How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "biology 4"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biology 4"

41 termscreated on December 10, 2016
BIO 110
Will Hennig
Sir Charles Lyell
Thomas Malthus
Darwin
Developed cladistics
-wrote principles or geology... -established uniformitarianism... -…
An essay on the principle of population as it affects the fut…
-the origin of species... -organisms change over time... -some orga…
Will Hennig
Developed cladistics
Sir Charles Lyell
-wrote principles or geology... -established uniformitarianism... -…
17 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Test Monday
What is the function of tRNA?
How many amino acids are stocked in th…
What does the tRNA molecule Carry at b…
What does the anti-codon bind with in…
To transfer amino acid specified by the M RNA codon to the ri…
20 amino acids
Amino acid
It binds to the mRNA codon
What is the function of tRNA?
To transfer amino acid specified by the M RNA codon to the ri…
How many amino acids are stocked in th…
20 amino acids
62 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Final Exam Review- Review 1 CORE Material
On a molecular level, what is the chan…
How does an ion become positively char…
What contains glucose as a subunit mol…
How are macromolecules synthesized?
The higher the hydrogen ion concentration, the more acidic
By losing an electron?
Starch
By removing water
On a molecular level, what is the chan…
The higher the hydrogen ion concentration, the more acidic
How does an ion become positively char…
By losing an electron?
23 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Final - Animals
Animals: Basics
Four key distinctions divide the animals
Step 1... *Tissues
Tissues... *Parazoa
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Animalia ... Multicellular organisms... *…
1. Does animal have specialized cells that form defined tissu…
Tissues are layers of communicating cells that work together…
No true tissues
Animals: Basics
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Animalia ... Multicellular organisms... *…
Four key distinctions divide the animals
1. Does animal have specialized cells that form defined tissu…
51 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Vocab 1 Chapter 4
La biologie
La chimie
La phyique
La géographie
Biology
Chemistry
Physics
Geography
La biologie
Biology
La chimie
Chemistry
14 termscreated on December 10, 2016
ovarian cycle
what is the ovarian cycle
what happens during ovarian cycle
length of ovarian cycle
what are the phases of ovarian cycle
sequence that leads to ovulation
oocytes develop within structures called follicles
28 days... syncronized with menstrual cycle
follicular phase day 1 -14... luteal phase day 15-28
what is the ovarian cycle
sequence that leads to ovulation
what happens during ovarian cycle
oocytes develop within structures called follicles
42 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Exam 4
What are the features of cerebral cort…
What are other features of the cerebrum?
What is the diencephalon?
Brain Stem
The cerebral cortex (outer layer) consists of gray matter. Th…
Most of the interior is white matter in the form of tracts. U…
The embryonic brain gives rise to the thalamus, the hypothala…
The brain stem links the spinal cord to higher regions of the…
What are the features of cerebral cort…
The cerebral cortex (outer layer) consists of gray matter. Th…
What are other features of the cerebrum?
Most of the interior is white matter in the form of tracts. U…
115 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Exam 4
Urine can be stored in the bladder for…
smallpox
No
Yes
Why is the monitoring of glucose in the urine not recommended…
What was the first disease to be prevented using a form of va…
Can a person contract HPV from the Gardasil vaccine?
Can a person contract Polio from the Polio vaccine?
Urine can be stored in the bladder for…
Why is the monitoring of glucose in the urine not recommended…
smallpox
What was the first disease to be prevented using a form of va…
11 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Bio Chapter 4
Eukaryotes such as animals and plants…
Which protein is found in microtubules?
Which protein is found in intermediate…
Which protein is found in microfilament?
Lack a true nucleus
tubulin (long)
keratin (hair)
actin (muscles)
Eukaryotes such as animals and plants…
Lack a true nucleus
Which protein is found in microtubules?
tubulin (long)
89 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Honors Biology Chapter 2
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
4
carbon molecules.
triple bonds
The four molecules that make up 90% of everything
Carbon molecules can form _____ covalent bonds.... carbon molecu…
Carbon molecules can also bond with other....
Carbon can form single, double, or......
