Study sets matching "biology 4"

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Biology Ch. 4
leaves, stems, and roots
buds
terminal bud
lateral buds
What are the principal parts of a green plant?
the parts of the stem that allow it to grow in length or to d…
the large bud at the end of the twig that allows the stem to…
buds located along the sides of the twig; grow in the space f…
leaves, stems, and roots
What are the principal parts of a green plant?
buds
the parts of the stem that allow it to grow in length or to d…
45 terms
Biology Ch. 4
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
polar zone
Condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place.
Average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and precip…
Natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
Cold climate zone where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very…
weather
Condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place.
climate
Average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and precip…
520 terms
Biology 4
classification
mammal
reptiles
fish
process of putting things into groups.
a warm-blooded vertebrate animal of a class that is distingui…
vertebrates that live on land, scales cover body, lay eggs, c…
An ectothermic vertebrate that lives in the water and has fins.
classification
process of putting things into groups.
mammal
a warm-blooded vertebrate animal of a class that is distingui…
6 terms
Biology 2-4
Gene expression
Gene regulation
Inverse
Mutation
The process by which the information encoded in a gene is use…
The ability of an organism to regulate which genes are transc…
Backwards
A change in one or more of the nitrogen bases in DNA
Gene expression
The process by which the information encoded in a gene is use…
Gene regulation
The ability of an organism to regulate which genes are transc…
Advanced Biology Ch. 4
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
epithelial tissues
connective tissues
muscle tissues
What are the four basic categories of tissues?
covers body and organ surfaces, lines the inside walls of bod…
joins, supports, and protects body parts; most abundant tissu…
contracts to produce movement
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
What are the four basic categories of tissues?
epithelial tissues
covers body and organ surfaces, lines the inside walls of bod…
9 terms
Biology 1-4
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Chloroplast
Organelle
First cells, without a true nucleus
Cells with a true nucleus
Organelle in plant cells used for photosynthesis
A part of a cell that performs a specific function
Prokaryote
First cells, without a true nucleus
Eukaryote
Cells with a true nucleus
68 terms
biology, biology 4.1
Eye piece
Low objective lens
High objective lens
Stage
The lens or system of lenses of a microscope nearest the user…
The objective lens with low magnification
The objective lens with high magnification
The spot on the microscope where the organism sits
Eye piece
The lens or system of lenses of a microscope nearest the user…
Low objective lens
The objective lens with low magnification
21 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Population Biology
exponential growth
exponential growth
linear growth
carrying capacity
Growth of a population in an ideal, unlimited environment, re…
A population growth pattern where a population grows faster a…
Growth that proceeds at a constant rate over a period of time
Largest number of individuals an environment can support over…
exponential growth
Growth of a population in an ideal, unlimited environment, re…
exponential growth
A population growth pattern where a population grows faster a…
7 terms
Biology 11.4
Homologous
Diploid
Haploid
Meiosis
features that are similar in structure but appear in differen…
an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice t…
an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
Homologous
features that are similar in structure but appear in differen…
Diploid
an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice t…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 4
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
the part of the cytoplasm that includes molecules and small p…
the membrane bound organelle that contains a cell's DNA. Most…
Plasma membrane
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Cytoplasm
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
Biology 4.4: Biomes
Canopy
Understory
Deciduous
Coniferus
Dense covering formed by the leafy tops of tall rain forest t…
A layer of shorter plants that grow in the shade of a forest…
(of plants and shrubs) shedding foliage at the end of the gro…
Evergreens, such as pine trees. They produce seed-bearing con…
Canopy
Dense covering formed by the leafy tops of tall rain forest t…
Understory
A layer of shorter plants that grow in the shade of a forest…
98 terms
Biology Ch.3 and 4
CELL
Prokaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cells
The cell theory
the structural and functional unit of an organism, the smalle…
lack membrane enclosed structures
possess membrane enclosed structures
1- all organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2- cell ar…
CELL
the structural and functional unit of an organism, the smalle…
Prokaryotic cells
lack membrane enclosed structures
Biology 4
ATP
ADP
Chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
is a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of foo…
is a lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by…
process in which chemical energy is used to produce carbohydr…
A process in which solar radiation is chemically captured by…
ATP
is a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of foo…
ADP
is a lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by…
29 terms
Category 4 STAAR BIOLOGY
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis Equation
Cellular Respiration Equation
process which converts light energy to sugar in the chloropla…
process which converts sugar (glucose) into ATP energy in the…
6 CO2 (carbon dioxide) + 6 H2O (water) + sunlight energy => C…
C6H12O6 (glucose) + 6 O2 (oxygen) ---> 6 CO2 (carbon dioxide)…
Photosynthesis
process which converts light energy to sugar in the chloropla…
Cellular Respiration
process which converts sugar (glucose) into ATP energy in the…
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
habitat
day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperatur…
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
process in which certain gases (carbon dioxide, methane, and…
area where an organism lives, including the biotic and abioti…
weather
day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperatur…
climate
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
39 terms
Biology 4
Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis Equation
Chloroplast
Chlorophyll
Process by which plants make glucose from water, carbon dioxi…
Carbon Dioxide + Water --> Glucose + Oxygen
Organelle in which photosynthesis takes place.
