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Study sets matching "biology 521a"

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Study sets matching "biology 521a"

8 terms
Miscellaneous (Ch.1)
Amino acids
Cytosol
Cellulose
Glucose
20 different types in nature... -Bond in various sequemces to pr…
Watery part of cytoplasm
-Made of long interlocking chains of glucose... -"Starch"... -Makes…
C6H12O6... simple sugar
Amino acids
20 different types in nature... -Bond in various sequemces to pr…
Cytosol
Watery part of cytoplasm
8 terms
Excretion
How are the lungs, skin, liver, and ki…
Role of kidneys in removing metabolic…
What is reabsorbed into the body? And…
What is renal failure and dialysis?
Lungs: remove carbon dioxide.... Skin: removes excess heat and m…
Blood carrying the wastes travels to kidney by two renal arte…
...
Renal failure: they use hemodialysis (kidney dialysis). the d…
How are the lungs, skin, liver, and ki…
Lungs: remove carbon dioxide.... Skin: removes excess heat and m…
Role of kidneys in removing metabolic…
Blood carrying the wastes travels to kidney by two renal arte…
23 terms
Bustard's Chapter 3 Vocabulary
energy
potential energy
kinetic energy
chemical energy
is the capacity to do work
the energy stored in an object
is the energy of motion
is the energy stored in the bonds between atoms in the molecu…
energy
is the capacity to do work
potential energy
the energy stored in an object
20 terms
Membrane Transport
lipid bilayers
osmosis
channels and pumps
diffusion
cell membranes are constructed mainly of
The movement of water molecules across a selectively permeabl…
The embedded proteins inside a cell membrane form___ that ena…
In __, particles tend to move from an area where they are mor…
lipid bilayers
cell membranes are constructed mainly of
osmosis
The movement of water molecules across a selectively permeabl…
38 terms
Cell parts and functions etc. (Chapter 1)
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Command centre of the cell... Contains chromatin/chromosomes... Mem…
Specific piece of chromatin inside nucleus... Specializes in the…
Tiny two-part structures found in cytoplasm ... Help put togethe…
System of canals used for transport
Nucleus
Command centre of the cell... Contains chromatin/chromosomes... Mem…
Nucleolus
Specific piece of chromatin inside nucleus... Specializes in the…
13 terms
Circulatory System
Homeostasis in humans?
Structure of an artery?
Structure of vein?
Structure of capillaries?
maintaining a constant internal environment
Carries blood away from heart. Thick walls give strength for…
Thin walled. Wide diameter, blood travels back at low pressur…
Very thing walls, built for exchange. Diffusion between blood…
Homeostasis in humans?
maintaining a constant internal environment
Structure of an artery?
Carries blood away from heart. Thick walls give strength for…
43 terms
Bustard's Chapter 10/11.4 Vocabulary
aerobic
gas exchange
respiratory surface
lung
requires oxygen to survive
process of exchanging oxygen into the cell and carbon dioxide…
surface area available for gas exchange
respiratory structure within the body that's connected to the…
aerobic
requires oxygen to survive
gas exchange
process of exchanging oxygen into the cell and carbon dioxide…
55 terms
Bustard's Chapter 1 Vocabulary
ribosomes
mitochondria
chloroplast
prokaryote
site of protein synthesis which are made of RNA and protein
site of cellular respiration where food is converted to energ…
site of photosynthesis where water and carbon dioxide are con…
a cell type which does not have a nucleus or membrane bound o…
ribosomes
site of protein synthesis which are made of RNA and protein
mitochondria
site of cellular respiration where food is converted to energ…
46 terms
Circulatory system for Elkhorn
Pulmonary Artery
Pulmonary Vein
Superior Vena Cava
Inferior Vena Cava
carries deoxygenated blood from heart to lungs
carries oxygenated blood from lungs to heart
brings blood from the upper body to the right atrium
brings blood from the lower body to the right atrium
Pulmonary Artery
carries deoxygenated blood from heart to lungs
Pulmonary Vein
carries oxygenated blood from lungs to heart
62 terms
Bustard's Chapter 9 Vocabulary
homeostasis
dynamic equilibrium
homeotherm
poikilotherm
to maintain or balance an internal state
during the balance of homeostasis, there is still a constant…
an animal that keeps a constant body temperature
animal that has a body temperature depending on the temperatu…
homeostasis
to maintain or balance an internal state
dynamic equilibrium
during the balance of homeostasis, there is still a constant…
40 terms
Bustard's Chapter 2 Vocabulary
polar
non-polar
organic compound
inorganic compound
a single molecule with different charges
a single molecule with no charges
a covalent compound which contains both carbon and hydrogen a…
a covalent compound which does not contain both carbon and hy…
polar
a single molecule with different charges
non-polar
a single molecule with no charges
42 terms
Periodic table of elements part 1: 1-30, 33, 36, 47, 50, 53, 56, 74, 78, 79, 80, 82, 86
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen!... Hydrogen is a part of water, H2O.
Helium!... Helium is a very light gas that is used in balloons a…
Lithium!... Lithium is in batteries.
Beryllium!... Beryllium is used in windshields, non sparking too…
H
Hydrogen!... Hydrogen is a part of water, H2O.
He
Helium!... Helium is a very light gas that is used in balloons a…
28 terms
Respiratory System
inhaling
expiration
diaphragm
alveoli
diaphragm contracts, rib cage rises and increases the volume…
diaphragm relaxes & moves up into original dome shape. This d…
a sheet of muscle that separates the organs of the chest cavi…
tiny air sacs within the lungs where gas exchange occurs betw…
inhaling
diaphragm contracts, rib cage rises and increases the volume…
expiration
diaphragm relaxes & moves up into original dome shape. This d…
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