
Compounds containing carbon
10 terms
Pre-AP Biology Vocabulary #4
cyto-
de-
dendro-
di-
cell
take away, remove, from
tree
two
cyto-
cell
de-
take away, remove, from
40 terms
Macromolecules Pre-AP Biology
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
The four Macromolecules are...
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHON
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHONP
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
The four Macromolecules are...
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
61 terms
Pre-AP Biology Ch. 4
A basic unit of living matter separate…
-DNA... -ribosomes... -plasma membrane
The lenses refract visible light to ma…
-frog egg... -Paramecium... -human egg... -most…
What is a cell?
What general characteristics do all cell's have?
How does a light microscope work?
What things can be seen with a light microscope?
A basic unit of living matter separate…
What is a cell?
-DNA... -ribosomes... -plasma membrane
What general characteristics do all cell's have?
54 terms
Pre AP Biology Latin #4
hipp-
hist-
holo-
homo-
horse
tissue
entire, whole
man, same, alike
hipp-
horse
hist-
tissue
40 terms
Pre AP Biology Unit 4
Who developed the one gene-one enzyme…
What was the one gene-one enzyme hypot…
What is transcription?
How is mRNA synthesized?
George Beadle and Edward Tatum
the one gene - one polypeptide (protein) hypothesis;
the process of making a working copy of an original
by an enzyme called RNA Polymerase
Who developed the one gene-one enzyme…
George Beadle and Edward Tatum
What was the one gene-one enzyme hypot…
the one gene - one polypeptide (protein) hypothesis;
51 terms
Pre-Ap Biology Unit 4
The 4 stages of the Cell Cycle
The length of Gap 1 varies most widely…
Some cells (such as neurons) are unlik…
Mitosis divides the cell's nucleus int…
Interphase- Three stages: G1, S, G2... M Phase- all the phases o…
Skin cell- 2 weeks... Red blood cell- 4 months... Liver cell- 300-5…
G0
Prophase - before... Metaphase- middle... Anaphase- after... Telophase…
The 4 stages of the Cell Cycle
Interphase- Three stages: G1, S, G2... M Phase- all the phases o…
The length of Gap 1 varies most widely…
Skin cell- 2 weeks... Red blood cell- 4 months... Liver cell- 300-5…
60 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 4
1. All living things come from cells... 2…
-light microscopes can effectively mag…
?Light microscopes can effectively mag…
Resolution becomes lower as magnificat…
What are the 3 parts of cell theory?
What are the advantages of using a light microscope?
What are the disadvantages of using a light microscope
What are the limitations of using a light microscope?
1. All living things come from cells... 2…
What are the 3 parts of cell theory?
-light microscopes can effectively mag…
What are the advantages of using a light microscope?
30 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 4
atom
Protons,Electrons,Neutrons
Proton
Neutron
the smallest basic unit of life
the three sub-atomic particles
Positive charge
Neutral charge
atom
the smallest basic unit of life
Protons,Electrons,Neutrons
the three sub-atomic particles
25 terms
Photosynthesis Zumwalt Pre-AP Biology
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Respiration
6CO2 + 6H2O --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
An organism that makes its own food by converting inorganic m…
An organism that cannot make its own food so digests complex…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O
Photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Autotroph
An organism that makes its own food by converting inorganic m…
36 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 4
Heredity
Gregor Mendel
Homozygous
Heterozygous
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
credited as the founder of genetics
characteristic of having two of the same alleles at the same…
characteristic of having two different alleles that appear at…
Heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
Gregor Mendel
credited as the founder of genetics
36 terms
Unit 4 Pre-AP Biology
Hutton
Lyell
Lamarck
Malthus
geologist who developed the idea of deep time in which Earth'…
popularized idea of uniformitarianism which argues that geolo…
use-disuse, inheritance of acquired characters
wrote on population problems in England, inspired Darwin's id…
Hutton
geologist who developed the idea of deep time in which Earth'…
Lyell
popularized idea of uniformitarianism which argues that geolo…
62 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 4
James Hutton
Charles Lyell
Lamarck
Malthus
Deep time - idea that earth's history is ancient (4.1)
