Study sets matching "biology anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "biology anatomy physiology"

PCAT BIOLOGY - human anatomy and physiology
Tissue
4 types of tissues
Epithelial (function and categories)
Nervous
Group of cells performing common function
Epithelial, nervous, muscles, connective
Function: covers the inside or outside of the body... Categories…
Carries out signal transmission
Tissue
Group of cells performing common function
4 types of tissues
Epithelial, nervous, muscles, connective
68 terms
PCAT Biology - Human Anatomy and Physiology
Types of tissues
Types of epithelial tissues
Cuboidal
Columnar
Epithelial, Nervous, Muscle and Connective
Cuboidal, Columnar, Squamous
square cells
cells taller than they are wide
Types of tissues
Epithelial, Nervous, Muscle and Connective
Types of epithelial tissues
Cuboidal, Columnar, Squamous
141 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Liver
Gall Bladder
Pancreas
Spleen
Produces Bile, RUQ
Stores Bile, RUQ
Produces Insulin, LUQ
Vascular Organ in the LUQ, First line of defense in infection
Liver
Produces Bile, RUQ
Gall Bladder
Stores Bile, RUQ
106 terms
Biology I Anatomy & Physiology Lab: Nerves
cell body
axon hillock
axolemma
schwann cell
name this structure
Name the region highlight in the white triangle
name this layer
Name the cell
cell body
name this structure
axon hillock
Name the region highlight in the white triangle
IB Biology HL Anatomy and Physiology Review Guide
Amylase
Protease
Lipase
Salivary Amylase
Salivary Amylase
Pepsin
Pancreas
Source: Salivary Glands... Substrate: Starch... Products: Maltose... O…
Amylase
Salivary Amylase
Protease
Pepsin
33 terms
Biology 2401: Anatomy & Physiology (Unit 1 Lectures)
Membrane Potential
Resting membrane potential
Water-soluble (chemicals)
Lipid-soluable (chemicals)
Difference in electrical charge across a plasma membrane. Mea…
-70 mV; Higher concentration of Na+ outside; Higher concentra…
Amino-acid based hormones; neurotransmitters.
Steroid hormones derived from cholesterol.
Membrane Potential
Difference in electrical charge across a plasma membrane. Mea…
Resting membrane potential
-70 mV; Higher concentration of Na+ outside; Higher concentra…
14 terms
Biology 108: Anatomy & Physiology Lab Practical 2
Name and location of cranial sutures
Name and location of cranial bones
Olfactory Nerve
Optic Nerve
Foramen: Cribriform Plate... Sensory nerve: Smell
Foramen: Optic cannal ... Sensory nerve: Vision
Name and location of cranial sutures
Name and location of cranial bones
28 terms
Biology Exam 3 - Anatomy and Physiology
Mouth
Amylase
Pharynx
Esophagus
With teeth and saliva fromt he salavary glands; digestion sta…
Enzyme that breaks down starch to maltose (a sugar disacchari…
Epiglottis closed off the larynx (voice box) so that the bolu…
Muscular tube that conveys the bolus to the stomach via "peri…
Mouth
With teeth and saliva fromt he salavary glands; digestion sta…
Amylase
Enzyme that breaks down starch to maltose (a sugar disacchari…
14 terms
Biology Exam 3, Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy and physiology
gametogenesis
spermatogenesis
scrotum
structures used in reproduction and the way the gametes are f…
production of gametes
1. cells lining seminiferoustubules enlarge and become primar…
sack-like structure that houses testes
anatomy and physiology
structures used in reproduction and the way the gametes are f…
gametogenesis
production of gametes
Anatomy and Physiology
Homeostasis
osteoblasts
erythrocyte
Cartilage
the body's ability to maintain its normal state
cells that secretes the matrix for bone formation
a red blood cell that does not have a nucleus
flexible connective tissue that is attached to bones at the j…
Homeostasis
the body's ability to maintain its normal state
osteoblasts
cells that secretes the matrix for bone formation
21 terms
Biology Anatomy Physiology Lecture Exam
What is the sequence of information fl…
The ability to ignore your socks aroun…
Scelera
Chorotoid
Sensory receptors activated, impulses sent to CNS, sensation,…
Sensory Adaption
Protects the shape of the eye ball; provides a sturdy anchori…
Blood vessels supply nutrition to all layers of the eye
