Study sets matching "biology anatomy physiology chapter 10"

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Study sets matching "biology anatomy physiology chapter 10"

424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
128 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Axon
Dendrite
Synapse
Cell Body
Axon
Dendrite
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 10
Corrugator
Obicularis Oculi
Obicularis Ori
Masseter
O: Frontal Bone... I: Skin of Forehead... A: Bring eyebrows closer…
A: Blinking and tearing... N: Cranial Nerve 7 (Facial Nerve)
A: Closing mouth... N: Cranial Nerve 7 (Facial Nerve)
A: Chewing up and down... N: Cranial Nerve 5 (Trigeminal Nerve)
Corrugator
O: Frontal Bone... I: Skin of Forehead... A: Bring eyebrows closer…
Obicularis Oculi
A: Blinking and tearing... N: Cranial Nerve 7 (Facial Nerve)
199 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 10
what is the muscular system
how many muscles are in the human body
what is myology
what are the 5 functions of muscles
composed of the skeletal muscles only
over 600 muscles in the human muscular system
study of the muscular system
movement, stability, control of body openings and passages, h…
what is the muscular system
composed of the skeletal muscles only
how many muscles are in the human body
over 600 muscles in the human muscular system
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 10- Senses
Chemoreceptors
Pain Receptors
Thermoceptors
Mechanoreceptors
respond to changes in chemical concentrations
respond to chemicals released during tissue damage
respond to changes in temperature
respond to mechanical forces
Chemoreceptors
respond to changes in chemical concentrations
Pain Receptors
respond to chemicals released during tissue damage
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 10
4 Lobes of the Cerebrum
Frontal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Frontal, Parietal, Occipital, Temporal
Speech and language part of the brain
Sounds and memory part of the brain
Vision part of the brain
4 Lobes of the Cerebrum
Frontal, Parietal, Occipital, Temporal
Frontal Lobe
Speech and language part of the brain
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Nervous System
CNS
PNS
3 Major Functions
Central Nervous System (CNS)... Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Brain and Spinal Cord
12 pairs of cranial nerves ... 31 pairs of spinal nerves
Sensory ... Integrative ... Motor
Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)... Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
CNS
Brain and Spinal Cord
113 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Muscle ___-___ % of body weight:
Functions of muscular tissue:
Excitability:
Contractility:
40-50%
-Create motion... -Stabilize body positions and maintain posture…
Can respond to stimulus (like nerves)
Can shorten in length
Muscle ___-___ % of body weight:
40-50%
Functions of muscular tissue:
-Create motion... -Stabilize body positions and maintain posture…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Muscle that attaches to bone
Appearance of skeletal muscle tissue
Muscle that makes up the wall of the h…
Appearance of cardiac muscle
skeletal
long cylindrical, many periphery located nuclei, striated
cardiac muscle
branched cylindrical fiber with one centrally located nucleus…
Muscle that attaches to bone
skeletal
Appearance of skeletal muscle tissue
long cylindrical, many periphery located nuclei, striated
49 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 10
What are the 6 functions of skeletal m…
What are the three layers of connectiv…
Sarcolemma
What are thin filaments comprised prim…
Produce skeletal movement... Maintain posture and body position…
Epimysium ... Perimysium... Endomysium
Plasma membrane of a muscle fiber
Actin
What are the 6 functions of skeletal m…
Produce skeletal movement... Maintain posture and body position…
What are the three layers of connectiv…
Epimysium ... Perimysium... Endomysium
120 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
What is a muscle fascicle?
What is the epimysium connected to?
What is the epimysium?
What is the perimysium?
A bundle of muscle fibers
The deep fascia
A dense layer of collagen fibers that surrounds the entire mu…
Divides skeletal muscle into fascicles
What is a muscle fascicle?
A bundle of muscle fibers
What is the epimysium connected to?
