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Study sets matching "biology anatomy physiology chapter 3"

587 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
about 200
cell division
cytology
plasma membrane
how many different types of cells are there?
the process of a cell arising from an ... existing cell
the study of cellular structure and ... function
the cell's flexible outer surface
about 200
how many different types of cells are there?
cell division
the process of a cell arising from an ... existing cell
123 terms
Chapter 3: Anatomy and Physiology
Cell
Cell Theory
Cytology
Plasma (Cell) membrane
the smallest living unit in the human body
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
The study of cells
The outer boundary of a cell.
Cell
the smallest living unit in the human body
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
48 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 3
Cell
Plasma membrane
Plasma membrane parts
Cytoplasm
Basic functional unit of all living things.
forms outer boundary of a cell. Separates extracellular fluid…
Contains phospholipids: hydrophilic heads, and hydrophobic ta…
Composed of a gel like fluid called cytosol, surrounding all…
Cell
Basic functional unit of all living things.
Plasma membrane
forms outer boundary of a cell. Separates extracellular fluid…
123 terms
Chapter 3: Anatomy and Physiology
Cell
Cell Theory
Cytology
Plasma (Cell) membrane
the smallest living unit in the human body
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
The study of cells
The outer boundary of a cell.
Cell
the smallest living unit in the human body
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
36 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 3: Cells
CELL MEMBRANE (PLASMA MEMBRANE)
NUCLEUS
CYTOPLASM
ORGANELLES
ENCLOSES THE CELL. REGULATES MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES IN AND OU…
HOUSES THE GENETIC MATERIAL & CONTROLS CELLULAR ACTIVITIES
FILL OUT THE CELLS FLUID AREA
SPECIALIZED STRUCTURES INSIDE THE CELL
CELL MEMBRANE (PLASMA MEMBRANE)
ENCLOSES THE CELL. REGULATES MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES IN AND OU…
NUCLEUS
HOUSES THE GENETIC MATERIAL & CONTROLS CELLULAR ACTIVITIES
917 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 3
What are the different concepts in the…
What are the two types of cells in the…
Plasma membrane/Cell membrane
What are the functions of the cell mem…
Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... Cell…
Sex cells & Somatic cells
The outer boundary of the cell
PHYSICAL ISOLATION - Physical barrier that separates the insi…
What are the different concepts in the…
Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... Cell…
What are the two types of cells in the…
Sex cells & Somatic cells
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Cells
Electrolytes
Generalized cell
Nucleus
Building block of all living things
Metals carrying an electrical charge
Typical structures and functions common to all cells
Control center of the cell
Cells
Building block of all living things
Electrolytes
Metals carrying an electrical charge
30 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 3
SIZE AND SHAPE OF CELLS
CELLS ARE MADE OF
FORMS OUTER BOUNDARY, COMPOSED OF A TH…
2 TINY SUBUNITS OF RIBOSOMAL RNA, MAY…
VARY IN SIZE AND SHAPE & ARE MICROSCOPIC
CYTOPLASM, ORGANELLES, SURROUNDED BY PLASMA MEMBRANE
PLASMA MEMBRANE OF A CELL
RIBOSOMES
SIZE AND SHAPE OF CELLS
VARY IN SIZE AND SHAPE & ARE MICROSCOPIC
CELLS ARE MADE OF
CYTOPLASM, ORGANELLES, SURROUNDED BY PLASMA MEMBRANE
93 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 3
What are the different concepts in the…
What are the two types of cells in the…
Plasma membrane/Cell membrane
What are the functions of the cell mem…
Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... Cell…
Sex cells & Somatic cells
The outer boundary of the cell
PHYSICAL ISOLATION - Physical barrier that separates the insi…
What are the different concepts in the…
Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... Cell…
What are the two types of cells in the…
Sex cells & Somatic cells
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Foundations Chapter 3
Integumentary system
Skin is made of 2 layers
Epidermis
Dermis
Is composed of the skin, hair, nails and cutaneous glands
Epidermis and Dermis
The skins most superficial layer composed of stratified squam…
Deep to the epidermis is the dermis which is composed of loos…
Integumentary system
Is composed of the skin, hair, nails and cutaneous glands
Skin is made of 2 layers
Epidermis and Dermis
917 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 3
What are the different concepts in the…
What are the two types of cells in the…
Plasma membrane/Cell membrane
What are the functions of the cell mem…
Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... Cell…
Sex cells & Somatic cells
The outer boundary of the cell
PHYSICAL ISOLATION - Physical barrier that separates the insi…
What are the different concepts in the…
Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... Cell…
What are the two types of cells in the…
Sex cells & Somatic cells
73 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 3
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Rough E.R
Smooth E.R
- site for protein synthesis... - attached to other organelles o…
- carries substances from point A to point B... - located in the…
- make proteins and prepare them for transport... - located arou…
- assist in lipid metabolism and detoxification... - located in…
Ribosomes
- site for protein synthesis... - attached to other organelles o…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
- carries substances from point A to point B... - located in the…
68 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3
cell membrane
passive transport
types of passive transport
diffusion
allows movement into and out of the cell ... -semi permeable mem…