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
The four molecules that make up 90% of everything
4
Carbon molecules can form _____ covalent bonds.... carbon molecu…
20 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Chapter 4
Why is oxygen needed in cellular respi…
Metabolism is (LO1)
What happens to an ATP molecule after…
Ethanol and carbon dioxide are release…
Oxygen combines with ADP to create ATP.... Correct Answer... Oxyg…
the activation energy needed to start a reaction.... Correct An…
It is secreted in urine as a waste product of cellular respir…
the electron transport chain.... Correct Answer... alcohol fermen…
Why is oxygen needed in cellular respi…
Oxygen combines with ADP to create ATP.... Correct Answer... Oxyg…
Metabolism is (LO1)
the activation energy needed to start a reaction.... Correct An…
11 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Spermatogenesis
Spermatogenesis process
70
Spermatogenesis
Spermatozoa Head
stem cells undergo meiotic divisions & differentiation while…
It takes about ______ days for full maturations of spermatogo…
gradual transformation of a spermatid into a flagellated sper…
-contains the nucleus, acrosome, and basal body of the tail f…
Spermatogenesis process
stem cells undergo meiotic divisions & differentiation while…
70
It takes about ______ days for full maturations of spermatogo…
94 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Last Exam (Trixie Pittman)
Every cell in the human body has __ ho…
During normal cell division (i.e. mito…
During reproduction, if a cell from a…
There must be a _____ type of cell div…
23 pairs
2
92
different
Every cell in the human body has __ ho…
23 pairs
During normal cell division (i.e. mito…
2
12 termscreated on December 10, 2016
biology 4.1
climate envelope
conservation biology
restoration biology
ecosystem diversity
threshold values (precip and temp) of what a species can with…
seeks to preserve life
applies ecological principles to return degraded ecosystem to…
variety of ecosystems in the biosphere
climate envelope
threshold values (precip and temp) of what a species can with…
conservation biology
seeks to preserve life
29 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Chapter 4 Biology
amino end
carboxyl end
residues
primary structure
...
...
...
...
amino end
...
carboxyl end
...
18 termscreated on December 10, 2016
lecture 12
Natural Active Immunity
Artificial Active Immunity
natural passive immunity
artificial active immunity
Immunity that results from an immune response in an... individua…
Immunity that results from an immune response in an... individua…
Immunity that results when antibodies from a woman... are transf…
Immunity that results when antibodies contained in the... serum…
Natural Active Immunity
Immunity that results from an immune response in an... individua…
Artificial Active Immunity
Immunity that results from an immune response in an... individua…
49 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Ap Biology Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecule
4 classes of biological macromolecules
polymer
monomer
a large molecule
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
molecule consisting ofrepeating subunits covalently bonded to…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
macromolecule
a large molecule
4 classes of biological macromolecules
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
155 termscreated on December 10, 2016
biology test ch4
Mitochondria
Microtubules
cell membrane
Lysosomes
powerhouse of the cell: site of ATP (adenosine triphosphate)…
support the shape of an entire cell
also called the plasma membrane
Bags of enzymes used to digest particles and bacteria; " "gar…
Mitochondria
powerhouse of the cell: site of ATP (adenosine triphosphate)…
Microtubules
support the shape of an entire cell
46 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology II (Test 4)
Which one of the following is not an a…
In this type of signaling, secreted mo…
A cell with membrane-bound proteins th…
The steroid hormone that stimulates mo…
A. Chemical molecules initiate faster responses.
endocrine
target cell
ecdysteroid
Which one of the following is not an a…
A. Chemical molecules initiate faster responses.
In this type of signaling, secreted mo…
endocrine
52 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Final
Eukaryotic cells
Prokaryotic cells
What does natural selection mean?