The deep fascia
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Blood
Albumin
Hemoglobin
7.35-7.45
5 million
The plasma protein that contributes to the osmotic pressure o…
The iron-containing protein found in RBCs that transport the…
Normal pH of blood
Normal number of erythrocytes in a cubic millimeter of blood
Albumin
The plasma protein that contributes to the osmotic pressure o…
Hemoglobin
The iron-containing protein found in RBCs that transport the…
113 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Muscle ___-___ % of body weight:
Functions of muscular tissue:
Excitability:
Contractility:
40-50%
-Create motion... -Stabilize body positions and maintain posture…
Can respond to stimulus (like nerves)
Can shorten in length
Muscle ___-___ % of body weight:
40-50%
Functions of muscular tissue:
-Create motion... -Stabilize body positions and maintain posture…
424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
422 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Striated, multinucleated, voluntary
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Properties of muscle tissue
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
87 terms
Anatomy & Physiology | Chapter 10
Skeletal muscle tissue
Cardiac muscle tissue
Smooth muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle functions (5)
responsible for voluntary movement... -voluntary (conscious cont…
-only in the heart... -involuntary
-in the walls of hollow organs e.g; stomach, urinary bladder…
-Body movement: integrated function of bones, muscles, and jo…
Skeletal muscle tissue
responsible for voluntary movement... -voluntary (conscious cont…
Cardiac muscle tissue
-only in the heart... -involuntary
83 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10
Skin (integument)
Integumentary System
Structure of the skin
Thin & thick skin
Body's largest organ... -measures approximately 1.6 to 1.9 m^2 (…
-integumentary is made up of the skin and its appendages
-cutaneous membrane... -two primary layers: epidermis & dermis;…
-thin skin covers most of the body's surface (1-3 mm thick)... -…
Skin (integument)
Body's largest organ... -measures approximately 1.6 to 1.9 m^2 (…
Integumentary System
-integumentary is made up of the skin and its appendages
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
The nervous system is the body's what?
The nervous system is grouped into wha…
What is the CNS?
The CNS consists of what?
control center and communication network
PNS and CNS
The control center for the whole system
Brain and Spinal cord
The nervous system is the body's what?
control center and communication network
The nervous system is grouped into wha…
PNS and CNS
50 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Nerve impulses
Dendrites
Neuroglial cells
Central nervous system
electrochemical changes that neurons use to transmit informat…
receive electochemical message while axons send information
provide physical support, insulation, and nutrients for neurons
brain and the spinal cord
Nerve impulses
electrochemical changes that neurons use to transmit informat…
Dendrites
receive electochemical message while axons send information
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
areas of compression
areas of refraction
promontory
change in energy in transduction
air particles clumped together
air particles apart
space between the oval and round windows
acoustic energy-->mechanical energy-->hydraulic energy-->elec…
areas of compression
air particles clumped together
areas of refraction
air particles apart
24 terms
Anatomy & physiology (Chapter 10)
Isotonic
Myosin; actin
Acetylcholine
Both
This type of muscle contraction shortens the skeletal muscle…
During rigor Mortis muscles are stuff due to the lack of ATP…
The neurotransmitter release from the axon to stimulate the m…
Regarding fast oxidative and slow oxidative fibers, most musc…
Isotonic
This type of muscle contraction shortens the skeletal muscle…
Myosin; actin
During rigor Mortis muscles are stuff due to the lack of ATP…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10: Muscles
The main functions of the muscular sys…
5 properties or characteristics of mus…
Why is skeletal muscle an organ?
Order of structures from large to smal…
1. Movement... 2. Heat Production/Temperature Regulation... 3. Prot…
1. Excitability... 2. Conductibility... 3. Contractibility ... 4. Exte…
It has multiple tissues. ... 1. Connective tissue... 2. Nervous tis…
Whole muscle, fascicle, fiber, myofibril, sarcomere
The main functions of the muscular sys…
1. Movement... 2. Heat Production/Temperature Regulation... 3. Prot…
5 properties or characteristics of mus…
1. Excitability... 2. Conductibility... 3. Contractibility ... 4. Exte…
85 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
to transport nutrients, wastes, hormon…
connective tissue
living cells, nonliving plasma matrix
Erythrocytes
What is the primary function of blood?