-no input of cellular energy... -does not require ATP... -moves sub…
diffusion, osmosis, facilitated diffusion, filtration
movement of solute from an area of high concentration to an a…
cell membrane
allows movement into and out of the cell ... -semi permeable mem…
passive transport
-no input of cellular energy... -does not require ATP... -moves sub…
95 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 3
Cells
Cell Theory
Generalized Cell
Nucleus
the structural units of all living things
1. The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of li…
demonstrates the typical features of cells
the control center of the cell; contains genetic information…
Cells
the structural units of all living things
Cell Theory
1. The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of li…
100 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy/Physiology
Plasma Membrane... (Phospholipid Bilayer)
Integral Proteins
Peripheral Proteins
Anchoring Proteins
Lipid bilayer containing phospholipids, steroids, proteins, a…
Part of the plasma membrane structure that cannot be easily s…
Bound to the inner or outer surface of the membrane and are e…
Attach the plasma membrane to other structures and stabilize…
Plasma Membrane... (Phospholipid Bilayer)
Lipid bilayer containing phospholipids, steroids, proteins, a…
Integral Proteins
Part of the plasma membrane structure that cannot be easily s…
111 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleoli
Chromatin
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
Nucleus contains one or more... Sites of ribosome assembly... Ribos…
Composed of DNA and protein... Present when the cell is not divi…
Nucleus
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Nuclear Envelope
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
15 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY - CHAPTER 3
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
nucleolus
extremely thin, selective permeable, contain double layer of…
contain clean liquid called cytosol, a supportive cytoskeleto…
bounded by a double layered nuclear membrane, contains large…
find inside the nucleus, made of RNA and proteins
cell membrane
extremely thin, selective permeable, contain double layer of…
cytoplasm
contain clean liquid called cytosol, a supportive cytoskeleto…
63 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3 Biology Vocabulary
Composite cell
Cell membrane
Selectively permeable
Cell membrane structure
Any one of a collection of different types of cells that all…
Semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell
A type of biological or synthetic polymeric membrane that wil…
Any one of a collection of different types of cells that all…
Composite cell
Any one of a collection of different types of cells that all…
Cell membrane
Semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell
109 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Cell Membrane
Phospholipid Bilayer
What type of cell do not have a defined nucleus?
What type of cell has a defined nucleus?
What is made up of a phospholipid bilayer, proteins, and chol…
What is labeled with the ?
Prokaryote
What type of cell do not have a defined nucleus?
Eukaryote
What type of cell has a defined nucleus?
83 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3
Elements
Molecule
Atom
Protons
Makes up all matter, is the smallest unit that retains the un…
Made of two or more elements joined together.
Is the smallest recognizable unit of an element.
Inside of the nucleus contains positively charged particles c…
Elements
Makes up all matter, is the smallest unit that retains the un…
Molecule
Made of two or more elements joined together.
123 terms
Chapter 3: Anatomy and Physiology
Cell
Cell Theory
Cytology
Plasma (Cell) membrane
the smallest living unit in the human body
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
The study of cells
The outer boundary of a cell.
Cell
the smallest living unit in the human body
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 3
Skeletal Muscles
Cardiac Muscle
Gluteus Maximus
Masseter
voluntary muscles
heart
largest muscle (buttocks)
strongest muscle (mouth)
Skeletal Muscles
voluntary muscles
Cardiac Muscle
heart
51 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3: Biology & Genetics
Functions of the cell
Glycocalyx
Membrane lipids
Cholesterol
Cell metabolism & energy use, synthesis of molecules, communi…
combos of carbohydrates & lipids (glycolipids) & proteins (gl…
Phospholipids & cholesterol predominate membrane
interspersed among phospholipids; amount determines fluid nat…
Functions of the cell
Cell metabolism & energy use, synthesis of molecules, communi…
Glycocalyx
combos of carbohydrates & lipids (glycolipids) & proteins (gl…
35 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Chapter 3
The Cell Theory
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Phospholipid bilayer
1) Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals.... 2…
General term for the material located between the plasma memb…
The fluid component of the cytoplasm; sometimes called intrac…
A two-layered arrangement of phosphate and lipid molecules th…
The Cell Theory
1) Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals.... 2…
Cytoplasm
General term for the material located between the plasma memb…
57 terms
Anatomy+Physiology Chapter 3
nucleus
nuclear envelope
nucleolus
chromatin
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
porous double membrane that is selectively permeable and has…
site of ribosomal production
DNA/protein for genetic material... -coiled ______ make up chrom…
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
nuclear envelope
porous double membrane that is selectively permeable and has…
43 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3
Lysosomes
Lysosomes
Peroxisomes
Plasma Membrane
Membranous sac produced by the golgi apparatus
Organelle that contains digestive enzymes needed for intracel…
Contain enzymes that aid in detoxifying of drugs and toxins.