Emergent properties
have membrane-enclosed organelles, ex. largest-nucleus ... Plan…
simpler and smaller, does not contain membrane-bound organell…
Why species differ from their ancestors, survival of the fitt…
Novel properties emerge that were absent from the preceding one
Eukaryotic cells
have membrane-enclosed organelles, ex. largest-nucleus ... Plan…
Prokaryotic cells
simpler and smaller, does not contain membrane-bound organell…
14 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology CH.5
Chromosome
Mitosis
4 stages of Mitosis
Cell cycle
One long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
The division of the cell nucleus and its contents
Prophase (DNA and proteins coil up and the nuclear membrane d…
The regular pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell divi…
Chromosome
One long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
Mitosis
The division of the cell nucleus and its contents
25 termscreated on December 10, 2016
BIO 208: Adaptive Immunity (Ch. 17) Pt. 2
Endogenous antigens presented on MHC-I
Class I MHC with viral antigens
MHC 2 with CD4... MHC1 with CD8
-Macrophages... -Dendrites... -B cells
The CD8+ T-cell receptor (found on cytotoxic T-cells) binds to
What would a virally infected skin epithelial cell have on it…
2 x 4 = 1 x 8
Types of Antigen Presenting Cells (APCs):
Endogenous antigens presented on MHC-I
The CD8+ T-cell receptor (found on cytotoxic T-cells) binds to
Class I MHC with viral antigens
What would a virally infected skin epithelial cell have on it…
53 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Finals #1- Unit 4 Heredity
During meiosis, the separation of homo…
How does the number of cells and type…
What happens when crossing over takes…
What is the exchange of segments of DN…
Anaphase
...
...
...
During meiosis, the separation of homo…
Anaphase
How does the number of cells and type…
...
28 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Biodiversity Plants Unit 4
Pros to plants
Cons to plants
Plants (overview)
Plants structure
More abundant light and Higher C02 concentration
Scarcity of water and lack of structural support
Most live on land, but some are aquatic
Multicellular eukaryotes
Pros to plants
More abundant light and Higher C02 concentration
Cons to plants
Scarcity of water and lack of structural support
70 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Mcelroy Biology Midterm Exam
Growth
Respond to environment
Produce Energy
Have Cells
1
2
3
4
Growth
1
Respond to environment
2
33 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Cell Chemistry (Chapter 4 and 5)
matter
element
trace element
compound
anything that occupies space and has mass
pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substanc…
element critical to health that makes up less than 0.01 perce…
substance containing two or more elements chemically combined…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
element
pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substanc…
40 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Chapter 51
Action carried out in response to a st…
Study of ecological and evolutionary b…
2 types of behavior
A genetically inherited, automatic, in…
behavior
behavioral ecology
innate and learned
innate behavior
Action carried out in response to a st…
behavior
Study of ecological and evolutionary b…
behavioral ecology
30 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Animals
Domain
Kingdom
Traits of Animals
Four key distinctions
Eukarya
Animalia
- multicellular... - animals eat other organisms (heterotrophic)…
1) True tissues?... 2) Radial or bilateral symmetry?... 3) Protosto…
Domain
Eukarya
Kingdom
Animalia
11 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Human Impact: Pollution and Fisheries
What is DDT? What was its effect in br…
What is Minamata disease? What causes…
What was the "old view" regarding fish…
Where do most of our fishing resources…
DDT = Chlorinated Hydrocarbons... Decreasing populations of bro…
AKA "Dancing Cat Fever"... A neurological syndrome - brain damag…
...
...
What is DDT? What was its effect in br…
DDT = Chlorinated Hydrocarbons... Decreasing populations of bro…
What is Minamata disease? What causes…
AKA "Dancing Cat Fever"... A neurological syndrome - brain damag…
73 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Psychology Test 4
Humanistic Theory
Maslow's Heiarchy
Criticisms of Freud
Freud Personality
Carl Rodgers
(top --> bottom) self actualization, self esteem needs, love…
Vague, after the fact, historical origins, based on maladjust…
Projection tests, Inkblot test
Humanistic Theory
Carl Rodgers
Maslow's Heiarchy
(top --> bottom) self actualization, self esteem needs, love…
60 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology 175 Test #4
Bone of the lower limb
What bones form the pectoral girdle
What is responsible for the refractory…
What is filled with vitreous humor?
Coxal
Scapula and clavicle
Sodium-potassium pump
Posterior segment
Bone of the lower limb
Coxal
What bones form the pectoral girdle
Scapula and clavicle
42 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Unit 4
Behavioral Ecology
Foraging
Search Image
Optimal Foraging Theory
A relatively recent approach to animal behavior that explores…
Searching for and collecting food
Reflects an improvement in a predator's ability to detect inc…
Predicts that an animal's food finding strategy should maximi…
Behavioral Ecology
A relatively recent approach to animal behavior that explores…
Foraging
Searching for and collecting food
23 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Finals #1- Unit 3 Cells
Three parts of the cell theory?
Prokaryotes?
Eukaryotes?
Diffusion?