Blood is classified as
What are the 2 main components of blood?
red blood cells
to transport nutrients, wastes, hormon…
What is the primary function of blood?
connective tissue
Blood is classified as
68 terms
Liver anatomy and physiology Chapter 10
Spleen
Kidney cortex
Pancreas
Fundus of stomach
The ______________ is about the same or slightly less echogen…
The ______________ is isoechoic to slightly hyperechoic to li…
The ______________ is the same or slightly more echogenic tha…
The _______________ is posterior and lateral to the left lobe…
Spleen
The ______________ is about the same or slightly less echogen…
Kidney cortex
The ______________ is isoechoic to slightly hyperechoic to li…
Human Anatomy & Physiology-Chapter 10
Neurons
Dendrites
Axons
Nerves
Nerve Cell
Process Of A Neuron That Recieves Input From Other Neurons
A Nerve Fiber; Conducts A Nerve Impulse Away From A Neuron Ce…
Bundle Of Nerve Fibers
Neurons
Nerve Cell
Dendrites
Process Of A Neuron That Recieves Input From Other Neurons
30 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Chemoreceptor
Thermoreceptor
Mechanoreceptor
Photoreceptor
A receptor that is stimulated by the binding of certain chemi…
A sensory receptor sensitive to temperature changes; heat and…
A sensory receptor that senses mechanical stimulation, such a…
A sensory receptor sensitive to light energy; rods and cones…
Chemoreceptor
A receptor that is stimulated by the binding of certain chemi…
Thermoreceptor
A sensory receptor sensitive to temperature changes; heat and…
85 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 10/11
The contractions of skeletal muscle do…
Skeletal muscle is responsible for con…
Skeletal muscle supports the weight of?
What muscle helps maintain body temper…
Pull on tendons and move bones of the skeleton
Digestive and Urinary Tracts
Some internal organs
Skeletal Muscle
The contractions of skeletal muscle do…
Pull on tendons and move bones of the skeleton
Skeletal muscle is responsible for con…
Digestive and Urinary Tracts
70 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
blood
formed elements
plasma
erythrocytes
transports everything that must be carried from one place to…
living blood cells
nonliving fluid matrix in the blood; approximately 90 percent…
red blood cells; account for about 45 percent of the total vo…
blood
transports everything that must be carried from one place to…
formed elements
living blood cells
Chapter 10 Anatomy and Physiology
Skeletal Muscle Tissue, Connective Tis…
Origin
Insertion
Belly
___ ___ ___ and ___ ___ make up individual muscles
attachment of the muscle tendon to a stationary bone
attachment of the muscle tendon to a moveable bone
portion of the muscle between tendons of origin and insertion
Skeletal Muscle Tissue, Connective Tis…
___ ___ ___ and ___ ___ make up individual muscles
Origin
attachment of the muscle tendon to a stationary bone
Chapter 10 Anatomy and Physiology
functions of muscles
endomysium
myology
perimysium
movement, stability, control of body openings and passages, h…
thin sleeve of loose connective tissue that surrounds each mu…
the study of the muscular system
a thicker connective tissue sheath that wraps muscle fibers t…
functions of muscles
movement, stability, control of body openings and passages, h…
endomysium
thin sleeve of loose connective tissue that surrounds each mu…
Anatomy and physiology chapter 10
Prime movers
Antagonist
Another name for prime movers
Synergists
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Muscles that oppose or reverse
Agonists
Help prime movers by adding force to a movement and reducing…
Prime movers
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Antagonist
Muscles that oppose or reverse
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 10
Mechanical, thermal, electromagnetic,…
Visceral sensations
Touch sense
Tactile sense
General types of stimuli.
Miscellaneous category of interior body sensations. They are…
Type of sense that is broken down into tactile and pressure.…
Send Seshan of something in contact with the surface of the b…
Mechanical, thermal, electromagnetic,…
General types of stimuli.
Visceral sensations
Miscellaneous category of interior body sensations. They are…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Arrangement of the elements is fulcrum…
Humerus -- ulna joint.... a) Second-cl…
Tibia -- calcaneus joint.... a) Second…
Humerus -- metacarpal joint.... a) Sec…
a) Second-class lever
b) Third-class lever... Arrangement of the elements is ... load…
a) Second-class lever... Arrangement of the elements is fulcr…
c) First-class lever... Arrangement of the elements is ... load…
Arrangement of the elements is fulcrum…
a) Second-class lever
Humerus -- ulna joint.... a) Second-cl…
b) Third-class lever... Arrangement of the elements is ... load…
120 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
What is a muscle fascicle?
What is the epimysium connected to?
What is the epimysium?
What is the perimysium?
