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Study sets matching "biology 9"

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Study sets matching "biology 9"

20 terms
Biology 9 Heredity Review
Pleiotropy
Polygenic
Incomplete Dominance
Codominance
Occurs when one gene influences multiple, seemingly unrelated…
Characteristic, such as eye-color or skin color that results…
Complex inheritance pattern in which the heterozygous phenoty…
Complex inheritance pattern that occurs when neither trait is…
Pleiotropy
Occurs when one gene influences multiple, seemingly unrelated…
Polygenic
Characteristic, such as eye-color or skin color that results…
20 terms
Year 9 Biology - Cells
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Chloroplasts
Surrounds the cell membrane and gives the plant extra support…
Contains DNA which controls how the body grows and changes.
All the material of the cell between the cell membrane and th…
Use energy in sunlight to turn water and carbon dioxide into…
Cell Wall
Surrounds the cell membrane and gives the plant extra support…
Nucleus
Contains DNA which controls how the body grows and changes.
18 terms
Ch. 9 - Biology
autotroph
heterotroph
ADP
ATP
An organism that is able to form its own nutritional organic…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules (food) by eat…
the compound that remains when a phosphate group is removed f…
the main energy source that cells use for most of their work
autotroph
An organism that is able to form its own nutritional organic…
heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules (food) by eat…
146 terms
Biology 9
systolic
diastolic
blood pressure
function of the blood
Blood pressure in the arteries during contraction of the vent…
occurs when the ventricles are relaxed; the lowest pressure a…
Reflects the force the blood exerts against the walls of the…
Transportation materials to and from cells... Transports nutrien…
systolic
Blood pressure in the arteries during contraction of the vent…
diastolic
occurs when the ventricles are relaxed; the lowest pressure a…
20 terms
Yr 9 Biology - Diffusion and Osmosis
Diffusion
Gas
Solute
Solvent
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume
A substance that is dissolved in a solution.
A liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Gas
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume
23 terms
Hedgehog Biology Day 9
Ecosystem
Trophic Level
Carnivore
Nitrogen Cycle (example)
a biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
Classification of organisms by feeding relationships in hiera…
Obtains its food from consuming other animals
Converted to usable form by lightning and bacteria. Plants up…
Ecosystem
a biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
Trophic Level
Classification of organisms by feeding relationships in hiera…
15 terms
Year 9 Human Biology
Skeleton
Muscle
Respiratory system
Digestive system
The 206 bones found in an adult (there are 270 in a baby).
A tissues made of fibres which expand and contract.
The trachea, lungs and diaphragm will allow us to breathe.
The mouth, oesophagus, stomach and intestines which digest fo…
Skeleton
The 206 bones found in an adult (there are 270 in a baby).
Muscle
A tissues made of fibres which expand and contract.
21 terms
Plant Biology - Topic 9
auxin
phototropism
location of auxins
auxin receptors
plant hormones that regulate plant cell growth. When light hi…
the tendency of a plant to grow towards the light
embryo seeds, meristems of apical buds, young leaves
cells that will be affected by auxins
auxin
plant hormones that regulate plant cell growth. When light hi…
phototropism
the tendency of a plant to grow towards the light
39 terms
AP Biology - Meiosis #9
chromatin
cytokinesis
cell plate
cleavage furrow
during interphase, the DNA is found in this form
the act of splitting newly formed cells
a type of cytokinesis found in plant cells
a type of cytokinesis found in animal cells
chromatin
during interphase, the DNA is found in this form
cytokinesis
the act of splitting newly formed cells
22 terms
Year 9 Biology - Classification
Movement
Reproduction
Sensitive
Grow
an action by an organism or part of an organism causing a cha…
the processes that make more of the same kind of organism
the ability to detect or sense stimuli in the internal or ext…
a permanent increase in size and dry mass by an increase in c…
Movement
an action by an organism or part of an organism causing a cha…
Reproduction
the processes that make more of the same kind of organism
12 terms
Biology: U8L9
asci
conidiophore
fungi
germinate
the sac-like structures of the sac fungi that carry its spores
a fertile hypha that bears spores (in molds)
organisms that lack flowers, leaves, or chlorophyll and deriv…
to sprout and grow from a seed or spore; often from a stage o…
asci
the sac-like structures of the sac fungi that carry its spores
conidiophore
a fertile hypha that bears spores (in molds)
11 terms
Biology 9.1
Cellular Respiration
NAD+
Cytoplasm
Pyruvic Acid
The whole process that releases energy by breaking down gluco…
High energy electron carrier for glycolysis
