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Study sets matching "biology anatomy physiology chapter 10"

424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
128 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Axon
Dendrite
Synapse
Cell Body
Axon
Dendrite
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 10
Corrugator
Obicularis Oculi
Obicularis Ori
Masseter
O: Frontal Bone... I: Skin of Forehead... A: Bring eyebrows closer…
A: Blinking and tearing... N: Cranial Nerve 7 (Facial Nerve)
A: Closing mouth... N: Cranial Nerve 7 (Facial Nerve)
A: Chewing up and down... N: Cranial Nerve 5 (Trigeminal Nerve)
Corrugator
O: Frontal Bone... I: Skin of Forehead... A: Bring eyebrows closer…
Obicularis Oculi
A: Blinking and tearing... N: Cranial Nerve 7 (Facial Nerve)
199 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 10
what is the muscular system
how many muscles are in the human body
what is myology
what are the 5 functions of muscles
composed of the skeletal muscles only
over 600 muscles in the human muscular system
study of the muscular system
movement, stability, control of body openings and passages, h…
what is the muscular system
composed of the skeletal muscles only
how many muscles are in the human body
over 600 muscles in the human muscular system
83 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10
Skin (integument)
Integumentary System
Structure of the skin
Thin & thick skin
Body's largest organ... -measures approximately 1.6 to 1.9 m^2 (…
-integumentary is made up of the skin and its appendages
-cutaneous membrane... -two primary layers: epidermis & dermis;…
-thin skin covers most of the body's surface (1-3 mm thick)... -…
Skin (integument)
Body's largest organ... -measures approximately 1.6 to 1.9 m^2 (…
Integumentary System
-integumentary is made up of the skin and its appendages
66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Nervous System
CNS
PNS
3 Major Functions
Central Nervous System (CNS)... Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Brain and Spinal Cord
12 pairs of cranial nerves ... 31 pairs of spinal nerves
Sensory ... Integrative ... Motor
Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)... Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
CNS
Brain and Spinal Cord
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 10
4 Lobes of the Cerebrum
Frontal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Frontal, Parietal, Occipital, Temporal
Speech and language part of the brain
Sounds and memory part of the brain
Vision part of the brain
4 Lobes of the Cerebrum
Frontal, Parietal, Occipital, Temporal
Frontal Lobe
Speech and language part of the brain
113 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Muscle ___-___ % of body weight:
Functions of muscular tissue:
Excitability:
Contractility:
40-50%
-Create motion... -Stabilize body positions and maintain posture…
Can respond to stimulus (like nerves)
Can shorten in length
Muscle ___-___ % of body weight:
40-50%
Functions of muscular tissue:
-Create motion... -Stabilize body positions and maintain posture…
49 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 10
What are the 6 functions of skeletal m…
What are the three layers of connectiv…
Sarcolemma
What are thin filaments comprised prim…
Produce skeletal movement... Maintain posture and body position…
Epimysium ... Perimysium... Endomysium
Plasma membrane of a muscle fiber
Actin
What are the 6 functions of skeletal m…
Produce skeletal movement... Maintain posture and body position…
What are the three layers of connectiv…
Epimysium ... Perimysium... Endomysium
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Muscle that attaches to bone
Appearance of skeletal muscle tissue
Muscle that makes up the wall of the h…
Appearance of cardiac muscle
skeletal
long cylindrical, many periphery located nuclei, striated
cardiac muscle
branched cylindrical fiber with one centrally located nucleus…
Muscle that attaches to bone
skeletal
Appearance of skeletal muscle tissue
long cylindrical, many periphery located nuclei, striated
120 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
What is a muscle fascicle?
What is the epimysium connected to?
What is the epimysium?
What is the perimysium?
A bundle of muscle fibers
The deep fascia
A dense layer of collagen fibers that surrounds the entire mu…
Divides skeletal muscle into fascicles
What is a muscle fascicle?
A bundle of muscle fibers
What is the epimysium connected to?
