Study sets matching "biology anatomy physiology chapter 9"

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Study sets matching "biology anatomy physiology chapter 9"

114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
arthrosis
arthrology
kinesiology
the presence or absence of a space bet…
a point of contact between two bones, between bone and cartil…
the scientific study of joints
the study of motion of the human body
Joints are classified structurally based on what two factors?
arthrosis
a point of contact between two bones, between bone and cartil…
arthrology
the scientific study of joints
52 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
Joint
Joints can be classified
JOINT:... Structurally
JOINT:... Functionally
Pint of contact between two or more bones, cartilage and bone…
Structurally and Functionally
-Presence/absence of joint cavity... -Type of connective tissue…
-Degree go movement permitted
Joint
Pint of contact between two or more bones, cartilage and bone…
Joints can be classified
Structurally and Functionally
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9 Muscles
Three types of muscle tissues
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
Smooth muscle
-skeletal muscle... -cardiac muscle... -smooth muscle
-usually attached to bone... -voluntary... -somatic... -striated
-wall of heart... -involuntary... -autonomic... -striated
-walls of most viscera, blood vessels and skin... -autonomic... -no…
Three types of muscle tissues
-skeletal muscle... -cardiac muscle... -smooth muscle
Skeletal muscle
-usually attached to bone... -voluntary... -somatic... -striated
108 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 9
what is a joint
what is arthrology
what is kinesiology
what is biomechanics
also an articulation, any point where two bones meet, mobile…
science of joint structure, function, and dysfunction
study of musculoskeletal movement
deals with a broad variety of movements and mechanical proces…
what is a joint
also an articulation, any point where two bones meet, mobile…
what is arthrology
science of joint structure, function, and dysfunction
114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
arthrosis
arthrology
kinesiology
the presence or absence of a space bet…
a point of contact between two bones, between bone and cartil…
the scientific study of joints
the study of motion of the human body
Joints are classified structurally based on what two factors?
arthrosis
a point of contact between two bones, between bone and cartil…
arthrology
the scientific study of joints
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
Skeletal Muscular System
Fascia
Superficial Fascia
Epimysium
40% of body mass ... 650 muscles ... each muscle is an organ ... cells…
connective tissue covering over a part of or whole muscle
subcutaneous layer and adipose layer
around whole muscle
Skeletal Muscular System
40% of body mass ... 650 muscles ... each muscle is an organ ... cells…
Fascia
connective tissue covering over a part of or whole muscle
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 9
2 Parts of the Nervous System
2 Parts of Central Nervous System
3 Parts of the Brain
Brainstem
Central Nervous System, Peripheral Nervous System
Brain, Spinal Cord
Cerebrum, Brainstem, Cerebellum
Connects the brain to the spinal cord
2 Parts of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System, Peripheral Nervous System
2 Parts of Central Nervous System
Brain, Spinal Cord
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
STRUCTURAL classification of joints
FUNCTIONAL classification of joints
FIBROUS joints
3 types of FIBROUS JOINTS
-fibrous joints... -cartilaginous joints... -synovial joints
-synarthrosis... -amphiarthrosis... -diarthrosis... (...osis = medical…
-lack synovial cavity ... -dense irregular connective tissue (ti…
1. sutures... 2. syndemosis... 3. interosseus membranes
STRUCTURAL classification of joints
-fibrous joints... -cartilaginous joints... -synovial joints
FUNCTIONAL classification of joints
-synarthrosis... -amphiarthrosis... -diarthrosis... (...osis = medical…
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 9
Epimysium
Perimysium
Endomysium
Action potential
Connective tissue that surrounds the entire muscle
The connective tissue that surrounds fascicles
Connective tissue surrounding individual muscle fibers
A neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
Epimysium
Connective tissue that surrounds the entire muscle
Perimysium
The connective tissue that surrounds fascicles
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
FIBROUS joints
3 types of FIBROUS JOINTS
Suture
Syndemosis
-lack synovial cavity ... -dense irregular connective tissue (ti…
1. sutures... 2. syndemosis... 3. interosseus membranes
-thin layer of dense irregular CT... -found in skull... -complete f…
-band of dense irregular CT... -greater distance between articul…
FIBROUS joints
-lack synovial cavity ... -dense irregular connective tissue (ti…
3 types of FIBROUS JOINTS
1. sutures... 2. syndemosis... 3. interosseus membranes
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 9
symphyses
types of articulation
classification according to movemnet
classification according to anatomy
articulating bones separated by a pad of fibrocartilage.... Exam…
joints may be classiffied in 2 ways: according to the degree…
immovable joints, slightly movable, freely movable.