Selectively permeable barrier that regulates the passage of m…
Lysosomes
Membranous sac produced by the golgi apparatus
Lysosomes
Organelle that contains digestive enzymes needed for intracel…
587 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
about 200
cell division
cytology
plasma membrane
how many different types of cells are there?
the process of a cell arising from an ... existing cell
the study of cellular structure and ... function
the cell's flexible outer surface
about 200
how many different types of cells are there?
cell division
the process of a cell arising from an ... existing cell
91 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy and Physiology Review - Chambers
What are cells?
What are the 3 main parts of a cell?
What is the plasma membrane?
What is the function of the plasma mem…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
1. cell membrane... 2. cytoplasm... 3. nucleus
It forms the cell's flexible outer surface that surrounds and…
It separates the cell's interior environment from the exterio…
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What are the 3 main parts of a cell?
1. cell membrane... 2. cytoplasm... 3. nucleus
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Organelle
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Cytoplasm
Structure that carries out a specific job in a cell.
Cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane bound org…
Cell that has a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles.
Jellylike substance inside cells.
Organelle
Structure that carries out a specific job in a cell.
Prokaryote
Cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane bound org…
33 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 3
Define cell.
List the three major regions of of a g…
Describe the chemical composition of p…
Compare the structure and function of…
The basic structural and functional unit of life.
1. Plasma membrane- double layer of lipid molecules where pro…
-2 layers of phospholipids (glycolipids and cholesterol)... -Tai…
1. Tight junction- impermeable, prevent molecules form passin…
Define cell.
The basic structural and functional unit of life.
List the three major regions of of a g…
1. Plasma membrane- double layer of lipid molecules where pro…
69 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 3
The sodium level inside and outside of…
As a runner sprints down a track, her…
Three molecules that are important ene…
Which is a form of energy that is gene…
potential energy of a concentration gradient, since sodium is…
mechanical energy.
ATP, glycogen, and triglyceride.
Heat
The sodium level inside and outside of…
potential energy of a concentration gradient, since sodium is…
As a runner sprints down a track, her…
mechanical energy.
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I Chapter 3 cell/biology review
Typical cell is _______
Cell Theory
Cell cooperation
Differentiation
smallest living unit in the body
1. Cells are building blocks of all plants and animals... 2. All…
Each cell maintains homeostasis at its cellular level
Process of becoming a specialized cell
Typical cell is _______
smallest living unit in the body
Cell Theory
1. Cells are building blocks of all plants and animals... 2. All…
108 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
Forms the cell's flexible outer surface, separating the inter…
Consists of all the cellular contents between the plasma memb…
The fluid portion of cytoplasm, Intracellular fluid. Contains…
A large organelle that houses most of a cell's DNA
Plasma Membrane
Forms the cell's flexible outer surface, separating the inter…
Cytoplasm
Consists of all the cellular contents between the plasma memb…
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Adipose Tissue
Cartilage
Chondrocyte
Connective Tissue
One of the main type of connective tissues
firm flexible connective tissue
...