Green pigment which absorbs light energy used for photosynthe…
Photosynthesis
Process by which plants make glucose from water, carbon dioxi…
Photosynthesis Equation
Carbon Dioxide + Water --> Glucose + Oxygen
Biology Vocab Chapter 4
Passive Transport
Hypertonic Solution
Concentration gradient
Hypotonic solution
Movement of substances through a cell membrane without the us…
The fluid outside the cell has a higher concentration of diss…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
The fluid inside the cell has a higher concentration of disso…
Passive Transport
Movement of substances through a cell membrane without the us…
Hypertonic Solution
The fluid outside the cell has a higher concentration of diss…
14 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 4.4
vegetative reproduction
vegetative propagation
cutting
adventitious roots
when a new plant starts to grow from a stem, leaf or root
when a person starts a new plant from a root, stem or leaf cu…
a piece of a stem or root which is capable of growing into a…
roots which sprout from the bottom of a cut stem
vegetative reproduction
when a new plant starts to grow from a stem, leaf or root
vegetative propagation
when a person starts a new plant from a root, stem or leaf cu…
37 terms
Biology 4
key roles of cell divison
genome
chromosome
sister chromatid
functions in growth and repair... distributes identical sets of…
cell's DNA and genetic info... prokaryotes: single DNA molecule…
threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in th…
two copies of a duplicated chromosome ... attached at centromere…
key roles of cell divison
functions in growth and repair... distributes identical sets of…
genome
cell's DNA and genetic info... prokaryotes: single DNA molecule…
9 terms
2.4 human biology
the part of the digestive system in wh…
the largest organ in the body creates…
a substance produced by the liver that…
the organ that stores bile after it is…
small intestine
liver
bile
gallbladder
the part of the digestive system in wh…
small intestine
the largest organ in the body creates…
liver
19 terms
IB Biology 4.1 Ecology
Species
Population
Community
Autotrophs
Groups of organisms that can potentially interbreed to produc…
Groups of organisms of the same species, who live in the same…
Populations of different species living together and interact…
Absorb CO2, H2O and inorganic nutrients such as nitrates from…
Species
Groups of organisms that can potentially interbreed to produc…
Population
Groups of organisms of the same species, who live in the same…
IB Biology Topic 4 : Ecology
Ecology
Organism
Species
Population
The science of the relationships between organisms and their…
an individual living thing that uses energy, reproduces, resp…
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
Ecology
The science of the relationships between organisms and their…
Organism
an individual living thing that uses energy, reproduces, resp…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 7.4
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution
Movement of WATER molecules across a membrane from high conce…
equal amounts of water flow in and out of the cell; concentra…
A solution with a LOWER concentration of dissolved substances…
A solution with a HIGHER concentration of dissolved substance…
osmosis
Movement of WATER molecules across a membrane from high conce…
isotonic solution
equal amounts of water flow in and out of the cell; concentra…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 4
age structure
carrying capacity
demographic transition
demography
in any population, the number of individuals in their pre-rep…
largest number of individuals in a species that an environmen…
population change from high birth rates and death rates to lo…
study of human populations based on size, density, movement,…
age structure
in any population, the number of individuals in their pre-rep…
carrying capacity
largest number of individuals in a species that an environmen…
39 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 4
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
The branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
Differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms.
