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Study sets matching "biology 4"

45 terms
Biology Ch. 4
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
polar zone
Condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place.
Average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and precip…
Natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
Cold climate zone where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very…
weather
Condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place.
climate
Average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and precip…
86 terms
Biology Ch. 4
leaves, stems, and roots
buds
terminal bud
lateral buds
What are the principal parts of a green plant?
the parts of the stem that allow it to grow in length or to d…
the large bud at the end of the twig that allows the stem to…
buds located along the sides of the twig; grow in the space f…
leaves, stems, and roots
What are the principal parts of a green plant?
buds
the parts of the stem that allow it to grow in length or to d…
36 terms
Advanced Biology Ch. 4
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
epithelial tissues
connective tissues
muscle tissues
What are the four basic categories of tissues?
covers body and organ surfaces, lines the inside walls of bod…
joins, supports, and protects body parts; most abundant tissu…
contracts to produce movement
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
What are the four basic categories of tissues?
epithelial tissues
covers body and organ surfaces, lines the inside walls of bod…
520 terms
Biology 4
classification
mammal
reptiles
fish
process of putting things into groups.
a warm-blooded vertebrate animal of a class that is distingui…
vertebrates that live on land, scales cover body, lay eggs, c…
An ectothermic vertebrate that lives in the water and has fins.
classification
process of putting things into groups.
mammal
a warm-blooded vertebrate animal of a class that is distingui…
6 terms
Biology 2-4
Gene expression
Gene regulation
Inverse
Mutation
The process by which the information encoded in a gene is use…
The ability of an organism to regulate which genes are transc…
Backwards
A change in one or more of the nitrogen bases in DNA
Gene expression
The process by which the information encoded in a gene is use…
Gene regulation
The ability of an organism to regulate which genes are transc…
9 terms
Biology 1-4
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Chloroplast
Organelle
First cells, without a true nucleus
Cells with a true nucleus
Organelle in plant cells used for photosynthesis
A part of a cell that performs a specific function
Prokaryote
First cells, without a true nucleus
Eukaryote
Cells with a true nucleus
98 terms
Biology Ch.3 and 4
CELL
Prokaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cells
The cell theory
the structural and functional unit of an organism, the smalle…
lack membrane enclosed structures
possess membrane enclosed structures
1- all organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2- cell ar…
CELL
the structural and functional unit of an organism, the smalle…
Prokaryotic cells
lack membrane enclosed structures
8 terms
Biology 4.4: Biomes
Canopy
Understory
Deciduous
Coniferus
Dense covering formed by the leafy tops of tall rain forest t…
A layer of shorter plants that grow in the shade of a forest…
(of plants and shrubs) shedding foliage at the end of the gro…
Evergreens, such as pine trees. They produce seed-bearing con…
Canopy
Dense covering formed by the leafy tops of tall rain forest t…
Understory
A layer of shorter plants that grow in the shade of a forest…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 4
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
the part of the cytoplasm that includes molecules and small p…
the membrane bound organelle that contains a cell's DNA. Most…
Plasma membrane
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Cytoplasm
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
9 terms
Biology #4
Nucleus
Chloroplasts
Daughter cell
Anaphase
Control centre of cell
Capture energy from sunlight and use it to produce food for t…
The product of cell division.
Phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move t…
Nucleus
Control centre of cell
Chloroplasts
Capture energy from sunlight and use it to produce food for t…
29 terms
Category 4 STAAR BIOLOGY
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis Equation
Cellular Respiration Equation
process which converts light energy to sugar in the chloropla…
process which converts sugar (glucose) into ATP energy in the…
6 CO2 (carbon dioxide) + 6 H2O (water) + sunlight energy => C…
C6H12O6 (glucose) + 6 O2 (oxygen) ---> 6 CO2 (carbon dioxide)…
Photosynthesis
process which converts light energy to sugar in the chloropla…
Cellular Respiration
process which converts sugar (glucose) into ATP energy in the…
7 terms
Biology 4
ATP
cis-trans isomers
enantiomers
functional group
adenosine tri-phosphate
compounds that have the same covalent bonds but differ in spa…
Isomers that are mirror images of each other and that differ…
An assemblage of atoms that forms chemically reactive part of…
ATP
adenosine tri-phosphate
cis-trans isomers
compounds that have the same covalent bonds but differ in spa…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
habitat
day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperatur…
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
process in which certain gases (carbon dioxide, methane, and…
area where an organism lives, including the biotic and abioti…
weather
day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperatur…
climate
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
10 terms
Biology #4
asexual reproduction
embryo
fertilisation
gamete
production of new individuals that does not involve fusion of…
organism in early stages of growth and development that is mu…
process of fusion of male gamete (sperm) with female gamete (…
reproductive cell containing half the original chromosome num…
asexual reproduction
production of new individuals that does not involve fusion of…
embryo
organism in early stages of growth and development that is mu…
14 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 4.4
vegetative reproduction
vegetative propagation
cutting
adventitious roots
when a new plant starts to grow from a stem, leaf or root
when a person starts a new plant from a root, stem or leaf cu…
a piece of a stem or root which is capable of growing into a…
roots which sprout from the bottom of a cut stem
vegetative reproduction
when a new plant starts to grow from a stem, leaf or root
vegetative propagation
when a person starts a new plant from a root, stem or leaf cu…
18 terms
Biology Vocab Chapter 4
Passive Transport
Hypertonic Solution
Concentration gradient
Hypotonic solution
Movement of substances through a cell membrane without the us…
The fluid outside the cell has a higher concentration of diss…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
The fluid inside the cell has a higher concentration of disso…
Passive Transport
Movement of substances through a cell membrane without the us…
Hypertonic Solution
The fluid outside the cell has a higher concentration of diss…
9 terms
2.4 human biology
the part of the digestive system in wh…
the largest organ in the body creates…
a substance produced by the liver that…
the organ that stores bile after it is…
small intestine
liver
bile
gallbladder
the part of the digestive system in wh…
small intestine
the largest organ in the body creates…
liver
13 terms
Biology Lesson 3 and 4
DNA
Nucleotide
Transcription
Translation
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in m…
DNA
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
Nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
19 terms
Biology 4
ATP
ADP
Chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
is a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of foo…
is a lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by…
process in which chemical energy is used to produce carbohydr…
A process in which solar radiation is chemically captured by…
ATP
is a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of foo…
ADP
is a lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 7.4
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution
Movement of WATER molecules across a membrane from high conce…
equal amounts of water flow in and out of the cell; concentra…
A solution with a LOWER concentration of dissolved substances…
A solution with a HIGHER concentration of dissolved substance…
osmosis
Movement of WATER molecules across a membrane from high conce…
isotonic solution
equal amounts of water flow in and out of the cell; concentra…
19 terms
IB Biology 4.1 Ecology
Species
Population
Community
Autotrophs
Groups of organisms that can potentially interbreed to produc…
Groups of organisms of the same species, who live in the same…
Populations of different species living together and interact…
Absorb CO2, H2O and inorganic nutrients such as nitrates from…
Species
Groups of organisms that can potentially interbreed to produc…
Population
Groups of organisms of the same species, who live in the same…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 4
age structure
carrying capacity
demographic transition
demography
in any population, the number of individuals in their pre-rep…
largest number of individuals in a species that an environmen…
population change from high birth rates and death rates to lo…
study of human populations based on size, density, movement,…
age structure
in any population, the number of individuals in their pre-rep…
carrying capacity
largest number of individuals in a species that an environmen…
12 terms
Hedgehog Biology - Day 4
Increases genetic variation
Punnett square
Dominant
Aa
1. Meiosis: Crossing over ... 2. Cell cycle: mutations
Diagram showing the possible genetic outcomes of offspring ba…
Traits that are always expressed
This is an example of a heterozygous genotype
Increases genetic variation
1. Meiosis: Crossing over ... 2. Cell cycle: mutations
Punnett square
Diagram showing the possible genetic outcomes of offspring ba…
59 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 4
Light Microscope
Magnification
Micrograph
Cell Theory
visible light is passed through a specimen, creating a magnif…
increase of apparent size of an object
image taken from a microscope
all living things are composed of cells and all cells come fr…
Light Microscope
visible light is passed through a specimen, creating a magnif…
Magnification
increase of apparent size of an object