What is the sequence of information fl…
Sensory receptors activated, impulses sent to CNS, sensation,…
The ability to ignore your socks aroun…
Sensory Adaption
84 terms
Biology: Anatomy and Physiology Unit Test
Nervous System
Digestive System
Muscular System
Reproductive System
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
Converts foods into simpler molecules that can be used by the…
Works with skeletal system to produce voluntary movement; hel…
Produces reproductive cells; in females, nurtures and protect…
Nervous System
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
Digestive System
Converts foods into simpler molecules that can be used by the…
58 terms
Biology Anatomy/Physiology Quiz #2
Respiratory System
Nose/Nasal Cavity
Pharynx
Larynx
Exchange gases between the body and the enviornment
Entrance for air; internal hairs begin to filter incoming air…
Passageway for air moving from nasal cavity to larynx
Passageway for air; prevents foreign objects from entering tr…
Respiratory System
Exchange gases between the body and the enviornment
Nose/Nasal Cavity
Entrance for air; internal hairs begin to filter incoming air…
27 terms
Biology Test Review- Anatomy & Physiology
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
Sphincter
Food begins its journey through the digestive system in the _…
The _______ is a muscular tube connecting the pharynx to the…
The _________ is a muscular sac that is located on the left s…
At the inferior end of the esophagus is a muscular ring calle…
Mouth
Food begins its journey through the digestive system in the _…
Esophagus
The _______ is a muscular tube connecting the pharynx to the…
206 terms
Biology: Anatomy and Physiology, Circulation and Digestion
Is circulation exactly the same among…
How is circulation performed in a sing…
The cell needs to absorb ______ & ____…
Can a multicellular organism survive j…
No
Diffusion across the cell membrane
Needs to absorb food and oxygen... Needs to expel carbon dioxide…
No
Is circulation exactly the same among…
No
How is circulation performed in a sing…
Diffusion across the cell membrane
95 terms
H Biology Final Exam Review - Anatomy and Physiology
Which organ system has the most influe…
Which organ system is the most importa…
Which organ is the most important?
mouth
nervous system
the circulatory system
the heart
start of digestion, carbs begin to be digested here
Which organ system has the most influe…
nervous system
Which organ system is the most importa…
the circulatory system
302 terms
biology review start: anatomy and physiology review
Cells → Tissues → Organs → Organ Systems
*mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, i…
*heart, blood vessels, blood... *internal…
*lungs, trachea, other breathing tubes…
Hierarchical Organization of Body Plans
digestive system main components and main functions
circulatory system main components and main functions
respitratory system main components and main functions
Cells → Tissues → Organs → Organ Systems
Hierarchical Organization of Body Plans
*mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, i…
digestive system main components and main functions
Vocab. Quiz 6 Biology 110 Anatomy & Physiology
lab/i-
gloss/o-
jugul/o-
my/o-
lip
tongue
throat
muscle
lab/i-
lip
gloss/o-
tongue
Vocab. Quiz 1 Biology 110 Anatomy & Physiology
a-, an-
ab-
ad-
af-
without or lacking
away from, departing
to or toward
toward
a-, an-
without or lacking
ab-
away from, departing
Vocab. Quiz 2 Biology 110 Anatomy & Physiology
hetero-
homo-
hyal-
hyper-
different
same, equal
clear
over, excessive
hetero-
different
homo-
same, equal
22 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
Simple Squamous
Simple Cuboidal
Simple Columar
Pseudostratisfied Columnar
L: Alveoli of lungs, walls of capillaries, and linings of blo…
L: Surface of ovaries, linings of kidney, fibula and other va…
L: linings of digestive tract, lining of uterus ... F: Protectio…
L: Lining of respiratory tract, and lining of various tubes o…
Simple Squamous
L: Alveoli of lungs, walls of capillaries, and linings of blo…
Simple Cuboidal
L: Surface of ovaries, linings of kidney, fibula and other va…
42 terms