bony, fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
symphyses
articulating bones separated by a pad of fibrocartilage.... Exam…
types of articulation
joints may be classiffied in 2 ways: according to the degree…
173 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 9
joint
arthrology
kinesiology
biomechanics
where two bones meet, articulation, acts as fulcrum
the science of joint structure, function, and dysfunction
the study of musculoskeletal movement
deals with a broad variety of movements and mechanical proces…
joint
where two bones meet, articulation, acts as fulcrum
arthrology
the science of joint structure, function, and dysfunction
85 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9 Joints
arthrology
fibrous joints
cartilaginous
Synovial
study of joints
dense regular connective tissue
cartilage being located at the joint
type of membrane located at this joint, cavity at the articul…
arthrology
study of joints
fibrous joints
dense regular connective tissue
139 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
Skeletal, Smooth, Cardiac
Skeletal
Smooth
Cardiac
What are the three types of muscle?
What type of muscle is this?
What type of muscle is this?
What type of muscle is this?
Skeletal, Smooth, Cardiac
What are the three types of muscle?
Skeletal
What type of muscle is this?
50 terms
Chapter 9 Anatomy Physiology
Flexion
Extension
Hyperextension
Abduction
Flexion
Extension
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
Accomendation
Chemoreceptor
Choroid coat
Cochlea
The focusing of light rays on the retina by the lens
A sensory receptor that is stimulated by certain chemicals
The middle layer of the eye ball
The coiled portion of the inner ear containing the receptors…
Accomendation
The focusing of light rays on the retina by the lens
Chemoreceptor
A sensory receptor that is stimulated by certain chemicals
21 terms
Chapter 9 Anatomy and Physiology
Sensory neurons
cerebrum
neurons
cerebellum
neurons that send information to your spinal cord and brain f…
the largest part of the brain where most of your conscious ac…
the most important cells in the nervous system. They received…
the "little brain" that controls your complex muscle movement…
Sensory neurons
neurons that send information to your spinal cord and brain f…
cerebrum
the largest part of the brain where most of your conscious ac…
61 terms
Chapter 9 Anatomy/Physiology
Muscle
Muscular System
Musculature
Skeletal Muscle
Structure that produces movement of the body
Provides movement for the body in conjunction with support fr…
Group of skeletal muscles in one body part or the muscles in…
One of three types of muscles int he body, but the only one t…
Muscle
Structure that produces movement of the body
Muscular System
Provides movement for the body in conjunction with support fr…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9 Review
Joint
Arthrology
Kinesiology
Structural classification
(articulation or arthrosis) is a point of contact between two…
The scientific study of joints
The scientific study of motion
based on the presence or absence of a synovial (joint) cavity…
Joint
(articulation or arthrosis) is a point of contact between two…
Arthrology
The scientific study of joints
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
Neurons
Neuroglia
Functions
Central Nervous System (CNS)
transmit nerve impulses along nerve fibers to other neurons,…
provide physical support, insulation and nutrients for neuron…
- Sensory Input: monitors all information about change occurr…
1. Brain and spinal cord... 2. Process sensory input... 3. Process…
Neurons
transmit nerve impulses along nerve fibers to other neurons,…
Neuroglia
provide physical support, insulation and nutrients for neuron…
65 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 9
Types and locations of epithelial tissue
Membranous epithelium tissue
Glandular epithelium tissue
Gland
epithelium is divided into two types... -membranous... -glandular e…
(covering or lining) epithelium... location: covers the body & s…