47 terms
Biology 4
Exocytosis
Endocytosis
Phagocytosis
Pinocytosis
the process by which a substance is released from the cell th…
The process by which a cell membrane surrounds a particle and…
Ingestion of bacteria by phagocytes and other protozoans
Ingestion of liquid into a cell by the binding of small vesic…
Exocytosis
the process by which a substance is released from the cell th…
Endocytosis
The process by which a cell membrane surrounds a particle and…
14 terms
Apologia Biology Module 4
extracellular digestion
mycelium
hyphae
rhizoid hyphae
digestion that takes place outside the cell
the part of the fungus that is responsible for extracellular…
a filament of fungal cells
a hyphae that's enbedded in the material of that which the fu…
extracellular digestion
digestion that takes place outside the cell
mycelium
the part of the fungus that is responsible for extracellular…
18 terms
Biology Vocabulary: Standard 4
DNA
Replication
Fertilization
Dominant Trait
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
DNA is duplicated, takes place during Interphase
A stage in reproduction whereby an egg and a sperm fuse to cr…
An allele that is always expressed if present, ex: AA or Aa
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
Replication
DNA is duplicated, takes place during Interphase
94 terms
Biology XL Chapter 4
Typical size of a eukaryotic cell
Typical size of prokaryotic cell
3 principles in of cell theory
Why are cells so small
10-100 micrometer in diameter
1-10 micrometer in diameter
1. All organisms are made up of one or more cells and the lif…
Because if a cell becomes too big, it would be nearly impossi…
Typical size of a eukaryotic cell
10-100 micrometer in diameter
Typical size of prokaryotic cell
1-10 micrometer in diameter
52 terms
IB Biology Topic 4 : Ecology
Ecology
Organism
Species
Population
The science of the relationships between organisms and their…
an individual living thing that uses energy, reproduces, resp…
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
Ecology
The science of the relationships between organisms and their…
Organism
an individual living thing that uses energy, reproduces, resp…
34 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
acts as a barrier between the inside and outside of the cell;…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 2.4
Chemical reaction
Reactants
Products
Chemical reactions involve
is a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemical…
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
changes in the chemical bonds that join atoms in compounds
Chemical reaction
is a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemical…
Reactants
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
34 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
a concept that states that all living things are made up of c…
or cell membrane, acts as a barrier between the inside and ou…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
a concept that states that all living things are made up of c…
37 terms
Biology 4
key roles of cell divison
genome
chromosome
sister chromatid
functions in growth and repair... distributes identical sets of…
cell's DNA and genetic info... prokaryotes: single DNA molecule…
threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in th…
two copies of a duplicated chromosome ... attached at centromere…
key roles of cell divison
functions in growth and repair... distributes identical sets of…
genome
cell's DNA and genetic info... prokaryotes: single DNA molecule…
35 terms
Biology Unit-4: Genetics
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
DNA replication
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
messenger RNA (mRNA)
A nucleic acid molecule consisting of the nucleotides adenine…
The process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
A nucleic acid consisting of the nucleotides adenine, guanine…
A type of RNA synthesized using a DNA template that attaches…
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
A nucleic acid molecule consisting of the nucleotides adenine…
DNA replication
The process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
13 terms
Biology Module 4
Extracellular Digestion
Mycelium
Hypha
Rhizoid Hypha
Digestion that takes place outside of the cell
The part of the fungus responsible for extracellular digestio…
A filament of fungal cells
A hypha that is imbedded in the material on which the fungus…
Extracellular Digestion
Digestion that takes place outside of the cell
Mycelium
The part of the fungus responsible for extracellular digestio…
18 terms
study guide 4 biology
how the plasma membrane works in contr…
Functions of Membrane proteins... Channel…
Transport
Cell recognition
The plasma membrane's main function is to regulate the concen…
form a tunnel across the entire membrane allowin only one or…
transport protein are also involved in the passage of molecul…
Cell Recognition P.are glycoproteins, they enable our bodies…
how the plasma membrane works in contr…
The plasma membrane's main function is to regulate the concen…
Functions of Membrane proteins... Channel…
form a tunnel across the entire membrane allowin only one or…
12 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.4)
age structure
carrying capacity
demographic transition
demography
in any population, the number of individuals in their pre-rep…
largest number of individuals in a species that an environmen…
population change from high birth rates and death rates to lo…
study of human populations based on size, density, movement,…
age structure
in any population, the number of individuals in their pre-rep…
carrying capacity
largest number of individuals in a species that an environmen…
33 terms
Apologia Biology Mod. 4
General Structure of a Mushroom... A- cap
General Structure of a Mushroom... B- gil…
General Structure of a Mushroom... C- myc…
General Structure of a Mushroom... D- stipe
General Structure of a Mushroom... A- cap
General Structure of a Mushroom... B- gil…
19 terms
biology 4
1. ADP
2. Aerobic
3. ATP
4. ATP Synthase
(Adenosine Diphophate) the compound that rem
Process that requires oxygen to occur
Adenosine triphosphate an organic molecule that acts is the m…
Enzyme that catalyzes the reaction that adds a high-energy ph…
1. ADP
(Adenosine Diphophate) the compound that rem
2. Aerobic
Process that requires oxygen to occur
16 terms
biology 4
Enzymes
what is the structure of enzymes ?