Chapter 1 Anatomy & Physiology
abdominal
acromial
antebrachial
antecubital
region between the thorax and pelvis
Highest point of the shoulder
Forearm
Anterior surface of elbow
abdominal
region between the thorax and pelvis
acromial
Highest point of the shoulder
85 terms
Biology Test on Anatomy and Physiology
List the levels of organization in the…
lines the interior/ exterior body surf…
provides support for body/ connects tr…
List the types of connective Tissues
cells-tissue- organs-organ system- organism
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissues
bone... blood... cartilage... adipose fat... loose connective tissue
List the levels of organization in the…
cells-tissue- organs-organ system- organism
lines the interior/ exterior body surf…
Epithelial Tissue
16 terms
Biology 2401: Anatomy & Physiology Tissues 1
Nonkeratinized Stratified Squamous (Ep…
Keratinized Stratified Squamous (Epith…
Simple cuboidal (epithelium tissue)
Goblet cell
Multiple layers; basal cells are cuboidal or polyhedral. Func…
Function is to protect underlying tissue from abrasion. *Foun…
Functions in absorption and secretion of materials between fi…
Secretes mucus.
Nonkeratinized Stratified Squamous (Ep…
Multiple layers; basal cells are cuboidal or polyhedral. Func…
Keratinized Stratified Squamous (Epith…
Function is to protect underlying tissue from abrasion. *Foun…
118 terms
Biology: anatomy & physiology Unit 1
Anatomy & physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
The Principle of Complementarity of St…
- the oldest medical science... - how the body works under speci…
- the study of body structures... - internal and external... - spat…
- the study of how the body functions... - how processes are car…
- the form of structure relates to its function... - functions a…
Anatomy & physiology
- the oldest medical science... - how the body works under speci…
Anatomy
- the study of body structures... - internal and external... - spat…
66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Midterm: Cell Biology,
3 main parts of eukaryotic cell
What kind of membrane does the plasma…
What is the role of the plasma membrane
Integral proteins
plasma membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm
selectively permeable phospholipid bilayer ; allowing some th…
- Covers and protects the cell ... - Controls what goes in and w…
proteins that extend into the bilayer ; 2 types... Transmembrane…
3 main parts of eukaryotic cell
plasma membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm
What kind of membrane does the plasma…
selectively permeable phospholipid bilayer ; allowing some th…
85 terms
Biology: Anatomy & Physiology unit 2
8 skull bones of the cranium
4 sutures of the cranium
4 fontanelles of the cranium
Head size & shape
- Frontal bone (1)... - Occipital bone (1)... - Parietal bones (2)…
connection between skull bones using dense fibrous tissue... - L…
- sphenoidal fontanelle... - mastoid fontanelle... - anterior fonta…
- brain growth is complete by age 5... - premature closure of fo…
8 skull bones of the cranium
- Frontal bone (1)... - Occipital bone (1)... - Parietal bones (2)…
4 sutures of the cranium
connection between skull bones using dense fibrous tissue... - L…
42 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology Lab (Introduction)
Supine
Prone
Superior
Inferior
Laying face up
Laying face down
Above/higher
Below/lower
Supine
Laying face up
Prone
Laying face down
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Farm Animal (Cell Anatomy and Biology)
Cell cycle is important for
Maintenance of tissues is a
Cell death-
Increase cell numbers due to
Growth-increased cell numbers or Hyperplasia (not in all tiss…
balance between cellular reproduction (mitosis) and cellular…
general described as atresia. Genetically directed cell death…
increased mitosis, decreased atresia or both
Cell cycle is important for
Growth-increased cell numbers or Hyperplasia (not in all tiss…
Maintenance of tissues is a
balance between cellular reproduction (mitosis) and cellular…
14 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology Lab (Tissues)
Epithelial Tissue
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cubodial Epithelium