The deep fascia
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Contraction cycle
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Atp Hydrolysis, Cross bridge, Power stroke, detachment of myo…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Contraction cycle
Atp Hydrolysis, Cross bridge, Power stroke, detachment of myo…
424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
160 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
triangles of the neck
muscles of mastication
muscles of mastication nerve supply
masseter origin
anterior triangle, sternocleidomastoid, and posterior triange
masseter, temporalis, medial pterygoid, and lateral pterygoid
trigeminal nerve
lower border of zygomatic arch
triangles of the neck
anterior triangle, sternocleidomastoid, and posterior triange
muscles of mastication
masseter, temporalis, medial pterygoid, and lateral pterygoid
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Blood
Albumin
Hemoglobin
7.35-7.45
5 million
The plasma protein that contributes to the osmotic pressure o…
The iron-containing protein found in RBCs that transport the…
Normal pH of blood
Normal number of erythrocytes in a cubic millimeter of blood
Albumin
The plasma protein that contributes to the osmotic pressure o…
Hemoglobin
The iron-containing protein found in RBCs that transport the…
113 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Muscle ___-___ % of body weight:
Functions of muscular tissue:
Excitability:
Contractility:
40-50%
-Create motion... -Stabilize body positions and maintain posture…
Can respond to stimulus (like nerves)
Can shorten in length
Muscle ___-___ % of body weight:
40-50%
Functions of muscular tissue:
-Create motion... -Stabilize body positions and maintain posture…
422 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
32 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 10 review
cerebellum
myoneural
astrocytes
hypothalamus
part of the brain responsible for coordinating movements and…
pertaining to the muscle cells and nerves
glial cells
part of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, water ba…
cerebellum
part of the brain responsible for coordinating movements and…
myoneural
pertaining to the muscle cells and nerves
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Striated, multinucleated, voluntary
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Properties of muscle tissue
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
8 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Endocrine gland
Hormone
Hypersecretion
Hyposecretion
A ductless gland whose secretions diffuse into the blood for…
A chemical messenger secreted by an endocrine gland
Production of an excessive amount of a secretion
Production of an insufficient amount of secretion
Endocrine gland
A ductless gland whose secretions diffuse into the blood for…
Hormone
A chemical messenger secreted by an endocrine gland
102 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10: Muscles
The main functions of the muscular sys…
5 properties or characteristics of mus…
Why is skeletal muscle an organ?
Order of structures from large to smal…
1. Movement... 2. Heat Production/Temperature Regulation... 3. Prot…
1. Excitability... 2. Conductibility... 3. Contractibility ... 4. Exte…
It has multiple tissues. ... 1. Connective tissue... 2. Nervous tis…
Whole muscle, fascicle, fiber, myofibril, sarcomere
The main functions of the muscular sys…
1. Movement... 2. Heat Production/Temperature Regulation... 3. Prot…
5 properties or characteristics of mus…
1. Excitability... 2. Conductibility... 3. Contractibility ... 4. Exte…
68 terms
Liver anatomy and physiology Chapter 10
Spleen
Kidney cortex
Pancreas
Fundus of stomach
The ______________ is about the same or slightly less echogen…
The ______________ is isoechoic to slightly hyperechoic to li…
The ______________ is the same or slightly more echogenic tha…
The _______________ is posterior and lateral to the left lobe…
Spleen
The ______________ is about the same or slightly less echogen…
Kidney cortex
The ______________ is isoechoic to slightly hyperechoic to li…
Human Anatomy & Physiology-Chapter 10
Neurons
Dendrites
Axons
Nerves
Nerve Cell
Process Of A Neuron That Recieves Input From Other Neurons
A Nerve Fiber; Conducts A Nerve Impulse Away From A Neuron Ce…
Bundle Of Nerve Fibers
Neurons
Nerve Cell
Dendrites
Process Of A Neuron That Recieves Input From Other Neurons
24 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10
Skeletal Muscles
Prime Movers
Antagonists
Synergists
Work together or in opposition and only pull, never push. As…
Provide the major force for producing a specific movement.
Oppose or reverse a particular movement.
Add force to a movement and reduce undesirable or unnecessary…
Skeletal Muscles
Work together or in opposition and only pull, never push. As…
Prime Movers
Provide the major force for producing a specific movement.
87 terms
Anatomy & Physiology | Chapter 10
Skeletal muscle tissue
Cardiac muscle tissue
Smooth muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle functions (5)
responsible for voluntary movement... -voluntary (conscious cont…
-only in the heart... -involuntary
-in the walls of hollow organs e.g; stomach, urinary bladder…
-Body movement: integrated function of bones, muscles, and jo…
Skeletal muscle tissue
responsible for voluntary movement... -voluntary (conscious cont…
Cardiac muscle tissue
-only in the heart... -involuntary
120 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
What is a muscle fascicle?