Uniformitarianism - principal that geological processes shapi…
Claimed that whatever an organism tries/utilizes in their lif…
Argued that human population growth would lead to food scarci…
James Hutton
Deep time - idea that earth's history is ancient (4.1)
Charles Lyell
Uniformitarianism - principal that geological processes shapi…
28 terms
pre-ap biology ch. 4
1) every living organism is made of on…
DNA, cytoplasm, ribosomes, membrane
prokaryotes
eukaryotes
three components of the cell theory
what do all cells have
single celled organism, no membrane bound organelle (nucleus,…
organism with membrane bound organelles, ex: plants, animals
1) every living organism is made of on…
three components of the cell theory
DNA, cytoplasm, ribosomes, membrane
what do all cells have
30 terms
Pre-AP Biology: Unit 4
replication
transcription
translation
mutation
copying process by which a cell dupicates its DNA; happens be…
RNA molecules are produced by copying part of a nucleus seque…
decoding of mRNA message into polypeptide chain; takes place…
change in a DNA sequence that affects genetic information
replication
copying process by which a cell dupicates its DNA; happens be…
transcription
RNA molecules are produced by copying part of a nucleus seque…
56 terms
Pre-AP Biology (QUIZ 4)
hipp-
hist-
holo-
homo-
horse
tissue
entire; whole
man
hipp-
horse
hist-
tissue
Pre-AP Biology Vocabulary 4
Ornithology
Osteology
Palentology
Parasitology
The branch of zoology that deals with the study of birds
The branch of anatomy that deals with the structure and funct…
The study of life existing in geological times, as seen in th…
The scientific study of parasites which are organisms that gr…
Ornithology
The branch of zoology that deals with the study of birds
Osteology
The branch of anatomy that deals with the structure and funct…
39 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 4
Nucleus
Ribosomes
endoplasmic reticulum
phospholipid
stores genetic information
form proteins by linking amino acids together
aids in the production of proteins and lipids
molecule composed of three basic parts:... a charged phosphate g…
Nucleus
stores genetic information
Ribosomes
form proteins by linking amino acids together
33 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 4
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
created the first microscope by placing several magnifying le…
used early microscope to observe many things, including slice…
All living things are composed of cells. Cells are the smalle…
contain no nucleus, first cells to appear on earth; no organe…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
created the first microscope by placing several magnifying le…
Robert Hooke
used early microscope to observe many things, including slice…
16 terms
Pre-AP Biology - MEIOSIS
MEIOSIS
HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES
HAPLOID
DIPLOID
Type of cell division that produces 4 different haploid daugh…
Chromosomes that are the same size and shape but are not iden…
Describes a cell like a sperm or egg that has only one set of…
Describes a body (somatic) cell that contains both sets of ho…
MEIOSIS
Type of cell division that produces 4 different haploid daugh…
HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES
Chromosomes that are the same size and shape but are not iden…
38 terms
Pre-AP Biology - DNA
REPLICATION
TRANSCRIPTION
TRANSLATION
CHROMATIN
Process by which a cell copies its DNA (DNA → DNA)
Process in which a sequence of DNA is copied into a complemen…
Process of decoding an mRNA message into a polypeptide (prote…
DNA with attached proteins which is LOOSELY PACKED in NONDIVI…
REPLICATION
Process by which a cell copies its DNA (DNA → DNA)
TRANSCRIPTION
Process in which a sequence of DNA is copied into a complemen…
34 terms
Pre-AP Biology - BIOSPHERE
ECOLOGY
BIOSPHERE
SPECIES
POPULATION
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
the parts of the planet including land, water or atmosphere i…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
group of individuals that belong to the same species and live…
ECOLOGY
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
BIOSPHERE
the parts of the planet including land, water or atmosphere i…
12 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 10 Vocabulary List 4
Light Independent Reaction
Calvin Cycle
Inorganic Carbon
Carbon Fixation
Set of reactions in photosynthesis that do not require light;…
Reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADP…
Not included in compounds formed by living organisms. Does no…