Nonciliated Simple Columnar Epithelium
form coverings and lings... form glands
Function: secretion, diffusion, filtration... Location: lungs, k…
Function: absorption, secretion... Location: kidneys or glands
Function: absorption... Location: small intestine
Epithelial Tissue
form coverings and lings... form glands
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Function: secretion, diffusion, filtration... Location: lungs, k…
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Functions of Cerebrum
Functions of Frontal Lobe
Functions of Parietal Lobe
Functions of Occipital Lobe
largest part of brain- associated with higher brain function…
involved in planning, organizing, problem solving, selective…
processing sensory information regarding the location of part…
processing visual information
Functions of Cerebrum
largest part of brain- associated with higher brain function…
Functions of Frontal Lobe
involved in planning, organizing, problem solving, selective…
32 terms
Biology 120 - Anatomy and Physiology. The Language of ANATOMY
Anatomical position
Abdominal
Brachial
Carpal
The universally accepted standard position with arms down and…
anterior body trunk inferior to the ribs.
arm
wrist
Anatomical position
The universally accepted standard position with arms down and…
Abdominal
anterior body trunk inferior to the ribs.
BIOLOGY 210 Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross or macroscopic anatomy
regional anatomy
studies the structure of body parts and their relationship to…
concerns the function of the body or how body parts work and…
the study of large body structures visible to the naked eye,…
subdivision of gross anatomy; all the structures (muscles, bo…
Anatomy
studies the structure of body parts and their relationship to…
Physiology
concerns the function of the body or how body parts work and…
Anatomy and Physiology
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone (2)
Temporal Bone (2)
Occipital Bone
Forms the back of each eyes orbits and forms forehead as well…
Form most of the upper and side walls of the skull and meet i…
Inferior to the Paritel Bones (Squamous Sutures)
Forms the floor and back wall of the skull, joins the parieta…
Frontal Bone
Forms the back of each eyes orbits and forms forehead as well…
Parietal Bone (2)
Form most of the upper and side walls of the skull and meet i…
18 terms
Word search, biology, Anatomy and Physiology
Means without wings (AOTW)
Two eyes ( exploratory )
Minerals that might cause hiccups (why?)
Blood returning to the heart (YBTS)
Aptedyx
Binocular
Calcium
Diastolic
Means without wings (AOTW)
Aptedyx
Two eyes ( exploratory )
Binocular
112 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
Median (midsagittal) plane
Frontal Plane
Transverse Plane
Oblique Plane
divides body in half
divides body vertically
divides body into superior and inferior regions
divides body at an angle
Median (midsagittal) plane
divides body in half
Frontal Plane
divides body vertically
15 terms
Biology 2401: Anatomy and Physiology Directional Terms
Anterior
Posterior
Dorsal
Ventral
In front of; toward the front surface
In back of; toward the back surface
At the back side of the human body (Interchangeable with ante…
At the backside of the human body (Interchangeable with poste…
Anterior
In front of; toward the front surface
Posterior
In back of; toward the back surface
25 terms
Biology 2401: Anatomy & Physiology; Sensory 2 (EAR)
pinna
external auditory canal
tympanic membrane
malleus
A
G
F
1
pinna
A
external auditory canal
G
Biology 141: Chapter 1 - Anatomy & Physiology
Inspection
Palpation
Auscultation
Percussion
Examining a structure using visible observation
Using one's hands to examine the body, especially while perce…
Listening to the internal sounds of the body, usually using a…
Method of tapping on a surface to determine the underlying st…
Inspection
Examining a structure using visible observation
Palpation
Using one's hands to examine the body, especially while perce…
19 terms
Biology 242 human anatomy and physiology
what are the components of the Reflex…
What are the two parts of the Central…
What are the 3 Spinal Nerves Given?