What is the epimysium connected to?
What is the epimysium?
What is the perimysium?
A bundle of muscle fibers
The deep fascia
A dense layer of collagen fibers that surrounds the entire mu…
Divides skeletal muscle into fascicles
What is a muscle fascicle?
A bundle of muscle fibers
What is the epimysium connected to?
The deep fascia
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10.
Actin
Aponeurosis
Perimysium
Endomysium
the protein component of microfilaments that forms thin filam…
Proud tendinous sheets that may serve as the origin or insert…
A connective tissue partition that separates adjacent fascicu…
A delicate network of connective tissue fibers that surrounds…
Actin
the protein component of microfilaments that forms thin filam…
Aponeurosis
Proud tendinous sheets that may serve as the origin or insert…
424 terms
EE 13: Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10 terms
Adrenal cortex
Adrenal cortex
Adrenal medulla
Adrenal medulla
Outer layer of the adrenal glan
Produces and secretes 3 groups of hormones. Mineralcorticoids…
Middle - innermost part of the adrenal gland
Produces and secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine
Adrenal cortex
Outer layer of the adrenal glan
Adrenal cortex
Produces and secretes 3 groups of hormones. Mineralcorticoids…
28 terms
Campbell Essential Biology with Physiology Chapter 10
nucleotide
sugar-phosphate backbone
DNA
RNA
The sub-unit of nucleic acids (DNA, RNA) consisting of a suga…
A repeating pattern of sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphate that l…
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid- Bases: thymine (T), cytosine (C), aden…
Ribonucleic Acid- uracil (U), cytosine (C), adenine (A), guan…
nucleotide
The sub-unit of nucleic acids (DNA, RNA) consisting of a suga…
sugar-phosphate backbone
A repeating pattern of sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphate that l…
86 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
The nervous system is the body's what?
The nervous system is grouped into wha…
What is the CNS?
The CNS consists of what?
control center and communication network
PNS and CNS
The control center for the whole system
Brain and Spinal cord
The nervous system is the body's what?
control center and communication network
The nervous system is grouped into wha…
PNS and CNS
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
areas of compression
areas of refraction
promontory
change in energy in transduction
air particles clumped together
air particles apart
space between the oval and round windows
acoustic energy-->mechanical energy-->hydraulic energy-->elec…
areas of compression
air particles clumped together
areas of refraction
air particles apart
24 terms
Anatomy & physiology (Chapter 10)
Isotonic
Myosin; actin
Acetylcholine
Both
This type of muscle contraction shortens the skeletal muscle…
During rigor Mortis muscles are stuff due to the lack of ATP…
The neurotransmitter release from the axon to stimulate the m…
Regarding fast oxidative and slow oxidative fibers, most musc…
Isotonic
This type of muscle contraction shortens the skeletal muscle…
Myosin; actin
During rigor Mortis muscles are stuff due to the lack of ATP…
38 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10 review
Exocrine glands and organs
Hormones
Steroids
Steroids
Produce secretions that must exit that gland through a duct
Chemical messengers released by endocrine glands
Power hormone can bind to sites inside cell
Lipid molecules can pass easily through cell membrane
Exocrine glands and organs
Produce secretions that must exit that gland through a duct
Hormones
Chemical messengers released by endocrine glands
70 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
blood
formed elements
plasma
erythrocytes
transports everything that must be carried from one place to…
living blood cells
nonliving fluid matrix in the blood; approximately 90 percent…
red blood cells; account for about 45 percent of the total vo…
blood
transports everything that must be carried from one place to…
formed elements
living blood cells
Chapter 10 Anatomy and Physiology
functions of muscles
endomysium
myology
perimysium
movement, stability, control of body openings and passages, h…
thin sleeve of loose connective tissue that surrounds each mu…
the study of the muscular system
a thicker connective tissue sheath that wraps muscle fibers t…
functions of muscles
movement, stability, control of body openings and passages, h…
endomysium
thin sleeve of loose connective tissue that surrounds each mu…
47 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 10
Prime movers
Antagonist
Another name for prime movers
Synergists
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Muscles that oppose or reverse
Agonists
Help prime movers by adding force to a movement and reducing…
Prime movers
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Antagonist
Muscles that oppose or reverse
77 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 10
Mechanical, thermal, electromagnetic,…
Visceral sensations
Touch sense
Tactile sense
General types of stimuli.