Organic Chemistry
The branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
42 terms
Biology 4 Cells
Prokaryotes vs eukaryotes
Nucleus
Ribosome
mitochondria
Prokaryotes ... - no nucleus... - bacteria/archaea... - no organelles…
organelle in eukaryotic cells. fully enclosed in nuclear memb…
cell structure making protein, found in cytoplasm or attatche…
Primary site of cell respiration and makes ATP.
Prokaryotes vs eukaryotes
Prokaryotes ... - no nucleus... - bacteria/archaea... - no organelles…
Nucleus
organelle in eukaryotic cells. fully enclosed in nuclear memb…
Biology 4
Bacteria
Virus
Host Cell
Lytic cell
Bacteria are microscopic living organisms, usually one-celled…
an infective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid…
a living cell in which a virus multiplies... Ex : human cells
destruction of the infected cell and its membrane , happens g…
Bacteria
Bacteria are microscopic living organisms, usually one-celled…
Virus
an infective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid…
6 terms
Biology 12. 4
groundwater
condense
evaporates
nitrogen fixation
It exists beneath the surface of the land.
when water vapor turns into a liquid
liquid water changes into a gas, known as water vapor
The process by which the bacteria changes nitrogen gas into a…
groundwater
It exists beneath the surface of the land.
condense
when water vapor turns into a liquid
Biology 4
autotroph
cellular respiration
consumer
energy
An organism that makes its own food
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
Ability to do work
autotroph
An organism that makes its own food
cellular respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
37 terms
biology 4
what structure controls what enters an…
which organelle controls the activitie…
which organelle generates energy for t…
which organelle is the cite of photosy…
cell membrane
nucleus
mitochondria
chloroplast
what structure controls what enters an…
cell membrane
which organelle controls the activitie…
nucleus
108 terms
Biology 4
Earth History
fossil evidence
stromatolites
early atmosphere
-Universe perhaps 14-15 billion years old ... ◆ size and expansi…
-oldest fossils... ◆ bacteria-like... ◆ ca. 3.4 billion years old... ◆…
mats of bacterial cells that trap mineral deposits and form t…
no oxygen gas
Earth History
-Universe perhaps 14-15 billion years old ... ◆ size and expansi…
fossil evidence
-oldest fossils... ◆ bacteria-like... ◆ ca. 3.4 billion years old... ◆…
503 terms
Biology #4
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport
Facilitated Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
An active movement where an input of energy is required. Part…
A passive movement of particles from high to low concentratio…
Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
Osmosis
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
22 terms
Biology 4
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Cell Wall
Chloroplast
Cell Membrane
A winding network in which protein folding occurs
Surrounds the cell membrane of PLANT CELLS (but not animal ce…
Organelle that performs photosynthesis in PLANT CELLS (but no…
May be described as "selectively permeable"
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
A winding network in which protein folding occurs
Cell Wall
Surrounds the cell membrane of PLANT CELLS (but not animal ce…
34 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
acts as a barrier between the inside and outside of the cell;…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
18 terms
Biology Vocabulary: Standard 4
DNA
Replication
Fertilization
Dominant Trait
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
DNA is duplicated, takes place during Interphase
A stage in reproduction whereby an egg and a sperm fuse to cr…
An allele that is always expressed if present, ex: AA or Aa
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
Replication
DNA is duplicated, takes place during Interphase
14 terms
Apologia Biology Module 4
extracellular digestion
mycelium
hyphae
rhizoid hyphae
digestion that takes place outside the cell
the part of the fungus that is responsible for extracellular…
a filament of fungal cells
a hyphae that's enbedded in the material of that which the fu…
extracellular digestion
digestion that takes place outside the cell
mycelium
the part of the fungus that is responsible for extracellular…
Modern Biology Chapter 4
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
a concept that states that all living things are made up of c…
or cell membrane, acts as a barrier between the inside and ou…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
a concept that states that all living things are made up of c…
59 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 4
Light Microscope
Magnification
Micrograph
Cell Theory
visible light is passed through a specimen, creating a magnif…
increase of apparent size of an object
image taken from a microscope
all living things are composed of cells and all cells come fr…