In what part of the cell does glycolysis
Two molecules of what compound is formed from the breakdown o…
Cellular Respiration
The whole process that releases energy by breaking down gluco…
NAD+
High energy electron carrier for glycolysis
30 terms
Biology 9
Cell
Prokaryote
Flagellum
Eukaryote
- Smallest "alive" thing that can self replicate... - Basic uni…
- Before Nucleus... - DNA is free floating... - Has Cell Wall... e.g:…
A long, hairlike structure that grows out of a cell and enabl…
- True Nucleus... - DNA is membrane bound: it is inside a nucleu…
Cell
- Smallest "alive" thing that can self replicate... - Basic uni…
Prokaryote
- Before Nucleus... - DNA is free floating... - Has Cell Wall... e.g:…
17 terms
Biology 9: Evidence for Evolution
vestigial structure
homologous structure
fossil
evolution
remnant of a structure that may have had an important functio…
body parts that are structurally similar in related species;…
the remains (or an impression) of a plant or animal that exis…
a theory that explains how random changes in genetic material…
vestigial structure
remnant of a structure that may have had an important functio…
homologous structure
body parts that are structurally similar in related species;…
101 terms
Biology 9
What 5 characteristics do all living t…
What are Prokaryotes cells? Provide an…
What are Eukaryotic cells? Provide an…
What are organelles?
1. ability to reproduce... 2. cellular respiration... 3. reac…
Cells that don't have true nucleus (i.e., the nucleus is not…
Cells that have a true nucleus (i.e., the nucleus is enclosed…
Structures inside a cell that are enclosed by a membrane and…
What 5 characteristics do all living t…
1. ability to reproduce... 2. cellular respiration... 3. reac…
What are Prokaryotes cells? Provide an…
Cells that don't have true nucleus (i.e., the nucleus is not…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9
spontaneous generation
DNA
trait
diversity
The idea that living things can come from non-living things.
The chemical inside cells that stores information about an or…
A characteristics of an organism.
The range of differences among the individuals in a population.
spontaneous generation
The idea that living things can come from non-living things.
DNA
The chemical inside cells that stores information about an or…
12 terms
Biology Prefixes 9/9
haplo-
hemo-/hema-/hemato-
hemi-
hetero-
single, simple
blood
one-half
different, other
haplo-
single, simple
hemo-/hema-/hemato-
blood
19 terms
Biology Lesson 8 and 9
Predation
Symbiosis
Predator
Parasitism
An interaction in which one organism captures and feeds on an…
A close relationship between two species that benefits at lea…
An animal that hunts other animals for food
A relationship between two organisms of different species whe…
Predation
An interaction in which one organism captures and feeds on an…
Symbiosis
A close relationship between two species that benefits at lea…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 8 & 9
ATP (Defintion)
ADP
Using ATP Energy
Storing ATP
Adenosine Triphosphate, a form of energy release that cells u…
Adenine Disphosphate, how excess energy is stored in the cell…
Cells use ATP energy for active transport (more specifically…
Organisms do not store ATP for long. They store the energy as…
ATP (Defintion)
Adenosine Triphosphate, a form of energy release that cells u…
ADP
Adenine Disphosphate, how excess energy is stored in the cell…
30 terms
Biology Marcus 9 Vocabulary
Cell
Homeostasis
Energy
Matter
The smallest basic unit of a plant or animal.
The process by which a living thing or a cell keeps the condi…
The ability to make something move or change.
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Cell
The smallest basic unit of a plant or animal.
Homeostasis
The process by which a living thing or a cell keeps the condi…
Plant Biology - Topic 9.3
Photoperiodism
Short-day plants
long-day plants
phytochrome
the response of an organism to the changing length of day
plants that flower only when the period of darkness in longer…
plants that only flower during uninterrupted period of darkne…
pigments (receptor molecule) in the leaves that measures leng…
Photoperiodism
the response of an organism to the changing length of day
Short-day plants
plants that flower only when the period of darkness in longer…
168 terms
Biology 9 Final Review
what is a theistic evolutionist?
what is a literalist evolutionist?
what is a day-age theorist?
what is a gap theorist?
they regard God and have an understanding of scientific evolu…
they believe in God, the Bible, and creation
they believe in the 6-days for Genesis, but think that each d…
there is a gap between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2, etc.
what is a theistic evolutionist?
they regard God and have an understanding of scientific evolu…
what is a literalist evolutionist?
they believe in God, the Bible, and creation
51 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 9
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Sun
Exergonic
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
Energy ultimately comes from the ___.
