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Study sets matching "biology anatomy and physiology"

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Study sets matching "biology anatomy and physiology"

29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
154 terms
Biology: Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy literal meaning:
Anatomy
Physiology
Root for cell
cutting open
form and structure
function
cyto
Anatomy literal meaning:
cutting open
Anatomy
form and structure
54 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology Terms
organ
organ system
organism
hormonal modification
a part of an organism that is typically self-contained and ha…
a group of organs that work together to perform one or more f…
the material structure of an individual life form
a substance produced by one tissue and conveyed by the bloods…
organ
a part of an organism that is typically self-contained and ha…
organ system
a group of organs that work together to perform one or more f…
20 terms
Biology II Anatomy and Physiology Intro
Anatomy
Physiology
Dissection
Anatomical Position
The study of structure of an organism and the relationship of…
The study of body function
Cutting technique used to separate body parts for study
The reference position for the body, which gives meaning to d…
Anatomy
The study of structure of an organism and the relationship of…
Physiology
The study of body function
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Biology
Replication
Cell Division
Template Strand
Complimentary Strand
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The DNA strand that provides the template for ordering the se…
The DNA strand that is created by RNA transcript.
Replication
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
108 terms
Biology 141: Anatomy and Physiology
cytology, developmental, embryology, g…
Anatomy
Cytology
histology
What are the 7 subtopic of Anatomy?
Science of the body relevant to the shape/form (the make-up
"Study of cell population" and the patterns of, if there's ab…
"Study of tissues"... structural piece made from aggregation or…
cytology, developmental, embryology, g…
What are the 7 subtopic of Anatomy?
Anatomy
Science of the body relevant to the shape/form (the make-up
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Biology
Replication
Cell Division
Template Strand
Complimentary Strand
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The DNA strand that provides the template for ordering the se…
The DNA strand that is created by RNA transcript.
Replication
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology, Systems
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology Systems
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Mechanically, Chemically
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Digestion is __________ first, ___________ second.
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Digestion is __________ first, _______…
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Mechanically, Chemically
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
9 terms
Biology Plant Anatomy and Physiology
ovary
stigma
sepals
filament
contains the egg cells
located on top of the pistil - sticky
petals are surrounded by the...
the anther is supported by the...
ovary
contains the egg cells
stigma
located on top of the pistil - sticky
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
11 terms
Biology: Anatomy and Physiology
How does the digestive system convert…
How does the circulatory system transp…
How is waste removed from the cells?
How does the respiratory system provid…
The food goes in through the mouth. It passes through the pha…
The oxygen diffuses into the blood through the alveoli at the…
CO2: The carbon dioxide and water diffuses through the alveol…
The air is breathed in from the nose. It goes down the pharyn…
How does the digestive system convert…
The food goes in through the mouth. It passes through the pha…
How does the circulatory system transp…
The oxygen diffuses into the blood through the alveoli at the…
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Biology
Replication
Cell Division
Template Strand
Complimentary Strand
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The DNA strand that provides the template for ordering the se…
The DNA strand that is created by RNA transcript.
Replication
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
55 terms
AP Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Animal Hormone
Target Cells
Nervous System
Endocrine System
Chemical signals that are secreted into the circulatory syste…
Hormones can reach to all parts of the body, but due to speci…
- Outputs high speed electrical signals along cells (neurons)…
- Secretes hormones that produce slower, but long term respon…
Animal Hormone
Chemical signals that are secreted into the circulatory syste…
Target Cells
Hormones can reach to all parts of the body, but due to speci…
75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Digestion is __________ first, _______…
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Mechanically, Chemically
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
68 terms
Biology - Bootcamp - Anatomy and Physiology
What is the function of epiglottis?
Hydrolyzes the NT ACh. Mainly found at…
Digestive enzyme in mouth that digests…
Digestive enzyme that break down prote…
Close trachea when swallow
Acetylcholinesterase
Amylase
Pepsin
What is the function of epiglottis?
Close trachea when swallow
Hydrolyzes the NT ACh. Mainly found at…
Acetylcholinesterase
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Biology
Replication
Cell Division
Template Strand
Complimentary Strand
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The DNA strand that provides the template for ordering the se…
The DNA strand that is created by RNA transcript.