secretory units of endocrine & exocrine glands
1 or more cells that make and secrete a substance
Types and locations of epithelial tissue
epithelium is divided into two types... -membranous... -glandular e…
Membranous epithelium tissue
(covering or lining) epithelium... location: covers the body & s…
102 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 9: Muscles
Three types of muscle tissues
Skeletal muscle
somatic
Cardiac muscle
- skeletal muscle... - cardiac muscle... - smooth muscle
- usually attached to bone... - voluntary... - somatic ... - striated…
widely distributed
- wall of heart... - involuntary... - autonomic... - striated... - single…
Three types of muscle tissues
- skeletal muscle... - cardiac muscle... - smooth muscle
Skeletal muscle
- usually attached to bone... - voluntary... - somatic ... - striated…
70 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 9
Level of organization
types of muscle tissue
skeletal muscle:
skeletal muscle: attachment
atoms... molecules... organelle... smooth muscle cell... smooth muscle ti…
skeletal... smooth ... cardiovascular
-contracts rapidly but tires quickly... -in cross section each m…
attaches to and covers skin
Level of organization
atoms... molecules... organelle... smooth muscle cell... smooth muscle ti…
types of muscle tissue
skeletal... smooth ... cardiovascular
12 terms
Anatomy and physiology: Chapter 9
sarcoplasmic reticulum
aponeurosis
calcium is stored within this muscle structure
flat, sheetlike fascia that attaches muscle to muscle or musc…
sarcoplasmic reticulum
calcium is stored within this muscle structure
aponeurosis
flat, sheetlike fascia that attaches muscle to muscle or musc…
28 terms
Chapter 9 Anatomy & Physiology Vocabulary
1. Acetylcholine
2. Actin
3. Action potential
4. Axon
A neurotransmitter released by somatic motor neuron.... *Acetyl…
Actin has kidney-shaped polypeptide subunits called globular…
An action potential is the result of a predictable sequence o…
Axon divide a number of axon terminals and form neuromuscular…
1. Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter released by somatic motor neuron.... *Acetyl…
2. Actin
Actin has kidney-shaped polypeptide subunits called globular…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
What factors distinguish muscle tissue…
What are the three types of muscle cel…
What are skeletal muscles?
What are cardiac muscles?
1. ability to transform chemical energy to mechanical energy…
skeletal, cardiac, and smooth
1. organs that attach to and over the bony skeleton... 2. longes…
1. found only in the heart... 2. striated... 3. involuntary... 4. cont…
What factors distinguish muscle tissue…
1. ability to transform chemical energy to mechanical energy…
What are the three types of muscle cel…
skeletal, cardiac, and smooth
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 9
synarthrosis
amphiarthrosis
diarthrosis
synostisis
An immovable joint... (e.g. sutures)
A slightly movable joint
A freely movable joint... (e.g. synovial joints)
A joint formed by the fusion of two bones
synarthrosis
An immovable joint... (e.g. sutures)
amphiarthrosis
A slightly movable joint
52 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
audition
energy transducer
acoustic energy
electrochemical energy
-whole process of hearing ... -via part of verbal communication
converting/changing sound energy into a way our brain can pro…
-sound from the environment ... -from sound waves
auditory cortex process, what mechanical energy is changed to
audition
-whole process of hearing ... -via part of verbal communication
energy transducer
converting/changing sound energy into a way our brain can pro…
74 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 9
Joint (articulation).
Bony joint or synostosis
Fibrous joint or synarthrosis (synarth…
Sutures
Any point where two bones meet
An immobile joint formed when the gap between two bones ossif…
A point at which adjacent bones are bound by collagen fibers…
Immobile or only slightly mobile fibrous joints that closely…
Joint (articulation).