The incorporation of carbon from carbon dioxide into an organ…
Light Independent Reaction
Set of reactions in photosynthesis that do not require light;…
Calvin Cycle
Reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADP…
25 terms
Pre-AP Biology - GENETICS
GENETICS
FERTILIZATION
TRAIT
TRUE-BREEDING (PURE)
the scientific study of heredity
process in which male and female reproductive cells join to f…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves if a…
GENETICS
the scientific study of heredity
FERTILIZATION
process in which male and female reproductive cells join to f…
29 terms
Pre-AP Biology - MITOSIS
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
centromere
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the nucleus div…
phase of cell division in which the cytoplasm is split betwee…
one of two identical "sister" arms that make up a duplicated…
area on a chromosome that holds chromatids together and to wh…
mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the nucleus div…
cytokinesis
phase of cell division in which the cytoplasm is split betwee…
19 terms
Pre-AP Biology vocabulary chapter 4
ATP
ADP
Chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
is a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of foo…
is a lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by…
is a process by which some organisms use chemical energy to m…
is a process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugar…
ATP
is a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of foo…
ADP
is a lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by…
26 terms
Pre-AP Biology - EVOLUTION
EVOLUTION
THEORY
HYPOTHESIS
FOSSIL
Change over time; The process by which modern organisms have…
A well- supported, testable explanation of phenomena that hav…
a possible explanation for a set of observations or a possibl…
The preserved remains of an ancient organism
EVOLUTION
Change over time; The process by which modern organisms have…
THEORY
A well- supported, testable explanation of phenomena that hav…
31 terms
Pre-AP Biology Test: C.4
Cell
Robert Hooke discovered cells in cork…
He observed living cells for the first…
First part of Cell Theory
smallest unit that can carry out the characteristics of life
1665
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
all organisms are made of at least 1 cell
Cell
smallest unit that can carry out the characteristics of life
Robert Hooke discovered cells in cork…
1665
76 terms
Pre-AP Biology U4 Test 2
fluid mosaic models
phospholipid bilayer
cholesterol
make the membrane stable and flexible
model that shows how the membrane is flexible, semi-permeable…
4 carbon rings and 1 fatty acid
what is the function of cholesterol?
fluid mosaic models
model that shows how the membrane is flexible, semi-permeable…
phospholipid bilayer
24 terms
Unit 4 biology pre AP
Enzymes
Substrate
Active site
Phospholipid bilayer
Protein that acts as a biological catalyst
Reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction
The site on an enzyme that attaches to a substrate
A double layer of phosphorus and that is a structural compone…
Enzymes
Protein that acts as a biological catalyst
Substrate
Reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction
43 terms
PreAP Biology - Ch 4 Vocab
Basal Body
Cell
Cell communication
Cell cortex
centriole which, after giving rise to microtubules of a flage…
smallest living unit, it can survive and reproduce on its own…
mechanisms by which free-living cells of a species or the cel…
a dynamic, crosslinked mesh of cytoskeletal elements under pl…
Basal Body
centriole which, after giving rise to microtubules of a flage…
Cell
smallest living unit, it can survive and reproduce on its own…
38 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 4
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
The basic unit of matter
The center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
Negatively charged particle; located in the space surrounding…
Pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
Atom
The basic unit of matter
Nucleus
The center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
14 terms
Unit 4 pre ap biology
adenosine triphosphate... [ATP]
phosphorylation
redox reaction
calvin cycle
main energy source for cells
the production of ATP by chemiosmosis during the light reacti…
A chemical reaction involving the transfer of one or more ele…
The second of two stages of photosynthesis: a cyclic series o…
adenosine triphosphate... [ATP]
main energy source for cells
phosphorylation
the production of ATP by chemiosmosis during the light reacti…
42 terms
Pre AP Biology Chapter 4 Vocab