Define Amitotic
1. Stimulus, 2. Receptors, 3. Afferent(sensory), 4. Integrati…
Brain and the Spinal Cord
Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)- involuntary ... Sympathetic nerv…
Neurons cannot reproduce. no Mitosis.
what are the components of the Reflex…
1. Stimulus, 2. Receptors, 3. Afferent(sensory), 4. Integrati…
What are the two parts of the Central…
Brain and the Spinal Cord
15 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
Physiology
Anatomy
Ventral/Anterior
Proximal
Study of the function of the body and body parts
Study of the structure and shape of the body and body parts
In front of
Close to the origin of the body part
Physiology
Study of the function of the body and body parts
Anatomy
Study of the structure and shape of the body and body parts
Anatomy and Physiology -
What Is Anatomy ?
What is Physiology?
Name the six levels of structural orga…
Gross Anatomy
Is the study of the structure and shape of the body and their…
Is the study of how the body and its parts work or function.
Chemical level , Cellular level , Tissue level , organs level…
Observing our own body or study large body structures such as…
What Is Anatomy ?
Is the study of the structure and shape of the body and their…
What is Physiology?
Is the study of how the body and its parts work or function.
65 terms
Hesi anatomy and physiology, chemistry and biology
Within liver cells, glycogen can be de…
At which phase of meiosis does crossin…
Which cellular process results in the…
What is the name for the small, tail-l…
GlucaGen and epinephrine (adrenaline)
Prophase I
Calvin cycle
Flagella
Within liver cells, glycogen can be de…
GlucaGen and epinephrine (adrenaline)
At which phase of meiosis does crossin…
Prophase I
24 terms
Anatomy & Physiology.
superor (the nose is superior to the c…
inferior (the stomach is inferior to t…
medial (the sternum is meddle to the s…
lateral (the ears are lateral to the n…
above
below
towards the midline
towards the side
superor (the nose is superior to the c…
above
inferior (the stomach is inferior to t…
below
111 terms
MST Biology: Unit 1 Anatomy and Physiology
Frontal
Parietal
Occipital
Temporal
Frontal
Parietal
74 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
Types of Tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Epithelial,Connective,Muscle, Nervous
-Widespread throughout body , covers all body surfaces, lines…
-Binds structures together... -forms a framework and support for…
-Shorten & contract in order to produce movement to body part…
Types of Tissues
Epithelial,Connective,Muscle, Nervous
Epithelial Tissue
-Widespread throughout body , covers all body surfaces, lines…
HESI - Biology - Normal Anatomy and Physiology
What does the upper respiratory tract…
What is the primary function of the up…
The repiratory system ban be divided i…
Where does air reach after it comes th…
the nose, the paranasal sinuses, the pharynx, and the larynx
is to provide entry for inhaled air, thus enabling respiration.
The upper, middle, and lower tract.
It reaches the Pharynx
What does the upper respiratory tract…
the nose, the paranasal sinuses, the pharynx, and the larynx
What is the primary function of the up…
is to provide entry for inhaled air, thus enabling respiration.
174 terms
Biology 1 Anatomy and Physiology CHAP 1
Anatomy:
Developmental anatomy:
Embryology:
Cytology:
"study of STRUCTURE within the human body"
-structural changes between conception and adulthood
(form of development anatomy): from conception to the end of…
study of the cell
Anatomy:
"study of STRUCTURE within the human body"
Developmental anatomy:
-structural changes between conception and adulthood
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Introduction
Anatomy
Physiology
Atoms
Cells
The study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
The study of how the body and its parts work or function.
The building blocks of matter that combine to form molecules…
The smallest unit of living things.
Anatomy
The study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
Physiology
The study of how the body and its parts work or function.
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Superior
Inferior
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
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