Any point where two bones meet
Bony joint or synostosis
An immobile joint formed when the gap between two bones ossif…
38 terms
chapter 9 anatomy and physiology
fascia
tendon
aponeuroses
organ
skeletal muscle is seperated from adjacent muscles and held i…
connective tissue surrounds each muscle and may project beyon…
connective tissue associated with a muscle form broad, fibrou…
skeletal muscle of the muscular system
fascia
skeletal muscle is seperated from adjacent muscles and held i…
tendon
connective tissue surrounds each muscle and may project beyon…
Anatomy and physiology chapter 9
Muscle function
Muscles makeup nearly
Striated
Muscle fibers
The ability to use ATP into mechanical energy movement
Half of the body mass
Striped / alternating dark and light bands
Elongated muscle cells, Skeletal and smooth muscle cells
Muscle function
The ability to use ATP into mechanical energy movement
Muscles makeup nearly
Half of the body mass
30 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Neuron
Nerve Impulse
Cell Body
Dendrite
A nerve cell.
The electrochemical process of depolarization and repolarizat…
Portion of nerve cell that includes a cytoplasmic mass and a…
Process of a neuron that receives input from other neurons.
Neuron
A nerve cell.
Nerve Impulse
The electrochemical process of depolarization and repolarizat…
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
skeletal muscle
smooth muscle
cardiac muscle
excitability
attached to bones with tendons, striated, voluntary control
sheets around hollow organs, non-striated, involuntary control
contracting tissue only found in the walls of the heart, stri…
ability for muscle tissue to receive and respond to nervous s…
skeletal muscle
attached to bones with tendons, striated, voluntary control
smooth muscle
sheets around hollow organs, non-striated, involuntary control
Chapter 9 - Anatomy and Physiology
Presynaptic
blood-brain barrier
Ependymal cell
Oligodendrocytes
At a synapse, the neuron that is sending the action potential
Astrocytes provide a protection of the brain called the ____
This lines the cavities of the brain in the CNS
Produces the myelin in the CNS
Presynaptic
At a synapse, the neuron that is sending the action potential
blood-brain barrier
Astrocytes provide a protection of the brain called the ____
52 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
audition
energy transducer
acoustic energy
electrochemical energy
-whole process of hearing ... -via part of verbal communication
converting/changing sound energy into a way our brain can pro…
-sound from the environment ... -from sound waves
auditory cortex process, what mechanical energy is changed to
audition
-whole process of hearing ... -via part of verbal communication
energy transducer
converting/changing sound energy into a way our brain can pro…
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 9
skeletal muscle
striated muscle
voluntary muscle
muscle fiber
attaches to bone
has cross stripes or striations
can be controlled voluntarily
fine threads of muscle cell
skeletal muscle
attaches to bone
striated muscle
has cross stripes or striations
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
joint (articulation)
arthrology
kinesiology
four major joint categories
movable
science of joint structure, function and dysfunction
the study of musculoskeletal movement
1) bony joints... 2) fibrous joints... 3) cartilaginous joints... 4) s…
joint (articulation)
movable
arthrology
science of joint structure, function and dysfunction
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 9
muscle fibers
myofilaments
striated muscle
smooth muscle
surrounded by endo, elongated mulitnucleate cell, striated
arrangement of actin to myosin with sarcomere
stripes on muscle
lines organs, no striations, involuntary
muscle fibers
surrounded by endo, elongated mulitnucleate cell, striated
myofilaments
arrangement of actin to myosin with sarcomere
Chapter 9 Anatomy and Physiology
arthrology
kinesiology
bony joint (synostosis)
fibrous joint (synarthrosis)
the science of joint structure, function, and dysfunction
the study of musculoskeletal movement
an immovable joint formed when the gap between two bones ossi…
a point at which adjacent bones are bound by collagen fibers…
arthrology
the science of joint structure, function, and dysfunction
kinesiology
the study of musculoskeletal movement
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 9
Articulation
Joint Structure
Functional Classification
Structural Classification
A joint where two bones connect where body movements occur.
Determines direction and distance of movement, i.e. range of…
Classification based on range of motion of the joint.
Classification that relies on anatomical organization of join…
Articulation
A joint where two bones connect where body movements occur.
Joint Structure
Determines direction and distance of movement, i.e. range of…
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Joint/articulation/arthrosis
Arthrology
Kinesiology
Fibrous joints
A point of contact between two bones, between bone and cartil…
The scientific study of joints
The study of motion of the human body
Bones are held together by dense irregular connective tissue…
Joint/articulation/arthrosis
A point of contact between two bones, between bone and cartil…
Arthrology
The scientific study of joints
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 9
Nervous system
Endocrine system
Central nervous system (CNS) periphera…
Three main activities of the nervous s…
System that uses chemicals to carry messages. Neurotransmitte…
System that uses chemicals to carry messages. Hormones secret…
Two main divisions of the nervous system.