Miscellaneous category of interior body sensations. They are…
Type of sense that is broken down into tactile and pressure.…
Send Seshan of something in contact with the surface of the b…
Mechanical, thermal, electromagnetic,…
General types of stimuli.
Visceral sensations
Miscellaneous category of interior body sensations. They are…
88 terms
Chapter 10 Anatomy and Physiology
Skeletal Muscle Tissue, Connective Tis…
Origin
Insertion
Belly
___ ___ ___ and ___ ___ make up individual muscles
attachment of the muscle tendon to a stationary bone
attachment of the muscle tendon to a moveable bone
portion of the muscle between tendons of origin and insertion
Skeletal Muscle Tissue, Connective Tis…
___ ___ ___ and ___ ___ make up individual muscles
Origin
attachment of the muscle tendon to a stationary bone
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Classification of sensory receptors
Mechanoreceptors
Thermoreceptors
Photoreceptors
1) Mechanoreceptors... 2) Thermoreceptors... 3) Photoreceptors... 4) C…
Associated w/ touch and pressure
Associated w/ temperature
Associated w/ light
Classification of sensory receptors
1) Mechanoreceptors... 2) Thermoreceptors... 3) Photoreceptors... 4) C…
Mechanoreceptors
Associated w/ touch and pressure
96 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Arrangement of the elements is fulcrum…
Humerus -- ulna joint.... a) Second-cl…
Tibia -- calcaneus joint.... a) Second…
Humerus -- metacarpal joint.... a) Sec…
a) Second-class lever
b) Third-class lever... Arrangement of the elements is ... load…
a) Second-class lever... Arrangement of the elements is fulcr…
c) First-class lever... Arrangement of the elements is ... load…
Arrangement of the elements is fulcrum…
a) Second-class lever
Humerus -- ulna joint.... a) Second-cl…
b) Third-class lever... Arrangement of the elements is ... load…
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle
Orbicularis oculi... O: Frontal bone... I: T…
Frontalis ... O: Epicranial aponeurosis... I…
Occipitalis ... O: Occipital bone ... I: Epi…
Zygomaticus ... O: Zygomatic bone... I: Skin…
Orbicularis oculi... O: Frontal bone... I: T…
Frontalis ... O: Epicranial aponeurosis... I…
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10
4 functional groups of muscles
Prime mover
Agonist
Antagonists
1. Prime mover... 2. Antagonists ... 3. Synergists ... 4. Fixators
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Prime mover
Oppose or revere a particular movement
4 functional groups of muscles
1. Prime mover... 2. Antagonists ... 3. Synergists ... 4. Fixators
Prime mover
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
26 terms
anatomy and physiology: chapter 10
formed elements
plasma
buffy coat
hematocrit
cellular portion of blood
a non living fluid matrix
thin, whitish layer locate at the junction between the former…
erythrocytes normally account for about 45% of the total volu…
formed elements
cellular portion of blood
plasma
a non living fluid matrix
52 terms
Chapter 10 - Campbell Essential Biology with Physiology
molecular biology
nucleotide
polynucleotide
sugar-phosphate backbone
the study of life at the level of molecules
long chains of chemical units inside of nucleic acids
A diagram of a nucleotide polymer
A repeating pattern of sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphat
molecular biology
the study of life at the level of molecules
nucleotide
long chains of chemical units inside of nucleic acids
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Striated, multinucleated, voluntary
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Properties of muscle tissue
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
234 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 10
muscle tissue
a
b
b
composed of specialized cells that are able to contract
skeletal muscles are:... a. voluntary... b. involuntary
cardiac muscles are:... a. voluntary... b. involuntary
smooth muscles are:... a. voluntary... b. involuntary
muscle tissue
composed of specialized cells that are able to contract
a
skeletal muscles are:... a. voluntary... b. involuntary
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 10: Senses
Senses
Sensory receptors
General senses
Special senses
help the body maintain homeostasis by providing information
are the portals that link our nervous systems to environmenta…
-Receptors that are widely distributed throughout the body... -S…
-Specialized receptors confined to structures in the head ... -E…
Senses
help the body maintain homeostasis by providing information
Sensory receptors
are the portals that link our nervous systems to environmenta…
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Striated, multinucleated, voluntary
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Properties of muscle tissue
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
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