The primary level of protein organizat…
The secondary level of protein organiz…
are proteins that act as biological catalysts. ( Enzymes spee…
...
structure is a amino acid sequence life a string of beads
Secondary structure - sequence folds into pleated sheet or he…
Enzymes
are proteins that act as biological catalysts. ( Enzymes spee…
what is the structure of enzymes ?
...
21 terms
S4 Biology Digestive system quiz
duodenum
liver
gall bladder
oesophagus
a part of the digestive system which receives food from the s…
the organ that produce bile
the organ that store bile temporarily
a part of the alimentary canal that connect mouth cavity and…
duodenum
a part of the digestive system which receives food from the s…
liver
the organ that produce bile
9 terms
Biology Chapter 2.4
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes one set of chemicals into another set…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction…
the elements or compounds that you end up with. That is, this…
the energy that is needed to get a chemical reaction started.
chemical reaction
a process that changes one set of chemicals into another set…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction…
13 terms
Smith Biology Group 4
inorganic molecules
organic molecules
monomer
polymer
Non-carbon based molecules
Carbon-based molecules
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
inorganic molecules
Non-carbon based molecules
organic molecules
Carbon-based molecules
13 terms
IB Biology Ecology 4.2
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
Herbivores
Carnivores
1. Light enters the chloroplast of the leaf cells.... 2. Chlorop…
- Ex. with grass and a grasshopper.... Inside the grasshopper, t…
- First consumers (eat the producers)
- Second consumers (eat the herbivores)
Photosynthesis
1. Light enters the chloroplast of the leaf cells.... 2. Chlorop…
Cellular respiration
- Ex. with grass and a grasshopper.... Inside the grasshopper, t…
74 terms
WJEC Biology BY4 - Microbiology
Penicillium
Viable Count
Safranin
Bacillus
The genus of the fungus (Penicillium notatum)that produces pe…
Finding the number of live bacteria in a sample.
The counter-stain used in the Gram Stain technique. It turns…
A rod shaped bacterium.
Penicillium
The genus of the fungus (Penicillium notatum)that produces pe…
Viable Count
Finding the number of live bacteria in a sample.
60 terms
Abeka Biology test 4
poliomyelitis
carbohydrates
interneurons
dendrites
What disease of the spinal cord is caused by a virus that des…
What type of nutrients are starches and sugars?
What are neurons that relay messages between other neurons?
What are fibers of a neuron that carry information toward the…
poliomyelitis
What disease of the spinal cord is caused by a virus that des…
carbohydrates
What type of nutrients are starches and sugars?
123 terms
Biology - Quiz #4
biosphere
species
population
community
the thin layer of air, land, and water at Earth's surface whe…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
All the different populations that live together in an area
biosphere
the thin layer of air, land, and water at Earth's surface whe…
species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
42 terms
chapter 4 biology
amino acid
carbohydrate
coenzyme
dna
Building blocks of proteins
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
an organic cofactor required for enzyme activity
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
amino acid
Building blocks of proteins
carbohydrate
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
9 terms
Biology 4.4
metabolism
codon
messenger RNA (mRNA)
transfer RNA (tRNA)
the sum of all reactions that occur in a living organism
a triplet of bases (on nucleotides) that forms the code for a…
the RNA molecule that carries the code for a polypeptide chai…
the RNA molecule that carries (transfers) a specific amino ac…
metabolism
the sum of all reactions that occur in a living organism
codon
a triplet of bases (on nucleotides) that forms the code for a…
68 terms
Biology 4
What are the four most common elements…
All but which of the following are tru…
Adjacent water molecules are connected…
Which one of the following statements…
Carbon, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Hydrogen
A) they are the strongest of all the chemical bonds
electrical attraction between the H of one molecule and the O…
A)Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus surrounded by a nuclear mem…
What are the four most common elements…
Carbon, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Hydrogen
All but which of the following are tru…
A) they are the strongest of all the chemical bonds
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