A bundle of muscle fibers
The deep fascia
A dense layer of collagen fibers that surrounds the entire mu…
Divides skeletal muscle into fascicles
What is a muscle fascicle?
A bundle of muscle fibers
What is the epimysium connected to?
The deep fascia
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 10: Senses
Senses
Sensory receptors
General senses
Special senses
help the body maintain homeostasis by providing information
are the portals that link our nervous systems to environmenta…
-Receptors that are widely distributed throughout the body... -S…
-Specialized receptors confined to structures in the head ... -E…
Senses
help the body maintain homeostasis by providing information
Sensory receptors
are the portals that link our nervous systems to environmenta…
234 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 10
muscle tissue
a
b
b
composed of specialized cells that are able to contract
skeletal muscles are:... a. voluntary... b. involuntary
cardiac muscles are:... a. voluntary... b. involuntary
smooth muscles are:... a. voluntary... b. involuntary
muscle tissue
composed of specialized cells that are able to contract
a
skeletal muscles are:... a. voluntary... b. involuntary
38 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10 review
Exocrine glands and organs
Hormones
Steroids
Steroids
Produce secretions that must exit that gland through a duct
Chemical messengers released by endocrine glands
Power hormone can bind to sites inside cell
Lipid molecules can pass easily through cell membrane
Exocrine glands and organs
Produce secretions that must exit that gland through a duct
Hormones
Chemical messengers released by endocrine glands
98 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Functions of Skeletal Muscles
Properties of muscle tissue
Skeletal Muscle Structures
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Produce skeletal movement, maintain body position, suppotryin…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Muscle tissues, connective tissues, nerves, blood vessels
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Functions of Skeletal Muscles
Produce skeletal movement, maintain body position, suppotryin…
424 terms
EE 13: Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Striated, multinucleated, voluntary
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Properties of muscle tissue
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
28 terms
Campbell Essential Biology with Physiology Chapter 10
nucleotide
sugar-phosphate backbone
DNA
RNA
The sub-unit of nucleic acids (DNA, RNA) consisting of a suga…
A repeating pattern of sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphate that l…
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid- Bases: thymine (T), cytosine (C), aden…
Ribonucleic Acid- uracil (U), cytosine (C), adenine (A), guan…
nucleotide
The sub-unit of nucleic acids (DNA, RNA) consisting of a suga…
sugar-phosphate backbone
A repeating pattern of sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphate that l…
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Striated, multinucleated, voluntary
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Properties of muscle tissue
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Striated, multinucleated, voluntary
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Properties of muscle tissue
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10 - Muscles
Functions of muscles
Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle Tis…
Exictability
Conductivity
1. Movement... 2. Maintain posture... a) Some muscles continually c…
1. Exictability... 2. Conductivity... 3. Contractility... 4. Elasticit…
Ability to respond to nervous system stimulation
Ability to produce an electrical signal that travels along mu…
Functions of muscles
1. Movement... 2. Maintain posture... a) Some muscles continually c…
Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle Tis…
1. Exictability... 2. Conductivity... 3. Contractility... 4. Elasticit…
12 terms
Chapter 10 Anatomy & Physiology
Name the three formed elements of blood.
State the function of erythrocytes.
There are approximately _______ millio…
The life span of an erythrocyte is ___…
erythrocytes, thrombocytes, leukocytes
transport oxygen and carbon dioxide
5
80-120 days
Name the three formed elements of blood.
erythrocytes, thrombocytes, leukocytes
State the function of erythrocytes.
transport oxygen and carbon dioxide
29 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10
Frontalis
Occipitalis
Orbicularis Oculi
Lector Labii Superioris
Wrinkles forehead
Raising eyebrows, pulling back scalp🌟
Closes eyelids🌟
Elevates upper lip
Frontalis
Wrinkles forehead
Occipitalis
Raising eyebrows, pulling back scalp🌟
160 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
triangles of the neck
muscles of mastication
muscles of mastication nerve supply
masseter origin
anterior triangle, sternocleidomastoid, and posterior triange
masseter, temporalis, medial pterygoid, and lateral pterygoid
trigeminal nerve
lower border of zygomatic arch
triangles of the neck
anterior triangle, sternocleidomastoid, and posterior triange
muscles of mastication
masseter, temporalis, medial pterygoid, and lateral pterygoid
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