Compounds that can participate in ____ reactions can act as f…
Photosynthesis
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Cellular Respiration
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
10 terms
Biology: U9L9
alternation of generations
annual
differentiation
elongation
the idea that the sporophyte generation and the gametophyte g…
a plant that completes its life cycle from seed germination t…
the process of changing cells or organisms from a generalized…
in the maturation process of cells, the first step after prod…
alternation of generations
the idea that the sporophyte generation and the gametophyte g…
annual
a plant that completes its life cycle from seed germination t…
10 terms
Biology Vocabulary List 9
Cilia
Cirrhosis
Colon
Balanced diet
Tiny extensions on the surface of a cell, which can wave in u…
A disease of the liver in which the cells are permanently dam…
Sometimes called the large intestine, this section of the ali…
A diet containing some of each of the different types of nutr…
Cilia
Tiny extensions on the surface of a cell, which can wave in u…
Cirrhosis
A disease of the liver in which the cells are permanently dam…
29 terms
Ecology Biology 9
Ecology
Biodiversity
Biosphere
Biome
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
The number of different species in an area
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
Ecology
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Biodiversity
The number of different species in an area
65 terms
Biology 9
What are the differences between proka…
when did the first bacteria appear on…
what is another name for blue-green al…
what are pathogens?
pro- no membrane bound organelle ... euk- membrane bound organelle
3.5 bya
cyanobacteria
disease causing agents
What are the differences between proka…
pro- no membrane bound organelle ... euk- membrane bound organelle
when did the first bacteria appear on…
3.5 bya
17 terms
Biology 9
passive transport
concentration gradient
equilibrium
diffusion
does not require energy from the cell
difference in the concentration of a substance across a space
concentration of a substance is equal throughout a space
movement of a substance down the substance's concentration gr…
passive transport
does not require energy from the cell
concentration gradient
difference in the concentration of a substance across a space
20 terms
Biology #9
Bacteriophages
Lytic
Lysogenic
Prions
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage.
A type of viral (phage) replication cycle resulting in the re…
a viral reproductive cycle in which the viral DNA is added to…
infectious proteins
Bacteriophages
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage.
Lytic
A type of viral (phage) replication cycle resulting in the re…
51 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 9
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Sun
Exergonic
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
Energy ultimately comes from the ___.
Compounds that can participate in ____ reactions can act as f…
Photosynthesis
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Cellular Respiration
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Cellular Repsiration
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
-process of using substances other than oxygen as reactants t…
-process for animal to breathe oxygen; aerobic + anaerobic... -C…
Fermentation
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
Aerobic Respiration
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
39 terms
Year 9 Biology fundamentals
cell
nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell membrane
The biological building block of all organisms
A compartment where the genetic information for a cell is kep…
A jelly like substance in all cells apart from viruses. This…
This is an outer barrier to all cells apart from viruses that…
cell
The biological building block of all organisms
nucleus
A compartment where the genetic information for a cell is kep…
20 terms
#9 BIOLOGY ECA REVIEW - Evolution
b) reproductive cells
a) the age of the isolated rock can be…
a) sedimentary
a) determine the age by comparing it t…
b) reproductive cells
a) the age of the isolated rock can be…
19 terms
Biology 9
Anaphase
Apoptosis
Cancer
Carcinogen
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Programmed cell death
Uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
Cancer-causing substance
Anaphase
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death
50 terms
Biology #9
what is the exception to the third pos…
Why is sexual reproduction so importan…
Why is meiosis necessary?
What are germ-line cells and what are…
Fertilization requires union of 2 cells to make one (haploid…
results in more genetic diversity; all gametes are geneticall…
It reduces the chromosome number in gametes.