Sensory, integrating, and motor
Nervous system
System that uses chemicals to carry messages. Neurotransmitte…
Endocrine system
System that uses chemicals to carry messages. Hormones secret…
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 9
3 sections of the ear
acoustic meatus (auditory canal)
auricle (pinna)
basilar membrane
outer, middle, and inner
outer: short curved tube filled with ceruminous glands (ear w…
outer: composed of helix made up of elastic cartilage and the…
inner: "floor" of the cochlear duct that supports the organ o…
3 sections of the ear
outer, middle, and inner
acoustic meatus (auditory canal)
outer: short curved tube filled with ceruminous glands (ear w…
Chapter 9 continued: Anatomy and Physiology
sliding filament model of contraction
skeletal muscle physiology
phase 1 stimulation of muscle fiber by…
phase 2 excitation - contraction coupl…
during contraction myosin heads of thick filaments attach to…
phase 1 - stimulation by a nerve ending... phase 2 - skeletal mu…
1. Action potential arrives at axon terminal at the neuro-mus…
1. Action potential travels across the whole sarcolemma, (end…
sliding filament model of contraction
during contraction myosin heads of thick filaments attach to…
skeletal muscle physiology
phase 1 - stimulation by a nerve ending... phase 2 - skeletal mu…
200 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 9: Nervous
Meninges
The three meninges
Poliomyelitis
Tetanus
-membrane located between the bony structures and the soft ti…
-dura mater ... -arachnoid mater... -pia mater
Polio in an infectious disease of the brain and spinal cord c…
commonly referred to a "lockjaw: it is an infection of nerve…
Meninges
-membrane located between the bony structures and the soft ti…
The three meninges
-dura mater ... -arachnoid mater... -pia mater
129 terms
NWACC Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 9
synarthrosis.
condylar
All of the answers are correct.
synarthrosis
An immovable joint is a(n)
The knuckle joint is classified as a ________ joint.
Which of these is one of the four major types of synarthrotic…
A suture is an example of a(n)... ... diarthrosis.... synarthrosis.... s…
synarthrosis.
An immovable joint is a(n)
condylar
The knuckle joint is classified as a ________ joint.
115 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
functions of muscular system
properties of muscles
contractility
excitability
movement of body... maintenance of posture... respiration... productio…
contractility... excitability... extensibility... elasticity
ability of a muscle to shorten with force
capacity of muscle to respond to a stimulus (from our nerves)
functions of muscular system
movement of body... maintenance of posture... respiration... productio…
properties of muscles
contractility... excitability... extensibility... elasticity
28 terms
Chapter 9 Anatomy & Physiology Vocabulary
Acetylcholine
Actin
Action potential
Axon
A neurotransmitter released by somatic motor neuron.... release…
has kidney-shaped polypeptide subunits called globular actin…
the result of a predictable sequence of electrical charges.…
divide a number of axon terminals and form neuromuscular junc…
Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter released by somatic motor neuron.... release…
Actin
has kidney-shaped polypeptide subunits called globular actin…
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
Accommodation
Chemoreceptor
Cochlear hair cells
Cones
The focusing of light rays on the retina by the lens
Sensory receptors stimulated by certain chemicals; monitor bo…
Sensory receptors used in hearing
Photoreceptors for color vision
Accommodation
The focusing of light rays on the retina by the lens
Chemoreceptor
Sensory receptors stimulated by certain chemicals; monitor bo…
62 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
Articulations
Joint structure
Joint strength ________ as mobility in…
Two Methods of Classification of Joints
Body movement occurs at joints (articulations) where two bone…
Determines direction and distance of movements (range of moti…
decreases
Functional and Structural
Articulations
Body movement occurs at joints (articulations) where two bone…
Joint structure
Determines direction and distance of movements (range of moti…
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