-All living things are composed of cells... -All cells come from…
-no nucleus... -circular... -tiny... -no membrane- bound organelles... -b…
-has nucleus... -linear DNA... -many membrane- bound organelles... -la…
Movement of particles from an area of high concentration to a…
Three parts of the cell theory?
-All living things are composed of cells... -All cells come from…
Prokaryotes?
-no nucleus... -circular... -tiny... -no membrane- bound organelles... -b…
30 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Midterm 4 in Class Review
The part of the brain that is the prim…
________neurons are found in the CNS
____ spermatozoa are produced per prim…
Within the first twelve weeks of devel…
hypothalamus
association
1; 1
organogenesis
The part of the brain that is the prim…
hypothalamus
________neurons are found in the CNS
association
29 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Exam 2nd Quarter
What are the 4 major classes of Macrom…
What elements are in carbohydrates
What elements are in lipids
What elements are in Proteins
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and Nucleic Acids
1 C : 2 H : 1 O
C, H, O, (P)
C, H, O, N, (S)
What are the 4 major classes of Macrom…
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and Nucleic Acids
What elements are in carbohydrates
1 C : 2 H : 1 O
38 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Chapter 11m
How do prokaryotes divide?
3 steps of binary fission
two parts of M-phase
product of M-phase
binary fission
replicate DNA, increase in size, divide into 2
mitosis and cytokinesis
2 daughter cells
How do prokaryotes divide?
binary fission
3 steps of binary fission
replicate DNA, increase in size, divide into 2
52 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Protein Synthesis
DNA replication --> transcription -->…
to have enough DNA to serve as a templ…
making a single-stranded MRNA by readi…
making a protein (series of AA) by rea…
what is the correct ordering of the processes that allows for…
what is the basic function of DNA replication?
what is the basic function of transcription?
what is the basic function of translation?
DNA replication --> transcription -->…
what is the correct ordering of the processes that allows for…
to have enough DNA to serve as a templ…
what is the basic function of DNA replication?
196 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Full regular biology winter 2016 final review, well what she's gone over in class
What are the five steps of the scienti…
Define Observation
Define forming hypotheses
Define Testing hypotheses
Observation, Forming Hypotheses, Testing Hypotheses, Analyze…
Using senses and tools to study the world
Using questions to explain observations
Collecting data to support or reject a hypothesis
What are the five steps of the scienti…
Observation, Forming Hypotheses, Testing Hypotheses, Analyze…
Define Observation
Using senses and tools to study the world
77 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology MidTerm
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
sugars and starches. 4 cals per g. monosaccharides. energy ➡️…
oils, waxes, fats.m9 cals per g. glycerol, hormones, stores e…
meats, nuts, beans. 4 cals per g. amino acids. builds structu…
eggs. nucleotides. stores genetic information. DNA RNA
Carbohydrates
sugars and starches. 4 cals per g. monosaccharides. energy ➡️…
Lipids
oils, waxes, fats.m9 cals per g. glycerol, hormones, stores e…
33 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Sensory and Motor Mechanisms Chapter 50
What is Muscle Tissue morphology?
What is a muscle fiber
A skeletal muscle is?
What is the morphology of myofibril?
*Consists of muscle fibers and myofibril
A long muscle cell with more than one nucleus and also a bund…
*AN ORGAN... *Comprised of:... • bundles of muscle fibers... + fibrou…
• Chain of repeating subunits (sarcomeres)... • Each sarcomere…
What is Muscle Tissue morphology?
*Consists of muscle fibers and myofibril
What is a muscle fiber
A long muscle cell with more than one nucleus and also a bund…
137 termscreated on December 10, 2016
biol 180 freeman exam 4
Behavioral ecology
Intersexual selection
Intrasexual seelection
Fundamental Assymetry of sex
Different environments select for different traits
selection of an individual of one gender for mating by an ind…
competing with others of same gender for mates
sexual selection acts on males much more than females because…
Behavioral ecology
Different environments select for different traits
Intersexual selection
selection of an individual of one gender for mating by an ind…
25 termscreated on December 10, 2016
biology final MODULE 1
What are the 4 characteristics of life?