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
polar zone
The day-to-day condition of the Earth's atmosphere at a parti…
The average year after year conditions of temperature and pre…
The natural situation in which heat is retained by the layer…
Cold areas where the sun's rays strike the earth at a low angle
weather
The day-to-day condition of the Earth's atmosphere at a parti…
climate
The average year after year conditions of temperature and pre…
24 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 4
G1
S
G2
Prophase
Growth Phase
DNA Synthesis
Prepares for Mitosis
DNA condenses into Chromosomes and Nucleus dissolves
G1
Growth Phase
S
DNA Synthesis
12 terms
Unit 4 - Pre AP Biology
SFRQ: Purpose of each radioactive elem…
mRNA modification of the primary trans…
Know Ribosome Structure. ... A Site... P Sit…
Post Translation Modification... Chaperon…
1. Phosphorous 32 = is responsible for labeling/following DNA…
Front: 5' protective cap = acts as a signal for ribosomal par…
A Site: where next + RNA molecule is added.... P Site: where pro…
Post Translation Modification: protein folding that must occu…
SFRQ: Purpose of each radioactive elem…
1. Phosphorous 32 = is responsible for labeling/following DNA…
mRNA modification of the primary trans…
Front: 5' protective cap = acts as a signal for ribosomal par…
53 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 4
Who coined the term cells?
Who was the first person to observe li…
Who said animals are composed of cells?
What are three parts of the cell theory?
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Theodor Schwann (swan - animal)
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. Cells are the small…
Who coined the term cells?
Robert Hooke
Who was the first person to observe li…
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
58 terms
Pre-AP Biology Review
Theory
Evolution
Artificial Selection
Survival of the fittest
proposed explanation for a wide variety of observations and e…
change in a species over time
process by which humans modify a species by breeding it for c…
evolutionary theory as a way of describing the mechanism of n…
Theory
proposed explanation for a wide variety of observations and e…
Evolution
change in a species over time
13 terms
Pre AP Biology set 4
Trait
Sex chromosome
Homozygous
Heterozygous
An organisms specific characteristic
Human males have an xy combination while females have a xx
Occurs when two copies of the allele are the same
Occurs when two copies of the allele are different
Trait
An organisms specific characteristic
Sex chromosome
Human males have an xy combination while females have a xx
15 terms
PRE AP Biology Chapter 4
Light microscope
Magnification
Resolving power
Cell theory
An optical instrument with lenses that refract visible light…
An increase in the apparent size of an object
...
The theory that all living things are composed of cells and t…
Light microscope
An optical instrument with lenses that refract visible light…
Magnification
An increase in the apparent size of an object
12 terms
Biology PreAP Genetics vocab 4/4
alb
co
dipl
fila
white
together
double
daughter
alb
white
co
together
38 terms
PreAP Biology Chapter 4
Coarse adjustment and fine adjustment…
You won't be able to get a good readin…
Scanning, low, high
What is the magnification of the ocula…
Which two structures on the microscope will you use to focus…
Why should you never use the coarse adjustment knob on high p…
Our microscopes have three objectives. What are their power?
10x
Coarse adjustment and fine adjustment…
Which two structures on the microscope will you use to focus…
You won't be able to get a good readin…
Why should you never use the coarse adjustment knob on high p…
53 terms
PreAP Biology: Chapter 4
Chemosynthesis
ATP
ADP
Diffusion
A process by which some organisms can use chemical energy to…
A molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food t…
A lower energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
Movement of molecules from high concentration to low concentr…
Chemosynthesis
A process by which some organisms can use chemical energy to…
ATP
A molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food t…
35 terms
Pre-AP Biology - INTRO TO BIOLOGY
ORGANISM
AUTOTROPH
HETEROTROPH
SEXUAL REPRODUCTION
another name for a "living thing"
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the food it consumes; also…
process in which offspring are produced by combining genetic…
ORGANISM
another name for a "living thing"
AUTOTROPH
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
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