germ-line cells are 2n cells that undego meiosis to produce g…
what is the exception to the third pos…
Fertilization requires union of 2 cells to make one (haploid…
Why is sexual reproduction so importan…
results in more genetic diversity; all gametes are geneticall…
10 terms
Biology 9
Charles R. Darwin
Thomas Malthus
Sir Charles Lyell
Galapagos Islands
The Origin of Species
the idea of a struggle for survival
the present is the key to the past
Darwin's Finches
Charles R. Darwin
The Origin of Species
Thomas Malthus
the idea of a struggle for survival
17 terms
Biology 9
Genetics
Heredity
Trait
Pollination
field of biology dedicated to understand how characteristics…
transmission of characteristics
genetically determined variant of a characteristic
occurs when pollen grains produced in the anthers are transfe…
Genetics
field of biology dedicated to understand how characteristics…
Heredity
transmission of characteristics
biology -9
the diffusion of water through a selec…
the movement of molecules or ions from…
facilitated diffusion
simple diffusion
osmosis
diffusion
type of diffusion that requires proteins, but no energy; move…
type of diffusion that doesn't require protein or energy: exa…
the diffusion of water through a selec…
osmosis
the movement of molecules or ions from…
diffusion
12 terms
Biology 9
Biotechnology
Differentiation
gel electrophoresis
gene cloning
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
Process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
Procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
The production of multiple copies of a gene.
Biotechnology
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
Differentiation
Process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
26 terms
Biology 9
Evolution
Theory
Adaptations
Convergent evolution
Change over time
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
A behavior or physical characteristic that allows an organism…
Evolution toward similar characteristics in unrelated species
Evolution
Change over time
Theory
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
45 terms
Biology 9
ecosystem
ecology
population
community
A system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
(ecology) a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the…
ecosystem
A system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
ecology
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
88 terms
9 Biology
Cellular respiration
energy
respiratory system
circulatory system
The process in which glucose is combined with oxygen and is t…
The ability of something to do work. Generated in the form of…
System responsible for taking in oxygen and releasing carbon…
The human body system that contians the heart, blood, and all…
Cellular respiration
The process in which glucose is combined with oxygen and is t…
energy
The ability of something to do work. Generated in the form of…
28 terms
Biology 9 - Chapter 10
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
process in which a cell divides into 2 daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from 2 parents unite to f…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Cell Division
process in which a cell divides into 2 daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
40 terms
Biology 9 - Chapter 7
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
basic unit of all forms of life
fundamental concept of biology that states that all living th…
thin, flexible barrier that surrounds all cells; regulates wh…
in cells, structure that contains the cell's genetic material…
Cell
basic unit of all forms of life
Cell Theory
fundamental concept of biology that states that all living th…
146 terms
biology 9
Biosphere
Ecosystem
Organism
Cell
consist of all the parts of the planet that are inhabited by…
is the community if living things in an area, along with the…
living things
life's basic units of structure and function. All organisms a…
Biosphere
consist of all the parts of the planet that are inhabited by…
Ecosystem
is the community if living things in an area, along with the…
200 terms
Biology 9
Biosphere
Biodiversity
Species
Organism
all living things on earth and the places they are found
the variety of life on earth
a particular type of organism which can reproduce amongst the…
an individual living thing
Biosphere
all living things on earth and the places they are found
Biodiversity
the variety of life on earth
10 terms
Biology #9
Crossing Over
Diploid
Fertilization
Gamete
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Having two copies of each chromosome (2n).
Process by which haploid gametes combine, forming a diploid c…
A haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
Crossing Over
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Diploid
Having two copies of each chromosome (2n).
13 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocab
Vaccine
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophage
A weakened or inactive version of a pathogen that stimulates…
A micro-organism or virus that causes disease and that is hig…
Is a change in genotype caused when cells take up foreign gen…
Is a virus that infects bacteria. Aka phage
Vaccine
A weakened or inactive version of a pathogen that stimulates…
Virulent
A micro-organism or virus that causes disease and that is hig…
38 terms
Biology 9: The Digestive System
Intracellular vs Extracellular digestion
Alimentary Canal
Enteric nervous system
Peristalsis
Intraceulluar digestion is metabolism of nutrients for energy…
"outside of the body" ... mouth-pharynx-esophagus-stomach-SI-LI…
collection of neurons that govern the GI system... Innvervates…
rhythmic contraction of small muscle in the alimentary canal…
Intracellular vs Extracellular digestion
Intraceulluar digestion is metabolism of nutrients for energy…
Alimentary Canal
"outside of the body" ... mouth-pharynx-esophagus-stomach-SI-LI…
15 terms
Year 9 Biology key words
adaptation
carnivore
herbivore
omnivore
A change made of many generations, to give the organism a bio…
An organism that eats only meat.
An organism that eats only plants.
An organism that eats both meat and plants.
adaptation
A change made of many generations, to give the organism a bio…
carnivore
An organism that eats only meat.
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