Replication
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
67 terms
CP Biology Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
levels of body structure
integumentary
the study of the structure of an organism and its parts
the study of function of those parts
Cell-tissues-organs-organ systems-organism
(skin)- covers the body and protects it from injury, infectio…
Anatomy
the study of the structure of an organism and its parts
Physiology
the study of function of those parts
MCAS Biology: Anatomy and Physiology
skeletal system
muscular system
digestive system
circulatory system
system which creates new blood cells, protects vital organs,…
system which is responsible for moving bones and for moving m…
system responsible for breaking food into small molecules tha…
system which is the transport (of gases, wastes, nutrients, e…
skeletal system
system which creates new blood cells, protects vital organs,…
muscular system
system which is responsible for moving bones and for moving m…
16 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy/Physiology
Starting from body cells, trace the fl…
Which structure is a maturation and st…
Describe the path and the changes that…
What is the function of the placenta?
1. body cells... 2. vena cava... 3. right atrium... 4. right ventricle…
epididymis
the zygote divides, as it moves along the oviduct also known…
provides nutrients and oxygen to the embryo and gets rid of m…
Starting from body cells, trace the fl…
1. body cells... 2. vena cava... 3. right atrium... 4. right ventricle…
Which structure is a maturation and st…
epididymis
Biology, Anatomy and Physiology
Biology
anatomy
Macroscopic (Gross) anatomy
surface anatomy
The study of life
The study of internal and external structures in the physical…
Study of features visible with the unaided eye (MacroAnatomy)
Study of form and markings visible from outside of an organism
Biology
The study of life
anatomy
The study of internal and external structures in the physical…
75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Digestion is __________ first, _______…
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Mechanically, Chemically
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
102 terms
Hesi Biology/ Anatomy &Physiology
Alleles
Amino Acid
Binary Fission
Chromosomes
Alternate versions of a gene
Organic compounds that contain at least one amino group & a c…
Type of asexual reproduction;parent cell splits into two iden…
Compact rod-shaped bodies located within the nucleus of a cel…
Alleles
Alternate versions of a gene
Amino Acid
Organic compounds that contain at least one amino group & a c…
54 terms
Biology: Anatomy and Physiology
Organ
Organ System
Organism
Hormonal Modification
Groups of tissues with similar functions combined
Groups of organs combined
Several organ systems work together and combine (an entire li…
Alterations in hormone level yield predictable modifications…
Organ
Groups of tissues with similar functions combined
Organ System
Groups of organs combined
96 terms
Biology: Anatomy and Physiology
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
Rugae
opening to the digestive system, chews the food
connects the mouth to the stomach
a pouch-like organ in a digestive tube that grinds and churns…
folds that allow the stomach to expand/inflate
Mouth
opening to the digestive system, chews the food
Esophagus
connects the mouth to the stomach
biology final-anatomy and physiology
mouth
pharynx
esophagus
stomach
mechanical digestion to break down food and chemical digestion
tube where nose and throat tubes meet
food tube to the stomach
churns food chemicals-pepsin and acid start chemical digestion
mouth
mechanical digestion to break down food and chemical digestion
pharynx
tube where nose and throat tubes meet
39 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
towards the head
toward the feet
front
back
Superior
towards the head
Inferior
toward the feet
26 terms
Biology anatomy and physiology unit
What is an animal?
Other aspects of an animal
What do all animals need to survive
What is the animal kingdom made up of
Eukaryotic cell... Multicellular... Lacking cell walls... Ingestive he…
Store food as glycogen ... Motile at some point... Skeletal support…
Feeding... Respiration... Circulation ... Excretion... Response... Movement…
Vertebrates and invertebrates
What is an animal?
Eukaryotic cell... Multicellular... Lacking cell walls... Ingestive he…
Other aspects of an animal
Store food as glycogen ... Motile at some point... Skeletal support…
118 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy and Physiology
epithelial
nervous tissue
muscle
connective
____ tissue: covering of either inside or outside body; strat…
type of tissue that carries out signal transmission
____ tissue: carries out movement
____ tissue: various function; includes adipose tissue, carti…
epithelial
____ tissue: covering of either inside or outside body; strat…
nervous tissue
type of tissue that carries out signal transmission
102 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anterior (ventral)
Posterior (dorsal)
Superior
Inferior
toward the front
toward the back
upward toward the head
downward toward the feet
Anterior (ventral)
toward the front
Posterior (dorsal)
toward the back
11 terms
Biology 2401: Anatomy and Physiology Cavities
Thoracic (cavity)
Cranial (cavity)
Vertebral [canal] (aka spinal cavity)
Abdominal (cavity)
Thoracic (cavity)
Cranial (cavity)
29 terms
Biology Human Anatomy and Physiology
Mouth
Small intestine
Liver
Alveoli
where digestion begins
digestive organ in which most chemical digestion takes place
organ that makes bile to break down fats; also filters poison…
Tiny sacs of lung tissue specialized for the movement of gase…
Mouth
where digestion begins
Small intestine
digestive organ in which most chemical digestion takes place
140 terms
DAT Biology - Anatomy and Physiology
what do lymph vessels do?