tissue that connects, supports, binds, or separates other tis…
Adipose Tissue
One of the main type of connective tissues
Cartilage
firm flexible connective tissue
42 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3
Tri
Cyt
Trans
Squam
three
cell
through, across
scale
Tri
three
Cyt
cell
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - chapter 3
plasma membrane
nucleus
organelle
intracellular
forms the outer boundary of the cell, through which the cell…
directs cell activities, most of which take place in the cyto…
specialized structure that performs a specific function
substances inside the cell
plasma membrane
forms the outer boundary of the cell, through which the cell…
nucleus
directs cell activities, most of which take place in the cyto…
46 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Which of the following statements best…
Which item below is NOT a function per…
In which stage of mitosis do the chrom…
Lysosomes perform which of the followi…
A lipid bi-layer with protein molecules dispersed within it
Synthesis of proteins
Metaphase
Intracellular digestion
Which of the following statements best…
A lipid bi-layer with protein molecules dispersed within it
Which item below is NOT a function per…
Synthesis of proteins
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
nucleus
nuclear envelope/membrane
nucleoli
chromatin
control center of the cell
double membrane around the nucleus
site in the nucleus where ribosomes are assembled
DNA within the cell, in the form of bumpy threads
nucleus
control center of the cell
nuclear envelope/membrane
double membrane around the nucleus
58 terms
Chapter 3: Anatomy & Physiology
Goals of Respiration
Types of Inspiration
Types of Expiration
Passive Expiration
Oxygenation of blood... Eliminate carbon dioxide and waste produ…
Quiet... Active
Passive... Active
Resting state... Forces of elasticity & gravity
Goals of Respiration
Oxygenation of blood... Eliminate carbon dioxide and waste produ…
Types of Inspiration
Quiet... Active
46 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3
Squamous
Cuboidal
Columnar
Polygonal
A thin, flat, scaly shape often with a bulge where the nucleu…
Squarish-looking in frontal tissue sections and about equal i…
Distinctly taller than wide, such as the inner lining cells o…
Having irregularly angular shapes with four, five or more sid…
Squamous
A thin, flat, scaly shape often with a bulge where the nucleu…
Cuboidal
Squarish-looking in frontal tissue sections and about equal i…
45 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3
Cell Theory
Generalized Cell
Plasma membrane
Interstitial Fluid (IF)
Structural and functional unit of life
Plasma membrane- flexible outer boundary... Cytoplasm- intracell…
Lipid bilayer and proteins in constantly changing fluid mosai…
ECF that surrounds the cell
Cell Theory
Structural and functional unit of life
Generalized Cell
Plasma membrane- flexible outer boundary... Cytoplasm- intracell…
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch 3 Aloor
Cell
cells in the human body
Differentiation
differentiation
the basic organizational structure of the human body
50-100 Trillion Cells
when cells specialize
Cells very in size and shape due to their unique function
Cell
the basic organizational structure of the human body
cells in the human body
50-100 Trillion Cells
51 terms
Anatomy and Physiology CH 3 notes
1.) Building blocks of all plants and…
Cytology
Sex or germ cells and Somatic cells
Sex or germ cells
Cell Theory... What are the Five Characteristics of cells?
Study of cell structure and function
What are the two basic classes of cells?
reproductive cells, either oocytes or sperm
1.) Building blocks of all plants and…
Cell Theory... What are the Five Characteristics of cells?
Cytology
Study of cell structure and function
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
passive expiration
active expiration
spirometer
ventilation
after inhalation, restores system to resting positon
we use muscular effort to push just a little farther after in…
how respirator flow, volumes and capacities are measured
first stage in gas exchange, the actual movement of airing th…
passive expiration
after inhalation, restores system to resting positon
active expiration
we use muscular effort to push just a little farther after in…
91 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
components of a cell
plasma membrane
glycocalyx
major lipids that make up the plasma m…
plasma membrane, cytoplasm containing organelles, nucleus
separation of intracellular and extracellular materials which…
characteristic of a plasma membrane meaning that the outer su…
phospholipids and cholesterol
components of a cell
plasma membrane, cytoplasm containing organelles, nucleus
plasma membrane
separation of intracellular and extracellular materials which…
40 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3
Plasma membrane (Cell membrane)
Phospholipids
Proteins
Cholesterol
separates internal ? from the environment... -a normal cell memb…
made up of glycerol, 2 fatty acids, and a phosphate group.... -w…
embedded in the phospholipid; transport across the membrane.…
controls the viscosity of the membrane; minor component.... -sma…
Plasma membrane (Cell membrane)
separates internal ? from the environment... -a normal cell memb…
Phospholipids
made up of glycerol, 2 fatty acids, and a phosphate group.... -w…
38 terms
Essentials Of Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3(Epithelial)
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Nervous tissue
Muscle tissue
Tissue that covers outside of the body and lines organs and c…
A body tissue that provides support for the body and connects…
A body tissue that carries electrical messages back and forth…
A body tissue that contracts, or shortens, making body parts…
Epithelial tissue
Tissue that covers outside of the body and lines organs and c…
Connective tissue
A body tissue that provides support for the body and connects…
587 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
how many different types of cells are…
the process of a cell arising from an…
the study of cellular structure and ... f…
the cell's flexible outer surface
about 200
cell division
cytology
plasma membrane
how many different types of cells are…
about 200
the process of a cell arising from an…
cell division
274 terms
Chapter 3: Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
Histology
The study of organs and systems of the body.
The study of the functions of organs and systems .
The study of structures that can be seen with the naked eye.
The study of structures too small to be seen except through a…
Anatomy
The study of organs and systems of the body.
Physiology
The study of the functions of organs and systems .
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
cells
differntiation
cytoplasm, nucleus, cell membrane and…
ukeryotes
the basic organizational structure of the human body, are abo…
when cells specialize, cells vary in size and shape due to th…
major parts of the cell
humans, plants, fungi
cells
the basic organizational structure of the human body, are abo…
differntiation
when cells specialize, cells vary in size and shape due to th…
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