DNA provides the info necessary to tak…
What 2 categories can metabolism be sp…
How do producers get energy? consumers?
a. contain deoxyribonucleic acid, which is called DNA... b. have…
an ordered, living system
1. anabolism (involves using energy and simple chemical build…
producers- photosynthesis... consumers- eat the producers
What are the 4 characteristics of life?
a. contain deoxyribonucleic acid, which is called DNA... b. have…
DNA provides the info necessary to tak…
an ordered, living system
7 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Brain-Testicular Hormone Axis
GnRH from the hypothalamus
LH
FSH
presence
stimulates cells in the anterior lobe of pituitary to secrete…
stimulates interstitial cells to secrete testosterone
stimulates sustentacular cells to secrete androgen-binding pr…
In the _______________ (presence/absence) of ABP, testosteron…
GnRH from the hypothalamus
stimulates cells in the anterior lobe of pituitary to secrete…
LH
stimulates interstitial cells to secrete testosterone
236 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Unit 1
Cell
Organism
Atoms
Molecules
The basic unit of life
Living individual, consists of one or more cells
The smallest scale at which all living things are composed of
A group of joined atoms
Cell
The basic unit of life
Organism
Living individual, consists of one or more cells
75 termscreated on December 10, 2016
BioChem: Questions from Exams 1/2/3
Which of the following processes best…
The ionizable functional groups of the…
What is the purpose of using ammonium…
The side chain of which amino acids co…
The partial unfolding of proteins allowing β-sheets to aggreg…
0
To separate proteins based on solubility in solutions with hi…
Tryptophane
Which of the following processes best…
The partial unfolding of proteins allowing β-sheets to aggreg…
The ionizable functional groups of the…
0
23 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Honors Biology Final (some terms)
Electron microscope
Light microscope
Micrometer
Nanometer
The electron microscope is a type of microscope that uses a b…
A light microscope uses focused light and lenses to magnify a…
An SI derived unit of length equaling 1×10−6 of a meter or on…
One-billionth of a meter
Electron microscope
The electron microscope is a type of microscope that uses a b…
Light microscope
A light microscope uses focused light and lenses to magnify a…
5 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Estuaries
What are estuaries? When did most of t…
Identify the characteristics of estuar…
How do tidal schedules, Coriolis, and…
List, define, and provide an example o…
Estuaries are semi-enclosed areas where rivers and coastlines…
1 one of the most productive environments... 2 Heavily impacted…
Tidal Schedules - more salt water travels up fresh water in t…
1 Drowned River Valleys... ex. Chesapeake Bay... 2 Bar-Built... ex.…
What are estuaries? When did most of t…
Estuaries are semi-enclosed areas where rivers and coastlines…
Identify the characteristics of estuar…
1 one of the most productive environments... 2 Heavily impacted…
6 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Perissodactyla
Perissodactyla
Perissodactyla Traits
Equidae
Zebra Stripes
Equidae... Tapiridae... Rhinocerotidae
Large body size... Mesaxonic... Herbivorous (browsing, grazing)... Lop…
Horses, donkeys, zebras... 1 genus, 7 extant species... Long histor…
Cryptic coloration... Disruptive coloration... Visual cues/identifi…
Perissodactyla
Equidae... Tapiridae... Rhinocerotidae
Perissodactyla Traits
Large body size... Mesaxonic... Herbivorous (browsing, grazing)... Lop…
80 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Ch. 12 The Cell cyle
1) The centromere is a region in which…
2) What is a chromatid?... A) a chromosom…
3) Starting with a fertilized egg (zyg…
4) If there are 20 chromatids in a cel…
Answer: A... Topic: Concept 12.1... Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension
Answer: B... Topic: Concept 12.1... Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension
Answer: D... Topic: Concept 12.1... Skill: Application/Analysis
Answer: A... Topic: Concept 12.1... Skill: Application/Analysis... 236
1) The centromere is a region in which…
Answer: A... Topic: Concept 12.1... Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension
2) What is a chromatid?... A) a chromosom…
Answer: B... Topic: Concept 12.1... Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension
91 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Final
What are the difference between indepe…
What is a experiemntal error
What is the difference between a hypot…
What are the different levels of organ…
The independnet varible is change in the expermient. And the…
Something that has a potential to disturb the data.
A hypothesis is a possible explanation for a set of observati…
Biosphere-> biome-> ecosystem-> community-> population-> orga…
What are the difference between indepe…
The independnet varible is change in the expermient. And the…
What is a experiemntal error
Something that has a potential to disturb the data.
1 of 10