how does lymph move through the lymph…
what does blockage of the lymphatic sy…
what are lacteals?
permeate tissue, collecting excess interstitial fluid (lymph)…
by the pressure of skeletal muscles
swelling - fluid accumulates in the tissues
lymph capillaries - collect fats from the small intestine and…
what do lymph vessels do?
permeate tissue, collecting excess interstitial fluid (lymph)…
how does lymph move through the lymph…
by the pressure of skeletal muscles
40 terms
HESI - Biology - Anatomy and Physiology
four basic properties of life
Reception
Metabolism
Reproduction
Reception, Metabolism, Reproduction, Organization.
is the ability of the organism to control its actions and res…
is the process of taking in and using nutrients to produce en…
is the ability to reproduce offspring to continue the species.
four basic properties of life
Reception, Metabolism, Reproduction, Organization.
Reception
is the ability of the organism to control its actions and res…
206 terms
biology anatomy/physiology test
Eukaryotic cells (without cell walls),…
invertebrate
vertebrate
maintain homeostasis, get oxygen and n…
What are the 3 characteristics that animals have?
make up 95% of all animals, no spinal cord, ex.sea stars, wor…
less than 5% of all animals; have a pharynx(mouth area), tail…
What 4 functions do animals need to survive?
Eukaryotic cells (without cell walls),…
What are the 3 characteristics that animals have?
invertebrate
make up 95% of all animals, no spinal cord, ex.sea stars, wor…
23 terms
Biology: Anatomy and Physiology Test
Which list represents the levels of or…
The elbow joint bends when
Ligaments connect
which of the following is not a functi…
cell, tissue, organ. organ system
both the biceps and the triceps muscle relax
bone to bone
contracts and relaxes muscles
Which list represents the levels of or…
cell, tissue, organ. organ system
The elbow joint bends when
both the biceps and the triceps muscle relax
24 terms
Biology 2401: Anatomy and Physiology Regional Anatomy
Oral
Orbital
Occipital
Cervical
Mouth
Eyes
Back of the head
Neck
Oral
Mouth
Orbital
Eyes
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Biology review
1
2
3
4
Protons, Electrons, Neutrons
Atoms
compound
molecules
1
Protons, Electrons, Neutrons
2
Atoms
15 terms
Nephron anatomy and physiology- AP Biology
Glomerulus
Bowman's Capsule
Efferent arteriole
Afferent arteriole
Tightly-woven ball of capillaries used for filtration
Cup-shaped structure used for blood filtration
Sends blood away from the glomerulus (connected to capillaries)
Takes blood into the glomerulus
Glomerulus
Tightly-woven ball of capillaries used for filtration
Bowman's Capsule
Cup-shaped structure used for blood filtration
66 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Cell Biology
cytoplasm, nucleus, plasma membrane
cytosol and organelles
houses the cell's DNA
chromosome
three main parts of a cell
two components of cytoplasm
function of nucleus
single molecule of DNA associated with several proteins and c…
cytoplasm, nucleus, plasma membrane
three main parts of a cell
cytosol and organelles
two components of cytoplasm
40 terms
Biology: Anatomy and Physiology
Saivary gland
Pharynx
Esophagus
Stomach
Glands in your mouth that stimulate your senses
Cavity in back of throat that connects your mouth, nose and e…
Muscle that leads to stomach
Produces a horemone called gastrin. mixing and churning muscu…
Saivary gland
Glands in your mouth that stimulate your senses
Pharynx
Cavity in back of throat that connects your mouth, nose and e…
195 terms
Anatomy/Physiology - AP Biology
3 nutritional needs
Essential nutrients
Essential fatty acids
Essential amino acids
Chemical energy for cellular processes, organic building bloc…
Preassembled organic molecules and minerals required for some…
Animals cannot synthesize, contain one or more double bond
Remaining amino acids that must be obtained from food in pref…
3 nutritional needs
Chemical energy for cellular processes, organic building bloc…
Essential nutrients
Preassembled organic molecules and minerals required for some…
43 terms
Biology Lab Anatomy/physiology
Scrotal sacs and testes
Genital papilla and clitoris
Fascia
Tendon
contain the testes.
consists of collagen. Enclose individual muscles and bones
narrow extension of fascia beyond the muscles
Scrotal sacs and testes
contain the testes.
Genital papilla and clitoris
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