Light Microscope
visible light is passed through a specimen, creating a magnif…
Magnification
increase of apparent size of an object
Biology Section 4.4
Cell Wall
Central Vacuole
Plastid
Chloroplast
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
A group of membrane‐bound organelles commonly found in photos…
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
Cell Wall
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
Central Vacuole
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
13 terms
Smith Biology Group 4
inorganic molecules
organic molecules
monomer
polymer
Non-carbon based molecules
Carbon-based molecules
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
inorganic molecules
Non-carbon based molecules
organic molecules
Carbon-based molecules
35 terms
Biology Unit-4: Genetics
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
DNA replication
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
messenger RNA (mRNA)
A nucleic acid molecule consisting of the nucleotides adenine…
The process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
A nucleic acid consisting of the nucleotides adenine, guanine…
A type of RNA synthesized using a DNA template that attaches…
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
A nucleic acid molecule consisting of the nucleotides adenine…
DNA replication
The process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
42 terms
chapter 4 biology
amino acid
carbohydrate
coenzyme
dna
Building blocks of proteins
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
an organic cofactor required for enzyme activity
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
amino acid
Building blocks of proteins
carbohydrate
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Biology 4
ribosomes
mitochondria
Golgi bodies
endoplasmic reticulum
Makes proteins
Energy processor of cell
These package, sort and deliver proteins, "the mailman"
This is the transportation system of the cell.
ribosomes
Makes proteins
mitochondria
Energy processor of cell
7 terms
Biology 4
microbe
micro-organisms
fungus
bacteria
An little organism, especially one that causes disease
Living things that are too small to see with the naked eye
A multicelled microorganism that differs from a bacterium mor…
a very large group of microorganisms comprising one of the th…
microbe
An little organism, especially one that causes disease
micro-organisms
Living things that are too small to see with the naked eye
Biology #4
Bronch-
Cardi-
Carpal-
Endo-
wind pipe
Heart
Wrist
Inside
Bronch-
wind pipe
Cardi-
Heart
5 terms
Biology 4.4
13.Cellular respiration
14.Aerobic
15.Glycolysis
16.Anaerobic
The process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
Process that requires oxygen to occu
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose into pyruvic acid, which m…
Describes a process that does not require oxygen
13.Cellular respiration
The process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
14.Aerobic
Process that requires oxygen to occu
Biology #4
Anaerobic Process
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Aerobic Respiration
Calvin Cycle
A metabolic process that requires oxygen.
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Metabolic process in which pyruvate is broken down and electr…
Light dependent reactions during phase two of photosynthesis…
Anaerobic Process
A metabolic process that requires oxygen.
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
10 terms
biology #4
pedigree
karyotype
carrier
polygenic traits
A list of ancestors, family tree
A display of the chromosome pairs of a cell arranged by size…
A person whose genotype includes a gene that is not expressed…
traits controlled by two or more genes
pedigree
A list of ancestors, family tree
karyotype
A display of the chromosome pairs of a cell arranged by size…
13 terms
Biology Module 4
Extracellular Digestion
Mycelium
Hypha
Rhizoid Hypha
Digestion that takes place outside of the cell
The part of the fungus responsible for extracellular digestio…
A filament of fungal cells
A hypha that is imbedded in the material on which the fungus…
Extracellular Digestion
Digestion that takes place outside of the cell
Mycelium
The part of the fungus responsible for extracellular digestio…
59 terms
Biology #4
What is the difference between cilia a…
What functions are performed by cilia…
What makes cilia and flagella move?
What is the extra cellular matrix, and…
The number and the length. ... Cilia are numerous and are short…
They lead cell movement, and the movement of objects across a…
The 9 peripheral-2 central microtubule structure 9 doublets i…
The area outside the cell (mesh like) every eukaryote has it,…
What is the difference between cilia a…
The number and the length. ... Cilia are numerous and are short…
What functions are performed by cilia…
They lead cell movement, and the movement of objects across a…
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